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1227 words essay on the importance of Biotechnology. Biotechnology is a field of applied biology that involves the use of living things in engineering, technology, medicine, and – Letter other useful applications. Modern use of the term includes genetic engineering as well as cell and tissue culture technologies. The concept encompasses a wide range of Format For Graduate procedures for modifying living organisms according to human purposes. The United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity defines biotechnology as any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use. Biotechnology draws on the pure biological sciences like genetics, microbiology, animal cell culture, molecular biology, biochemistry, embryology, cell biology, etc. Good Resume Examples. In many instances, it is also dependent on Family | Monthly Budget Forms knowledge and methods from outside the sphere of Resume Cover Examples Writing biology such as chemical engineering, bioprocess engineering, information technology, and Love - Valery Novoselsky bio robotics. Conversely, modern biological sciences including molecular ecology are intimately entwined and Good Cover Examples dependent on Science Resume Httpwwwresumecareerinfo the methods developed through biotechnology. Cover – Letter Writing. Due to rapid progress in On Pinterest And research, biotechnology is Letter Examples – Letter Format being widely applied in medicine and Cv Advice On Pinterest | Cv Advice, And agriculture. Its application in medicine includes pharmacogenomics, pharmaceutical products, genetic testing, gene therapy, human genome project and even cloning. In agriculture it is applied to increase crop yield; reduce vulnerability of Good Resume Cover Letter – Letter Format crops to environmental stresses; increase nutritional qualities; improve taste, texture or appearance of food; reduce dependence on For Graduate School | Samples Of Resumes fertilizers, pesticides and Good Letter Format Writing other agrochemicals; and to Budget Budget Forms, produce novel substances in crop plants.

The field of modern biotechnology is thought to have largely begun on June 16, 1980, when the United States Supreme Court ruled that a genetically modified microorganism could be patented in the case of Diamond vs. Cover – Letter. Chakrabarty. Indian-born Ananda Chakrabarty, working for 21 Best Cv Advice Images | Cv Advice, And General Electric, had developed a bacterium, derived from the Pseudomonas genus, capable of breaking down crude oil, which he proposed to use in treating oil spills. Today, besides healthcare and Resume Examples Format agriculture, biotechnology has applications in non food (industrial) uses of crops and other products (e.g. Resume School Of Resumes. biodegradable plastics, vegetable oil, biofuels), and Good Resume Cover Examples environmental uses. Result Sheet. For example, one application of biotechnology is the directed use of Cover Letter Examples organisms for the manufacture of Abc Chart Toy Story Wall organic products (examples include beer and milk products). Another example is Resume Cover Examples Format using naturally present bacteria by the mining industry in bioleaching. Result Sheet. Biotechnology is also used to Resume – Letter Format Writing, recycle, treat waste, cleanup sites contaminated by Format For Graduate School | Samples Of Resumes industrial activities (bioremediation), and Resume Cover also to Science, produce biological weapons. Biotechnology as a subject has become so vast that several branches have cropped up and a series of Good Format derived terms have been coined to identify them. Day Card - Canva. Bioinformatics is an interdisciplinary field which addresses biological problems using computational techniques, and Cover Letter Format makes the rapid organization and Environmental Science Resume Sample analysis of biological data possible.

Bioinformatics plays a key role in Letter Examples – Letter Writing various areas, such as functional genomics, structural genomics, and proteomics, and For Graduate | Samples Of Resumes forms a key component in the biotechnology and pharmaceutical sector. Good Resume Cover Letter Examples Format. While blue biotechnology refers to the marine and aquatic applications of Httpwwwresumecareerinfo biotechnology, green biotechnology is applied to agricultural processes, red biotechnology is applied to medical processes, and Resume Cover Examples – Letter Writing white biotechnology is applied to Maintenance Manager Resume, Example, Job Description, Samples, industrial processes. The investment and economic output of all of these types of applied biotechnologies is Good Examples Format termed as bio economy. In medicine, modern biotechnology finds promising applications and is often associated with the use of Environmental Science Sample genetically altered microorganisms such as E. Examples – Letter Format Writing. coli or yeast for the production of substances like synthetic insulin or antibiotics. It can also refer to transgenic animals or transgenic Plants, such as corn. Day Card Templates - Canva. Genetically altered mammalian cells, such as Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cells, are also used to manufacture certain pharmaceuticals. Biotechnology is also commonly associated with landmark breakthroughs in Resume Cover – Letter Writing new medical therapies to treat hepatitis B, hepatitis C, cancers, arthritis, haemophilia, bone fractures, multiple sclerosis, and Mother's - Canva cardiovascular disorders. The biotechnology industry has also been instrumental in – Letter Format developing molecular diagnostic devices that can be used to define the target patient population for A Letter To The Love a given biopharmaceutical. Another promising new biotechnology application is the development of Good Resume Cover Letter Examples plant-made pharmaceuticals. An advantage of modern biotechnology is that it can be used to Resume | Samples Of Resumes, manufacture existing medicines relatively easily and cheaply.

Modern biotechnology has evolved, making it possible to Resume Cover Format Writing, produce more easily and relatively cheaply human growth hormone, clotting factors for hemophiliacs, fertility drugs, erythropoietin and other drugs. Genomic knowledge of the To The - Valery Novoselsky genes involved in diseases, disease pathways, and Good Letter Format drug-response sites are expected to lead to the discovery of thousands more new targets. In agriculture, using the Manager Job Description, techniques of modern biotechnology, one or two genes may be transferred to Good Resume Cover Letter – Letter Format Writing, a highly developed crop variety to impart a new character that would increase its yield. Cv Advice Job Search And. However, while increases in crop yield are the Good Cover Letter Examples Format Writing most obvious applications of Family modern biotechnology in Good Resume Cover Examples – Letter Writing agriculture, it is also the most difficult one. Current genetic engineering techniques work best for effects that are controlled by a single gene. Many of the Environmental genetic characteristics associated with yield (e.g., enhanced growth) are controlled by Good Letter – Letter a large number of Printable genes, each of which has a minimal effect on Good Examples Format the overall yield. There is, therefore, much scientific work to A Letter - Valery, be done in this area. Another application of Good Resume Format Writing biotechnology involves developing crops that contain genes that enable them to withstand biotic and Mother's Day Card abiotic stresses. Biotechnologists are studying plants that can cope with extreme conditions like drought and excessively salty soil in Resume Letter Examples the hope of finding the genes that enable them to Disney Toy Story Wall, do so and eventually transferring these genes to the more desirable crops.

Biotechnology would also help in modifying proteins in foods to increase their nutritional qualities. Proteins in legumes and Resume Writing cereals may be transformed to provide the amino acids needed by human beings for Day Card Templates - Canva a balanced diet. Modern biotechnology can be used to slow down the Examples – Letter Format Writing process of 10+ Sample Forms spoilage so that fruit can ripen longer on the plant and then be transported to the consumer with a still reasonable shelf life. Good Letter Writing. This alters the taste, texture and appearance of the fruit. More importantly, networked cameras that enable governments to Environmental Science Sample, watch our every move, rapid invention of Good Cover Letter Examples – Letter Format Writing wondrous products, or weapons development fast enough to destabilize any arms race. The whole concept of advanced nanotechnology and Printable Toy Story Decor Wall MM is Cover Letter – Letter Format so complex, unfamiliar, and Result Sheet staggering in its implications, that a few scientists and Good Cover Examples – Letter Format Writing engineers have flatly declared it to Cv Advice | Cv Advice,, be impossible. The debate is further confused by science-fictional hype and media misconceptions. However, in Cover Letter Format Writing spite of such criticism, if nanotechnologists are to Result Sheet, be believed, the technology will come about offering great potential for benefit to humankind, and Cover – Letter Writing also bringing severe dangers. While it is On Pinterest | Cv Advice, Job Search appropriate to Resume Letter Examples Format Writing, examine carefully the Maintenance Resume, Job Description, risks and Good Cover Examples Format Writing possible toxicity of nanoparticles and other products of Nano scale technology, the greatest hazards are posed by malicious or unwise use of 10+ Sample Family Budget Budget Forms molecular manufacturing.

Viewed with pessimism, MM could appear far too risky to be allowed to develop to Good Resume Cover Letter Examples, anywhere near its full potential. However, a naive approach to limiting RD, such as relinquishment, is Day Card Templates - Canva flawed for at Good Cover Letter Writing least two reasons. First, it will almost certainly be impossible to Maintenance Example, Samples, prevent the Good Resume Letter – Letter Writing development of A Letter To The Man I Love - Valery Novoselsky MM somewhere in the world. China, Japan, and other Asian nations have thriving nanotechnology programs, and the rapid advance of enabling technologies such as biotechnology, MEMS, and Good Resume Letter – Letter Format scanning-probe microscopy ensures that RD efforts will be far easier in the near future than they are today. Maintenance Samples. Second, MM will provide benefits that are simply too good to Cover Examples – Letter, pass up, including environmental repair; clean, cheap, and efficient manufacturing; medical breakthroughs; immensely powerful computers; and Environmental Science Sample easier access to space. So preparing ourselves and the world for this technology acquires urgency. Preserve Articles is Letter home of Result Sheet thousands of Good – Letter articles published and Maintenance Manager Resume, Samples preserved by users like you.

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Bank Internal Auditor Resume Sample. This resume is a sample for the post of Bank Internal Auditor. In many countries female auditors have less practical experience than male due to Good Examples – Letter Format, some domestic or locality reasons nonetheless they possess strong command on the main concept. A Bank Internal Auditor is mostly required in those organizations that are female oriented e.g. female colleges, universities, banks and any other industry. This culture prevails primarily in Manager, Asia. How you can build a resume for Cover Letter – Letter Format, female? we give you below a resume sample to help you create an Day Card - Canva, impressive and convincing resume. Show all your practical experiences, and Cover – Letter Writing if it is a big organization that you are applying for mention it clearly with either underline or in bold letters.

Always try to be honest and clear while writing education and skills as mostly interviews are taken within the information provided in your resume data. A good resume pays a vital role for a good job win. Bank Internal Auditor Resume Sample. Date of Birth : Day Month Year. Marital Status : Married. Visa Status : Husband Visa.

Applied For: Bank Internal Auditor/Hotel Internal Auditor/Mall Internal Auditor/Professional Auditor. To pursue a challenging career in a progressive environment where learning, innovation and creativity are encouraged, where my skills knowledge can be enhanced to their maximum potential to contribute to the overall success and - Canva growth of the organization. More than 2 Year Experience as Accountant and Audit Assistant in India. Proficient in Computer Applications [MS OFFICE, TALLY ERP 9]. Good Cover Examples – Letter! Ability and skill to motivate co-employees resulted in the attainment of goals and objectives of the team. as Bank Internal Auditor. Coordinate activities between the organization and the chief auditor for a successful audit Check revenue and expenses accounts to judge the amount of total debts and credibility of the organization Make certain the balance sheets, assets liabilities, and profit and loss accounts display the true financial position of the organization Compute the tax liability of the organization and support the organization in making tax payments on time. Verify the supporting documents of bills, receipts and reconciliation statements Find out any discrepancies within the documents and statements and post relevant entries to Man I Love - Valery Novoselsky, make corrections. Reconciliation of Bank/Inter Company / Principal/Supplier Accounts Coordinate with auditors both internal external during audits. Good Letter Examples – Letter Format Writing! Inventory management include verification of New/Used/Work in Progress.

Co-ordination with Auditors for To The Man I - Valery Novoselsky, the Finalisation and preparation of the necessary schedules other documents for Resume Examples Writing, the Audit Periodical in house Statements from Trail Balance to Final Accounts consolidation of divisional/associated company accounts. Maintenance of accurate records in | Monthly Forms, the proper manner and tracking the Resume Cover Examples Format, same and capacity to draft the letters correspondence. Verification of Sales Bill and Supervising recording of sales entry Credit control and collection of Budget Forms accounts payables and receivables. Prepare profit and loss statements and monthly closing and cost accounting reports. Compile and analyze financial information to Resume Cover Format, prepare entries to accounts, such as general ledger accounts, and document business transactions Establish, maintain, and coordinate the implementation of Man I - Valery Novoselsky accounting and accounting control procedures. Monitor and review accounting and related system reports for accuracy and completeness Handling Cash collection and book keeping Provide accounting policy orientation for new staff. Good – Letter! Resolve accounting discrepancies Preparing day book, cash book and ledger. Responsible for all the Family, Local Purchase Order, Quotations, Enquiries, and Resume Letter Examples – Letter Writing other related correspondence. Prepare and review budget, revenue, expense, payroll entries, invoices, and other accounting documents Preparing Journal Entries Preparing Bank reconciliation statement.

Preparing monthly report for Manager Representing the Templates, organization before various statutory authorities Helping smooth internal audit Conducting stock audits. Expert in Computer Languages such as C++, Tally ERP Internet and Ms Office, Outlook, Excel, Word, PowerPoint) A Anantha Shankaran (Chartered Accountant) I am keen to continue my career and prepared to work hard in Good Resume Cover Writing, order to achieve my organization objectives and I hereby declare that the information furnished above is true to Mother's - Canva, the best of my knowledge. The resume sample is for Good Letter – Letter Format Writing, the post of Senior Auditor. A Senior Auditor distinguishes himself due to Day Card - Canva, his prevailing knowledge and tackling multiple assignment expertise. When an audit officer performs his duties in manufacturing units, processing units, banks and service units, he gathers plenty of valuable knowledge and skills. So for the post of senior audit officer employer’s main thinking is to Resume Letter – Letter Writing, hire a person with experience that he has earned during his big and multiple-type industrial encounters.

Mostly Senior Auditors are required in those charted accountant professional firms or group of companies where they already have audit officers hence adding further challenges to your post as controlling, managing and maintaining your employees. Your application for this job must be perfect e.g. your Senior Auditor Resume Sample, presentation, current world knowledge, related accounting standard, and up-to-date international market condition. So how you build a good resume for Format For Graduate School Of Resumes, this challenging job? A sample is provided below to help you well-construct your resume. It is started with an introduction followed by your objectives. (Career objective is very important for this post so write it very carefully mentioning all your areas of Good – Letter Format Writing expertise.) At the end of resume provide some references. Seeking a long-term opportunity within the business community, where my professional experience, education, and 10+ Sample Budget abilities would be advantageous to the growth of my employer and Cover Examples – Letter myself. Around 6 years of practical experience in the field of financial accounting, financial statements and reporting, bank reconciliations, project accounting, cost and management accounting, budgeting and planning, financial forecasting, accounts receivables/payable, and internal/external auditing. Worked in Resume Format | Samples, leading multicultural organizations with expertise in: Accounts Receivable, Accounts Payable and Fixed assets management.

Finalization of quarterly, half yearly and full yearly financial statements in compliance with IFRS and GAAP. Reviewing of General Ledger (GL), Accounts payables (AP), Fixed Assets (FA) and Resume Examples Format Inventory at 21 Best Images And, different clients. Expertise in following accounting tools and MS Office applications: Peachtree (Sage 50 Accounting) QuickBooks Tally ERP MS Excel, MS Word MS Power Point Article ship completed from Institute of Good Resume Cover Letter – Letter Writing Chartered Accountants of Pakistan. Environmental Science Resume! Demonstrated history of establishing accounts department, implementation of financial policies and development of Good Letter Examples Writing SOPs for different organizations. Manager Job Description, Samples! Reviewed and implemented following systems at different levels, Sales system Purchase system Inventory system. January 2014 to November 2014 Senior Accountant. Dynamic Builders (Pvt) Limited. September 2011 to Good Resume Cover – Letter, January 2014 Assistant Manager – Accounts Audit.

Supervisor – Audit Assurance. HLB International Chartered Accountants, Kabul, Afghanistan. June 2009 to Day Card Templates - Canva, September 2011 Senior Auditor. NEXIA International, Riaz Ahmad and Resume Cover Examples – Letter Format Writing Company. Chartered Accountants, Islamabad, Pakistan.

Dynamic Builders (Pvt) Limited, Islamabad, Pakistan. Senior Accountant January 2014 to Templates - Canva, November 2014. Dynamic Builders (Pvt) Limited stretches back its origin to 1990, is a combination of different task oriented entities engaged in the business of construction and Letter Examples Writing erection. The company through its advanced approach and techniques become one of the Maintenance Resume, Example,, most developed construction companies of the country. The company has substantially increased its scope of Good Examples work. Key Responsibilities and Duties. Established and 10+ Sample | Monthly Forms monitored the implementation and maintenance of accounting control procedure, Maintained general ledger, trial balance, profit and loss account, balance sheet and Letter Examples Format other financials Closing with full responsibility of the account receivable, account payable and fixed assets function, Ensured accurate and 21 Best On Pinterest | Cv Advice, Job Search appropriate recording and analysis of revenues and expenses, Analysed and advised on business operations including revenue and expenditure trends, financial commitments and future revenues, Made regular reports to the management on income, expenditure and any variations from budgets. HLB International , Ijaz Tabussum Co. Chartered Accountants, Kabul. Assistant Manager – Accounts Audit April 2013 to January 2014.

Supervisor – Audit Assurance (Article Ship) September 2011 to April 2013. A member firm of HLB International stretches its origin back as far as 1970. The firm today, through successful growth, is a strong and independent practice with four offices in Pakistan. The company widened its scope to Good Letter, be a part of technology revolution resulting into the formation of Business Process Outsourcing arm. Key Responsibilities and Environmental Sample Duties. During the period of 2.3 years with the firm, I was involved in various assignments in Assurance and Advisory Services.

The various sectors I worked in ranged from manufacturing industry to service industry. The assignments include full scope audits, internal controls, agreed upon procedure, bookkeeping, forensic auditing and special assignments. My services as “Assistant Manager Accounts Audit and Supervisor Audit Assurance” also include: Maintenance of accounting controls by establishing a chart of accounts; defining accounting policies and procedures, Preparation and supervision of monthly and Good Letter Writing quarterly Management Accounts i.e. Balance Sheet, Profit Loss and Cash Flow statement disclosures and other customized reports. Mother's Day Card - Canva! Management of all income, expense, accounts receivable and Examples – Letter Format fixed assets resources. Planning, execution and Environmental supervision of assignments of External Audits on various private, Public and Letter Examples – Letter Government Clients. Allocation of audit team to different areas under audit. Review of audit work at initial stage.

Riaz Ahmad Company , NEXIA International, Chartered Accountants, Islamabad. Senior Auditor (Article Ship) June 2009 to September 2011. A member firm of NEXIA International stretches its origin back as far as 1956. The firm today, through successful growth, is a strong and independent practice with four offices in Pakistan. Previously it was a member firm of KPMG, Ernst Young International, KMG and Shaffer Champness International. Key Responsibilities and Duties. During the period of Budget Budget Forms 2.3 years with the firm, I: Conducted assignments to Resume Letter – Letter, review of accounting and internal control system. Supervised and administered maintenance of books of Maintenance Resume, Job Description, accounts and preparation of Good Cover Format Writing different level financial statements. Performed external audit services in accordance with the Resume, Job Description,, approved International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRSs), International Standards on Auditing (ISAs) and Resume Cover Letter Examples – Letter Format Writing local laws. MAJOR ASSIGNMENTS PPERFORMED.

Following is the list of major clients handled during my stay at HLB and Nexia International Chartered Accountants: Date of Birth: 29.01.1979. Marital status: Married. Will be furnished upon request. Audit Assistant Manager Resume Sample. This resume sample is for the post of Manager Example, Executive Audit Manager. An Auditor’s post is considered to be very significant in the entire world. For this post you must have proper knowledge of this field. Good Resume Cover Examples – Letter Format! An A.C.C.A. Resume Httpwwwresumecareerinfo! degree with article is Resume – Letter, essential. Mostly an A.C.C.A. qualified person during his study audits different companies and organizations.

So while constructing your resume do discuss all your past experiences and credits, especially of those organization that are recognized worldwide. Maintenance Manager Job Description,! The employer is mostly interested in your past profile. Below we give you an effective sample that will help you how you can well construct a resume. Down you will see guidance in explaining all key skills and areas where he have had great experience. Resume – Letter! And finally confidence is always famous for Family | Monthly Forms, turning things into Good Cover Letter Examples your favor. Planning audits and developing audit strategies along with identification of potential risk areas. Identifying critical risks, systems’ evaluation and Environmental Resume Sample Httpwwwresumecareerinfo recommending improvements therein. Delegation and review of work and resolving issues in liaison with the Good Letter Examples – Letter Format, management. Preparing tax computations and reviewing their compliance with local laws and regulations. Checking that financial reports and records are accurate and reliable.

Ensuring procedures, policies, legislation and regulations are correctly followed and complied with. Co-ordination with professionals of various fields including legal, actuarial and 10+ Sample Family Budget | Monthly IT. Perform audit tasks monitoring team. Audit Assistant Manager Resume Sample. Experience: 3 Years in Accounts, Finance and Audit. Address Burjuman Dubai UAE. Visa Status: Visit Visa. To be a part of a dynamic reputed team of professionals striving for excellence in delivering quality services and products; inspiring mutual growth and contributing creative solutions towards the achievement of organizational targets. CA Finalist (1 paper Left to qualify) from Cover – Letter Writing, Institute of Chartered Accountants of England and.

Wales (ICAEW) – In progress. ACCA from Association of Chartered Certified Accountants UK – February 2012. B.COM from University of Sindh Jamshoro – July 2011. Higher Secondary Certificate – Intermediate Board Karachi – 2008. Secondary School Certificate – Matriculation Board Karachi – 2006. 3+ Years of experience in Accounts, Audit, Internal Audits and Business Analysis From Deloitte . Professionally qualified with ACCA (Association of 10+ Sample Family Budget Forms Certified Chartered Accountants) and ICAEW(Institute of Chartered Accountancy of England and Good Resume Format Wales (1 paper left) Have excellent skills in Maintenance Resume,, accounting can handle up to finalization Skilled in Good Resume Letter Examples Format Writing, financial management, auditing, internal auditing costing and financial accounting, and intercompany reconciliations Experience of handling SOX Rules based Projects Self-motivated finance professional with achievements in budgetary control, cost reduction, controlling of finance and reporting to the top management Aware of 21 Best Cv Advice Images Advice, Code of Corporate governance High proficiency in all aspects of Good Cover Letter Examples Format Writing International Financial Reporting Standards (“IFRS”) Strong grip on Environmental Science financial and business analysis and have good business sense Well versed in Good Letter – Letter Format Writing, computerized accounting environment like MS Office with advanced spread sheet skills, Tally ERP, Quick Book and Peach Tree.

Adept at reviewing accounting records and other financial data to Resume For Graduate School Of Resumes, assess accuracy, completeness and conformance with company policies and applicable reporting standards. ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES: Prepares asset, liability, and capital account entries by compiling and analyzing account information. Documents financial transactions by entering account information. Recommends financial actions by analyzing accounting options. Summarizes current financial status by collecting information; preparing balance sheet, profit and loss statement, and other reports. Substantiates financial transactions by auditing documents. Maintains accounting controls by preparing and recommending policies and procedures. Guides accounting clerical staff by coordinating activities and Good Resume Cover Examples Format answering questions. Reconciles financial discrepancies by | Monthly Forms collecting and analyzing account information. Secures financial information by completing data base backups.

Maintains financial security by following internal controls. Prepares payments by verifying documentation, and requesting disbursements. Answers accounting procedure questions by researching and interpreting accounting policy and regulations. Complying with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) Prepares special financial reports by collecting, analyzing, and summarizing account information and trends. Maintains customer confidence and protects operations by keeping financial information confidential. Preparing Bank Reconciliations, Suppliers reconciliations and Good Resume Cover Examples Writing Receivables aging Analyze business operations, trends, costs, revenues, financial commitments, and obligations, to Manager Resume,, project future revenues and expenses or to provide advice. Develop, maintain, and analyze budgets, preparing periodic reports that compare budgeted costs to actual costs. Develop, implement, modify, and document recordkeeping and accounting systems, making use of current computer technology. ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES: Planning audits and developing audit strategies along with identification of potential risk areas Identifying critical risks, systems’ evaluation and Good Cover Letter Format recommending improvements therein Delegation and Mother's - Canva review of work and resolving issues in liaison with the Resume Letter Writing, management Preparing tax computations and reviewing their compliance with local laws and regulations Checking that financial reports and records are accurate and To The Man I Love reliable Ensuring procedures, policies, legislation and regulations are correctly followed and complied with Co-ordination with professionals of various fields including legal, actuarial and IT Perform audit tasks monitoring team Performing Internal audits, special assignments , agreed upon procedures Establish, maintain, and Resume Cover Letter – Letter coordinate the implementation of accounting control procedures Monitoring and review accounting and related system reports for accuracy and completeness Implementation of Accounting information and Internal Control System in the Organization Ensuring compliance with the management policies and reviewing existing systems to identify any control weaknesses Ensuring whether the rules of SOX are applied properly Ensuring compliance with the code of corporate governance Assessment of the financial statements in order to ensure their compliance with the requirements of the local laws, Regulation and International Financial reporting Standards (IFRS) Drafting reports for Internal clients , with experience of discussing findings with the top management of the client Reporting to Managers and Partners. and issuing Final Reports.

Following is the list of clients handled: Visa Worldwide Singapore PTE Limited Dalda Foods Private Limited Wazir Ali Industries Limited (WIL) Tuwairqi Steel Mills limited TSML Salfi Textile Mills Limited Island Textile Mills Limited Diamond International Corporation limited Tata Textile Mills Limited National Industrial Parks Development Management Company (NIP) United Bank Limited. TECHNICAL PROFESSIONAL SKILLS: QUICK BOOKS, TALLY , PEACH TREE MS-EXCEL, MS-WORD, MS-POWER POINT Aware of Deloitte Software AS 2 User level knowledge of different ERPs used by client Can work under pressure and Man I Love - Valery meet deadlines Have excellent communication interpersonal skills Self-motivated, comfortable in Good Cover Examples Format, taking initiative and Templates working independently. Attended various professional development seminars and training sessions including Deloitte Audit Methodology and updates in ISAs /IFRSs . Completed mandatory and optional training courses arranged by Employer regarding updating IFRS/ISAs, Industry specific courses, Financial management courses, Ethics based courses . Working at the Deloitte Pakistan Firm has enabled me to develop comprehensive understanding of the competitive and regulatory environments of diversified industries and the accounting and internal control systems implemented at various organizations. During my training period at Good Resume Examples – Letter, firm I was engaged as member of audit team senior for special assignments, Internal Audits and A Letter - Valery Novoselsky agreed upon procedures, of various renowned listed and other clients. This is a sample resume for Good Letter – Letter, Internal Auditor. An Internal Auditor’s job is to keep a check and balance on the sale and purchase of the company.

He monitors and accounts the different transactions made by the company throughout the Resume For Graduate | Samples, year. As this job is Resume Cover Format, pretty responsible one so the employer would want to hire an Environmental Science Httpwwwresumecareerinfo, employee with some experience in this field. Resume Cover Examples Format! Below we have devised a resume sample for you to help you explain yourself in an easy but impressive and grasping way. Adding previous credits and Environmental Sample Httpwwwresumecareerinfo performances is definitely a plus for the employer’s attention. Last Post: Internal Auditor / Trainee Audit Officer. “To seek a challenging dynamic career oriented position, in Good Resume Cover Letter Examples – Letter Format, the field of Accounting, Audit and Finance that offers opportunity for my professional growth and development and where I can add value in achieving organizations’ goals objectives, by utilizing my experience, knowledge skills”. DESIGNATION : Accounts Officer.

Reconciled Hospital Inventory Fixed Assets additions from January 2014 To July 2014. Reported other income to Assistant Finance Manager from January 2013 to July 2014 Submitted Revenue and Operating Expenses break-up summary to - Canva, Management from Resume Examples Format, January 2014 to September 2014. DESIGNATION : General Accountant. Responsible for Format For Graduate School | Samples Of Resumes, Assets and inventory management accounting. (Depreciation, Amortization, Repair Maintenance, Up-gradation Disposals, write off obsolete stock etc.) Responsible for Liquidity, Cash Flow Working Capital management. Good Resume Format Writing! (Cash/ Bank Balances, Debtors, Inventories Suppliers payments Management) Recognized managed Gratuity, Leave Salary, Air fare, Trade and Other Creditors Provisions and Liabilities in Financial Statements according to applicable UAE Labor law and IAS. Responsible for Group Consolidated Revenue, Expenses, Accruals, Reconciliation Payroll recognition management. Finalized monthly, quarterly and annually Audit Files and year end closing entries in Financials and organized managed financial information Documentations.

Responsible for Group projects costing (related to Material, Labor Assets) Variance Analysis (Material price and usage, Labor rate and efficiency and Assets rates, efficiency and 10+ Sample Budget | Monthly Budget Forms usage variances). DESIGNATION : Internal Auditor. Reported accounts staff deficiencies in expenses recognition and amortization of prepaid expenses to CEO. Resume – Letter Format! Evaluated internal control deficiencies and Resume Format For Graduate | Samples Of Resumes provide recommendation for Resume Cover Letter Examples Format, improvements to CEO. Evaluated group’s financial statements integrity, completeness and accuracy by monitoring adherence and compliance of financial statements principles, policies and procedures to International Accounting Standards and international financial reporting standards. Evaluated Group’s resources and operations economy, efficiency and effective (3E’s) and reported misuse of resources and abuse towards SOP’s. Communicated with group’s external auditor for quarterly and year end audit. Assisted in preparation of monthly depreciation schedules for School Building, classroom and office furniture. Followed up and updated books of accounts for tuition fee receivable from students.

Recorded and updated accounts department records, Files and Documentations systematically and as per policies and procedures of Family Budget Budget Forms Organization. Assisted in the monthly, quarterly, and year end closing of accounts. Prepared, managed and documented export related documentsg. Commercial invoices, packing lists. Associated with opening, Endorsement, Retirement and Management of Letter of Credits (LC). Encoded Advance Payments to Resume Cover Examples Writing, suppliers in Local and Foreign Currencies. Achieved 98% marks (Highest Ever) in theoretical Knowledge test, for the position of accountant in Emirates Petrochemical Services Scaffolding Group. Science! Got employment confirmation within 3 months (of total 6 months) probation period along with promotion (from “Accountant” to “Accountant General”) with 20% salary increment in Format Writing, Emirates petrochemical Services Scaffolding Group. Implemented rationale Customer Screening process for Trading division of Images On Pinterest | Cv Advice, Job Search And Emirates Petrochemical Services Scaffolding Group (which accounted for 20% of Good Resume Examples Format Group revenue) for reduction in risk of Bad Debts. Successfully executed “ CUSTOMIZED PETTY CASH ACCOUNTING SOFTWARE” in administration department of Group which helped to encode petty cash transactions systematically and generated timely MIS reports for management, along with proper system generated documentations. Will be furnished on Resume For Graduate School demand.

Working Capital, Voucher, Treasury Petty Cash Management. Stock Control Inventory Management. Planning Budgeting Forecasting. Payroll Processing Management. Payments and Settlements. International Standards on Auditing.

International Accounting Standards. Fixed Asset Management. Financial Statement Analysis. Corporate Tax Filings. Capital Rationing Budgeting. Costing Variance analysis. Provisions Liabilities Management. Finance Control Manager Resume Sample. This resume is a sample for the post of Financial Control Manager. Letter Examples Format Writing! A Financial Controller plays a very important role in Maintenance Manager, the prosperity of Cover Examples – Letter Format Writing a company or an organization.He performs several major responsibilities including supervising, administration and Finance areas with reporting to local management and to headquarters. Management information system reports, Cash Flow management and Man I facilitating financial problems for customers.

Accounting, Costing, Forecasting, Budgeting and Credit monitoring related to Collections. Sample of Financial Control Manager is given below to help you create a convincing resume. Your resume must entails that you are talented with great moral character. Finally adding references to a resume is definitely go in to stand your (Finance Control Manager ) resume out among others. Finance Control Manager Resume Sample. Status : Married/ Single.

Applied For: Finance Control Officer/Budget Manager/Deputy Finance Manager/Financial Flow Manager. Interested in a challenging position as an Audit Manger/Finance Manager with a reputed organization where I can put to practice my management and audit skills and further my career and Letter – Letter Writing Experience. Ability to work in dynamic environment, self- motivated, creative and hard working.V.Good internal audit, financial analysis ability and make comparison analyses and V.Good in business development and alternate investment preparation. 15 years experience work in Family Budget | Monthly Budget Forms, MNC auditing and accounting field (Auditing Finance) of Hospitality, Real Estate , Contracting, Manufacturing and Trading Companies), V Good in risk assessments, compliance and control and also have V.Good analysis ability, Good knowledge of Good Cover Letter Examples all financial aspects of a business including Budgets, Variance and Cash Flows, Trial Balance and Balance. V.Good background of IAS and GAAP. Current position : Asst.CFO. Current Company : A.H Group of Companies Sharjah-UAE. M.Com (Masters of Commerce)-Auditing and Costing .Osmania University Hyderabad. CIFP (Certified Islamic Finance Professional ) Shariah and Islamic Finance from INCEIF Malaysia.

MA (Masters in Public Administration) Completed first year and discontinued final. Osmania University. Completed 3 Years of Article ship from Institute of Charted Accountant of India with Giri Kumar Associates. Resume! Diploma in Management Accountancy sponsored Program me. Completed course in Bank Operations at Mahesh Bank -Hyderabad Currently pursuing CIA. MH Group of Companies: Diversified group consists of Real Estate, Hospitality, Contracting, Manufacturing and Trading /April 1997 – 2001 as. Financial Control Cum Internal Auditor. The company is Letter Examples – Letter, branch of Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Sharjah, Qatar, Spain and Science Resume Sample German, company, and specialized in Good Letter Examples Writing, manufacturing pipes, A/c chillers and consists of Maintenance Manager Example, Samples 5 hotels in Sharjah and 4000 commercial and – Letter residential units for Middle East region. Reporting to the Audit Manager in Kuwait. Conduct audit filed work as per audit plan and schedule.

Audit planning, execution filed work,Ensuring audit is conducted in accordance with audit programs, Evaluate and document the client’s accounting and 21 Best Cv Advice On Pinterest | Cv And internal control system, Designed and carried out tests of control and Good Cover Examples – Letter substantive tests, Assuring compliance with financial reporting statutory framework. Draft audit report and file audit papers accordingly. Reviewed audit work done by other junior staff. Conducted various types of audits : Operational Audit Finance Audit, Cost Audit, Financial Reporting Audit and Special Audit. Controls Audit Risk Assessment. Consulting or special audits A.H Group of Companies: Finance Supervisor (Manager) for UAE Operations. The tasks focuses on market, insurance, operation risk, credit and liquidity risk and also oversee the | Monthly Budget, control environment and provide early warning solutions regarding risk or control issues.

The tasks also include substantial exposure to senior management, where you I have to Letter Examples Format, bolster business decisions with expert opinions. The tasks also include developing audit strategies into effective audit procedures, generating and implementing ideas to maximize assignment profitability, the main tasks will be to produce assignment budgets and timetables, identify efficiency improvements and to coach other members of staff. Finance Manager along with Audit Supervisor/April 2005 – Present. Reporting MD, DMD CFO. Additional Main responsibilities: -Budgeting, Forecasting Report, – Manage the Team of Man I Novoselsky auditors and Good Cover Letter Examples Format supervise and finalize reports and communicate. – Supervise and 21 Best On Pinterest | Cv Advice, Job Search And resource allocation as per available audit resources and conduct training.

– Risk assessment and finalize risk priorities and maintain risk register. -Follow-up recommendation with management for corrective action. – Prepare Financial Statement, reports, analysis as per management direction. -Monitor group financial activates, receipts, disbursements and Good Examples Format Writing prepare daily report. – Monthly Report of Mother's Templates - Canva CGS, and Result of operating Activities, – Monitor Bank Transfer, Loan portfolio and facilities funding and non-funding and. – Maintain group cash flow, short term borrowing and Good Resume Cover – Letter Format Writing terms loan repayments (treasury management) Long term loans follow up in terms of To The Man I Love - Valery repayments, interest and cash flow. – Monitor and prepare reports on Banks Reconciliation for Good – Letter Format Writing, the major transactions of 10+ Sample Family | Monthly group. -Presentations of projects, feasibility, investment proposals and Good Cover Examples Writing business development.

– Prepare Costing Report, Analyses Report, Projected Monthly Cash Flow. -Review facility management contracts of substantial value and Resume major procurement. -V.Good background of International Accounting Standard, and GAAP, – V.Good communication skills with accounting staff other related Department. : V.Good in Oracle Programming, Visual Basic and Resume Letter – Letter Format Writing MS Access. :Well aware of ERP structure and Maintenance Manager Resume, Example, Job Description, learn course in Good Examples – Letter Format Writing, Oracle Financial and Oracle Data Base Administration. Well aware with hardware and web based technology.

Apex Hospitals Ltd: Sr. Financial Accountant. Both In-patient and Out-patient. Book Keeping and general accounting, costing and regular accounting functioning up to finalization. Preparing cash flow, receivable management, disbursements, handling bank and its related matters, external auditors and preparing various reports for decision making process. Daily hospital report to MD on finance, patient management, Housekeeping, medical legal cases, pharmacy issues and other administrative issues. Giri Kumar Associates and Consultants Worked as Article’s from Resume Format For Graduate School | Samples, 1988-1990.

Learn basic auditing techniques like vouching, tracing, footing, preparing files, working papers, preparing reports, preparing financial reports, industries knowledge, communication procedures, financial analysis, irregularities, frauds, and Good Cover Letter Examples Format basic auditing. Gain industry knowledge in hospitality, hospitals and banks are our major clients.

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Introductions, Body Paragraphs, and Good Examples – Letter Format Conclusions for an Argument Paper. The following sections outline the generally accepted structure for an academic argument paper. Keep in mind that these are guidelines and that your structure needs to be flexible enough to Science, meet the requirements of your purpose and audience. You may also use the Resume Cover Format Writing, following Purdue OWL resources to help you with your argument paper: The introduction is the broad beginning of the paper that answers three important questions: What is this?

Why am I reading it? What do you want me to do? You should answer these questions by doing the Mother's Day Card, following: Set the context provide general information about the Resume Writing, main idea, explaining the situation so the reader can make sense of the topic and the claims you make and support State why the main idea is important tell the reader why he or she should care and keep reading. Your goal is to create a compelling, clear, and convincing essay people will want to read and act upon State your thesis / claim compose a sentence or two stating the position you will support with logos (sound reasoning: induction, deduction), pathos (balanced emotional appeal), and For Graduate | Samples Of Resumes ethos (author credibility). For exploratory essays, your primary research question would replace your thesis statement so that the audience understands why you began your inquiry. An overview of the Good Resume Cover Letter – Letter Format, types of sources you explored might follow your research question.

If your argument paper is long, you may want to Environmental Science Resume Sample, forecast how you will support your thesis by Resume Format Writing outlining the structure of your paper, the sources you will consider, and the opposition to your position. You can forecast your paper in many different ways depending on the type of 10+ Sample Family Budget Forms, paper you are writing. Your forecast could read something like this: First, I will define key terms for my argument, and then I will provide some background of the situation. Good Letter Format! Next I will outline the Love Novoselsky, important positions of the Letter Writing, argument and explain why I support one of these positions. Lastly, I will consider opposing positions and - Canva discuss why these positions are outdated. I will conclude with some ideas for Good Resume Letter Examples – Letter Format Writing taking action and possible directions for future research. When writing a research paper, you may need to For Graduate, use a more formal, less personal tone.

Your forecast might read like this: This paper begins by providing key terms for the argument before providing background of the situation. Next, important positions are outlined and Resume Cover – Letter Format Writing supported. Man I Love - Valery! To provide a more thorough explanation of these important positions, opposing positions are discussed. The paper concludes with some ideas for taking action and Good Cover Letter Examples – Letter Format Writing possible directions for future research. Ask your instructor about what tone you should use when providing a forecast for A Letter To The Love Novoselsky your paper.

These are very general examples, but by adding some details on Good Letter Examples – Letter Format Writing, your specific topic, a forecast will effectively outline the structure of Images On Pinterest Job Search And, your paper so your readers can more easily follow your ideas. Your thesis is Letter Examples Format Writing more than a general statement about Science your main idea. Resume – Letter Writing! It needs to establish a clear position you will support with balanced proofs (logos, pathos, ethos). 10+ Sample Budget Forms! Use the checklist below to help you create a thesis. This section is Cover Letter Format Writing adapted from Writing with a Thesis: A Rhetoric Reader by David Skwire and Sarah Skwire: Make sure you avoid the following when creating your thesis: A thesis is A Letter To The Man I Love - Valery not a title: Homes and schools (title) vs. Parents ought to participate more in the education of their children (good thesis). A thesis is not an announcement of the subject: My subject is the incompetence of the Supreme Court vs.

The Supreme Court made a mistake when it ruled in Resume Letter – Letter Writing favor of George W. Bush in the 2000 election. A thesis is Science Resume Sample not a statement of absolute fact: Jane Austen is the author of Pride and Resume Cover Examples Format Prejudice. Sample! A thesis is not the whole essay: A thesis is your main idea/claim/refutation/problem-solution expressed in a single sentence or a combination of sentences. Resume Cover – Letter Format! Please note that according to the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, Seventh Edition, A thesis statement is a single sentence that formulates both your topic and your point of view (Gibaldi 42). However, if your paper is Day Card - Canva more complex and requires a thesis statement, your thesis may require a combination of sentences.

Make sure you follow these guidelines when creating your thesis: _____ The thesis/claim follows the Cover Letter Examples – Letter Format Writing, guidelines outlined above. _____ The thesis/claim matches the requirements and goals of the assignment. _____ The thesis/claim is clear and Templates easily recognizable. _____ The thesis/claim seems supportable by good reasoning/data, emotional appeal. This resource outlines the generally accepted structure for introductions, body paragraphs, and conclusions in an academic argument paper. Keep in Resume Cover Format Writing mind that this resource contains guidelines and not strict rules about organization.

Your structure needs to be flexible enough to meet the Cv Advice | Cv Advice,, requirements of your purpose and audience. Body paragraphs: Moving from general to specific information. Your paper should be organized in Good Resume Examples – Letter Format Writing a manner that moves from general to specific information. Every time you begin a new subject, think of an inverted pyramid - The broadest range of information sits at 10+ Sample Family | Monthly Forms the top, and as the paragraph or paper progresses, the author becomes more and more focused on the argument ending with specific, detailed evidence supporting a claim. Lastly, the author explains how and why the information she has just provided connects to and supports her thesis (a brief wrap up or warrant). Image Caption: Moving from General to Specific Information. The four elements of Cover – Letter Writing, a good paragraph (TTEB) A good paragraph should contain at Mother's - Canva least the Letter Format, following four elements: T ransition, T opic sentence, specific E vidence and analysis, and Format For Graduate | Samples a B rief wrap-up sentence (also known as a warrant ) TTEB!

A T ransition sentence leading in from a previous paragraph to Good Examples – Letter Writing, assure smooth reading. This acts as a hand off from one idea to the next. A T opic sentence that tells the reader what you will be discussing in the paragraph. Specific E vidence and Resume For Graduate | Samples analysis that supports one of your claims and Resume Format Writing that provides a deeper level of detail than your topic sentence. A B rief wrap-up sentence that tells the reader how and why this information supports the paper’s thesis.

The brief wrap-up is also known as the Day Card, warrant. The warrant is important to your argument because it connects your reasoning and support to Good Cover Writing, your thesis, and it shows that the Family Budget | Monthly Budget Forms, information in the paragraph is related to your thesis and helps defend it. Supporting evidence (induction and deduction) Induction is the type of reasoning that moves from specific facts to a general conclusion. When you use induction in Cover Letter Format Writing your paper, you will state your thesis (which is actually the Cv Advice On Pinterest And, conclusion you have come to after looking at all the facts) and then support your thesis with the Good Letter Writing, facts. Science Sample! The following is an example of induction taken from Dorothy U. Seyler’s Understanding Argument : There is the dead body of Smith. Smith was shot in his bedroom between the Good Examples – Letter, hours of Maintenance Manager Resume, Job Description, Samples, 11:00 p.m. and 2:00 a.m., according to the coroner.

Smith was shot with a .32 caliber pistol. The pistol left in the bedroom contains Jones’s fingerprints. Jones was seen, by a neighbor, entering the Smith home at around 11:00 p.m. the night of Good, Smith’s death. A coworker heard Smith and Templates Jones arguing in Smith’s office the morning of the Good – Letter Format Writing, day Smith died. Conclusion: Jones killed Smith.

Here, then, is the example in bullet form: Conclusion: Jones killed Smith Support: Smith was shot by Jones’ gun, Jones was seen entering the scene of the crime, Jones and Mother's Templates - Canva Smith argued earlier in the day Smith died. Assumption: The facts are representative, not isolated incidents, and thus reveal a trend, justifying the conclusion drawn. When you use deduction in an argument, you begin with general premises and move to a specific conclusion. There is a precise pattern you must use when you reason deductively.

This pattern is called syllogistic reasoning (the syllogism). Syllogistic reasoning (deduction) is Good Resume Cover – Letter Format Writing organized in three steps: In order for the syllogism (deduction) to work, you must accept that the relationship of the two premises lead, logically, to the conclusion. Here are two examples of deduction or syllogistic reasoning: Major premise: All men are mortal. Minor premise: Socrates is a man. Conclusion: Socrates is mortal.

Major premise: People who perform with courage and clear purpose in a crisis are great leaders. Minor premise: Lincoln was a person who performed with courage and a clear purpose in a crisis. 10+ Sample Family | Monthly Budget! Conclusion: Lincoln was a great leader. So in order for deduction to work in the example involving Socrates, you must agree that (1) all men are mortal (they all die); and (2) Socrates is a man. Good Resume Cover Letter Examples – Letter Writing! If you disagree with either of these premises, the Manager Resume, Example,, conclusion is invalid. The example using Socrates isn’t so difficult to validate.

But when you move into more murky water (when you use terms such as courage , clear purpose , and great ), the connections get tenuous. For example, some historians might argue that Lincoln didn’t really shine until a few years into the Civil War, after many Union losses to Southern leaders such as Robert E. Letter Format Writing! Lee. The following is To The Love a clear example of deduction gone awry: Major premise: All dogs make good pets. Minor premise: Doogle is a dog. Good Resume Letter Writing! Conclusion: Doogle will make a good pet. If you don’t agree that all dogs make good pets, then the Maintenance Resume, Example, Samples, conclusion that Doogle will make a good pet is invalid. When a premise in a syllogism is missing, the syllogism becomes an enthymeme.

Enthymemes can be very effective in argument, but they can also be unethical and lead to invalid conclusions. Authors often use enthymemes to persuade audiences. The following is an example of an Good Resume Cover enthymeme: If you have a plasma TV, you are not poor. The first part of the enthymeme (If you have a plasma TV) is the stated premise. The second part of the statement (you are not poor) is the conclusion. So the unstated premise is “Only rich people have plasma TVs.” The enthymeme above leads us to an invalid conclusion (people who own plasma TVs are not poor) because there are plenty of people who own plasma TVs who are poor.

Let’s look at this enthymeme in a syllogistic structure: Major premise: People who own plasma TVs are rich (unstated above). Minor premise: You own a plasma TV. Conclusion: You are not poor. To help you understand how induction and deduction can work together to form a solid argument, you may want to look at the United States Declaration of Independence. The first section of the Format Of Resumes, Declaration contains a series of syllogisms, while the middle section is an inductive list of examples. The final section brings the first and second sections together in a compelling conclusion. This resource outlines the generally accepted structure for introductions, body paragraphs, and conclusions in an academic argument paper. Keep in mind that this resource contains guidelines and not strict rules about organization. Your structure needs to Good Letter – Letter Format Writing, be flexible enough to meet the requirements of A Letter Man I Love - Valery, your purpose and audience.

In order to present a fair and convincing message, you may need to anticipate, research, and outline some of the common positions (arguments) that dispute your thesis. If the situation (purpose) calls for you to do this, you will present and then refute these other positions in Resume – Letter Format the rebuttal section of your essay. It is important to consider other positions because in most cases, your primary audience will be fence-sitters. Day Card - Canva! Fence-sitters are people who have not decided which side of the Resume Examples Writing, argument to support. People who are on your side of the argument will not need a lot of information to Science Sample, align with your position. People who are completely against Good Cover Letter Examples Format, your argumentperhaps for ethical or religious reasonswill probably never align with your position no matter how much information you provide.

Therefore, the audience you should consider most important are those people who haven't decided which side of the argument they will supportthe fence-sitters. In many cases, these fence-sitters have not decided which side to align with because they see value in both positions. Therefore, to not consider opposing positions to your own in a fair manner may alienate fence-sitters when they see that you are not addressing their concerns or discussion opposing positions at all. Following the TTEB method outlined in the Body Paragraph section, forecast all the information that will follow in the rebuttal section and then move point by point through the other positions addressing each one as you go. The outline below, adapted from Seyler's Understanding Argument , is an Resume Sample example of a rebuttal section from Good Resume Format a thesis essay. When you rebut or refute an opposing position, use the following three-part organization: The opponent’s argument : Usually, you should not assume that your reader has read or remembered the argument you are refuting. Thus at the beginning of your paragraph, you need to state, accurately and fairly, the Sample Httpwwwresumecareerinfo, main points of the argument you will refute. Your position : Next, make clear the nature of your disagreement with the argument or position you are refuting.

Your position might assert, for Good Cover Letter – Letter example, that a writer has not proved his assertion because he has provided evidence that is Day Card outdated, or that the argument is filled with fallacies. Your refutation : The specifics of your counterargument will depend upon the nature of Good Resume Letter Format Writing, your disagreement. | Monthly Budget Forms! If you challenge the writer’s evidence, then you must present the more recent evidence. If you challenge assumptions, then you must explain why they do not hold up. If your position is that the piece is filled with fallacies, then you must present and explain each fallacy. This resource outlines the generally accepted structure for introductions, body paragraphs, and conclusions in Resume Cover Examples Format an academic argument paper. Keep in Resume, Example, mind that this resource contains guidelines and not strict rules about organization. Resume Format Writing! Your structure needs to be flexible enough to meet the requirements of Maintenance Manager Resume, Job Description, Samples, your purpose and audience. Conclusions wrap up what you have been discussing in your paper. After moving from general to specific information in the introduction and body paragraphs, your conclusion should begin pulling back into Good Cover Examples Format, more general information that restates the main points of your argument.

Conclusions may also call for Templates action or overview future possible research. Good Examples Format! The following outline may help you conclude your paper: In a general way, Restate your topic and why it is important, Restate your thesis/claim, Address opposing viewpoints and explain why readers should align with your position, Call for action or overview future research possibilities. Remember that once you accomplish these tasks, unless otherwise directed by your instructor, you are finished. Done. Complete. Don't try to bring in new points or end with a whiz bang(!) conclusion or try to solve world hunger in the final sentence of your conclusion. Simplicity is best for a clear, convincing message. The preacher's maxim is one of the 21 Best Cv Advice Images Advice, And, most effective formulas to follow for argument papers: Tell what you're going to tell them (introduction).

Tell them what you told them (conclusion). Copyright 1995-2017 by The Writing Lab The OWL at Resume – Letter Format Purdue and Purdue University. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use.

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Andy Rooney: In Praise of Good Examples Format Older Women. Claim: 60 Minutes commentator Andy Rooney wrote an essay #8216;In Praise of Older Women.#8217; Example: [Collected via e-mail, 2003] In Praise of Older Women. As I grow in age, I value women who are over 40 most of Man I Love - Valery all. Here are just a few reasons why: A woman over 40 will never wake you in the middle of the Good Letter Examples – Letter Format, night to A Letter Love - Valery Novoselsky, ask, #8220;What are you thinking?#8221; She doesn#8217;t care what you think. If a woman over 40 doesn#8217;t want to watch the game, she doesn#8217;t sit around whining about it. She does something she wants to do. And it#8217;s usually something more interesting.

A woman over 40 knows herself well enough to Good Resume Letter – Letter Format, be assured in Maintenance Resume, Job Description, who she is, what she is, what she wants and from whom. Few women past the age of 40 give a damn what you might think about her or what she#8217;s doing. Women over Cover Examples Format 40 are dignified. They seldom have a screaming match with you at the opera or in the middle of an Resume Format School | Samples Of Resumes, expensive restaurant. Of course, if you deserve it, they won#8217;t hesitate to shoot you if they think they can get away with it#8230; Older women are generous with praise, often undeserved. – Letter Format! They know what it#8217;s like to be unappreciated. Women get psychic as they age. You never have to confess your sins to a woman over 40. They always know.

A woman over 40 looks good wearing bright red lipstick. This is not true of To The - Valery Novoselsky younger women or drag queens. Once you get past a wrinkle or two, a woman over 40 is far sexier than her younger counterpart. Resume Cover Examples – Letter Format Writing! Older women are forthright and honest. They#8217;ll tell you right off you are a jerk if you are acting like one. You don#8217;t ever have to wonder where you stand with her#8230;. Yes, we praise women over Environmental Httpwwwresumecareerinfo 40 for a multitude of reasons.

Unfortunately, it#8217;s not always reciprocal. For every stunning, smart, well-coiffed, hot woman of 40+, there is a bald, paunchy relic in yellow pants making a fool of himself with some 22-year-old waitress. Ladies, I apologize for all of us. Origins: Andy Rooney, the curmudgeonly commentator who for many years closed every Sunday broadcast of television#8217;s 60 Minutes news magazine with a (typically sardonic) essay about some aspect of everyday life, was thanks to the Internet as well known for what he hasn#8217;t said as he is for what he really had said. The piece quoted above, an essay #8220;In Praise of Older Women,#8221; is another portion of his #8220;hasn#8217;t said#8221; fame.

This item was not penned by Andy Rooney (who passed away at the age of Good Resume Cover Examples – Letter Writing 92 on Resume For Graduate | Samples 4 November 2011); it is an embellished version of a piece created by Frank Kaiser, a columnist whose Suddenly Senior articles are published on his web site and syndicated to a variety of newspapers across the U.S. Baltimore Sun writer Susan Reimer contacted Andy Rooney, who told her: #8220;It just bugs me that anybody would put my name on Good Resume Cover Letter Writing something I didn#8217;t write,#8221; said Rooney from his New York office. He#8217;s been the object of this kind of hoax before, and A Letter Man I another, he said, had just crossed his desk. I asked him if he shared the Cover Letter – Letter Format Writing, author#8217;s affection for older women, and he said, #8220;Not particularly.#8221; In October 2005, in his weekly 60 Minutes commentary, Andy Rooney said this of the piece: A saccharine collection of comments called ‘ANDY ROONEY ON OLDER WOMEN’ has had wide circulation. I was pleased by how many people wrote to say they didn#8217;t believe I wrote it. The true author, Frank Kaiser, had this to say about the misattribution: I actually wrote it in 2000 but about a year ago [i.e., in 2002], I started seeing it come back to Sample Httpwwwresumecareerinfo, me in e-mails attributed to Good Cover Letter Examples – Letter, Andy Rooney. It didn#8217;t bother me too much.

That#8217;s sort of the nature of the Internet. I wrote him and 10+ Sample Family Budget Forms made a joke about it and he called me. You know, he#8217;s just as cantankerous on the phone as he is on Cover Examples – Letter Format the air. Frank Kaiser#8217;s original piece read as follows: One of the perks of dufferdom is an increased capacity to appreciate people. Friends. Spouses. And, for me, women.

All women. School! When I was 20, I had eyes only for Cover girls my age. Any woman over 30 was ancient, over 40 invisible. Today, at Science Sample Httpwwwresumecareerinfo 65, I still appreciate the 20-year-old for her youthful looks, vigor, and (occasional) sweet innocence. But I equally enjoy women of Good Resume Cover Format Writing my own age and Environmental Sample beyond, and Cover Examples – Letter Format Writing every age in between. I’ve learned that each has its own special wonders, attractions, magic and beauty. As I grow in Images On Pinterest | Cv Advice, age, I value older women most of all. Here are just a few of the reasons senior men sing the praises of older women: An older woman will never wake you in the middle of the night to Resume Cover Letter – Letter, ask, #8220;What are you thinking?#8221; An older woman doesn#8217;t care what you think. An older woman knows herself well enough to be assured in who she is, what she is, what she wants, and from whom. By the age of 50, few women are wishy-washy. About anything.

Thank God! An older woman looks great wearing bright red lipstick even in glaring sunlight. This is Mother's - Canva not true of younger women or drag queens. And yes, once you get past a wrinkle or two, an older woman is far sexier than her younger counterpart! Her libido’s stronger. Her fear of pregnancy gone. Her appreciation of experienced lovemaking is honed and reciprocal. And she#8217;s lived long enough to know how to Good Letter – Letter, please a man in ways her daughter could never dream of. (Young men, you have something to look forward to!) Older women are forthright and honest. They#8217;ll tell you right off that you are a jerk if you#8217;re acting like one. Cv Advice Images Job Search And! A young woman will say nothing, caring what you might think of her.

An older woman doesn#8217;t give a damn. An older, single woman usually has had her fill of #8220;meaningful relationships#8221; and #8220;commitment.#8221; Can#8217;t relate? Can#8217;t commit? She could care less. Resume Format! The last thing she needs in Job Description, her life is another dopey, clingy, whiny, dependent lover!

Older women are dignified. Resume Letter – Letter! They seldom contemplate having a screaming match with you at A Letter To The Love Novoselsky the opera or in the middle of an expensive restaurant. Of course, if you deserve it, they won#8217;t hesitate to shoot you if they think they can get away with it. Most older women cook well. They care about cleanliness. Good Cover Letter Format! They#8217;re generous with praise, often undeserved.

An older woman has the self-assurance to introduce you to her women friends. A young woman with a man often will ignore even her best friend because she doesn#8217;t trust the guy with other women. The older woman couldn’t care less. Sample! Women get psychic as they age. You never have to Good Resume Cover Examples Writing, confess your sins to Day Card Templates, an older woman. They always just know. Yes, we geezers praise older women for a multitude of Cover Letter Examples – Letter Writing reasons. These are but a few. Unfortunately, it#8217;s not reciprocal. For every stunning, smart, well-coifed babe of 70 there#8217;s a bald, paunchy relic in yellow pants making a fool of himself with some 22-year-old waitress. Ladies, I apologize for us.

That men are genetically inferior is no secret. Count your blessings that we die off at a far younger age, leaving you the best part of your lives to enjoy and appreciate the Manager Job Description,, exquisite woman you#8217;ve become. Without the distraction of some demanding old fart clinging and whining his way into Letter Examples – Letter Writing, your serenity. Another celebrated encomium to older women was penned by a famous American statesman over 250 years earlier, when Benjamin Franklin wrote the A Letter To The - Valery Novoselsky, piece known to us as #8220;Old Mistresses#8217; Apologue#8221;: I know of no Medicine fit to diminish the violent natural Inclinations you mention; and if I did, I think I should not communicate it to Good, you. Marriage is the proper Remedy. Sample! It is the most natural State of Good Letter Examples – Letter Writing Man, and therefore the State in Cv Advice On Pinterest Job Search which you are most likely to Letter Examples Format Writing, find solid Happiness. Your Reasons against entring into it at present, appear to me not well-founded. The circumstantial Advantages you have in View by postponing it, are not only Family Budget uncertain, but they are small in comparison with that of the Thing itself, the being married and settled. It is the Man and Woman united that make the compleat human Being. Separate, she wants his Force of Body and Strength of Reason; he, her Softness, Sensibility and Good Resume Writing acute Discernment. Love! Together they are more likely to Resume Letter Examples Format, succeed in the World.

A single Man has not nearly the Value he would have in that State of Union. He is an incomplete Animal. | Monthly! He resembles the Good Cover Letter Examples – Letter Format Writing, odd Half of a Pair of Maintenance Manager Job Description, Scissars. If you get a prudent healthy Wife, your Industry in your Profession, with her good Economy, will be a Fortune sufficient. Resume Cover Letter – Letter Format! But if you will not take this Counsel, and persist in thinking a Commerce with the Science Sample Httpwwwresumecareerinfo, Sex inevitable, then I repeat my former Advice, that in all your Amours you should prefer old Women to young ones.

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Cellular and molecular pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus: lessons from animal models. © BioMed Central Ltd 2011. Published: 30 September 2011. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is Good Resume Letter Examples Format Writing, a complex disease characterized by the appearance of autoantibodies against nuclear antigens and the involvement of multiple organ systems, including the kidneys. The precise immunological events that trigger the onset of clinical manifestations of 21 Best Images | Cv Advice, Job Search And SLE are not yet well understood. However, research using various mouse strains of spontaneous and inducible lupus in Good Resume Cover Letter – Letter Format Writing, the last two decades has provided insights into the role of the immune system in the pathogenesis of this disease. According to our present understanding, the Love - Valery Novoselsky, immunological defects resulting in the development of SLE can be categorized into two phases: (a) systemic autoimmunity resulting in increased serum antinuclear and antiglomerular autoantibodies and Good Resume Examples – Letter Format Writing (b) immunological events that occur within the target organ and Format School result in end organ damage. Cover – Letter Writing. Aberrations in A Letter To The Love Novoselsky, the innate as well as adaptive arms of the immune system both play an important role in the genesis and progression of lupus. Here, we will review the present understanding - as garnered from studying mouse models - about the roles of various immune cells in lupus pathogenesis. Pathogenic mechanisms of systemic lupus . Different subpopulations of Good Resume Cover Examples – Letter Format immune cells interplay to directly or indirectly regulate other subpopulations by A Letter Man I - Valery, releasing different cytokines and other mediators of inflammation, thereby contributing to the progression of the Good Letter Examples – Letter Writing, systemic disease. 10+ Sample Family Budget | Monthly Forms. The hyperactivated leukocytes as well as the pathogenic autoantibodies and immune complexes resulting from the systemic disease ultimately play an important role in local autoimmunity and end organ disease within target organs like the kidneys.

Ab, antibody; BAFF, B-cell activation factor; DC, dendritic cell; IC, immune complex; IFN-I, interferon-I; IL-10, interleukin-10; M?, macrophage; MHC, major histocompatibility complex; self-Ag, self-antigen; TCR, T-cell receptor; TGF-?, transforming growth factor-beta. Systemic autoimmunity in systemic lupus erythematosus: handling of Good Cover Letter Examples – Letter Format Writing self-antigens. The presence of 21 Best On Pinterest And high titers of autoantibodies against Resume Letter Examples – Letter, nuclear antigens is the hallmark of SLE. Whereas there is Love Novoselsky, little evidence to Letter Examples indicate whether self-antigens in SLE are aberrant in sequence or structure, there is Mother's Templates, evidence that the aberrant handling of Resume Letter – Letter Writing self-antigens could facilitate lupus pathogenesis. Although apoptotic bodies are normally rapidly cleared with the help of the complement and Love - Valery Novoselsky other systems, defects in Good Cover, this clearance system could lead to the accumulation of apoptotic bodies and their prevalence in serum [ 1 ]. There have been limited reports that NZB/W F1 and MRL/lpr mice, which spontaneously develop a lupus-like disease, have high serum levels of nucleosomes [ 2 , 3 ]. Non-autoimmune C3H, BALB/c, and Httpwwwresumecareerinfo C57BL/6 mouse strains, when injected with apoptotic bodies, developed serum autoantibodies similar to those seen in SLE [ 4 ]. Although these studies warrant independent confirmation, they support the notion that apoptotic cells could harbor the immunogens responsible for antinuclear antibody formation. Moreover, mice with defects in genes that play an important role in the clearance of apoptotic bodies, like DNase I, serum amyloid protein P (SAP), sIgM, or tyrosine kinase c-mer, all develop SLE-like disease with elevated levels of antinuclear antibodies [ 5 – 8 ]. These data support the hypothesis that the inefficient clearance of apoptotic bodies could be one factor leading to the development of SLE. The important role of the complement system and FcR in Cover Examples – Letter Format, the process of clearing apoptotic materials has also been recently documented. Environmental Sample. Thus, C1q-deficient mice exhibit impaired internalization of apoptotic cells by peritoneal macrophages and develop proliferative glomerulonephritis characterized by Good Resume Format Writing, high levels of apoptotic cell bodies [ 9 ]. Cells of the adaptive immune system as mediators of systemic autoimmunity in systemic lupus erythematosus. B lymphocytes in systemic lupus erythematosus. Autoantibodies are major contributors to Mother's - Canva end organ damage as illustrated by the glomerulonephritis associated with antinuclear and anti-glomerular antibodies, congenital heart block associated with anti-Ro antibody, and thrombosis associated with anti-cardiolipin antibodies [ 10 ]. Letter Examples – Letter Format Writing. However, B cells can contribute to SLE pathogenesis through additional pathways.

For example, lupus-prone MRL/lpr mice that are made B cell-deficient exhibit a markedly attenuated disease. These mice have an absence of autoantibodies, as expected, but also display a dramatic lack in Environmental, T-cell activation. This study, by Shlomchik and Cover Letter Examples – Letter Format Writing colleagues [ 11 ], implied an essential role for Environmental Httpwwwresumecareerinfo B cells, but not necessarily autoantibodies, in Letter, the pathogenesis of lupus [ 11 ]. In another study, Shlomchik and colleagues [ 12 ] used MRL/lpr mice expressing a mutant immunoglobulin (Ig) that cannot be secreted, thus essentially prohibiting autoantibody generation, and showed that those mice still developed nephritis and Environmental Sample Httpwwwresumecareerinfo vasculitis with associated T-cell activation. That study convincingly showed that B cells may contribute to the development of Good Resume Letter Examples – Letter lupus in Science Httpwwwresumecareerinfo, ways that are independent of autoantibodies. The additional role of Good Resume Letter Examples – Letter Format Writing B cells as antigen-presenting cells that mediate T-cell activation in Maintenance Manager Resume, Example, Samples, lupus comes from MRL/lpr mice studies showing that B-cell deficiency leads to reduced CD4 + and Good Resume Letter Examples – Letter Format Writing CD8 + T-cell activation [ 13 ].

Besides secreting proinflammatory cytokines like interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interferon-gamma (IFN-?), B cells may secrete IL-10, which has an anti-inflammatory function. Therefore, B cells that secrete IL-10 (or B10 cells) have been called regulatory B cells and were first reported in B10.PL mice in which IL-10-producing B cells were found to regulate the severity of experimental auto-immune encephalitis [ 14 ]. In murine lupus, IL-10 deficiency was found to Resume For Graduate School contribute to more severe disease with an increase in Th1 cytokine levels [ 15 ]. A recent study using CD19 -/- NZB/W mice reported that B10 cells could induce expansion of Cover Letter Format Writing regulatory T cells, a subset of T cells with immunosuppressive function [ 16 ]. - Canva. However, data from human lupus reveal a different facet of IL-10. Good Resume Cover – Letter Format Writing. In the case of human SLE, studies suggest that IL-10 promotes rather than inhibits lupus [ 17 ]. A better understanding of the role of IL-10-producing B cells and the mechanism of action of IL-10 is required to explain the differences between the murine and human data. Mouse models have helped delineate the molecular mechanisms through which self- reactive B cells might arise. Format | Samples. Sle1 is a lupus susceptibility locus derived from the NZM2410 mouse strain. Using Sle1 congenic C57Bl6 mice, Kumar and Resume Examples Format colleagues [ 18 ] reported that the auto-immune-associated variant of the Ly108 gene, a member of the SLAM family of immune cell receptors which lies within the Manager Resume, Example, Samples, Sle1 locus, leads to loss of B-cell tolerance because of Letter Examples Format Writing impaired negative selection of autoreactive B cells at the immature B-cell stage. On the other hand, increased B-cell signaling, especially in the case of mature peripheral B cells, has been implicated in the pathogenesis of humoral autoimmunity.

Mice that are deficient in various inhibitory molecules that dampen B-cell receptor (BCR) signaling, such as SHP-1 [ 19 ], Lyn [ 20 ], or Fc?RIIb [ 21 ], develop systemic autoimmunity. Mice over-expressing molecules that strengthen BCR signaling, such as CD19, also develop autoimmunity [ 22 ]. Recent studies have implicated a class of immune system receptors called Toll-like receptors (TLRs) in the synergistic activation of B cells by BCR and Resume For Graduate | Samples Of Resumes TLR signaling. Simultaneous engagement of Examples BCRs that are specific for DNA by nuclear antigens that are abundant in apoptotic material and TLR9 on B cells causes activation of both BCR and TLR signaling pathways [ 23 ]. Environmental Science. In the Good Resume Cover Format, NZB/W and MRL/lpr mouse models of lupus, activation of TLR9 with a synthetic DNA ligand causes accelerated nephritis with increased anti-DNA antibody levels [ 24 ]. On the other hand, TLR9-deficient autoimmune mouse models exhibit lower levels of anti-double-stranded DNA (anti-dsDNA) and anti-chromatin antibody [ 25 ]. Family. Similarly, B cells possessing BCRs specific for RNA could be synergistically activated by BCR and TLR7 signaling [ 26 ]. These findings were supported by research in the BXSB mouse model of lupus. Duplication of the TLR7 gene in the Yaa lupus susceptibility locus leads to increased gene dosage effects that contribute to Good Resume Cover – Letter Format the lupus-like phenotype seen in this model [ 27 ]. Defects that may lead to increased survival of autoreactive B cells have also been found to contribute to the development of autoimmunity.

B-cell activation factor (BAFF) is a major B-cell survival factor that functions particularly at the transitional B-cell stage. BAFF transgenic mice develop a lupus-like disease with expansion of the Resume For Graduate School Of Resumes, peripheral B-cell pool and heightened production of autoantibodies [ 28 ]. Increased BAFF levels are thought to infringe the negative selection checkpoint at the T1 transitional stage, thereby allowing the survival and maturation of Good Resume Writing autoreactive B cells in the periphery and their participation in Environmental Httpwwwresumecareerinfo, the germinal center reaction. These findings are supported by the observations that lupus-prone mice exhibit elevated serum BAFF levels and that administration of TACI-Ig, which acts as a soluble receptor for BAFF, is Good Resume Letter Examples Writing, effective in Mother's Day Card Templates, treating murine lupus [ 29 ]. T lymphocytes in systemic lupus erythematosus. The obligatory role of T cells in lupus pathogenesis has been demonstrated by using several genetically engineered mouse models [ 30 ]. Lupus T cells are likely to contribute to Letter Examples – Letter Writing disease through contact-dependent mechanisms (mediated by CD40L:CD40, OX40L:OX40, and so on) as well as released cytokines [ 30 ]. One important cytokine secreted by Manager Resume, Job Description,, the Th1 cells is IFN-?, which plays a pivotal role in Good Resume Cover Letter Examples, the production of pathogenic isotypes of Httpwwwresumecareerinfo antinuclear autoantibodies in murine lupus models. Good Resume Cover Letter Examples – Letter Format. Expression of IFN-? in the skin of Environmental Science Sample transgenic mice leads to the production of anti-DNA and anti-Sm auto-antibodies [ 31 ]. A deficiency of IFN-? in MRL/lpr and NZB/W lupus-prone mice leads to Resume Cover Letter Examples Writing reduced anti-DNA antibody levels [ 32 , 33 ]. | Cv Advice, And. In support of Resume Cover Letter – Letter Format these findings, blocking the IFN-? receptor with monoclonal antibodies or soluble IFN-? receptor reduces disease activity in lupus-prone mice [ 34 , 35 ]. CD4 + T h17 cells are a recently described CD4 + T-cell subset that appears to mediate pathogenesis in some lupus mouse models [ 36 ]. Family Budget | Monthly Budget Forms. However, it has become clear that the contribution of Th17 cells to autoimmunity is far more complex, depending on the disease and mouse model [ 37 ]. Studies in Good Resume Cover Examples Format Writing, patients with SLE or related diseases have demonstrated that Th17 cells may have a role in disease development in some, but not all, patients [ 38 ]. Given the heterogeneity of the Day Card - Canva, disease, it may be possible that Th17 cells play a role in Cover Examples Format, lupus pathogenesis in a genetically defined subset of subjects or in particular end organ manifestations and that anti-IL -17 therapy may be helpful specifically in those patients. In addition, the regulatory T cell subset appears to modulate the Budget | Monthly Budget, breakdown of T-cell tolerance in lupus [ 39 ]. Clearly, we need to gain a better understanding of how pathogenic T cells (Th17 cells) and Cover – Letter Format Writing regulatory T cells, perhaps in yinyang fashion, dictate disease activity in Day Card Templates - Canva, lupus. Innate immune cells as mediators of systemic autoimmunity in systemic lupus erythematosus. The important role of the Resume Cover Letter Examples – Letter, innate immune system in SLE pathogenesis has only recently been appreciated.

Described below are the possible roles played by 21 Best Cv Advice Images On Pinterest Advice, Job Search, three key cell types in the innate immune system. Monocytes/macrophages from Cover Letter Examples Format Writing patients with lupus have been found to For Graduate | Samples have a reduced capacity to phagocytose apoptotic materials [ 40 ], and their numbers were reduced in the inflammatory exudates from patients with SLE [ 41 ]. It was postulated, on the basis of those studies, that the Good Format Writing, defective phagocytosis of monocytes/macrophages contributed to inefficient clearing of Environmental Sample apoptotic materials, leading to autoimmunity [ 42 ], a notion that is Examples Writing, supported by mice lacking the myeloid cell receptors, Tyro3, Axl, and Mer receptor tyrosine kinases [ 43 , 44 ]. And. Whereas c-mer knockout mice exhibited increased anti-dsDNA autoantibody levels without any significant renal pathology [ 43 ], Tyro3/Axl/Mer triple-knockout mice exhibited high levels of autoantibodies along with multiple end organ involvement [ 44 ]. Monocytes/macrophages can contribute to disease in another important way: through the elaboration of proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines. This is illustrated by macrophages from B6. Sle3 congenic mice, in Resume Letter – Letter, which Sle3 is 10+ Sample | Monthly Budget Forms, a lupus susceptibility locus derived from the NZM2410 lupus-prone strain [ 45 ]. These murine studies showed that monocytes/macrophages in lupus probably have defects beyond abnormal phagocytosis and that these cells may take part in aberrant regulation of the immune system. A study by Cover Letter – Letter, Kilmon and colleagues [ 46 ] demonstrated that macrophages regulate B-cell tolerance by secreting regulatory factors like IL-6 and CD40L and that macrophages from lupus-prone MRL/lpr mice are less capable of | Monthly repressing Ig secretion coincident with reduced secretion of these repressive factors.

Collectively, these findings implicate a more significant role for monocytes/macrophages in Good Cover Format Writing, the pathogenesis of lupus, but further studies in A Letter To The Man I Love Novoselsky, patients with SLE are necessary to Examples Writing substantiate these findings. Polymorphonuclear cells in systemic lupus erythematosus. A neutrophil-specific gene expression signature was reported to correlate positively with SLE disease activity in patients with SLE [ 47 ], suggesting that these cells may play an Mother's important role in SLE pathogenesis. The exact mechanism by Good Cover Letter – Letter Writing, which this occurs is A Letter, not yet clear. However, a recent study demonstrated that neutrophil extracellular traps, which are networks of DNA, histones, and neutrophil proteins that function primarily to trap microorganisms, may be involved in SLE pathogenesis, possibly by generating autoantigens and serving as adjuvants [ 48 ]. The role of neutrophils in Resume Cover Letter – Letter Format, murine lupus, unlike that in human lupus, is poorly studied.

Dendritic cells in systemic lupus erythematosus. Studies in mouse models have been pivotal in Day Card, determining the Good Resume Letter – Letter Writing, role that dendritic cells (DCs) play in the pathogenesis of lupus. One of the earliest findings implicating the putative role of Samples DCs in Cover Examples Format Writing, the breakdown of tolerance was that transferring DCs from normal donor mice to To The Man I - Valery Novoselsky normal recipient mice could cause loss of Good Resume Cover Examples Writing tolerance in the host, leading to the appearance of anti-DNA and anticardiolipin autoantibodies [ 49 ]. Environmental. A study by Chen and colleagues [ 50 ] showed that mice with defective DC apoptosis accumulated large numbers of Good Cover Letter Examples – Letter Writing DCs and Budget | Monthly Forms exhibited chronic lymphocyte activation and systemic autoimmunity. Other studies using murine models have helped in identifying the genetic loci responsible for imparting the abnormal phenotypes seen in Resume Cover Examples, DCs from lupus-prone mice. One such locus is Sle3 , which is a lupus susceptibility locus derived from the NZM2410 strain of lupus-prone mice. C57BL/6 (B6) mice congenic for Sle3 develop moderate glomerulonephritis along with modest levels of 21 Best Cv Advice Images On Pinterest Job Search And antinuclear antibodies [ 51 ]. Cover Writing. Moreover, the DCs from Maintenance Samples B6.

Sle3 congenics are less susceptible to apoptosis, have a more mature phenotype, and are more proinflammatory. They are also more efficient in stimulating T cells in vitro and eliciting autoantibodies in vivo compared with DCs from normal B6 mice [ 45 ]. These studies provided insights into genetic factors and immune mechanisms related to abnormal DC activation in murine lupus. Studies have also shown that DCs play an important role in SLE pathogenesis by secreting potent proinflammatory cytokines, such as type I IFNs (IFN-?) [ 52 ]. Immune complexes (ICs) purified from Resume Cover Examples Format sera of patients with SLE were found to stimulate plasmacytoid DCs (pDCs) to Resume Sample produce IFN-? [ 53 ]. Later studies revealed a possible role of TLRs as potent inducers of Good Resume Letter IFN-? production by activated pDCs in lupus. Budget. IFN-? secreted by Resume Examples Format Writing, activated pDCs was found to directly influence B cells to produce antibodies of the Format For Graduate School Of Resumes, IgG subclass against soluble autoantigens in mice [ 54 ]. – Letter Writing. This cytokine also upregulated BAFF expression by monocytes and mature DCs, which promotes both the survival of 21 Best | Cv Job Search autoreactive B cells and their differentiation into plasmablasts [ 55 ]. Together, these reciprocal events lead to a pathogenic cycle, in Good Cover Letter Examples Format, which both the innate and Resume Format | Samples adaptive immune systems cooperate and feedback upon each other, eventually leading to Good Letter Examples Format Writing high titers of Environmental Science Resume autoantibodies. Local autoimmunity in Resume Cover Format Writing, systemic lupus erythematosus. SLE is an Resume For Graduate School | Samples Of Resumes autoimmune disease that affects multiple organ systems, including the Good Cover Letter – Letter Writing, kidney, skin, heart, lung, and hematopoietic and nervous systems. As reviewed below and illustrated in Figure 1 , the Format | Samples Of Resumes, players mediating local autoimmunity and renal disease in lupus can be classified broadly as (a) ICs and infiltrating cells of hematological origin and (b) resident cells of the kidneys. Role of immune complexes and Good Resume Letter Examples – Letter Format Writing infiltrating cells of Day Card - Canva hematological origin in lupus nephritis. Anti-DNA and DNA ICs were the Resume Letter Format, first ICs isolated from kidney elutes of patients with SLE and 21 Best Cv Advice On Pinterest | Cv Job Search And mouse models [ 56 ]. Intraperitoneal injection of human and murine anti-DNA antibodies was found to trigger lupuslike kidney disease [ 57 ], establishing a direct role of Good Cover Examples – Letter Format these antibodies in | Cv Advice, Job Search, the pathogenesis of lupus nephritis. Similarly, transgenic overexpression of Ig anti-DNA antibodies in mouse models can lead to renal pathology similar to that seen in human lupus nephritis, highlighting a causal role for autoantibodies in the development of lupus nephritis [ 58 ]. Various mechanisms have been proposed to Good Examples Format Writing explain how anti-DNA antibodies may lead to renal disease in lupus [ 59 ]. Anti-DNA antibodies can form ICs with DNA/nucleosomes released from apoptotic cells.

Eventually, ICs become deposited in the kidney, leading to the initiation of To The a local inflammatory response through Fc?R-or complement-mediated mechanisms or both. Alternately, anti-DNA antibodies may bind to DNA/nucleosomes that have been trapped or 'planted' in Cover, the kidney glomerulus. A third mechanism suggests possible cross-reactivity between anti-DNA antibodies and local renal antigens like laminin, alpha-actinin, and heparan sulfate [ 60 ]. Other studies have shown that anti-DNA antibodies are not an absolute requirement for development of SLE. NZM2328.Lc4 mice exhibit lupus-like disease with glomerular IC deposits and eventually develop fatal lupus nephritis.

These mice exhibit no anti-DNA antibody in A Letter Love - Valery, their serum or in Resume Cover – Letter Format, kidney eluates, demonstrating that anti-DNA antibodies are not essential for the development of lupus nephritis [ 61 ]. Antibodies obtained from the kidney elutes of these mice reacted with various renal antigens, but none was specific for dsDNA [ 62 ]. Another study eluted Igs from renal tissues obtained from patients with lupus at autopsy and screened the Igs against a panel of 14 different antigens, which included dsDNA, chromatin, Sm, SSA, SSB, and histones [ 63 ]. These authors found that only Mother's Day Card 0.3% to 41.3% of total kidney-eluted IgG reacted with these antigens. Good Resume Cover Letter – Letter. Therefore, a vast majority of Day Card Templates - Canva renal antibodies bind to yet-unknown antigens. In support of this idea, a study using a glomerular proteome array showed that serum from lupus mice and patients reacts with multiple nuclear and matrix-derived autoantigens [ 64 ]. Role of lymphoid cells in Resume Examples Format Writing, lupus nephritis. Lymphoid aggregates with T cells and B cells have been observed within the kidneys afflicted by lupus nephritis, although their intrarenal roles remain to Templates - Canva be fully appreciated. T cells also play a major role in pathogenesis of SLE. Using MRL/lpr mice, Chan and colleagues [ 12 ] showed that mice lacking secreted Ig, but having B cells with a transgenic BCR, still exhibit renal disease. In another study, Schiffer and colleagues [ 65 ] treated NZB/W F1 mice that had established nephritis with CTLA4Ig; this led to disease remission with a significant delay in Resume – Letter Format, mortality. Using a transgenic mouse model system, Heymann and A Letter To The Man I Novoselsky colleagues [ 66 ] demonstrated that both cytotoxic T (Tc) cells and Th cells have direct roles in glomerulonephritis. The authors used transgenic mice expressing the model antigens ovalbumin and hen egg lysozyme in glomerular epithelial cells called podocytes.

Co-injection of Good Resume Letter Examples – Letter Format Writing ovalbumin-specific transgenic CD8 + Tc and CD4 + Th cells into these mice resulted in periglomerular mononuclear infiltrates and inflammation of parietal epithelial cells, similar to Of Resumes lesions frequently observed in human chronic glomerulonephritis. The ovalbumin-specific CD8 + Tc cells were found to be activated and expanded in the renal lymph nodes, and the activation of T cells in turn could be prevented by depletion of DCs. Crosstalk between tubulointerstitial DCs and Good Cover Examples – Letter Th cells resulted in intrarenal cytokine and chemokine production and in 21 Best Cv Advice Images | Cv, recruitment of more Tc cells, monocyte-derived DCs, and macrophages. Resume Letter Examples Format. That study was the first direct evidence that glomerular antigen-specific Tc and 21 Best On Pinterest Advice, Th cells can induce glomerulonephritis in a process regulated by DCs. Although similar studies in the context of lupus nephritis are eagerly awaited, the above studies suggest that type IV hypersensitivity-driven mechanisms are likely to Resume Cover – Letter be important in Resume For Graduate School, mediating autoimmune nephritis. Kidneys of nephritic NZM2328 mice show high levels of expression of Th1-type cytokines like IFN-? and IL-12 [ 67 ]. Administration of IFN-?, a Th1 cytokine, to Examples – Letter Writing NZB/W F1 mice exacerbates disease, whereas the Templates - Canva, deficiency of IFN-? in Good Examples – Letter Writing, MRL/lpr mice ameliorates nephritis [ 32 , 34 ]. Similarly, inhibition of IL-18, a cytokine that induces IFN-? and other Th1 cytokines, was found to cause a significant reduction in Man I - Valery Novoselsky, lymphoproliferation and IFN-? production and resulted in a decrease in Good Resume Letter Writing, lupus nephritis [ 68 ]. These studies reinforce the concept that type IV hypersensitivity reactions may also contribute to lupus nephritis. Other studies have shown a possible role for IL-4, a Th2-type cytokine, in glomerulosclerosis in 21 Best | Cv Advice, And, which transgenic overexpression of Good Cover Examples Format Writing IL-4 was found to facilitate glomerulosclerosis [ 69 ]. In various studies, IL-4 was found to have a direct effect on fibroblast proliferation, collagen gene expression, and To The Love - Valery collagen synthesis [ 70 ]. Moreover, inhibition of IL-4 signaling in various lupus-prone mouse models was found to Resume Letter Format Writing protect mice from developing advanced nephritis in the presence of anti-DNA antibody and infiltrating inflammatory cells [ 32 ]. Format. Therefore, IL-4 appears to play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of glomerulosclerosis and chronic renal fibrosis in lupus by acting directly upon resident renal cells. Role of myeloid cells in lupus nephritis. Infiltration of DCs in the glomeruli and tubulointerstitial spaces of the kidneys has been reported in various murine models of nephritis, including NZB/W F1 [ 67 ], anti-glomerular basement membrane (anti-GBM) [ 71 ], and Resume Cover Letter Examples – Letter Format mice engineered to express a foreign antigen on podocytes [ 66 ]. DCs may promote lupus nephritis by Resume Format For Graduate School | Samples Of Resumes, several mechanisms.

One mechanism may be through migration of DCs to local lymph nodes and presentation of Letter Writing renal antigens to autoreactive lymphocytes in the local lymph nodes, thereby initiating an autoimmune response against renal autoantigens [ 72 ]. DCs may also secrete a variety of different proinflammatory and profibrotic cytokines like IL-6, IL-1, IL-18, IFN-?, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-?), and transforming growth factor-beta to promote renal inflammation and fibrosis [ 73 ]. Despite these possibilities, we do not currently understand the degree to which intrarenal DCs are important for Man I lupus pathogenesis or the exact mechanisms through which they operate. Similar to DCs, macrophages are recruited to Cover Examples Format the nephritic kidneys of Day Card Templates - Canva patients with SLE and lupus-prone mice [ 74 , 75 ] and influence the Good Cover Letter Examples Writing, progression of lupus nephritis. In a study using poly(I:C)-induced lupus nephritis in NZB/W mice, proliferative glomerulonephritis was found to Family Budget | Monthly Forms be associated with renalinfiltrating macrophages and renal expression of IFN-inducible genes, matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), and growth factors [ 76 ]. Glomerular crescent formation and renal MMP and growth factor expression were dependent on Good Resume Letter Format Writing, renal macrophages that expressed IL-10, MMPs, osteopontin, and Images various growth factors, including platelet-derived growth factor-C (PDGF-C) and heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor (HB-EGF) [ 76 ]. Cover – Letter Writing. These findings accord a potentially important role for Maintenance Manager macrophages as mediators of Cover – Letter Format Writing aggressive nephritis in lupus by Man I Novoselsky, driving the Good Resume Letter Examples – Letter, expression of Environmental Httpwwwresumecareerinfo various cytokines and growth factors in the kidney. Although macrophage depletion or transfer studies have not been reported in Good Letter – Letter, spontaneous lupus nephritis, this role has been examined further in a related murine nephritis model that shares pathogenic pathways with spontaneous lupus nephritis [ 77 ]: anti-GBM-induced nephritis. In the latter model, depletion and adoptive transfer studies have demonstrated a critical role for macrophages in the pathogenesis of nephritis [ 78 , 79 ]. By implanting renal tubular epithelial cells genetically modified to 21 Best Advice, produce colony-stimulating factor-1 (CSF-1) under the renal capsule of MRL/lpr mice, Kelley and colleagues [ 80 ] showed that CSF-1 and TNF-? released by tubular epithelial cells were responsible for promoting renal pathology by Format Writing, fostering macrophage accumulation. In a study using NZB/W lupus-prone mice, Schiffer and colleagues [ 75 ] identified an activated type II macrophage population as a key marker for proteinuria onset and disease remission and A Letter To The Man I Novoselsky suggested that therapy for lupus nephritis include strategies that prevent both activation of Good Examples – Letter Format monocytes and their migration to the kidney.

Neutrophils, another myeloid cell subtype, have also been shown to infiltrate nephritic kidneys and contribute to Maintenance Resume, Job Description, the pathogenesis of experimental nephritis [ 81 ], although their role in lupus nephritis is less well defined. Neutrophils release various proinflammatory cytokines [ 82 ] as well as proteases and reactive oxygen species that lead to acute inflammation and renal tissue injury [ 83 ]. Further studies in Good Letter – Letter Writing, murine models are clearly warranted. Role of resident renal cells in lupus nephritis. It is 21 Best Images On Pinterest | Cv, clear that many intrinsic renal cells, including podocytes and tubular epithelial cells, have the capacity to costimulate intrarenal T cells via ICAM-I, MHC-II, B-7, and/or CD40-mediated mechanisms [ 84 – 86 ] or by releasing pathogenic cytokines [ 87 ]. Resume Letter Examples – Letter Format. However, the extent to which these intrarenal costimulatory mechanisms and To The Man I cytokines are operative in spontaneous lupus nephritis remains unknown. Examples Format. On the other hand, the notion that intrinsic renal cells could be essential in mediating antibody-mediated nephritis is supported by bone marrow transfer or kidney transplant studies in 21 Best Cv Advice On Pinterest, mice challenged with anti-GBM sera [ 88 – 90 ]. These studies have defined the roles of MHC-II, INF-?, and Fn14 expression on intrinsic renal cells in Letter – Letter Format Writing, mediating nephritis. Overall, we have a very limited understanding of the role that intrinsic renal cells play in spontaneous lupus nephritis.

As discussed in this review, mouse models have proven to be indispensable for understanding the Family Forms, immunological and molecular basis of systemic autoimmunity in lupus. However, it is becoming increasingly clear that local autoimmunity in target organs and the responses that target organs play are equally important in disease pathogenesis. Murine models are also proving to be instrumental in helping us unravel the intricate mechanisms that underlie the end organ responses in lupus, although the Resume Cover Letter Examples – Letter, specific roles of various cell types warrant systematic investigation. Mouse models have also enhanced our understanding of the respective roles of various cells and molecules in the innate immune system and the interplay between the innate and adaptive immune systems in lupus pathogenesis. The challenge ahead is to better define the cellular and molecular players orchestrating lupus and to translate our improved understanding of lupus pathogenesis into better rationalized therapeutics targeting selected cells or molecules (or both) that facilitate lupus. Autoimmune Basis of Templates Rheumatic Diseases. This article is part of Good a series on Systemic lupus erythematosus , edited by David Pisetsky, which can be found online at 10+ Sample Family Budget This series forms part of a special collection of – Letter Writing reviews covering major autoimmune rheumatic diseases, available at: B-cell activation factor. glomerular basement membrane. New Zealand Black.

New Zealand White. plasmacytoid dendritic cell. systemic lupus erythematosus. tumor necrosis factor-alpha. Authors' original submitted files for images. The authors declare that they have no competing interests. Manderson AP, Botto M, Walport MJ: The role of complement in the development of A Letter To The Love - Valery Novoselsky systemic lupus erythematosus. Annu Rev Immunol.

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PubMed CentralView ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Bagavant H, Deshmukh US, Wang H, Ly T, Fu SM: Role for nephritogenic T cells in lupus glomerulonephritis: progression to renal failure is accompanied by Resume Letter Examples, T cell activation and expansion in regional lymph nodes. J Immunol. Templates. 2006, 177: 8258-8265. Good Cover Examples – Letter Writing. View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Bossu P, Neumann D, Del Giudice E, Ciaramella A, Gloaguen I, Fantuzzi G, Dinarello CA, Di Carlo E, Musiani P, Meroni PL, Caselli G, Ruggiero P, Boraschi D: IL-18 cDNA vaccination protects mice from spontaneous lupus-like autoimmune disease. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 2003, 100: 14181-14186. 10.1073/pnas.2336094100. PubMed CentralView ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Ruger BM, Erb KJ, He Y, Lane JM, Davis PF, Hasan Q: Interleukin-4 transgenic mice develop glomerulosclerosis independent of immunoglobulin deposition.

Eur J Immunol. 2000, 30: 2698-2703. 10.1002/1521-4141(200009)30:92698::AID-IMMU26983.0.CO;2-1. View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Singh RR: IL-4 and many roads to lupuslike autoimmunity. Clin Immunol. 2003, 108: 73-79.

10.1016/S1521-6616(03)00145-1. View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Kruger T, Benke D, Eitner F, Lang A, Wirtz M, Hamilton-Williams EE, Engel D, Giese B, Muller-Newen G, Floege J, Kurts C: Identification and functional characterization of dendritic cells in the healthy murine kidney and in Maintenance Manager Resume, Samples, experimental glomerulonephritis. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2004, 15: 613-621. 10.1097/01.ASN.0000114553.36258.91. View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Fiore N, Castellano G, Blasi A, Capobianco C, Loverre A, Montinaro V, Netti S, Torres D, Manno C, Grandaliano G, Ranieri E, Schena FP, Gesualdo L: Immature myeloid and plasmacytoid dendritic cells infiltrate renal tubulointerstitium in patients with lupus nephritis. Resume Letter Examples Format. Mol Immunol. 2008, 45: 259-265. 10.1016/j.molimm.2007.04.029.

View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Monrad S, Kaplan MJ: Dendritic cells and the immunopa thogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus. A Letter To The. Immunol Res. 2007, 37: 135-145. 10.1007/BF02685895. View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Hooke DH, Gee DC, Atkins RC: Leukocyte analysis using monoclonal antibodies in human glomerulonephritis. Kidney Int. 1987, 31: 964-972. 10.1038/ki.1987.93. View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Schiffer L, Bethunaickan R, Ramanujam M, Huang W, Schiffer M, Tao H, Madaio MP, Bottinger EP, Davidson A: Activated renal macrophages are markers of disease onset and Resume Examples Writing disease remission in Manager Job Description,, lupus nephritis. Letter – Letter Writing. J Immunol.

2008, 180: 1938-1947. PubMed CentralView ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Triantafyllopoulou A, Franzke CW, Seshan SV, Perino G, Kalliolias GD, Ramanujam M, van Rooijen N, Davidson A, Ivashkiv LB: Proliferative lesions and metalloproteinase activity in murine lupus nephritis mediated by type I interferons and macrophages. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. Cv Advice On Pinterest Job Search. 2010, 107: 3012-3017. 10.1073/pnas.0914902107. PubMed CentralView ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Fu Y, Du Y, Mohan C: Experimental anti-GBM disease as a tool for studying spontaneous lupus nephritis. Clin Immunol. 2007, 124: 109-118. Cover Format Writing. 10.1016/j.clim.2007.05.007. View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Holdsworth SR, Neale TJ, Wilson CB: Abrogation of macrophage-dependent injury in experimental glomerulonephritis in the rabbit.

Use of an antimacrophage serum. J Clin Invest. Love - Valery. 1981, 68: 686-698. 10.1172/JCI110304. PubMed CentralView ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Ikezumi Y, Hurst LA, Masaki T, Atkins RC, Nikolic-Paterson DJ: Adoptive transfer studies demonstrate that macrophages can induce proteinuria and Resume Letter Writing mesangial cell proliferation. Kidney Int. 2003, 63: 83-95. View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Moore KJ, Yeh K, Naito T, Kelley VR: TNF-alpha enhances colony-stimulating factor-1-induced macrophage accumulation in autoimmune renal disease.

J Immunol. 1996, 157: 427-432. PubMedGoogle Scholar Henson PM: Pathologic mechanisms in neutrophil-mediated injury. Resume Format For Graduate | Samples. Am J Pathol. 1972, 68: 593-612. PubMed CentralPubMedGoogle Scholar Scapini P, Carletto A, Nardelli B, Calzetti F, Roschke V, Merigo F, Tamassia N, Pieropan S, Biasi D, Sbarbati A, Sozzani S, Bambara L, Cassatella MA: Proinflammatory mediators elicit secretion of the intracellular B-lymphocyte stimulator pool (BLyS) that is stored in activated neutrophils: implications for Good Resume Cover Format Writing inflammatory diseases. Day Card Templates. Blood.

2005, 105: 830-837. 10.1182/blood-2004-02-0564. View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Johnson RJ, Lovett D, Lehrer RI, Couser WG, Klebanoff SJ: Role of oxidants and Cover Letter Format Writing proteases in Maintenance Manager Resume, Example,, glomerular injury. Kidney Int. 1994, 45: 352-359.

10.1038/ki.1994.45. View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Baudeau C, Delarue F, He CJ, Nguyen G, Adida C, Peraldi MN, Sraer JD, Rondeau E: Induction of MHC class II molecules HLA-DR, -DP and -DQ and ICAM 1 in human podocytes by gamma-interferon. Exp Nephrol. 1994, 2: 306-312. PubMedGoogle Scholar Coers W, Brouwer E, Vos JT, Chand A, Huitema S, Heeringa P, Kallenberg CG, Weening JJ: Podocyte expression of MHC class I and II and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in experimental pauci-immune crescentic glomerulonephritis. Clin Exp Immunol. 1994, 98: 279-286. PubMed CentralView ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Yokoyama H, Zheng X, Strom TB, Kelley VR: B7(+)-transfectant tubular epithelial cells induce T cell anergy, ignorance or proliferation. Kidney Int.

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View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Li S, Kurts C, Kontgen F, Holdsworth SR, Tipping PG: Major histocompatibility complex class II expression by intrinsic renal cells is Cover Writing, required for crescentic glomerulonephritis. J Exp Med. 10+ Sample Family Budget | Monthly Forms. 1998, 188: 597-602. 10.1084/jem.188.3.597. PubMed CentralView ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Molano A, Lakhani P, Aran A, Burkly LC, Michaelson JS, Putterman C: TWEAK stimulation of kidney resident cells in the pathogenesis of graft versus host induced lupus nephritis. Immunol Lett. 2009, 125: 119-128.

10.1016/j.imlet.2009.06.010. Good Letter Examples. View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Timoshanko JR, Sedgwick JD, Holdsworth SR, Tipping PG: Intrinsic renal cells are the - Canva, major source of tumor necrosis factor contributing to renal injury in Good Cover, murine crescentic glomerulonephritis. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2003, 14: 1785-1793. 10.1097/01.ASN.0000073902.38428.33. View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar. Share on Twitter Share on Facebook Share on LinkedIn Share on Weibo Share on Google Plus Share on Manager Example, Job Description, Samples, Reddit. By continuing to use this website, you agree to our Terms and Good Resume – Letter Format Writing Conditions, Privacy statement and Maintenance Example, Job Description, Samples Cookies policy. © 2017 BioMed Central Ltd unless otherwise stated.

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Chapter 4: Sample Personal Statements and Resume Examples Application Essays. As a graduate student taking fiction writing workshops many moons ago, I recall what was most motivating to Environmental Resume Sample Httpwwwresumecareerinfo, me as a creative writer. Cover Format! It wasn’t the reading of Environmental Science Resume published or award-winning work, and Cover Letter Examples Format Writing it wasn’t the classroom critique given on high from the Sample Httpwwwresumecareerinfo, professor nor the scribble from my classmates on my manuscripts. All these things were helpful and valuable, but nothing motivated me more than comparing my fiction to the work of my peers. As I read their work carefully, both objectively and subjectively, I found myself thinking at Resume Cover Letter – Letter Writing times that I was sure I could write better than the others around me at the seminar table—then I’d read an artful, poignant story that made me wonder whether I could ever even compete. Perhaps somewhere between these two attitudes is the Budget, most profitable approach when studying the Resume Cover – Letter Format, work of 10+ Sample Family Budget Forms your peers. In critiquing the work of others who essentially represent your competition, you should take a respectful stance both critical and Good Resume Examples kind, just as selection committee members are likely to Day Card Templates - Canva, do. Good Cover Examples Format! The sample essays in this chapter represent personal stories that are intriguing, diverse, complex, honest, and Mother's Templates humanizing. These samples present opportunities for you to study, admire, question, emulate, reject, and—most importantly—consider how to present the best, truest, most effective picture of yourself, carefully refined for Good Cover Letter, the eyes of others. Websites with sample personal statements abound.

Here are two: Below is a pdf link to personal statements and application essays representing strong efforts by Images On Pinterest Job Search students applying for both undergraduate and Letter Writing graduate opportunities. These ten essays have one thing in common: They were all written by students under the A Letter To The, constraint of the Resume Cover Letter Format, essay being 1-2 pages due to the target program’s explicit instructions. In such circumstances, writers must attend carefully to the essay prompt (sometimes as simple as “Write a one-page summary of your reasons for wanting to pursue graduate study”) and recognize that evaluators tend to judge these essays on the same fundamental principles, as follows: First, you are typically expected to provide a window into your personal motivations, offer a summary of your field, your research, or your background, set some long-term goals, and Day Card Templates - Canva note specific interest in the program to which you are applying.

Second, you are expected to Resume Cover Letter – Letter Format Writing, provide some personal detail and to communicate effectively and efficiently. Resume | Samples! Failure to do so can greatly limit your chances of acceptance. Good writers accomplish these tasks by immediately establishing each paragraph’s topic and Cover Letter Examples – Letter Writing maintaining paragraph unity, by For Graduate Of Resumes using concrete, personal examples to demonstrate their points, and by not prolonging the ending of the essay needlessly. Cover Examples! Also, good writers study the target opportunity as carefully as they can, seeking to become an Images On Pinterest Job Search “insider,” perhaps even communicating with a professor they would like to work with at the target program, and tailoring the material accordingly so that evaluators can gauge the Good Cover Format, sincerity of their interest. In the pdf link below, the Mother's Day Card, first two one-page statements written by students in the geological sciences are interesting to compare to each other. Despite their different areas of Good Resume Cover Letter research specialization within the Resume Of Resumes, same field, both writers demonstrate a good deal of scientific fluency and kinship with their target programs.

The short essay by a geography student applying to Good Letter Format, an internship program opens with the Mother's Day Card - Canva, writer admitting that she previously had a limited view of geography, then describing how a course changed her way of thinking so that she came to understand geography as a “balance of physical, social, and cultural studies.” Despite her limited experience, she shows that she has aspirations of joining the Peace Corps or obtaining a law degree, and her final paragraph links her interests directly to the internship program to which she is applying. Materials Sciences Student Sample. For the sample from materials sciences, directed at an internal fellowship, the one-page essay has an especially difficult task: The writer must persuade those who already know him (and thus know both his strengths and limitations) that he is worthy of internal funds to help him continue his graduate education. He attempts this by Good Writing first citing the specific goal of his research group, followed by 10+ Sample Budget Forms a brief summary of the literature related to this topic, then ending with a summary of his own research and lab experience. The student applying for the Teach for America program, which recruits recent college graduates to teach for two years in underprivileged urban and Good Letter Examples Writing rural public schools, knows that she must convince readers of her suitability to such a demanding commitment, and she has just two short essays with which to do so. She successfully achieves this through examples related to service mission work that she completed in Ecuador before entering college. The sample essay by a neuroscience student opens with narrative technique, telling an affecting story about working in a lab at the University of Pittsburgh. Resume School! Thus we are introduced to one of the Cover Letter Examples, motivating forces behind her interest in neuroscience. Later paragraphs cite three undergraduate research experiences and her interest in the linked sciences of disease: immunology, biochemistry, genetics, and pathology.

Medieval Literature Student Sample. This sample essay immerses us in detail about medieval literature throughout, eventually citing several Irish medieval manuscripts. With these examples and others, we are convinced that this student truly does see medieval literature as a “passion,” as she claims in her first sentence. Later, the writer repeatedly cites two professors and “mentors” whom she has already met, noting how they have shaped her highly specific academic goals, and tying her almost headlong approach directly to the National University of Ireland at Maynooth, where she will have flexibility in Man I Love - Valery Novoselsky, designing her own program. Beinecke Scholarship Student Sample. The Beinecke Scholarship essay is written by a junior faced with stiff competition from a program that awards $34,000 towards senior year and graduate school. Good! This student takes an interesting theme-based approach and projects forward toward graduate school with confidence. This writer’s sense of self-definition is particularly strong, and her personal story compelling.

Having witnessed repeated instances of injustice in To The Man I - Valery, her own life, the writer describes in her final paragraphs how these experiences have led to her proposed senior thesis research and her goal of becoming a policy analyst for the government’s Department of Resume – Letter Writing Education. Written during a height of US involvement in Iraq, this essay manages the intriguing challenge of how a member of the military can make an Environmental Science Httpwwwresumecareerinfo effective case for on-line graduate study. The obvious need here, especially for an Air Force pilot of Resume Letter Format seven years, is to keep the focus on Format For Graduate academic interests rather than, say, battle successes and Good Cover Examples – Letter Writing the number of missions flown. An additional challenge is to - Canva, use military experience and vocabulary in a way that is not obscure nor off-putting to Resume Letter – Letter Format, academic selection committee members. To address these challenges, this writer intertwines his literacy in Environmental Science Httpwwwresumecareerinfo, matters both military and academic, keeping focus on applications of Geographic Information Systems (GIS), his chosen field of graduate study. Engineer Applying to a Master’s Program Sample. This example shows that even for an engineer with years of Letter Examples – Letter Format experience in Science, the field, the fundamentals of personal essay writing remain the same. This statement opens with the engineer describing a formative experience—visiting a meat packaging plant as a teenager—that influenced the writer to work in Cover Letter – Letter, the health and safety field. Budget! Now, as the writer prepares to advance his education while remaining a full-time safety engineer, he proves that he is capable by detailing examples that show his record of personal and professional success.

Especially noteworthy is his partnering with a government agency to help protect workers from dust exposures, and he ties his extensive work experience directly to Good Resume Letter – Letter, his goal of becoming a Certified Industrial Hygienist. Frequently, graduate school or scholarship applications provide an Science Resume Httpwwwresumecareerinfo option or requirement for you to submit a resume to complement your other written material. The two sample resumes provided in the link below offer good examples of what graduate schools and scholarship committees look for in a resume (or “curriculum vitae,” which is typically a lengthier resume with an academic and Good Letter Examples Format Writing research focus). The writer of the short sample resume in the pdf below wisely excludes the usual “Objective” section (needless for a graduate application) and Environmental focuses instead on his education. Note how he briefly discusses his thesis research and lists his key courses—information he hopes will be of special interest to the selection committee. With little meaningful work experience in the field, the writer simply summarizes his experience briefly and lists activities, some of Good Resume Cover Examples – Letter which relate to his field of study. Standing alone, this resume will not help the student rise above other applicants, some of whom are bound to A Letter To The, have paid work experience in Good Letter, the field. However, it will be helpful to the application, particularly when joined with the student’s corresponding personal statement. Overview of Lengthy Sample Resume (Curriculum Vitae) With curriculum vitae tailored to graduate school or scholarships, the category headings can be determined both by the writer’s strengths and by the selectors’ needs. A Letter Man I Love - Valery Novoselsky! Thus, the sample three-page curriculum vitae in the pdf below focuses on languages, international experience, and leadership positions.

Note how the writer effectively uses subcategories to underscore a diversity of Good Cover – Letter experience, ranging from political involvement to research. She describes volunteer positions as thoroughly as one would describe a job. Also, she uses various formatting strategies, including ample white space, selective indentation, and boldface of parallel headings to allow for easy visual scanning of her credentials. Mother's Day Card Templates - Canva! Clearly, this student has a lot of offer in her chosen field of political science. The lengthy sample essays in the pdf link below showcase writers who, to varying degrees, took chances or simply reached higher. Not only did these writers compose lengthy essays (still within prescribed word-count limits), but in Letter – Letter, many cases they did something bold with content, form, or personality.

In these samples, length can readily be justified by the fact that these are writers who don’t necessarily fall into “typical” student categories but nevertheless are applying to graduate programs or for scholarships. | Monthly Budget! To be competitive, these writers decided to stand out by telling their stories in a way that they hoped would set them apart from, and above, the crowd. A common thread linking these diverse writers is their obvious confidence that: their essays matter to the selection committee, and Resume Examples Format their essays will be both noticeable and - Canva noticed. Overview of Lengthy Essay Samples.

Mechanical Engineering Student Sample. In the first sample essay from mechanical engineering, what stands out immediately are the length and the photographs. Resume Examples Format! In this case, the Environmental Science Resume Sample, student was applying for an engineering scholarship, so he was given room to flesh out technical material as well as address issues such as personal motivations one would expect to read in Good Letter Writing, a personal statement. Much of the Resume For Graduate Of Resumes, essay is given to Good Resume Examples – Letter Format Writing, a discussion of his thesis work, which involves the examination of Mother's “the propagation of a flame in Examples – Letter Format, a small glass tube.” The figures depict the experimental work and represent the success of preliminary thesis results, visually indicating the likely point at which the flame reached detonation. The three-page personal statement by the liberal arts student is Cv Advice Images And interesting in that it is often intentionally abstract and a bit philosophical. This student attended a small liberal arts school that promotes a “Think, Evolve, Act” theme to its students, and this student reflects on this theme and Examples – Letter Format embraces it in his own life from the beginning of the essay. In his curriculum, he has taken a course on Gandhi and Nonviolence, studied abroad in Belgium, and self-designed a program of “Peace and Conflict Studies with an emphasis in 10+ Sample Family Budget Budget Forms, Technological Revolution.” He has also taken a ten-day service learning trip to Costa Rica, studied at the Institute of Gandhian Studies in India, served part-time as an Good Cover Letter Examples – Letter assistant to a member of the European Parliament, and written a paper entitled “A Knowledge-Based Society and the Digital Divide.” Meanwhile, he plans to graduate with distinction in both of his majors.

In jazz terms, this student certainly does seem to have the chops. One way to get a sense of the daring of this personal statement, written by a student who aims to study film at Columbia University, is simply to Maintenance Manager Job Description, Samples, consider the allusions he makes throughout his statement. With neither apology nor obvious humility, this writer makes references to Steven Spielberg, Woody Allen, Jean-Luc Godard, Jean Vigo, Terrence Malick, and David Gordon Green. Resume – Letter Writing! Further, this writer takes the unusual step of using section headings in 10+ Sample Family Forms, his personal statement, including, on Good Resume Cover Letter Examples – Letter Format his first page “Poetry,” “Plastics,” and “Children.” But no matter how creative this writer is, of course, we must ultimately judge him on his evidenced ability as a filmmaker. In that regard, he showcases his ease with talking about films and directors, posits an analogy about student filmmaking (“directing your own material is like parenting”), and 21 Best Images Advice, discusses the success of his nineteen-minute senior project, “Burying Dvorak”—a film he promoted by Good Cover taking a year off after graduation, successfully landing it in more than 20 film festivals. As he closes his essay, he makes a specific pitch for Columbia University, where he hopes to 21 Best Cv Advice Images On Pinterest | Cv Advice, Job Search And, continue “to discover my own voice, my own poetry.” Biological Science Student Sample.

For the lengthy sample essay from the student in biological science, the extensive length and scientific depth are necessary because the student is Good Resume Format Writing applying for the highly competitive STAR Fellowship. A Letter - Valery! The STAR (Science to Achieve Results) program offers graduate fellowships through the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), funding several years of Good Resume Cover – Letter study. Given the competitiveness of the process and the EPA’s mission of Resume For Graduate Of Resumes environmental protection, it is vital that this student presents a viable, environmentally important project in a persuasive, professional manner. To achieve this, the writer successfully approaches the essay as she would a thesis proposal, using science-related section heads, providing original figures and data, focusing heavily on future research goals, and essentially performing a literature review, citing 19 sources ranging from basic textbooks to refereed journals. Resume Examples – Letter Format Writing! The result is a powerful essay with scientific depth. Sample essays for professional school—written by students applying for business, law, or medical school—are abundant online, and they also can be highly specialized.

Many medical schools require two separate applications: one directly to the target school itself and one through the American Medical College Application Service (AMCAS), both of which usually require essays. Mother's! Both law and business schools also often require multiple essays of Good Format Writing their applicants, with questions ranging from Resume Format | Samples Of Resumes, details about your personal background to Letter – Letter Format Writing, questions asking you to write an essay exploring a controversial issue. Therefore, I provide just a few samples of professional essays here in 21 Best Cv Advice Images | Cv Job Search, the pdf link below, referring you to Good Resume Cover Examples – Letter, online sites in the “Self-Study” box below for further study and targeted samples. For students applying to professional schools who desire further advice and samples, I do recommend three books throughout this manual, all available for purchase online: In addition to these books all having a well-established and positive reputation, they offer insights from the admissions officers themselves at professional programs, thus giving readers an inside track as to what will be expected of them in both the Maintenance Manager Resume, Job Description,, application essays and the overall application process. With each of Good Cover Letter Examples – Letter Format these books costing less than the price of most professional school application fees, they’re all well worth the investment. Overview of Professional Essay Samples. The sample essay from a pharmacy student was written during the student’s sophomore year and before she had experience in the field. Therefore, she chose to highlight her attitude towards and | Monthly Budget seriousness about her future path of study.

She also discusses pre-pharmacy courses she has already completed and Resume Cover Letter – Letter Writing stresses her academic success. The student applying to law school to Maintenance Resume, Job Description,, study environmental law immediately persuades readers of his commitment by telling a personal story of how environmental law affected his family business. He also traces his educational path from community college to Good Cover Letter Examples – Letter Format Writing, a bachelor’s program, where he completed a technical senior thesis with ties to Maintenance Resume, Job Description,, a government agency. With law schools just as interested in recruiting students with a diverse background and life experience as they are with seeking pre-law majors, this student builds a strong case for Cover Letter – Letter Format, himself as a candidate in Science Sample, just one page. The two business application essays, written by the same applicant, are in response to questions posed by an MBA program, which is especially interested in how candidates take risks and overcome challenges. The writer handles the first question, which allows for one page to describe a personal risk and its impact, by vividly recounting a life-changing 3500-mile bike trip he took across the Examples – Letter Format, US with his brother at the age of 21. The second essay gives applicants two pages to describe a challenging team experience and their contributions to its success. Here, the writer has the advantage of having already worked in business for a few years after completing his bachelor’s degree, so he wisely turns to his most successful team experience at his company, where he was a project leader.

Short Medical School Student Sample. With medical school applications sometimes asking very focused questions with short answer responses, this student uses the Mother's Day Card, small amount of space allotted to explain why she’s applying to med school by describing how she applied creative thinking to working with a disabled patient in a clinic. Here we recognize that the Good Letter – Letter Writing, writer has the sensibility to respond individually to her future patients with respect. For advice specific to writing essays for professional school, turn to targeted websites such as these: