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Dec 11, 2017 Safety Management Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Management Template,
Best Professional Practices for Artists: The Artist Resume. Safety Management | Range Management. While serving as a juror for Patient Care Job Description And Schools a large group exhibition, I had to Management Templates Management view a number of professional artist resumes. Overall, the experience was less than pleasant. Action Plan Template. I was shocked and dismayed by Safety Management Templates | Range Of Safety Management, the disorganization I encountered. One resume did not have the Wiredchurches.com — Sample Leadership Evaluation artist#8217;s name at Management | Range Of Safety, the topif they had been selected, there would have been NO WAY to contact them! Several resumes did not include basic contact information. Others included lengthy descriptions of professional experiences that had nothing to Emergency do with an Safety Management Plan Templates Of Safety Template art career, and | Best Template still others were difficult to navigate, with pages and pages of small-type font. I actually felt my brain hurting as I hunted for the basic information and Safety Management Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Management Template experience which mattered. If you are going to be evaluated for a professional opportunity based on Resume Cover Letter, your resume, the number one thing you need to do is Safety Management Plan Of Safety Template, make your information easily available.
Make the font legible. Keep the size large enough to read without reading glasses. Use bullets and Salary, And Schools clearly separated or labelled sections. Is there enough white space? Too much white space? If you fail to Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Template cover these basics, your resume will be useless. Emergency Action Plan Template. The Art Resume vs. Plan | Range Template. The Employment Resume. Art resumes are very different from your job resume.
The purpose of an art resume is to help an artist to Emergency Plan win awards and Safety | Range Of Safety Template grants, to Wiredchurches.com Form gain acceptance into a residency program, or to achieve exhibition opportunities. None of this has anything to do with your former employment in Safety Plan | Range Of Safety Management non-art-related fields. You will want to leave your employment experience out, for – Marketing the most part. Management Templates | Range Management Template. Another main issue: length. Letter For Employee Pdf Employee. Typically, an Safety Plan Templates Of Safety Template art resume is two to three pages long. Journal. If you are asked for a #8216;Curriculum Vitae,#8217; this document can be many pages in length and Management Templates | Range include everything you#8217;ve ever done in art related fields, but a resume really should be no longer than two pages. Your art resume should be edited down to the essentials most recent accomplishments listed chronologically with recent items first, your education, your contact information, and, if applicable, your professional experience. Who is your audience? What is your goal?
The more research you can do on whoever is going to be reviewing your resume, the Template better for Safety Management Plan | Range Of Safety Template you. How can you make yourself look most appealing to 2015 Pdf | Hr Advisor Resume your audience? Often times, less information that has been carefully edited counts as more. Plan Of Safety Management. Contact information is always first. Include your name, address, phone, email, and website. I think it is Of Recommendation For Employee Pdf Employee, a good idea to Safety Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Management Template print this part larger than the Of Recommendation For Employee Pdf Employee rest for Safety Management Plan | Range Management Template easy and Patient Technician Job Description quick viewing. Safety Management Plan Templates Of Safety Template. Education goes next. Include your most recent degrees first. Salary, Job Description And Schools. If you have a degree in Management Templates Of Safety Management Template something non-art related, you may want to leave it out. Competitive artist residencies can also be listed here as well. I suggest putting #8216;Awards and Strategy – Marketing Journal Honors#8217; next, if you have any.
This category is important because it digtinguishes you from all the other candidates. Plan | Range Template. If you have been awarded a grant, put it here. Product Strategy – Marketing Journal. If you received an art award at college graduation, it goes here. Templates Template. Any #8216;Best in Wiredchurches.com — Sample Evaluation Form Show#8217; awards, cash prizes, or other distinctions go here. Plan Templates Of Safety. These items are a big deal. Solo Exhibitions go next, listed chronologically. If you have only had one or two, it may make you look inexperienced, so list them in a more general exhibition section. If you are editing your information, which I highly recommend, then call this section #8216;Select Exhibitions.#8217; Juried Exhibitions can be a separate category. Base your decision to include a juried section on your numbers of these.
Typically, a juried exhibition is seen as being more impressive than a group exhibition, especially if the Leadership Evaluation Form juror is Management Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Management, well-known. Wiredchurches.com — Sample Leadership. Always list the name of the juror in addition to Safety Plan Templates Of Safety Management Template the basic exhibition information: Show Title, Gallery Name, City and State, Exhibition Dates. This type of name-dropping is strategic, especially in an art world that is small and Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977 inter-connected. #8216;Group Exhibitions#8217; or #8216;Select Group Exhibitions#8217; (if you are editing) go next. Choose what to include based on what you are applying for. | Range Template. For example, if your resume is part of a packet you are sending to Patient Technician a gallery, you may want to edit out shows done in Safety Management | Range Of Safety Management Template coffee shops or other #8216;non-gallery#8217; spaces. Gallerists tend to be snobs. Product – Marketing. Also, if you have exhibited with a gallery that is seen as #8216;less desirable#8217; than the one you are applying to Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Template leave it out. If you have showed with someone that your goal gallery has a good relationship with, great highlight it by leaving out #8216;filler.#8217; Your goal in Referral Email Template this section is to display a breadth of Management Plan Templates | Range Management Template, experience and a professional appearance.
You want to seem responsible and Patient Care Technician Job Description easy to Management Plan Templates Of Safety Template work with this makes you a more desirable candidate. Referral Template | Best Template. The next section should be #8216;Press#8217; or #8216;Select Bibliography.#8217; To be a viable candidate for pretty much anything, you need to have some kind of Plan Templates Of Safety Management, press. Template | Best Business Template. Press on Safety Management Plan Management Template, online sources and blogs are absolutely fine. Even a small local newspaper or newsletter is worth mentioning. Email Business. If a group show you participate in is reviewed, but you are not mentioned, then what? If you need more lines in Plan Management your press section, then include it. If you have enough press to Template Design look respectable, leave it out. 8. Related Professional Experience. Management | Range Of Safety Management. This last section is optional: #8216;Related Professional Experience.#8217; Remember, your artist resume is not a job resume. Your goal is not getting a job, but rather a show, a grant, or a residency, therefore anything NOT art related should be left out.
This section can include professional memberships, volunteering, published writing, and any art-related jobs you have held. Don#8217;t worry if it seems like there are gaps here this is not a job resume! I know that many professional resumes include an objective. Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg. This takes up unnecessary space and Safety Management Templates Template is redundant. Referral. If you are applying for something specific, your objective will be obvious. Leave this section out Safety Management Templates Of Safety Management Template of an Strategy – Marketing artist resume.
You should keep an Management Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Management Template all-encompassing curriculum vitae on your computer in order to | Eknom-Jo cut and paste the info into Plan Management, a new, shorter resume designed for a specific purpose. Brochure Design. One other, last suggestion is to look at several examples of Management Templates, resumes by | Eknom-Jo, artists you respect. Most artist or gallery websites have easily down-loadable resumes. | Range Of Safety Management. Choose a certain aesthetic, appearance, or organizational strategy for Form yourself based on these examples. Safety | Range. Happy applications! Oh, and if you want to Plan | Eknom-Jo read the Professional Practices Post from last month on Artist Statements, click here. Author Cara Ober is Founding Editor at Safety Management, BmoreArt. Cara Ober is the Emergency Action Template Founding Editor at Management Templates Template, BmoreArt.
How to Product Strategy – Marketing Become Your Own Artist-Advocate: Matthew Mann. Biggs and Safety Management Templates | Range Management Template Featherbelle: The Sweet Smell of Success. Black Voices in Plan Template Contemporary Art Criticism. Safety Management | Range Management. Where are all the Black art critics? Inertia: Studio Visit with Rene Trevino. (977. Guggenheim Fellowship Awarded to Baltimore Artist. Inertia: Studio Visit with Amanda Burnham. Safety Management Plan Templates Management. This is Product – Marketing, a pretty good article, except for the typo. That is essential in creating a good resume. Proofreading.
It is funny because I cannot reproduce your typo in this section without autocorrect changing it to Management | Range Of Safety Management distinguished. Also, comma at Template Business Template, start of last graph is not needed. Management Plan Of Safety. Also. Wiredchurches.com Form. What about Public Art? I m seeking for Management Plan Templates | Range Template this only.. (977. The first thing to Safety Management Plan Templates Of Safety Template learn about how to write a resume cover letter is that the Strategy – Marketing cover letter gives the Safety Management Templates job seeker a unique opportunity to (977 introduce him or herself before actually meeting in Of Safety person.Sample CV. Technician Salary, Job Description And Schools. I found your article on Sample Resume writing tips insightful and Safety Plan Of Safety Management helpful, thanks for sharing this information on Strategy – Marketing, resume. Sample Resume. While it is important to put your schooling somewhere, if you have been out of school for Safety Plan Templates Of Safety Template a while sometimes your experience is actually relevent.
In this case, education should be located at Calendar Resume Cover, the bottom. Of course, everyone has their own opinions when it comes to Templates Of Safety resumes, and what may be right for one employer may not be for (977 the next. This is good advice thank you. Safety Management Plan | Range Of Safety Management. But reading it had me thinking that, given all the Strategy – Marketing Journal protocols, would be nice if the enclosed work spoke for itself right? Shouldn#8217;t this be the Management Templates | Range Template over-riding consideration? Great post- thank you so much! All of Job Description And Schools, this is such a mystery to Management Plan | Range Of Safety Management many of us. @Radar Redux- Good luck to Plan you in Safety Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Template creative or nontraditional formatting.
In my experience, people find it arrogant and irritating, and Patient Care Salary, Job Description choose not to Safety Plan Management deal with you. There is Wiredchurches.com Evaluation Form, something to be said for Safety Templates Of Safety Management being courteous, respectful and Patient Care Technician Salary, And Schools INFORMATIVE when communicating about yourself to potential patrons, funders, galleries or curators. Plan Templates Management Template. No one wants to work with someone who they perceive will be difficult. If you have had success with this approach, I#8217;d love to hear about Wiredchurches.com Leadership it. Management Plan Templates Management Template. It seems so trivial, though its not. For Employee Pdf Employee. The idea of Safety Plan Templates Of Safety, editing the Election Brochure information is Plan | Range Management Template, great. — Sample Evaluation Form. Very useful post. Thanks. Plan | Range Management Template. This is Journal, a very helpful blog post for Safety Management Plan Management Template artists.
I will pass it on to all the recent art grads I know. Let me rephrase. We am not judging anyone who chooses to Referral Template | Best conform to Management Plan Of Safety Management any process so as to get grants/jobs, whatever they participate in (977 so as to make a living, get shown, etc. The advice here is all excellent regarding this. That said, we had asked should an Plan Templates | Range Management artist feel compelled to fill out resumes or artist statements in Referral Email traditional ways in the first place, if they feel the Safety Management | Range Of Safety Template process does not represent them in the way they wish to be represented. For example some artists we know question why this almost corporate formulaic format exists at all. They believe it to Calendar Hr Advisor Resume be archaic. Safety Management. They ask who does it really serve anyone and Patient Job Description And Schools how? This questioning at least deserves consideration/ examination. And if one has a real deep desire to deconstruct and recontextualize the #8220;resume/artist statement process/construct#8221; why wait for Safety Management Management the project part of, say, a grant. Why not jump in from the start in Job Description And Schools this way it is a real #8220;action#8221;instead of Safety Management Of Safety, a simulation.
The results may be illuminating. how does an artist apply for grant $$ without a resume if it is part of the requirement? i would save the #8216;challenging the formula#8217; for Sample Letter my grant proposal. Safety Management Plan Templates Template. i think online exhibits are fine to Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg list as group shows. Plan Of Safety Template. as you do more exhibits, you will want to Technician Salary, And Schools edit and choose the most competitive ones for your resume. if you see the Safety Management Plan Templates | Range Management Template online ones as being #8216;less#8217; desirable, then leave them out down the Brochure Template road. Great advice and thanks. One question: Do you think online shows or competitions count as something for your resume? Even if its decent? This comment has been removed by Safety Management | Range Of Safety Management, the author. Product – Marketing. You can order it direct from Plan Templates | Range us or pick it up next week at area retailers like the BMA Museum Shop, Ivy Bookstore, Trohv, and Atomic Books. Action. Designed by Plan | Range Of Safety Management Template, Wickerham Lomax, our cover artists for Issue 04! The BmoreArt calendar features arts and events and is updated daily. Action Plan | Eknom-Jo. Tag your art and Balti-centric photos #bmoreart! We want to see your art, your exhibits, and your Baltimore. BmoreArt#8217;s Picks: Baltimore Art Galleries, Openings, and Safety Management Templates Management Events October 3 9. The Internet is Exploding: 10 Must-Read Articles this Week.
ABOUT ME | Call for Book Publication. Order the Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977 BmoreArt Journal of Plan | Range Management, Art + Ideas directly from — Sample us or from Safety Management Plan Templates Of Safety Management area retailers. BmoreArt is Best Cultural Resource in Baltimore! Bmoreart is Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg, a creative and critical daily online journal. Templates Of Safety. We believe that Baltimore's creative class deserves to be discussed, critiqued, and Election Brochure Template Design well-informed.
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Poverty and Education: A Critical Analysis of the Plan Templates Of Safety Management Template Ruby Payne Phenomenon. Research indicates that poverty rates among American children have reached as high as 22 percent in recent years, and from this historically elevated figure, perhaps a third can be described as experiencing #147;persistent#148; or #147;long-term#148; poverty (Hernandez, 1997; Mayer, 1997; Brady, 2003). It is widely believed that these children pose a major challenge to schools. Many reside in central-city neighborhoods or relatively isolated rural areas, compounding existing obstacles to equal educational opportunities and academic success. Emergency Template. (Books, 2004) Yet, studies consistently document that most educators themselves come from middle-class backgrounds, making it difficult for Plan | Range Template, them to relate personally with students who live in poverty (Zeichner, 2003). As a result, the capacity of teachers to work with poor children is shaped by teacher educators, school district administrators, educational researchers, and other experts.
It is not clear, however, just what lessons about the poor are being transmitted to teachers and other educators, and how they are being prepared to work with them more effectively. In the absence of a well-defined research base on educating children affected by poverty and Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg corresponding programs of training and Management Templates Of Safety Template professional development, a wide range of perspectives and approaches can flourish. Arguably, one of today#146;s most conspicuous speakers on issues of poverty and Template Template education is Dr. Ruby Payne, president of a company called #147;Aha Process, Inc.#148; and author of a self-published book titled A Framework for Understanding Poverty , currently in its fourth revised edition (2005). Payne has sold more than half a million copies of her book since 1996 as well as related workbook materials, and her organization conducts workshops and training sessions for tens of thousands of Safety Of Safety Management educators, administrators, and other human-service professionals across the country and abroad. A principal thrust of these activities is teaching people about poverty and working with poor children in school settings. Payne#146;s remarkable popularity reflects growing concern about Wiredchurches.com — Sample Form, poverty and its effects on children#146;s educational experiences. As educators grapple with the challenge of meeting performance standards for all groups of Safety Management Plan Of Safety Template students, districts have been actively seeking answers to the problem of working with children in Template Design, poverty. Payne and her organization have been actively involved in these developments, providing professional development designed to explicitly address these issues. In this article, we examine the conceptual and empirical foundations of her work and conduct a critical analysis of descriptive case scenarios included in an accompanying workbook for teacher practice.
What viewpoints do Payne#146;s ideas about poverty represent? And what recommendations are conveyed in these training sessions? Situating Payne#146;s argument within decades of Safety Management Plan Template scholarship about poverty, we assess the Wiredchurches.com — Sample Form extent to which it accurately reflects a contemporary, research-based comprehension of the issue. The fact that her characterization of poverty mirrors earlier #147;culture of poverty#148; theses and lacks recognition of Management Templates | Range Of Safety Management social structural dynamics contributing to inequality could have significant implications for how educators ultimately come to view poverty and the children who experience it. Payne#146;s framework for understanding poverty. In the introduction of her book, Payne explains that her expertise on poverty resulted primarily from Template Business, being married for over 30 years to her husband, Frank, who grew up in Safety Plan | Range Template, #147;situational#148; (or temporary) poverty, but lived for several years with others who were in #147;generational#148; (or long-term) poverty. Template. As she spent time with his family and got to know #147;the many other players in [their] neighborhood,#148; her personal observations led her to conclude that there were major differences between those in generational poverty and those in Safety Management Management Template, the middle class#151;the most important of which were not about money (2005, p. 1). These insights were confirmed in her mind after Payne spent six years as a principal in an affluent, Illinois elementary school and was able to further contrast the Action Template | Eknom-Jo differences she witnessed between children in poverty, the middle class, and wealth.
Payne recalls several informal conversations she had with concerned colleagues about the growing disciplinary problems they were experiencing as more and more of their students came from low-income families. She offered them her explanation of why these behaviors were occurring, and then word-of-mouth referrals from teachers, principals, district, and state officials launched her into a series of Management Templates Of Safety Template speaking engagements where she could more formally share her insights with other educational practitioners. Central to Payne#146;s analysis of poverty is the idea that there are #147;hidden rules#148; which distinguish the thinking, values, and behaviors of people in poverty from Care Technician Salary, And Schools, those who are middle class or wealthy. And because most schools operate from an implicitly middle-class perspective foreign to poor children, educators must first understand the class culture from which their students come and then teach them explicitly the rules of the Safety Templates | Range Management Template middle class needed to function more successfully in schools and society. According to Payne, poverty is characterized not only by lack of financial resources, but also the extent to which individuals possess other resources such as emotional stability, mental skills, spiritual guidance, physical health and mobility, support systems, role models, and knowledge of Form a group#146;s hidden rules (2005, p. 7).
These varied resources are essential to Safety Plan Templates, consider because, as Payne states, . . . the Referral Email Template Business reality is that financial resources, while extremely important, do not explain the differences in the success with which individuals leave poverty nor the reasons that many stay in poverty. The ability to leave poverty is Safety Plan, more dependent upon other resources than it is upon financial resources. (p. 8) Payne argues the cultivation of emotional resources is of utmost importance, defined as #147;being able to choose and control emotional responses, particularly to negative situations, without engaging in self-destructive behavior. This is an internal resource and shows itself through stamina, perseverance, and choices#148; (2005, p. 7).
The involvement of role models is critical, then, because #147;it is largely from role models that [a] person learns how to live life emotionally#148; (2005, p. 9). Although all individuals have role models, Payne cautions, #147;The question is the extent to which the role model is nurturing or appropriate#148; (2005, p. Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg. 9). Good role models and support systems should be able to offer advice about and demonstrate a more desirable alternative than living in poverty. Being a teacher allows one quite naturally to serve as a role model or support to children in poverty. Management Plan Of Safety Management. Payne explains, Even with the financial resources, not every individual who received those finances would choose to Care Salary, And Schools, live differently . Management Of Safety Management Template. . . But it is the responsibility of educators and others who work with the poor to Patient Care Salary, Job Description, teach the differences and skills/rules that will allow the individual to make the choice. (2005, p. 113) A teacher#146;s involvement is essential since #147;many individuals stay in poverty because they don#146;t know there is a choice#151;and if they do know that, have no one to Safety Templates Management, teach them hidden rules or provide resources#148; (2005, p. 62).
Payne identifies education as: . . . the key to getting out of, and — Sample Leadership Evaluation staying out of, generational poverty. Individuals leave poverty for one of four reasons: a goal or vision of something they want to be or have; a situation that is so painful that anything would be better; someone who #147;sponsors#148; them (i.e., an educator or spouse or mentor or role model who shows them a different way or convinces them that they could live differently); or a specific talent or ability that provides an opportunity for them. (p. 61) Given the #147;tremendous opportunities to influence some of the non-financial resources that make such a difference in students#146; lives#148; (2005, p. 25), Payne recommends that educators first learn to analyze the resources poor students and their families have before offering advice to improve their situation. Safety Management Plan Management Template. To this end, the workbook that accompanies Payne#146;s main text presents fourteen different scenarios of poor children and their current situations for educators to practice evaluating. Payne does not offer any definite, correct answers for the exercises, but they do convey a fairly consistent view of the attitudes and behaviors presumably shared amongst those who are poor. It is useful, for Email Template Business Template, this reason, to carefully examine the descriptive case scenarios Payne provides in her effort to help educators better understand poverty, its effects on children, and Safety Management Templates | Range Template its implications in school settings. What characteristics and circumstances constitute poverty?
As indicated earlier, money is one of 2015 Template Cover Letter several resources included in Payne#146;s framework for understanding poverty, but she argues that it is of only slight to moderate importance compared to other factors. The logic of a position that seemingly disassociates one#146;s financial resources with one#146;s class status may initially seem perplexing. However, a closer examination of Payne#146;s descriptive scenarios depicting poor people#146;s lives helps to illuminate her overall view about how different resources function to Management Plan Templates | Range Management, maintain poverty, as well as her resulting recommendations. For example, in her main text, Payne differentiates between situational poverty , a temporary state caused by circumstances such as death, illness, divorce, and generational poverty , a state which endures for two generations or more (2005, p. 3). The importance of this distinction is linked to Brochure Design, the prevailing attitudes she associates with each group#151; people in situational poverty are often too proud to accept charity, whereas people in Management Template, generational poverty believe society owes them a living (2005, p. 47). Representing the mentality of Wiredchurches.com Leadership Evaluation situational poverty in Payne#146;s accompanying workbook meant for teacher evaluation is Opie, a 12-year-old African American girl, and her mother, Oprah, a 32-year-old widow supporting a senile grandmother and unemployed uncle. Oprah works long hours as a domestic for a doctor, and although she is not paid very much, she takes public transportation and Safety Management Plan Of Safety Management seems able to make ends meet. There is no mention of the family needing public aid, and in Design, fact, Oprah is hoping to be able to save some money for future emergencies that might arise (1998, p. 16). Another example of situational poverty is Steve, a 17 year-old White male who was put out onto the streets by his alcoholic, abusive father.
At 16 he found a full-time job earning minimum wage to secure an apartment for himself and, later, to take care of his brother as well. Safety Plan Templates | Range. Steve works hard and Pdf | Resume Cover Letter #147;all [he] has time to do is go to work, go to school, and sleep#148; (1998, p. 23). In both scenarios, the individuals strive to be self-sufficient through legitimate forms of employment and persist in an effort to improve their life circumstances. In contrast, though, the sense of Safety Management Plan Templates | Range Of Safety entitlement supposedly fostered in generational poverty more commonly leads to illegitimate means of securing financial resources. For example, Juan is a six-year-old Hispanic boy who lives with his grandmother who cannot speak English, and Technician Job Description a 25-year-old uncle, Ramon. Juan#146;s father was killed in | Range Template, a gang-related shooting and his mother is in jail, so Ramon looks after Juan. In order to support the family, Ramon sells drugs with his gang and makes an average of $1,000 a week. Ramon does not expect to live past his thirtieth birthday because of Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977 his dangerous lifestyle, but he continues leading his gang and plans to kill a rival gang member and then flee to Mexico for a while (1998, p. 18). A similar situation is discussed in the scenario about Geraldo, a 13-year-old Hispanic male who is a prominent gang member in his neighborhood. Geraldo remains involved with his gang as a #147;matter of pride,#148; and Management | Range Of Safety Template makes $4,000 in a week selling drugs, sharing it with 10 other members. Like Ramon, Geraldo anticipates he will be dead before he turns 25 and therefore believes, #147;You might as well enjoy life and girls.#148; Ultimately, Geraldo admits, #147;. . . faithful is Referral Template, not in | Range Management, my vocabulary.
I#146;m only faithful to them streets#148; (1998, p. 22). The fatalistic views assumed by Ramon and Geraldo are just the opposite of what Payne describes as the essential emotional, mental, and spiritual resources required to escape poverty. Because Payne generally conceives of poverty#151;and staying in poverty#151;as at least partly a matter of choice, an individual must have the Action Template ability to identify and reason through various courses of action, particularly those necessitating deferred gratification and personal restraint. The scenario of Magnolia, a 16-year-old White girl in tenth grade who single-handedly takes care of Safety Templates | Range Of Safety Management Template her eight siblings because her mother is neglectful and irresponsible, exemplifies a person who possesses these critical resources. Patient Care Job Description. Magnolia demonstrates her emotional resources by refusing to Safety Management Plan Management, steal from others, even though her mother instructs her to do it so they can have food to eat and — Sample Evaluation #147;[she] can#146;t remember a time when [she wasn#146;t] hungry sometime during the week#148; (1998, p. 24). Safety Management Plan Of Safety Template. However, Magnolia#146;s commitment to caring for Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977, her siblings is clear as she sneaks the welfare check out Plan Templates, of the mailbox to buy food for the family before her mother can waste it gratuitously on herself.
Magnolia gets Bs and Cs in school but aspires to be a teacher. Payne tells us that she could earn As if only there was time to do her homework and Patient Care Salary, Job Description And Schools maximize her mental resources. Magnolia, however, is an exceptional case in Payne#146;s workbook. Most of the Templates Management scenarios depict people who lack emotional, mental, and spiritual resources. For example, Habib is Referral | Best Template, a #147;likeable and easily persuaded#148; 18-year-old, African-American male whose one great attribute is that he is #147;one heck of a fighter#148; (1998, p. 21). One day when he was sixteen, he returned home to find that his mother had been beaten by her latest boyfriend. After calling an ambulance for her, Habib went looking for her boyfriend but decided it might be a good idea to break into and rob a pawnshop instead. Payne suggests that this course of action represented Habib trying to resolve his anger, and when he was caught, he also had a gun in his pocket. Another scenario portrays the Safety | Range Management lives of Patient Care Technician Salary, And Schools Tahiti, a 14-year-old girl of mixed African-American and Mexican parentage, and her best friend Theresa, a 14-year-old Hispanic girl. Management Plan Templates Of Safety Template. Neither of the girls does well in school, and Tahiti#146;s family life is fraught with drinking and abuse.
In order to (977, give their lives meaning, these girls actively try to get pregnant so they can #147;have something of [their] own#148; (1998, p. Plan Of Safety. 25). All of the people in Payne#146;s scenarios have physical resources, although they function differently for men and women. While men gain advantage from Pdf | Letter, their ability to fight and willingness to utilize violence (as seen in the scenarios of Ramon, Geraldo, and Habib), Payne indicates that women can use their bodies and Templates | Range sex to elicit favors. The scenario of Email Business Template John and Adele best illustrates the significance of a woman#146;s physical resources. Adele, a 29-year-old White, single mother of two children, was left by her unfaithful but educated and wealthy husband. Her ex-husband pays minimal child support and Adele works part-time despite being an alcoholic. When Adele#146;s car breaks down, she is financially unable to Management Plan Templates Of Safety Management Template, have it fixed and may get fired if she cannot report to Referral Email | Best Business Template, work the next day. Adele assesses the available choices and determines that one way to solve her problem is to invite the Safety Management Templates Template mechanic over for dinner. The mechanic later calls and invites her out to dinner instead, mentioning that they might be able to work something out in Calendar Hr Advisor Resume, terms of payment. Safety Plan Templates Management Template. Adele thinks, #147;It has been a long time since [I] have been out, and he is good-looking and Wiredchurches.com — Sample Leadership Form seems like a nice man#148; (1998, p. Management | Range Of Safety Management Template. 15). Payne suggests that Adele would likely benefit from having a support system for times of need, and that Ramon, Geraldo, and Habib could use role models to teach them appropriate, less destructive behaviors.
The scenario of Wisteria and Eileen attests to Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg, the importance that Payne attributes to support from extended family. In this case, Wisteria, a 70-year-old woman on Social Security, provides a home for Eileen, her 10-year-old granddaughter who was abandoned by Safety Plan | Range Of Safety her drug-addicted, prostitute, and currently incarcerated mother. Wisteria only receives about $150 a week and Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg is in declining health, but her willingness to take care of Eileen means that the child will not be placed in a foster home. Furthermore, Wisteria has accumulated modest financial resources and Management Plan Of Safety enlists support from the church where she has been a member for 40 years (1998, p. 17). The church is Wiredchurches.com Evaluation Form, a critical institution in Payne#146;s view, but it is unable to address the problems of poverty by Templates Management itself. A church serves as a social support in the scenario about Wiredchurches.com — Sample Leadership Evaluation Form, Maria and Safety Management | Range Noemi, a Hispanic mother-and-daughter pair from a devout Catholic family that receives food stamps but is otherwise quite loving and intact.
What Payne suggests 10-year-old Maria learns from Wiredchurches.com Evaluation Form, Noemi#146;s role-modeling, however, is that she should get married, have children, and stay home like her mother (1998, p. 19). Similar patterns of early pregnancy are also perpetuated by the maternal example in the scenario of Tijuana Checosovakia, a 14-year-old African-American girl who had her first child when she was 11 (1998, p. 20); Sally#146;s 15-year-old sister in the scenario of Sally and Sueann (1998, p. 10); and Vangie, an African-American woman who conceived her first child at 13 (1998, p. 12). Again, for Safety, Payne it is emotional and moral resources that count more than financial support. Even if the individuals and families in her various scenarios have adequate material means of subsistence, it is Election Brochure Design, their values and behavior that most critically determine their prospects for escaping poverty. Interestingly, the primary positive role models mentioned in Payne#146;s scenarios are educators. This is hardly surprising, given her involvement in professional development activities for teachers. For instance, Magnolia#146;s aspiration to become a teacher (discussed earlier) was inspired by the kindness of her own fifth-grade teacher who provided a Thanksgiving meal for her hungry family. As a result, Magnolia believes that she could help kids too if she was a teacher. In the scenario about Steve (also discussed earlier), it is Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Management, a school counselor who persuades him to stay in school and 2015 Template Hr Advisor Cover graduate even though he is Safety | Range Management, exhausted trying to Email | Best, balance a full-time job and classes. The counselor expresses faith in Steve#146;s ability to learn, and personally meets him at 7:00 in the morning to provide algebra tutorials. Through these interactions with teachers and Management Plan Templates Of Safety Management Template other school officials, Magnolia and Steve have role models who can serve as their #147;sponsors#148; out of poverty.
They can, in other words, finally be provided an opportunity to learn the hidden rules of the middle class to do well in school and become financially self-supporting, successful members of our society. Of course, these also are examples of educators who are going beyond the Brochure Template Design general call of duty, working with students outside of the normal workday and using their own resources rather than those of the school or district. What these individuals draw upon are emotional and Plan Templates Of Safety moral resources as well, and their examples in Payne#146;s scenarios reinforce the emphasis that she places upon these attributes. In framing the Pdf | Resume Letter social problem of Management Plan Templates Of Safety Management Template poverty in such basic human terms, Payne adds considerable force to her arguments about its origins and the possibilities for its resolution. On the other hand, the reality of working with such students is Wiredchurches.com — Sample Leadership Evaluation Form, often considerably more complicated than her scenarios may suggest, and poverty may not be as closely tied to morality and associated #147;hidden rules#148; as she seems to believe. A critique of Management Plan Of Safety Template Payne#146;s framework. Without doubt, the conceptual clarity and apparent applicability of Payne#146;s framework for understanding poverty are among its primary assets. Yet, given the heated scholarly debates regarding poverty over the last several decades, her authoritative-sounding pronouncements about children#146;s socioeconomic status and their educational and behavioral outcomes are rather remarkable.
This apparent certainty appeals to many people#146;s common-sense notions of how poverty functions and how it can be eliminated. It is important to note, however, that the underlying logic of Payne#146;s conception of Wiredchurches.com Leadership poverty is not well-supported by contemporary social science research, and her straightforward explanations and conclusions may hold problematic implications for poor children and those educators who serve them. In the discussion that follows, we consider a number of | Range Template potential criticisms of Payne#146;s work, including her selective use of social science research to support her arguments about the Referral Email Template | Best Business Template impact of poverty on education and other outcomes for children in society. One problem in Payne#146;s framework of poverty is the extent to which she essentializes the values, behaviors, and orientations of those who are poor. Although Payne distinguishes between different circumstances of poverty, she routinely describes the poor in sweeping fashion as individuals who differ markedly from others in the middle and wealthy classes. For example, Payne explains that poor people lack the Safety | Range Of Safety Management ability to govern their own behavior which is necessary for functioning in the middle class (2005, p. 77). As a result, the scenarios discussed earlier in this article are intended to Emergency, illustrate how #147;the line between what is legal and illegal is Safety Plan Of Safety Management, thin and often crossed#148; so that the poor #147;simply see jail as a part of Care Technician Salary, Job Description life and not necessarily always bad#148; (2005, p. 22). Also, she maintains that the poor assume their life circumstances are inevitable, so money is either shared or spent immediately.
Disciplinary action is Management Templates Of Safety, seen as being about penance and forgiveness rather than really changing negative behaviors; men value hard labor and identify as #147;a lover#148; and #147;a fighter#148; with bars and Wiredchurches.com Evaluation Form work as their main social outlets; and Management Templates | Range Management women learn that #147;sex will bring in money and Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977 favors. Safety Management | Range Of Safety. Values are important, but they don#146;t put food on the table#151;or bring relief from intense pressure#148; (2005, p. 23#150;24). Payne paints provocative pictures, but they are usually variations on a single theme. Life in poor families is characterized by constant chatter and Calendar 2015 Template Hr Advisor Cover background noise from the Templates | Range Management TV which is almost always on; disorganization and clutter; matriarchal and extended family structures; and multiple internal feuds #147;with nearly everyone having multiple relationships, some legal and some not#148; (2005, p. 51#150;56). Such scenarios convey powerful images, and all but a couple of them depict poor people as engaging in behavior of questionable moral character. Even if the main character in a story is a largely innocent student, she or he is usually presented as contending with adults who have proven to be morally weak. Whether it is an out-of-work uncle or a father in jail, an unwed pregnant sister or a drunken mother, the children in these stories are victims of the adults who have failed them.
While Payne presents the stories in a straightforward fashion to encourage analysis, they are ultimately morality tales inviting judgment from an audience of largely middle-class professionals. A second concern is that Payne#146;s essentialized portrayal of the poor and problems related to poverty can lead to misconceptions or contribute to popular stereotypes about people in poverty. As noted earlier, central to Payne#146;s analysis of poverty is the idea that there are #147;hidden rules#148; or #147;mental models#148; which distinguish the thinking and (977 behavior of people who are poor from those who are middle class and wealthy. In identifying these characteristics, Payne appears to Safety | Range Template, rely heavily on the work of Oscar Lewis (1968), Michael Harrington (1962), Richard Sennett (Sennett Cobb, 1973), and Emergency Action other writers from the 1960s and early 1970s who, to one degree or another, endorsed a #147;culture of poverty#148; thesis about behavioral differences between the poor and others. Payne herself uses this term sparingly, but throughout the book she argues that individuals in generational poverty exhibit characteristics consistent with the culture of poverty thesis. As evident in Safety Management Plan Templates Template, the descriptive scenarios, the poor are generally depicted as having a weak work ethic, little sense of internal discipline or future orientation, and leading lives characterized to one extent or another by Referral | Best Business Template disorder and violence. In making these characterizations, Payne seems to be unaware of the many studies dating from the late 1960s that challenged the culture of poverty thesis, in many instances directly testing the extent to which traits such as these were more prevalent among the poor than other groups. By and large, these studies found that such characteristics were not more likely to Management, be evident in poor individuals or households. Indeed, people in poverty valued work, saving money, behaving properly, maintaining stable families, and a number of other #147;middle-class#148; attributes as much as their counterparts in higher social and economic strata. These results, moreover, held across groups with experiences of differing duration in poverty and across racial and ethnic lines (Roach Gursslin, 1967; Irelan, Moles, O#146;Shea, 1969; Coward, Feagin, Williams, 1974; Davidson Gaitz, 1974; Abell Lyon, 1979; Carmon, 1985; Jones Luo, 1999).
To put the Patient Technician matter another way, this body of research suggests that many of the attitudes that Payne attributes to the poor are also evident to varying degrees among the non-poor, groups that Payne would describe as the Safety Management Templates Of Safety Management Template #147;middle class#148; and the #147;wealthy.#148; After all, there is Election, considerable evidence that individuals in these groups have characteristics of the sort that Payne attributes only to the poor: a variable work ethic, inability to save money, and uncertainty in interpersonal relationships. Recent studies indicate that traditional middle-class values on a range of issues have shifted in the past several decades. Divorce, for instance, is Safety Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Template, now widely seen as acceptable, a broad range of personal behavior is tolerated or accepted, and work judged to be demeaning is Wiredchurches.com — Sample Evaluation Form, often spurned, even in the face of unemployment. (Thornton Young-DeMarco, 2001; Jaynes, 2000) Mainstream values of the sort Payne holds up as exemplary appear to be considerably less prevalent today than in the past, throughout all segments of the Management | Range Management population. Much of the Salary, behavior Payne describes, consequently, is Management Plan Templates | Range Template, not exclusively a problem of the poor and may therefore reflect values that she incorrectly attributes to poverty. Middle-class or upper-class individuals, of course, are less likely to suffer as a result of such behaviors because, as Payne notes, having monetary resources makes the consequences of such attitudinal or behavioral characteristics considerably less dire.
However, a major problem in her interpretation is suggesting that there may be a causal force to Brochure Template Design, these attributes. While they may make it difficult for some to Safety Templates Template, escape poverty under current social and economic conditions, there is little evidence that such traits are especially prevalent among the Calendar Pdf | Hr Advisor Resume Cover poor, and they do not explain why some people fall into poverty and others do not. Studies challenging the culture of poverty thesis have cast serious doubt on the proposition that a clearly distinguishable #147;culture of poverty#148; in fact exists. By and Management Templates | Range Of Safety large, it is a term that has fallen out of use in the social science literature today. The studies that Payne does reference offer little support for her formulation of #147;mental models#148; that distinguish the behavior of the poor. One study she cites a great deal is — Sample Leadership Evaluation, Susan Mayer#146;s (1997) book, What Money Can#146;t Buy . Mayer argues that #147;. . . Management | Range Of Safety. activities, possessions and housing environments that are important to children#146;s outcomes are only moderately related to parental income#148; (p.
113). Emergency Action Plan. In other words, the poor do not lack in resources necessary for children to succeed, and middle-class status is hardly a guarantee of a child#146;s success. What matters are the Management Templates #147;values#148; of parents, and Mayer (like many other researchers) offers scant evidence that the Election Brochure poor have different values than other groups. On the surface, of course, this point would appear to support Payne#146;s argument, and it is no doubt for this reason that she cites Mayer#146;s work. But Mayer#146;s position is more complicated than this, and directly addresses the question of whether income is Safety Plan Templates Of Safety Management Template, related to parenting practices, an Calendar 2015 Template Pdf | Cover, issue at the core of Payne#146;s argument. In examining this matter, Mayer reports that there is Management Management Template, negligible difference between the poor and other families. After reviewing the evidence from survey data, she concludes, #147;These results provide little evidence that parents#146; income has a large influence on parenting practices. Nor do the results in this chapter suggest that parental income has a large effect on Patient Technician Salary, Job Description parents#146; psychological attributes other than their feelings of efficacy. And parental efficacy has only a moderate effect on children#146;s outcomes#148; (1997, p. Safety Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Management. 124). Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg. By and large, according to Mayer, parenting practices and the values that inform them are generally unrelated to income. This is hardly a finding that provides support for Payne#146;s framework for understanding poverty, despite her use of Mayer#146;s book for confirmation of her theories.
Mayer does indicate that #147;some persistently poor parents are shiftless and neglectful,#148; adding that their households exhibit #147;neither the moral nor the material standards that most Americans believe children require#148; (1997, p. 151). But she also makes it clear that families falling into this category are only a part of the persistently poor, who also suffer from illness, depression, and other limitations quite separate from their moral predilections. This suggests that poor families of the sort that Payne describes as reflecting #147;generational poverty#148; represent a modest proportion of the poor, perhaps less than a quarter and probably lower. Given these figures, it stands to reason that the children in Safety Management Templates Management, such families would be a rather small fraction of all children, possibly just 3 or 4 percent. Emergency. As Mayer concludes, #147;poverty alone is not synonymous with incompetence,#148; and as the number of families living in poverty rises, #147;the average poor person becomes more like the average middle-class person#148; (1997, p. 152). This too is an argument in sharp distinction from Payne#146;s, which suggests that the numbers of attitudinally deviant poor families are increasing (Payne, 2005, p. 61). Another book Payne cites a number of times is Safety Plan Templates Of Safety Template, a collection of studies edited by Greg J. Duncan and Jeanne Brooks-Gunn (1997) titled, Consequences of Growing Up Poor . Again, Payne appears to have been rather selective in choosing quotes from this source, as the various studies provide little support for her analysis. In the chapter examining the link between income levels and parenting practices, for instance, Hanson, McLanahan, and Thomson (1997) echo Mayer#146;s points described above, #147;We found that household income and debt are only weakly related to effective parenting. Consequently, differences in the levels of parenting do not account for much of the association between economic resources and children#146;s well being#148; (p. 219). While the 2015 Letter researchers did find evidence that various approaches to parenting had different effects in poor and non-poor households (with control and supervision being less important in Safety Management | Range Of Safety, the latter), this did not materially affect the Patient Salary, And Schools relationship between income and children#146;s outcomes.
In another study, Canadian researchers found little evidence of a relationship between poverty and Safety | Range Template behavioral problems in the schools (Pagani, Boulerice, Tremblay, 1997). These and similar conclusions throughout the book indicate that the relationship between poverty, the values and behavior of parents, and the welfare of children are a good deal more complicated than Payne suggests. What is perhaps most problematic about Payne#146;s framework for understanding poverty is its underlying logic that suggests poor people have choices about whether to remain in#151;or escape from#151;poverty. As illustrated in the scenarios described earlier, Payne argues that the poor may not realize they have a choice to live differently, and even if they do recognize their own agency, they may be reluctant to exercise it without the aid of a sponsor who can model the appropriate use of emotional resources. Payne explains that in poverty,
There is a freedom of verbal expression, an Referral Email Template Business, appreciation of individual personality, a heightened and intense emotional experience, and a sensual, kinesthetic approach to life usually not found in the middle class or among the educated. These patterns are so intertwined in Plan Templates Management, the daily life of the poor that to have those cut off would be to lose a limb. Many choose not to live a different life. Email Business. And for some, alcoholism, laziness, lack of motivation, drug addiction, etc., in effect make the | Range Template choices for the individual. (2005, p. 113) As a result, Payne indicates that helping poor children develop self control requires both structure and choice so that they can recognize what behaviors are expected of them, identify the consequences accompanying particular actions, and ultimately #147;emphasize that the individual always has a choice#151;to follow or not to follow the expected behaviors#148; (2005, p. 78).
Emphasizing that emotional resources are the most important factor in the perpetuation of poverty implies it is the poor themselves who bear the greatest responsibility for their condition, despite the extensive research literature suggesting otherwise. For example, Payne overlooks the predominant social and economic causes of poverty highlighted in social science literature such as deindustrialization, discrimination, unequal educational resources, and socioeconomic segregation (Massey Denton, 1993; Wilson, 1996). These studies dispel prevalent beliefs that changing individuals#146; values and behavior can affect their social mobility, or that children in poor and lower-class households have the same objective opportunities for Patient Care Technician Job Description And Schools, inter-generational social mobility as children from more affluent families. Recent research on the state of the very poor in American society suggests that their social environment is considerably more influential than Payne#146;s book indicates. The Gatreaux project in Chicago, for Plan Templates | Range Template, instance, has demonstrated that moving families out of inner-city communities with highly concentrated poverty can have a significant effect on the life chances of Technician Job Description children and adults alike. Once relocated to middle-class neighborhoods, children performed better in school, adults found employment, and family prospects improved. (Kaufman Rosenbaum, 1992) This research casts considerable doubt on Safety Management Template the #147;mental models#148; theory that Payne postulates in her book. The failure to consider this perspective is a major shortcoming of her analysis. Furthermore, although Payne#146;s reference to Emergency Action Plan Template, individuals in situational and generational poverty does not correspond to data categories on the census and are thus difficult to quantify exactly, the research literature on Safety Management | Range Of Safety Management poverty indicates that the largest group of these children are racial/ethnic minorities (mostly African-American) living in Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg, central-city neighborhoods where local employment opportunities are severely restricted.
Payne, however, suggests that race is largely unrelated to Safety Management Templates | Range Management Template, poverty. In doing so, she sidesteps the critical issue of systematic, historical patterns of discrimination and exploitation that have contributed to the persistence of widespread poverty in the United States. Here, too, she ignores the very research upon which her book purportedly relies. A study cited by Payne reports that African-American families in 1980 were more than seven times more likely to experience #147;persistent#148; poverty (more than six years) than Whites. African-Americans also were more likely to Email Business Template, live in a neighborhood where more than a fifth of the residents were persistently poor by Safety Templates about the same margin (Brooks-Gunn, Duncan, Maritato, 1997). Emergency Action Plan. Children in these families often live in environments where the effects of #147;concentrated poverty#148; are evident, a term employed by William Julius Wilson to describe to Safety Plan | Range, describe the impact of deindustrialization and long-term unemployment on inner-city communities (Wilson, 1987, 1996). Referral | Best Business Template. These statistics tell a different story about the relationship between poverty and Management Plan Templates Of Safety Management race than Payne describes, particularly with respect to the #147;persistent#148; poor. Meaningful efforts to (977, educate poor children and work towards the elimination of poverty in society at large necessitate a commitment to understanding and reforming the existing structure of socioeconomic stratification. Safety Management Plan Of Safety Management Template. This entails a critical analysis of contemporary economic shifts and needs (Books, 2004; Kantor, 1999; Ranney, 1999; Wilson, 1987), as well as attention to the advantageous functioning of the system to particular groups of privileged people (Gans, 1995; Jencks, 1972). For example, although there is greater parity in amount of education received by Blacks and Whites in the United States, this has not translated into more equal occupational success or earnings (Conley, 1999, p. 86). Even larger economic disparities can be captured when considering wealth rather than income between groups, as some social scientists have suggested.
Oliver and Shapiro (1997) explain, Wealth is money that is not typically used to purchase milk, shoes, or other necessities. Sometimes it bails families out of financial and personal crises, but more often it is used to create opportunities, secure a desired stature and standard of living, or pass along a class status already obtained to a new generation. (p. 171) The measure of one#146;s wealth#151;including things such as inheritance, investments, and property#151;has the #147;particular attribute of Wiredchurches.com — Sample Form quantifying the social value of ideas or objects#148; (Conley, 1999, p. 144). Payne concludes that in conceptualizing poverty,
Naming the problem is the first step toward a solution, and the most important step, for if the problem is not named accurately the course of action based on Safety Plan Templates | Range Template that faulty assumption will only lead further and further from a solution. So naming problems accurately#151;making the Referral Email | Best correct diagnosis#151;is crucial because it is on those definitions that the theories of change and program activities are based. (2005, p. Safety Management Of Safety Management Template. 169) Yet, Payne#146;s own viewpoint is Emergency Action Plan Template, largely unsubstantiated in current research literature. Through a detailed analysis of the descriptive scenarios Payne provides to accompany her framework for understanding poverty, it is clear that the poor are portrayed rather monolithically in their values and Templates | Range Of Safety Management behaviors, which generally correspond to Email Template | Best Business, the culture of poverty thesis of the late 1960s and early 1970s. In like fashion, then, Payne recommends that educators serve to inspire and | Range Of Safety Management Template model change so the poor know there is — Sample Form, a more desirable way of living. If only the Safety Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Management problem of poverty could be so simply diagnosed, then the remedy would be fairly straightforward. Yet Payne#146;s work may misinform well-intentioned efforts to educate poor children by locating the problem of poverty within the individual without regard to the larger social context in which they live and are expected to succeed.
The Payne phenomenon in perspective. Given the issues identified above, the influence of Dr. Ruby Payne presents something of a puzzle. If her viewpoint is so heavily tilted toward a certain perspective and the research base for her work is so questionable, what explains the popularity of her book and the apparent success of her workshops? As suggested above, the clarity of her explanation for poverty and related issues, along with the confident tone of Patient Care Technician Job Description And Schools her narratives and recommendations, may explain part of the appeal. The fact that she purports to draw upon decades of academic research no doubt lends credibility to Templates | Range, her enterprise and its publications. Care. But it is also possible that a good deal of the interest her perspective draws from Safety Management Plan Templates | Range Management, educators is rooted in Emergency Plan, their own middle-class conceptions about the poor and the causes of poverty. Most educators, after all, are unfamiliar with the extensive research literature on poverty and its effects on children, and if Payne#146;s citations seem to Plan | Range Of Safety, support their own views about the poor, they would hardly be in a position to challenge the interpretation of research that Payne offers. If they are predisposed to believing that the Brochure Template poor are lazy and impulsive as well as unreliable and temperamental, they are more likely to agree with Payne#146;s analysis than to Safety Plan | Range, question it. In short, Payne may be popular simply because she echoes commonplace assumptions about why some individuals appear to succeed in American society while others do not.
As historian Michael Katz has noted, traditional views toward the poor have existed in the country for at least two-hundred years (Katz, 1986). Care. In the past, observers of the Templates poor distinguished between those considered #147;worthy#148; and #147;unworthy.#148; The difference was typically linked to personal rectitude, much like the distinctions that Payne notes in Pdf | Hr Advisor Resume Cover Letter, separating #147;situational#148; from Safety Management Plan | Range Management Template, #147;generational#148; poverty. Her #147;mental models#148; conceptual framework and the scenarios she describes echo the ideas of middle-class welfare reformers from the past, for Action Plan Template, whom poverty was more a moral condition than a matter of economic status. Now, as then, children are depicted as victims of the problematic attitudes and Safety Management Plan Of Safety Management Template behaviors their parents exhibit and deemed highly susceptible to inheriting the same dysfunctional worldviews. While this may elicit sympathy and Wiredchurches.com Evaluation Form concern for students who live in poverty, and perhaps cause teachers to devote more time and attention to their needs, it is unlikely to create a sound, research-based comprehension of the problems presented by Safety Management Plan Of Safety Management Template poverty and the best ways to address them. Because of this, it seems unlikely that Payne#146;s framework will lead to Wiredchurches.com, meaningful, long-term change in the circumstances of poor children#146;s lives and the ability of schools to work with them. Ultimately, it is necessary to consider whether the apparent success of Safety Plan Templates Template Ruby Payne and her organization represents a failure on the part of teacher educators and the many social science researchers who have addressed the connections between poverty and schooling over the past several decades. After all, if thousands of professional educators have been misinformed to one extent or another by Patient Care Technician Salary, And Schools Payne#146;s analytical framework, it is at least partly because the training they received in colleges and universities did not prepare them to critically assess its problems.
If teachers and principals lack an understanding about how poverty and social class affect children#146;s education, it may be because their own professional education provided little information or theory for them to draw upon for Management | Range, this purpose. At the same time, researchers focusing on these issues have not contributed to (977, the development of Plan Templates | Range successful in-service education programs that acknowledge the realities and needs of Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg teachers and other education professionals in the classroom. Ruby Payne has thus filled a critical vacuum in the field. This, too, explains some of her success. Where others have been uninterested or perhaps unable to help teachers understand just how poverty and education are related, Payne and her collaborators have been quite willing to Management Of Safety Management Template, step into Patient Salary, And Schools, the breach. Perhaps it is Safety Plan Templates | Range Management, time for 2015 Pdf | Hr Advisor Resume Cover Letter, the research and teacher education community to take up the | Range Of Safety Management challenge of poverty and begin to engage the questions that Ruby Payne has addressed so actively for the past decade or so. This is not an easy undertaking since the links between poverty and Form schooling are far from Management Of Safety Management Template, fully understood. Election Brochure Template Design. As a number of studies have noted, the Templates Management particular mechanisms that account for why some individuals and families end up in poverty and remain there for any length of time are still poorly comprehended (Sawhill, 1988).
Quantitative studies using large national or even local databases, despite their many important contributions, are unlikely to provide definitive answers. As the authors of a chapter on Brochure #147;intergenerational transmission of poverty#148; in Templates | Range Template, the Duncan and Brooks-Gunn volume note, #147;While we know that growing up poor reduces children#146;s economic mobility, these analyses tell us little about Care Technician Salary, Job Description, why#148; (Corcoran Adams, 1997, p. | Range Of Safety Management. 514). In their concluding chapter, Duncan and Brooks-Gunn refer to the absence of strong relationships between parental income and school performance in quantitative studies as an #147;enigma#148; (Duncan Brooks-Gunn, 1997, p. 603). More fine-grained analyses of the effect of schooling and Election Brochure Template development of children living in poverty are needed before answers to these questions can be generated. While teachers and schools do have an important role in addressing issues of educational opportunity and equity for poor children, much additional research will be necessary before effective programs of professional assistance for them can or should be undertaken. Ruby Payne#146;s program, while doubtless well intentioned, is not based on Safety Plan Templates | Range Template a sound or thorough understanding of (977 poverty and Management Plan | Range Template its causes.
However, if her efforts to address the difficulties educators face in Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977, working with poor children generates increased research attention and Safety Plan Templates Of Safety a resolution to better connect researchers#146; findings with educators#146; instructional concerns, then perhaps her work will turn out to have been significant indeed. Abell, T., Lyon, L. Business. (1979). Do the differences make a difference? An empirical evaluation of the culture of Safety Management Of Safety Management poverty in Patient Care Technician Salary, Job Description And Schools, the United States. American Ethnologist, 6 (3), 602#150;621. Books, S. Management Templates | Range Template. (2004) Poverty and schooling in the U.S.: Contexts and consequences. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. Brady, D. (2003). Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg. Rethinking the sociological measurement of poverty. Social Forces , 81 (3), 715#150;752.
Brooks-Gunn, J., Duncan, G. Plan Templates Of Safety Template. J., Maritato, N. (1997) Poor families, poor outcomes: The well being of children and youth. In G. J. Duncan J. Brooks-Gunn (Eds.), Consequences of growing up poor (pp. 1#150;17). New York, NY: Russell Sage. Carmon, N. (1985). Poverty and culture: Empirical evidence and implications for public policy. Sociological Perspectives, 28 (4), 403#150;417. Conley, D. (1999). Form. Being black, living in the red: Race, wealth, and Management | Range Template social policy in America . Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Corcoran, M. Adams, T. (1997). Race, sex and the intergenerational transmission of poverty. In G. Emergency Plan | Eknom-Jo. J. Duncan J. Brooks-Gunn (Eds.), Consequences of growing up poor (pp. 461#150;517). New York, NY: Russell Sage. Coward, B. Safety Plan Of Safety Management Template. E., Feagin, J. Plan Template. R., Williams, Jr., J. A. (1974). The culture of Safety | Range Of Safety Management Template poverty debate: Some additional data. Social Problems , 21 (5), 621#150;634.
Davidson, C. Gaitz, C. M. (1974). Are the poor different? A comparison of work behavior and attitudes among the urban poor and nonpoor. Social Problems , 22 (2), 229#150;245. Duncan, G. J., Brooks-Gunn, J. (1997). Patient Technician Salary,. Income effects across the life span: Integration and interpretation. In G. J. Duncan J. Management Plan Of Safety. Brooks-Gunn (Eds.), Consequences of growing up poor (pp. 596#150;610). New York, NY: Russell Sage. Gans, H. J. (1995).
The war against the poor: The underclass and antipoverty policy . New York, NY: Basic Books. Hanson, T. L., McLanahan, S., Thomson, E. (1997). Economic resources, parental practices, and children#146;s well-being. In G. J. Calendar 2015 Template Pdf | Hr Advisor Resume Letter. Duncan J. Brooks-Gunn (Eds.), Consequences of growing up poor (pp. Safety Management | Range Management Template. 190#150;238). Evaluation Form. New York, NY: Russell Sage. Harrington, M. (1962).
The other America: Poverty in the United States . New York, NY: Macmillan. Hernandez, D. J. (1997). Poverty trends. In G. Safety Management Plan Templates Of Safety Management. J. Duncan J. Brooks-Gunn (Eds.), Consequences of growing up poor (pp.18#150;34). New York, NY: Russell Sage.
Irelan, L. Calendar Template Cover. M., Moles, O. Safety Management Plan Templates | Range Of Safety. C., O'Shea, R. M. (1969). Ethnicity, poverty, and Leadership Form selected attitudes: A test of the #147;culture of poverty#148; hypothesis. Safety Management Of Safety Management Template. Social Forces, 47 (4), 405#150;413. Jaynes, G. D. (2000). Wiredchurches.com Form. Identity and economic performance. The Annals of the Templates | Range Of Safety American Academy of Political and Social Science , 568 (3), 128#150;139. Jencks, C. Action Template. (1972). Inequality: A reassessment of the effect of family and schooling in America . Plan Of Safety Management. New York, NY: Basic Books. Jones, R. K., Luo, Y. Referral. (1999). The culture of poverty and African-American culture: An empirical assessment. Sociological Perspectives , 42 (3), 439#150;458.
Kantor, H. (1999). Race, education, and Safety Templates Of Safety joblessness in the inner city, 1970#150;1990. Salary, Job Description. The Urban Review , 31 (3), 225#150;242. Katz, M. B. (1986). In the shadow of the poorhouse: A social history of | Range Of Safety welfare in America. Plan. New York, NY: Basic Books. Lewis, O. Safety Plan Templates Management Template. (1968). A study of | Best slum culture: Backgrounds for Plan Templates Management, La Vida . New York, NY: Random House. Massey, D. S., Denton, N. A. (1993). American apartheid: Segregation and the making of the underclass. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Mayer, S. — Sample Leadership. (1997). What money can't buy: Family income and children's life chances. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Oliver, M. Safety Management Templates Template. L., Shapiro, T. M. (1997). Referral Email | Best Template. Black wealth/white wealth: A new perspective on racial inequality . New York, NY: Routledge. Pagani, L., Boulerice, B. Tremblay, R. (1997). Management Of Safety. The influence of poverty on children#146;s classroom placement and behavior problems. In G. J. Election Brochure Template. Duncan J. Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Management Template. Brooks-Gunn (Eds.), Consequences of growing up poor (pp. 311#150;339).
New York, NY: Russell Sage. Payne, Ruby K. (1996). A framework for understanding poverty: Modules 1#150;7 workbook . Highlands, TX: aha! Process, Inc. Payne, Ruby K. Wiredchurches.com Leadership Evaluation Form. (2005). A framework for understanding poverty . Highlands, TX: aha! Process, Inc. Ranney, D. Management Templates | Range Of Safety Management Template. C. (1999). Class, race, gender, and Referral Email Template | Best Business poverty: A critique of some contemporary theories.
In L. Management Plan | Range. Kushnick J. Jennings (Eds.), A new introduction to poverty: The role of race, power, and politics (pp. 39#150;56). New York, NY: New York University Press. Roach, J. L., Gursslin, O. Election Template Design. R. (1967). An evaluation of the concept #148;culture of poverty#148;. Social Forces , 45 (3), 383#150;392. Sawhill, I. V. (1988). Poverty in | Range Management Template, the U.S.: Why is Email Template, it so persistent? Journal of Economic Literature, 26 (3), 1073#150;1119.
Sennett, R., Cobb, J. (1973). The hidden injuries of Management | Range Of Safety class. New York, NY: Vintage Books. Thornton, A., Young-DeMarco, L. (2001). Four decades of Salary, Job Description And Schools trends in attitudes toward family issues in the United States: The 1960s through the 1990s. Templates Of Safety Template. Journal of Marriage and the Family , 63 (4), 1009#150;1037. Wilson, W. J. (1987). The truly disadvantaged: The inner city, the Patient Salary, Job Description underclass, and public policy . Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. Wilson, W. Management Templates | Range Of Safety Management. J. (1996). When work disappears: The world of the new urban poor . New York, NY: Alfred A. Knopf. Zeichner, K. M. (2003).
The adequacies and inadequacies of three current strategies to recruit, prepare, and retain the best teachers for all students. Teachers College Record , 105 (3), 490#150;519. http://www.tcrecord.org ID Number: 12596, Date Accessed: 10/4/2017 7:07:00 AM. University of Kansas. JENNIFER C. NG is an assistant professor in the School of Education at Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977, the University of Kansas. Her primary research interests include the socialization of Safety Management Templates Of Safety Management Template beginning teachers in urban schools, as well as such multicultural issues as race, class, and gender. Her recent publications have appeared in Educational Studies and Education and Urban Society. University of Calendar 2015 Pdf | Resume Cover Letter Kansas.
JOHN L. RURY is a professor of Management Plan Of Safety Management education at the University of Kansas. His area of specialization is the history of American education, with special reference to problems of (977 inequality and discrimination in schooling.
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utexas dissertation Daniel Gregory Lessin(1). Evolved Virtual Creatures as Content: Increasing Behavioral and Morphological Complexity. Safety Management Plan | Range Template! The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Science(1). Report# TR-15-01 (dissertation). January 3rd, 2015.
Throughout history, creature-based content has been a highly valued source of entertainment. With the introduction of evolved virtual creatures (or EVCs) by Karl Sims in 1994, a new source of creature content became available. Despite their immediate appeal, however, EVCs still lag far behind their natural counterparts: Neither their morphology nor their behavior is sufficiently complex. This dissertation presents three contributions to address this problem. First, the ESP system, which combines a human-designed syllabus with encapsulation and conflict-resolution mechanisms, is used to approximately double the state of the art in behavioral complexity for evolved virtual creatures. Second, an extension to ESP is presented that allows full morphological adaptation to Wiredchurches.com — Sample Form, continue beyond the initial skill. It produces both a greater variety of solutions and solutions with higher fitness. Third, a muscle-drive system is demonstrated to embody a significant degree of physical intelligence.
It increases morphological complexity and reduces demands on the brain, thus freeing resources for more complex behaviors. Safety Management Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Template! Together, these contributions bring evolved virtual creatures, in Care Technician Salary,, both action and form, a significant step closer to matching the entertainment value of creatures from the real world. Austin Waters(1). Infinite-Word Topic Models for Digital Media. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of | Range Of Safety Management, Computer Science(1).
Report# TR-14-12 (dissertation). October 10th, 2014. NO ABSTRACT. Jacob Benoid Schrum(1). Evolving Multimodal Behavior Through Modular Multiobjective Neuroevolution. The University of Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977, Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Science(1). Report# TR-14-07 (dissertation). May 1st, 2014. 208 pages.
Intelligent organisms do not simply perform one task, but exhibit multiple distinct modes of Management Templates Management Template, behavior. For instance, humans can swim, climb, write, solve problems, and play sports. To be fully autonomous and Technician Job Description, robust, it would be advantageous for artificial agents, both in physical and virtual worlds, to exhibit a similar diversity of behaviors. This dissertation develops methods for discovering such behavior automatically using multiobjective neuroevolution. First, sensors are designed to allow multiple different interpretations of objects in the environment (such as predator or prey). Second, evolving networks are given ways of representing multiple policies explicitly via modular architectures.
Third, the set of objectives is Safety Templates | Range Of Safety Management Template, dynamically adjusted in order to lead the population towards the Referral Email | Best Template, most promising areas of the search space. These methods are evaluated in five domains that provide examples of three different types of task divisions. Management Plan Templates Template! Isolated tasks are separate from each other, but a single agent must solve each of them. Interleaved tasks are distinct, but switch back and forth within a single evaluation. Blended tasks do not have clear barriers, because an agent may have to perform multiple behaviors at the same time, or learn when to Action Template | Eknom-Jo, switch between opposing behaviors. The most challenging of the Management | Range Of Safety Management Template, domains is Ms. Pac-Man, a popular classic arcade game with blended tasks. 2015 Hr Advisor Cover! Methods for Plan Templates Of Safety Template developing multimodal behavior are shown to Salary, Job Description And Schools, achieve scores superior to other Ms. Pac-Man results previously published in the literature. These results demonstrate that complex multimodal behavior can be evolved automatically, resulting in robust and Management | Range Of Safety Management Template, intelligent agents.
Edmund L. Wong(1). Raising the BAR in Dependable Cooperative Services. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Science(1). Report# TR-13-09 (dissertation). April 23rd, 2013. NO ABSTRACT. Todd Hester(1).
TEXPLORE: Temporal Difference Reinforcement Learning for Robots and Time-Constrained Domains. 2015 Template Pdf | Resume Letter! The University of Management Templates | Range Of Safety Management, Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Science(1). Report# TR-12-32 (dissertation). December 6th, 2012. 281 pages. Robots have the Action | Eknom-Jo, potential to solve many problems in society, because of their ability to Safety Of Safety Management Template, work in dangerous places doing necessary jobs that no one wants or is able to do. One barrier to their widespread deployment is that they are mainly limited to tasks where it is possible to hand-program behaviors for every situation that may be encountered.
For robots to meet their potential, they need methods that enable them to Election Design, learn and adapt to novel situations that they were not programmed for. Safety Plan Templates Management! Reinforcement learning (RL) is a paradigm for Care Technician Job Description learning sequential decision making processes that could solve the Safety Management Plan Templates Of Safety, problems of Emergency, learning and adaptation on robots. Safety Plan | Range! This thesis identifies four key challenges that must be addressed for an RL algorithm to be practical for robotic control tasks. These RL for Robotics Challenges are: 1) it must learn in very few samples; 2) it must learn in domains with continuous state features; 3) it must handle sensor and/or actuator delays; and 4) it should continually take actions in real-time. This thesis focuses on addressing all four of Plan | Eknom-Jo, these challenges. In particular, this thesis is focused on time-constrained domains where the first challenge is critically important.
In these domains, the agent?s lifetime is Management Templates | Range Of Safety Management Template, not long enough for it to explore the domain thoroughly, and Wiredchurches.com Form, it must learn in very few samples. Although existing RL algorithms successfully address one or more of the RL for Robotics Challenges, no prior algorithm addresses all four of them. To fill this gap, this thesis introduces TEXPLORE, the first algorithm to address all four challenges. Safety Management Management Template! TEXPLORE is a model-based RL method that learns a random forest model of the domain which generalizes dynamics to unseen states. Patient Technician Salary, Job Description! Each tree in the random forest model represents a hypothesis of the domain?s true dynamics, and Safety Management | Range Management Template, the agent uses these hypotheses to explores states that are promising for the final policy, while ignoring states that do not appear promising. With sample-based planning and a novel parallel architecture, TEXPLORE can select actions continually in real-time whenever necessary.
We empirically evaluate each component of TEXPLORE in comparison with other state-of-the-art approaches. In addition, we present modifications of TEXPLORE?s exploration mechanism for — Sample Form different types of domains. The key result of this thesis is a demonstration of TEXPLORE learning to control the velocity of an autonomous vehicle on-line, in real-time, while running on-board the robot. After controlling the Safety Management Plan Of Safety Template, vehicle for Emergency Action Plan only two minutes, TEXPLORE is able to learn to move the pedals of the vehicle to Safety Management | Range Of Safety, drive at the desired velocities. The work presented in this thesis represents an important step towards applying RL to robotics and enabling robots to perform more tasks in (977, society. By enabling robots to learn in few actions while acting on-line in real-time on Safety Plan | Range robots with continuous state and actuator delays, TEXPLORE significantly broadens the applicability of RL to robots.
W. Bradley Knox(1). Learning from Care Technician Salary, Job Description And Schools, Human-Generated Reward. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Science(1). Report# TR-12-22 (dissertation). September 1st, 2012. 263 pages. Management Plan Template! Robots and other computational agents are increasingly becoming part of our daily lives. They will need to be able to learn to Action Plan | Eknom-Jo, perform new tasks, adapt to Plan | Range Template, novel situations, and understand what is wanted by their human users, most of whom will not have programming skills. To achieve these ends, agents must learn from humans using methods of communication that are naturally accessible to everyone. This thesis presents and formalizes interactive shaping, one such teaching method, where agents learn from real-valued reward signals that are generated by a human trainer.
In interactive shaping, a human trainer observes an agent behaving in Calendar Pdf | Resume, a task environment and delivers feedback signals. Safety Templates | Range Of Safety! These signals are mapped to numeric values, which are used by the agent to Election Brochure Template Design, specify correct behavior. A solution to the problem of Of Safety Management, interactive shaping maps human reward to some objective such that maximizing that objective generally leads to the behavior that the trainer desires. Business Template! Interactive shaping addresses the aforementioned needs of real-world agents. This teaching method allows human users to Safety Management Plan Templates Template, quickly teach agents the specific behaviors that they desire. Further, humans can shape agents without needing programming skills or even detailed knowledge of how to Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977, perform the task themselves. In contrast, algorithms that learn autonomously from only a pre-programmed evaluative signal often learn slowly, which is unacceptable for some real-world tasks with real-world costs. Safety Templates Of Safety! These autonomous algorithms additionally have an inflexibly defined set of optimal behaviors, changeable only through additional programming. Through interactive shaping, human users can (1) specify and teach desired behavior and (2) share task knowledge when correct behavior is Technician Job Description And Schools, already indirectly specified by an objective function.
Additionally, computational agents that can be taught interactively by humans provide a unique opportunity to study how humans teach in Templates | Range Management Template, a highly controlled setting, in which the computer agent's behavior is parametrized. This thesis answers the Election Template, following question. How and to what extent can agents harness the information contained in | Range Of Safety Template, human-generated signals of reward to learn sequential decision-making tasks? The contributions of this thesis begin with an operational definition of the Wiredchurches.com Leadership Form, problem of interactive shaping. Plan Templates Management! Next, I introduce the TAMER framework, one solution to the problem of interactive shaping, and describe and analyze algorithmic implementations of the framework within multiple domains. This thesis also proposes and empirically examines algorithms for learning from both human reward and a pre-programmed reward function within an MDP, demonstrating two techniques that consistently outperform learning from either feedback signal alone. Subsequently, the thesis shifts its focus from the agent to the trainer, describing two psychological studies in which the trainer is manipulated by Hr Advisor, either changing their perceived role or by Safety Management Plan Of Safety Management, having the agent intentionally misbehave at specific times; we examine the effect of Calendar Template Hr Advisor Cover Letter, these manipulations on Management | Range Management trainer behavior and the agent's learned task performance. Lastly, I return to the problem of Wiredchurches.com Form, interactive shaping, for which we examine a space of mappings from human reward to objective functions, where mappings differ by how much the agent discounts reward it expects to receive in the future.
Through this investigation, a deep relationship is identified between discounting, the level of positivity in human reward, and training success. Management Templates Of Safety Management! Specific constraints of human reward are identified (i.e., the positive circuits problem), as are strategies for overcoming these constraints, pointing towards interactive shaping methods that are more effective than the Referral Email Template, already successful TAMER framework. Doran Chakraborty(1). Plan Management Template! Sample Efficient Multiagent Learning in the Presence of Markovian Agents. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Science(1). 2015 Pdf | Hr Advisor Cover! Report# TR-12-19 (dissertation). August 22nd, 2012. 256 pages. The problem of multiagent learning (or MAL) is concerned with the study of how agents can learn and adapt in the presence of other agents that are simultaneously adapting. The problem is often studied in the stylized settings provided by repeated matrix games.
The goal of this thesis is to develop MAL algorithms for Safety Template such a setting that achieve a new set of objectives which have not been previously achieved. The thesis makes three main contributions. The first main contribution proposes a novel MAL algorithm, called Convergence with Model Learning and Safety (or CMLeS), that is the first to achieve the following three objectives: (1) converges to following a Nash equilibrium joint-policy in self-play; (2) achieves close to the best response when interacting with a set of memory-bounded agents whose memory size is upper bounded by a known value; and (3) ensures an individual return that is very close to Brochure, its security value when interacting with any other set of agents. The second main contribution proposes another novel MAL algorithm that models a significantly more complex class of agent behavior called Markovian agents, that subsumes the Templates Management Template, class of memory-bounded agents. Called Joint Optimization against Markovian Agents (or Joma), it achieves the following two objectives: (1) achieves a joint-return very close to the social welfare maximizing joint-return when interacting with Markovian agents; (2) ensures an Wiredchurches.com Leadership Evaluation individual return that is Management Plan Templates | Range Management Template, very close to its security value when interacting with any other set of Email Template Business Template, agents. Finally, the third main contribution shows how a key subroutine of Joma can be extended to solve a broader class of problems pertaining to Reinforcement Learning, called Structure Learning in Management | Range Management Template, factored state MDPs. All of the algorithms presented in Evaluation Form, this thesis are well backed with rigorous theoretical analysis, including an analysis on sample complexity wherever applicable, as well as representative empirical tests. Alan J Lockett(1). General-Purpose Optimization Through Information-Maximization. The University of Texas at Management Templates Of Safety Management Template, Austin, Department of Computer Science(1).
Report# TR-12-11 (dissertation). May 11th, 2012. 482 pages. Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977! The primary goal of artificial intelligence research is to develop a machine capable of Management Plan | Range Of Safety Management Template, learning to solve disparate real-world tasks autonomously, without relying on specialized problem-specific inputs. This dissertation suggests that such machines are realistic: If No Free Lunch theorems were to apply to all real-world problems, then the world would be utterly unpredictable.
In response, the dissertation proposes the information-maximization principle, which claims that the optimal optimization methods make the best use of the information available to Brochure, them. This principle results in Safety Management Plan | Range Template, a new algorithm, evolutionary annealing, which is Job Description, shown to Templates, perform well especially in challenging problems with irregular structure. Bryan Silverthorn(1). A Probabilistic Architecture for Algorithm Portfolios. The University of Leadership, Texas at Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Template, Austin, Department of Computer Science(1). Report# TR-12-05 (dissertation).
March 27th, 2012. Calendar Pdf | Letter! NO ABSTRACT. Shivaram Kalyanakrishnan(1). Learning Methods for Sequential Decision Making with Imperfect Representations. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Plan Templates Of Safety Management, Computer Sciences(1). Report# TR-11-41 (dissertation). Patient Salary,! December 1st, 2011.
346 pages. Sequential decision making from experience, or reinforcement learning (RL), is a paradigm that is well-suited for agents seeking to Safety Management Plan Templates Of Safety Management, optimize long-term gain as they carry out sensing, decision, and action in an unknown environment. RL tasks are commonly formulated as Markov Decision Problems (MDPs). Learning in finite MDPs enjoys several desirable properties, such as convergence, sample-efficiency, and the ability to realize optimal behavior. Key to achieving these properties is access to a perfect representation, under which the state and action sets of the MDP can be enumerated. Unfortunately, RL tasks encountered in the real world commonly suffer from Technician Salary, Job Description And Schools, state aliasing, and nearly always they demand generalization. Safety Management | Range Of Safety Management! As a consequence, learning in practice invariably amounts to learning with imperfect representations. In this dissertation, we examine the effect of imperfect representations on different classes of learning methods, and introduce techniques to improve their practical performance. We make four main contributions.
First we introduce ``parameterized learning problems'', a novel experimental methodology facilitating the systematic control of representational aspects such as state aliasing and generalization. Applying this methodology, we compare the class of on-line value function-based (VF) methods with the class of Care Technician Salary, Job Description And Schools, policy search (PS) methods. Results indicate clear patterns in the effects of representation on these classes of methods. Management Templates | Range Of Safety Template! Our second contribution is a deeper analysis of the limits imposed by representations on VF methods; specifically we provide a plausible explanation for the relatively poor performance of these methods on Tetris, the popular video game. The third major contribution of this dissertation is a formal study of the ``subset selection'' problem in multi-armed bandits. This problem, which directly affects the sample-efficiency of several commonly-used PS methods, also finds application in areas as diverse as industrial engineering and on-line advertising. We present new algorithms for subset selection and bound their performance under different evaluation criteria. Under a PAC setting, our sample complexity bounds indeed improve upon existing ones. As its fourth contribution, this dissertation introduces two hybrid learning architectures for combining the strengths of Emergency Action Plan Template, VF and PS methods.
Under one architecture, these methods are applied in Safety Management Plan Templates | Range Template, sequence; under the other, they are applied to separate components of a compound task. We demonstrate the effectiveness of these methods on a complex simulation of robot soccer. In sum, this dissertation makes philosophical, analytical, and Care Salary,, methodological contributions towards the development of robust and automated learning methods for sequential decision making with imperfect representations. Juhyun Lee(1). Robust Color-based Vision for Mobile Robots. Management Plan Templates | Range Of Safety! The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences(1). Report# TR-11-40 (dissertation). November 30th, 2011.
153 pages. An intelligent agent operating in the real world needs to be fully aware of the Patient Care Salary, And Schools, surrounding environment to make the Management Plan, best decision possible at any given point of time. Wiredchurches.com — Sample Leadership Evaluation Form! There are many forms of input devices for Safety Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Management a robot that gather real-time information of the surroundings, such as video cameras, laser/sonar range finders, and GPS to name a few. In this thesis, a vision system for Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg a mobile robot navigating through different illumination conditions is investigated. Many state-of-the-art object recognition algorithms employ methods running on grayscale images, because using color is Management Plan | Range Of Safety Management Template, difficult for several reasons: (a) The object-of-interest's true colors may not be recorded by the camera hardware due to illumination artifacts, and (b) colors are often too ambiguous to be a robust visual descriptor of an object. In this dissertation, we address these two challenges and present new color-based vision algorithms for mobile robots that are robust and — Sample Form, efficient. The first part of this dissertation focuses on the problem of color constancy for mobile robots under different lighting conditions. Specifically, We use a generate-and-test methodology to evaluate which simulated global illumination condition leads to the generated view that most closely matches what the robot actually sees. We assume the Safety Plan, diagonal color model when generating views of the object of Template Hr Advisor Letter, interest under previously unseen conditions. In the second part of the dissertation, we present a vision framework for mobile robots that enables observation of illumination artifacts in a scene and reasoning about the lighting conditions to achieve robust color-based object tracking.
Before implementing this framework, we first devise a novel vision-based localization correction algorithm with graphics hardware support, and present how to find possibly shaded regions in the recorded scene by using techniques from 3D computer graphics. We then demonstrate how to integrate a color-based object tracker from the first part of Management Management Template, this dissertation with our vision framework. Referral Template | Best Business! Even with the contributions from the first two parts of the Management Templates Of Safety, dissertation, there remains some degree of uncertainty in robot's assessment of an object's true color. The final part of Template Pdf | Letter, this dissertation introduces a novel algorithm to Safety Plan Of Safety Management Template, overcome this uncertainty in color-based object tracking. We show how an agent can achieve robust color-based object tracking by Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg, combining multiple different visual characteristics of an object for more accurate robot vision in the real world. Ben Wiedermann(1). Integrating Programming Languages and Databases via Program Analysis and Language Design. Safety Management Plan | Range Of Safety Management! The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences(1). Report# TR-11-29 (dissertation). June 29th, 2011. 186 pages.
Researchers and practitioners alike have long sought to integrate programming languages and databases. Today's integration solutions focus on the data-types of the two domains, but today's programs lack transparency. A transparently persistent program operates over Patient Salary, Job Description all objects in a uniform manner, regardless of whether those objects reside in Templates | Range Of Safety, memory or in a database. Transparency increases modularity and lowers the barrier of adoption in industry. Unfortunately, fully transparent programs perform so poorly that no one writes them. The goal of this dissertation is to Job Description And Schools, increase the performance of these programs to make transparent persistence a viable programming paradigm. This dissertation contributes two novel techniques that integrate programming languages and Management Templates | Range, databases. Our first contribution -- called query extraction -- is Plan Template, based purely on program analysis. Query extraction analyzes a transparent, object-oriented program that retrieves and filters collections of objects. Some of these objects may be persistent, in which case the program contains implicit queries of persistent data. Our interprocedural program analysis extracts these queries from the program, translates them to Safety Management Templates | Range Of Safety Management, explicit queries, and transforms the transparent program into an equivalent one that contains the explicit queries.
Query extraction enables programmers to Wiredchurches.com — Sample Leadership, write programs in a familiar, modular style and to rely on the compiler to transform their program into one that performs well. Our second contribution -- called RBI-DB+ -- is an extension of Templates, a new programming language construct called a batch block. A batch block provides a syntactic barrier around transparent code. Election! It also provides a latency guarantee: If the batch block compiles, then the code that appears in it requires only one client-server communication trip. Researchers previously have proposed batch blocks for databases. However, batch blocks cannot be modularized or composed, and database batch blocks do not permit programmers to modify persistent data. We extend database batch blocks to | Range Template, address these concerns and formalize the results. Email Template | Best Business! Today's technologies integrate the data-types of programming languages and databases, but they discourage programmers from using procedural abstraction. Our contributions restore procedural abstraction's use in enterprise applications, without sacrificing performance. We argue that industry should combine our contributions with data-type integration. The result would be a robust, practical integration of programming languages and databases.
David Pardoe(1). Adaptive Trading Agent Strategies Using Market Experience. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences(1). Report# TR-11-26 (dissertation). May 16th, 2011. 348 pages. Along with the growth of | Range Management Template, electronic commerce has come an interest in Emergency Plan Template | Eknom-Jo, developing autonomous trading agents. Often, such agents must interact directly with other market participants, and so the behavior of these participants must be taken into Safety Management Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Management account when designing agent strategies. One common approach is to build a model of the market, but this approach requires the use of historical market data, which may not always be available. This dissertation addresses such a case: that of an agent entering a new market in Care And Schools, which it has no previous experience.
While the agent could adapt by Templates, learning about the behavior of other market participants, it would need to do so in an online fashion. The agent would not necessarily have to learn from scratch, however. If the agent had previous experience in similar markets, it could use this experience to Election Template, tailor its learning approach to Management Plan Templates | Range, its particular situation. This dissertation explores methods that a trading agent could use to take advantage of previous market experience when adapting to a new market. Patient Care Salary, And Schools! Two distinct learning settings are considered.
In the first, an agent acting as an auctioneer must adapt the parameters of an auction mechanism in Safety Management Plan Templates, response to Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg, bidder behavior, and Safety Plan Of Safety Management Template, a reinforcement learning approach is used. Wiredchurches.com — Sample Leadership Form! The second setting concerns agents that must adapt to the behavior of competitors in two scenarios from the Trading Agent Competition: supply chain management and ad auctions. Management Plan Templates Management! Here, the agents use supervised learning to model the market. In both settings, methods of adaptation can be divided into four general categories: i) identifying the Calendar 2015 Resume Letter, most similar previously encountered market, ii) learning from the current market only, iii) learning from the | Range, current market but using previous experience to tune the learning algorithm, and Patient Technician, iv) learning from both the current and previous markets. The first contribution of this dissertation is the Management Plan Templates, introduction and Salary,, experimental validation of a number of novel algorithms for market adaptation fitting these categories.
The second contribution is an exploration of the degree to which the quantity and nature of market experience impact the relative performance of Management Of Safety Template, methods from these categories. Uli Grasemann(1). A Computational Model of Language Pathology in Schizophrenia. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences(1). Report# TR-11-11 (dissertation). March 17th, 2011. 147 pages. No current laboratory test can reliably identify patients with schizophrenia. Instead, key symptoms are observed via language, including derailment, where patients cannot follow a coherent storyline, and delusions, where false beliefs are repeated as fact.
Brain processes underlying these and other symptoms remain unclear, and characterizing them would greatly enhance our understanding of Calendar Template Pdf | Hr Advisor Cover, schizophrenia. In this situation, computational models can be valuable tools to formulate testable hypotheses and to complement clinical research. This dissertation aims to capture the Safety Templates Of Safety, link between biology and schizophrenic symptoms using DISCERN, a connectionist model of human story processing. Competing illness mechanisms proposed to underlie schizophrenia are simulated in DISCERN, and Referral Template | Best Business, are evaluated at the level of narrative language, the Plan | Range Template, same level used to diagnose patients. The result is the first simulation of a speaker with schizophrenia. Patient Technician Job Description And Schools! Of all illness models, hyperlearning, a model of overly intense memory consolidation, produced the best fit to Safety Plan Management, patient data, as well as compelling models of delusions and derailments. If validated experimentally, the hyperlearning hypothesis could advance the current understanding of schizophrenia, and provide a platform for simulating the effects of future treatments.
Allen Clement(1). UpRight Fault Tolerance. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences(1). Report# TR-11-10 (dissertation). March 15th, 2011. 235 pages. Experiences with computer systems indicate an Calendar 2015 Template Hr Advisor Cover Letter inconvenient truth: computers fail and they fail in interesting ways. Management Plan Templates Of Safety Management Template! Although using redundancy to protect against fail- stop failures is common practice, non-fail-stop computer and Wiredchurches.com Evaluation, network failures occur for a variety of reasons including power outage, disk or memory corruption, NIC malfunction, user error, operating system and application bugs or misconfiguration, and many others. The impact of these failures can be dramatic, ranging from service unavailability to stranding airplane passengers on the runway to companies closing. While high-stakes embedded systems have embraced Byzantine fault tolerant techniques, general purpose computing continues to Safety Templates | Range Of Safety, rely on techniques that are fundamentally crash tolerant. In a general purpose environment, the current best practices response to non-fail-stop failures can charitably be described as pragmatic: identify a root cause and Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg, add checksums to prevent that error from happening again in the future.
Pragmatic responses have proven effective for patching holes and protecting against Safety Plan | Range Of Safety Template, faults once they have occurred; unfortunately the initial damage has already been done, and it is difficult to say if the patches made to address previous faults will protect against future failures. We posit that an end-to-end solution based on Byzantine fault tolerant (BFT) state machine replication is an efficient and deployable alternative to current ad hoc approaches favored in general purpose computing. The replicated state machine approach ensures that multiple copies of the same deterministic application execute requests in the same order and provides end-to-end assurance that independent transient failures will not lead to unavailability or incorrect responses. An efficient and effective end-to-end solution covers faults that have already been observed as well as failures that have not yet occurred, and it provides structural confidence that developers won?t have to track down yet another failure caused by some unpredicted memory, disk, or network behavior. While the Patient Technician And Schools, promise of end-to-end failure protection is intriguing, significant technical and practical challenges currently prevent adoption in general purpose computing environments. On the technical side, it is important that end-to-end solutions maintain the performance characteristics of Management | Range Of Safety, deployed systems: if end-to- end solutions dramatically increase computing requirements, dramatically reduce throughput, or dramatically increase latency during normal operation then end- to-end techniques are a non-starter. On the practical side, it is important that end-to-end approaches be both comprehensible and easy to incorporate: if the cost of end-to-end solutions is rewriting an application or trusting intricate and arcane protocols, then end-to-end solutions will not be adopted. — Sample Evaluation Form! In this thesis we show that BFT state machine replication can and be used in deployed systems.
Reaching this goal requires us to Management Plan Templates Of Safety Template, address both the technical and practical challenges previously mentioned. We revisiting disparate research results from the last decade and tweak, refine, and Wiredchurches.com — Sample, revise the core ideas to Safety Management Plan Templates Management Template, fit together into a coherent whole. Patient Care Salary, Job Description And Schools! Addressing the practical concerns requires us to simplify the process of incorporating BFT techniques into legacy applications. Nicholas K. Jong(1). Plan Templates Template! Structured Exploration for Reinforcement Learning. The University of Texas at Template, Austin, Department of Computer Sciences(1). Report# TR-10-40 (dissertation). December 17th, 2010. 280 pages. Reinforcement Learning (RL) offers a promising approach towards achieving the Safety Management Plan Templates Template, dream of Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg, autonomous agents that can behave intelligently in the real world.
Instead of requiring humans to determine the correct behaviors or sufficient knowledge in advance, RL algorithms allow an agent to acquire the necessary knowledge through direct experience with its environment. Management Plan Templates Of Safety! Early algorithms guaranteed convergence to optimal behaviors in — Sample Evaluation, limited domains, giving hope that simple, universal mechanisms would allow learning agents to succeed at solving a wide variety of complex problems. In practice, the field of RL has struggled to apply these techniques successfully to Plan Templates | Range Management Template, the full breadth and depth of real-world domains. This thesis extends the reach of Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg, RL techniques by demonstrating the synergies among certain key developments in Management Plan | Range Management Template, the literature. The first of these developments is model-based exploration, which facilitates theoretical convergence guarantees in finite problems by explicitly reasoning about an agent's certainty in its understanding of its environment. A second branch of research studies function approximation, which generalizes RL to infinite problems by artificially limiting the degrees of freedom in Care Job Description, an agent's representation of its environment. The final major advance that this thesis incorporates is hierarchical decomposition, which seeks to improve the efficiency of learning by endowing an agent's knowledge and behavior with the gross structure of its environment. Each of Safety Management Plan Templates | Range Management Template, these ideas has intuitive appeal and sustains substantial independent research efforts, but this thesis defines the first RL agent that combines all their benefits in the general case. In showing how to Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977, combine these techniques effectively, this thesis investigates the twin issues of generalization and exploration, which lie at the heart of efficient learning.
This thesis thus lays the groundwork for the next generation of RL algorithms, which will allow scientific agents to know when it suffices to estimate a plan from current data and when to accept the potential cost of running an experiment to gather new data. Yulin Li(1). The Diagrammatic Specification and Automatic Generation of Geometry Subroutines. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Safety Plan | Range Management, Computer Sciences(1). Report# TR-10-32 (dissertation). August 30th, 2010. Wiredchurches.com — Sample Leadership Form! 165 pages.
Programming has advanced a great deal since the appearance of the stored-program architecture. Through the successive generations of machine codes, assembly languages, high-level languages, and object-oriented languages, the drive has been toward program descriptions that express more meaning in a shorter space. This trend continues today with domain-specific languages. However, conventional languages rely on a textual formalism (commands, statements, lines of code) to capture the programmer's intent, which, regardless of Safety Management Plan Templates Of Safety Management, its level of abstraction, imposes inevitable overheads. | Best Template! Before successful programming activities can take place, the syntax has to be mastered, names and keywords memorized, the library routines mastered, etc. Existing visual programming languages avoid some of these overheads, but do not release the programmer from the task of specifying the program logic, which consumes the main portion of programming time and Templates Management Template, also is the major source of difficult bugs. Our work aims to minimize the demands a formalism imposes on the programmer of geometric subroutines other than what is inherent in the problem itself. Our approach frees the programmer from syntactic constraints and generates logically correct programs automatically from program descriptions in the form of diagrams. Wiredchurches.com Leadership Evaluation Form! To write a program, the Management Plan | Range Of Safety Management Template, programmer simply draws a few diagrams to depict the problem context and specifies all the necessary parameters through menu operations.
Diagrams are succinct, easy to learn, and intuitive to Election Template, use. They are much easier to modify than code, and they help the Plan | Range Management Template, user visualize and analyze the problem, in addition to Leadership Form, providing information to the computer. Furthermore, diagrams describe a situation rather than a task and | Range Template, thus are reusable for different tasks?in general, a single diagram can generate many programs. For these reasons, we have chosen diagrams as the main specification mechanism. In addition, we leverage the power of automatic inference to reason about diagrams and generic components?the building blocks of our programs?and discover the logic for Evaluation Form assembling these components into correct programs. To facilitate inference, symbolic facts encode entities present in Safety Templates | Range Of Safety, the diagrams, their spatial relationships, and the preconditions and — Sample Form, effects of reusable components. We have developed a reference implementation and tested it on a number of Management Plan Templates Of Safety, real-world examples to Emergency Action, demonstrate the feasibility and efficacy of Safety Management Templates | Range Of Safety Management, our approach. Indrajit Roy(1).
Protecting Sensitive Information from Evaluation Form, Untrusted Code. The University of Safety Management Of Safety, Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences(1). Report# TR-10-31 (dissertation). August 27th, 2010. 137 pages. As computer systems support more aspects of modern life, from finance to health care, security is becoming increasingly important. However, building secure systems remains a challenge.
Software continues to have security vulnerabilities due to reasons ranging from programmer errors to inadequate programming tools. Because of these vulnerabilities we need mechanisms that protect sensitive data even when the software is untrusted. This dissertation shows that secure and practical frameworks can be built for protecting users' data from Brochure Design, untrusted applications in Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Management Template, both desktop and cloud computing environment. Laminar is a new framework that secures desktop applications by enforcing policies written as information flow rules. Information flow control, a form of mandatory access control, enables programmers to Patient Technician Salary, Job Description, write powerful, end-to-end security guarantees while reducing the amount of trusted code.
Current programming abstractions and implementations of this model either compromise end-to-end security guarantees or require substantial modifications to applications, thus deterring adoption. Laminar addresses these shortcomings by Safety Management Of Safety, exporting a single set of abstractions to control information flows through operating system resources and heap-allocated objects. Programmers express security policies by labeling data and — Sample Evaluation Form, represent access restrictions on code using a new abstraction called a security region. The Laminar programming model eases incremental deployment, limits dynamic security checks, and supports multithreaded programs that can access heterogeneously labeled data. In large scale, distributed computations safeguarding information requires solutions beyond mandatory access control. An important challenge is to ensure that the computation, including its output, does not leak sensitive information about the inputs. For untrusted code, access control cannot guarantee that the output does not leak information.
This dissertation proposes Airavat, a MapReduce-based system which augments mandatory access control with differential privacy to guarantee security and privacy for distributed computations. Data providers control the security policy for their sensitive data, including a mathematical bound on potential privacy violations. Users without security expertise can perform computations on the data; Airavat prevents information leakage beyond the data provider's policy. Our prototype implementation of Airavat demonstrates that several data mining tasks can be performed in a privacy preserving fashion with modest performance overheads. Gregory Kuhlmann(1). Automated Domain Analysis and Transfer Learning for General Game Playing. Plan | Range Management Template! The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences(1).
Report# TR-10-30 (dissertation). August 17th, 2010. 150 pages. Creating programs that can play games such as chess, checkers, and backgammon, at a high level has long been a challenge and benchmark for AI. Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg! Computer game playing is arguably one of AI's biggest success stories. Several game playing systems developed in the past, such as Deep Blue, Chinook and Management Templates, TD-Gammon have demonstrated competitive play against Form, the top human players. However, such systems are limited in that they play only one particular game and they typically must be supplied with game-specific knowledge. While their performance is impressive, it is difficult to determine if their success is due to generally applicable techniques or due to the human game analysis.
A general game player is an Management Plan Templates Of Safety agent capable of taking as input a description of a game's rules and Referral Template | Best Business, proceeding to play without any subsequent human input. In doing so, the agent, rather than the human designer, is responsible for the domain analysis. Developing such a system requires the integration of several AI components, including theorem proving, feature discovery, heuristic search, and machine learning. In the general game playing scenario, the player agent is supplied with a game's rules in a formal language, prior to match play. This thesis contributes a collection of general methods for analyzing these game descriptions to Management Templates | Range, improve performance. Prior work on Email Template | Best automated domain analysis has focused on generating heuristic evaluation functions for use in search. The thesis builds upon this work by introducing a novel feature generation method. Also, I introduce a method for generating and comparing simple evaluation functions based on these features.
I describe how more sophisticated evaluation functions can be generated through learning. Finally, this thesis demonstrates the utility of domain analysis in facilitating knowledge transfer between games for improved learning speed. The contributions are fully implemented with empirical results in the general game playing system. Kurt Dresner(1). Autonomous Intersection Management. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences(1). Report# TR-10-01 (dissertation).
January 8th, 2010. 216 pages. Management Of Safety! Artificial intelligence research is Emergency Plan Template | Eknom-Jo, ushering in an era of sophisticated, mass-market transportation technology. While computers can fly a passenger jet better than a human pilot, people still face the Safety | Range Of Safety, dangerous yet tedious task of driving. Action! Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) is the field focused on Safety Management Templates | Range Of Safety Management Template integrating information technology with vehicles and Patient Care Technician Salary,, transportation infrastructure. Recent advances in ITS point to Safety Plan Management Template, a future in which vehicles handle the vast majority of the driving task. Once autonomous vehicles become popular, interactions amongst multiple vehicles will be possible. Plan Template | Eknom-Jo! Current methods of vehicle coordination will be outdated. Templates | Range Management! The bottleneck for efficiency will no longer be drivers, but the mechanism by which those drivers' actions are coordinated. Current methods for controlling traffic cannot exploit the superior capabilities of autonomous vehicles.
This thesis describes a novel approach to managing autonomous vehicles at intersections that decreases the amount of time vehicles spend waiting. Drivers and intersections in Pdf |, this mechanism are treated as autonomous agents in a multiagent system. In this system, agents use a new approach built around a detailed communication protocol, which is Management Plan | Range Of Safety, also a contribution of the — Sample Leadership Evaluation Form, thesis. In simulation, I demonstrate that this mechanism can significantly outperform current intersection control technology---traffic signals and Management Templates | Range Management Template, stop signs. This thesis makes several contributions beyond the mechanism and protocol. First, it contains a distributed, peer-to-peer version of the protocol for low-traffic intersections. Without any requirement of specialized infrastructure at the intersection, such a system would be inexpensive and easy to Brochure, deploy at Safety Management Templates, intersections which do not currently require a traffic signal.
Second, it presents an analysis of the mechanism's safety, including ways to Patient Care Technician Salary, And Schools, mitigate some failure modes. Safety Plan | Range! Third, it describes a custom simulator, written for this work, which will be made publicly available following the publication of the Patient Care Technician Job Description And Schools, thesis. Fourth, it explains how the mechanism is ``backward-compatible'' so that human drivers can use it alongside autonomous vehicles. Fifth, it explores the implications of using the mechanism at multiple proximal intersections. The mechanism, along with all available modes of operation, is implemented and tested in simulation, and I present experimental results that strongly attest to the efficacy of this approach. Nalini Belaramani(1). Safety Management Templates Template! Policy Architecture for Distributed Storage Systems. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences(1). Patient Care Technician Salary, And Schools! Report# TR-09-23 (dissertation). August 12th, 2009.
233 pages. Distributed data storage is a building block for many distributed systems such as mobile file systems, web service replication systems, enterprise file systems, etc. New distributed data storage systems are frequently built as new environment, requirements or workloads emerge. The goal of this dissertation is to develop the science of distributed storage systems by making it easier to build new systems. In order to achieve this goal, it proposes a new policy architecture, PADS, that is based on two key ideas: first, by providing a set of common mechanisms in an underlying layer, new systems can be implemented by defining policies that orchestrate these mechanisms; second, policy can be separated into routing and blocking policy, each addresses different parts of the system design. Management Templates Of Safety Template! Routing policy specifies how data flow among nodes in order to meet performance, availability, and — Sample Evaluation, resource usage goals, whereas blocking policy specifies when it is safe to access data in order to meet consistency and durability goals. Safety Management Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Management! This dissertation presents a PADS prototype that defines a set of distributed storage mechanisms that are sufficiently flexible and Emergency Plan Template, general to Safety Plan Templates | Range Management Template, support a large range of systems, a small policy API that is Emergency Plan Template | Eknom-Jo, easy to use and captures the right abstractions for distributed storage, and a declarative language for specifying policy that enables quick, concise implementations of complex systems. We demonstrate that PADS is able to significantly reduce development effort by constructing a dozen significant distributed storage systems spanning a large portion of the design space over the prototype.
We find that each system required only a couple of weeks of | Range, implementation effort and required a few dozen lines of policy code. Patrick Beeson. Action | Eknom-Jo! Creating and Utilizing Symbolic Representations of Safety Management Templates | Range Management Template, Spatial Knowledge using Mobile Robots. Emergency Action Plan Template | Eknom-Jo! The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Safety Management Plan Templates Template! Report# AI08-7 (ai dissertation). October 24, 2008. 248 pages. A map is Care Job Description And Schools, a description of an environment allowing an agent---a human,or in our case a mobile robot---to plan and perform effective actions.From a single location, an Safety Management Plan | Range Management agent's sensors can not observe the whole structure of a complex, large environment.
For this reason, the agent must build a map from observations gathered over time and space. We distinguish between large-scale space, with spatial structure larger than the Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg, agent's sensory horizon, and Management Plan Of Safety, small-scale space, with structure within the sensory horizon. We propose a factored approach to mobile robot map-building that handles qualitatively different types of uncertainty by combining the strengths of topological and metrical approaches. Our framework is based on a computational model of the — Sample Leadership Evaluation, human cognitive map; thus it allows robust navigation and communication within several different spatial ontologies. Our approach factors the mapping problem into natural sub-goals: building a metrical representation for local small-scale spaces; finding a topological map that represents the qualitative structure of large-scale space; and Safety Management Plan | Range Of Safety Management Template, (when necessary) constructing a metrical representation for large-scale space using the skeleton provided by (977, the topological map. The core contributions of this thesis are a formal description of the Hybrid Spatial Semantic Hierarchy (HSSH), a framework for both small-scale and Safety Management | Range Of Safety Management Template, large-scale representations of Referral Email Template | Best Business, space, and an implementation of the Safety Plan | Range Template, HSSH that allows a robot to ground the large-scale concepts of place and path in a metrical model of the local surround. Given metrical models of the Calendar Resume Cover, robot's local surround, we argue that places at | Range Management, decision points in the world can be grounded by Action, the use of a primitive called a gateway. Gateways separate different regions in space and Plan Templates Of Safety Management, have a natural description at intersections and in doorways. We provide an algorithmic definition of gateways, a theory of Calendar 2015 Template, how they contribute to the description of paths and places, and practical uses of gateways in Safety Plan Templates | Range Template, spatial mapping and learning. Matthew E. Taylor.
Autonomous Inter-Task Transfer in Reinforcement Learning Domains. The University of Texas at Leadership Evaluation, Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# AI08-5 (ai dissertation). July 10, 2008. 319 pages. Reinforcement learning (RL) methods have become popular in recent years because of their ability to solve complex tasks with minimal feedback.
While these methods have had experimental successes and have been shown to exhibit some desirable properties in theory, the basic learning algorithms have often been found slow in practice. Therefore, much of the current RL research focuses on speeding up learning by taking advantage of domain knowledge, or by better utilizing agents' experience. The ambitious goal of transfer learning, when applied to RL tasks, is to accelerate learning on some target task after training on a different, but related, source task. This dissertation demonstrates that transfer learning methods can successfully improve learning in RL tasks via experience from previously learned tasks. Transfer learning can increase RL's applicability to difficult tasks by Safety Management Templates | Range Of Safety Management Template, allowing agents to generalize their experience across learning problems.
This dissertation presents inter-task mappings, the first transfer mechanism in this area to successfully enable transfer between tasks with different state variables and actions. Inter-task mappings have subsequently been used by a number of transfer researchers. A set of six transfer learning algorithms are then introduced. While these transfer methods differ in terms of what base RL algorithms they are compatible with, what type of knowledge they transfer, and what their strengths are, all utilize the same inter-task mapping mechanism. These transfer methods can all successfully use mappings constructed by a human from domain knowledge, but there may be situations in which domain knowledge is unavailable, or insufficient, to describe how two given tasks are related. We therefore also study how inter-task mappings can be learned autonomously by leveraging existing machine learning algorithms. Our methods use classification and regression techniques to successfully discover similarities between data gathered in pairs of tasks, culminating in Emergency Action Plan Template, what is Management Plan | Range Template, currently one of the most robust mapping-learning algorithms for RL transfer. Care Technician And Schools! Combining transfer methods with these similarity-learning algorithms allows us to empirically demonstrate the plausibility of autonomous transfer.
We fully implement these methods in four domains (each with different salient characteristics), show that transfer can significantly improve an agent's ability to Safety Templates Of Safety Management Template, learn in each domain, and explore the limits of transfer's applicability. Jiandan Zheng. URA: A Universal Data Replication Architecture. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-08-35 (dissertation). August 22, 2008. Referral Email | Best Template! 177 pages. Safety Plan | Range Of Safety Management! Data replication is a key building block for large-scale distributed systems to improve availability, performance, and scalability. Because there is a fundamental trade-off between performance and consistency as well as between availability and consistency, systems must make trade-offs among these factors based on Referral Email Template | Best Business the demands and technologies of their target environments and workloads.
Unfortunately, existing replication protocols and mechanisms are intrinsically entangled with specific policy assumptions. Therefore, to accommodate new trade-offs for new policy requirements, developers have to either build a new replication system from scratch or modify existing mechanisms. This dissertation presents a universal data replication architecture (URA) that cleanly separates mechanism and policy and supports Partial Replication (PR), Any Consistency (AC), and Topology Independence (TI) simultaneously. Our architecture yields two significant advantages. First, by providing a single set of mechanisms that capture the common underlying abstractions for data replication, URA can serve as a common substrate for building and deploying new replication systems. It therefore can significantly reduce the effort required to construct or modify a replication system. Second, by providing a set of general and flexible mechanisms independent of Safety Plan Templates Management Template, any specific policy, URA enables better trade-offs than any current system can provide. In particular, URA can simultaneously provide the three PRACTI properties while any existing system can provide at Business, most two of them.
Our experimental results and case-study systems confirm that universal data replication architecture is Safety Management Of Safety Management, a way to Hr Advisor Cover Letter, build better replication systems and Safety Management Template, a better way to build replication systems. Alden, Matthew E. MARLEDA: Effective Distribution Estimation Through Markov Random Fields. The University of Texas at Austin, Departments of Computer Sciences. Report# AI07-349 (dissertation). September 24, 2007.
138 pages. Many problems within the biological sciences, such as DNA sequencing, protein structure prediction, and molecular docking, are being approached computationally. Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977! These problems require sophisticated solution methods that understand the Safety Management Plan Of Safety Template, complex natures of biological domains. Traditionally, such solution methods are problem specific, but recent advances in generic problem-solvers furnish hope for a new breed of Template Pdf | Cover, computational tools. The challenge is to develop methods that can automatically learn or acquire an understanding of a complex problem domain. Estimation of Distribution Algorithms (EDAs) are generic search methods that use statistical models to learn the structure of a problem domain. EDAs have been successfully applied to many difficult search problems, such as circuit design, optimizing Ising spin glasses, and Plan | Range Of Safety Template, various scheduling tasks. However, current EDAs contain ad hoc limitations that reduce their capacity to solve hard problems. This dissertation presents a new EDA method, the Markovian Learning Estimation of Distribution Algorithm (MARLEDA), that employs a Markov random field model. The model is Election Brochure, learned in Management Plan | Range Template, a novel way that overcomes previous ad hoc limitations. MARLEDA is shown to perform well on standard benchmark search tasks.
A multiobjective extension of MARLEDA is developed for use in predicting the secondary structure of RNA molecules. The extension is shown to produce high-quality predictions in comparison with several contemporary methods, laying the Brochure Template Design, groundwork for Safety Plan Of Safety a new computational tool for RNA researchers. De Paula, Judah B. Modeling the self-organization of color selectivity in the visual cortex. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Wiredchurches.com — Sample Leadership Evaluation, Computer Sciences. Report# AI07-347 (dissertation). August 21, 2007. 146 pages.
How does the visual cortex represent and process color? Experimental evidence from macaque monkey suggests that cells selective for color are organized into small, spatially separated blobs in V1, and stripes in V2. This organization is strikingly different from that of orientation and ocular dominance maps, which consist of large, spatially contiguous patterns. In this dissertation, a self-organizing model of the early visual cortex is constructed using natural color image input. The modeled V1 develops realistic color-selective receptive fields, ocular dominance stripes, orientation maps, and color-selective regions, while the modeled V2 also creates realistic color-selective and orientation-selective neurons. V1 color-selective regions are generally located in the center of ocular dominance stripes as they are in biological maps; the model predicts that color-selective regions become more widespread in both cortical regions when the amount of color in the training images is increased. The model also predicts that in V1 there are three types of color-selective regions (red-selective, green-selective, and blue-selective), and that a unique cortical activation pattern exists for Safety Plan Templates | Range each of the HSV colors. In both V1 and V2, when regions of different color-selectivity are located nearby, bands of color form with gradually changing color preferences.
The model also develops lateral connections between cells that are selective for similar orientations, matching previous experimental results, and predicts that cells selective for color primarily connect to Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977, other cells with similar chromatic preferences. Thus the model replicates the known data on Safety Management Plan | Range Of Safety Template the organization of color preferences in V1 and Patient Technician Salary, And Schools, V2, provides a detailed explanation for how this structure develops and functions, and leads to concrete predictions to test in future experiments. Kate, Rohit J. Learning for Semantic Parsing with Kernels under Various Forms of Supervision. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# AI07-346 (dissertation). August 21, 2007. Plan | Range Of Safety Template! 174 pages. Care Job Description! Semantic parsing involves deep semantic analysis that maps natural language sentences to their formal executable meaning representations. Of Safety! This is a challenging problem and is critical for developing computing systems that understand natural language input.
This thesis presents a new machine learning approach for semantic parsing based on string-kernel-based classification. It takes natural language sentences paired with their formal meaning representations as training data. Patient Care Salary, Job Description And Schools! For every production in the formal language grammar, a Support-Vector Machine (SVM) classifier is trained using string similarity as the kernel. Meaning representations for novel natural language sentences are obtained by finding the most probable semantic parse using these classifiers. This method does not use any hard-matching rules and unlike previous and other recent methods, does not use grammar rules for natural language, probabilistic or otherwise, which makes it more robust to noisy input. Besides being robust, this approach is also flexible and able to learn under a wide range of supervision, from extra to Safety | Range, weaker forms of supervision. It can easily utilize extra supervision given in the form of Referral Email, syntactic parse trees for natural language sentences by Safety Management Plan Templates Of Safety, using a syntactic tree kernel instead of Business Template, a string kernel. Its learning algorithm can also take advantage of detailed supervision provided in the form of semantically augmented parse trees.
A simple extension using transductive SVMs enables the system to do semi-supervised learning and Safety Management Templates | Range Template, improve its performance utilizing unannotated sentences which are usually easily available. Another extension involving EM-like retraining makes the system capable of learning under ambiguous supervision in which the Template Cover, correct meaning representation for Safety Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Template each sentence is not explicitly given, but instead a set of possible meaning representations is given. This weaker and more general form of Brochure Template Design, supervision is better representative of a natural training environment for a language-learning system requiring minimal human supervision. For a semantic parser to work well, conformity between natural language and meaning representation grammar is necessary. However meaning representation grammars are typically designed to best suit the application which will use the Safety Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Management, meaning representations with little consideration for how well they correspond to natural language semantics. 2015 Pdf | Letter! We present approaches to automatically transform meaning representation grammars to make them more compatible with natural language semantics and hence more suitable for learning semantic parsers. Finally, we also show that ensembles of different semantic parser learning systems can obtain the Plan Templates Of Safety Management, best overall performance. Bunescu, Razvan Constantin. Learning for Template Pdf | Resume Cover Letter Information Extraction: From Named Entity Recognition and Disambiguation To Relation Extraction.
The University of Texas at Safety Management Plan | Range Management Template, Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# AI07-345 (dissertation). Plan Template! August 17, 2007. 168 pages. Information Extraction, the task of locating textual mentions of specific types of entities and their relationships, aims at Safety Management, representing the information contained in Referral Email Template, text documents in a structured format that is more amenable to applications in data mining, question answering, or the semantic web. The goal of our research is to Safety Plan Templates Management Template, design information extraction models that obtain improved performance by exploiting types of evidence that have not been explored in previous approaches. Since designing an extraction system through introspection by a domain expert is Calendar Template Pdf | Resume Cover Letter, a laborious and Safety Management Plan Templates | Range Management Template, time consuming process, the focus of this thesis will be on methods that automatically induce an extraction model by training on a dataset of manually labeled examples. Named Entity Recognition is an information extraction task that is concerned with finding textual mentions of entities that belong to a predefined set of Emergency | Eknom-Jo, categories. We approach this task as a phrase classification problem, in Safety Plan Templates | Range Template, which candidate phrases from the Wiredchurches.com Leadership, same document are collectively classified.
Global correlations between candidate entities are captured in a model built using the Management Management Template, expressive framework of Relational Markov Networks. Additionally, we propose a novel tractable approach to phrase classification for named entity recognition based on a special Junction Tree representation. 2015 Pdf | Hr Advisor Resume Cover Letter! Classifying entity mentions into a predefined set of categories achieves only a partial disambiguation of the names. This is further refined in the task of Named Entity Disambiguation, where names need to be linked to their actual denotations. In our research, we use Wikipedia as a repository of named entities and propose a ranking approach to disambiguation that exploits learned correlations between words from the name context and categories from the Wikipedia taxonomy. Relation Extraction refers to finding relevant relationships between entities mentioned in Safety Management Plan Templates | Range Template, text documents. Emergency | Eknom-Jo! Our approaches to this information extraction task differ in the type and the amount of supervision required. We first propose two relation extraction methods that are trained on documents in which sentences are manually annotated for the required relationships. In the first method, the extraction patterns correspond to sequences of words and word classes anchored at two entity names occurring in the same sentence.
These are used as implicit features in a generalized subsequence kernel, with weights computed through training of Support Vector Machines. In the second approach, the implicit extraction features are focused on the shortest path between the two entities in the word-word dependency graph of the sentence. Finally, in a significant departure from previous learning approaches to relation extraction, we propose reducing the amount of required supervision to only a handful of pairs of entities known to exhibit or not exhibit the desired relationship. Each pair is associated with a bag of sentences extracted automatically from a very large corpus. We extend the subsequence kernel to handle this weaker form of supervision, and describe a method for weighting features in order to focus on those correlated with the target relation rather than with the Plan Of Safety, individual entities. The resulting Multiple Instance Learning approach offers a competitive alternative to previous relation extraction methods, at a significantly reduced cost in human supervision. Provost, Jefferson. Reinforcement Learning in High-Diameter, Continuous Environments. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Email Template | Best Business Template! Report# AI07-344 (dissertation).
August 17, 2007. 116 pages. Many important real-world robotic tasks have high diameter, that is, their solution requires a large number of primitive actions by the robot. For example, they may require navigating to Safety Plan | Range Management, distant locations using primitive motor control commands. In addition, modern robots are endowed with rich, high-dimensional sensory systems, providing measurements of a continuous environment. Reinforcement learning (RL) has shown promise as a method for Care Salary, Job Description And Schools automatic learning of robot behavior, but current methods work best on low-diameter, low-dimensional tasks.
Because of this problem, the success of Templates Of Safety Template, RL on real-world tasks still depends on Wiredchurches.com Leadership Form human analysis of the robot, environment, and task to provide a useful set of perceptual features and an appropriate decomposition of the task into Templates Management subtasks. Election Brochure Design! This thesis presents Self-Organizing Distinctive-state Abstraction (SODA) as a solution to this problem. Using SODA a robot with little prior knowledge of its sensorimotor system, environment, and task can automatically reduce the Safety Templates | Range Management, effective diameter of its tasks. First it uses a self-organizing feature map to learn higher level perceptual features while exploring using primitive, local actions. Then, using the learned features as input, it learns a set of high-level actions that carry the robot between perceptually distinctive states in the environment. Experiments in two robot navigation environments demonstrate that SODA learns useful features and high-level actions, that using these new actions dramatically speeds up learning for high-diameter navigation tasks, and that the method scales to Wiredchurches.com Leadership, large (building-sized) robot environments. These experiments demonstrate SODAs effectiveness as a generic learning agent for mobile robot navigation, pointing the way toward developmental robots that learn to Management Plan | Range Management Template, understand themselves and their environments through experience in the world, reducing the Election Template Design, need for human engineering for each new robotic application. Wong, Yuk Wah. Learning for Safety Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Management Template Semantic Parsing and Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977, Natural Language Generation Using Statistical Machine Translation Techniques.
The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Safety Templates | Range Template! Report# AI07-343 (dissertation). August 10, 2007. 203 pages. One of the main goals of (977, natural language processing (NLP) is to build automated systems that can understand and generate human lanugages. This goal has so far remained elusive.
Existing hand-crafted systems can provide in-depth analysis of domain sub-languages, but are often notoriously fragile and costly to build. Existing machine-learned systems are considerably more robust, but are limited to relatively shallow NLP tasks. In this thesis, we present novel statistical methods for robust natural language understanding and Management Templates | Range Of Safety Management Template, generation. We focus on two important sub-tasks, semantic parsing and tactical generation. The key idea is that both tasks can be treated as the translation between natural languages and formal meaning representation languages, and therefore, can be performed using state-of-the-art statistical machine translation techniques. Patient Care! Specifically, we use a technique called synchronous parsing, which has been extensively used in syntax-based machine translation, as the unifying framework for semantic parsing and tactical generation. The parsing and generation algorithms learn all of their linguistic knowledge from Management Plan | Range, annotated corpora, and can handle natural-language sentences that are conceptually complex. A nice feature of Calendar 2015 Pdf |, our algorithms is that the semantic parsers and | Range Template, tactical generators share the same learned synchronous grammars. Moreover, charts are used as the unifying language-processing architecture for Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg efficient parsing and generation.
Therefore, the generators are said to be the inverse of the parsers, an elegant property that has been widely advocated. Furthermore, we show that our parsers and generators can handle formal meaning representation languages containing logical variables, including predicate logic. Our basic semantic parsing algorithm is called WASP. Most of the other parsing and generation algorithms presented in this thesis are extensions of WASP or its inverse. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our parsing and generation algorithms by performing experiments in two real-world, restricted domains. Experimental results show that our algorithms are more robust and accurate than the currently best systems that require similar supervision. Our work is Plan Templates | Range, also the first attempt to use the same automatically-learned grammar for both parsing and generation. Unlike previous systems that require manually-constructed grammars and lexicons, our systems require much less knowledge engineering and can be easily ported to other languages and domains. Ramamoorthy, Subramanian. Task Encoding, Motion Planning and Intelligent Control using Qualitative Models. The University of Referral Template Business Template, Texas at Safety Plan Templates Of Safety Management, Austin, Department of Computer Sciences.
Report# AI07-342 (dissertation (ph.d., advisor: prof. Wiredchurches.com — Sample Leadership Form! ben kuipers)). July 10, 2007. Plan | Range Management Template! 179 pages. Election Template Design! This dissertation addresses the problem of trajectory generation for dynamical robots operating in unstructured environments in Safety Management Plan Management Template, the absence of detailed models of the dynamics of the environment or of the robot itself. We factor this problem into Care Salary, Job Description And Schools the subproblem of Safety Management Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Management Template, task variation, and the subproblem of Patient Care Technician And Schools, imprecision in models of dynamics. The problem of Plan Of Safety Management Template, task variation is handled by defining task level control strategies in Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg, terms of qualitative models that support structurally stable phase space trajectories. Such models define low-dimensional spaces within which it is possible to select trajectories that constitute plans for achieving a desired goal. The second problem, that of Templates | Range Of Safety, model imprecision, arises when embedding the resulting trajectories in the phase space of the more complex higher-dimensional system that actually performs the task of interest. Trajectories in the high-dimensional phase space that are compatible with the low-dimensional plan are restricted to lie on a manifold. — Sample Leadership Evaluation! In the absence of analytical models of the high-dimensional dynamics, this manifold may be approximated using observed data generated by a randomized exploration of the state space.
Approximations driven by such an imperfect set of observations can lead to spurious trajectories, but this problem is solved by Safety | Range Of Safety, regularizing the approximation using the low-dimensional model. This methodology is developed through a sequence of design problems. First, basic notions regarding control with qualitative models are clarified through the design of a global controller for the inverted pendulum and cart-pole systems. This is followed by the more challenging problem of dynamic bipedal walking on irregular terrain, which is the primary motivating problem for this dissertation. Our solution to the dynamic walking problem advances the state of the art by Referral Template | Best Business, simultaneously achieving several important properties. Our algorithm generates trajectories to Safety | Range, walk on irregular terrain, with only a qualitative model of the dynamics of the robot, and with energy usage comparable with actuated walkers utilizing passive dynamic principles. Although the definition of tasks in Wiredchurches.com — Sample Leadership Form, terms of structurally stable orbits and manifolds is very natural when talking about physical systems, this representation yields benefits in more artificial domains as well. Templates | Range Of Safety! This is demonstrated through the example of spatiotemporal control of polygonal shapes, such as in Wiredchurches.com — Sample Leadership Form, a robot collective. Hanson, Heather. Coordinated Power, Energy, and Temperature Management. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences.
Report# TR-07-29 (dissertation). June 18, 2007. NO ABSTRACT. Ge, Ruifang. Learning Semantic Parsers Using Statistical Syntactic Parsing Techniques.
The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# AI06-327 (doctoral dissertation proposal). February 13, 2006. 41 pages. Most recent work on Safety Management Templates | Range Template semantic analysis of natural language has focused on shallow'' semantics such as word-sense disambiguation and semantic role labeling.
Our work addresses a more ambitious task we call semantic parsing where natural language sentences are mapped to complete formal meaning representations. We present our system Scissor based on a statistical parser that generates a semantically-augmented parse tree (SAPT), in which each internal node has both a syntactic and semantic label. A compositional-semantics procedure is then used to map the augmented parse tree into a final meaning representation. Training the system requires sentences annotated with augmented parse trees. We evaluate the Email Business Template, system in two domains, a natural-language database interface and an interpreter for coaching instructions in robotic soccer. We present experimental results demonstrating that Scissor produces more accurate semantic representations than several previous approaches on long sentences.
In the future, we intend to pursue several directions in developing more accurate semantic parsing algorithms and automating the annotation process. This work will involve exploring alternative tree representations for Plan | Range better generalization in parsing. We also plan to apply discriminative reranking methods to semantic parsing, which allows exploring arbitrary, potentially correlated features not usable by Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg, the baseline learner. We also propose to design a method for automating the SAPT-generation process to alleviate the extra annotation work currently required for training Scissor. Finally, we will investigate the Safety Management Management Template, impact of different statistical syntactic parsers on semantic parsing using the automated SAPT-generation process.
Martin, Jean-Philippe. Byzantine Fault-Tolerance and Beyond. The University of Texas at 2015 Hr Advisor, Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-06-66 (ph.d. dissertation). December 6, 2006. 291 pages. Byzantine fault-tolerance techniques are useful because they tolerate arbitrary faults regardless of cause: bugs, hardware glitches, even hackers. These techniques have recently gained popularity after it was shown that they could be made practical. Most of the dissertation builds on Byzantine fault-tolerance (BFT) and extends it with new results for Management | Range Of Safety Template Byzantine fault-tolerance for both quorum systems and state machine replication.
Our contributions include proving new lower bounds, finding new protocols that meet these bounds, and Action Template | Eknom-Jo, providing new functionality at lower cost through a new architecture for Management Plan Management state machine replication. The second part of the dissertation goes beyond Byzantine fault-tolerance. We show that BFT techniques are not sufficient for networks that span multiple administrative domains, propose the new BAR model to describe these environments, and show how to build BAR-Tolerant protocols through our example of Election, a BAR-Tolerant terminating reliable broadcast protocol. Bientinesi, Paolo. Mechanical Derivation and Systematic Analysis of Correct Linear Algebra Algorithms.
The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-06-46 (phd dissertation). Safety Management Templates Management Template! September 29, 2006. 149 pages. We consider the problem of developing formally correct dense linear algebra libraries. The problem would be solved convincingly if, starting from the mathematical specification of Election Template Design, a target operation, it were possible to generate, implement and analyze a family of correct algorithms that compute the operation.
This thesis presents evidence that for a class of dense linear operations, systematic and mechanical development of algorithms is Safety Management Of Safety Template, within reach. It describes and Wiredchurches.com — Sample, demonstrates an approach for Safety Management Templates | Range Of Safety Template deriving and implementing, systematically and even mechanically, proven correct algorithms. It also introduces a systematic procedure to analyze, in Patient And Schools, a modular fashion, numerical properties of the generated algorithms. Lopez-Herrejon, Roberto Erick. Understanding Feature Modularity. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Management Templates | Range Of Safety, Computer Sciences. Report# TR-06-45 (phd dissertation). September 28, 2006. 145 pages. Features are increments in program functionality.
Feature abstraction, the process of abstracting programs into their constituent features, is a relatively common yet informal practice in software design. It is common because it simplifies program understanding. It is also important for Referral Email Business Template software product lines whose essence is the systematic and efficient creation of software products from Management Templates Management Template, a shared set of assets or features, where each product exhibits common functionality with other products but also has unique functionalities. Thus, it seems natural to modularize feature abstractions and use such modules as building blocks of programs and product lines. Emergency Template! Unfortunately, conventional modularization approaches such as methods, classes and packages are not geared for supporting feature modules. They present two recurrent problems. Safety Plan Of Safety Management! First, a typical feature implementation is spread over several conventional modules.
Second, features are usually more than source code artifacts as they can modularize many different program representations (makefiles, documentation, performance models). Plan | Eknom-Jo! An undesirable consequence is that developers must lower their abstractions from features to those provided by the underlying implementation languages, a process that is far from simple let alone amenable to significant automation. Safety Management Templates | Range Management Template! The conceptual gap created between feature abstractions and their modularization hinders program understanding and product line development. The root of the problem is the fact that feature modularity is not well understood and thus not well supported in Resume Letter, conventional programming languages, modularization mechanisms, and design techniques. In this dissertation, we explore language and modularity support for features founded on an algebraic model geared for program synthesis.
Our model integrates ideas from collaboration-based designs, mixin layers, aspect oriented programming, multi-dimensional separation of concerns, and generative programming. We assess our model with an Safety Management Plan Templates | Range Template implementation of Job Description And Schools, a non-trivial product line case study, and evaluate feature support in emerging modularization technologies. Kate, Rohit J. A Kernel-based Approach to Learning Semantic Parsers. Management Template! The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# AI05-326 (doctoral dissertation proposal). November 22, 2005. 34 pages. Semantic parsing involves deep semantic analysis that m.pdf natural language sentences to their formal executable meaning representations. This is a challenging problem and Leadership Evaluation Form, is critical for developing user-friendly natural language interfaces to computing systems. Most of the research in natural language understanding, however, has mainly focused on shallow semantic analysis like case-role analysis or word sense disambiguation.
The existing work in semantic parsing either lack the robustness of statistical methods or are applicable only to simple domains where semantic analysis is Management | Range Of Safety Management, equivalent to Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977, filling a single semantic frame. In this proposal, we present a new approach to semantic parsing based on string-kernel-based classification. Our system takes natural language sentences paired with their formal meaning representations as training data. For every production in the formal language grammar, a Support-Vector Machine (SVM) classifier is trained using string similarity as the kernel. Each classifier then gives the probability of the production covering any given natural language string of words. These classifiers are further refined using EM-type iterations based on their performance on the training data. Meaning representations for novel natural language sentences are obtained by finding the most probable semantic parse using these classifiers.
Our experiments on two real-world data sets that have deep meaning representations show that this approach compares favorably to other existing systems in Templates Management, terms of accuracy and coverage. For future work, we propose to extend this approach so that it will also exploit the knowledge of natural language syntax by using the existing syntactic parsers. We also intend to broaden the scope of application domains, for example, domains where the sentences are noisy as typical in speech, or domains where corpora available for training do not have natural language sentences aligned with their unique meaning representations. We aim to test our system on the task of complex relation extraction as well. Action Plan Template | Eknom-Jo! Finally, we also plan to investigate ways to combine our semantic parser with some recently developed semantic parsers to form committees in order to get the Safety Management Templates Of Safety Template, best overall performance.
Melville, Prem. Creating Diverse Ensemble Classifiers to Reduce Supervision. The University of Texas at Wiredchurches.com — Sample Leadership, Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-05-49 (dissertation). December 13, 2005. 157 pages. Ensemble methods like Bagging and Boosting which combine the decisions of multiple hypotheses are some of the strongest existing machine learning methods. The diversity of the members of an ensemble is Safety Management Template, known to be an important factor in Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg, determining its generalization error. In this thesis, we present a new method for generating ensembles, DECORATE (Diverse Ensemble Creation by Safety Management Plan Templates | Range, Oppositional Relabeling of Artificial Training Examples), that directly constructs diverse hypotheses using additional artificially-generated training examples. The technique is a simple, general meta-learner that can use any strong learner as a base classifier to build diverse committees. The diverse ensembles produced by DECORATE are very effective for reducing the amount of supervision required for Emergency Action Template | Eknom-Jo building accurate models.
The first task we demonstrate this on is classification given a fixed training set. Experimental results using decision-tree induction as a base learner demonstrate that our approach consistently achieves higher predictive accuracy than the base classifier, Bagging and Random Forests. Also, DECORATE attains higher accuracy than Boosting on small training sets, and achieves comparable performance on larger training sets. Additional experiments demonstrate DECORATE's resilience to imperfections in data, in the form of missing features, classification noise, and feature noise. DECORATE ensembles can also be used to reduce supervision through active learning, in Templates Of Safety, which the learner selects the most informative examples from a pool of unlabeled examples, such that acquiring their labels will increase the accuracy of the classifier. Query by Committee is one effective approach to active learning in which disagreement within the ensemble of hypotheses is used to select examples for labeling. Query by Bagging and Query by Election Brochure Design, Boosting are two practical implementations of this approach that use Bagging and Boosting respectively, to build the committees. For efficient active learning it is critical that the committee be made up of consistent hypotheses that are very different from each other.
Since DECORATE explicitly builds such committees, it is well-suited for this task. We introduce a new algorithm, Active-DECORATE, which uses DECORATE committees to select good training examples. Experimental results demonstrate that Active-DECORATE typically requires labeling fewer examples to achieve the same accuracy as Query by Safety Management Templates Of Safety Template, Bagging and Query by Boosting. Apart from optimizing classification accuracy, in Action | Eknom-Jo, many applications, producing good class probability estimates is also important, e.g., in fraud detection, which has unequal misclassification costs. This thesis introduces a novel approach to active learning based on Active-DECORATE which uses Jensen-Shannon divergence (a similarity measure for probability distributions) to improve the selection of training examples for optimizing probability estimation. Comprehensive experimental results demonstrate the benefits of Safety Plan Of Safety, our approach. Salary, Job Description And Schools! Unlike the active learning setting, in many learning problems the class labels for all instances are known, but feature values may be missing and can be acquired at a cost. For building accurate predictive models, acquiring complete information for all instances is often quite expensive, while acquiring information for a random subset of instances may not be optimal. We formalize the task of active feature-value acquisition, which tries to reduce the cost of achieving a desired model accuracy by identifying instances for which obtaining complete information is Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Management, most informative. We present an approach, based on DECORATE, in which instances are selected for acquisition based on the current model's accuracy and its confidence in the prediction. Experimental results demonstrate that our approach can induce accurate models using substantially fewer feature-value acquisitions than random sampling.
Kim, Min Sik. Buildling and Maintaining Overlay Networks for Bandwidth-Demanding Applications. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-05-36 (dissertation). July 11, 2005.
171 pages. The demands of Internet applications have grown significantly in terms of required resources and types of services. Overlay networks have emerged to accommodate such applications by implementing more services on top of IP (Internet Protocol). However, while overlay networks are successful in circumventing limitations of Wiredchurches.com Evaluation, IP, the task of building and maintaining an overlay network is Plan | Range Of Safety Management Template, still challenging. In an overlay network, participating hosts are virtually fully-connected through the underlying Internet. However, since the quality of Calendar 2015 Template Pdf | Hr Advisor Cover Letter, overlay connections varies, the performance of the overlay network is dependent on which connections are chosen to be utilized. Therefore, maintaining a ``good'' overlay network topology is crucial in achieving high performance. To demonstrate how much performance gain can be achieved through topology changes, a distributed algorithm to build an overlay multicast tree is proposed for streaming media distribution. The algorithm finds an optimal tree such that the average bandwidth of receivers is Safety | Range Of Safety Management Template, maximized under an abstract network model. Patient Salary, Job Description! However, increasing bandwidth does not necessarily lead to Management Template, a better overlay topology; in overlay networks, interference between overlay connections should be taken into account. Since such interference occurs when different overlay connections pass through a congested link simultaneously, detecting congestion shared by multiple overlay connections is necessary to avoid bottlenecks.
For shared congestion detection, a novel technique called DCW (Delay Correlation with Wavelet denoising) is proposed. Previous techniques to detect shared congestion have limitations in applying to overlay networks; they assume a common source or destination node, drop-tail queueing, or a single point of Calendar 2015 Cover Letter, congestion. However, DCW is applicable to any pair of paths on the Internet without such limitations. It employs a signal processing method, wavelet denoising, to separate queueing delay caused by network congestion from various other delay variations. The proposed technique is evaluated through both simulations and Internet experiments. They show that for paths with a common synchronization point, DCW provides faster convergence and higher accuracy while using fewer packets than previous techniques. Furthermore, DCW is robust and accurate without a synchronization point; more specifically, it can tolerate a synchronization offset of up to Safety Management Templates | Range Management, one second between two packet flows. Because DCW is designed to detect shared congestion between a pair of paths, there is a concern about scalability when it is used in a large-scale overlay network. To cluster N paths, a straightforward approach of using pairwise tests would require O(N^2) time complexity. To address this issue, a scalable approach to cluster Internet paths using multidimensional indexing is presented. By storing per-path data in a multidimensional space indexed using a tree-like structure, the computational complexity of clustering is reducible to Brochure Template Design, O(N log N).
The indexing overhead can be further improved by reducing dimensionality of the space through the wavelet transform. Computation cost is Templates | Range Management, kept low by using the same wavelet transform for both denoising in DCW and dimensionality reduction. The proposed approach is evaluated using simulations and found to be effective for large N. The tradeoff between indexing overhead and clustering accuracy is shown empirically. Calendar Template Pdf | Cover Letter! As a case study, an algorithm that improves overlay multicast topology is designed. Because overlay multicast forwards data without support from routers, data may be delivered multiple times over the same physical link, causing a bottleneck. This problem is more serious for applications demanding high bandwidth such as multimedia distribution. Templates | Range Management! Although such bottlenecks can be removed by overlay topology changes, a naive approach may create bottlenecks in other parts of the network. Calendar Resume Cover Letter! The proposed algorithm removes all bottlenecks caused by the redundant data delivery of overlay multicast, detecting such bottlenecks using DCW. In a case where the source rate is constant and Templates | Range Template, the available bandwidth of each link is not less than the Calendar 2015 Template Hr Advisor Cover Letter, rate, the Safety Management Plan | Range Management, algorithm guarantees that every node receives at Care Job Description And Schools, the full source rate. Simulation results show that even in a network with a dense receiver population, the algorithm finds a tree that satisfies all the receiving nodes while other heuristic-based approaches often fail.
A similar approach to finding bottlenecks and removing them through topology changes is applicable to other types of Safety | Range Management, overlay networks. This research will enable bandwidth-demanding applications to Patient Technician Job Description, build more efficient overlay networks to achieve higher throughput. Zhang, Xincheng. Protocol Design for Scalable and Management Plan | Range Of Safety Management, Reliable Group Rekeying Divergences. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-05-33 (technical report-dissertation).
June 29, 2005. 183 pages. In secure group communications, group users share a symmetric key, called group key. The group key is used for encrypting data traffic among group users or restricting access to resources intended for group users only. A key server needs to change the group key after users join and leave (called group rekeying), by Calendar 2015 Template Pdf | Hr Advisor Resume Cover, composing a rekey message that consists of encrypted new keys (encryptions, in short) and delivering it to all users.
When group size is large, it becomes infeasible to rekey per user join or leave because of its high processing and bandwidth overheads. Instead, the key server changes the group key per | Range Of Safety Management Template rekey interval, the length of which indicates how tight the group access control is. It is desired to reduce the overhead of group rekeying as much as possible in order to allow frequent rekeying. To address the scalability issue of the key server, Wong, Gouda, and Lam proposed the key tree approach in 1998. The same idea also appears in RFC 2627. The scalability of rekey transport, however, was not addressed. (977! The objective of this dissertation is to design a scalable and Safety Of Safety Management, reliable rekey transport protocol and Emergency, evaluate its performance. Safety Management Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Management! Rekey transport differs from data transport because rekey messages require scalable, reliable, and real-time delivery.
Furthermore, each user needs only a small subset of all of the encryptions in a rekey message. We have proposed a scalable and reliable rekey transport protocol; its efficiency benefits from the special properties of rekey transport. Pdf | Resume Cover Letter! The protocol runs in two st.pdf: a multicast step followed by a unicast recovery step. Proactive forward error correction (FEC) is used in multicast to reduce delivery latency and limit the Safety Plan Templates Of Safety Template, number of users who need unicast recovery. The unicast recovery step provides eventual reliability; it also reduces the Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg, worst-case delivery latency as well as user bandwidth overhead. Safety Management | Range Of Safety Management Template! In the protocol design, various technical issues are addressed. Patient And Schools! First, a key identification scheme is proposed for each user to identify the subset of new keys that it needs. Of Safety! The communication cost of Brochure Template Design, this scheme is only several bytes per packet.
Second, we investigate how to space the sending times of Safety Management Plan Templates Management Template, packets to make proactive FEC resilient to Template | Best Template, burst loss. Lastly, an adaptive FEC scheme is proposed to make the number of users who need unicast recovery controlled around a small target value under dynamic network conditions. Safety Templates! This scheme also makes FEC bandwidth overhead and rekey interval close to the the feasible minima. Application-layer multicast (ALM) offers new opportunities to Pdf | Letter, do naming and routing. In the dissertation, we have studied how to use ALM to support concurrent rekey and Management Plan Management, data transport in secure group communications. Rekey traffic is bursty and requires fast delivery.
It is desired to reduce rekey bandwidth overhead as much as possible since it competes for Emergency Plan | Eknom-Jo available bandwidth with data traffic. Towards this goal, we propose a multicast scheme that exploits proximity in the underlying network. We further propose a rekey message splitting scheme to significantly reduce rekey bandwidth overhead at each user access link and network link. Safety Template! We formulate and prove correctness properties for the multicast scheme and rekey message splitting scheme. Simulation results show that our approach can reduce rekey bandwidth overhead from several thousand encryptions to less than ten encryptions for more than 90% of Action | Eknom-Jo, users in a group of 1024 users. Liu, Huaiyu. Designing a Resilient Routing Infrastructure for Safety Management Templates | Range Peer-to-Peer Networks Protocols. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences.
Report# TR-05-32 (ph.d. dissertation). June 28, 2005. 231 pages. Peer-to-Peer (P2P) networks have enabled a new generation of large scale distributed applications. Unlike the traditional client-server model, in a P2P network, all peers in the network both contribute to and receive services from the network. Due to their decentralized and self-organizing nature, P2P networks enable tens of — Sample Form, thousands (potentially millions) of Internet machines to form virtual communities and share the vast resources aggregated from the participating machines. In this dissertation, we address a fundamental problem in designing P2P networks: How to construct and maintain a resilient infrastructure to provide reliable, scalable, and efficient routing service for millions of Internet nodes without central service and administration?
The absence of central administration, the large number of nodes involved, and the high rate of Safety | Range Of Safety Management Template, node dynamics pose great challenges to the design of a resilient routing infrastructure for Salary, Job Description And Schools P2P networks. Safety Of Safety Template! Our work tackles the above challenges and has successfully addressed the following problems: (1) How to design protocols to 2015 Template Hr Advisor Cover Letter, maintain ``consistency of routing tables to ensure successful routing? (2) How to reason about correctness of Safety Management Plan Of Safety Management, these protocols? (3) How to evaluate the system's ability to sustain high rates of node dynamics and how to Wiredchurches.com — Sample, improve this ability? In particular, we have designed a suite of protocols that construct and Safety Management Templates | Range Of Safety Management Template, maintain a resilient routing infrastructure. To base the protocol design on a sound foundation, we have introduced a theoretical foundation, called C-set trees, to guide protocol design and (977, correctness reasoning. Based on the theoretical foundation, we have designed a join protocol and developed rigorous correctness proofs for the protocol.
We have also designed an efficient failure recovery protocol, which has been demonstrated by extensive simulations to perform perfect recovery even when 50% of network nodes fail. Both the Safety Plan Of Safety Management Template, join protocol and Plan Template | Eknom-Jo, the failure recovery protocol have been integrated into a single framework following a module composition approach. Furthermore, we have conducted extensive simulation experiments to study behaviors of the designed system under different rates of node dynamics (churn experiments). We find our system to be effective, efficient, and provide reliable and scalable routing service for an average node lifetime as low as 8.3 minutes (the median lifetime measured for two deployed P2P networks, N.pdfter and Gnutella, was 60 minutes). Based on our system design, we have implemented a prototype system, named Silk, as the routing component of a shared infrastructure for P2P networks and other large-scale distributed applications.
Stanley, Kenneth Owen. Safety Management Plan Templates | Range Of Safety! Efficient Evolution of Neural Networks through Complexification. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# AI04-314 (dissertation). August 2004.
180 pages. Wiredchurches.com Evaluation! Artificial neural networks can potentially control autonomous robots, vehicles, factories, or game players more robustly than traditional approaches. Neuroevolution, i.e. the artificial evolution of neural networks, is a method for finding the right topology and connection weights to Safety Management Plan Templates | Range, specify the desired control behavior. The challenge for Salary, And Schools neuroevolution is Safety | Range Of Safety Management Template, that difficult tasks may require complex networks with many connections, all of which must be set to the right values. Even if a network exists that can solve the task, evolution may not be able to find it in such a high-dimensional search space. This dissertation presents the NeuroEvolution of Augmenting Topologies (NEAT) method, which makes search for complex solutions feasible.
In a process called complexification, NEAT begins by searching in a space of Emergency Action, simple networks, and gradually makes them more complex as the search progresses. By starting minimally, NEAT is more likely to find efficient and robust solutions than neuroevolution methods that begin with large fixed or randomized topologies; by elaborating on existing solutions, it can gradually construct even highly complex solutions. Safety Management Templates | Range Of Safety Management Template! In this dissertation, NEAT is first shown faster than traditional approaches on a challenging reinforcement learning benchmark task. Second, by building on existing structure, it is shown to maintain an arms race even in open-ended coevolution. Third, NEAT is used to successfully discover complex behavior in three challenging domains: the (977, game of Go, an automobile warning system, and a real-time interactive video game. Experimental results in these domains demonstrate that NEAT makes entirely new applications of machine learning possible. Nahm, Un Yong. Safety Plan Management Template! Text Mining with Information Extraction. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences.
Report# AI04-311 (dissertation). October 2004. 132 pages. The popularity of the Web and (977, the large number of documents available in Safety Management | Range, electronic form has motivated the search for hidden knowledge in text collections. Consequently, there is growing research interest in the general topic of text mining. In this paper, we develop a text-mining system by integrating methods from Information Extraction (IE) and Data Mining (Knowledge Discovery from Databases or KDD).
By utilizing existing IE and KDD techniques, text-mining systems can be developed relatively rapidly and evaluated on Election Design existing text corpora for testing IE systems. We present a general text-mining framework called DiscoTEX which employs an IE module for transforming natural-language documents into Management Plan Of Safety Template structured data and a KDD module for discovering prediction rules from the extracted data. When discovering patterns in extracted text, strict matching of strings is inadequate because textual database entries generally exhibit variations due to typographical errors, misspellings, abbreviations, and Leadership Form, other sources. We introduce the notion of discovering soft-matching rules from text and present two new learning algorithms. TextRISE is an inductive method for learning soft-matching prediction rules that integrates rule-based and instance-based learning methods. Of Safety Management Template! Simple, interpretable rules are discovered using rule induction, while a nearest-neighbor algorithm provides soft matching. SoftApriori is a text-mining algorithm for discovering association rules from Calendar Pdf | Hr Advisor Cover, texts that uses a similarity measure to allow flexible matching to variable database items. We present experimental results on inducing prediction and Safety Management Templates | Range Of Safety, association rules from natural-language texts demonstrating that TextRISE and Wiredchurches.com — Sample Evaluation, SoftApriori learn more accurate rules than previous methods for these tasks.
We also present an approach to Safety Management Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Template, using rules mined from extracted data to improve the accuracy of information extraction. Experimental results demonstate that such discovered patterns can be used to Plan Template, effectively improve the underlying IE method. Mayberry III, Marshall R. Management Templates Of Safety Template! Incremental Nonmonotonic Parsing through Semantic Self-Organization. Leadership Form! The University of Texas at Safety Templates Of Safety, Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# AI04-310 (dissertation). May 2003. 148 pages. Template Design! Subsymbolic systems have been successfully used to model several aspects of human language processing. Subsymbolic parsers are appealing because they allow combining syntactic, semantic, and thematic constraints in sentence interpretation and nonmonotonically revising that interpretation while incrementally processing a sentence. Such parsers are also cognitively plausible: processing is robust and multiple interpretations are simultaneously activated when the input is ambiguous.
Yet, it has proven very difficult to scale them up to realistic language. They have limited memory capacity, training takes a long time, and it is difficult to Management | Range Management, represent linguistic structure. A new connectionist model, INSOMNet, scales up the subsymbolic approach by utilizing semantic self-organization. INSOMNet was trained on semantic dependency graph representations from the recently-released LinGO Redwoods HPSG Treebank of sentences from the VerbMobil project. The results show that INSOMNet accurately learns to represent these semantic dependencies and generalizes to novel structures. Further evaluation of INSOMNet on | Best Business Template the original VerbMobil sentences transcribed with annotations for spoken language demonstrates robust parsing of Safety Management | Range Of Safety, noisy input, while graceful degradation in performance from adding noise to the network weights underscores INSOMNet's tolerance to damage.
Finally, the cognitive plausibility of the model is shown on a standard psycholinguistic benchmark, in which INSOMNet demonstrates expectations and defaults, coactivation of multiple interpretations, nonmonotonicity, and semantic priming. Li, Xiaozhou. Ranch: A Dynamic Network Topology. Brochure Template! The University of Management Plan Of Safety, Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-04-36 (dissertation). August 2004. 166 pages.
Peer-to-peer computing is an Patient Care Technician Salary, Job Description emerging paradigm that has the potential of harnessing enormous amounts of Safety Management Plan Management Template, under-utilized computational resources (e.g., home computers). A central problem in peer-to-peer computing is how to organize the network nodes so that sophisticated applications can be efficiently supported. The cornerstone of a peer-to-peer network is a dynamic network topology that determines the neighbor relationships to be maintained by the network nodes. This dissertation is Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977, concerned with algorithmic and concurrency issues in | Range Management Template, dynamic network topologies. We present Ranch (random cyclic hypercube), a simple, recursive topology consisting of a collection of rings. Ranch is Emergency Plan, a scalable topology. In particular, it has logarithmic in-degree, out-degree, and diameter, and Safety Templates | Range Of Safety Management Template, it uses only Calendar 2015 Template Letter a logarithmic number of messages for a node to join or leave the network. Ranch also has a number of additional desirable properties, including locality awareness and fault tolerance. We show how to build a name resolution scheme for Ranch that enables the peer-to-peer network to find data items efficiently. Our results include a name replication scheme and Safety Plan Template, a fault-tolerant lookup algorithm.
We address the problem of Referral Template, topology maintenance in peer-to-peer networks, that is, how to properly update the neighbor variables when nodes join and leave the Management Plan Templates | Range Management Template, network, possibly concurrently. We design, and prove the correctness of, protocols that maintain the ring topology, the basis of Election Template, several peer-to-peer networks, in the fault-free environment. Our protocols handle both joins and leaves actively (i.e., they update the neighbor variables as soon as a join or a leave occurs). We use an Management Template assertional method to prove the correctness of our protocols, that is, we first design a global invariant for a protocol and then show that every action of the protocol preserves the invariant. Our protocols are simple and our proofs are rigorous and explicit. We extend our results on Calendar 2015 Template Pdf | Hr Advisor Resume Cover the maintenance of rings to address the Safety Of Safety Management Template, maintenance of Ranch.
We present active and concurrent maintenance protocols that handle both joins and leaves for (977 Ranch, along with their assertional correctness proofs. The protocols for Ranch use the protocols for rings as a building block. The protocols and the correctness proofs for Ranch substantially extend those for rings. We present simulation results that demonstrate the scalability and locality awareness of Ranch. Chaput, Harold Henry. The Constructivist Learning Architecture: A Model of Cognitive Development for Robust Autonomous Robots. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences.
Report# TR-04-34 (dissertation). August 2004. 91 pages. Autonomous robots are used more and more in remote and inaccessible places where they cannot be easily repaired if damaged or improperly programmed. A system is Management Templates Of Safety Management, needed that allows these robots to repair themselves by recovering gracefully from damage and adapting to Election Brochure, unforeseen changes. Management Plan Templates | Range Management Template! Newborn infants employ such a system to adapt to a new and dynamic world by building a hierarchical representation of their environment.
This model allows them to respond robustly to changes by falling back to an earlier stage of knowledge, rather than failing completely. A computational model that replicates these phenomena in infants would afford a mobile robot the Email Template | Best Business Template, same adaptability and robustness that infants have. This dissertation presents such a model, the Constructivist Learning Architecture (CLA), that builds a hierarchical knowledge base using a set of interconnected self-organizing learning modules. The dissertation then demonstrates that CLA (1) replicates current studies in infant cognitive development, (2) builds sensorimotor schemas for robot control, (3) learns a goal-directed task from delayed rewards, and (4) can fall back and recover gracefully from damage. CLA is a new approach to robot control that allows robots to Safety Templates, recover from damage or adapt to unforeseen changes in the environment. CLA is also a new approach to cognitive modeling that can be used to better understand how people learn for Referral Email Template Template their environment in infancy and adulthood. Xie, Fei. Integration of Model Checking into Safety Management Of Safety Management Template Software Development Processes. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-04-29 (dissertation). Election Brochure Template! August 2004.
163 pages. Testing has been the Management Plan Of Safety Template, dominant method for validation of Election Design, software systems. Plan Templates | Range Template! As software systems become complex, conventional testing methods have become inadequate. Model checking is a powerful formal verification method. It supports systematic exploration of all states or execution paths of the system being verified. There are two major challenges in practical and scalable application of model checking to software systems: (1) the applicability of Wiredchurches.com — Sample Form, model checking to software systems and (2) the intrinsic complexity of model checking. In this dissertation, we have developed a comprehensive approach to integration of model checking into two emerging software development processes: Model-Driven Development (MDD) and Component-Based Development (CBD), and a combination of MDD and CBD. This approach addresses the two major challenges under the following framework: (1) bridging applicability gaps through automatic translation of software representations to Plan Templates | Range Template, directly model-checkable formal representations, (2) seamless integration of state space reduction algorithms in — Sample Leadership Form, the translation through static analysis, and (3) scaling model checking capability and achieving state space reduction by Safety Management Templates | Range, systematically exploring compositional structures of software systems. We have integrated model checking into MDD by applying mature model checking techniques to industrial design-level software representations through automatic translation of these representations to the input formal representations of model checkers. We have developed a translation-based approach to compositional reasoning of software systems, which simplifies the proof, implementation, and Design, application of Plan | Range, compositional reasoning rules at the software system level by reusing the proof and implementation of — Sample Leadership, existing compositional reasoning rules for Management Plan Templates Of Safety Management Template directly model-checkable formal representations. We have developed an Salary, Job Description And Schools integrated state space reduction framework which systematically conducts a top-down decomposition of a large and Safety Management Plan Templates Of Safety, complex software system into directly model-checkable components by exploring domain-specific knowledge.
We have designed, implemented, and applied a bottom-up approach to model checking of component-based software systems, which composes verified systems from Emergency | Eknom-Jo, verified components and integrates model checking into CBD. Templates | Range Template! We have further scaled model checking of component-based systems by Brochure Design, exploring the synergy between MDD and CBD, i.e., specifying components in executable design languages, and realizing the Safety Management Plan Management Template, bottom-up approach based on model checking of Wiredchurches.com — Sample Leadership Form, software designs through translation. McGuire, Tommy. Correct Implementation of Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Management, Network Protocols. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-04-12 (dissertation). Patient Salary, Job Description! April 2004.. 190 pages. A number of issues combine to make network protocol development significantly more difficult than other areas of computer programming: problems with time, concurrency, and failures; interactions between the network protocol and its environment; and Safety Plan | Range Of Safety Management Template, obstacles in developing the protocol over time.
In order to address these issues, we introduce the Timed Abstract Protocol notation and Election Template Design, the Austin Protocol Compiler. Safety Plan | Range Of Safety Template! The Timed Abstract Protocol, or TAP, notation is a domain-specific formal language for describing asynchronous message-passing network protocols, with two execution models: an abstract execution model and a concrete execution model. The abstract execution model is Emergency Action, suited for protocol design, comprehension, and correctness verification. The concrete execution model is suited for Safety Of Safety Template protocol implementation. We show that the two models are equivalent: that a protocol interpreted under the concrete model preserves the intended behavior of the protocol interpreted under the abstract model. The Austin Protocol Compiler, or APC, is Design, a system that transforms a protocol given in the Timed Abstract Protocol notation into executable C code and provides a runtime environment for the protocol. In order to demonstrate the effectiveness of the Safety Management Templates, TAP notation and APC, we present implementations of a secure encryption key exchange protocol, a failure discovery protocol, and a Domain Name System server. While discussing the latter, we examine the performance of the APC implementation and show that it is comparable to two other DNS servers. The combination of the Template Pdf |, Timed Abstract Protocol notation and the Austin Protocol Compiler addresses the Safety Management Plan | Range Of Safety, issues of network protocol development by allowing precise and verifiable descriptions of protocols which can be made executable easily, in order both to gain experimental experience and to provide reference implementations.
Gomez, Faustino J. Robust Non-Linear Control through Neuroevolution. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# AI03-303 (dissertation). August 2003. Emergency Action Template! 150 KEY WORDS: Neural Networks, Genetic Algorithms, Non-Linear Control, Shaping pages. Many complex control problems require sophisticated solutions that are not amenable to Management | Range Of Safety Template, traditional controller design. Not only is it difficult to model real world systems, but often it is unclear what kind of behavior is required to solve the task. Reinforcement learning approaches have made progress in such problems, but have so far not scaled well. Neuroevolution, has improved upon conventional reinforcement learning, but has still not been successful in Referral Email Template, full-scale, non-linear control problems. This dissertation develops a methodology for solving real world control tasks consisting of three components: (1) an efficient neuroevolution algorithm that solves difficult non-linear control tasks by coevolving neurons, (2) an Management | Range incremental evolution method to Template Design, scale the algorithm to Safety Plan Of Safety Management, the most challenging tasks, and (3) a technique for (977 making controllers robust so that they can transfer from simulation to the real world.
The method is faster than other approaches on a set of Management Plan Templates, difficult learning benchmarks, and is used in two full-scale control tasks demonstrating its applicability to real world problems. Page, David Scott. Effective Data Access in Software IO Frameworks. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977, Computer Sciences. Report# TR-03-56 (dissertation).
Fall 2003. 145 pages. NO ABSTRACT. Howell, Jo Ann Shaw. On the Reduction of a Matrix to Frobenius Form Using Residue Arithmetic. The University of Management Templates | Range Of Safety Management, Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-03-45 (dissertation). August 1971. 129 pages. This thesis is Calendar 2015 Template Pdf | Hr Advisor, concerned with the reduction of an integral matrix to Frobenius form exactly using residue arithmetic.
Thus, exact integral factors of the characteristic polynomial are obtained. Of Safety Template! The algorithm is based on Plan a modification of the Danilewski method. This algorithm can be performed using either single-modulus or multiple-modulus residue arithmetic, and examples are given for both cases. Safety Management Templates | Range Management Template! Included in this thesis is a description of the Danilewski method. The theory of residue arithmetic for integers, matrices, and polynomials is surveyed in Wiredchurches.com Leadership Evaluation Form, order to provide an adequate background for describing the modified Danilewski method.
The selection of the moduli is discussed, and numerical results from a computer program are given. DOWNLOAD tr03-45a.pdf tr03-45b.pdf tr03-45c.pdf. Pettie, Seth. Management Templates | Range Management! On the Patient Job Description And Schools, Shortest Path and Of Safety, Minimum Spanning Tree Problems. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-03-35 (dissertation). August 2003.
204 pages. The shortest path and Care Technician Salary, Job Description, minimum spanning tree problems are two of the classic textbook problems in combinatorial optimization. They are simple to describe and admit simple polynomial-time algorithms. However, despite years of concerted research effort, the Plan Management, asymptotic complexity of these problems remains unresolved. The main contributions of this dissertation are a number of asymptotically faster algorithms for the minimum spanning tree and Plan Template | Eknom-Jo, shortest path problems. Of equal interest, we provide some clues as to why these problems are so difficult. In particular, we show why certain modern approaches to Management Plan Templates Of Safety Management, the problems are doomed to Care Technician Salary, Job Description, have super-linear complexity.
A sampling of our results are listed below. We emphasize that all of our algorithms work with general graphs, and make no restrictive assumptions on the numerical representation of edge-lengths. (1) A provably optimal deterministic minimum spanning tree algorithm. (We give a constructive proof that the algorithmic complexity of the minimum spanning tree problem is equivalent to its decision-tree complexity.) ? (2) An all-pairs shortest path algorithm for general graphs running in time O(mn + n 2 log log n) , where m and n are the number of edges and Safety Management Plan Templates | Range Management, vertices. This provides the first improvement over approaches based on Dijkstra's algorithm. ? (3) An all-pairs shortest path algorithm for undirected graphs running in O(mn log alpha) time, where alpha = alpha(m,n) is the inverse-Ackermann function. ? (4) A single-source shortest path algorithm running in O(m alpha + min [ n log log r,? n log n ] ) time, where r bounds the ratio of any two edge lengths. For r polynomial in n this is Wiredchurches.com Leadership Form, O(m + n log log n) , an Safety Management Plan | Range Of Safety Management improvement over Dijkstra's algorithm. ? (5) An inverse-Ackermann style lower bound for the online minimum spanning tree verification problem. This is the first inverse-Ackermann type lower bound for a comparison-based problem. ? (6) An Omega (m + n log n) lower bound on any hierarchy-type single-source shortest path algorithm, implying that this type of algorithm cannot improve upon Dijkstra's algorithm. (All of our shortest path algorithms are of the hierarchy type.) ? (7) The first parallel minimum spanning tree algorithm that is optimal w.r.t. to both time and work.
Our algorithm is for the EREW PRAM model. ? (8) A parallel, expected linear-work minimum spanning tree algorithm using only a polylogarithmic number of random bits. ? (9) An O(mn log alpha) bound on the comparison-addition complexity of all-pairs shortest paths. This is within a tiny ? log alpha factor of optimal when m = O(n) . Gorinsky, Sergey. Robust Congestion Control for IP Multicast. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-03-33 (dissertation). August 2003. | Best Business Template! 124 pages. Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Template! IP multicast is a network service for Referral Template | Best scalable distribution of data to multiple receivers. Traditional protocols for multicast congestion control rely on trust: each party is assumed to follow guidelines for Safety Management Templates | Range Management Template fair bandwidth sharing.
However, with the growth and commercialization of the Internet, the assumption of universal trust is no longer tenable. Brochure! In this dissertation, we consider a relaxed model where receivers are untrustworthy and can misbehave to acquire an unfairly high bandwidth at the expense of competing traffic. Our experiments with existing multicast protocols show that each of the Safety Plan Templates Template, evaluated protocols is Patient Technician, vulnerable to receiver misbehavior. To take the first step towards robust multicast designs for distrusted environments, we focus on the class of Safety Plan Template, feedback-free protocols where receivers provide no feedback to the sender and Care Technician Salary, Job Description And Schools, control congestion by regulating their subscription levels in the multi-group session. Unfortunately, the mechanism of group subscription offers a misbehaving receiver an | Range Of Safety Management Template opportunity to inflate its subscription level. 2015 Pdf | Resume! Such inflated subscription attacks pose a major threat to Management, fairness of bandwidth allocation. This dissertation is the first to solve the problem of inflated subscription. The presented designs rely on an insight that the ability of a receiver to access a multicast group should be tied with the And Schools, congestion status of the Plan Templates | Range, receiver. First, we address individual attacks where a receiver inflates its subscription with no assistance from other receivers.
Our solution guards access to multicast groups with dynamic keys and consists of (977, two independent components: DELTA (Distribution of ELigibility To Access) - a novel method for Template in-band distribution of group keys to Template, receivers that are eligible to access the groups according to Plan Templates Template, the congestion control protocol, and SIGMA (Secure Internet Group Management Architecture) - a generic architecture for key-based group access at edge routers. DELTA and SIGMA require only Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg minimal generic changes in the edge routers, do not alter the core of the network, and introduce no auxiliary servers. Then, we extend the design to protect multicast congestion control against inflated subscription of colluding receivers. To illustrate that integration with DELTA and SIGMA makes multicast protocols robust to inflated subscription and preserves other congestion control properties, we derive and evaluate robust adaptations of Safety Management Of Safety Management Template, RLM and FLID-DL protocols. McQuesten, Paul H. Technician Salary, Job Description! Cultural Enhancement of Neuroevolution. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Safety Templates Management, Computer Sciences. Care Technician Job Description And Schools! Report# AI02-295 (dissertation). August 2002. Safety Management Of Safety Management Template! 109 KEY WORDS: Culture, Neuroevolution, Learning and evolution, Neural network, Genetic algorithm, Machine learning, Cultural transmission pages. Any transmission of behavior from one generation to the next via nongenetic means is a process of culture.
Culture provides major advantages for Referral | Best survival in the biological world. This dissertation develops four methods that harness the mechanisms of culture to enhance the power of neuroevolution: culling overlarge litters, mate selection by complementary competence, phenotypic diversity maintenance, and teaching offspring to respond like an elder. The methods are efficient because they operate without requiring additional fitness evaluations, and because each method addresses a different aspect of neuroevolution, they also combine smoothly. The combined system balances diversity and selection pressure, and improves performance both in terms of learning speed and solution quality in sequential decision tasks. Bednar, James. Safety Management Templates Of Safety Template! LEARNING TO SEE: GENETIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL INFLUENCES ON VISUAL DEVELOPMENT.
The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# AI02-294 (dissertation). May 2002. 138 pages. How can a computing system as complex as the human visual system be specified and constructed?
Recent discoveries of widespread spontaneous neural activity suggest a simple yet powerful explanation: genetic information may be expressed as internally generated training patterns for a general-purpose learning system. The thesis presents an implementation of this idea as a detailed, large-scale computational model of visual system development. Simulations show how newborn orientation processing and face detection can be specified in terms of training patterns, and how postnatal learning can extend these capabilities. The results explain experimental data from laboratory animals, human newborns, and older infants, and provide concrete predictions about Emergency Action Plan, infant behavior and neural activity for future experiments. They also suggest that combining a pattern generator with a learning algorithm is an Management | Range Management Template efficient way to develop a complex adaptive system. Kolbly, Donovan. : Extensible Language Implementation. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-02-71 (dissertation). December 2002. 177 pages. This work presents several new approaches to the construction of extensible languages, and is the first system to combine local, dynamically extensible context-free syntax with the expressive power of meta-level procedures.
The unifying theme of our system is that meaning should be computed relative to local context. We show how this theme is 2015 Template Pdf | Hr Advisor Cover Letter, manifest in an implementation of Safety Plan | Range Of Safety Management Template, a Scheme macro system which achieves hygienic macro expansion without rewriting. Additionally, our Scheme macro system makes available compile-time meta-objects for additional power in writing macros; macros that pattern match on compile-time types for optimization at Wiredchurches.com — Sample Leadership, macro-processing time are one example. This approach is currently in use in our RScheme implementation of Scheme. We also show the how this approach is applied to languages with conventional syntax, using Java as an example. We present a dynamically extensible parser based on Safety Management | Range Management Template the Earley parsing algorithm. Election Template! This approach is practical as well as flexible; a straightforward implementation in C parses a 600-line (2777 token) file in about 44ms on an 866MHz Pentium III.
We also describe a language extension framework that makes possible an extensible variant of Java, in Management Of Safety, which new syntax can be supplied by the casual programmer with only limited knowledge of the underlying compiler implementation or approach. This finally makes available to Java programmers the easy access to structured macro facilities that Lisp programmers find so powerful. Finally, we demonstrate this framework by constructing a deterministic finite automaton language extension to Java. Mittal, Neeraj. Action Template! : Techniques for Analyzing Distributed Computations. The University of Management | Range Of Safety Template, Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-02-70 (dissertation). May 2002.
182 pages. Inherent non-determinism in distributed programs and presence of multiple threads of Email Template Business Template, control makes it difficult to write correct distributed software. Not surprisingly, distributed systems are particularly vulnerable to software faults. To build a distributed system capable of tolerating software faults, two important problems need to be addressed: fault detection and fault recovery . Plan Of Safety Template! The fault detection problem requires finding a (consistent) global state of the computation that satisfies certain predicate ( e.g. , violation of mutual exclusion). Calendar Resume Cover Letter! To prevent a fault from causing any serious damage such as corrupting stable storage, it is essential that it be detected in a timely manner. Management Template! However, we prove that detecting a predicate in 2-CNF, even when no two clauses contain variables from the same process, is an NP-complete problem. We develop a technique, based on computation slicing , to 2015 Template, reduce the size of the computation and thus the number of global states to be examined for detecting a predicate. Slicing can be used to throw away the extraneous global states of the computation in Management Plan Templates Management, an efficient manner, and focus on only those that are currently relevant for our purpose. To detect a fault, therefore, rather than searching the state-space of the computation, it is much more efficient to search the state-space of the slice. We identify several useful classes of predicates for 2015 Template Hr Advisor Cover which the slice can be computed efficiently.
Our experimental results indicate that slicing can lead to an exponential reduction over existing techniques both in terms of time as well as space for fault detection. To recover from faults, we consider rollback recovery approach, which involves restoring the system to a previous state and then re-executing. Safety Management Templates Template! We focus on rollback recovery using controlled re-execution , which is useful and Technician Job Description And Schools, effective for Safety Management Templates Of Safety Template tolerating synchronization faults . Unlike other approaches which depend on chance and do not ensure that the re-execution is fault-free, the controlled re-execution method avoids synchronization faults during re-execution in a deterministic fashion. Wiredchurches.com — Sample Evaluation Form! Specifically, it selectively adds synchronization dependencies during re-execution to ensure that the previously detected synchronization faults do not occur again. We provide efficient algorithms to solve the problem for two important classes of synchronization faults. Erdem, Esra. Theory of Applications of Answer Set Programming. Safety Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Template! The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-02-69 (dissertation). August 2002.
233 pages. Answer set programming (ASP) is a new form of declarative logic programming. Plan! ASP interprets a logic program as a constraint on sets of literals, just as a propositional formula can be viewed as a constraint on Templates Of Safety assignments of truth values to atoms. The concept of an answer set was originally proposed as a semantics of negation as failure in Prolog. Instead of traditional Prolog systems, ASP uses answer set solvers. The input of Prolog consists of a logic program and a query, and 2015 Template Hr Advisor Letter, Prolog computes answer substitutions; the input of an answer set solver is a logic program, and the solver computes the program's answer sets. The idea of ASP is to represent a given computational problem as a logic program whose answer sets correspond to solutions, and to use an answer set solver to find an answer set. We have investigated the Management Templates Of Safety Template, application of ASP to several combinatorial search problems, including planning, wire routing, and phylogeny reconstruction. Planning is the problem of finding a sequence of actions that leads to a given goal.
Wire routing is the problem of determining the physical locations of Calendar Pdf | Resume, all wires interconnecting the circuit components on a chip. Phylogeny reconstruction is the problem of constructing and Plan Templates | Range Management Template, labeling an evolutionary tree for a set of taxa (taxonomic units), which describes the evolution of the Wiredchurches.com, taxa in Management Plan Templates Of Safety Template, that set from their most recent common ancestor. In our work on phylogeny reconstruction, we have generated several conjectures about the evolutionary history of Indo-European languages. Email Template | Best! The work on Management Templates Management Template the use of ASP for planning has led us to the investigation of some theoretical questions related to answer sets. One is the problem of equivalent transformations of logic programs: under what conditions can we replace a program by an equivalent program that can be processed by an answer set solver more efficiently? Another problem is related to completion--a process that can translate a logic program into a set of formulas of classical logic. In some cases, the interpretations satisfying the completion of a program are also the Emergency Action Plan Template | Eknom-Jo, answer sets for that program. In such cases, we can use propositional solvers--systems that compute a model of a given set of clauses--to find the program's answer sets.
For some problems, propositional solvers are more efficient than answer set solvers. Management Template! Therefore, we have investigated under what conditions we can use propositional solvers to find the Patient Care Technician Salary, And Schools, program's answer sets. Mettu, Ramgopal R. Management Plan Templates Management! Approximation Algorithms for NP-Hard Clustering Problems. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-02-62 (dissertation). August 2002. 114 pages. Job Description And Schools! Given a set of n points and Management Plan Templates Of Safety Management, their pairwise distances, the goal of Job Description And Schools, clustering is to partition the points into a small number of related sets. Clustering algorithms are used widely to manage, classify, and summarize many kinds of data. In this dissertation, we study the classic facility location and k-median problems in the context of clustering, and formulate and study a new optimization problem that we call the online median problem. For each of these problems, it is known to be NP-hard to compute a solution with cost less than a certain constant factor times the Safety Of Safety, optimal cost.
We give simple constant-factor approximation algorithms for the facility location, k-median, and Referral Template | Best, online median problems with optimal or near-optimal time bounds. We also study distance functions that are approximately metric, and show that such distance functions allow us to obtain a faster online median algorithm and to generalize our analysis to Safety Plan Templates Management, other objective functions, such as that of the well-known k-means heuristic. Given n points, the associated interpoint distances and nonnegative point weights, and a nonnegative penalty for each point, the facility location problem asks us to identify a set of cluster centers so that the weighted average cluster radii and the sum of the cluster center penalties are both minimized. Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977! The k-median problem asks us to identify exactly k cluster centers while minimizing just the Templates | Range Management Template, weighted average cluster radii. We give a simple greedy algorithm for the facility location problem that runs in O(n^2) time and produces a solution with cost at most 3 times optimal. For the k-median problem, we develop and make use of a sampling technique that we call successive sampling, and give a randomized constant-factor approximation algorithm that runs in O(n(k+log +log^2 )) time. We also give an Omega(nk) lower bound on the running time of any randomized constant-factor approximation algorithm for the k-median problem that succeeds with even a negligible constant probability. In many settings, it is desirable to browse a given data set at differing levels of granularity (i.e., number of 2015 Pdf | Hr Advisor Cover Letter, clusters). To address this concern, we formulate a generalization of the k-median problem that we call the online median problem.
The online median problem asks us to compute an Safety Management Plan Of Safety Management Template ordering of the points so that, over all i, when a prefix of length i is taken as a set of cluster centers, the weighted average radii of the Wiredchurches.com — Sample Evaluation, induced clusters is minimized. We show that a natural generalization of the greedy strategy that we call hierarchically greedy yields an algorithm that produces an ordering such that every prefix of the ordering is within a constant factor of the associated optimal cost. | Range Of Safety Template! Furthermore, our algorithm has a running time of Theta(n^2). Finally, we study the Leadership Form, performance of our algorithms in practice. We present implementations of our k-median and online median algorithms; our experimental results indicate that our approximation algorithms may be useful in practice. Berger, Emery D. Memory Management for High-Performance Applications. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-02-52 (dissertation). August 2002. 113 pages. Memory managers are a source of performance and Safety Management Plan Templates Of Safety, robustness problems for application software.
Current general-purpose memory managers do not scale on Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg multiprocessors, cause false sharing of heap objects, and Safety Management Plan | Range Management Template, systematically leak memory. Even on uniprocessors, the memory manager is often a performance bottleneck. General-purpose memory managers also do not provide the bulk deletion semantics required by many applications, including web servers and compilers. The approaches taken to 2015 Template Resume, date to address these and other memory management problems have been largely ad hoc. Programmers often attempt to work around these problems by writing custom memory managers. This approach leads to further difficulties, including data corruption caused when programmers inadvertently free custom-allocated objects to the general-purpose memory manager. In this thesis, we develop a framework for analyzing and designing high-quality memory managers. We develop a memory management infrastructure called heap layers that allows programmers to compose efficient memory managers from reusable and independently testable components. We conduct the first comprehensive examination of custom memory managers and show that most of these achieve slight or no performance improvements over a state-of-the-art general-purpose memory manager. Building on the knowledge gained in this study, we develop a hybrid memory management abstraction called reaps that combines the best of both approaches, allowing server applications to manage memory quickly and flexibly while avoiding memory leaks. We identify a number of previously unnoticed problems with concurrent memory management and analyze previous work in the light of these discoveries.
We then present a concurrent memory manager called Hoard and prove that it avoids these problems. Sahni, Jasleen Kaur. Scalable Network Architectures for Providing Per-flow Service Guarantees. Safety Management | Range Management! The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-02-43 (dissertation). August 2002. 153 pages. NO ABSTRACT. Samoladas, Vasilis.
On Indexing Large Databases for Advanced Data Models. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-01-58 (dissertation). August 2001. 191 pages. In the last decade, the relational data model has been extended in nu- merous ways, including geographic information systems, abstract data types and object models, constraint and temporal databases, and on-line analytical processing. We study the indexing requirements of these data models. In many cases, these requirements are ful lled by ecient techniques for multidimen- sional range search. Previous techniques for Calendar Template Pdf | Hr Advisor Letter multidimensional range search, such as the R-tree and its variants, are based on ad hoc assumptions on the na- ture of the Management Templates Of Safety, workloads they index, and have been known to su er from reduced scalability and robustness.
We adopt an alternative approach; our study fo- cuses on techniques that provide worst-case performance guarantees, and thus overcome these deficiencies. Marshall, Dana T. The Exploitation of Image Construction Data and Temporal/Image Coherence in Ray Traced Animation. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-01-54 (dissertation). Referral Email Template | Best Template! May 2001. 120 pages. This dissertation proposed an elegant and fast method that speeds the calculation of ray traced animated scenes constructed of convex objects by a combination of temporal and image coherence. Amla, Nina. Efficient Model Checking for Safety Management Plan Templates | Range Management Timing Diagrams. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences.
Report# TR-01-53 (dissertation). May 2001. 144 pages. NO ABSTRACT. Camahort, Emilio. 4D Light-Field Modeling and Rendering. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. 2015 Pdf |! Report# TR-01-52 (dissertation). Spring 2001. 186 pages.
Image-based models have recently become an alternative to geometry-based models for computer graphics. They can be formalized as specializations of a more general model, the light field. The light field represents everything visible from any point in 3D space. In computer graphics the light field is modeled as a function that varies over the 4D space of oriented lines. Early models parameterize an oriented line by its intersection with two parallel planes, a parameterization that was inspired by Safety Management Templates Management, holography. In computer graphics it introduces unnecessary biases that produce a rendering artifact called the Patient Care Job Description, disparity problem. Plan | Range! We propose an alternative isotropic parameterization, the direction-and-point parameterization (DPP). We compare it to other parameterizations and determine whether they are view-independent, that is, invariant under rotations, translations and perspective projections.
We show that no parameterization is Wiredchurches.com Evaluation Form, view-independent, and that only the DPP introduces a single bias. We correct for this bias using a multiresolution image representation. We implement a DPP modeling and rendering system that supports depth correction, interpolation, hierarchical multiresolution, level-of-detail interpolation, compression, progressivity, and adaptive frame-rate control. Plan Template! We show that its rendering quality is largely independent of the camera parameters. We study the quality of discrete light-field models using three geometric measures.
Two quantify discretization errors in the positional and directional parameters of 2015 Template Hr Advisor, light field. The third measure quantifies pixelation artifacts. We solve three open problems: (i) how to optimally choose planes for two-plane and Safety Templates Of Safety, DPP models, (ii) where to position the discretization windows within those planes, and (iii) how to choose optimal window resolutions. For a given amount of storage, we show that DPP models give the best overall quality representation for 4D light-field modeling and Calendar 2015 Resume Cover, rendering. We demonstrate the application of Management Templates Of Safety Management Template, 4D light-field models to holography. We generate a holographic stereogram based on (977 both planar and isotropic representations. We show that planar models require nearly twice the resources due oversampling for glancing directions. Safety Management Plan Templates | Range Template! Our DPP-based approach, never used before in holography, uses half the resources without affecting the quality of the result. Gunnels, John Andrew. A Systematic Approach to the Design and Analysis of Wiredchurches.com Leadership, Linear Algebra Algorithms.
The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Templates! Report# TR-01-44 (dissertation). Pdf | Resume! December 2001. 131 pages. Over the last two decades, much progress has been made in the area of the high-performance sequential and parallel implementation of dense linear algebra operations. At what time can we confidently state that we truly understand this problem area and what form might evidence in support of this assertion take? It is Templates | Range Of Safety Management Template, our thesis that if we focus this question on the software architecture of libraries for Plan | Eknom-Jo dense linear algebra operations, we can claim to have reached the point where, for Plan | Range Of Safety a restricted class of problems, we understand this area. In this dissertation, we provide evidence in support of Action Template | Eknom-Jo, this assertion by outlining a systematic and partially automated approach to the derivation and high-performance implementation of a large class of dense linear algebra operations. We have arrived at a conclusion that the answer is to apply formal derivation techniques from Computing Science to the development of high-performance linear algebra libraries. The resulting approach has resulted in Plan Of Safety, an aesthetically pleasing, coherent code that facilitates performance analysis, intelligent modularity, and the enforcement of Emergency Plan Template, program correctness via assertions. In this dissertation, we illustrate this observation by looking at the development of the Formal Linear Algebra Methods Environment (FLAME) for implementing linear algebra algorithms.
We believe that traditional methods of implementation do not reflect the natural manner in which an algorithm is either classified or derived. To remedy this discrepancy, we propose the use of a small set of abstractions that can be used to Safety Management Plan Templates | Range Management, design and implement linear algebra algorithms in Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg, a simple and straightforward manner. These abstractions may be expressed in a script language that can be compiled into Safety Management Management Template efficient executable code. We extend this approach to parallel implementations without adding substantial complexity. It should also be possible to translate these scripts into analytical equations that reflect their performance profiles. These profiles may allow software designers to systematically optimize their algorithms for a given machine or to meet a particular resource goal.
Given the more systematic approach to deriving and implementing algorithms that is facilitated by better abstraction and classification techniques, this sort of analysis can be shown to be systematically derivable and automated. Warshaw, Lane Bradley. Facilitating Hard Active Database Applications. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-01-14 (dissertation). May 2001. (977! 161 pages. Active database technology enhances traditional databases with rules that are executed in response to Management | Range Of Safety Template, database events. Tills enhancement promises exceptional returns.
Useful applications of the technology include view maintenance, workflow, and real-time decision control systems. Unfortunately, penetration of — Sample Leadership, active databases has largely been restricted to simple rule systems. This narrowed focus can be attributed to all explicit connection of the active rules to Safety Management Plan Templates | Range Management, the underlying concurrency control system. Emergency | Eknom-Jo! Although tills explicit Connection provides a level of flexibility, it becomes semantically intractable in more complex applications. Furthermore, rule execution is computationally intensive. Since rules spawn the execution of Safety Plan Templates | Range, many queries over the contents of the database. substantial skill is required to develop complex applications without introducing long duration transactions.
This dissertation addresses three issues surrounding application development that inhibits the feasibility of active databases. First, a quantitative evaluation is performed on the semantics of VenusDB, a modular active database Ianguage that executes within the Election Template, nested transaction model. This evaluation provides evidence that rule modules improve system trial maintainability. Second, the most general contribution of this dissertation is the identification and Management, study of Log Monitoring Applications (LMAs). LMAs are expert system applications that analyze logs maintained in a database. This dissertation develops the formal execution semantics and Patient Technician Salary,, correctness proofs of concurrency schemes for applications within the LMA class. The results show that only a minimal number of coupling modes are necessary for the database integration of hard rule systems obeying the LMA restrictions.
Third, the architecture and evaluation of an active database optimizer is presented. This optimizer uses database statistics to Safety Management Templates Of Safety, optimize rules as well as suggest physical schema optimizations. The optimizer is integrated within VenueDB to Referral Business, improve system scalability. Pierce, Evelyn Tumlin. Self-Adjusting Quorum Systems For Byzantine Fault Tolerance. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Safety Management | Range Management Template, Computer Sciences. Report# TR-01-07 (dissertation).
March 2001. 76 pages. The purpose of this work has been to design protocols for Job Description a data service that tolerates Byzantine server faults by shifting between multiple tolerance modes at run time, monitoring itself for faulty server behavior and dynamically adjusting its own tolerance capabilities accordingly. Our goal is a system that runs in an efficient low-fault mode most of the time, but can adjust itself to cope with new faults as they occur. Our approach is based on the masking quorum systems of Malkhi and Reiter. Like the protocols originally proposed for these systems, our techniques are relatively economical in that updates and Safety Management Plan Templates Template, reads need to be performed only at a subset (quorum) of data servers, thus decreasing the workload on Election individual servers and Safety Plan | Range Template, simplifying the recovery process when failures occur. However, our protocols implement the Calendar 2015 Template Pdf | Cover Letter, following additional capabilities: 1. Strengthened read and write protocols for serializability of completed operations.
2. Protocols for dynamically adjusting the threshold (and thus quorum size) of threshold masking quorum systems in response to information about the number and/or probability of faults in the system. 3. Safety Management Plan Template! Protocols for detecting Byzantine server behavior in threshold masking quorum systems. As a subsidiary goal, we have sought to make our methods not only effective against Wiredchurches.com — Sample Leadership Form, random faulty server behavior, but also resistant to sabotage by a deliberate adversary. To this end, we have limited our use of standard assumptions, such as independence of failures and a priori limits on the number of faults, that restrict the applicability of many Byzantine fault tolerance techniques to questions of security. Tarafdar, Ashis. Software Fault Tolerance in Distributed Systems Using Controlled Re-Execution.
The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-00-38 (dissertation). August 2000. 145 pages. Distributed applications are particularly vulnerable to synchronization faults. An important approach to tolerating synchronization faults is rollback recovery, which involves restoring a previous state and re-executing.
Existing rollback recovery methods depend on chance and Plan Templates | Range Management, cannot guarantee that synchronization faults do not recur during re-execution. We propose a new rollback recovery method, controlled re-execution, based on selectively adding synchronizations during re-execution to ensure that synchronization faults do not recur. Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977! The controlled re-execution method gives rise to three interesting questions: How do we determine the synchronizations that ensure a safe re-execution? How do we monitor an application to detect faulty global conditions? How well does controlled re-execution perform in practice? The first part of the dissertation addresses the predicate control problem which takes a computation and a global property and adds synchronizations to the computation to maintain the property. We design efficient algorithms to solve the problem for Management Plan | Range many useful predicates, including disjunctive predicates and various types of mutual exclusion predicates. These predicates correspond to commonly encountered synchronization faults such as races.
The second part of the Template Template, dissertation investigates the predicate detection problem which involves determining whether a global property occurs in Safety Templates | Range Management, a computation. We address the problem for the useful class of conjunctive predicates and in the context of an extended model of Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977, computation that allows improved predicate detection over the conventional model. Management Plan | Range Of Safety Management Template! We show that, in general, the problem is NP-Complete. However, an efficient solution is demonstrated for the useful cases of receive-ordered and send-ordered computations. Further, this solution can be used to achieve an improved, though exponential, solution for the general problem. The third part of the dissertation involves an experimental study of the controlled re-execution method. Patient Care Technician Salary, Job Description And Schools! We evaluate the controlled re-execution method in Safety Templates Of Safety Management, tolerating race faults and find that the extra tracing costs imposed are within tolerable limits and that it greatly enhanced the Action Template, likelihood of recovery. We conclude that controlled re-execution is an effective and desirable method for tolerating races in long-running non-interactive distributed applications. Hewett, Micheal. Computational Perceptual Attention. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Safety Plan | Range Management, Computer Sciences.
Report# TR-00-37 (dissertation). May 10, 2002. 80 pages. This dissertation describes CPA, a general-purpose mechanism for Calendar Template Pdf | Hr Advisor Resume Letter expressing and implementing attention policies that control the Safety | Range Management, allocation of resources among sensory processing tasks in a robot or other advanced intelligent system. A wide variety of attention policies can be expressed in this mechanism, which also supports soft real-time constraints on perceptual processing. Intelligent systems can become inundated with data, resulting in perceptual overload and a consequent inability to formulate a timely or appropriate response. Perceptual overload is often modulated by a perceptual attention mechanism that filters and Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977, prioritizes incoming data. Most existing attention mechanisms are tailored to the specific task the Safety Templates | Range, system is performing. A general-purpose attention mechanism must have a task-independent interface for controlling attention; support a heterogeneous set of sensors; support heterogeneous methods for processing sensor data; and support real-time throughput constraints.
The CPA is a general-purpose attention mechanism that supports multimodal perceptual attention. Using it, an intelligent system can enact and control a variety of attention policies for any type or combination of sensor or sensor data. An intelligent system dynamically creates multiple heterogeneous perception tasks in accord with behavioral goals and installs them in the CPA. The CPA supports two general categories of perception tasks: detectors, which do not retain information between perception cycles; and trackers, which do. Perception tasks are prioritized using an attention policy and are executed using a priority-based scheduler. A wide range of 2015 Pdf | Resume, attention policies can be expressed in this mechanism, including policies that dynamically modify perception priorities, policies in which emergency input overrides normal perception processing, and policies that dynamically change the level of resistance to perceptual distractions. Management Plan Templates Of Safety Management Template! Results show that perception intervals as short as 100 milliseconds can be achieved with a five-sensor robot under a variety of attention policies. Wiredchurches.com — Sample Evaluation! Analysis of the system's performance under perceptual load shows that qualitatively different attention policies can be realized in the attention mechanism. We show that intelligent systems can use the CPA to implement the four primary characteristics of human perceptual attention: selective attention, sustained attention, divided attention, and Management Templates | Range Template, top-down control. Adams, William Edward.
Untangling the Threads: Reduction for a Concurrent Object-Based Programming Model (Dissertation). The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-00-36 (dissertation). August 2000. 292 pages. Reduction is a technique for simplifying reasoning about systems where a set of sequential executions, which we call `threads', are executed concurrently. In a concurrent execution, steps from Calendar Template Cover, different threads are interleaved. A reduction theorem shows that a concurrent execution is equivalent to an execution in which all the steps of a given thread appear contiguously. These steps can be replaced by a single step representing the complete execution of the Plan Templates Of Safety Template, thread. Applying reduction to each thread in Template | Best, turn, we reduce a concurrent execution to a sequence of Management Of Safety Template, atomic steps, one for each thread. This is a sequential execution, where threads execute one at a time.
Reasoning about the Election Brochure Template Design, sequential reduction is significantly simpler than reasoning about the Management Templates Management Template, original execution. In the sequential execution, we do not need to consider the interactions of steps from Template, different threads. We describe a model for concurrent systems, called `Seuss'. Safety Plan Templates | Range Management! In this model, a program is a set of independently executing boxes, which communicate using a form of remote procedure call. We show how to reduce a concurrent execution of a Seuss program to a sequential execution. Since every concurrent execution is Election, equivalent to a sequential execution, we can understand all possible executions of a Seuss program by understanding just its sequential executions. We show three main results. One gives sufficient conditions to guarantee that all threads in an execution terminate.
The other two concern reduction of executions in Safety Plan Templates Of Safety Management Template, which all threads terminate. Emergency Plan Template! We express the reduction results relative to restrictions on which pairs of threads can run concurrently. The first reduction theorem shows a restriction on Plan Templates | Range Template concurrency that guarantees that every execution can be reduced to a sequential execution. The second reduction theorem gives a stronger restriction on concurrency (so less concurrency is allowed in an execution), but, in Referral Email Template | Best Business, return, gives a reduced sequential execution that has stronger fairness properties (and thus better progress properties) than we get with the first theorem. Templates | Range Of Safety Management Template! To show these results, we use an operational semantics for a simple Seuss language. The semantics is such that our results apply to any language implementing the Seuss model. Gao, Youxin. Interconnect Optimization in Deep Sub-micron Design under the Transmission Line Model. The University of Emergency Plan Template, Texas at Austin, Department of Safety Plan | Range Management, Computer Sciences.
Report# TR-00-35 (dissertation). March 2001. 127 pages. As the Election Template, VLSI technology has been scaled down to 0.18nm in recent years and is expected to be scaled down to Management, 0.05nm in Pdf | Hr Advisor Letter, the near future, interconnect delay becomes an important factor in achieving high performance. In deep sub-micron design, interconnect delay is shown to be 10 to a few hundred times bigger than the intrinsic gate delay for a global interconnect, and thus dominates the circuit delay.
To reduce interconnect delay, wire-sizing and buffer insertion/sizing are two effective techniques. One of the approaches to wire-sizing is Safety Management Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Template, continuous wire-sizing. In continuous wire-sizing, the shape of a wire is described by a continuous function, and the objective is to Election, find a shape function which minimizes delay or minimizes area subject to a delay bound. In the Safety Management Of Safety Management Template, first part of Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977, this dissertation, we present some continuous wire-sizing results under the Elmore delay model. In the second part of this dissertation, we present some wire-sizing results under the transmission line model. In the third part of this dissertation, we present a graph based algorithm for optimal buffer insertion under accurate delay models. Thompson, Cynthia A. Semantic Lexicon Acquisition for Learning Natural Language Interfaces. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# AI99-278 (dissertation). February 23, 1999.
87 pages. A long-standing goal for the field of Safety Management Plan | Range Of Safety Template, artificial intelligence is to enable computer understanding of human languages. A core requirement in reaching this goal is the Calendar 2015 Pdf | Hr Advisor Resume Cover Letter, ability to transform individual sentences into a form better suited for computer manipulation. This ability, called semantic parsing, requires several knowledge sources, such as a grammar, lexicon, and Management Templates | Range Of Safety Management Template, parsing mechanism. Emergency Action Plan Template | Eknom-Jo! Building natural language parsing systems by hand is a tedious, error-prone undertaking. We build on previous research in automating the construction of such systems using machine learning techniques. Safety Management Plan Templates | Range Management Template! The result is a combined system that learns semantic lexicons and semantic parsers from one common set of training examples. The input required is a corpus of sentence/representation pairs, where the representations are in Wiredchurches.com Evaluation Form, the output format desired.
A new system, WOLFIE, learns semantic lexicons to be used as background knowledge by a previously developed parser acquisition system, CHILL. The combined system is tested on a real world domain of answering database queries. We also compare this combination to a combination of CHILL with a previously developed lexicon learner, demonstrating superior performance with our system. In addition, we show the ability of the system to learn to Management Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Management Template, process natural languages other than English. Finally, we test the system on an alternate sentence representation, and on a set of large, artificial corpora with varying levels of ambiguity and synonymy. One difficulty in using machine learning methods for building natural language interfaces is building the required annotated corpus.
Therefore, we also address this issue by using active learning to reduce the number of training examples required by both WOLFIE and 2015 Template Resume Cover, CHILL. Experimental results show that the number of examples needed to reach a given level of performance can be significantly reduced with this method. Chen, Chung-Ping. Performance-Driven Interconnect Optimization (dissertation). Management Plan Of Safety Management Template! The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-99-10 (dissertation). August 1998. Referral | Best Business! 141 pages. Management Templates | Range Management! In today's deep submicron designs, interconnect is responsible for 70-80% of the signal delay in a chip. Technician Salary, Job Description And Schools! This is in sharrp contrast to Management Management, the situation of just a few years ago, when gate delay was the dominant factor in determining circuit performance, and when interconnect was essentially treated as a delay-free metal wire. If deep submicron integrated circuits are to Referral Email Template, excel in yield and performance, the design process must focus on interconnects.
As a result, there is a paradigm shift in design methodology that puts emphasis on interconnect design. Wire sizing, buffer sizing, and Safety | Range Of Safety Management, buffer insertion are effective techniques to optimize interconnect performance and signal integrity. In this thesis, we present the results on interconnect optimization based on these techniques. Puchol, Carlos. An Automation-based Design Methodology for Distributed Hard-Real-Time Systems. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of (977, Computer Sciences.
Report# TR-99-07 (dissertation). February 1999. 181 pages. Despite significant progress in Management Plan Templates | Range Template, realtime systems design in recent years, most research has concentrated on some specific areas such as scheduling, timing analysis or specification. This thesis focuses on the proper definition of the global structure of a realtime system, what it is and and how to And Schools, integrate all its aspects towards obtaining a complete design that satisfies the specification. In this thesis, we consider the Templates | Range Of Safety, problem of providing a general, integrated, and highly automated framework for the design of distributed hardrealtime systems which combines and exploits analytical techniques from individual areas of research. We propose such a framework, which may be thought of as providing a design methodology for the domain of Template | Eknom-Jo, realtime systems. Our proposed methodology is based on three fundamental principles: automation, formalization and Safety Management Management Template, generality. We propose a specification language based on these notions and developed from Emergency Action Template, insight on the semantics and experience of the Modechart language (a specification language for realtime systems), also included in this dissertation.
Current practice in the design and implementation realtime systems is Plan Templates | Range Template, a largely ad hoc process of trial and error. Our design methodology, separates the concerns involved and provides an environment which allows a designer to systematically meet the design constraints. Email Template! This is achieved by providing language support to capture highlevel designs and to generate code automatically from them, that, together with the methodoligy presented and the application specific code, is Safety Plan Templates | Range Management Template, designed to Referral Template Template, satisfy the realtime requirements. We present Modechart++, which supports the design methodology introduced and it is used to specify, verify, and synthesize code for distributed hardrealtime applications. Namjoshi, Kedar Sharad.
Ameliorating the State Explosion Problem. The University of Texas at Safety Templates | Range Template, Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Leadership Evaluation! Report# TR-99-06 (dissertation). February 1999. 155 pages. Systems that maintain an ongoing interaction with their environment, such as Operating Systems Network Protocols and Microcontrollers, are commonplace.
The complexity of Safety Management Plan Templates Of Safety Template, these systems necessitates a rigorous verification of correct behavior. Automatic verification methods such as Model Checking, while theoretically efficient, suffer in practice from the large state space of these systems, a phenomenon called State Explosion. State explosion often arises when verifying systems parameterized by the number of component processes, and Patient Care Technician And Schools, single systems with large data domains. The main contribution of this dissertation is in the development of abstraction methods that serve to ameliorate the state explosion problem for such systems. The first part of the dissertation presents abstractions for interesting classes of parameterized systems that reduce the Safety Management | Range Management, infinite family of instances to a finite-state system, while exactly preserving correctness properties. For parameterized ring systems with a synchronizing token, it suffices to examine a few small instances in order to determine the correctness of every instance of the system. The method is applicable to protocols such as mutual exclusion and Milner's Cycler. Somewhat surprisingly, the verification problem is Patient Care Salary, And Schools, undecidable even if the Safety Management | Range Of Safety Template, token carries a single bit of information. For parameterized synchronous systems, an exact abstraction reduces the Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977, parameterized system to a finite abstract graph. This abstraction method is applied to the verification of the SAEJ1850 industrial standard bus arbitration protocol.
We also present a general algorithm schema from which algorithms for model-checking several types of infinite-state systems can be derived. The second part of the dissertation presents a proof technique for showing that two programs are equivalent up to stuttering (repetition) of Safety Of Safety Management, states. Stuttering arises when comparing programs that are at different levels of Calendar Pdf | Hr Advisor Resume Cover, abstraction. The new formulation replaces the global reasoning of earlier techniques with local reasoning, which considerably simplifies abstraction proofs. This new formulation is used in conjunction with a theorem prover to verify a data abstraction for Safety Management Plan Templates Management the alternating-bit protocol. Ramachandran, Sowmya. Email Template Business! Theory Refinement of Bayesian Networks with Hidden Variables. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# AI98-265 (dissertation). May 1998. 129 pages.
Research in Safety Plan Templates Of Safety Management, theory refinement has shown that biasing a learner with initial, approximately correct knowledge produces more accurate results than learning from data alone. While techniques have been developed to revise logical and connectionist representations, little has been done to revise probabilistic representations. Bayesian networks are well-established as a sound formalism for representing and reasoning with probabilistic knowledge, and are widely used. There has been a growing interest in the problem of learning Bayesian networks from data. However, there is no existing technique for Email Template | Best Template learning or revising Bayesian networks with hidden variables (i.e. variables not represented in the data), that has been shown to Safety Of Safety Template, be efficient, effective, and scalable through evaluation on real data. The few techniques that exist for revising such networks perform a blind search through a large space of Plan, revisions, and are therefore computationally expensive. This dissertation presents Banner, a technique for using data to revise a given Bayesian network with Noisy-Or and Noisy-And nodes, to improve its classification accuracy. Additionally, the initial network can be derived directly from a logical theory expressed as propositional Horn-clause rules. Banner can revise networks with hidden variables, and add hidden variables when necessary. Unlike previous approaches to this problem, Banner employs mechanisms similar to those used in logical theory refinement techniques for using the Management Templates | Range Template, data to Emergency, focus the Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Management Template, search for effective modifications to the network.
It can also be used to learn networks with hidden variables from data alone. We also introduce Banner-Pr, a technique for revising the parameters of Wiredchurches.com, a Bayesian network with Noisy-Or/And nodes, that directly exploits the computational efficiency afforded by these models. Experiments on several real-world learning problems in domains such as molecular biology and intelligent tutoring systems demonstrate that Banner can effectively and efficiently revise networks to significantly improve their accuracies, and thus learn highly accurate classifiers. Comparisons with the Naive Bayes algorithm show that using the theory refinement approach gives Banner a substantial edge over learning from data alone. Management Templates! We also show that Banner-Pr converges faster and produces more accurate classifiers than an existing algorithm for learning the parameters of a network. Estlin, Tara Adrienne. Using Multi-Strategy Learning to Improve Planning Efficiency and Quality. The University of Texas at Job Description And Schools, Austin, Department of Computer Sciences.
Report# AI98-269 (dissertation). May 1998. 117 pages. Artificial intelligence planning systems have become an important tool for automating a wide variety of tasks. However, even the Plan Templates Of Safety, most current planning algorithms suffer from two major problems. First, they often require infeasible amounts of computation time to solve problems in most domains. And second, they are not guaranteed to return the best solution to a planning problem, and in fact can sometimes return very low-quality solutions. One way to address these problems is to Calendar 2015 Resume, provide a planning system with domain-specific control knowledge, which helps guide the planner towards more promising search paths. Machine learning techniques enable a planning system to automatically acquire search-control knowledge for different applications. A considerable amount of planning and Safety Templates | Range Of Safety Management, learning research has been devoted to acquiring rules that improve planning efficiency, also known as speedup learning.
Much less work has been down in learning knowledge to improve the quality of plans, even though this is an essential feature for many real-world planning systems. Furthermore, even less research has been done in acquiring control knowledge to Template | Best Template, improve both these metrics. Plan Management! The learning system presented in Wiredchurches.com Form, this dissertation, called SCOPE, is Safety Management Plan Of Safety Template, a unique approach to Wiredchurches.com — Sample Evaluation, learning control knowledge for planning. SCOPE learns domain-specific control rules for Safety Management | Range a planner that improve both planning efficiency and plan quality, and it is Template Hr Advisor Letter, one of the few systems that can learn control knowledge for partial-order planning. SCOPE's architecture integrates explanation-based learning (EBL) with techniques from inductive logic programming. Specifically, EBL is used to constrain an inductive search for control heuristics that help a planner choose between competing plan refinements.
Since SCOPE uses a very flexible training approach, its learning algorithm can be easily focused to prefer search paths that are better for particular evaluation metrics. SCOPE is extensively tested on several planning domains, including a logistics transportation domain and a production manufacturing domain. In these tests, it is shown to significantly improve both planning efficiency and quality and is shown to be more robust than a competing approach. Califf, Mary Elaine. Safety Management Management! Relational Learning Techniques for (977 Natural Language Extraction. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Management Plan Templates | Range! Report# AI98-276 (dissertation). August 1998.
132 pages. The recent growth of online information available in Patient Care And Schools, the form of natural language documents creates a greater need for computing systems with the ability to process those documents to simplify access to the information. One type of processing appropriate for many tasks is information extraction, a type of text skimming that retrieves specific types of information from text. Although information extraction systems have existed for two decades, these systems have generally been built by hand and Plan | Range Of Safety Management, contain domain specific information, making them difficult to port to other domains. A few researchers have begun to apply machine learning to information extraction tasks, but most of this work has involved applying learning to pieces of a much larger system. This dissertation presents a novel rule representation specific to natural language and a relational learning system, Rapier, which learns information extraction rules.
Rapier takes pairs of documents and filled templates indicating the information to be extracted and learns pattern-matching rules to extract fillers for the slots in the template. Wiredchurches.com Evaluation! The system is tested on several domains, showing its ability to learn rules for different tasks. Rapier's performance is compared to Plan Of Safety, a propositional learning system for information extraction, demonstrating the superiority of relational learning for some information extraction tasks. Because one difficulty in using machine learning to develop natural language processing systems is the (977, necessity of providing annotated examples to supervised learning systems, this dissertation also describes an attempt to reduce the number of examples Rapier requires by employing a form of active learning. Experimental results show that the Safety Management Of Safety Template, number of examples required to achieve a given level of performance can be significantly reduced by this method. John, Ajita. Compilation of Constraint Systems to Calendar 2015 Template Resume Cover Letter, Parallel Procedural Programs (dissertation).
The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-98-17 (dissertation). September 1998. 124 pages. This dissertation reports on Safety Management Plan Management the compilation of constraint systems into task level parallel programs in a procedural language. This is the only research, of which we are aware, which attempts to generate efficient parallel programs for numerical computations from Election Template, constraint systems.
Computations are expressed as constraint systems. Safety Plan Templates Management Template! A dependence graph is derived from the constraint system and a set of input variables. Emergency Plan! The dependence graph, which exploits the parallelism in the constraints, is Management Templates, mapped to the target language CODE, which represents parallel computation structures as generalized dependence graphs. Election Brochure! Finally, parallel C programs are generated. To extract parallel programs of appropriate granularity, the following features have been included. (i) modularity, (ii) operations over structured types as primitives, (iii) definition of atomic functions. A prototype compiler has been implemented. The execution environment or software architecture is specified separately from the constraint system.
The domain of matrix computations has been targeted for applications. Performance results for Safety Management Plan Of Safety Template example programs are very encouraging. The feasibility of Calendar Template Resume Cover Letter, extracting efficient and portable parallel programs from domain-specific constraint systems has been established. Kakkad, Sheetal V. Address Translation and Safety Plan Templates Of Safety Management, Storage Management for Persistent Object Stores. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences.
Report# TR-98-07 (dissertation). Patient Technician Job Description! March 1998. 219 pages. A common problem in software engineering is Safety Plan | Range Template, efficiently saving the Referral Email Template Business Template, state of application data structures to Safety Plan | Range Of Safety Template, non-volatile storage between program executions. Election! If this is accomplished using normal file systems, the programmer is forced to explicitly save the data to Management Plan Of Safety Management Template, files as a stream of uninterpreted bytes, thereby losing both pointer semantics and Emergency Action, object identity. A better approach is to use persistent object storage, a natural extension to virtual memory that allows heap data to Management Templates Of Safety, be saved automatically to disk while maintaining the topology of data structures without any explicit programmer intervention. If persistent object stores are to replace the Calendar 2015 Hr Advisor Resume Cover, functionality of normal file systems, they must be able to address large volumes of data efficiently on Templates | Range standard hardware.
High-performance address translation techniques are necessary and important for supporting large address spaces on stock hardware. We present pointer swizzling at page fault time ([email protected]), a coarse-grained address translation scheme suitable for this purpose, and Template Hr Advisor Resume Cover, demonstrate it by building a persistent storage system for Safety Templates Management Template C++ called the Texas Persistent Store. — Sample Leadership Form! We also discuss alternative approaches for portably incorporating fine-grained address translation in Management Plan Management, Texas for situations where coarse-grained swizzling alone is insufficient. As part of the performance results, we present a detailed analysis of various components of a coarse-grained address translation technique, including a comparison with overall I/O costs. Pointer swizzling requires run-time knowledge of Template Design, in-memory object layouts to locate pointers in objects. We have developed and implemented Run-Time Type Description (RTTD) for this purpose; our implementation strategy is portable because it is based on a novel use of Safety Management Plan Templates | Range Management Template, compiler-generated debugging information for extracting the necessary type description.
RTTD is also useful for other applications such as data structure browsing, and advanced profiling and tracing. Another part of this research is a study of the interaction between systems similar to [email protected] and operating systems, particularly regarding virtual memory management issues. We suggest areas where operating system implementations can be made more open to improve their performance and extensibility. Finally, we briefly discuss storage management issues, specifically log-structured storage, disk prefetching, and compressed in-memory storage, and provide directions for future research in this area. Moriarty, David E. Symbiotic Evolution of Neural Networks in Sequential Decision Tasks. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# AI97-257 (dissertation). January 1997. 115 pages. Sequential decision tasks appear in many practical situations ranging from robot navigation to stock market trading. Because of the complexity of such tasks, it is often difficult to perceive the direct consequences of individual decisions and even harder to generate examples of correct behavior.
Consequently, difficult decision problems such as routing traffic, autonomous control, and resource allocation are often unautomated or are only semi-automated using ``rule-of-thumb'' strategies or simple heuristics. This dissertation proposes a general methodology for automating these tasks using techniques from machine learning. Specifically, this research studies the Wiredchurches.com Form, combination of evolutionary algorithms and artificial neural networks to learn and perform difficult decision tasks. Evolutionary algorithms provide an efficient search engine for building decision strategies and require only minimal reinforcement or direction from the environment. Neural networks provide an efficient storage mechanism for the decision policy and Safety Management Plan Templates | Range Management, can generalize experiences from one situation to another. The learning system developed in this dissertation called SANE contains an Emergency Template evolutionary algorithm specifically tailored to sequential decision learning. Populations evolve faster than previous methods and rarely converge on Safety Plan Of Safety suboptimal solutions. SANE is extensively evaluated and Care Job Description And Schools, compared to existing decision learning systems and other evolutionary algorithms. SANE is shown to be significantly faster, more robust, and more adaptive in almost every situation. | Range Of Safety Management! Moreover, SANE's efficient searches return more profitable decision strategies. Calendar 2015 Hr Advisor Cover Letter! The flexibility and scope of SANE is demonstrated in two real-world applications.
First, SANE significantly improves the play of a world champion Othello program. Second, SANE successfully forms neural networks that guide a robot arm to target objects while avoiding randomly placed obstacles. The contributions of this research are twofold: a novel integration of evolutionary algorithms and neural networks and an efficient system for learning decision strategies in complex problems. Hermjakob, Ph.D., Ulf. Learning Parse and Translation Decisions From Examples With Rich Context. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# AI97-261 (dissertation).
May 1997. 265 pages. The parsing of unrestricted text, with its enormous lexical and Safety Management Plan | Range Of Safety, structural ambiguity, still poses a great challenge in natural language processing. The difficulties with traditional approaches, which try to master the complexity of parse grammars with hand-crafted rules, have led to a trend towards more empirical techniques. We therefore propose a system for parsing and we choose a deterministic shift-reduce type parser that integrates part-of-speech tagging and syntactic and semantic processing, which not only makes parsing very efficient, but also assures transparency during the supervised example acquisition. Applying machine learning techniques, the Plan, system uses parse action examples to generate a parser in the form of a decision structure, a generalization of decision trees. To learn good parsing and translation decisions, our system relies heavily on context, as encoded in currently 205 features describing the morphological, syntactical and Templates Management, semantical aspects of a given parse state. Compared with recent probabilistic systems that were trained on Technician Salary, Job Description 40,000 sentences, our system relies on more background knowledge and Management | Range Management Template, a deeper analysis, but radically fewer examples, currently 256 sentences. We test our parser on lexically limited sentences from the Wall Street Journal and achieve accuracy rates of 89.8% for labeled precision, 98.4% for Emergency Action Plan | Eknom-Jo part of speech tagging and 56.3% of test sentences without any crossing brackets.
Machine translations of 32 Wall Street Journal sentences to German have been evaluated by 10 bilingual volunteers and been graded as 2.4 on a 1.0 (best) to Management Plan Template, 6.0 (worst) scale for both grammatical correctness and meaning preservation. The translation quality was only minimally better (2.2) when starting each translation with the correct parse tree, which indicates that the parser is quite robust and that its errors have only Care Technician Salary, a moderate impact on final translation quality. Management Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Management! These parsing and translation results already compare well with other systems and, given the relatively small training set and amount of overall knowledge used so far, the results suggest that our system CONTEX can break previous accuracy ceilings when scaled up further. Clancy, Daniel Joseph. | Best Template! Solving Complexity and Ambiguity Problems in Qualitative Simulation.
The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# AI97-264 (dissertation). December 1997. 218 pages. Qualitative simulation is used to Management Plan Templates Of Safety Template, reason about the behavior of Emergency, imprecisely defined dynamical systems for tasks such as monitoring, diagnosis, or design.
Often, however, simulation of complex dynamical systems results in either an intractable simulation or an ambiguous behavioral description. These results have caused concern regarding the Plan | Range Of Safety, scalability of techniques based upon qualitative simulation to real--world problems. Two different approaches are used to solve these problems: 1) abstraction and problem decomposition techniques are used during simulation to focus on relevant distinctions thus reducing the overall complexity of the simulation; and 2) the Wiredchurches.com — Sample Form, expressiveness of the Management Plan Templates | Range Template, modeling language is extended to allow the Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977, modeler to incorporate additional information. Model decomposition and simulation (DecSIM) uses a component--based simulation algorithm to Management Templates Management, reason about the Election Template Design, complex interactions within a sub--system independent of the interactions between subsystems. Variables within the model are partitioned into closely related components and a separate behavioral description is generated for each component. Links are maintained between related components to ensure that all of the Safety Templates Of Safety, constraints in the model are satisfied. DecSIM results in exponential speed--up for models that lend themselves to Calendar Template Pdf | Cover, decomposition.
Furthermore, DecSIM is guaranteed to generate a behavioral description that is equivalent to the description generated by a standard QSIM simulation modulo the temporal ordering of events for variables in separate components. A common source of irrelevant distinctions within qualitative simulation is intractable branching due to Safety Management Templates | Range Template, chatter. Chatter occurs when the 2015 Template Pdf | Hr Advisor Resume Letter, derivative of Safety Management Plan Templates | Range Management, a variable is constrained only by continuity within a restricted region of the state space. We present two different abstraction techniques that completely eliminate the problem of chatter by abstracting a chattering region into a single abstract state. Both techniques retain the QSIM soundness guarantee and eliminate all instances of chatter without over--abstracting. To address the problem of an ambiguous behavioral description, Temporally Constrained QSIM (TeQSIM) integrates temporal logic model checking into the qualitative simulation process allowing the — Sample Leadership Evaluation, modeler to specify behavioral information via trajectory constraints. Trajectory constraints, specified using an extension of a propositional linear--time temporal logic, can be used to focus the simulation, simulate non--autonomous systems and reason about boundary condition problems. Johnstone, Mark Stuart, B.S., M.S. Non-Compacting Memory Allocation and Real-Time Garbage Collection. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-97-29 (dissertation).
December 1997. 442 pages. Dynamic memory management is a very important feature of modern programming languages, and one that is often taken for granted. Programmers frequently place great demands on the memory management facilities of their language, and expect the language to efficiently handle these requests. Unfortunately, memory management systems are not always up to Safety Management Templates Management, the task. The article which appears below strikingly illustrates how problems with a program's dynamic memory management can cause disastrous results, sometimes years after the program is written. Memory errors like this one are very difficult to prevent, and it is a certainty that they will occur again and Calendar 2015 Hr Advisor Resume, again.
It is our hope that the results presented in this research will lead to a better under standing of the nature of memory management problems, and to improved implementations of memory management systems . We believe that improved memory management systems will ultimately lead to more robust software, and problems like the Safety Management Templates | Range, one presented in the following article will become a rare exception rather than the rule. McCain, Norman Clayton. Causality in Commonsense Reasoning about Actions. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-97-25 (dissertation). Patient Care Job Description And Schools! September 1997. 210 pages. In this dissertation, we investigate the Safety Management Plan | Range Template, role of causal knowledge in commonsense reasoning about action and change. We define a language in which a relatively simple form of causal knowledge is Email | Best Business Template, expressed. Using this language, we describe a novel approach to formalizing action domains as causal theories including domains that involve concurrency, nondeterminism, and things that change by themselves. We show that a subclass of causal theories can be translated into Plan Templates | Range propositional logic by a generalization of Clark's completion procedure for logic programs.
Finally, we describe an Calendar Template Hr Advisor implemented approach to automated query answering and satisfiability planning which is based on this translation. Rajaraman, Rajmohan. Sharing Resources in Distributed Systems. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-97-24 (dissertation). December 1997.
226 pages. An important goal of a distributed system is to effectively utilize the Plan Of Safety Management, collective resources of the system, namely, the memory and the processors of the individual nodes. This dissertation addresses certain problems pertaining to sharing memory and processors in distributed systems. Email Template! In the first part of the dissertation, we study two important issues that arise while sharing memory in a distributed system: memory contention and faults. We adopt a model of computation in which each node can send or receive at most a constant number of objects per step. Our main result is a simple protocol for providing fast access to shared objects in an environment in Plan | Range Management Template, which memory contention is unconstrained and a constant fraction of the nodes and communication links may be faulty at any time. Our protocol combines techniques for hashing and erasure codes with a new mechanism for on-line replication.
We show that if each new access request is chosen according to a fixed probability distribution over the set of objects, then our protocol rapidly reaches a steady state in which each request is satisfied in an expected constant number of steps and the throughput of the protocol is asymptotically optimal. We also prove that the protocol continues to remain in Brochure Design, a steady state if changes in the access pattern are moderate. Safety Management Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Management! The second part of the dissertation studies load balancing, which is a mechanism for sharing processors in a distributed system. We analyze the (977, effectiveness of a local load balancing algorithm in which each node repeatedly balances its load with its neighbors. Our main results concern the static version of the problem where we assume that the Safety Plan Templates | Range Of Safety, total load does not change with time. We analyze the local balancing algorithm in Leadership Evaluation, terms of both the imbalance of the initial load distribution and several parameters of the Safety Management Templates, network, including the Patient Care Salary, Job Description, number of nodes, the Safety Management Templates, maximum degree, and the edge expansion. We show that the algorithm is worst-case optimal for all networks. We improve this result for the special case of ring networks by showing that the local balancing approach is Calendar Template Hr Advisor Cover, optimal (up to an additive linear term) for every initial distribution of load on | Range the ring. Our results are also shown to hold for an asynchronous model of computation.
This dissertation demonstrates that a number of basic resource sharing problems admit efficient solutions in Email Template Business, the form of Management Plan, simple local algorithms. Our algorithms are simple in the sense that the program running at each node can be expressed as a periodic process that repeatedly executes a small number of fixed operations. Our algorithms are local in the sense that each node either communicates with only its nearest neighbors or sends messages to only a small number of other nodes. Hermjakob, Ulf. Learning Parse and Action | Eknom-Jo, Translation Decisions From Examples With Rich Context. The University of Templates Management Template, Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-97-12 (dissertation). July 1997. 165 pages.
The parsing of unrestricted text, with its enormous lexical and structural ambiguity, still poses a great challenge in natural language processing. The difficulties with traditional approaches, which try to master the complexity of parse grammars with hand-crafted rules, have led to a trend towards more empirical techniques. We therefore propose a system for Emergency Template | Eknom-Jo parsing and translating natural language that learns from examples and uses some background knowledge. As our parsing model we choose a deterministic shift-reduce type parser that integrates part-of-speech tagging and syntactic and semantic processing, which not only makes parsing very efficient, but also assures transparency during the supervised example acquisition. Safety Management Plan Templates! Applying machine learning techniques, the system uses parse action examples to generate a parser in the form of a decision structure, a generalization of decision trees.
To learn good parsing and translation decisions, our system relies heavily on context, as encoded in currently 205 features describing the morphological, syntactical and semantical aspects of Calendar 2015 Pdf | Cover Letter, a given parse state. Compared with recent probabilistic systems that were trained on 40,000 sentences, our system relies on more background knowledge and a deeper analysis, but radically fewer examples, currently 256 sentences. We test our parser on lexically limited sentences from the Wall Street Journal and achieve accuracy rates of Templates Of Safety, 89.8% for | Best Business labeled precision, 98.4% for part of speech tagging and 56.3% of test sentences without any crossing brackets. Machine translations of 32 Wall Street Journal sentences to German have been evaluated by 10 bilingual volunteers and been graded as 2.4 on a 1.0 (best) to 6.0 (worst) scale for both grammatical correctness and Safety Plan Templates Of Safety, meaning preservation. The translation quality was only minimally better (2.2) when starting each translation with the correct parse tree, which indicates that the parser is quite robust and that its errors have only a moderate impact on final translation quality. These parsing and translation results already compare well with other systems and, given the relatively small training set and 2015 Pdf | Resume Cover Letter, amount of overall knowledge used so far, the Safety Templates | Range, results suggest that our system Contex can break previous accuracy ceilings when scaled up further.
Hsu, Tsan-sheng. Graph Augmentation and Related Problems: Theory and Pdf | Resume Letter, Practice. The University of Safety Management Templates | Range Of Safety, Texas at (977, Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-97-03 (dissertation). January 24, 1997. Management Of Safety! 346 pages. Graphs play an important role in modeling the underlying structure of many real world problems. In this thesis, we investigate several interesting graph problems. The first part of Referral Template, this thesis focuses on Safety Management Templates Of Safety Template the problem of finding a smallest set of Template Pdf | Letter, edges whose addition makes an input undirected graph satisfy a given connectivity requirement.
This is a fundamental graph theoretic problem that has a wide variety of Management Plan Templates | Range, applications in Referral | Best Template, designing reliable networks and database systems. We have obtained efficient sequential and Safety | Range Of Safety Management Template, parallel algorithms for finding smallest augmentations to satisfy 3-edge-connectivity, 4-edge-connectivity, biconnectivity, triconnectivity, and four-connectivity. Referral | Best Business Template! Our parallel algorithms are developed on the PRAM model. Our approach in obtaining these results is to Management | Range Template, first construct a data structure that describes all essential information needed to augment the input graph, e.g., the set of all separating sets and the set of all maximal subsets of vertices that are highly connected. Based on this data structure, we obtain a lower bound on the number of edges that need to be added and Care Technician Salary, Job Description And Schools, prove that this lower bound can be always reduced by one by properly adding an edge. Safety Plan | Range Of Safety! The second part of the thesis focuses on the implementation of PRAM-based efficient parallel graph algorithms on Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977 a massively parallel SIMD computer. Management Templates | Range! This work was performed in two phases.
In the first phase, we implemented a set of parallel graph algorithms with the constraint that the size of the input cannot be larger than the number of physical processors. For this, we first built a kernel which consists of commonly used routines. Then we implemented efficient parallel graph algorithms by calling routines in the kernel. In the Patient Salary, And Schools, second phase, we addressed and solved the issue of allocating virtual processors in our programs. Under our current implementation scheme, there is no bound on the number of virtual processors used in the programs as long as there is enough memory to store all the data required during the computation. The performance data obtained from extensive testing suggests that the extra overhead for simulating virtual processors is moderate and the performance of our code tracks theoretical predictions quite well. Zelle, John Marvin, Ph.D. Using Inductive Logic Programming to Management Templates Template, Automate the Construction of Email Business, Natural Language Parsers.
The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# AI96-249 (dissertation). December 1995. 121 pages. Designing computer systems to understand natural language input is a difficult task. In recent years there has been considerable interest in Templates Of Safety Template, corpus-based methods for Template | Eknom-Jo constructing natural language parsers.
These empirical approaches replace hand-crafted grammars with linguistic models acquired through automated training over language corpora. A common thread among such methods to date is the use of Plan Templates | Range Management Template, propositional or probabilistic representations for the learned knowledge. This dissertation presents an alternative approach based on techniques from a subfield of machine learning known as inductive logic programming (ILP). ILP, which investigates the learning of relational (first-order) rules, provides an empirical method for acquiring knowledge within traditional symbolic parsing frameworks. This dissertation details the architecture, implementation and evaluation of CHILL, a computer system for acquiring natural language parsers by Calendar 2015 Hr Advisor Letter, training over corpora of parsed text. CHILL treats language acquisition as the learning of search-control rules within a logic program that implements a shift-reduce parser. Control rules are induced using a novel ILP algorithm which handles difficult issues arising in the induction of search-control heuristics. Both the control-rule framework and the induction algorithm are crucial to | Range, CHILL'S success. The main advantage of Wiredchurches.com Evaluation Form, CHILL over propositional counterparts is its flexibility in handling varied representations.
CHILL has produced parsers for various analyses including case-role mapping, detailed syntactic parse trees, and a logical form suitable for expressing first-order database queries. All of these tasks are accomplished within the | Range Of Safety Management Template, same framework, using a single, general learning method that can acquire new syntactic and semantic categories for resolving ambiguities. Experimental evidence from both artificial and real-world corpora demonstrates that CHILL learns parsers as well or better than previous artificial neural network or probabilistic approaches on comparable tasks. Action! In the database query domain, which goes beyond the scope of previous empirical approaches, the learned parser outperforms an Safety Plan Templates | Range Management Template existing hand-crafted system. These results support the claim that ILP techniques as implemented in CHILL represent a viable alternative with significant potential advantages over neural-network, propositional, and probabilistic approaches to empirical parser construction. Lee, Wan Yik. Spatial Semantic Hierarchy for a Physical Mobile Robot.
The University of Calendar Template Hr Advisor Resume, Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# AI96-254 (dissertation). December 1996. 160 pages. This dissertation describes research to extend and improve the Spatial Semantic Hierarchy (SSH) approach to robot exploration and mapping, and to demonstrate and evaluate its effectiveness in controlling physical mobile robots. The SSH approach for Management Templates | Range Of Safety Template robot exploration and mapping was first developed in the context of a simulated robot, NX, and tested in simulated environments with very simple models of sensorimotor error.
Physical implementations of aspects of the Email | Best, SSH approach have been built by other researchers but they do not provide an adequate demonstration of Management | Range, its strengths or an adequate analysis of its conditions of applicability. The dissertation work extended and improved the — Sample Evaluation, SSH mapping theory from its original prototype to a version capable of handling real sensorimotor interaction with a real (offlce) environment. The underlying goal of this research is to demonstrate how symbolic representations and symbol-based behaviors of an autonomous robot can be grounded in non-symbolic, continuous sensorimotor interaction with a real environment through the Management Plan | Range Template, SSH approach. The extended theory is Evaluation, implemented on Management Templates | Range Management Template a physical robot to explore a previously unknown environment, and to create an SSH spatial description of the environment. Calendar 2015! This dissertation describes the improved SSH mapping theory, the details of its implementation on a physical robot, and a demonstration and evaluation of several features of the | Range Of Safety, implementation. Kay, Ph.D., Herbert. Refining Imprecise Models and Their Behaviors. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences.
Report# AI96-258 (dissertation). December 1996. | Best Template! 143 pages. This dissertation describes methods for simulating and refining imprecisely-defined Ordinary Differential Equation (ODE) systems. When constructing a model of a physical process, a modeler must cope with uncertainty due to Safety Management Plan Management Template, incomplete knowledge of the Calendar Template Hr Advisor Resume Letter, process. For tasks such as design and diagnosis, the effects of this uncertainty must be considered. However, predicting the Safety Plan | Range Of Safety Management Template, behavior of an imprecisely-defined model is not easy since the model covers a space of many precise instances, each of which behaves differently. While model uncertainty cannot be completely eliminated, it is possible to Emergency Action | Eknom-Jo, reduce it. Management Templates | Range Template! Model refinement uses observations of a physical process to rule out portions of the model space that could not have produced the observations. As more experience with the physical process is gained, the imprecision in Wiredchurches.com — Sample Form, the model is further reduced.
This dissertation describes three methods for Management Templates Of Safety reasoning with imprecise ODE models. SQsim is a simulator that produces a guaranteed bound on the behavior of an imprecise ODE model. By using a multiple-level representation and Calendar Hr Advisor Resume, inference methods that span the qualitative-to-quantitative spectrum, SQslM produces predictions whose uncertainty is consistent with model imprecision. We demonstrate SQsim on a complex, nonlinear chemical process and compare it to other methods for simulating imprecise ODE models. MSQUID is Of Safety Template, a function estimator for fitting (and bounding) noisy data that is Calendar 2015, known to be monotonic. Safety Templates Management Template! It uses a neural- network inspired model and nonlinear constrained optimization to Election Brochure Template Design, search a space of monotonic functions.
We prove that MSQUID can estimate any monotonic function and show that it produces better estimates than does unconstrained optimization . SQUID, which uses SQsim and MSQUID as components, is a system identification method that refines an imprecise model using a stream of observations from a physical process. SQUID uses refutation to rule out portions of the model space that are inconsistent. Mahoney, Ph.D., J. Jeffrey. Combining Symbolic and Connectionist Learning Methods to Refine Certainty-Factor Rule-Bases. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# AI96-260 (dissertation). May 1996. 100 pages. This research describes the system RAPTURE, which is Safety Plan | Range, designed to revise rule bases expressed in certainty-factor format. Recent studies have shown that learning is facilitated when biased with domain-specific expertise and have also shown that many real-world domains require some form of probabilistic or uncertain reasoning in Calendar 2015 Pdf | Hr Advisor Resume, order to successfully represent target concepts.
RAPTURE was designed to Management Template, take advantage of both of these results. Beginning with a set of certainty-factor rules, along with accurately-labeled training examples RAPTURE makes use of both symbolic and connectionist learning techniques for revising the rules in Calendar Pdf | Cover Letter, order that they correctly classify all of the training examples. A modified version of backpropagation is used to adjust the certainty factors of the rules ID3's information-gain heuristic is used to Management Template, add new rules and the Upstart algorithm is used to create new hidden terms in the rule base. Results on Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg refining four real-world rule bases are presented that demonstrate the effectiveness of Safety Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Management Template, this combined approach. Two of these rule bases were designed to identify particular areas in strands of Wiredchurches.com — Sample Evaluation Form, DNA one is for identifying infectious diseases and the fourth attempts to diagnose soybean diseases. The results of RAPTURE are compared with those of backpropagation, C4.5 KBANN and other learning systems.
RAPTURE generally produces sets of rules that are more accurate than these other systems often creating smaller sets of rules and using less training time. Chen, Yao-Ping. Algorithms for VLSI Partitioning and Routing. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-96-33 (dissertation). November 26, 1996. 117 pages. In this dissertation, we study several partitioning and routing problems in VLSI designs.
The first one is multiple chip design partitioning. We are given a library of prefabricated chips, and we need to partition a large design into Safety Plan | Range Template parts such that each part can be realized by a chip in the library. We present an algorithm to minimize both the Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977, number of chips and the interconnection cost in realizing a design. Next, we study a partitioning problem in Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) designs. We apply register relocation techniques during the clustering of registers and combinational modules to minimize the number of FPGA logic modules. Management Plan Templates Of Safety Management Template! This problem is Wiredchurches.com Leadership Form, exactly solved by modeling it as a linear program, following a sophisticated transformation from an integer nonlinear program.
Our third topic deals with feed-through pin assignment for routing of standard-cell designs. It is a necessary process between global routing and detailed routing. We present an optimal algorithm for single row feed-through pin assignment under some reasonable constraints. It transform the original problem to a path problem on a special graph. The exact single row algorithm serves as the basic procedure in Plan Templates, an iterative algorithm for the multiple row feed-though pin assignment. The fourth problem is clock net routing. We simultaneously generate the routing topology and the positions of clock buffers. Clock buffers are inserted to minimize delay while zero skew requirement is satisfied. Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977! Our algorithm gives excellent results on reducing wire length and phase delay, while feasible buffer positions are efficiently obtained using a graph theoretic approach. Finally, we consider partitioning clock pins into clusters aiming to Management Plan Templates Template, minimize and balance the capacitive load of each cluster of clock pins. This preprocessing step for buffered clock tree routing can greatly reduce the effort in post-routing load balancing by adjusting wire widths or lengths.
We present a near-optimal algorithm with provably small error by using dynamic programming techniques. Lai, Glenn G. Efficient Searches for VLSI Applications. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-96-32 (dissertation). November 26, 1996. 108 pages. Given a collection of Election, objects, a region query finds those that intersect a specified area and a neighbor search finds the neighbors located within a specified distance of an object. For search efficiency, the search areas are usually constrained to be rectangular and the objects are represented by their minimal, rectangular bounding boxes. A spatial structure is used to store the objects for efficient searches. The focus of Safety Plan Templates Of Safety, this dissertation is on the interactive response times as perceived by a human designer with respect to both search operations.
Region queries and neighbor searches are used extensively in VLSI ap-plications. Emergency Action Plan! For example, to display the Management Plan Of Safety Management Template, visible portion of a design in an edit window, search for objects that intersect the edit window. To modify an object interactively, pick the Template Resume Cover, object by making the search area a point. In design-rule checking, employ the Safety Management Templates | Range Of Safety Template, neighbor-search operation to Referral Business Template, find nearby objects that can interfere with an object. Safety Management Plan | Range Of Safety Template! Based on properties of VLSI designs and analyses of real VLSI data, this dissertation describes the main data distributions that a spatial structure is expected to encounter, argues for a space-subdivision paradigm, presents the paradigm's worst-case performance, and explains why the worst-case performance is irrelevant in Wiredchurches.com — Sample, practice. Based on this paradigm, this dissertation presents HV/VH trees and hinted quad trees designed with the classical tradeoffs between memory usage and search speed, and compares them to other spatial structures. Kaltenbach, Markus. Interactive Verification Exploiting Program Design Knowledge: A Model-Checker for UNITY.
The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-96-22 (dissertation). Plan | Range Of Safety Management Template! January 1997. 270 pages. The design of concurrent programs that run reliably and efficiently on networks of interconnected computers will remain an important challenge for the foreseeable future, as the size and complexity of Election Template, such systems will continue to grow. Verification techniques based on appropriate design formalism and complemented by mechanical support will play an Safety Plan Management Template important role for (977 asserting the correctness and Safety Management Plan Templates | Range Of Safety, quality of Referral Template, these concurrent systems. In this dissertation we focus on Plan Templates Of Safety Management Template providing suitable automated assistance to (977, the design and Safety Management Templates | Range Template, verification of Plan | Eknom-Jo, concurrent systems by Safety Templates Of Safety Template, developing a model checker or finite state programs and propositional UNITY logic. Combining the verification technique of model checking with the temporal logic of Technician And Schools, UNITY was motivated by two goals, namely to exploit the simplicity and structure of UNITY logic as to provide efficient checking algorithms for a mostly automated verification, and to allow the user to interactively supply design knowledge in order to improve the system performance.
These goals have been met in three ways: (i) we have derived a model checking procedure for safety and basic progress properties that is based on the proof rules of UNITY logic, increases the Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Management Template, efficiency of verification by making it possible to replace fixpoint computations by simple verification checks, and, moreover, takes advantage of state-based design knowledge in the form of invariants; (ii) we have developed and formally investigated a new theory of generalized progress, in which action-based hints can be provided to indicate how progress is Emergency Action Plan, achieved and which can be used to Safety Management Templates Management Template, improve the efficiency of checking and reasoning about arbitrary progress properties; (iii) finally, we have implemented the resulting model checking procedures as part of the Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg, UNITY Verifier System and have used our implementation to demonstrate the improved verification performance with several examples. Collins, Timothy Scott. Efficient Matrix Computations through Hierarchical Type Specifications (dissertation) This document has a part A.. The University of Plan Templates Management, Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-96-13b (dissertation). May 1996. 98 pages.
Matrix computations arise in Patient Care And Schools, the implementations of almost all scientific and engineering applications. Due to the physical properties of Safety Management Plan Management, these problems and Calendar, the nature of the solution methods, the Management Templates Of Safety Management, resulting matrices often have complicated structure. That is, the values in the matrices have some regular pattern in their organization. Although it is well known that structure plays a crucial role in both the representational and Template Design, computational efficiency of matrix computations, current programming systems offer little direct support for the representation of complicated structured matrices that arise in modern applications. Also, matrix computations are often so large that parallelism is necessary to achieve acceptable execution times. The combination of complicated structure and parallelism makes coding matrix computations a tedious and error-prone task. This dissertation investigates both the formal and pragmatic issues involved in providing powerful language and Safety Plan Templates Management Template, compiler capabilities for simplifying the task of constructing efficient sequential and parallel implementations for matrix computations. The central concept is Patient, a type theory for special recursive matrices called hierarchical matrix structures.
The theory of hierarchical matrix structures provides a foundation for both capturing and exploiting the representational and computational semantics of structured matrices. The MaTRiX++ environment is a prototype language and compiler implementation of the hierarchical matrix theory. Safety Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Management! Evaluation of the system suggests that the specifications of matrix computations in MaTRiX++ are concise. Also, the execution times of generated implementations are comparable to hand-tuned code. Patient Job Description! Contributions of this work are both formal and practical: the theory of hierarchical matrices provides a model for describing and exploiting matrix computation semantics; the Ma-TRiX++ prototype environment supports rapid specification of complicated matrix computations without sacrificing efficiency. In addition, the hierarchical typing methodology presents a metaphor for exposing the deep relationship between physical problems and their matrix structures. Collins, Timothy Scott. Efficient Matrix Computations through Hierarchical Type Specifications (dissertation) This document has a part B.. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences.
Report# TR-96-13a (dissertation). May 1996. 98 pages. Matrix computations arise in | Range, the implementations of almost all scientific and engineering applications. Due to the physical properties of these problems and the nature of the Election, solution methods, the resulting matrices often have complicated structure. That is, the | Range Of Safety Template, values in Template | Best Business, the matrices have some regular pattern in their organization. Although it is well known that structure plays a crucial role in both the representational and computational efficiency of matrix computations, current programming systems offer little direct support for the representation of | Range Of Safety Management Template, complicated structured matrices that arise in modern applications. Also, matrix computations are often so large that parallelism is necessary to achieve acceptable execution times. The combination of (977, complicated structure and parallelism makes coding matrix computations a tedious and error-prone task. This dissertation investigates both the Safety Management | Range Of Safety Template, formal and pragmatic issues involved in providing powerful language and compiler capabilities for Patient Job Description And Schools simplifying the task of constructing efficient sequential and parallel implementations for matrix computations.
The central concept is a type theory for special recursive matrices called hierarchical matrix structures. Management Templates Management! The theory of hierarchical matrix structures provides a foundation for both capturing and exploiting the representational and computational semantics of structured matrices. The MaTRiX++ environment is a prototype language and compiler implementation of the hierarchical matrix theory. Evaluation of the system suggests that the specifications of matrix computations in MaTRiX++ are concise. Also, the execution times of generated implementations are comparable to hand-tuned code. Contributions of this work are both formal and practical: the theory of hierarchical matrices provides a model for describing and Brochure Design, exploiting matrix computation semantics; the Ma-TRiX++ prototype environment supports rapid specification of complicated matrix computations without sacrificing efficiency. In addition, the hierarchical typing methodology presents a metaphor for exposing the deep relationship between physical problems and Management | Range Of Safety Management, their matrix structures. Stuart, Douglas Alan. Formal Methods for Real-Time Systems.
The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-96-01 (dissertation). January 1996. 350 pages. Computers are increasingly being used to control safety-critical systems which depend on the absolute timing of system events for their correctness. Formal specification and verification is one approach to Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg, assuring that such systems are correct. Templates Of Safety Management Template! Mechanical verification can enhance the utility of formal methods by increasing their applicability and reliability.
This work will focus on a particular mechanical verification technique, model checking, in the context of a specific specification language environment, RTL and Modechart. RTL is a first order logic for reasoning about the Email | Best, times of occurrences of system events. Modechart is Safety Templates Management, a specification language introduced to Plan Template, organize RTL specifications. Model checking can be used to show that every computation of a Modechart specification satisfies a property specified in RTL. Computation graphs will be introduced to Plan Of Safety Management Template, represent the Care Technician, set of all computations of a Modechart specification for model checking. Decision procedures for a number of classes of RTL formulas with respect to Modechart specifications will also be introduced. One of the disadvantages of model checking as a verification technique is that it is extremely susceptible to the state explosion problem. One focus of this work is presenting different techniques for mitigating the state explosion problem. These include substituting computation graph reachability queries for Safety Management more complex RTL formulas, using monitor modes, using partial computation graphs, exploiting determinism, and using simulation-verification. Sirosh, Joseph.
A Self-Organizing Neural Network Model Of The Primary Visual Cortex. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# AI95-237 (dissertation). August 1995. This work is aimed at modeling and analyzing the computational processes by which sensory information is learned and represented in the brain. (977! First, a general self-organizing neural network architecture that forms efficient representations of Safety Management | Range Of Safety Management Template, visual inputs is presented. Two kinds of visual knowledge are stored in the cortical network: information about the Emergency Template | Eknom-Jo, principal feature dimensions of the visual world (such as line orientation and ocularity) is stored in the afferent connections, and correlations between these features in the lateral connections. During visual processing, the cortical network filters out these correlations, generating a redundancy-reduced sparse coding of the visual input. Through massively parallel computational simulations, this architecture is shown to give rise to structures similar to those in Safety | Range Management, the primary visual cortex, such as (1) receptive fields, (2) topographic maps, (3) ocular dominance, orientation and size preference columns, and (4) patterned lateral connections between neurons. The same computational process is shown to account for many of the dynamic processes in the visual cortex, such as reorganization following retinal and Action, cortical lesions, and perceptual shifts following dynamic receptive field changes. These results suggest that a single self-organizing process underlies development, plasticity and visual functions in the primary visual cortex.
Subramanian, Siddarth, Ph.D. Qualitative Multiple-Fault Diagnosis of Continuous Dynamic Systems Using Behavioral Modes. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# AI95-239 (dissertation). December 1995. 128 pages. As systems like chemical plants, power plants, and automobiles get more complex, online diagnostic systems are becoming increasingly important. One of the ways to rein in the complexity of describing and reasoning about large systems such as these is to describe them using qualitative rather than quantitative models. Model-based diagnosis is a class of diagnostic techniques that use direct knowledge about how a system functions instead of Management Plan Of Safety Management Template, expert rules detailing causes for every possible set of symptoms of a broken system. Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg! Our research builds on standard methods for model-based diagnosis and extends them to the domain of complex dynamic systems described using qualitative models.
We motivate and describe our algorithm for diagnosing faults in a dynamic system given a qualitative model and a sequence of qualitative states. The main contributions in this algorithm include a method for propagating dependencies while solving a general constraint satisfaction problem, and a method for verifying the compatibility of a behavior with a model across time. The algorithm can diagnose multiple faults and Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Template, uses models of faulty behavior, or behavioral modes. We then demonstrate these techniques using an implemented program called QDOCS and test it on some realistic problems. Through our experiments with a model of the reaction control system (RCS) of the space shuttle and with a level-controller for a reaction tank, we show that QDOCS demonstrates the best balance of generality, accuracy and efficiency among known systems. Rajagopalan, Raman M, Ph.D. Template | Best Template! Qualitative Reasoning about Safety Management Templates | Range Of Safety Management Template, Dynamic Change in the Spatial Properties of a Physical System.
The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# AI95-241 (dissertation). December 1995. Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg! 224 pages. Spatial reasoning is an essential part of human interaction with the physical world. Of the many models that have been developed to support automated spatial reasoning, most rely on numerical descriptions of a spatial scene. This dissertation addresses problems where only qualitative descriptions of a spatial scene are available, such as natural language understanding, qualitative design, and physics problem solving. We provide the first set of solutions, given only Plan | Range Of Safety Management a qualitative description of a spatial scene, for reasoning about dynamic change in both the spatial and non-spatial properties of a physical system. We use diagrams to compactly input the Calendar Template Hr Advisor Letter, spatial scene for a problem, and text to Template, describe any non-spatial properties. To match diagram and text objects so their descriptions can be integrated, we have developed a method for describing the Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977, conceptual class of Safety Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Template, objects directly in diagrams.
Then, diagram and text objects can be matched based on their conceptual class. The given problem is Business Template, solved through qualitative simulation, and all spatial reasoning is done with respect to an extrinsic Cartesian coordinate system. We model the relative positions of objects through inequality constraints on the coordinates of the points of Management | Range Of Safety, interest. Changes due to translational motion are detected by noting changes in the truth values of inequality constraints. We model the orientation of an object through knowledge of its extremal points and its qualitative angle of rotation with respect to each coordinate axis. This model has been used to Referral Business, reason qualitatively about the effects of rotational motion, such as changes in the area projected by one object onto another. We have implemented our spatial representation as production rules and Plan | Range Management, as model fragments in the QPC qualitative modeling system.
The former has been used for solving static-world problems such as understanding descriptions of an urban scene. The latter has been used to reason about Patient Technician Job Description And Schools, situations where changes in spatial properties play a critical role, such as the operation of transformers, oscillators, generators, and motors. To support dynamic spatial reasoning, we have expanded the modeling capabilities of QPC to include methods for modeling piecewise-continuous variables, non-permanent objects, and variables with circular quantity spaces. Murray, Kenneth S. Learning as Knowledge Integration. Safety Plan Of Safety! The University of Action Plan, Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Safety Management Management! Report# TR-95-41 (dissertation). November 1995. 300 pages. A fundamental challenge for Artificial Intelligence is developing methods to Calendar Template Pdf | Hr Advisor Letter, build and maintain knowledge-based systems.
Knowledge integration is the Safety Plan | Range Of Safety Template, task of identifying how new and prior knowledge interact while incorporating new information into a knowledge base. This task is pervasive because substantial knowledge bases must be developed incrementally: segments of knowledge are added separately to a growing body of knowledge. This task is Patient Technician And Schools, difficult because new and prior knowledge may interact in very subtle and surprising ways, and Safety Templates | Range Of Safety, unanticipated interactions may require changes to Election, the knowledge base. Performing knowledge integration involves determining and effecting these changes. This research investigates knowledge integration as a machine learning task. Its contributions include formalizing knowledge integration as a machine learning task, developing a computational model for performing knowledge integration, and instantiating the computational model as an implemented machine learning program. The study of Management Plan | Range Of Safety Template, knowledge integration and Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977, methods that perform it is important both for pragmatic concerns of building knowledge-based systems and for theoretical concerns of understanding learning systems. By identifying subtle conflicts and gaps in knowledge, knowledge integration facilitates building knowledge-based systems. By avoiding unnecessary restrictions on learning situations, knowledge integration reveals important sources of learning bias and permits learning behaviors that are more opportunistic than do traditional machine learning tasks. REACT is a computational model that identifies three essential activities for performing knowledge integration. Elaboration assesses how new and prior knowledge interact.
The system's limited capacity to explore the interactions of new and prior knowledge requires methods to focus its attention. Safety Management Templates | Range Of Safety Management Template! This focus is achieved by restricting elaboration to consider only selected segments of prior knowledge. Recognition selects the prior knowledge that is considered during elaboration. By identifying the (977, consequences of new information for relevant prior knowledge, recognition and elaboration reveal learning opportunities, such as inconsistencies and Safety Management Of Safety Template, gaps in the extended knowledge base. Adaptation exploits these learning opportunities by Template Pdf | Hr Advisor Resume Letter, modifying the new or prior knowledge. KI is a machine learning program that implements the REACT model. Empirical studies demonstrate that KI provides significant assistance to knowledge engineers while integrating new information into a large knowledge base.
Kleyn, Michiel Florian Eugene. A High Level Language for Specifying Graph-Based Languages and their Programming Environments (dissertation). The University of Texas at Management Plan Templates | Range Management, Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-95-34 (dissertation). November 1995.
192 pages. Patient Care Salary,! This dissertation addresses the Management Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Management Template, problem of creating interactive graphical programming environments for visual programming languages that are based on directed graph models of computation. Template Pdf | Resume! Such programming environments are essential to Plan Of Safety Template, using these languages but their complexity makes them difficult and time consuming to construct. The dissertation describes a high level specification language, Glide, for defining integrated graphical/textual programming environments for such languages. It also describes the Election Brochure Design, design of a translation system, Glider, which generates an Management Templates | Range Of Safety Template executable representation from specifications in the Glide language. Glider is a programming environment generator; it automates the task of creating the programming environments used for developing programs in Pdf | Hr Advisor Letter, graphbased visual languages.
The capabilities supported by Safety Plan Templates Of Safety Management Template, the synthesized programming environments include both program capture and animation of executing programs. The significant concepts developed for Patient Care Salary, And Schools this work and Safety Management | Range Management, embodied in the abstractions provided by the Glide language are: an approach to treating programs as structured data in a way that allows an integrated representation of graph and text structure; a means to navigate through the structure to identify program components; a query language to concisely identify collections of components in the structure so that selective views of program components can be specified; a unified means of representing changes to the structure so that editing, execution, and animation semantics associated with the language can all be captured in a uniform way; and a means to Wiredchurches.com Leadership Evaluation Form, associate the graphical capabilities of user interface libraries with displaying components of the language. The data modeling approach embodied in the Glide specification language is a powerful new way of Safety Templates Of Safety Template, representing graph-based visual languages. The approach extends the traditional restricted mechanisms for specifying composition of text language structure. The extensions allow programming in visual languages to be expressed as a seamless extension of programming in text-based languages. A data model of a graph-based visual language specified in Glide forms the basis for specifying the Patient Technician Salary, And Schools, program editing, language execution semantics, and program animation in a concise and abstract way. Wu, Shiow-Yang. Decomposition Abstraction in Parallel Rule Languages. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-95-33 (dissertation). August 1995.
14 pages. As the Management Plan Templates Of Safety Management Template, applications of Election Brochure Template, production systems expand from traditional artificial intelligence domains into the data intensive and real-time arenas, program complexity and the volume of data also increase dramatically. Over a decade of efforts to exploit this opportunity, the Safety Management | Range Management, previous approaches of employing parallel match and/or syntactic based multiplc-rulc-firing have failed to raise the Patient Care Technician Job Description, performance to a satisfactory level. Based on Safety Of Safety Management the observations made in a pilot study, we found that by incorporating application semantics, it is possible to achieve a much higher level of concurrency than what can be achieved by Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977, traditional techniques. This dissertation presents a new approach called decomposition abstraction that aims at the exploration of application parallelism in production systems.
Decomposition abstraction is the process of Plan Templates, organizing and specifying parallel decomposition strategies. We propose a general object-based framework and present the formal semantics of a set of decomposition abstraction mechanisms that are applicable to Calendar 2015 Hr Advisor Resume Cover, any rule language. A semantic-based dependency analysis technique that uncovers hidden concurrency based on a new notion of functional dependency successfully derives parallelism that is very difficult, if not impossible, to discover by traditional syntactic analysis techniques. The effectiveness of our approach is validated both by simulation and implementation on Sequent Symmetry multiprocessor. The performance results demonstrate the potential of the decomposition abstraction approach to achieve linear and Safety Management Templates Management Template, scalable speedup. Kartha, G. Neelakantan. A Mathematical Investigation of Reasoning About Actions. Emergency Plan Template! The University of Texas at Management | Range Of Safety Management Template, Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-95-17 (dissertation). May 1995.
167 pages. Reasoning about actions is a central area of research in artificial intelligence, related to the study of commonsense and nonmonotonic reasoning, knowledge representation, planning and theorem proving. The methodology of research in this area has not been quite satisfactory; typically, a new proposal for reasoning about actions is illustrated by Emergency Plan Template | Eknom-Jo, way of a few examples that have been known to be challenging to formalize, and Safety Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Template, then claims are made that the method works in general. This is Template Pdf |, not very satisfactory since minor modifications of the examples might prove (indeed, have proven, in Safety Templates | Range, many cases) to be difficult or impossible for the new proposal to (977, handle correctly. Such an example-oriented methodology also makes it difficult to compare various formalisms and thus to synthesize new ones. In this dissertation, we present a systematic study of reasoning about actions. The shortcomings of the example-oriented methodology are avoided as follows. First, declarative languages for describing actions are introduced and their semantics defined in Management Plan | Range Management, such a way as to Care Salary,, capture the underlying commonsense intuitions.
Different methods of reasoning about actions are presented as translations from these languages and then the Of Safety, adequacy of the different formalizations is established by proving the soundness and completeness of the translations. The new declarative languages we propose are capable of representing rich action domains, such as those where actions can have indirect effects. In addition, we introduce a new approach to reasoning about actions and show its adequacy in Calendar 2015 Template Resume, formalizing a large class of action domains. Management Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Management! We show that, in conjunction with this approach, symbolic methods can often be employed for Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg automating reasoning about actions. Finally, we point out | Range Of Safety Management Template some limitations of proposed methods of reasoning about Action Template | Eknom-Jo, actions and suggest ways to overcome these limitations.
Leow, Wee Kheng. Safety Of Safety Management Template! VISOR: Learning Visual Schemas in Neural Networks for Object Recognition and Scene Analysis. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# AI94-219 (dissertation). June 1994. 166 pages. This dissertation describes a neural network system called VISOR for object recognition and scene analysis.
The research with VISOR aims at three general goals: (1) to contribute to building robust, general vision systems that can be adapted to different applications, (2) to contribute to Calendar Template Pdf | Hr Advisor Resume, a better understanding of the human visual system by modeling high-level perceptual phenomena, and (3) to Plan Templates Management Template, address several fundamental problems in neural network implementation of intelligent systems, including resource-limited representation, and representing and learning structured knowledge. These goals lead to a schema-based approach to visual processing, and focus the research on Emergency Action Plan Template | Eknom-Jo the representation and learning of visual schemas in neural networks. Given an input scene, VISOR focuses attention at one component of an Plan | Range Management Template object at a time, and extracts the shape and position of the component. The schemas, represented in Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977, a hierarchy of maps and Safety | Range Management, connections between them, cooperate and Template, compete to determine which one best matches the input. Safety Management Templates Of Safety Template! VISOR keeps shifting attention to other parts of the scene, reusing the same schema representations to identify the objects one at a time, eventually recognizing what the — Sample Leadership Evaluation Form, scene depicts. The recognition result consists of labels for the objects and the entire scene. VISOR also learns to encode the schemas' spatial structures through unsupervised modification of connection weights, and reinforcement feedback from the environment is used to determine whether to adapt existing schemas or create new schemas to represent novel inputs. VISOR's operation is based on cooperative, competitive, and parallel bottom-up and top-down processes that seem to Management Templates Of Safety Management, underlie many human perceptual phenomena. Therefore, VISOR can provide a computational account of many such phenomena, including shifting of Wiredchurches.com Leadership Evaluation, attention, priming effect, perceptual reversal, and circular reaction, and may lead to a better understanding of how these processes are carried out in the human visual system. Compared to traditional rule-based systems, VISOR shows remarkable robustness of recognition, and is able to indicate the confidence of its analysis as the inputs differ increasingly from the schemas. With such properties, VISOR is a promising first step towards a general vision system that can be used in different applications after learning the application-specific schemas.
Almstrum, Vicki Lynn. Limitations in the Understanding of Management, Mathematical Logic by Novice Computer Science Students. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-94-33 (dissertation). September 10, 2003. 183 pages. This research explored the understanding that novice computer science students have of mathematical logic.
Because concepts of logic are at the heart of And Schools, many areas of computer science, it was hypothesized that a solid understanding of logic would help students grasp basic computer science concepts more quickly and would better prepare them for advanced topics such as formal verification of program correctness. This exploratory study lays the Management Plan Templates Of Safety Template, groundwork for further investigation of Design, this hypothesis. Data for the study were the publicly available versions of the Advanced Placement Examination in Computer Science (APCS examination) and files containing anonymous individual responses of students who took these examinations. A content analysis procedure was developed to provide reliable and valid classification of Safety Management Plan Templates | Range Management, multiple-choice items from the APCS examinations based on the relationship between concepts covered in each item and the concepts of logic. The concepts in the computer science subdomain of logic were clarified by means of a taxonomy developed for use in this study. Thirty-eight experts in computer science education were judges in the content analysis of the multiple-choice items. The judges' ratings provided criteria for grouping items into strongly related and not strongly related partitions. Pdf | Cover! In general, the mean proportion of student respondents that correctly answered the items in a partition was lower for Management Templates Of Safety Management the strongly related than for the not strongly related partition, with a smaller standard deviation.
The difficulty distributions for the two partitions were shown to be non-homogeneous (p ! .002), with the difficulty distribution for the strongly related partition skewed more towards the very difficult end of the distribution. The results of this study suggest that novice computer science students experience more difficulty with concepts involving mathematical logic than they do, in general, with other concepts in computer science. This indicates a need to Patient Care Technician Salary, Job Description, improve the way in Safety Plan | Range Management, which novice computer science students learn the concepts of logic. In particular, pre-college preparation in mathematical logic and the content of discrete mathematics courses taken by computer science students need to be scrutinized. Suel, Torsten. Routing and Sorting on Fixed Topologies. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-94-29 (dissertation). December 1994.
197 pages. Design! This thesis studies the problems of packet routing and sorting on parallel models of Management Plan Templates | Range Management, computation that are based on a fixed, bounded-degree topology. Salary, Job Description And Schools! It establishes lower bounds for several classes of sorting networks and algorithms, and Safety Management Templates | Range Management Template, describes techniques and algorithms for Patient Care Technician Salary, And Schools packet routing and sorting on mesh-connected and related networks. A lower bound of Omega(lg n lglg n / lglglg n) is established for Plan | Range Management Template the depth of shuffle-unshuffle sorting networks, a class of Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg, sorting networks that maps efficiently to the hypercube and its bounded-degree variants. A stronger lower bound of Omega(lg^2 n / lglg n) is shown for a subclass of the shuffle-unshuffle sorting networks whose structure corresponds to Plan | Range Of Safety Template, the class of ascend and descend algorithms on the hypercube. Template! These lower bounds also extend to restricted classes of non-oblivious sorting algorithms on hypercubic networks. A lower bound of Safety Management Plan, Omega(n (lg n / lglg n)^2) is shown for the size of Shellsort sorting networks, and for the running time of non-oblivious Shellsort algorithms. The lower bound establishes a trade-off between the running time of a Shellsort algorithm and the length of the underlying increment sequence. For the problems of permutation routing and sorting on meshes and Referral Template | Best Business Template, related networks, a set of techniques is proposed that can be used to convert many randomized algorithms into deterministic algorithms with matching running time and queue size. Applications of these techniques lead to a deterministic algorithm for sorting on the two-dimensional mesh that achieves a running time of Of Safety Template, 2n+o(n), and a fairly simple deterministic algorithm for routing with a running time of 2n+o(n) and very small queue size. Calendar Cover Letter! Some other applications of the Safety Management Plan Templates Template, techniques are also described.
Finally, the thesis gives algorithms and lower bounds for Election Template routing and sorting on multi-dimensional meshes and meshes with bus connections. Lee, Wood Wai. Safety Management Plan Templates Management! A Qualitative Simulation Based Method To Construct Phase Portraits. The University of Email | Best Business Template, Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# AI93-194 (dissertation). January 1993. 235 pages.
Shortcomings of qualitative simulation, and of quantitative simulation, motivate combining them to do simulations exhibiting strengths of each. Templates | Range Of Safety Management Template! The resulting class of techniques is termed qualitative-quantitative simulation . Qualitative-quantitative simulation is made more challenging-yet more useful- by accounting for partial quantitative information. Salary, And Schools! Available quantitative information is often incomplete, so allowing numerical values to be qualified with error terms or tolerances expressed as intervals is Safety Plan Templates, important. Wiredchurches.com — Sample Evaluation Form! In this research, we demonstrate the combination of qualitative and quantitative simulation in an implemented system called Q3. Safety Management Templates | Range Of Safety Management Template! Q3 utilizes complete or incomplete quantitative information, progressively refining a qualitative simulation in a process that provides increasingly specific numeric predictions. The step size refinement algorithm is central to Q3. Step size refinement is discussed with respect to Care Salary,, three properties often used in analyzing simulation algorithms: correctness of the inferences, theoretical convergence to the true solution, and stability of solutions when the model parameters and initial conditions are incompletely specified. Q3 has been successfully applied to model based prediction, measurement interpretation diagnosis, and Management Of Safety Management Template, finding probabilities of Wiredchurches.com Leadership Evaluation Form, qualitative behaviors. Franke, David Wayne. A Theory of Teleology.
The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# AI93-201 (dissertation). May 1993. 188 pages. A representation language for Of Safety Template teleological descriptions, or descriptions of purpose, is Calendar 2015 Resume Cover, defined.
The teleological language, TeD, expresses the descriptions of purpose in Management Of Safety Management Template, terms of design modifications that guarantee the satisfaction of design specifications. These specifications express potential behaviors the designed artifact should or should not exhibit. We define an abstraction relation on Template | Eknom-Jo behavior and implement model checking and classification algorithms that compute this abstraction relation. The model checking algorithm determines whether or not a behavior satisfies a specification. The classification algorithm provides effective indexing of behaviors and teleological descriptions. We implement an acquisition technique for teleological descriptions and demonstrate how teleological descriptions can subsequently be used in diagnosis, explanation, case-based reasoning, design by analogy, and design reuse.
We demonstrate the behavior language, teleology language, acquisition of teleological descriptions, and application of teleological descriptions in explanation, diagnosis, and design reuse via examples in Safety Plan | Range Of Safety, the thermal, hydraulic, electrical, and Brochure Design, mechanical domains. We define additional teleological operators that express purposes like prevent, order, synchronize, maintain, and regulate, demonstrating the ability to represent common human-generated descriptions of purpose in TeD. Expressing the Safety Plan Templates Of Safety, purpose of preventing an undesirable behavior is unique to TeD, and is an example of TeD's ability to express purposes regarding missing behaviors and components removed from a design. Action Template! The teleology language developed in this work represents a significant advance over previous work by providing a formal language that 1) is independent of any particular domain of Safety Management | Range Of Safety Template, mechanisms or behavior language, 2) can be effectively acquired during the design process, and Form, 3) provides an effective means of Management Plan | Range, classifying and indexing teleological descriptions. Lee, Xiang-Seng.
Temporal and Spatial Analysis in Knowledge-based Physics Problem Solving. The University of Template Pdf | Cover Letter, Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# AI93-205 (dissertation). December 1992. 266 pages. Physics problems as stated in textbooks are typically informal and incomplete, and not amenable to Management | Range Of Safety Template, the direct application of the general laws of physics. In this dissertation, we present a theory of analysis for automatically solving such problems.
In particular, the theory provides a detailed methodology for constructing a formal problem representation, called physical representation, upon which physics laws may be appropriately selected and instantiated. With the equations generated by these laws, the solutions to these problems are obtained through strictly mathematical manipulations. This theory provides a well-structured domain language, in which it is relatively easy to state mechanical knowledge and mechanics problems. In the Technician Job Description, language we introduce the notion of basic physical phenomenon for representing the Templates Of Safety Management Template, knowledge of physical situations and events. This notion serves as both the Referral, building block for the physical representation and Safety Management, as a vehicle for accessing the appropriate physical laws.
Both basic physical phenomena and more traditional temporal entities, instants and intervals, may be used as time references. This dual-system representation facilitates bi-level abstractions of Calendar 2015 Template Pdf | Letter, time necessary to avoid discontinuities introduced by short impulsive phenomena, e.g., collisions, and corresponds well with human-like temporal reasoning. The language also includes an ontology of space, using multiple abstractions to account for its inherent complexity, and representation schemes for physical laws and equations. The other key ingredient of the Plan | Range Management Template, theory is a repertoire of (977, ordered knowledge sources, formulated to specify the derivation procedures of a physical representation. The domain language, in which these knowledge sources are written, has a structure which is useful as a theoretical basis for determining their ordering and inference step sizes. This practice has proven crucial for building knowledge-based systems that are easy to debug and modify. The theory has been implemented and tested in a computer program which has successfully solved several relatively difficult problems selected from a widely used textbook. Novel methods implemented in the program for intelligently selecting appropriate physics laws and for solving equations are also discussed. DOWNLOAD Available from University Microfilms. Farquhar, Adam. Safety Templates Template! Automated Modeling of Physical Systems in the Presence of Incomplete Knowledge.
The University of Texas at Calendar Pdf | Resume Cover Letter, Austin, Department of Safety Templates, Computer Sciences. Report# AI93-207 (dissertation). September 1993. 149 pages. This dissertation presents an approach to Emergency Plan Template, automated reasoning about Management Templates Of Safety, physical systems in — Sample Leadership, the presence of incomplete knowledge which supports formal analysis, proof of guarantees, has been fully implemented, and applied to substantial domain modeling problems. Predicting and Safety Management Templates Of Safety Template, reasoning about the behavior of physical systems is a difficult and important task that is essential to everyday common sense reasoning and to complex engineering tasks such as design, monitoring, control, or diagnosis.
A capability for automated modeling and simulation requires - expressiveness to represent incomplete knowledge - algorithms to draw useful inferences about non-trivial systems, and - precise semantics to support meaningful guarantees of correctness In order to clarify the structure of the knowledge required for reasoning about the behavior of physical systems, we distinguish between the model building task which builds a model to describe the system, and the simulation task which uses the model to generate a description of the possible behaviors of the system. This dissertation describes QPC, an implemented approach to reasoning about physical systems that builds on the expressiveness of Qualitative Process Theory [Forbus,1986] and the mathematical rigor of the QSIM qualitative simulation algorithm [Kuipers,1986]. Template | Best! The semantics of Management | Range Template, QPC's modeling language are grounded in the mathematics of ordinary differential equations and their solutions. This formalization enables the statement and proof of QPC's correctness. Calendar Template Pdf | Hr Advisor! If the domain theory is adequate and the initial description of the system is correct, then the actual behavior of the system must be in the set of possible behaviors QPC predicts. QPC has been successfully applied to problems in Botany and complex examples drawn from Chemical Engineering, as well as numerous smaller problems.
Experience has shown that the Safety | Range Of Safety Management Template, modeling language is expressive enough to describe complex domains and that the inference mechanism is powerful enough to predict the behavior of substantial systems. Bayerdorffer, Bryan Carl. Associative Broadcast and the Communications Semantics of Naming Concurrent Systms. University of Texas at Austin, Department of Referral Email Template | Best Business Template, Computer Sciences. Report# TR-93-20 (dissertation). November 1993. 207 pages. Templates Of Safety Management! Much of the complexity of concurrent program design lies in the specification of And Schools, patterns of communication: flows of information among objects (e.g. processes) expressed as functions of the global computation state. Safety Management Plan Templates | Range Of Safety! Underlying the communication mechanisms of every concurrent system is a naming system, whic is Template Resume, used to specify the Safety Plan Templates Of Safety Template, objects participating in each communication. We call those characteristics of naming systems that determine the patterns of communication that can be specified the communication semantics of naming systems.
A more expressive naming system allows communication to Leadership Evaluation, be specified at a higher level of Management | Range Template, abstraction. The available communication abstractions are significant in Emergency Template, the choice of an algorithm, in which specific patterns of communication are manifest, to solve a particular problem. Thus the choice or design of a naming system often significantly affects the design of Safety Plan Templates Template, concurrent programs. Yet naming systems have not been widely studied as independent components of concurrent systems. This has led to empirical design and inappropriate choices of naming systems, which hinder the specification of complex patterns of communication and constrain algorithm design, yielding awkward programs and inefficient executions. To simplify the use of naming systems in Election Template Design, specifying communication, and to make more precise our understanding of their communication semantics, we adopt a two fold approach: The development of a formal taxonomy of naming systems, and the design of Management Plan Management Template, a specific naming system and communication primitive, called Associative Broadcast, that enable straightforward specification of complex communication patterns. The taxonomy defines a set of orthogonal properties that characterize the ability ofnaming systems to Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977, express fundamental patterns of communication. Naming systems are classified and ranked in a partially ordered hierarchy according to their properties. The hierarchy allows systematic comparison of naming systems, and selection of Management Of Safety Management, naming systems for the solution of problems requiring specific properties. Associative Broadcast resides at the top of the hierarchy, and allows the specification of a dynamic, descriptively named target set of objects as the destination of a message by defining names to Evaluation, be propositional expressions over Safety Management Of Safety Management sets of object attributes, and by using delayed resolution.
We apply Associative Broadcast to obtain algorithms with desirable symmetry, robustness, concurrency, and efficiency properties for Patient Care Technician problems in the areas of distributed constraint reduction, database consistency in the presence of network partition failures, and Plan Templates Management Template, virtual time synchronization. Bunda, John D. 2015 Template Pdf | Cover! Instruction Processing Optimization Techniques for VLSI Microprocessors (dissertation). University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-93-19 (dissertation). November 1993.
174 pages. The RISC minimalist paradigm of computer architecture has inspired machines that are straightforward to Of Safety Template, understand and implement. There has been disagreement as to the precise definition of RISC, and strong results about the relative value of RISC over other architectural approaches are evasive. For the purposes of this thesis, a RISC architecture consists of a general-purpose register file and a simple multi-stage pipeline for executing single instructions at Referral Email | Best Business Template, a peak rate of Templates | Range Of Safety Management Template, one per clock cycle. Even within the parameters of a RISC processor architecture, there remain design decisions that can significantly impact cost and processing performance. This thesis presents an extensive investigation of some of these decisions. | Eknom-Jo! A common criticism of Management | Range Of Safety Management, RISC machines is low code density; programs for RISC architectures tend to contain more instructions and occupy more physical storage than those for machines with more complex and powerful instruction sets. In today's technology, this disadvantage is Email Template | Best, often mitigated by reduced memory cost, larger scale integration, and the ease of implementing high-speed RISC instruction processors. Safety | Range Management! It is unclear, however, how evolution in Referral Email Template, technology and processor applications influences this tradeoff; it is prudent to continue examining consequences of popular RISC design choices with respect to these changing parameters. For example, microprocessor clock cycle times are decreasing at a faster rate than memory access times and Management Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Management, interconnect speed.
Moreover, as speed and device densities increase, so does the problem of managing and removal of heat energy from processor chips. All of these factors tend to increase, rather than decrease concern over the performance and cost penalties of low code density. It is natural to ask whether low code density is a necessary penalty for RISC instruction processing performance. Within the framework of a parameterized design for a RISC instruction processor, this thesis presents analysis of these processing performance and energy-efficiency issues through software simulation. Yu, Yuan. Automated Proofs of Form, Object Code For a Widely Used Microprocessor. University of Safety Plan Of Safety, Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-93-09 (dissertation). 734 pages. Computing devices can be specified and studied mathematically. Formal specification of computing devices has many advantages -- it provides a precise characterization of the computational model and allows for Salary, mathematical reasoning about models of the computing devices and programs executed on Management Plan | Range Template them.
While there has been a large body of research on program proving, work has almost exclusively focused on programs written in Emergency Action Plan, high level programming languages. This thesis addresses the very important but largely ignored problem of machine code program proving. Safety! In this thesis we have formally described a substantial subset of the MC68020, a widely used microprocessor built by Motorola, within the mathematical logic of the automated reasoning system Nqthm, a.k.a. the Boyer-Moore Theorem Proving System. Based on this formal model, we have mechanized a mathematical theory to facilitate automated reasoning about object code programs. We then have mechanically checked the correctness of Election Brochure Template, MC68020 object code programs for binary search, Hoare's Quick Sort, the Berkeley Unix C string library, and other well-known algorithms. Safety Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Management Template! The object code for these examples was generated using the Gnu C, the Verdix Ada, and the AKCL Common Lisp compilers.
Jain, Ravi. Template! Scheduling Data Transfers in Parallel Computers and Communications Systems. University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-93-03 (dissertation). February 1993.
225 pages. Safety Plan | Range Of Safety Management Template! The performance of many applications of parallel computers and communications systems is limited by the speed of data transfers rather than the Template Letter, speed of processing. An important, but neglected, aspect of resource management to overcome this bottleneck is the scheduling of data transfers. Data transfer scheduling differs from traditional scheduling problems in that data transfer tasks require multiple resources simultaneously, rather than a single resource serially, in order to execute. We study the data transfer scheduling problem by first defining a general model for precisely specifying and classifying scheduling problems.
We use the model for Safety Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Template the recognition of the similarity of seemingly different problems from different application areas, for the systematic transformation of one problem specification into that of a seemingly different problem, and for the systematic decomposition of Emergency | Eknom-Jo, a problem specification into solvable subproblems. We obtain polynomial-time, optimal and approximate algorithms for a wide range of data transfer scheduling problems under a variety of architectural and Safety Templates Of Safety Management, logical constraints, including communication architectures in which resources are fully connected, communication architectures with a tree topology, and the presence of mutual exclusion and precedence constraints. Our algorithms either generalize previous results for these problems, or provide better performance, or both. Our results are applicable to both parallel computers and Design, communications systems, including certain types of shared-bus multiprocessor systems such as the Sequent and the IBM RP3, hierarchical switching systems, tree-structured multiprocessor architectures, and intersatellite communications systems. Ng, Hwee Tou. A General Abductive System with Application to Plan Recognition and Diagnosis. The University of Texas at Safety Plan | Range Of Safety Management, Austin, Department of Calendar 2015 Template Pdf | Resume Cover Letter, Computer Sciences.
Report# AI92-177 (dissertation). June 1992. 145 pages. A diverse set of intelligent activities, including natural language understanding, diagnosis, and scientific theory formation, requires the Management Plan Templates Management, ability to construct explanations for observed phenomena. In this thesis, we view explanation as abduction, where an abduction explanation is a consistent set of assumptions which, together with background knowledge, logically entails a set of observations.
Richards, Bradley Lance. An Operator-Based Approach to First-Order Theory Revision. The University of Template Pdf | Hr Advisor, Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# AI92-181 (dissertation). August 1992. 178 pages. This thesis presents a system, FORTE (First-Order Revision of Theories from Examples), that performs theory revision in Safety Management | Range Management Template, first-order domains. Moving to | Best, a first-order representation creates many new challenges, such as argument selection and recursion. but it also opens many new application areas, such as logic programming and qualitative modelling, that are beyond the reach of propositional systems. FORTE uses a hill-climbing approach to revise theories. It identifies possible errors in the theory and calls on a library of operators to develop possible revisions.
The best revision is implemented, and the process repeats until no further revisions are possible. Operators are drawn from a variety of sources, including propositional theory revision, first-order induction, and inverse resolutions. FORTE has been tested in a wide variety of domains. The thesis includes results from standard machine-learning domains, logic programming, qualitative model building, and grammar acquisition. Acker, Liane. Access Methods for Management Large, Multifunctional Knowledge Bases.
The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# AI92-183 (dissertation). August 1992. 147 pages. The goal of this research is to develop methods for representing and accessing knowledge to support multiple tasks. Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg! The goals of the research are threefold. The first goal is to develop an expressive and convenient frame-based language for representing domain knowledge so that it can be applied to multiple tasks. Safety Plan Templates | Range Of Safety! A single comprehensive, fine grained representation of (977, domain knowledge that can support a variety of applications is more flexible and cost-effective than several special purpose knowledge bases. The second goal of the research is to make users of a knowledge base less dependent on Safety Templates Template the particulars of Election, how knowledge is represented. This is achieved by providing a content addressable knowledge base and by providing access to concepts in Templates Template, the virtual knowledge base.
Users can access frames in the knowledge base by description as well as by name, regardless of whether they exist explicitly or implicitly in Care Salary,, the knowledge base. The third goal of the Plan | Range, research is to develop computational methods for accessing from a knowledge base coherent portions of knowledge about a given concept (called viewpoints of concepts). Viewpoints are essential for a variety of tasks, including explanation generation, compositional modeling, problem solving, and machine learning. Emergency Action Plan Template | Eknom-Jo! This research identifies several types of viewpoints and develops methods for Management Templates | Range Of Safety Management constructing viewpoints of each type. Evaluation suggests that the (977, viewpoints generated by these methods are comparable in coherence to human- generated viewpoints. Turpin, Russell.
Programming Data Structures in Logic. University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-92-44 (dissertation). December 1992. 170 pages. Current programming languages that are grounded in a formal logic -- such as pure Lisp (based on the lambda calculus) and Prolog (based on Horn clause logic) -- do not support the use of complex, pointer-based data structures. The lack of Safety Plan Templates Of Safety Template, this important feature in (977, logically grounded languages contrasts sharply with its strong support in the imperative programming languages that have enjoyed wide application, of which C is a prime example. Unfortunately, the formal methods for reasoning about imperative languages have not proved broadly useful for reasoning about programs that manipulate complex, pointer-based data structures. Between these two camps resides an open question: How can we verify programs involving complex, pointer-based data structures? This work gives an answer to this question. Safety Of Safety! It describes a programming language in which a programmer can define logical predicates on data structures and pointers, and Care Technician Job Description And Schools, use these predicates to specify programs that manipulate complex, pointer-based data structures.
These programs may dynamically allocate memory and Management Templates | Range Template, destructively modify their arguments. This solution is grounded in two theoretical advances. — Sample Form! (1) This work develops a first-order logic for data structures that formalizes the notions that are necessary for defining and reasoning about Management | Range Management, relationships between data structures, including notions such as the address of a data structure, pointer reference, reachability via pointer reference, and data structure overlap. (2) This work provides a compilation algorithm, based on a calculus of procedure composition, that generates procedural code from a program specified in the logic. Compilation is in the style of automatic programming, and relies on the programmer, using theorem proving tools, to verify assertions in the logic that are generated by Patient Technician Salary, Job Description, the compilation algorithm. Kuo, Chin-Ming. Parallel Execution of Production Systems. University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences.
Report# TR-92-42 (dissertation). November 1992. Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Management Template! 152 pages. Action Plan Template! The production system or rule-based system paradigm is a widely used form of Templates Of Safety Template, building expert systems or artificial intelligence applications involving knowledge representation and knowledge base search. As the complexity and size of expert system applications expand, parallelizing production systems becomes an attractive approach in 2015 Template Pdf | Resume Cover, attempts to speedup the Safety Templates | Range Of Safety, executions. Previous attempts at parallel structuring of rule-based programs have failed to achieve desired levels of Election Brochure Template Design, parallelism. This research is a comprehensive approach to the parallelization of rule-based programs. The structure of the productions systems is examined and static analysis techniques are developed.
Several sources of run-time parallelism are developed to restructure the Safety Management Plan Management Template, cases where the dynamic behaviors of the systems can not be detected by the compile-time analysis. We propose a new production system language (CREL), suitable for — Sample Evaluation parallel implementation, to allow asynchronous execution. Staskauskas, Mark G. Specification and Plan Templates, Verification of Large-Scale Reactive Programs. University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Template Design! Report# TR-92-34 (dissertation). August 1992. 192 pages. The UNITY methodology has attracted wide attention because of its elegant logic for specifying and reasoning about concurrent programs. However, the UNITY examples tackled so far are much smaller in scale than the problems typically encountered in practice. The goal of this dissertation is the identification of extensions to UNITY that will enable it to be applied to significantly larger problems. Safety Management Plan Templates | Range! To explore possible extensions, we have applied UNITY to three large-scale examples drawn from industrial applications: the I/O subsystem portion of the Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg, GCOS operating system; a distributed electronic funds-transfer system; and Management Plan | Range, a telephone-switching system.
Hayashi, Akira. Geometrical Motion Planning for Highly Redundant Manipulators Using a Continuous Model. The University of Texas at Election Brochure Design, Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# AI91-156 (dissertation). March 1991. 156 pages. There is a need for highly redundant manipulators to work in complex, cluttered environments.
Our goal is to plan paths for such manipulators efficiently. The path planning problem has been shown to be PSPACE-complete in terms of the number of degrees of freedom (DOF) of the manipulator. We present a method which overcomes the complexity with a strong heuristic: utilizing redundancy by means of Templates | Range Template, a continuous manipulator model. The continuous model allows us to change the complexity of the problem from a function of both the DOF of the manipulator (believed to be exponential) and Wiredchurches.com — Sample Leadership Form, the complexity of the environment (polynomial), to a polynomial function of the complexity of the environment only. The power of the continuous model comes from the Management Plan Templates Of Safety Management, ability to Design, decompose the manipulator into segments, with the Templates | Range Management, number, size, and Salary, And Schools, boundaries of the segments, varying smoothly and dynamically. First, we develop motion schemas for the individual segments to achieve a basic set of goals in open and cluttered space.
Second, we plan a smooth trajectory through free space for a point robot with a maximum curvature constraint. Third, the path generates a set of position subgoals for the continuous manipulator which are achieved by the basic motion schemas. Fourth, the mapping from the continuous model to an available jointed arm provides the curvature bound and obstacle envelopes required (in step 2) to Management Templates Of Safety Management, guarantee a collision-free path. The validity of the continuous model approach is also supported by an extensive simulation which we performed. While the Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977, simulation has been performed in 2-D, we show a natural extension to 3-D for each technique we have implemented for Management Management the 2-D simulation. Hartman, John. Automatic Control Understanding for Natural Programs. The University of Texas at Patient And Schools, Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# AI-91-161 (dissertation). May 1991. 227 pages.
Program understanding involves recognizing abstract concepts like read-process loop in existing programs. Programmers spend much of their time understanding programs, so studying and automating the process has many benefits. Programming plans are units of programming knowledge connecting abstract concepts and their implementations. Existing research assumes that plan instances can be recognized to recover the programmer's abstract concepts and intentions, but this approach has not been confirmed empirically. We present a practical method for bottom-up control concept recognition in large, unstructured imperative programs. Control concepts are abstract notions about interactions between control flow, data flow and computation, such as do loop, read process loop, and bounded linear search. Management Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Management! They are recognized by Template | Best Business, comparing an abstract program representation against a library of standard implementation plans. The program representation is a hierarchical control flow/data flow graph decomposed into a tree of sub-models using propers (single entry/exit control flow sub-graphs).
Plans are represented by similar graphs with added qualifications. Recognition is based on simple matching between sub-models and plans. The method was implemented in the UNPROG program understander and tested with Cobol and Lisp source programs. This method is robust, efficient, and scalable. The program representation can be formed for all language constructs which permit static determination of control and data flow. Comparing sub- models and comparisons increases linearly with program size. UNPROG has been applied to automatic Cobol restructuring. Knowledge associated with plans and concepts permits more specific and insightful transformation, code generation, and documentation than is possible with syntactic methods. Control understanding can similarly raise the level of other reverse engineering and re-engineering tools for Safety Management Templates applications like analysis, documentation, and translation.
We also showed how our method and UNPROG can be used for (977 empirical study of programs at the conceptual level. Results can be used to Management Plan Of Safety Template, improve recognizer performance, acquire plans, catalog natural plans and concepts, test the hypothesis that programs are planful, and characterize program populations. Throop, David Rutherford. Model-Based Diagnosis of Complex, Continuous Mechanisms. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# AI91-162 (dissertation).
August 1991. 135 pages. In diagnosis, when a hypothesis proposes a variable's value, several different lines of Election Brochure Design, evidence may be considered; the different evidence must be arbitrated. The result of Management Plan Template, this arbitration consists of a single best estimate of the variable value and of a measure of that estimate's plausibility. The plausibility measure reflects the degree of agreement among the Emergency Plan Template | Eknom-Jo, lines of evidence.
This report describes HEATX, a program for model-based diagnosis of non-linear mechanisms with continuous variables. Previous work in model-based diagnosis has avoided arbitrating numeric evidence, often by representing continuous variables as discrete symbols (e.g., high, cold). Such restricted representation have had difficulty in diagnosing mechanisms with feedback or reconvergent fanout. | Range! HEATX represents numerical data explicitly in the hypotheses and in the inferencing procedures; it is thereby able to arbitrate evidence numerically. HEATX uses both nonlinear numerical simulations and approximate linear models to perform diagnosis in the domain of heat-exchanger networks. The response of these networks to Wiredchurches.com Leadership Form, changes in Safety Plan Templates Management Template, their inputs is Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977, nonlinear; the networks also have feedback and reconvergent fanout. This dissertation introduces several novel techniques for diagnosing such networks. It interleaves the generation of Safety Templates | Range Of Safety, complete fault hypotheses with several tests on partially formed hypotheses. Two of Referral Email Template Business, these tests are the qualitative filter and the clustering filter.
The qualitative filter analyzes the signs of gains between fault and symptom variables. The clustering filter constructs linear approximations to individual components and assembles these into a linear model of the Safety Templates Of Safety Management, network. It then uses the linear model to assess the consistency of a hypothesis. It does so by determining whether there is a value for the candidate fault variable which is consistent with the quantitative values of the symptom variables; the degree of | Eknom-Jo, agreement between the symptoms and Management Template, best value for the fault variable is used to score the hypothesis. This filter is extended to multi-fault diagnosis, in which values for several fault variable may be estimated and judged simultaneously. Berleant, Jared Daniel. The Use of Partial Quantitative Information with Qualitative Reasoning. The University of Template Resume Cover Letter, Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# AI91-163 (dissertation).
August 1991. 131 pages. There is a need for combining qualitative and quantitative simulations, to do simulation tasks that would be difficult using either alone. This task is made more difficult by the fact that available quantitative information may be incomplete, bounding values with intervals or describing them with probability distribution functions. This research demonstrates the combination of qualitative and quantitative simulation in an implemented system, Q3. Q3 utilizes partial or complete quantitative information, to gradually refine a qualitative simulation into a simulation that has properties and advantages of both qualitative simulations and Safety Management Template, quantitative ones. The technique exemplified by Q3 is shown to possess properties often used in analyzing both qualitative and quantitative simulators. Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg! Qualitative and quantitative inferences are correct. Theoretical convergence to the true solution and stability in Safety Management Templates | Range, the presence of partial model inputs are also shown.
Q3 has been applied to the problem of Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977, finding probabilities of Management Of Safety, qualitative behaviors, an Election Brochure important problem. Partial quantitative characterization of model inputs, in the form of intervals and probability distributions, may be used to bound the probabilities of different behaviors. This is demonstrated for Management Templates | Range Of Safety Management simple models including one in Referral Email Template | Best Business Template, the dependability analysis application domain. Ourston, Dirk. Using Explanation-Based and Empirical Methods in Theory Revision. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# AI91-164 (dissertation). August 1991.
125 pages. Management Plan | Range Of Safety! The knowledge acquisition problem is a continuing problem in expert system development. The knowledge base (domain theory) initially formulated by Election Brochure, the expert is Safety Plan | Range Of Safety Management Template, usually only an approximation to the correct theory for the application domain. This initial knowledge base must be refined (usually manually) as problems are discovered. This research addresses the knowledge base refinement problem for classification tasks. The research provides an automatic method for Patient Salary, Job Description And Schools correcting a domain theory in the light of incorrect performance on a set of training examples. The method uses attempted explanations to focus the correction on the failing part of the knowledge base. Safety Management! It then uses induction to supply a correction to the knowledge base that will render it consistent with the training examples. Using this technique, it is possible to Technician, correct overly general and overly specific theories, theories with multiple faults at various levels in the theory hierarchy, and theories involving multiple concepts. Methods have been developed for making corrections even in the presence of noisy data.
Theoretical justification for Safety Plan the method is Care And Schools, given in the form of convergence results that predict that the method will eventually converge to a hypothesis that is within a small error of the correct hypothesis, given sufficient examples. Because the | Range, technique currently relies on theorem proving for much of the analysis, it is quite expensive to computationally and Email, heuristic methods for reducing the Safety Management | Range Of Safety Template, computational burden have been implemented. The system developed as part of the research is called EITHER (Explanation-based Inductive THeory Extension and Revision). EITHER uses propositional Horn clause logic as its knowledge representation, with examples expressed as attribute-value lists. The system has been tested in a variety of domains including revising a theory for Calendar Template Cover Letter the identification of promoters in DNA sequences and Safety Management Plan | Range, a theory for soybean disease diagnosis, where it has been shown to outperform a purely inductive approach. Campbell III, A. T. Modeling Global Diffuse Illumination for Image Synthesis. University of Election, Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Plan Of Safety! Report# TR-91-39 (dissertation). December 1991. 155 pages.
Rapid developments in the design of algorithms for rendering globally illuminated scenes have taken place in the past five years. Leadership Form! Net energy methods such as radiosity algorithms have become effective at computing the energy balance for scenes containing diffusely reflecting objects. Such methods first break up a scene description into a large set of Safety Templates | Range Of Safety Management Template, elements, or possibly several levels of elements. Energy transfers among these elements are then determined using a variety of Patient And Schools, means. | Range Of Safety Template! While much progress has been made in the design of energy transfer algorithms, little or no attention has been paid to the proper generation of the mesh of surface elements. This dissertation presents a technique for Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg adaptively creating a mesh of surface elements as the Safety, energy transfers are computed. The method allows large numbers of small elements to be placed at Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977, parts of the scene where the Management Plan Of Safety Template, most active energy transfers occur without requiring that other parts of the scene be subdivided needlessly to the same degree. As a result, the computational effort in the energy transfer computations can be concentrated where it has the most effect. Since the sources of direct and indirect illumination in Action Template, the scene are polygonal elements, the effects of light sources with finite area must be computed.
Most methods simplify the problem by approximating the area source with a collection of point sources. We present an object space algorithm to model illumination from Management Plan Templates | Range Of Safety, polygonal light sources analytically. The result is a collection of smooth-shaded polygonal facets that may be rendered from any viewing position. Binary Space Partitioning trees are used to compute umbra and penumbra boundaries efficiently. Fast analytic techniques are developed for illumination calculations. Numerical optimization methods ensure that the shading function is sampled finely enough to find all significant illumination gradations. Illumination calculations are optimized to concentrate computational effort on parts of the scene where they are most needed. Aahlad, Yeturu.
Balanced Sequencing Protocols. Election Brochure! University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-91-34 (dissertation). Management Plan Of Safety! November 1991. 122 pages.
The protocol used to control the sequence of Design, execution of events of a distributed computation has a significant impact on its performance. Most of the proposed protocols are pessimistic in the sense that when the available information is not sufficient to determine the correctness of executing an event, that event will be delayed until such information is available. Others have proposed optimistic protocols which, in such situations, proceed to execute the event. Plan | Range Of Safety! When the necessary information becomes available, if it turns out that the event should not have been executed, the protocol takes appropriate action to recover from the mistake. This research addresses ways to strike an appropriate balance between the extremes of optimism and pessimism in a sequencing protocol and evaluates the benefits of doing so. Election Design! The term Balanced Sequencing Protocol refers to protocols whose degree of optimism can be varied across a spectrum of possibilities ranging from optimistic to pessimistic by tuning one or more parameters of the protocol. Two approaches are employed in the investigation: (1) a general protocol for sequencing any program at any specified level of optimism, and (2) balanced sequencing protocols specialized for some common distributed computing primitives and paradigms, namely, producer-consumer, distributed semaphores and distributed locking. For these specialized protocols, the range of circumstances where balanced protocols do better than both extremes and Management Templates | Range Management, the optimal balance are analytically determined. A model of distributed databases used in a previously published simulation experiment is studied, and (977, balanced locking is Management, demonstrated to perform better than conventional locking when recovery cost is less than 20 message delays. During the course of this research, a previously unknown phenomenon which can cause the 2015 Pdf | Hr Advisor Letter, performance of optimistic protocols to degrade over time was identified, and its effects were quantified for a simple system. A solution to this problem based on balanced sequencing is proposed.
Levy, Eliezer. Semantics-Based Recovery in Transaction Management Systems. University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-91-29 (dissertation). August 1991. 89 pages. A cornerstone of the transaction paradigm is the notion of Safety Management | Range Of Safety Management Template, atomicity. The principle that forms the basis for obtaining transaction atomicity in most contemporary database systems is to | Best, prohibit transactions from accessing uncommitted data. There is a large range of database environments for which this standard approach to transaction atomicity is excessively restrictive and even not appropriate. A method that allows exposing uncommitted data, yet preserves transaction atomicity without inducing cascading aborts is highly desirable. Templates Management! Such a method would alleviate performance problems related to long-duration and distributed transaction management, and would provide critical functionality for enterprises based on cooperative transactions.
This dissertation focuses on Wiredchurches.com Evaluation semantic recovery as the Plan | Range Of Safety Management Template, requisite method. Semantic undoing, referred to as compensation, is (977, carried out by Safety Plan Management Template, a compensating transaction which is associated with a specific forward transaction. A compensating transaction faces the intricate task of undoing its forward transaction while obliterating the effects of other transactions to a minimal extent and preserving data consistency. Only with the aid of the specific semantics of the application at hand can this task be accomplished. Leadership! Compensation, and Safety Templates | Range Of Safety Management Template, semantic recovery in general, can be utilized in the realm of distributed transaction management systems. Supporting atomicity of multi-site transactions in a distributed system is equated with long-duration delays, blocking, and loss of the local autonomy of the individual sites. The two-phase commit protocol embodies these deficiencies.
These hard problems can be alleviated by employing semantic recovery, and by trading standard all-or-nothing atomicity for a weaker notion of relaxed atomicity. Facing the Referral Email Template Business, relevant impossibility results in Safety, distributed computing, this new direction is well justified. Relaxed atomicity is characterized by Pdf | Resume, an asynchronous process of recovery from decentralized and uncoordinated local decisions as to whether to commit or abort a multi-site transaction. This recovery process finally leads to a unanimous outcome. Safety Templates | Range Template! Relaxing standard atomicity interacts in a subtle way with correctness and concurrency control issues. Accordingly, a correctness criterion is proposed and protocols that satisfy this criterion are presented. The results on relaxed atomicity are of particular importance for heterogeneous distributed databases, where the local autonomy of the integrated systems cannot be compromised. Cheng, Albert Mo Kim. Analysis and Synthesis of Real-Time Rule-Based Decision Systems. University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences.
Report# TR-91-14 (dissertation). April 1991. Patient Care Technician And Schools! 284 pages. Management | Range Template! Real-time decision systems (RTDS's) are computer-controlled systems that must react to events in the external environment by performing decision-intensive computation sufficiently fast to meet specified timing and safety constraints. This dissertation investigates a class of these systems where decisions are computed by an equational rule-based program. Two fundamental problems are identified: (1) the Template Resume, analysis of rule-based RTDS's in Management Plan, order to verify that the | Best, specified timing and Templates Of Safety Template, safety properties are satisfied prior to their execution, and (2) the synthesis of rule-based RTDS's that are guaranteed to meet the specified timing constraints in addition to the safety constraints. Two complementary approaches have been developed to solve the first problem: (1) model checking of the global state transition graph representing the program, and (2) static analysis of the program. These approaches are combined to form the cornerstone of the General Iterative Analysis Algorithm.
The applicability of this analysis technique is Business Template, further enhanced by the development of a facility with which the rule-based programmer can specify domain-specific knowledge in the language Estella in order to Safety Management Management, validate the Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977, performance of an even wider range of Management Plan Templates | Range Template, programs. Two approaches also have been identified to tackle the Leadership, second problem: (1) transforming the given equational rule-based program by adding, deleting, and/or modifying rules, and (2) optimizing the Safety Management Of Safety, scheduler to select the rules to fire such that the Election Template, variables in the program will always converge to Safety Templates Management, stable values within the response time constraint. Resume Cover Letter! The complexity and size of real-time decision systems often necessitates the use of computer-aided design tools. This dissertation describes a suite of analysis tools based on our theoretical framework which have been implemented to ensure that equational rule-based programs written in the language EQL can indeed meet their specified timing constraints. Haruyama, Nick Shinichiro.
New Routing Strategies for VLSI. University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-91-02 (dissertation). Safety Management Templates Of Safety! December 1990. 158 pages.
This report describes two methods of routing for VLSI layout: one method for channel routing and another method for power wire routing. Our two-layer channel router is designed to find solutions which minimize both wiring area and number of vias simultaneously. Our method, called topological channel routing, analyzes the Election Brochure, topological relationship of wires before the wires are mapped onto the channel. A unique layout design rule called an interleaving mesh is Plan Templates Management Template, used. Election Brochure Design! The interleaving mesh prohibits long wires on one layer from overlapping with wires on the other layer, thus has smaller cross talks of signals because of smaller capacitive couplings between those wires on | Range Of Safety Management Template different layers. Experimental results show that the algorithm generates very good solutions. For example, we have obtained a height of 41 for the famous Deutsch's Difficult Example without any parallel overlaps of Calendar 2015 Template Hr Advisor Cover Letter, wires and simultaneously a via count of 186, which is one of the best results ever reported in the literature.
Our power router finds non-crossing VDD and GND trees on one layer using a small metal area. The solution is obtained under the constraints of metal migration and voltage drop. Experimental results show that the power wire area is considerably smaller than a previously developed method for single-layer routing. Byun, Yung-Tai. Spatial Learning Mobile Robots with a Spatial Semantic Hierarchical Model. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# AI90-121 (dissertation). Safety Management Plan Templates Management Template! January 1990.
235 pages. Pdf | Hr Advisor Resume Cover Letter! The goal of this dissertation is to develop a spatial exploration and map-learning strategy for a mobile robot to use in unknown, large-scale environments. Traditional approaches aim at building purely metrically accurate maps. Because of sensorimotor errors, it is hard to construct accurately such maps. However, in Safety Plan Of Safety Template, spite of sensory and computation limitation, humans explore environments, build cognitive maps from Referral Email Business Template, exploration, and successfully path-plan, navigate, and Safety Plan | Range Template, place-find. Based on the study of Brochure Template Design, human cognitive maps, we develop a spatial semantic hierarchical model to replace the global absolute coordinate frame used in traditional approaches. Templates! The semantic hierarchical model consists of three levels: control level, topological level, and geometrical level. Emergency Action Plan Template | Eknom-Jo! The topological level provides the basic structure of the hierarchy.
At the control level, a robot finds places or follows travel edges which can be described by qualitatively definable features. The distinctive features allow development of distinctiveness measures. The robot uses these measures to find, with negative feedback control, the distinctive places by hill-climbing search algorithms, and the travel edges by edge-following algorithms. Distinctive places and travel edges are connected to build a topological model. Safety Templates! This model is created prior to the construction of a global geometrical map. Cumulative location error is essentially eliminated while traveling among distinctive places and travel edges by alternating between the Emergency Plan | Eknom-Jo, hill-climbing search control algorithms and Safety Templates | Range Management, the edge-following control algorithms. On top of the topological model, metrical information is accumulated first locally and then globally. Using a simulation package with a robot instance, NX, we demonstrate the robustness of our method against sensorimotor errors. Design! The control knowledge for distinctive places and Safety Plan Of Safety Management, travel edges, the topological matching process, and the metrical matching process with local geometry make our approach robust in the face of Evaluation, metrical errors. In addition to robust navigation at the control and topological levels, our framework can incorporate certain metrically-based methods and thus provide the best of both approaches. Hermjakob, Ph.D., Ulf.
Access-Limited Logic -- A Language for Knowledge Representation. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# AI90-141 (dissertation). October 1990. 237 pages. Safety Management! Access-Limited Logic (ALL) is | Eknom-Jo, a language for Safety Management Plan Templates Of Safety Template knowledge representation which formalizes the access limitations inherent in a network structured knowledge-base. Where a deductive method such as resolution would retrieve all assertions that satisfy a given pattern, an Election access-limited logic retrieves all assertions reachable by following an available access path. The time complexity of inference is thus a polynomial function of the size of the accessible portion of the knowledge- base, rather than the Management | Range Of Safety Management Template, size of the entire knowledge-base. Access-Limited Logic, though incomplete, still has a well defined semantics and a weakened form of completeness, Socratic Completeness, which guarantees that for Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg any query which is a logical consequence of the knowledge-base, there exists a series of queries after which the original query will succeed. We have implemented ALL in Lisp and it has been used to Safety Management | Range Of Safety Management Template, build several non-trivial systems, including versions of Qualitative Process Theory and Pearl's probability networks. ALL is a step toward providing the properties - clean semantics, efficient inference, expressive power - which will be necessary to build large, effective knowledge bases.
Blumenthal, Brad Brand. Applying Design Replay to the Domain of Metaphoric Human Interface Design. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# AI90-145 (dissertation). December 1990. 126 pages. This research focuses on the development of an algorithm for recording the experience of an automated design system and reusing that experience to improve the Calendar Template Pdf | Letter, performance of the design system on subsequent design episodes.
This new design replay algorithm has been implemented in the REMAID system, applied to the domain of automated human interface design, and empirically tested against implementations of other approaches to design replay presented in the literature. Safety Templates | Range Management! The success of the REMAID design replay technique is based on two fundamentally new approaches. First, REMAID effectively interleaves design replay with generic automated design by recognizing and intelligently adapting to various kinds of mismatches between the recorded experience and the current episode. These mismatches, called pretours, detours, and combinations, are identified, and methods for recognizing and adapting to them are described. The second approach used by the REMAID algorithm is to reuse the reasoning involved in producing a design, rather than just the Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977, choices. This is Safety Management Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Management Template, implemented by recording and reusing the heuristics used to produce a design, rather than simply recording the goals that were addressed. Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977! In particular, the heuristics that were used to Safety Management Plan Templates | Range, order subgoals in a design are recorded and reused. The design system that REMAID is applied to is called MAID and Calendar 2015 Template Hr Advisor Cover Letter, automatically produces human interface designs for a computer application when given a specification of the Management Templates | Range Of Safety Management, functionality of that application.
In addition to serving as the test domain for REMAID, MAID advanced the state of the art in automated human interface design by implementing a representation and Business, an algorithm that automatically incorporates characteristics from real world objects into interface designs. Templates Of Safety Management! MAID creates such metaphoric interface designs by Care Salary, Job Description, importing appearances, new objects and other features suggested by the real-world entity. MAID has been used to design nine different interfaces to two different applications. Branting, Karl. Integrating Rules and Management Plan Management, Precedents for Classification and Explanation: Automating Legal Analysis. The University of Texas at Patient Salary, Job Description, Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# AI90-146 (dissertation). December 1990.
159 pages. The goal of Safety Management Templates Management, this research is to develop a model for problem solving that integrates general rules with specific examples. Action Plan Template! Developing such a model is important because neither rules nor examples, standing alone, are sufficient for problem solving in many important domains. Few areas of human expertise are so well understood that problem solving is reducible to deduction from general principles. Similarly, there are few domains in which experience is so extensive that every new problem precisely matches a previous problem whose solution is known. Safety Management Management! When neither rules nor examples are individually sufficient, problem-solving expertise depends on integrating both. Legal analysis typifies a task in (977, which problem solving depends upon both an incomplete general theory and examples. A lawyer familiar only with the literal text of legal rules but ignorant of Safety Plan, any examples of their use would be critically handicapped in the tasks of making, anticipating, and evaluating arguments. Much of the expertise of an experienced lawyer comes not from knowledge of legal rules themselves, but from familiarity with examples of the use of rules for argumentation, planning, and adjudication. The dependence of Calendar Template Pdf |, expert performance in law on both rules and examples makes law an ideal domain for illustrating and evaluating models for integrating general and specific knowledge sources.
Iscoe, Neil Allen. Domain-specific Programming: an Object-Oriented and Knowledge-Based Approach to Specification and Generation. University of Plan | Range Of Safety Management, Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-90-37 (dissertation). November 1990.
154 pages. Programmers must have an understanding of both programming knowledge and application domain knowledge to Emergency | Eknom-Jo, write application programs. But while programming is well enough understood to model and teach, application domain knowledge is Plan Templates | Range, not yet well understood, and is codified only in an informal ad hoc manner. Because representations that precisely characterize application domain knowledge do not currently exist, errors are frequently made when gathering and mapping specifications from the informal to the formal. This dissertation defines a meta-model for application domain knowledge and describes a methodology for its instantiation into domain-specific models. Domain models are representations of application domains that can be used for a variety of Wiredchurches.com, operational goals in support of specific software engineering tasks or processes. The meta-model and methodology in this dissertation facilitate understanding and analyzing application areas and eliciting and formalizing software requirements and specifications. The emphasis is on general characterization techniques that can be used to instantiate models from different application domains.
Menon, Vinod. Dynamic Aspects of Signaling in Distributed Neural Systems. University of Texas at Austin, Department of Safety Management Templates Of Safety Template, Computer Sciences. Report# TR-90-36 (dissertation). November 1990.
162 pages. A distributed neural system consists of Calendar 2015 Template Pdf | Hr Advisor Letter, localized populations of neurons - neuronal groups - linked by massive reciprocal connections. Signaling between neuronal groups forms the basis of Management Plan Templates Of Safety Template, functioning of such a system. In this thesis, fundamental aspects of signaling are investigated mathematically with particular emphasis on Action Plan | Eknom-Jo the architecture and temporal self-organizing features of distributed neural systems. Management Plan Templates Of Safety Management Template! Coherent population oscillations, driven by exogenous and Patient Care Salary, Job Description And Schools, endogenous events, serve as autonomous timing mechanisms and are the basis of one possible mechanism of signaling. The theoretical analysis has, therefore, concentrated on a detailed study of the origin and frequency-amplitude-phase characteristics of the oscillations and the emergent features of inter-group reentrant signaling. It is shown that a phase shift between the excitatory and inhibitory components of the Safety Management | Range Of Safety Template, interacting intra-neuronal-group signals underlies the generation of oscillations. Such a phase shift is Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977, readily induced by delayed inhibition or slowly decaying inhibition. Theoretical analysis shows that a large dynamic frequency-amplitude range is possible by varying the time course of the inhibitory signal. Plan Of Safety Management Template! Reentrant signaling between two groups is shown to Wiredchurches.com — Sample Evaluation, give rise to synchronization, desynchronization, and Safety Management Plan Of Safety, resynchronization (with a large jump in Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977, frequency and phase difference) of the oscillatory activity as the latency of the reentrant signal is varied.
We propose that this phenomenon represents a correlation dependent non-Boolean switching mechanism. A study of triadic neuronal group interactions reveals topological effects - the existence of stabilizing (closed loop) and destabilizing (open loop) circuits. The analysis indicates (1) the metastable nature of signaling, (2) the existence of time windows in which correlated and uncorrelated activity can take place, and (3) dynamic frequency-amplitude-phase modulation of oscillations. By varying the latencies, and hence the relative phases of the reentrant signals, it is possible to dynamically and selectively modulate the Safety Management Templates Of Safety Management, cross-correlation between coactive neuronal groups in a manner that reflects the mapping topology as well as the intrinsic neuronal circuit properties. These mechanisms, we argue, provide dynamic linkage between neuronal groups thereby enabling the distributed neural system to Action Plan Template, operate in Plan Management, a highly parallel manner without clocks, algorithms, and central control.
Deshpande, Sanjay R. A Theory for Automated Synthesis of Architectures for Repetitive Multi-Rate Algorithms. University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-90-28 (dissertation). August 1990. 230 pages. A theoretical framework is Election Brochure Template, developed to achieve automated architectural synthesis for data-independent, repetitive, multi-rate algorithms from their behavioral specifications.
Multi-rate functions are formally defined. Of Safety! It is Template, shown that systolic architectures for algorithms incorporating multi-rate functions make inefficient use of hardware components and that a multi-clock design style can produce more efficient architectures. A graph-oriented language, called Data Dependency Graphs (DDGs), is introduced to facilitate the specification of multi-rate computations. Computational semantics suitable for multi-rate computations are associated with the nodes and edges of the DDG. A compatible model for function execution by hardware components is proposed. A bus-based architectural scheme is also proposed.
The synthesis process is seen as translation from DDGs to architectures. Analytic techniques are introduced to extract design information from the DDGs. Synthesis problems are formulated, and Safety Management Templates | Range Of Safety Management, heuristic approaches are suggested for their solution. An implementation of a heuristic synthesis system is Leadership Evaluation, described. The implementation is evaluated via experiments. Bulko, William Charles. Management Plan | Range Management Template! Understanding Coreference in a System for Solving Physics Word Problems(Ph.D. Dissertation). The University of Calendar Pdf | Hr Advisor Resume, Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# AI89-102 (dissertation).
May 1989. Safety Templates | Range Management! 197 pages. In this thesis, a computer program (BEATRIX) is presented which takes as input an English statement of a physics problem and a figure associated with it, understands the two kinds of input in combination, and produces a data structure containing a model of the physical objects described and the relationships between them. BEATRIX provides a mouse-based graphic interface with which the user sketches a picture and enters English sentences; meanwhile, BEATRIX creates a neutral internal representation of the picture similar to that which might be produced as the output of a vision system. It then parses the text and Plan | Eknom-Jo, the picture representation, resolves the Management Plan Management, references between objects common to the two data sources, and produces a unified model of the problem world. The correctness and completeness of this model has been validated by applying it as input to a physics problem-solving program currently under development. Two descriptions of a world are said to be coreferent when they contain references to overlapping sets of objects. Resolving coreferences to produce a correct world model is a common task in scientific and industrial problem-solving: because English is typically not a good language for Action Plan expressing spatial relationships, people in these fields frequently use diagrams to supplement textual descriptions. Elementary physics problems from Safety Management Plan | Range Of Safety Management, college-level textbooks provide a useful and convenient domain for exploring the mechanisms of coreference.
Because flexible, opportunistic control is necessary in order to recognize coreference and to act upon it, the Action | Eknom-Jo, understanding module of BEATRIX uses a blackboard control structure. Safety Templates | Range! The blackboard knowledge sources serve to identify physical objects in the picture, parse the Referral Email Template | Best Template, English text, and resolve coreferences between the Management Templates | Range Template, two. Calendar Template Pdf | Hr Advisor Resume Letter! We believe that BEATRIX demonstrates a control structure and collection of knowledge that successfully implements understanding of text and Safety Management Plan Templates Of Safety Management, picture by computer. We also believe that this organization can be applied successfully to similar understanding tasks in domains other than physics problem-solving, where data such as the output from vision systems and speech understanders can be used in place of text and pictures. Kook, Hyung Joon. A Model-Based Representational Framework for Expert Physics Problem Solving (Ph.D.
Dissertation). Template Hr Advisor Resume Cover Letter! The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Safety Plan | Range Of Safety Template! Report# AI89-103 (dissertation). May 1989. Brochure Design! 258 pages. Safety Templates | Range! Real-world physics problems are presented in Patient Salary, Job Description, terms of informal, real-world objects and the relationships among them. An important task of a problem solver is to obtain a formal representation of the problem by interpreting each of these objects and relationships into formal, often abstract, models of physics (such as a point mass or the principle of uniform circular motion). Representation of Safety Management Plan Templates Of Safety Management Template, such models has been the main research issue in building APEX (A Physics Expert), a computer program developed for solving elementary physics problems. The main areas of research APEX addresses are ways to represent the conceptual models of the domain, the development of methods to obtain the Template Design, representation of a problem in terms of these models, and the study of the linkage between the two representations (initial, informal, and Safety Management Plan | Range Management Template, internal, formal, problem representations). Plan Template! During APEX's problem solving, the problem is represented in the form of Management | Range Of Safety Management, a data connection network, which is progressively augmented by Plan Template | Eknom-Jo, these models in the form of additional network elements.
In order to explicate the data conversion scheme between the model instances and the features of objects in the initial problem, the notion of view is presented as an object-level representational framework for connecting the Safety Templates | Range Of Safety Template, two representations. The view framework also supports multiple representations (i.e., viewing many objects as a single canonical physical object, and Election, one object as many canonical physical objects), handling of incompletely specified problems, and the invertibility of the views (the facility for transferring the results obtained from the internal representations back to the original representations). APEX facilitates the selection of models in two independent modes: a human- guided mode in which models are selected by a human through a user-friendly interface, and Safety Plan Templates | Range, a machine-inference mode in which models are selected by a rule-based inference system. This computational framework provides a powerful representational mechanism that allows a finite set of physical principles to be applied to a potentially infinite variety of problems. Barnett III, Benjamin Lewis.
Evaluation and Implementation of Protocols in the Local Area Network Testbed Environment. University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-89-35 (dissertation). November 1989. 261 pages. Calendar 2015 Template Hr Advisor Cover! This thesis presents the results of the Templates | Range Of Safety Template, Local Area Network Testbed experience. The design of the testbed, the results of several experiments and the results of a formal protocol analysis are included. Three data link layer protocols for Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Detection (CSMA/CD) bus networks were implemented in the testbed. The performance of these three protocols under several different artificial workloads is compared. The three protocols were the commercially available Ethernet, the Enet II protocol proposed by Molloy, and the Virtual Time CSMA/CD (VTCSMA/CD) protocol proposed by Molle. The three protocols represent three fundamentally different approaches to handling collisions among users of Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977, a broadcast channel.
Ethernet randomizes retransmission attempts for the conflicting packets in Management Management Template, an attempt to minimize the likelihood of Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg, successive collisions. Enet II uses a probabilistic algorithm to schedule the retransmissions of conflicting packets to Safety Plan Templates | Range, resolve the collision. Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg! VTCSMA/CD uses a technique which reduces the initial likelihood of collisions. Safety Management Plan Management Template! Enet II is shown to have significantly better variance of delay than Ethernet. VTCSMA/CD has the best variance of delay of the three protocols due to the success of its collision avoidance method. The implementation of Enet II demonstrates that techniques usually reserved for slotted networks can be beneficially employed on their unslotted counterparts. To investigate the adaptation of slotted protocols to unslotted use, a well known slotted Collision Resolution Protocol (CRP), the Action Template | Eknom-Jo, Gallager First-Come, First-Served (FCFS) protocol, is adapted to unslotted operation and proven to have bounded delay.
A second adaptation of the protocol which responds to collisions differently is shown to deadlock. Deadlock detection and Safety Plan Templates Of Safety Template, recovery methods are presented. A new CRP based on the deadlock recovery method and using information about the Action Plan Template, location of colliding stations is proposed. Mooney, Raymond. A General Explanation-Based Learning Mechanism and Its Application to Narrative Understanding (PhD dissertation).
The University of Safety Management Template, Texas at Referral Template Template, Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# AI88-66 (dissertation). January 1988. | Range Management! 232 pages. This report consists of the author's dissertation from the University of Referral Template | Best Business Template, Illinois at Safety Plan Templates Template, Urbana-Champaign. Holte, Robert Craig. An Analytical Framework for Learning Systems.
The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Email Template | Best Business, Computer Sciences. Report# AI88-72 (dissertation). February 1988. 172 pages. The problem addresses in this thesis is that of defining a set of concepts and techniques that facilitate the comparison and analysis of learning systems. Systems are modelled in terms of certain abstract processes and bodies of Safety Management Plan Templates Of Safety Management, information. Different types of systems correspond to different ways of representing the model. Systems of different types are compared using behavior-preserving transformations.
Formal definitions are given for representation and generative structure of a system. These and 2015 Template Hr Advisor Resume Letter, related concepts, such as bias and implicit knowledge, facilitate the analysis of a system's efficiency and its use of task-specific knowledge. Bareiss, Ellis Raymond, Jr. Protos: A Unified Approach to Concept Representation, Classification, and Learning (Ph.D. Dissertation). The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Management Plan Management, Computer Sciences. Report# AI88-83 (dissertation). August 1988.
215 pages. The primary contribution of this research is a unified approach to concept representation, classification, and concept learning. This approach has been implemented as a computer program, Protos, which learns concepts as it performs classification under the Referral Email Template Business Template, guidance of a teacher. Management Plan Templates | Range Management Template! The soundness of the approach has been demonstrated by successfully applying Protos to the task of acquiring knowledge for performing heuristic classification at an expert level of 2015 Hr Advisor Resume Letter, proficiency. The Protos approach addresses the complexities of representing, using, and Management, learning natural concepts. Template Business! These concepts are polymorphic and ill-defined. Most machine learning research is based on inductive learning and deductive classification, which are more suitable for artificial domains (e.g., mathematics) than natural domains (e.g., medicine). In contrast, Protos takes an exemplar-based approach. It represents concepts extensionally as sets of retained exemplars, classifies a new instance by recalling a similar exemplar and Safety Management Templates | Range Of Safety Template, explaining its similarity to the instance, and learns when a classification failure indicates that knowledge is missing. Because Protos learns as a byproduct of classification, its performance continually improves. Protos has been experimentally evaluated by training it to diagnose hearing disorders.
An expert audiologist trained Protos with 200 cases of hearing disorder. Through this small amount of training, Protos evolved into an expert system whose classification performance was comparable to that of experienced human clinicians. Lin, Yow-Jian. A Parallel Implementation of Logic Programs (Ph.D. Template! Dissertation). The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences.
Report# AI88-84 (dissertation). August 1988. 118 pages. Logic programming is increasingly being used in symbolic processing applications. As the complexity of symbolic computation increases, executing logic programs in Safety Plan Of Safety, parallel is perhaps the only way to meet the computational demands of the Patient, next generation computing.
Due to implicit representation of parallelism and separation of specification and control, logic programming also offers a possible solution to Management Plan Management Template, the problem of utilizing highly parallel architectures. Various parallel execution models for logic programs have been proposed, but most of them cannot be implemented efficiently. This dissertation presents a parallel execution model of logic programs and its implementation on a shared memory multiprocessor. The execution model preserves the don't-know nondeterminism, and follows the generator-consumer approach to exploit AND-parallelism. 2015 Template Pdf | Cover Letter! Unlike many other execution models, this model constructs the Management | Range Of Safety Template, data-dependency information dynamically, requires no information from the user, and is able to Template Pdf | Hr Advisor Resume Letter, exploit all the Management Of Safety Template, AND-parallelism available in the framework of the generator-consumer approach. Moreover, this model can back- track intelligently at the clause level without incurring excessive overhead. Our implementation of this execution model on Action Plan the Sequent Balance multiprocessor obtains linear speedup on Templates Of Safety many programs containing AND-parallelism. Contrary to the belief of many researchers, our work shows that it is possible to do dynamic dependency analysis and intelligent backtracking efficiently. Kim, Hyoung-Joo. Issues in Object-oriented Database Schemas. University of Texas at Emergency | Eknom-Jo, Austin, Department of Management Plan Templates | Range Of Safety, Computer Sciences.
Report# TR-88-20 (dissertation). May 1988. 244 pages. The successful use of database management systems in data-processing applications has created a substantial amount of interest in 2015 Template Resume Cover Letter, applying database techniques to such areas as knowledge bases and artificial intelligence (AI), computer-aided design (CAD), and office information systems (OIS). In order to provide the additional semantics necessary to model these new applications, many researchers have adopted the object-oriented programming paradigm to serve as a data model. In order to use the objectoriented approach in a database system, it was necessary to add persistence and sharability to the object-oriented programming paradigm. Safety Management Templates Management Template! Several database systems based on this approach are under implementation. Therefore, object-oriented database systems combine the strengths of object-oriented programming languages and conventional database systems. Patient Technician Salary, Job Description! The practical applications of object-oriented databases, such as CAD, AI, and OIS, require the Safety Management Plan Template, ability to dynamically make a wide variety of changes to Template, the database schema. This process is called schema evolution.
We establish a consistent and complete framework of Management, schema evolution. Based on our framework, the MCC ODBS group implemented a schema manager within their prototype object-oriented database system, ORION. On top of the schema manager of ORION, we implemented a graphical schema editor, PSYCHO. Adiga, Ashok K. Performance Modelling of Parallel Computations. University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. — Sample Leadership Evaluation! Report# TR-88-11 (dissertation). April 1988.
165 pages. The design of parallel computations involves numerous decisions which effect execution efficiency. The choice of an optimum configuration for a computation on a given architecture is essential for attaining the maximum efficiency in Safety Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Management Template, terms of Calendar Template Hr Advisor Letter, achieved speedup. Some of the relevant factors in the configuration space of a computation include the granularity of a task, the | Range Of Safety, communication model used, choice of dependencies between tasks and the host architecture on which the application is to be run. In this dissertation, we present a model for Brochure Design representing parallel computations which can be used to analyze their performance for various configurations. Our model is an extended Petri Net with facilities to model control and data flow mechanisms, as well as synchronization and Plan | Range Of Safety, communication primitives. A methodology is Election Brochure Template, developed for representing the execution of a computation on a given architecture.
The methodology consists of viewing the model as consisting of three distinct submodels (the computation, architecture and mapping submodels) which have standard interfaces between them. Specification of a structured methodology enables the automatic generation of model instances. In addition, it becomes possible to specify a library from which architectures can be selected to determine if they are suitable for a given computation. Safety Templates Of Safety Management Template! This modelling technique is then used to study the performance of computations under variations in Patient Salary, Job Description And Schools, their configuration parameters, including their actual run-time behavior on Safety Plan Management Template various target architectures. Kim, Sung Jo. Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg! A General Approach to Multiprocessor Scheduling. University of Management, Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences.
Report# TR-88-04 (dissertation). Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977! February 1988. 155 pages. As a variety of Safety | Range Management, general-purpose multiprocessor systems have been recently designed and built, multiprocessor scheduling is becoming increasingly important. Multiprocessor scheduling is a technique to exploit the underlying hardware in a multiprocessor system so that parallelism existing in an application program can be fully utilized and interprocessor communication time can be minimized.
Traditionally, most research on Referral Email Template multiprocessor scheduling has focused on the development of specific scheduling strategies to take advantage of unique characteristics of a specific multiprocessor system or application program. In this thesis, we define and characterize scheduling techniques and related heuristic mapping algorithms which are applicable to a spectrum of multiprocessor systems and a broad class of application programs. The fundamental idea we use is that multiprocessor scheduling can be regarded as a series of mappings from Safety Management Plan Of Safety Management Template, a computation graph (representing an application program) to Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg, a virtual architecture graph (representing an optimal architecture for the program) and eventually to a physical architecture graph (representing a target multiprocessor system). We propose linear clustering and linear cluster merging as effectual heuristics. After linear clustering and merging, the computation graph is transformed into a virtual architecture graph.
This graph represents an optimal architecture which compromises between two conflicting goals, minimization of Safety Management Plan Templates Management Template, interprocessor communication and Patient Care, maximization of potential parallelism, and Plan Templates | Range Template, satisfies the other goals, throughput enhancement and workload balance, relatively well. Then we develop two efficient scheduling algorithms which map the optimal architecture graph onto a physical architecture graph which may represent either a homogeneous or a heterogeneous multiprocessor system. These algorithms rely not only on local information but also on limited global information. Finally, we present the result of performance evaluation of the mapping algorithms on an Intel iPSC with 32 processors and a Sequent Balance with 10 processors. Biswas, Jit.
Techniques and Data Structures for Parallel Resource Management. University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-87-42 (dissertation). — Sample Leadership Evaluation! November 1987. Safety Plan | Range Of Safety Template! 200 pages. NO ABSTRACT. Bhat, Vivekanand.
Design of the Template Cover Letter, Cadm Based Sort/search/set Engine. Safety Plan Of Safety Management Template! University of Texas at Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977, Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-87-36 (dissertation). September 1987. 171 pages. NO ABSTRACT. Ramakrishnan, Raghunath.
On the Implementation of Data Intensive Logic Programs. University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Management Templates Of Safety! Report# TR-87-21 (dissertation). 2015 Template Pdf | Resume Cover Letter! May 1987. 210 pages. NO ABSTRACT. Dafni, Gad Joseph. Design and Safety Templates | Range Template, Performance Evaluation of the Texas Object Based System. University of Leadership, Texas at Templates | Range Template, Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-87-04 (dissertation). January 1987.
205 pages. NO ABSTRACT. Hufnagel, Stephen Peter. Vertically Partitioned Object-oriented Software Design for Dependability And Good Performance. Wiredchurches.com Evaluation Form! University of Texas at Austin, Department of Safety Management Templates Template, Computer Sciences. Wiredchurches.com! Report# TR-87-02 (dissertation). January 1987. 156 pages. NO ABSTRACT. Murray, William R. Automatic Program Debugging for Intelligent Tutoring Systems (PhD dissertation). The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences.
Report# AI86-27 (dissertation). June 1986. 276 pages. Program debugging is an important part of the domain expertise required for Management Plan | Range Management Template intelligent tutoring systems that teach programming languages. 2015 Template Pdf | Hr Advisor Resume Cover Letter! This dissertation explores the process by which student programs can be automatically debugged in order to Safety | Range Of Safety Management, increase the instructional capabilities of these systems. This research presents a methodology and implementation for Technician Salary, the diagnosis and correction of nontrivial recursive programs. In this approach, recursive programs are debugged by Safety Management Of Safety, repairing induction proofs in the Boyer-Moore Logic. The potential of a program debugger to Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977, automatically debug widely varying novice programs in a nontrivial domain is proportional to its capabilities to Safety Plan | Range Of Safety Template, reason about computational semantics. Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977! By increasing these reasoning capabilities a more powerful and robust system can result. This thesis supports these claims by examining related work in automated program debugging and by discussing the design, implementation, and evaluation of Talus, an automatic debugger for LISP programs.
Talus relies on its abilities to reason about computational semantics to perform algorithm recognition, infer code teleology and to automatically detect and Safety Management Templates Of Safety, correct nonsyntactic errors in student programs written in a restricted, but nontrivial, subset of LISP. Solutions can vary significantly in algorithm, functional decomposition, role of variables, data flow, control flow, values returned by functions, LISP primitives used, and Evaluation, identifiers used. Solutions can consist of multiple functions, each containing multiple bugs. Empirical evaluation demonstrates that Talus achieves high performance in debugging widely varying student solutions to challenging tasks. Murray, William R. Talus: Automatic Program Debugging for Intelligent Tutoring Systems. Management | Range Of Safety Management Template! The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# AI86-32 (dissertation). August 1986. 37 pages. This report summarizes the author's dissertation (AI86-27). Korner.
Kim. An Intelligent Remote File Server (PhD Dissertation). The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Action Plan Template | Eknom-Jo, Computer Sciences. Report# AI86-39 (dissertation). December 1986. Safety Management Management! 180 pages. Limitations of current disk blocking caching strategies are discussed. A new model for providing remote file service using knowledge based caching algorithms is proposed. The knowledge based algorithms generate expectations of Template Hr Advisor Cover Letter, user process behavior which are used to provide hints to Safety Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Management Template, the file server. Surplus resources of the remote file server permit incorporation of these hints into caching algorithms. The research involves gathering trace data from a modified Unix kernel and driven simulation of remote file server models.
Comparisons are made between conventional, knowledge based and optimal models. Further applications of knowledge based strategies in operating systems are discussed. Hermenegildo, Manuel V. An Abstract Machine Based Execution Model for Computer Architecture Design And Efficient Implementation of Logic Programs in Parallel. Patient Care Technician Job Description And Schools! University of Texas at Management Templates, Austin, Department of Leadership, Computer Sciences. Report# TR-86-20 (dissertation). August 1986. 268 pages. NO ABSTRACT. Smith, Michael Kavanaugh. Knowledge Based Contextual Reference Resolution for Management Plan Templates Management Template Text Understanding (PhD dissertation).
The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Referral Email | Best Template! Report# AI85-02 (dissertation). January 1985. 95 pages. This report extends the concept of reference resolution in a discourse context to cover a broad range of connective inference required for text understanding. Access to all conceptual relations is restricted or facilitated by the context established by preceding text.
This contextual filter greatly simplifies the establishment of connections between the Plan Management, surface text and previously instantiated discourse representation. The reference procedure requires a taxonomically organized knowledge base of structured concepts, in the sense of Referral | Best Business Template, frames and scripts. The procedure selects lexical senses and generates reference candidates, which may be either explicit or implicit in the discourse context. These are matched against constraints imposed by the surface text and a conceptual representation is constructed and integrated with the accumulated discourse structure. Levinson, Robert A. A Self Organizing Retrieval System for Graphs (PhD dissertation). The University of Texas at Safety Management Plan Templates | Range Template, Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# AI85-05 (dissertation). May 1985. 89 pages. This report describes the theory, design and implementation of a graph-based, self-organizing database retrieval system.
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Concepts define the notion of similarity that is crucial if approximate match is desired. They also may be useful generalizations of reactions or molecular structures. Template Design! The concepts can be discovered (i.e., constructed) by the system itself using largely syntactic criteria based on the topology of the database. A variety of performance tests are performed, including a comparison of the system's precursor recommendation capability with graduate students in organic chemistry. The system is also applied to the retrieval and generalization of chess positions. Gangopadhyay, Dipayan.
A Formal System for Network Databases and Its Applications to Safety | Range Management, Integrity Related Issues. University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-84-19 (dissertation). June 1984. Template Pdf | Cover! 113 pages. NO ABSTRACT. Struensee, Michael Calvin. Uses of Management Plan | Range Template, Dipole Oscillator Strength Sum Rules in Referral Template Business Template, Second Order. University of Texas at Austin, Department of Safety Templates Management Template, Computer Sciences. Report# TR-84-18 (dissertation). June 1984.
192 pages. NO ABSTRACT. Rathi, Bharat Deep. The Design and Performance Analysis of a Self Managing Secondary Memory. University of Email | Best, Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-84-09 (dissertation).
March 1984. Of Safety Management! 201 pages. NO ABSTRACT. Han, Sang Yong. A Language for the Specification and Representation of Programs in a Data Flow Model of Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977, Computation. Safety Plan Templates | Range! University of Texas at Austin, Department of Election Template Design, Computer Sciences. Report# TR-83-230 (dissertation). May 1983. 213 pages. NO ABSTRACT. Canas, Daniel A. Operating Systems for Reconfigurable Network Architecture Systems: the Node Kernel.
University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Management Plan Templates Management! Report# TR-83-228 (dissertation). Election! May 1983. Management Templates! 143 pages. NO ABSTRACT. DOWNLOAD tr83-228a.pdf tr82-228b.pdf tr82-228c.pdf.
Kunii, Hideko. Graph Data Language: a High Level Access-path Oriented Language. University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-83-216 (dissertation). May 1983.
188 pages. NO ABSTRACT. Alterman, Richard Ethan. A System of Seven Coherence Relations for Hierarchically Organizing Event Concepts in Text. University of Template, Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences.
Report# TR-82-209 (dissertation). September 1982. 184 pages. NO ABSTRACT. DOWNLOAD tr82-209a.pdf tr82-209b.pdf tr82-209c.pdf tr82-209d.pdf.
DiVito, Benedetto L. Verification Of Communications Protocols And Abstract Process Models. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-82-25 (dissertation). August 1982. 243 pages. Communications protocols are crucial for the reliable exchange of information in distributed systems. In this dissertation, we consider the Management Templates | Range Management, problem of 2015 Pdf | Letter, formally specifying and verifying properties of protocol systems. Such systems are modeled by hierarchies of concurrent processes, where interprocess communication is achieved by message passing rather than through arbi trary shared variables. Based on this model, a methodology is developed for mechanically assisted protocol analysis. The Gypsy methodology for concurrent program verification is the point of Management | Range Management, departure for much of this work. Specialized methods applicable to protocols are derived from the Referral Email Template Template, Gypsy methods.
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Burger, Wilhelm F. A Modeling System for Mathematical Programming. University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-81-177 (dissertation). May 1981. 112 pages. NO ABSTRACT. Amsler, R. A. The Structure of the Merriam-Webster Pocket Dictionary. University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-80-164 (dissertation). December 1980.
175 pages. NO ABSTRACT. DOWNLOAD tr80-164a.pdf tr80-164b.pdf tr80-164c.pdf. Smith, Connie U. The Prediction and Evaluation of the Management Template, Performance of Software From Extended Design Specificatoins. University of Texas at Austin, Department of Wiredchurches.com — Sample Evaluation Form, Computer Sciences. Safety Templates | Range Management Template! Report# TR-80-154 (dissertation). August 1980. 148 pages.
NO ABSTRACT. DOWNLOAD tr80-154a.pdf tr80-154b.pdf tr80-154c.pdf. Keller, T. W. Computer System Models with Passive Resources. University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-76-57 (dissertation). May 1976.
82 pages. NO ABSTRACT. Foster, D. V. File Assignment in Memory Hierarchies. University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-75-48 (dissertation). May 1975. 137 pages. NO ABSTRACT.
Baldwin, L. Election! J. A Method for Designing Programs and Its Application to Introductory Computer Science Courses. University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Safety Plan Template! Report# TR-74-39 (dissertation). August 1974. 138 pages. NO ABSTRACT. Alexander III, W. P. Analysis of Sequencing in Computer Programs and Systems. Care Technician Job Description And Schools! University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-74-35 (dissertation). August 1974. 92 pages.
NO ABSTRACT. DOWNLOAD tr74-35a.pdf tr74-35b.pdf tr74-35c.pdf. Anderson, J. W. Primitive Process Level Modeling and Simulation of a Multiprocessing Computer System. University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-74-32 (dissertation). May 1974. 123 pages. NO ABSTRACT. DOWNLOAD tr74-32a.pdf tr74-32b.pdf tr74-32c.pdf. Friedman, D. Management | Range Of Safety Management Template! P. Wiredchurches.com — Sample! Grope: a Graph Processing Language and Its Formal Definition.
University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# TR-73-20 (dissertation). August 1973. 136 pages. Templates | Range Template! NO ABSTRACT. Ragland, L. C. Template Pdf | Hr Advisor Resume! A Verified Program Verifier. University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Management Templates | Range! Report# TR-73-18 (dissertation). May 1973. 157 pages.
NO ABSTRACT. Boyer, Robert. Machine Locking: A Restriction Of Resolution. The University of Texas at Patient Care Technician Salary, And Schools, Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Safety | Range Template! Report# ATP-5 (dissertation). August 1971. 81 pages. Locking is a restriction of resolution which is somewhat similar to A-ordering but is more restrictive. It involves arbitrarily indexing with integers the Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg, literals in the clauses to be resolved; different occurrences of the same literal may be indexed differently. Resolution is Safety Management Templates | Range Of Safety, then permitted only on literals of lowest index in each clause.
The literals in Election Brochure Template, resolvents are indexed hereditarily (merging low when necessary). It is shown to be complete for Safety Management | Range first order logic. And Schools! Locking results in a significant reduction in the number of clauses generated (as compared with ordinary resolution). In this thesis locking is Management Plan | Range Of Safety Management, compared with other restrictions of resolution and Hr Advisor Resume, is shown to be incompatible with some. It is not compatible with linear format and merging, but this shortcoming seems to be more than compensated for Templates Of Safety Template by the fact that both clauses are restricted in every resolution. Several examples of locking derivations are given. Finally, a special application of locking to a troublesome transitivity axiom is Emergency Plan, de This dissertation has not been included in the microfiche collection. DiVito, Benedetto L. Verification Of Communications Protocols And Abstract Process Models. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# AI82-25 (dissertation). August 1982.
243 pages. Communications protocols are crucial for the reliable exchange of information in distributed systems. In this dissertation, we consider the problem of formally specifying and Management Management Template, verifying properties of protocol systems. Such systems are modeled by hierarchies of concurrent processes, where interprocess communication is achieved by message passing rather than through arbi trary shared variables. 2015 Hr Advisor Cover! Based on this model, a methodology is developed for mechanically assisted protocol analysis. The Gypsy methodology for concurrent program verification is the point of departure for | Range Of Safety Management Template much of this work. Specialized methods applicable to Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977, protocols are derived from the Safety Management Templates | Range Management, Gypsy methods. Behavior of protocol modules is specified in a fairly abstract manner using a state transition paradigm, thus avoiding a highly procedural form of specification. Protocol services are specified by means of assertions over message histories. Proof techniques are introduced for verifying safety properties of the proc. ss models.
In addition, a specification and assertion language is developed. This language emphasizes features and operations useful for expressing protocol oriented concepts and Calendar Template Pdf | Resume Cover, constructing proofs about them. An important aspect of this work is use of machine assisted analysis, most notably the use of Plan Templates | Range Template, mechanical theorem proving. A strategy for applying a particular automatic theorem prover, the Emergency Action Template | Eknom-Jo, Boyer-Moore prover, to protocol verification problems is put forth. A consequence of this strategy is the Management Plan Templates Of Safety Management Template, accumulation of a large body of proved lemmas, constituting a rudimentary deductive theory for — Sample Evaluation Form protocols. Plan Templates Of Safety Template! With this theory, the methodology has successfully been applied to a pair of Referral | Best Template, sample transport protocols. These include the Management Plan Of Safety, Stenning protocol and an abstraction of the data transfer function of Wiredchurches.com Leadership Evaluation, Tep. Alterman, Richard E. A System of Seven Coherence Relations for Hierarchically Organizing Event Concepts in Plan Of Safety, Text. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# AI82-1 (dissertation). December 1982.
A theory of event concept coherence is developed. It is shown that the pieces of event description which appear in a body of text can be gathered together and 2015 Pdf | Hr Advisor Resume, hierarchically organized using a dictionary of event/state concepts. This theory has been implemented in a computer system, NEXUS. Safety Management Templates | Range Template! The representations it produces are constructed in terms of seven coherence relations. The dictionary it uses was compiled from an analysis of ten folk tales. The seven coherence relations uused are class/subclass, sequence/subsequence, coordinate, antecedent, precedent, consequent and Wiredchurches.com — Sample Leadership Evaluation, sequel. Sequence/subsequence and coordinate are two kinds of whole/part relations. The other four relations are temporal; antecedent and precedent concepts come before an event, consequent and Safety Plan | Range Template, sequel concepts come after an event. Associations between concepts in the dictionary are also organized in terms of the seven coherence relations. Calendar 2015 Template Hr Advisor! Associated with the concepts in the dictionary are default values for Safety Management Plan Of Safety Management its case related arguments. Relationships between concepts in the dictionary are refined by Wiredchurches.com — Sample, attaching to each relationship in the dictionary a set of constraints on matching case arguments.
NEXUS uses the default values and the constraints to control the Plan | Range, representation building process. The flexibility of the representation scheme is demonstrated by applying it to several diverse examples of narrative text in the literature, including script and plan based stories and speech acts. The feasibility of NEXUS is shown by applying it to eight samples of text and discussing in Form, detail the results. The utility of the hierarchical representation produced by NEXUS is validated by experiments in question answering and summarizing. CS-TR-209. This dissertation has not been included in the microfiche collection. Tyson, W. Safety Plan Template! Mabry.
APRVR: A Priority-Ordered Agenda Theorem Prover. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# AI81-2 (dissertation). August 1981. — Sample Leadership Evaluation Form! This dissertation is concerned with research in automatic theorem proving by computers. Safety | Range! Discussed herein are issues involved with designing a natural deduction theorem proving system whose search is guided by the priorities assigned to the formulas it attempts to Salary, And Schools, prove and the methods used to prove them. A list of the Safety Plan, tasks to be done is kept in an agenda ordered by these priorities. A particular implementation of a priori ty-ordered agenda theorem prover, named APRVR, is described but the Care Technician Job Description, main purpose of the research is to explore the advantages and problems of using search strategy for theorem proving. The first chapter introduces theorem proving in general, and Safety Plan | Range Template, natural deduction theorem proving in particular. The need for a new combination of search strategy and control structure is motivated and the agenda-based system is shown to fill this need.
The objective of the research for Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977 this dissertation is set. Providing the groundwork for the later chapters, the second chapter describes the proof methods of Safety Templates | Range Management Template, t The examples given to APRVR are described in Chapter 5 and include some problems from symbolic logic, set theory and group theory. The final example is a linear real inequality that has never before been proved by machine. — Sample Evaluation! APRVR's performance on these examples is Management | Range, discussed. Example proofs are included in an appendix. The conclusions of this research are presented in the final chapter with some suggestions for future research with priority-ordered agenda theorem provers. ATP-66. This dissertation has not been included in Referral Email Template | Best, the microfiche collection.
Slocum, Jonathan. A Practical Comparison of Parsing Strategies for Machine Translation and Other Natural-Language Processing Purposes. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# AI81-1 (dissertation). 1981. Twelve parsing methods are compared in a practical setting, using three distinct grammars covering significant subsets of English, or German, in a series of experiments involving substantial texts drawn from independent sources. The purposes for which the various grammars were written and the approximate event of coverage for each grammar are described to support the Management Plan | Range Template, claim that the comparison is meaningful and indicative of Calendar Resume Letter, general, average-case performance. The parsing strategies and the measurement techniques are discussed in Management Plan | Range Of Safety Management, some detail.
The results are sometimes counter-intuitive, and differ from theoretical performance predictions. Discussion centers on the interpretation of the results, including how the choice of evaluation metric affects performance judgments. Technician Salary, Job Description! Conclusions are drawn about the relative efficiencies of | Range Management, these methods in real-world settings, and the significance of previous theoretical and idealized accounts of parser performance in light of the — Sample Leadership Form, results obtained. NL-41. This dissertation has not been included in the microfiche collection. Roach, J. W. Determining the Three-Dimensional Motion and Model of Objects from a Sequence of Images. The University of Safety Templates | Range Of Safety Management Template, Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# AI80-1 (dissertation). October 1980. 157 pages.
The goal of this dissertation is to determine precisely how an Care Technician And Schools object is moving in three-dimensional space and to determine the three-dimensional- relationship of points on Management Of Safety Template the surface of the object. The only information available is a sequence of photographic images taken as the object moves across the field of view. The problem can be broken down into two sub-problems: the problem of determining the correspondence of feature points in one image with feature points in the next image; and once the correspondence is established, the Template, mathematical analysis required to determine the model and Plan | Range Management Template, the movement. The correspondence problem, i.e., matching, is investigated using images of moving blocks. The corners of the blocks constitute the feature points to be put in correspondence between images. Several matching methods are combined into a hierarchy so that if one method fails another method can take over to help complete the Brochure Template Design, matching process. The top level of the hierarchy matches by searching for | Range Template feature points in the image of expected positions as computed from the expected movement of the object. The next hierarchy level matches an object by its position relative to other objects in Wiredchurches.com, the image, a property that is assumed to change only Management Templates Of Safety Template gradually.
The next hierarchy level matches a block's faces by relative position. Once faces have been matched, feature points bordering the faces not already matched by expected position can be put in Email Template | Best, correspondence. The mathematical analysis of the problem shows that there are an infinite number of Management Plan Templates, geometrically similar solutions, each solution differing from the others by a scaling factor. A specific solution can be found by Form, setting the Safety Management Plan Templates, scaling to an arbitrary number. Two views of six feature points or three views of four feature points are required to find the model and the movement. For good accuracy, however, considerably more points, two views of twelve or fifteen points for example, are needed.
Also available as TR80-02. Hare, Dwight Francis. A Structure Program for the Gypsy Verification Environment. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# AI79-16 (dissertation). August 1979. 112 pages. NO ABSTRACT.
Novak, Gordon S., Jr. Patient Technician Salary, Job Description And Schools! Computer Understanding of Physics Problems Stated in Natural Language. (Dissertation), also Technical Report NL-30. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Safety Plan Templates | Range Template! Report# AI76-nl30 (dissertation). March 1976. 120 pages. This thesis describes a computer program, called ISAAC, which can read, understand, solve, and Email Template | Best Business Template, draw pictures of physics problems stated in English. The program has solved twenty problems, most of which were taken unedited from high school and college physics texts. These problems involve rigid bodies in Plan Templates Of Safety Template, static equilibrium, and include such objects as levers, pivots, weights, ropes, and springs in various configurations.
An example of the class of Action Template, problems solved is the following (from Schaum's Outline of College The foot of a ladder rests against Plan Templates Template, a vertical wall and on a horizontal floor. The top of the | Best Template, ladder is supported from the wall by a horizontal rope 30 ft. long. The ladder is 50 ft. long, weighs 100 lb. with its center of gravity 20 ft. from the foot, and a 150 lb. man is 10 ft. from the top. Determine the tension in the rope. In order to understand and solve such a problem, it is necessary to build an internal model of the problem in which the various objects and their interrelationships are adequately represented. Many of the relationships and features of the objects are not specified explicitly in the problem statement, but must be inferred by using common sense knowledge of what is usual. In the above example, we assume that the man is standing on the ladder although this is Safety Management Plan Of Safety, not explicitly stated.
Thus, the understanding of a physics problem is an active process in which the sentences of the problem statement are used to Wiredchurches.com Leadership Evaluation, guide the construction of a mode which represents the relationships and features of objects with much greater detail and specificity than they are specified in the original problem statement. In this thesis, we investigate ways in which the meanings of phrases and sentences may be understood and related to Management | Range Template, a developing model of the Template Template, problem, using common sense knowledge (represented by computer programs) to aid the Management Of Safety Management, understanding process. Ways of representing objects and their relationships are developed. These representations, which are originally created in response to the sentences in the problem statement, are further elaborated by Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg, processes which construct a geometric model of the problem, associate canonical objects (such as a point mass) with physical objects (such as a person), write and solve equations which describe the interactions of the objects, and construct a diagram of the problem. The techniques used in ISAAC have potential application in providing a natural-language interface between specialist programs and Safety Management Of Safety Management Template, users who are not computer professionals, and in computer programs. for teaching physics and (977, other technical subjects. This dissertation has not been included in Safety Management Templates Of Safety, the microfiche.
Hendrix, Gary G. Partitioned Networks for the Mathematical Modeling of Natural-Language Semantics, also NL-28. The University of Texas at Care Technician Job Description, Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# AI75-1 (dissertation). Safety | Range Of Safety Management! 1975. The main concern of this dissertation is to advance a modeling scheme for use in artificially intelligent natural-language understanding which is capable of encoding knowledge about the world in a uniform, precise and Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg, easily manipulatable form. As a prerequisite to understanding, fundamental concepts such as time, space, relation and Safety Templates | Range Of Safety, change are formalized in terms of set-theoretic constructs. Properly utilized, such constructs provide the Patient Care Technician, basis for an abstract mathematical modeling of the nature of the world. Certain human-like organization schemes are imposed upon the set-theoretic models so that knowledge becomes grouped into bundles which are meaningful and convenient units for discourse. Plan Management! The organization schemes include a hierarchical classification, of objects and Salary, Job Description, the packaging of sets of related changes into units called processes. Processes are defined by Safety Management | Range Of Safety Management, process automata, structures capable of encoding discrete, continuous and parallel change.
In conjunction with the hierarchy, process automata may be used to describe certain objects (both events and physical objects) at multiple levels of (977, detail. Safety Plan | Range Of Safety Template! Further, such automata may encode linguistic processes such as parsing and generation procedures. To facilitate use by 2015 Resume Cover Letter, computers, the set-theoretic modeling scheme is mapped onto a network representation. This network representation provides easily accessible cross-linkage between semantically related pieces of information, thus facilitating algorithms which interrogate the information modeled in the network. A special network partitioning mechanism is Of Safety Management Template, used to delimit the scopes of quantified variables, to distinguish hypothetical and imaginary situations from reality, to encode the multiple, alternative worlds considered in planning, and to focus attention at particular levels of detail. The modeling scheme uses a single paradigm to encode information relating to all types of objects including psychical objects, situations, times, events, categories and processes. NL-28. This dissertation has not been included in Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977, the microfiche collection. Friedman, Daniel P. GROPE: A Graph Processing Language and its Formal Definition. The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Computer Sciences. Report# AI73-1 (dissertation).
August 1973. This dissertation concerns the design of a programming language for efficient processing of Safety Plan Of Safety Management Template, directed graph data structures and the precise formal definition of the semantics of the language designed. The design handles data structures and operations rather than control structures. This emphasis at the semantics level gives rise to a somewhat different view of the problem of formal definition. This research has resulted in the development of a graph processing language, GROPE, for Brochure Template efficient processing of directed graph structures.
GROPE embodies some major new ideas about representation and Safety Templates Management, processing of complex data structures. In addition, a new two-level definitional technique for programming semantics has been introduced. One level develops user-oriented semantics and the other develops implementation-oriented semantics. Care Technician And Schools! As an Safety Management | Range Of Safety illustration of this technique a major part of Patient Salary, Job Description And Schools, GROPE is formally defined. CS-TR-20.
This dissertation has not been included in Safety Management | Range Management, the microfiche collection.
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Alexandre promet de suivre ses conseils. Template | Best Business Template! Dernier affront de Darius : reclame Alexandre comme son serf. Plan | Range Of Safety Management! Ce dernier va au devant de lui et de le tuer pour de bon. Patient Care! 6-17 : Mort de Darius, venge par Alexandre : Avancee de l’armee grecque sur les terres de Darius qu’ils ravagent. Plan Templates | Range Template! On apprend que Darius est un TRES mauvais roi, qui a anoblit des fils de valets, qui persecutent ses chevaliers, tant et si bien que ces derniers vont abandonne Darius lorsqu’il va les appeler pour combattre Alexandre, a l’instar du roi de l’Inde, Porus. Darius maudit ses serfs qui le mene a sa perte, et jure de se venger s’il survit a la guerre. Brochure! « L’orgueil du serf est pire que le venin du crapaud », Liabatanas et Besas, deux de ses serviteurs, profite du fait que Darius soit deja blesse pour le tuer avant de s’enfuir. Management | Range Management Template! A l’agonie, Darius appelle Alexandre, lui demande de trouver un mari pour sa fille et lui dit de se mefier de ses serfs. Design! Il meurt, et Alexandre lui fait de belles funerailles en le pleurant beaucoup. Safety Plan Templates Of Safety Management Template! Il fait croire qu’il recompensera les assassins de Darius en leur mettant des bracelets aux bras et des colliers au cou. Patient Salary, Job Description And Schools! Ces derniers se presentent a lui mais n’auront droit qu’a des cordes pour bracelets, la hart au cou, et seront pendus au gibet : ainsi, Alexandre venge Darius.
Alexandre est donc maintenant maitre de la Perse. Templates | Range Management Template! 18-29 : Voyage sous-marin. Reprise de la route et entree dans les deserts d’Orient : grande souffrance pour les Grecs. Calendar Template Pdf | Hr Advisor Resume Cover Letter! Lorsqu’ils en sortent, Alexandre exprime son desir d’aller decouvrir la vie des habitants de la mer et demande a ses ouvriers verriers de lui construire un vaisseau en verre pour trois occupants (en fait, un tonneau !), avec des lampes pour pouvoir voir clair sous l’eau. Plan | Range Management Template! Au fond de l’eau, Alexandre « voit les grands poissons faire la guerre aux petits, les attraper et les devorer » et en conclut « que ce monde tout est perdu et damne ». Emergency Template | Eknom-Jo! Lorsqu’il retourne a l’air libre, il dit avoir beaucoup appris sur l’art de la chevalerie en regardant les poissons, a savoir qu’il faut user de force et de finesse dans un combat, et decide d’engager la bataille contre Porus et ses 10 000 hommes en Inde. Safety Templates Management Template! 30-47 : Premiere defaite de Porus. Plan Template! Porus confie sa fille cherie a la reine Candace pour qu’elle ne soit pas deshonoree par les Grecs, et pour qu’elle epouse le fils de la reine. La bataille commence, mais les Garamantes (guerriers nus) et les Parthes, qui font partis de l’armee de Porus, fuient. Plan Templates Of Safety! Serie de duels entre chevaliers, tout le monde defie tout le monde, ca se tape de partout, c’est une vraie boucherie, mais ce sont toujours les Grecs qui gagnent. Template! Porus et son armee s’enfuient jusqu’aux deserts de l’Inde. Plan Templates | Range Of Safety! Butin d’Alexandre : 400 elephants.
48-51 : Les merveilles du palais de Porus. Emergency Action Plan | Eknom-Jo! Palais tres riche, les fondations sont en or, une salle de bain de reve, des lits en or fin, plein de pierres precieuses partout. Safety Plan Of Safety! Une mosquee avec des statues de dieux en or massif. — Sample Leadership! Alexandre fait charger l’or et l’argent sur dix mille chevaux pour en donner a chacun de ses hommes afin de les remercier : « Seigneurs de Macedoine, je vous ai fait souffrir ! Je crains que vous ne soyez las de tant d’efforts ! Vous m’avez gagne des batailles, conquis de royaumes : j’en recolte la gloire, mais le merite vous en revient. Management Plan | Range Management! » 52-56 : La traversee du desert indien. Emergency Plan! Depart de l’armee a la poursuite de Porus, escortee par 150 guides de la region pour les mener en Bactriane, la terre de Porus. Plan Templates Of Safety Management! Mais, les guides sont en fait des ennemis et les emmenent par des deserts brulants, ou pullulent serpents et eaux ameres, afin de les decourager. L’armee souffre de la chaleur et de la soif. Calendar Pdf | Hr Advisor Resume Cover Letter! 56 a Zephirus trouve un peu d’eau et l’offre a Alexandre, mais celui-ci la jette, car il veut endurer la soif comme ses hommes, ce qui leur ote leur envie de boire . Management Plan | Range Of Safety Template! 59-61 a Croise une place forte dont les habitants sont a demi nus, pour l’attendre, il faut traverser un marais. Action Plan Template! Alexandre choisit 400 de ses meilleurs hommes pour le traverser mais ces derniers vont se faire devorer par les hippopotames. Management Of Safety Template! Furieux, Alexandre veut punir les traitres qui l’ont guides jusqu’ici : sur 150, il en jette 100 a l’eau. Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977! Rencontre de deux hommes, les gymnosophistes, qui lui indiquent la direction d’un etang d’eau douce, mais l’avertissent contre les animaux merveilleux et dangereux de l’Inde.
64-85 a Les monstres de l’Inde : rencontre une ourse qui vient de mettre bas, qui attaque et, alors qu’elle est blessee mortellement par un chevalier, pousse un cri qui ameute toutes les betes du pays, principalement des lions. Safety Management Templates Management! Grosse bataille et deroute de l’armee, qui se finit a la tombee de la nuit, lorsque les betes regagnent leurs tanieres. Referral Email | Best! L’armee repart tout de suite mais cette bande de boulets font sonner les trompettes et sont suivis par des betes (ours, lions, leopard, griffons ailes, couleuvre, crapaud, chat-huant) : des qu’un soldat s’ecarte un peu du groupe, il se fait devorer. Ils ont tous peur, mais ne peuvent s’enfuir. Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Template! L’arriere-garde de sire Clin se bat contre des grands serpents, a qui elle cause de lourds dommages. Calendar Template Pdf | Hr Advisor Resume Cover! Beaucoup de chevaliers se font enlever avec leurs chevaux par les chat-huants, plus grands que des vautours, « une seule de leurs ailes est plus grande qu’un drap de lit », Alexandre en a peur et couvre Bucephale d’un grand manteau pour le proteger. Safety | Range Of Safety Management! A l’aube, c’est au tour des chauve-souris d’etourdir les hommes. Calendar 2015 Template Cover Letter! A midi, ils parviennent a un etang, montent le campement et le soir, Alexandre fait allumer deux mille lampes tout autour. La nuit,« Les merveilles du desert » debarquent once again pour boire a l’etang : des lions, des cerastes, des scorpions, des souris indiennes « plus grosses que des renards », les reptiles gigantesques a tous tentent de passer a travers le feu, et sont soit crames, soit tues par les soldats, aussi des serpents a cretes grands comme des colonnes avec deux ou trois tetes, qui tuent 20 sergents et 30 serfs.
A l’aube, venue du Dentirant : les hommes d’Alexandre l’attaque mais la bete s’en moque, tue 27 chevaliers et blesse 52 sergents, puis s’enfonce dans l’eau, mais va finir par se faire avoir a coups de maillet. Safety Management Plan Template! Elle est depecee, ses os permettent de preparer un breuvage qui gueri toute blessure et protege de tout mal pendant un an. Referral Template | Best! Mais grosse betise : les os sont jetes dans l’etang. Templates! A l’aube, venue des nycticorax, « oiseaux bleus aux pattes noires et au bec de becasse, a la crete de coq et a la queue de paon, ils brillent plus que la glace et leur taille depasse celle des vautours », et qui devorent tous les poissons de l’etang: ils effraient beaucoup l’armee, qui, plutot que de les attaquer comme d’habitude, se fait ici toute petite. — Sample Leadership Evaluation! Enfin, avant de partir, venue de grandes troupes de couleuvres rayees au visage de femme et a la longue chevelure doree, portant une pierre lumineuse au milieu du front, pierre qui peut guerir les blessures. Safety Management Plan Of Safety Management Template! Les soldates les mettent en pieces mais au contact des pierres, elles se reconstituent et prennent la fuite. Form! Avant de partir, Alexandre fait mettre nus et ligoter les 50 derniers guides. On leur brise leurs jambes et sont laisses au bord de l’etang, en guise de lecon.
87-97 : Alexandre joue un tour a Porus. Safety Management Management! L’armee arrive enfin a Bactriane, terre de paturages. Wiredchurches.com — Sample Leadership! Or, au meme endroit, Porus et ses amis se sont refugies et, tout en admirant la prouesse d’Alexandre d’avoir echappe au desert, ils les observent en train d’installer leur campement. Safety Plan Templates | Range Of Safety! Porus conclut une treve de 20 jours avec Alexandre, et en echange, Porus proclame un marche ouvert a tous les Grecs, pour qu’ils se procurent des vivres, et ce qui lui permettra de connaitre en secret les dispositions et la conduite d’Alexandre. Action Template | Eknom-Jo! Mais ce dernier apprend la chose et se fait passer aupres de Porus pour le chambellan du roi et lui raconte qu’Alexandre est un vieillard frileux et infirme. Safety Management Plan Templates Of Safety Template! Porus, joyeux, fait rediger une lettre de menaces a l’encontre d’Alexandre, qu’il remet au faux chambellan. Patient Technician Job Description And Schools! Lorsqu’Alexandre rentre, lui et ses hommes se moquent de la credulite de Porus, et font la fete. Safety Templates | Range! 98-123 : Deuxieme defaite et reddition de Porus.
Armee de Porus : 37 rois, 50 ducs, 50 elephants, et Gog et Magog de la terre de Tus ont amene avec eux 40 000 hommes. Porus, cet andouille, fait dresser un chateau et se retrouve encercle, avec ses elephants coinces entre le mur et un fosse tres profond ! Inutile ! Heureusement pour lui, il dispose d’autres bataillons dans un pre (500 000 hommes, sans compter les combattants a pied). Calendar 2015 Pdf | Hr Advisor Resume Cover Letter! Premiere joute : Astarot de Nubie vs sire Clin. Safety Templates Of Safety Management Template! D’un coup, Clin coupe le bras d’Astarot ; a cette vue, les hommes de Porus chargent, et ceux d’Alexandre font de meme pour secourir Clin. Wiredchurches.com — Sample Leadership Evaluation! Grosse bataille, serie de duels mettant en scenes les douze pairs d’Alexandre (comme d’hab’!). Safety Management Templates Template! Litonas et Emenidus sont blesses, Porus de son cote fait des ravages dans le camp d’Alexandre. Form! Deuxieme joute : Porus vs Clin. Safety Plan Templates Of Safety Template! Clin finit a terre. Au tour de Tholome, Porus tombe a terre, lance son cri de ralliement, apercoit Alexandre et decouvre donc qu’on s’est moque de lui puisqu’il est jeune. Referral Business Template! Les grecs ont fait prisonnier 15 ducs et 7 rois, la bataille est finie et Porus depose les armes aux pieds d’Alexandre, le supplie de l’epargner.
Alexandre le prend en pitie et lui rend sa terre, ainsi que ses prisonniers. Safety Plan | Range Of Safety Management Template! 124-128 : Alors que Porus se rend, Gog et Magog s’enfuit avec leurs blesses et traitent Alexandre de fils de putain ne d’un enchanteur. Technician Salary, And Schools! Alexandre l’apprend, les poursuit et fait fermer le tunnel des monts de Tus par lequel les deux traitres se sont engouffres, de sorte qu’ils ne puissent plus jamais en sortir. Safety Plan Templates Of Safety! 129-136 : Lecon d’Alexandre a Porus sur les devoirs d’un roi. Template | Best Template! Porus prete allegeance a Alexandre et veut lui donner tous ses tresors. Management | Range Of Safety! Le roi ne veut pas de richesse et lui explique qu’un bon roi ne doit pas etre cupide et quand faisant preuve de largesse envers ses soldats, on Emergency Action Plan Template gagne leur amour et leur fidelite. Management Templates | Range Of Safety Management! C’est ca le vrai pouvoir. 137-147 : Les bornes d’Hercule. Care Technician And Schools! Nouveau projet d’Alexandre : entre dans les deserts merveilleux, conquerir l’Egypte jusqu’a la mer Rouge et prendre Babylone. Safety Plan Templates Of Safety! Porus lui fournit les vivres et les hommes de Bactriane lui serviront de guides (obliges, sinon Porus les menace de les faire perir par le feu).
Ils arrivent « aux bornes d’Arthur » en cinq jours et y trouve 2 statues d’or representant Arthur et Liber. Referral Business! Porus essaie de dissuader Alexandre de les depasser, le peril est trop grand au-dela. Safety | Range Management! Le lendemain, Alexandre et ses hommes passent devant les statues et entrent dans les marais : hallelujah, ils sont vivants et veulent feter cela en dinant ! Mais des elephants debarquent : les Grecs les font fuir et les tuent pour recolter l’ivoire. Calendar 2015 Pdf | Hr Advisor Resume! Porus finit par convaincre Alexandre de rebrousser chemin car le marecage est trop profond: ils font un sacrifice de 63 vaches devant les statues pour celebrer les calendes du mois. Management Plan Template! L’armee prend une autre route sur la gauche, une grosse bete les attaque et tue 37 chevaliers avant d’etre tuee. Emergency Action! Ils franchissent les bornes une nouvelle fois, et les Ichtyophages, des hommes nus et tres velus de 12 pieds de haut qui peuvent vivre 1 mois entier sous l’eau, se presentent devant eux mais fuient rapidement.
148-163 : Le Val perilleux. Management Plan Templates Of Safety Management! Meteo changeante en une seule journee: soleil, pluie, neige, soleil, orage. Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977! L’armee entre dans une vallee verdoyante, en fait le tour et ne peut en sortir. Safety Management Plan Templates! La seule solution (gravee sur une pierre treees ancienne) : il faut qu’un seul reste pour que l’armee soit sauvee et puisse partir. — Sample Evaluation! Malgre la forte desapprobation de ses hommes, qui « se pament de douleur dans le sable, dechirant leurs pelisses d’hermine », Alexandre se sacrifie et reste seul avec Bucephale dans le Val perilleux. Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Management! Peu apres que l’armee soit partie, c’est l’apocalypse : les tenebres envahissent la vallee, le tonnerre gronde, la montagne s’ebranle, le vallon repand une odeur pestilentielle. Referral Email Template Business Template! Alexandre sur son rocher a peur, regrette Emenidus, et attend la mort. Safety Management Templates | Range Of Safety! Autour de lui, plein de monstres contre qui il doit se battre : des dragons, des grands serpents, des demons grimacants, qui disparaissent au matin.
Il se met a explorer la vallee avec Bucephale et entre dans une grotte, dans laquelle il tombe sur un demon coince sous une pierre. Il conclut un pacte avec lui : le demon lui montre la sortie et Alexandre le delivre. Wiredchurches.com — Sample Leadership! Il finit donc par sortir du vallon et retrouve ses hommes, qui, de joie, « le saisissent par ou ils peuvent et lui mettent en pieces sa tunique de soie ». Templates | Range Of Safety! Bande de groupies ! 164-166 : Les filles de l’eau. Leadership! Retour vers l’aventure, en direction de l’aventure et rencontre des filles de l’eau, femmes resplendissantes, qui n’ont pour seule vetement que leur chevelure, et qui vivent dans l’eau comme des poissons. Management Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Template! Certains soldats, sous le charme, veulent s’unir a elles, chose qui va les mener a la mort puisqu’elles les entrainent au fond de l’eau. Action Plan! 4 rescapes neanmoins vont conter l’histoire a Alexandre, et ce dernier va interdire a quiconque de rejoindre ses filles-la, sous peine de pendaison. Safety Management Templates Template! 167-178 : Les trois fontaines de jouvence, d’immortalite et de resurrection. Rencontre de 4 vieillards, « dont le plus petit mesurait 14 pieds de haut.
Ils etaient velus comme des ours, avec des poils durs et piquants, des cornes comme celles des cerfs sur le front, noirs comme mure, les yeux luisants », et plus rapide que des chevaux (hormis Bucephale). Care Technician Salary,! Ils sont captures, et Alexandre leur demande qui ils sont et ou ils vont, sous peine de mise a mort par le feu ou par ecartelement. Templates Template! Les vieillards lui revele l’existence de 3 fontaines magiques : la fontaine de jouvence a un homme de 140 qui se baigne retrouve ses 30 ans, la fontaine de l’immortalite a n’apparait qu’une fois par an, la fontaine de resurrection a le mort doit etre place pendant 4 jours a cote de la fontaine, doit etre asperger d’un peu d’eau, et sera ressuscite le 5 eme jour. Action Plan Template! Alexandre en veut la preuve, et contre une forte recompense, prend les vieillards pour guides. Safety Templates Of Safety Management Template! 1 ere fontaine : celle de la resurrection, les poissons qu’ils voulaient manger le soir tomber dans la fontaine et ressuscitent. 2015 Template Hr Advisor Resume Cover Letter! Alexandre construit une tour fortifiee pour pouvoir y revenir. Safety Management Of Safety Template! 3 jours plus tard, decouverte d’une autre fontaine(pas magique!) et l’armee s’installe autour. Email Template | Best Business! Alexandre envoie 500 de ses hommes aller chercher la derniere fontaine mais personne ne doit s’y baigner.
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Alexandre ordonne a Porus de partir de sons cote avec le reste de l’armee et de l’attendre en Inde. 14 jours de marche pour arriver aux arbres : Alexandre s’avance avec 300 Macedoniens mais un pretre se leve a son arrivee : il est velu comme un ours, nu, a des pierres precieuses de l’Euphrate qui pendent a ses oreilles, est noir comme le charbon, a des dents de chien, et mesure 15 pieds de haut a Alexandre pense que c’est Satan. (977! Parole du pretre : seul un homme vierge peut s’avancer et toucher les arbres. Management Templates Template! « Il te suffit de penser la question que tu veux poser, et sur toutes ces pensees la verite te sera repondue, sans que tu aies a prononcer un seul mot. Election Template! » Prophetie des arbres : « Jamais tu n’as ete vaincu, jamais tu ne le seras, et si tu crains de mourir a la guerre, tu as bien tort. Plan Of Safety Management! Dans un an Wiredchurches.com — Sample Leadership Form et sept mois tu iras a Babylone. Management Templates | Range Template! Tu y entreras au debut de mai, et tu ne vivras pas un seul jour au-dela de ce mois. Patient Technician Job Description And Schools! Tu seras le maitre du monde et tu mourras empoisonne. Safety Management Template! » + lui annonce que sa mere a couvert son pere de deshonneur et mourra dans la honte sans etre pleuree et sans sepulture. Ses s?urs seront loyales, fideles a leur epoux et auront une mort honorable. Leadership Evaluation Form! Le renom d’Aristote, quant a lui, sera eternel. Plan | Range Of Safety Management Template! Alexandre et son armee pleurent beaucoup, tout le monde est aneanti par le chagrin, mais Alexandre se rasserene pour consoler sa troupe : il n’a rien a craindre jusqu’a sa mort et peut conquerir encore beaucoup de terres. Patient Care Salary, And Schools! Ils s’en vont retrouver Porus et le reste de l’armee en Inde. Safety Plan | Range Management! 217-240 : Rebellion et mort de Porus.
Lorsqu’il rejoint Porus, Alexandre ne lui dit rien, hormis qu’il sera le maitre du monde. Patient Technician Salary, And Schools! Mais Porus voit bien que tout le monde est en deuil, se dit qu’Alexandre va donc bientot mourir et veut avoir l’occasion de se venger de lui. Management Plan Of Safety Management! Il pousse ses hommes propres hommes a insulter ceux d’Alexandre. Leadership Form! Alexandre essaie de le ramener a la raison mais Porus defie Alexandre : DUEL ! Le combat commence a cheval, Alexandre met a terre Porus, mais celui-ci se releve et tranche les jarrets de Bucephale. Safety Templates | Range Management Template! Alexandre se precipite alors vers Porus et le blesse a trois reprises, si bien que Porus en tombe presque evanoui dans les bras d’Alexandre, il s’avoue vaincu et lui remet 30 otages.
Comme ils etaient amis, Alexandre lui laisse du temps pour qu’il guerisse. Il pleure Bucephale, le depece et fait creuser une fosse profonde pour l’enterrer, au-dessus de laquelle il construit une cite qu’il nomme Bucephala la haute et qu’il donne a Ariste. Election Brochure! 20 jours plus tard, Porus est gueri, et le combat peut reprendre. Safety Management Plan Templates Template! Avant, Alexandre jure de donner les terres de Porus a Ariste et de venger Bucephale. Action Plan | Eknom-Jo! Le matin du combat, Porus insulte Alexandre en le traitant en face de fils d’enchanteur. Plan Templates | Range Management Template! Alexandre monte le cheval de Tholome.
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Ils se mettent en route pour Babylone. Plan | Range Of Safety Management! 246-271 : Alexandre et la reine Candace. 2015 Template Pdf | Hr Advisor! Depart d’Alexandre pour Babylone. | Range Of Safety Management Template! La rumeur de l’invinsibilite d’Alexandre se repend en Orient jusqu’aux oreilles de la reine Candace qui en tombe follement amoureuse. Emergency Action Plan | Eknom-Jo! Elle lui fait des avances en lui envoyant des presents. Plan Templates Of Safety Management Template! Ses messages lui rapportent ensuite « que le roi Alexandre l’aime plus qu’aucune femme mortelle. Wiredchurches.com — Sample Leadership! » Elle lui renvoie un destrier de prix et charge son peintre Apelle de lui faire en secret le portrait d’Alexandre grandeur nature, qu’elle placera ensuite dans sa chambre. Safety Plan | Range Template! Au meme moment, Candeolus, fils de Candace, fait route avec sa femme pour aller celebrer une fete en l’honneur de la deesse Lucine, quand il rencontre le duc de Palatine qui enleve sa femme.
Candeolus veut aller se plaindre a Alexandre mais c’est Tholome qu’il va prendre pour le roi des rois. Patient Care Technician And Schools! Alexandre et Tholome vont joues le jeu, et Alexandre va se faire passer pour Antigonus et va aller delivrer lui-meme la femme de Candeolus, brulant au passage la cite de Palatine. Plan Of Safety! Candeolus remercie Tholome et ce dernier lui annonce qu’il voudrait rencontrer sa mere et qu’il lui enverra un messager pour cela, a savoir : Alexandre-Antigonus ! La reine reconnait Alexandre et pour en etre sure l’emmene dans sa chambre pour comparer son visage avec le tableau, puis lui annonce qu’elle connait son secret mais veut bien garder ce secret cacher aux yeux du monde, pour peu qu’il veuille bien l’aimer. Brochure! Ils s’enlacent, « ils sont heureux ensemble, pleins de joie et d’amour. Sur un beau lit pare ils restent couches une demi-journee », puis Alexandre prend conge et guide par Candeolus, il retourne a son campement avec plein de presents. Safety Management Templates Template! 272-273 : Depart pour Babylone. Email Template Template! « De bon matin, il se met en route vers sa mort » et promet a chacun de ses pairs de leurs donner sous peu un royaume a chacun. Plan Templates Of Safety Template! 274-282 : Voyage aerien. Wiredchurches.com Leadership Form! Arrivee en Scythie, « terre sauvage, horrible et hideuse », ou vivent les griffons. Lorsque Alexandre les voit, il veut en faire capturer une vingtaine pour qu’ils l’emportent dans le ciel, au moyen notamment d’une loge recouverte de cuir que lui ont construit ses charpentiers. Safety Templates | Range Of Safety Management Template! Alexandre s’installe a l’interieur et les griffons sont appates avec de la viande fraiche, et pendant qu’ils mangent, Alexandre reussit a en attacher 7 ou 8 a la nacelle. Patient Care Technician Salary,! Se sentant attaches, les oiseaux tirent sur les cordages, et Alexandre les appate encore avec de la viande pour qu’ils s’envolent haut dans les airs (astuce de la carotte pour faire avancer l’ane).
Plus il monte haut au-dessus des nuages, plus la chaleur devient excessive, voire brulante. Management Templates Of Safety Management! Alexandre a peur que les oiseaux cessent de voler et tombent, il les guide donc vers la terre ferme. Election Template! Lorsqu’il tranche les liens des griffons, ceux-ci font beaucoup de degats parmi ses hommes avant de s’enfuir. Safety Management Plan Templates Management Template! Alexandre souffre de la chaleur, il a tout vu, il ne lui manque que Babylone. Emergency Action Plan! 283-344 : Premiere bataille de Babylone. Management | Range Management! Sur le chemin de Babylone, l’armee devaste tout et se sert sur la terre de l’emir de Babylone. (977! Un de ses espions vient le prevenir de la venue d’Alexandre et de son armee, qui est bien equipee. Plan Of Safety! Apres avoir passe les eaux du Chaboras, l’armee dresse son campement et Alexandre ordonne qu’on ne vole rien aux paysans voisins. Premiere bataille de Babylone. 2015 Pdf | Resume Cover! L’emir defie Alexandre, qui met le siege devant Babylone.
Pendant qu’Alexandre set a la chasse, l’emir lance une escarmouche contre le camp grec mais doit reculer. Safety | Range Of Safety! Le lendemain, les fourriers d’Alexandre partent en razzia dans le val de Daniel sous la garde de quelques chevaliers et sont attaques. Patient Care Salary,! Tholome cherche en vain un messager pour aller demander du secours. Management Plan Of Safety Template! La bataille s’engage mais Clin se decide a prevenir Alexandre, qui vole au secours de ses hommes et contraint l’emir a se refugier derriere ses murs. Emergency Action Plan Template | Eknom-Jo! 345-424 : Seconde bataille de Babylone et mort de l’emir. Safety Management Plan | Range Management Template! Les Grecs occupent les terres au nord de Babylone sur trois lieues environ et tout le monde se rallient a Alexandre pour sa generosite et sa justice. Les 12 pairs sont les biens les plus precieux d’Alexandre et a Tholome il fait don de « la reine d’Egypte avec toutes ses richesses et les chateaux qui assurent la domination du pays ». Calendar Template Pdf | Hr Advisor Resume! Nouveau destrier d’Alexandre : Albain.
Deuxieme siege de Babylone. Plan | Range Of Safety Management! L’emir appelle un devin et va faire un sacrifice au temple d’Apollin. Template Pdf | Hr Advisor Resume Letter! L’oracle lui annonce la mort prochaine d’Alexandre mais sans lui en donner les circonstances. Safety Templates | Range! Sorin roi des Almovarides, Phares maitre de l’Egypte, Macabrun roi de Nubie et Saligot roi de Saba lui conseillent de livrer bataille, de ne pas abdiquer et d’envoyer une lettre a Alexandre pour exiger qu’il quitte le pays et qu’il reponde a un defi lance par l’emir. Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg! Acarin et Samson, 2 chevaliers de sa maison, apporte la lettre a Alexandre. Safety Management Plan Templates | Range Management! A sa lecture, Alexandre promet en riant de livrer bataille devant Babylone le lendemain et de prendre la cite et la tour de Babel, ainsi que de couper la tete de l’emir. Patient Care Technician Salary, Job Description And Schools! Acarin et Samson rapportent sa reponse a l’emir. Safety Management Of Safety Management! Macabrun veut engager le combat mais Saligot suggere de la jouer plus finement en proposant de conclure une paix avantageuse pour Alexandre, avec par exemple un mariage avec la fille de l’emir. Crates, duc de Medie, est du meme avis que Macabrun et tout le monde se rallie a lui.
La guerre commence. Wiredchurches.com — Sample Leadership Form! Tholome vs Macabrun (et Crates) : 500 chevaliers contre 1 000 sarrasins (ou 2 000 ou 10 000, ca change tout le temps !). Of Safety Management Template! Duel. Patient Care Technician Salary, And Schools! Tholome a l’avantage, traine Macabrun sur le sol en le tirant par le nasal de son heaume mais le lache en voyant les 1 000 face a lui, pousse son cri de ralliement, a l’attaque ! Crates est blesse par Pindarus, les 1000 sont repousses par les 500. Safety Templates | Range! Compagnies de l’emir a 1 : Crates et Macabrun, 2 : Phares, 3 : Moral, 4 : Soudain (ou Sorin), 5 : Saligot, 6 : Alain (ou Acarin) et Samson, 7 : l’emir. Compagnies d’Alexandre a 1 : Clin, 2 : Perdicas, 3 : Filote, 4 : Ariste, 5 : Antigonus, avant-garde : Tholome. Calendar 2015 Hr Advisor Resume Letter! Alexandre commande le reste. Safety Management Management! 2000 chevaliers fondent sur les 500 de Tholome, mais sire Clin vient le secourir avec 1000 chevaliers. Election Brochure Template Design! Clin tranche la cervelle de Sorin, Perdicas transperce Saragon de sa lance, Filote blesse Phares, Macabrun est contusionne et s’enfuit avec Crates et ses 1000 hommes qui ne veulent plus combattre. Templates | Range Management! Saligot et ses 10 000 hommes infligent de nombreux degats chez les Grecs mais Ariste le blesse cruellement. Care Technician Salary, And Schools! Saligot prend peur, quitte la bataille et appelle le medecin Hippocrate pour qu’il le soigne.
L’emir va a son tour dans la bataille, car il fait confiance a la prophetie d’Apollin. Plan Templates Of Safety Management Template! Tholome tue Acarin. Brochure Design! L’emir blesse Filote. Safety Management Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Management Template! La bataille est violente, c’est la plus prodigieuse qu’on n’ait jamais vu d’apres le narrateur. Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977! Macabrun est de retour sur le champ de bataille mais Tholome le frappe si violemment qu’il tombe de cheval et s’evanouit 4 fois de suite avant de mourir. Safety Plan | Range! Le roi se joint au combat et blesse mortellement l’emir, puis lui tranche la tete. Wiredchurches.com Leadership Form! L’armee babylonienne est en deroute et Tholome va planter l’enseigne d’Alexandre a la tour de Babylone.
La bataille est finie, Alexandre donne l’ordre de ne plus tuer qui que ce soit, on Management Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Management Template va chercher les morts. Care Technician Salary,! Alexandre fait de belles funerailles a ses hommes et jettent le corps des soldats ennemis dans un charnier. Safety Management Of Safety Template! Les depouilles des rois ennemis et de l’emir sont embaumees, et Alexandre lui fait construire un tombeau, « le plus beau du monde » a longue description du tombeau de l’emir(laisses 420-424), qui contient des harpes, et dont la tombe meme etait une emeraude verte taillee aux dimensions du corps. Alexandre fait interdire l’acces au tombeau, et les gens du pays ne vont que jusqu’au 4 entrees pour donner un coup de marteau afin d’ecouter le chant des harpes. Calendar 2015 Template Hr Advisor Resume Cover! 425-450 : Alexandre et les Amazones. Safety Plan Templates | Range Management Template! Apres la prise de Babylone, Alexandre souhaite etre couronne roi et proclame maitre du monde dans une quinzaine de jours. Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg! Mais Samson, qui a survecu, lui parle d’une terre qu’il aurait du mal a conquerir : le pays des Amazones, « un royaume encercle par un fleuve et entierement habite par des femmes ». Templates Of Safety! Elles n’en sortent qu’une fois par an Wiredchurches.com Leadership Form pour procreer, si c’est un garcon, elles le laissent a leur pere, si c’est une fille elles la gardent avec elles. Plan Templates! Alexandre veut partir des le lendemain mais Samson le met en garde : ce sont de puissantes guerrieres. Emergency Template | Eknom-Jo! Samson devient son vassal, Alexandre donne conge a 20 000 fantassins, qui viendront lui porter secours en cas de besoin et emmene avec lui Samson, Ariste, Filote, Perdicas et Caulus. Management Plan Management Template! Licanor reste pour garder Babylone. Action! Au bout de 15 jours, « il fait monter son pavillon a une journee de route de son but » et envoie un espion chercher comment traverser le fleuve.
Au meme moment, la reine des Amazones a une vision d’un aigle attaquant une paonne et ses paonneaux, vision qui sera interprete ainsi : la paonne est la reine et l’aigle un roi qui veut l’arracher de son royaume. Safety Management Templates | Range Of Safety Management! On conseille a la reine de ne pas combattre mais de se resigner pour echapper a la mort. Template Design! Une messagere lui annonce la venue d’Alexandre. | Range Management! La reine lui envoie des presents portes par 2 jeunes vierges, Flore et Beaute, pour lui demander de ne pas saccager l’ile, et lui proposant de lui en offrir de meme tous les ans. Care Technician Job Description And Schools! Flore et Beaute sont conduits par Clin et Ariste jusqu’a Alexandre; en chemin, Flore et Clin s’offrent leur amour, et Ariste et Beaute de meme de leur cote. Safety | Range Management Template! Alexandre accepte que le pays des Amazones soit sous sa domination mais renonce au tribut, la reine s’etant suffisamment humiliee pour lui. Il ne demande qu’a etre seigneur du royaume et que la reine lui rende hommage. Plan! Clin et Ariste demandent Flore et Beaute en mariage devant Alexandre, qui acceptent de les unir.
Alexandre envoie chercher la reine (qui s’appelle Aimable). Safety Management Templates | Range Management! Elle sort de ses terres avec 1 000 demoiselles, montre a Alexandre comment elles portent les arment puis prend conge de lui. Template! 451-457 : Second complot d’Antipater et Divinuspater. Safety Management Templates | Range! Alexandre rejoint Babylone en 10 jours pour recevoir sa couronne et recoit une lettre de sa mere Olympias, lui revelant qu’Antipater et de Divinuspater sont de mauvais seigneurs et qu’elle est persuadee qu’ils complotent contre lui. Alexandre, avant d’accomplir une quelconque vengeance contre eux, veut d’abord verifier si sa mere dit vrai. — Sample Leadership Evaluation! Les deux hommes, en fait, n’avaient pas voulu venir, et Alexandre les somme d’arriver au plus vite en leur envoyant un messager. Management Plan! Furieux, ils sont obliges de se mettre en route et projettent de l’empoisonner avant 40 jours, car ils ne parviendront jamais a le tuer par la force. Election Brochure Design! Ils emportent avec eux le venin d’un serpent : « quand un homme l’avale, il ne sent rien pendant 8 jours. Safety Plan Templates Management Template! Mais ensuite, il devient malade et rend l’ame le 10 eme jour ». Patient Salary, Job Description! Ils font le serment de garder le secret. Safety Management Templates | Range Of Safety Template! Le jour ou ils arrivent a Babylone, Alexandre est sense etre couronne le lendemain. Referral Email Template | Best! 1-3 : Naissance d’un monstre a Babylone.
4-11 : Empoisonnement d’Alexandre. Safety Plan Templates | Range Template! 12-33 : Alexandre partage son empire entre les 12 pairs avant de mourir. Patient Care Salary,! 34-59 : Plaintes de Roxane, des 12 pairs et d’Aristote. 60-63 : Transport du corps a Alexandrie. Safety Plan Of Safety! 64-70 : Description du tombeau.
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essay dream have DREAMS HAVE A MEANING. an essay by Sigmund Freud. In what we may term prescientific days people were in no uncertainty about the interpretation of dreams. When they were recalled after awakening they were regarded as either the friendly or hostile manifestation of some higher powers, demoniacal and Divine.
With the Safety Management Plan Of Safety rise of Template, scientific thought the whole of this expressive mythology was transferred to psychology; to-day there is but a small minority among educated persons who doubt that the dream is the dreamer's own psychical act. But since the downfall of the Safety Templates mythological hypothesis an interpretation of the Calendar 2015 Hr Advisor Resume dream has been wanting. The conditions of its origin; its relationship to our psychical life when we are awake; its independence of disturbances which, during the state of sleep, seem to compel notice; its many peculiarities repugnant to our waking thought; the incongruence between its images and the feelings they engender; then the dream's evanescence, the way in Safety Plan | Range Management Template, which, on awakening, our thoughts thrust it aside as something bizarre, and Letter, our reminiscences mutilating or rejecting it#151;all these and many other problems have for many hundred years demanded answers which up till now could never have been satisfactory. Before all there is the question as to the meaning of the dream, a question which is in itself double-sided. Safety Management Plan Templates | Range Template. There is, firstly, the psychical significance of the dream, its position with regard to the psychical processes, as to 2015 Pdf | a possible biological function; secondly, has the dream a meaning#151;can sense be made of Management Templates | Range, each single dream as of Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg, other mental syntheses? Three tendencies can be observed in the estimation of dreams. Many philosophers have given currency to one of these tendencies, one which at the same time preserves something of the dream's former over-valuation. The foundation of dream life is for them a peculiar state of psychical activity, which they even celebrate as elevation to some higher state.
Schubert, for Management Templates | Range Management, instance, claims: The dream is the liberation of the spirit from the Election Brochure Template pressure of external nature, a detachment of the soul from the fetters of matter. Not all go so far as this, but many maintain that dreams have their origin in real spiritual excitations, and Safety Plan Template, are the outward manifestations of spiritual powers whose free movements have been hampered during the day (Dream Phantasies, Scherner, Volkelt). A large number of Wiredchurches.com — Sample Leadership Evaluation, observers acknowledge that dream life is capable of extraordinary achievements#151;at any rate, in certain fields (Memory). In striking contradiction with this the Safety Of Safety majority of Pdf | Cover, medical writers hardly admit that the dream is Safety | Range Of Safety a psychical phenomenon at all. According to them dreams are provoked and initiated exclusively by stimuli proceeding from the Email Template | Best Business Template senses or the body, which either reach the sleeper from without or are accidental disturbances of his internal organs. The dream has no greater claim to Safety Management Plan Templates | Range Of Safety meaning and importance than the sound called forth by the ten fingers of Action Plan Template | Eknom-Jo, a person quite unacquainted with music running his fingers over the keys of an instrument. The dream is to be regarded, says Binz, as a physical process always useless, frequently morbid. All the Management Templates | Range Template peculiarities of dream life are explicable as the incoherent effort, due to some physiological stimulus, of certain organs, or of the cortical elements of a brain otherwise asleep. But slightly affected by Technician Job Description scientific opinion and untroubled as to the origin of Plan Of Safety Template, dreams, the popular view holds firmly to the belief that dreams really have got a meaning, in Salary,, some way they do foretell the Of Safety Management Template future, whilst the meaning can be unravelled in some way or other from its oft bizarre and enigmatical content. The reading of dreams consists in replacing the events of the dream, so far as remembered, by other events. This is done either scene by scene, according to Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977 some rigid key, or the Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Template dream as a whole is replaced by something else of Patient Care And Schools, which it was a symbol.
Serious-minded persons laugh at Safety Management Of Safety Management these efforts#151;Dreams are but sea-foam! One day I discovered to my amazement that the popular view grounded in superstition, and not the medical one, comes nearer to the truth about dreams. I arrived at new conclusions about dreams by the use of a new method of (977, psychological investigation, one which had rendered me good service in Management Plan Management, the investigation of Election Brochure Template, phobias, obsessions, illusions, and the like, and which, under the name psycho-analysis, had found acceptance by a whole school of investigators. The manifold analogies of dream life with the most diverse conditions of Safety Plan Templates Of Safety Template, psychical disease in Plan, the waking state have been rightly insisted upon by a number of medical observers. It seemed, therefore, a priori, hopeful to apply to the interpretation of Plan Templates Template, dreams methods of investigation which had been tested in psychopathological processes.
Obsessions and Election Brochure Template Design, those peculiar sensations of haunting dread remain as strange to normal consciousness as do dreams to our waking consciousness; their origin is as unknown to consciousness as is that of dreams. It was practical ends that impelled us, in these diseases, to Safety Management fathom their origin and formation. Experience had shown us that a cure and a consequent mastery of the obsessing ideas did result when once those thoughts, the connecting links between the morbid ideas and Referral Template | Best Template, the rest of the psychical content, were revealed which were heretofore veiled from consciousness. The procedure I employed for the interpretation of Of Safety, dreams thus arose from psychotherapy. This procedure is readily described, although its practice demands instruction and experience.
Suppose the patient is suffering from intense morbid dread. He is requested to direct his attention to the idea in question, without, however, as he has so frequently done, meditating upon Email it. Every impression about it, without any exception, which occurs to him should be imparted to the doctor. The statement which will be perhaps then made, that he cannot concentrate his attention upon anything at Safety Templates | Range Management Template all, is to be countered by assuring him most positively that such a blank state of mind is utterly impossible. As a matter of fact, a great number of impressions will soon occur, with which others will associate themselves. These will be invariably accompanied by the expression of the observer's opinion that they have no meaning or are unimportant. It will be at — Sample Leadership Evaluation Form once noticed that it is this self-criticism which prevented the patient from imparting the ideas, which had indeed already excluded them from consciousness. If the patient can be induced to abandon this self-criticism and to pursue the trains of thought which are yielded by concentrating the attention, most significant matter will be obtained, matter which will be presently seen to be clearly linked to the morbid idea in Safety Management Plan Templates Of Safety Management, question. Its connection with other ideas will be manifest, and later on will permit the replacement of the morbid idea by a fresh one, which is perfectly adapted to psychical continuity. This is not the place to Evaluation Form examine thoroughly the hypothesis upon Safety Management Plan | Range Of Safety which this experiment rests, or the deductions which follow from its invariable success.
It must suffice to state that we obtain matter enough for Emergency Template | Eknom-Jo, the resolution of every morbid idea if we especially direct our attention to the unbidden associations which disturb our thoughts#151;those which are otherwise put aside by the critic as worthless refuse. If the procedure is exercised on | Range Of Safety Management oneself, the best plan of helping the experiment is to write down at Emergency Template | Eknom-Jo once all one's first indistinct fancies. I will now point out where this method leads when I apply it to the examination of dreams. Any dream could be made use of in Safety Management Templates | Range Of Safety Management, this way. From certain motives I, however, choose a dream of my own, which appears confused and meaningless to my memory, and one which has the Election Template advantage of brevity.
Probably my dream of Safety Plan | Range Management, last night satisfies the requirements. Template | Best Template. Its content, fixed immediately after awakening, runs as follows: Company; at table or table d'hôte. Spinach is served. Mrs. E.L., sitting next to me, gives me her undivided attention, and places her hand familiarly upon my knee. In defence I remove her hand. Then she says: 'But you have always had such beautiful eyes.'. I then distinctly see something like two eyes as a sketch or as the contour of Templates | Range Of Safety Management, a spectacle lens.
This is the Wiredchurches.com Leadership whole dream, or, at all events, all that I can remember. It appears to me not only obscure and meaningless, but more especially odd. Safety Plan. Mrs. E.L. is a person with whom I am scarcely on visiting terms, nor to my knowledge have I ever desired any more cordial relationship. Patient Care Technician Job Description And Schools. I have not seen her for a long time, and do not think there was any mention of her recently. No emotion whatever accompanied the dream process. Reflecting upon this dream does not make it a bit clearer to my mind.
I will now, however, present the ideas, without premeditation and without criticism, which introspection yielded. Safety | Range Of Safety Template. I soon notice that it is an advantage to break up the dream into its elements, and to search out the ideas which link themselves to each fragment. Company; at table or table d'hôte. The recollection of the slight event with which the evening of yesterday ended is at once called up. Patient Technician. I left a small party in the company of a friend, who offered to drive me home in his cab. Templates | Range Of Safety. I prefer a taxi, he said; that gives one such a pleasant occupation; there is always something to look at. When we were in the cab, and Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977, the cab-driver turned the disc so that the first sixty hellers were visible, I continued the jest. We have hardly got in and we already owe sixty hellers. The taxi always reminds me of the table d'hôte.
It makes me avaricious and selfish by continuously reminding me of my debt. It seems to me to mount up too quickly, and I am always afraid that I shall be at a disadvantage, just as I cannot resist at Plan Templates table d'hôte the comical fear that I am getting too little, that I must look after myself. In far-fetched connection with this I quote: To earth, this weary earth, ye bring us, To guilt ye let us heedless go. Another idea about the table d'hôte. Evaluation Form. A few weeks ago I was very cross with my dear wife at the dinner-table at a Tyrolese health resort, because she was not sufficiently reserved with some neighbors with whom I wished to have absolutely nothing to Safety Of Safety Management Template do. Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977. I begged her to occupy herself rather with me than with the strangers. That is just as if I had been at a disadvantage at the table d'hôte. Management Plan Management. The contrast between the behavior of my wife at the table and that of Mrs.
E.L. in the dream now strikes me: Addresses herself entirely to me. Further, I now notice that the dream is the reproduction of a little scene which transpired between my wife and myself when I was secretly courting her. The caressing under cover of the tablecloth was an answer to a wooer's passionate letter. In the dream, however, my wife is replaced by the unfamiliar E.L. Mrs. E.L. is the daughter of a man to 2015 Template Resume Letter whom I owed money! I cannot help noticing that here there is revealed an unsuspected connection between the dream content and my thoughts. If the Safety Templates Of Safety Management Template chain of associations be followed up which proceeds from one element of the dream one is soon led back to another of Email, its elements. Safety Templates Management. The thoughts evoked by the dream stir up associations which were not noticeable in Brochure, the dream itself.
Is it not customary, when some one expects others to look after his interests without any advantage to themselves, to Safety | Range Management Template ask the innocent question satirically: Do you think this will be done for the sake of your beautiful eyes? Hence Mrs. E.L.'s speech in the dream. You have always had such beautiful eyes, means nothing but people always do everything to you for love of you; you have had everything for nothing. The contrary is, of course, the truth; I have always paid dearly for whatever kindness others have shown me. Still, the fact that I had a ride for Design, nothing yesterday when my friend drove me home in his cab must have made an impression upon me. In any case, the friend whose guests we were yesterday has often made me his debtor. Recently I allowed an opportunity of requiting him to | Range Management go by. He has had only one present from Template Business Template, me, an antique shawl, upon which eyes are painted all round, a so-called Occhiale, as a charm against the Malocchio. Moreover, he is an Plan Templates Management Template eye specialist. Wiredchurches.com — Sample Leadership Evaluation Form. That same evening I had asked him after a patient whom I had sent to him for glasses.
As I remarked, nearly all parts of the Safety Plan Templates | Range Management dream have been brought into this new connection. I still might ask why in the dream it was spinach that was served up. Because spinach called up a little scene which recently occurred at (977 our table. A child, whose beautiful eyes are really deserving of Plan | Range Of Safety Template, praise, refused to eat spinach. Salary, And Schools. As a child I was just the same; for a long time I loathed spinach, until in later life my tastes altered, and it became one of Safety Plan | Range Of Safety Management, my favorite dishes. The mention of Election Design, this dish brings my own childhood and that of my child's near together. You should be glad that you have some spinach, his mother had said to the little gourmet.
Some children would be very glad to get spinach. Safety Plan Templates | Range Management Template. Thus I am reminded of the parents' duties towards their children. Goethe's words#151; To earth, this weary earth, ye bring us, To guilt ye let us heedless go#151; take on another meaning in this connection. Here I will stop in Patient Care Job Description And Schools, order that I may recapitulate the results of the Safety Plan | Range Of Safety Management Template analysis of the dream. By following the associations which were linked to the single elements of the dream torn from Patient Care Technician Salary, Job Description, their context, I have been led to a series of thoughts and reminiscences where I am bound to recognize interesting expressions of my psychical life. The matter yielded by Safety Plan Templates | Range Management Template an analysis of the dream stands in intimate relationship with the dream content, but this relationship is so special that I should never have been able to Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg have inferred the new discoveries directly from the dream itself.
The dream was passionless, disconnected, and unintelligible. Safety Management Template. During the Care And Schools time that I am unfolding the thoughts at Management Plan | Range Of Safety Management Template the back of the dream I feel intense and well-grounded emotions. The thoughts themselves fit beautifully together into chains logically bound together with certain central ideas which ever repeat themselves. Such ideas not represented in the dream itself are in Patient Care Technician Job Description, this instance the antitheses selfish, unselfish, to be indebted, to work for Templates | Range, nothing. I could draw closer the threads of the web which analysis has disclosed, and would then be able to show how they all run together into a single knot; I am debarred from making this work public by Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg considerations of a private, not of a scientific, nature. After having cleared up many things which I do not willingly acknowledge as mine, I should have much to reveal which had better remain my secret. Why, then, do not I choose another dream whose analysis would be more suitable for publication, so that I could awaken a fairer conviction of the sense and cohesion of the results disclosed by analysis? The answer is, because every dream which I investigate leads to the same difficulties and places me under the same need of discretion; nor should I forgo this difficulty any the more were I to analyze the Management Plan Management Template dream of some one else. That could only (977 be done when opportunity allowed all concealment to be dropped without injury to Safety Plan | Range Of Safety Management those who trusted me.
The conclusion which is now forced upon me is that the dream is a sort of substitution for those emotional and — Sample Leadership Evaluation, intellectual trains of thought which I attained after complete analysis. I do not yet know the process by which the dream arose from those thoughts, but I perceive that it is wrong to regard the dream as psychically unimportant, a purely physical process which has arisen from the activity of isolated cortical elements awakened out of sleep. I must further remark that the dream is far shorter than the thoughts which I hold it replaces; whilst analysis discovered that the dream was provoked by an unimportant occurrence the evening before the dream. Naturally, I would not draw such far-reaching conclusions if only one analysis were known to me. Experience has shown me that when the associations of any dream are honestly followed such a chain of thought is Safety Management Plan | Range Of Safety Management revealed, the Action | Eknom-Jo constituent parts of the dream reappear correctly and Of Safety Management Template, sensibly linked together; the slight suspicion that this concatenation was merely an accident of a single first observation must, therefore, be absolutely relinquished. I regard it, therefore, as my right to establish this new view by a proper nomenclature. Template Business. I contrast the Management | Range Of Safety dream which my memory evokes with the dream and other added matter revealed by analysis: the former I call the dream's manifest content; the latter, without at first further subdivision, its latent content. I arrive at two new problems hitherto unformulated: (1) What is the psychical process which has transformed the latent content of the Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg (977 dream into its manifest content? (2) What is the | Range Of Safety Management motive or the motives which have made such transformation exigent?
The process by which the Emergency Action Template change from latent to manifest content is executed I name the dream-work. In contrast with this is the Safety Plan Templates Of Safety Management work of analysis, which produces the reverse transformation. The other problems of the dream#151;the inquiry as to its stimuli, as to the source of its materials, as to its possible purpose, the function of dreaming, the forgetting of Election Brochure Design, dreams#151;these I will discuss in connection with the latent dream-content. I shall take every care to avoid a confusion between the manifest and the latent content, for I ascribe all the contradictory as well as the incorrect accounts of dream-life to the ignorance of this latent content, now first laid bare through analysis. The conversion of the latent dream thoughts into those manifest deserves our close study as the first known example of the transformation of psychical stuff from one mode of expression into another.
From a mode of expression which, moreover, is readily intelligible into another which we can only penetrate by effort and with guidance, although this new mode must be equally reckoned as an effort of our own psychical activity. From the standpoint of the Safety Management Templates Of Safety Template relationship of latent to manifest dream-content, dreams can be divided into three classes. Patient Salary,. We can, in the first place, distinguish those dreams which have a meaning and are, at the same time, intelligible, which allow us to penetrate into our psychical life without further ado. Such dreams are numerous; they are usually short, and, as a general rule, do not seem very noticeable, because everything remarkable or exciting surprise is absent. Their occurrence is, moreover, a strong argument against the doctrine which derives the dream from the isolated activity of certain cortical elements.
All signs of a lowered or subdivided psychical activity are wanting. Management Plan Templates Of Safety Management. Yet we never raise any objection to characterizing them as dreams, nor do we confound them with the 2015 Hr Advisor Letter products of our waking life. A second group is Safety Management Plan Management Template formed by Referral Email Template Business those dreams which are indeed self-coherent and have a distinct meaning, but appear strange because we are unable to Safety Plan Templates | Range Management reconcile their meaning with our mental life. That is the case when we dream, for instance, that some dear relative has died of plague when we know of no ground for expecting, apprehending, or assuming anything of the Patient Technician Salary, And Schools sort; we can only ask ourself wonderingly: What brought that into my head? To the third group those dreams belong which are void of both meaning and Management | Range Of Safety, intelligibility; they are incoherent, complicated, and meaningless. The overwhelming number of our dreams partake of this character, and this has given rise to the contemptuous attitude towards dreams and the medical theory of their limited psychical activity. It is especially in Emergency Template, the longer and more complicated dream-plots that signs of incoherence are seldom missing. The contrast between manifest and latent dream-content is Safety Management Plan Templates Management clearly only of value for the dreams of the second and more especially for those of the third class.
Here are problems which are only solved when the manifest dream is replaced by its latent content; it was an Wiredchurches.com Leadership Evaluation Form example of this kind, a complicated and unintelligible dream, that we subjected to analysis. Against our expectation we, however, struck upon reasons which prevented a complete cognizance of the latent dream thought. On the Safety Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Template repetition of this same experience we were forced to the supposition that there is an intimate bond, with laws of its own, between the unintelligible and Emergency Action Plan, complicated nature of the dream and | Range Of Safety Template, the difficulties attending communication of the thoughts connected with the dream. Before investigating the nature of this bond, it will be advantageous to turn our attention to the more readily intelligible dreams of the first class where, the manifest and latent content being identical, the dream work seems to Emergency Plan Template be omitted. The investigation of these dreams is also advisable from another standpoint.
The dreams of children are of this nature; they have a meaning, and are not bizarre. This, by the way, is a further objection to Plan | Range Of Safety reducing dreams to a dissociation of cerebral activity in sleep, for why should such a lowering of psychical functions belong to the nature of sleep in adults, but not in children? We are, however, fully justified in expecting that the explanation of psychical processes in children, essentially simplified as they may be, should serve as an Action Plan indispensable preparation towards the psychology of the adult. I shall therefore cite some examples of dreams which I have gathered from children. A girl of nineteen months was made to go without food for a day because she had been sick in the morning, and, according to nurse, had made herself ill through eating strawberries. During the night, after her day of fasting, she was heard calling out her name during sleep, and adding: Tawberry, eggs, pap.
She is dreaming that she is eating, and selects out of her menu exactly what she supposes she will not get much of just now. The same kind of dream about a forbidden dish was that of a little boy of twenty-two months. Safety Management Plan Templates | Range Of Safety Management Template. The day before he was told to offer his uncle a present of a small basket of cherries, of Wiredchurches.com — Sample Leadership Evaluation, which the child was, of course, only allowed one to taste. He woke up with the joyful news: Hermann eaten up all the Safety Management | Range cherries. A girl of three and a half years had made during the day a sea trip which was too short for her, and she cried when she had to get out of the boat. The next morning her story was that during the night she had been on the sea, thus continuing the interrupted trip. A boy of five and a half years was not at all pleased with his party during a walk in the Dachstein region.
Whenever a new peak came into sight he asked if that were the Dachstein, and, finally, refused to accompany the party to the waterfall. Patient Care Salary, Job Description And Schools. His behavior was ascribed to fatigue; but a better explanation was forthcoming when the next morning he told his dream: he had ascended the Dachstein. Obviously he expected the Management Plan Templates Of Safety ascent of the Dachstein to be the object of the excursion, and Email Template | Best Business, was vexed by Safety Of Safety Template not getting a glimpse of the mountain. The dream gave him what the day had withheld. The dream of a girl of six was similar; her father had cut short the walk before reaching the promised objective on account of the lateness of the hour. On the Hr Advisor way back she noticed a signpost giving the Safety Templates Of Safety Management Template name of another place for excursions; her father promised to take her there also some other day.
She greeted her father next day with the news that she had dreamt that her father had been with her to both places. What is common in all these dreams is obvious. Wiredchurches.com — Sample Evaluation Form. They completely satisfy wishes excited during the day which remain unrealized. Safety Management Plan Management Template. They are simply and undisguisedly realizations of wishes. The following child-dream, not quite understandable at first sight, is nothing else than a wish realized.
On account of poliomyelitis a girl, not quite four years of | Best Template, age, was brought from the country into Management Templates | Range Of Safety Template, town, and remained over night with a childless aunt in a big#151;for her, naturally, huge#151;bed. The next morning she stated that she had dreamt that the Template Business Template bed was much too small for her, so that she could find no place in it. To explain this dream as a wish is easy when we remember that to Safety Plan | Range Management Template be big is a frequently expressed wish of all children. Calendar Template Pdf | Resume Cover. The bigness of the bed reminded Miss Little-Would-be-Big only too forcibly of her smallness. Safety | Range Of Safety Template. This nasty situation became righted in her dream, and she grew so big that the bed now became too small for her. Even when children's dreams are complicated and polished, their comprehension as a realization of desire is fairly evident. A boy of eight dreamt that he was being driven with Achilles in a war-chariot, guided by Diomedes. The day before he was assiduously reading about great heroes. It is easy to Calendar 2015 Template Pdf | Resume Letter show that he took these heroes as his models, and regretted that he was not living in those days. From this short collection a further characteristic of the dreams of children is manifest#151;their connection with the life of the | Range Of Safety Management day.
The desires which are realized in Referral Business Template, these dreams are left over Safety Management Plan Management Template, from the day or, as a rule, the day previous, and the feeling has become intently emphasized and fixed during the day thoughts. Accidental and indifferent matters, or what must appear so to the child, find no acceptance in Patient Technician Salary,, the contents of the dream. Innumerable instances of Safety Template, such dreams of the infantile type can be found among adults also, but, as mentioned, these are mostly exactly like the manifest content. Email Business. Thus, a random selection of persons will generally respond to Safety Management Templates Management thirst at night-time with a dream about drinking, thus striving to get rid of the sensation and to let sleep continue. Many persons frequently have these comforting dreams before waking, just when they are called. Plan Template. They then dream that they are already up, that they are washing, or already in Safety Management Templates | Range Of Safety Template, school, at the office, etc., where they ought to be at a given time. The night before an intended journey one not infrequently dreams that one has already arrived at the destination; before going to a play or to a party the dream not infrequently anticipates, in impatience, as it were, the expected pleasure. At other times the dream expresses the realization of the desire somewhat indirectly; some connection, some sequel must be known#151;the first step towards recognizing the desire. Template. Thus, when a husband related to Templates Of Safety Template me the dream of his young wife, that her monthly period had begun, I had to bethink myself that the young wife would have expected a pregnancy if the period had been absent. Election Brochure Template. The dream is then a sign of Of Safety Template, pregnancy.
Its meaning is that it shows the Emergency Action Plan | Eknom-Jo wish realized that pregnancy should not occur just yet. Under unusual and extreme circumstances, these dreams of the infantile type become very frequent. Safety | Range Of Safety. The leader of Election Template, a polar expedition tells us, for Safety Management | Range Of Safety Management Template, instance, that during the wintering amid the ice the crew, with their monotonous diet and slight rations, dreamt regularly, like children, of fine meals, of mountains of tobacco, and of home. It is not uncommon that out of some long, complicated and Emergency Action | Eknom-Jo, intricate dream one specially lucid part stands out containing unmistakably the Plan Templates | Range Management Template realization of a desire, but bound up with much unintelligible matter. On more frequently analyzing the seemingly more transparent dreams of Plan, adults, it is astonishing to discover that these are rarely as simple as the dreams of children, and that they cover another meaning beyond that of the realization of a wish.
It would certainly be a simple and convenient solution of the riddle if the work of analysis made it at all possible for us to trace the meaningless and intricate dreams of adults back to the infantile type, to the realization of Plan Of Safety, some intensely experienced desire of the day. But there is Election Brochure no warrant for Safety | Range Of Safety Template, such an expectation. Their dreams are generally full of the Wiredchurches.com Form most indifferent and bizarre matter, and no trace of the realization of the wish is to be found in their content. Before leaving these infantile dreams, which are obviously unrealized desires, we must not fail to mention another chief characteristic of dreams, one that has been long noticed, and one which stands out most clearly in this class. I can replace any of these dreams by a phrase expressing a desire. Management Plan | Range Of Safety. If the sea trip had only lasted longer; if I were only washed and dressed; if I had only been allowed to keep the cherries instead of giving them to my uncle. But the dream gives something more than the choice, for Videogame-Storyboard+james+bond+videogame+kieron+dwyer.jpg, here the desire is Safety | Range Of Safety Management Template already realized; its realization is real and actual. The dream presentations consist chiefly, if not wholly, of scenes and mainly of visual sense images.
Hence a kind of transformation is not entirely absent in this class of dreams, and Plan Template, this may be fairly designated as the dream work. An idea merely existing in the region of possibility is replaced by a vision of its accomplishment. Dreams Have a Meaning is reprinted from Dream Psychology . Sigmund Freud. New York: The James McCann Company, 1920.