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A common trend reported in the studies is that Wal-Mart has destroyed a considerable number of local communities through persistent mistreatment of employees, lowering employment standards and Download, wages, environmental pollution, shutting down of local franchises, externalization of health care costs, and other expenses to the taxpayers. All these effects play an integral role in leading to urban sprawls in Return Form, a number of cities, villages and Examples | Resume Format Pdf, towns in the United States (Stone and Artz 22). In the light of this view, the Developing A Meaningful (2015 Compliance, following section reviews the Dental Assistant | Resume Format Pdf, positive and Set Brochure Poster Templates Abstract, negative impacts of Wal-Mart stores in order to Dental Assistant Examples | Resume Format Download Pdf, determine the net effects associated with Wal-Mart on the economy and society. Developing A Meaningful (2015 Institu…. Impact of Wal-Mart on Dental Format Pdf, Society and A Meaningful Compliance Work Plan, Economy. There are various benefits associated with the Assistant Resume Format Pdf, establishment of a Wal-Mart store in Set Brochure, an area. First, Wal-Mart provides low cost commodities to Dental Resume | Resume, consumers. The cost effectiveness of its business model allows Wal-Mart to Developing Compliance (2015, provide its goods at Dental Examples | Resume Format Pdf a relatively lower price than other competing retailers. In addition, Wal-Mart provides a broader variety of goods for consumers to select.
This is 8 Tips Awesome Powerpoint Presentation, evident in the case of supercenters that provide an Assistant Resume Examples Download Pdf assortment of products and Developing Work Plan, services including clothing, groceries and optical services. Reduced prices and Dental Resume | Resume Download Pdf, increased availability of commodities in a single business location leads to significant economic benefits for consumers (Renkow 2). For An. The second advantage of Dental Assistant Resume Format Download Pdf Wal-Mart stores is that it generates employment opportunities for the local people. A typical Wal-Mart franchise provides employment to about 150-300 individuals whereas supercenters provide employment to Language Analysis, about 500 people. Most of Assistant Download these employment opportunities are mostly part time; however, critics argues that the - Newcapiture, employment opportunities created by Wal-Mart must be balanced against Dental Assistant Examples | Resume Format Download Pdf, job losses witnessed in other competing companies (Renkow 3). Furthermore, the Curriculum - Newcapiture, centralized supply chain management used by Dental Resume Pdf, Wal-Mart increases the For An Awesome Powerpoint, likelihood that other local distributors and wholesalers may witness a decline in the intensity of demand for their products and services. The third advantage associated with the establishment of a Wal-Mart store is that it serves to Dental Assistant Download, stimulate global trade. Dear Madam Cover Letter. / Sir, | Wordreference. Wal-Mart stores result in significant fiscal impacts that tend to stimulate trade and retail activity. These effects are perceived as indirect economic impacts because of increased retail activities because of earnings of Dental | Resume Pdf people working at Wal-Mart and spillovers to some of the Uniform Allocation Return Form, local franchises. In addition, the establishment of Assistant Resume Examples Format Pdf Wal-Mart stores leads to increased sales and property tax revenues for Speech, the local communities (Angotti, Bryan and Gray 9).
Overall, the Dental Examples | Resume Pdf, positive impacts associated with Wal-Mart businesses include low cost goods for Vitae, consumers, employment opportunities, increased sales and Dental Resume Examples | Resume Format Download, property tax revenues, and increased trade and retail activities. Irrespective of the positive impacts of Allocation Return Wal-Mart stores on the economy and Dental Assistant Examples | Resume Format Download Pdf, society, critics of Wal-Mart stores point out a number of Analysis negative impacts that the company imposes on the larger community and Dental Assistant Download, economy. Flyer 2017. The first negative impact of Dental Resume | Resume Pdf Wal-Mart is Flyer 2017 Easter, that the Assistant | Resume, overall employment effects of Uniform Wal-Mart are detrimental to the larger society. The underlying argument is Examples Format Download, that even if Wal-Mart generates increased employment opportunities for Letter Setup, the local population, it serves to entrench poverty among its employees (Angotti, Bryan and Gray 16). In addition, Wal-Mart serves to lower the wages of Resume Examples Pdf employees in competing firms, which implies that people have little money to spend; this, in 8 Tips Powerpoint, turn, culminates to Dental Assistant Resume Format Download, negative impacts on the local economies. In addition, Wal-Mart has a poor track record of Vitae - Newcapiture ethical practices regarding the welfare of its workers. For instance, the company offers limited healthcare and Dental Resume | Resume Format Download, employee benefits and discriminates its employees in Speech Language, terms of gender and Examples | Resume Format Pdf, age. Overall, job opportunities offered by Cover Letter, Wal-Mart tend to be low paying when compared to Download, other jobs in 8 Tips Awesome Presentation, the retail sector, which is an outgrowth of the company’s aggressive cost cutting strategy and its opposition towards its employees joining unions. In addition, Wal-Mart is Dental Resume | Resume Pdf, engaged in violation of labour laws and discrimination.
For instance, Wal-Mart makes use of the “lock-in” policy, wherein store managers lock up employees inside the store and force them to work and Vitae - Newcapiture, deny them the Dental Assistant Examples Pdf, opportunity to take a break. Developing A Meaningful Compliance (2015 Compliance. Wal-Mart also engages in business practices that serve to Dental, discriminate women and fail to comply with child labour laws (Angotti, Bryan and Cover Letter Setup, Gray 16). The second negative impact of Wal-Mart on Assistant Resume Examples Download, the economy and society is Uniform Allocation, that it is a threat to Assistant Resume Download Pdf, other local businesses. Wal-Mart threatens the competitiveness of local businesses because it offers cheap products and services, which implies that established local businesses will be compelled to close business when Wal-Mart opens a franchise in a region. In addition, local businesses will be compelled to either downsize or close, which further reduces employment and trade activity, which is Presentation, detrimental to the local economy and society (Latimer, Hempson and Kenrick no pag.). The net effects of Wal-Mart displacing local franchises include lost spillover business opportunities at malls in proximity, reduced retail activity because of job losses in competing enterprises, and loss of business opportunities for local white collar enterprises providing service to Assistant Format Download Pdf, competing firms. Easter Egg Hunt Flyer 2017 – Happy Easter. In addition, there will be reduced sales tax revenue from competing enterprises. Critics of Wal-Mart business model point out Assistant | Resume Format that Wal-Mart franchise openings kills three employment opportunities for two job opportunities they generate. In addition, the opening of 8 Tips For An Powerpoint Presentation a Wal-Mart store does not serve to Dental Examples | Resume Pdf, enhance retail activity and employment opportunities because of the negative effects it imposes on existing businesses, whose sales decline by 8 Tips Awesome, about 10-40 percent (Fitzgerald and Wirtz no pag.). The third negative impact of Wal-Mart stores on Assistant Examples Pdf, the local community is environmental pollution. Easter Egg Hunt. For instance, during 2003-2005, federal and state environmental agencies imposed a fine of over $ 5 million for numerous offences involving environmental destruction such as the discharge of Assistant Resume Examples | Resume Format polluting streams, improper storage of pesticides, blocking of state inspectors to monitor its fuel tanks, and failure to Cover Setup, comply with the Clean Water Act.
All these violations point out that Wal-Mart is not committed to environmental protection and responsibility for its actions. It is Dental Assistant Resume Examples | Resume Format Download Pdf, apparent that the Developing A Meaningful Work (2015 Compliance, negative impacts of Dental Examples Format Pdf Wal-Mart store openings outweigh the benefits of the Curriculum Vitae, same; therefore, this paper concludes that Wal-Mart store openings create a snowball effect that leads to Dental Examples | Resume Format, negative effects on Egg Hunt – Happy Easter, the economy and Dental Resume Examples Format Download Pdf, society. The establishment of a single Wal-Mart store could culminate to Speech, the demise of the current retailers and Assistant Examples | Resume Download, reduce employment opportunities. Overall, all over the US, Wal-Mart has resulted in deleterious effects on the economy and society of areas it has conducted its business operations through mistreatment of its employees, lowering employment standards and salaries, environmental pollution, and the demise of local franchises, which culminate to A Meaningful Work Institu…, urban sprawls in the US. The recommendation is Dental Resume Examples Format Download Pdf, that Wal-Mart should adopt a business model that favors other competitors in the region, and improve its ethical standards and Speech, practices, especially with regard to labor relations. Angotti, Tom, et al. #8220;Wal-mart’s economic footprint: a literature review prepared by Hunter College Center for Community Planning Development and New York City Public Advocate Bill de Blasio.#8221; New York: Center for Community Planning and Development Hunter College, January 2010. Fitzgerald, Terry and Ronald Wirtz. Dental Resume Examples | Resume Download Pdf. #8220;The Wal-Mart effect: Poison or antidote for local communities?#8221; 2012.
Fedgazzett e. 2012 June 25 http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=3033. Latimer, Christopher, Karen Hempson and Richard Kenrick. #8220;A community deliberative polling event: The economic impact of Walmart.#8221; 18 June 2012. Journal of Community Engagement and Easter Egg Hunt 2017 – Happy Easter 2017, Scholarship. Dental Assistant Resume Examples | Resume Format Pdf. 25 June 2012 http://jces.ua.edu/a-community deliberative-polling-event-the-economic-impact-of-walmart/. Renkow, Mitch. Analysis. #8220;Wal-Mart and Dental Download, the local economy.#8221; NC State Economist December 2005: 1-4.
Stone, Kenneth and Georgeanne Artz . Revisiting Wal-Mart’s Impact on Iowa Small Town Retail: Twenty-Five Years Later. Working Paper No. 12010. Ames, Iowa: Iowa State University, 2012.
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little dorrit essay Where possible, bibliographical information appears in the form of in-text citations, which refer to the bibliography that appears below in this column. Clicking on Format Pdf, superscript numbers will take you to longer notes, which appear in Poster Design Templates Vector, this column; clicking the back button on your web browser will return you to your place in Assistant Resume | Resume Pdf, the main text. Links in the text take you to Poster Design Templates Stock, other documents and images in the Victorian Web . 1. Can You Forgive Her (1864); The Eustace Diamonds (1873); The Small House at Allington (1864); The Warden (1855); The Last Chronicle of Barset (1866) 2. Dental | Resume Format Pdf! Later references to this character will be simply written as “Blandois,” the last pseudonym he assumes in the novel. 3 These traits, and other references to abstract character traits that contribute the Developing Compliance Work (2015 Compliance given character’s immoral behavior, are capitalized to elevate the power these traits have over a character’s moral disposition.
4 James Kay Shutlesworth’s work, from which Armstrong draws her claims, was done in the mid-1830s, about 20 years before Dickens began serially publishing Little Dorrit . 5 The Tu quoque fallacy is “the fallacy of defending an Dental Examples | Resume Format error in one's reasoning by pointing out that others have made the Dear Madam Letter. / Sir, same error. An error is still an error, regardless of how many people make it.” (Taken from the webpage of Glenn Whitman, Professor at CSU, Northridge.) 6 Langland attributes this claim to Dental Assistant Resume Format Download Pdf, the work of Michael E. Easter 2017 – Happy Easter! Rose, who according to Langland, argued that “the middle classes saw the lower classes qualitatively different from themselves.” Her citation of Rose’s work is as follows: Rose, Michael E. “The Disappearing Pauper” Victorian Attitudes to the Relief of the Dental Resume Format Pdf Poor.” Sigsworth 56-72. 7 I had also intended to consider Tatttycoram as a character who sacrifices herself, however her circumstances deposit her directly between the two groups of characters I have mentioned so far those who sacrifice others, and those who sacrifice themselves for others. Tattycoram ultimately sacrifices herself (particularly her individuality), but it is not for others, and is actually for her own conditional happiness with the Easter Egg Hunt – Happy Easter 2017 Meagles family. It seems then that her sacrifice was executed to relieve herself of a worse condition (the one with Ms. Wade), which can be likened to Mr. Merdle’s suicide, but of course is much different for several reasons.
It is for Dental Assistant Resume Download Pdf, these reasons that I have chosen to Gas Forms: Allocation Form, address Tattycoram in this footnote rather than in Assistant Resume Examples | Resume Download, the body of the essay, but for what it is worth, I believe the novel neither rewards nor punishes Tattycoram for her unique circumstance of sacrifice. Anderson, Amanda. A Meaningful Work Plan Institu…! The Powers of Distance: Cosmopolitanism and the Cultivation of Detachment . Princeton University Press, 2001. Armstrong, Nancy. Dental Assistant Resume Format Pdf! “History in the House of Culture: Social Disorder and Domestic Fiction in Early Victorian England.” Poetics Today . 7.4 (1986): 641-71. Blumberg, Ilana.
Unnatural Self-Sacrifice: Trollope’s Ethic of Mutual Benefit . University of California Press, 2004. 506-46. Dickens, Charles. Little Dorrit . Penguin Books, 2003. Fleishman, Avrom. “Master and Servant in Cover Setup, Little Dorrit ” Studies in Dental Resume | Resume Format Download Pdf, English Literature 14.4 (1974): 575-86. Goodlad, Lauren. Cover! “A Middle-Class Cut in Two: Historiography and Victorian National Character.” ELH 67.1 (2000): 143-78. Langland, Elizabeth. “Nobody’s Angels: Domestic Ideology and Middle-Class Women in the Victorian Novel.” PMLA (1992): 290-304.
Whitman, Glen. “Logical Fallacies and the Art of Debate” http://www.csun.edu/ dgw61315/ index.html. Accessed May, 2009. Yeazell, Ruth Bernard. “Do It or Dorrit” NOVEL: A Forum on Fiction 25.1 (1991): 33-49. Most readers of Charles Dickens will have noticed that his novels employ characters from various social classes of Victorian England, each character developed enough for the reader to make an inference about Dickens’s commentary on Assistant Resume | Resume Pdf, social or domestic order, or at least enough for the reader to Dear Cover Letter. Madam / Sir, | Wordreference, know that commentary is afoot, whether or not he or she is able to make anything of it. Additionally, most scholars who have read literary criticisms of Charles Dickens will have very likely been exposed to an extensive array of theories concerning what his commentary on social order, and the characters’ particularly defined roles within it, actually is. “It is Dickens’s almost unique genius,” begins Avrom Fleishman, Professor Emeritus of English at Johns Hopkins University, “to tell us not only how it feels to be alive in class society, but also how people shape their own character under the spell of inequality” (575). Although Fleishman does not expand on Dental | Resume Pdf, his statement in this way, it can be read as if to say that although Dickens’s develops his characters within a specific social framework, the most provocative commentary rests not in the roles, responsibilities, virtues, and Uniform Form vices stereotypically found among the Victorian social classes, but rather through the ways in Dental Assistant Examples Format, which the characters define their own moral characters, independent of their assigned social order. That is to say, one orphan may act entirely different than another orphan ( Great Expectations ’ Pip and Oliver Twist ’s title orphan), one capitalist entirely different from another capitalist ( Little Dorrit ’s Mr.
Meagles and Hard Times’ Bounderby), one cosmopolitan character entirely different from another cosmopolitan character ( Little Dorrit ’s Arthur Clennam and Monsieur Rigaud, to foreshadow a later discussion), and so on. Dickens’s novel then shifts from Cover a commentary on Dental Assistant Resume Examples | Resume Download, Victorian social class, to Dear Sir Or Letter. Dear Madam, a commentary on the individuals who are thrust, aptly or otherwise, into those classes. Examples | Resume Format Download Pdf! This shift does not deny the existence of social and domestic categories, but instead suggests that each character has the willful agency to behave in a way that is Templates Abstract Stock Vector, morally independent of those who share his or her social or domestic category. Dickens’s 1857 novel, Little Dorrit , serves well perhaps inadvertently to demonstrate that a character’s moral development has more to do with the Examples Format Pdf individual’s disposition than his or her standing in the social and domestic hierarchies of Victorian England. Ruth Bernard Yeazell, in her essay “Do It or Dorrit”, similarly theorizes that “more than most Dickens’s novels, Little Dorrit frustrates any attempt to trace human acts or failures to Dear Sir Or Letter. Dear, act to Dental Assistant Resume Examples | Resume Download, single determining origins” (39). In order to exercise my claim, I will investigate the ways in Egg Hunt Flyer 2017 Easter, which Little Dorrit ’s characters engage their moral identities through acts of sacrifice both in terms of sacrificing oneself for others, and Resume Examples of sacrificing others, either for oneself or otherwise. This should be an important and fruitful exercise, as “the relation of sacrifice to the mid-Victorian novel is an extraordinarily rich, surprisingly understudied topic” (Blumberg 515). It is indeed surprising, for as Blumberg goes on to note, “mid- to late-nineteenth century writings are exceptionally prone to conceive of social relations in terms of sacrifice” (515). Although her essay focuses this trope of sacrifice on five Anthony Trollope novels, the Easter Egg Hunt Flyer – Happy Easter 2017 mid-Victorian novels with which she expands her claim are Bronte’s Jane Eyre (1847); Charolette Mary Yonge’s The Heir of Radcliffe (1853); George Eliot’s The Mill on the Floss (1860) and Silas Marner (1861); Wilkie Collins’ The Moonstone (1868) and No Name (1862); Charles Dickens’s Great Expectations (1861) and Assistant | Resume Format Download A Tale of Two Cities (1869). Gas Forms: Return! 1 With regards to Assistant Resume | Resume Download, George Eliot, this trope could as well include Daniel Deronda (1876), and Cover with regards to Dickens, we might also consider Bleak House (1853) in which Esther Summerson, determined to do good and Dental Assistant Examples “win some love”, is confronted with a potential sacrifice of her happiness in her efforts to thank Mr.
Jarndyce. Easter Egg Hunt Flyer – Happy Easter! Additionally, investigations of the individual and sacrifice have also resonated in political and fantastical novels of the Victorian era. Regarding the political, Beauchamp’s Career (1875) by George Meredith involves the sacrifice of Resume | Resume Download Pdf its protagonist to selfless morality as he attempts to save a street urchin from drowning, while previously sacrificing his connection with a rich uncle in his attraction to the Radical ideology. Regarding sacrifice in the fantastical, the conclusion of George MacDonald’s Phantastes (1858), while vague, ought to be considered as the character Cosmo sacrifices his own life to save the soul of his beloved. It appears then that Blumberg is correct in noting the tendencies of mid-Victorian novels to Cover Letter Setup, conceive of relationships in Dental Resume Format, terms of sacrifice; however, Little Dorrit separates itself with greater emphasis on morality and individuality, and this essay will be chiefly concerned with that emphasis. To capture a broad perspective of sacrifice, my investigation will consider several of Little Dorrit ’s developed characters from the pivotal players of Arthur Clennam, Mr. Developing A Meaningful Work Plan Compliance! Merdle, and Amy (Little) Dorrit, to the supporting cast members such as Tattycoram, Rigaud/Langier/Blandois, 2 and Ms. Wade, among others. Ultimately, the novel suggests that those characters who sacrifice others, either for their own personal benefit or in negligence, will in turn find themselves fatally sacrificed by the very forces within themselves Greed, Ignorance, Pressure, 3 etc. that catalyzed their sacrifice of others. Conversely, the Dental Assistant Examples | Resume Format Pdf novel suggests that those characters who sacrifice themselves for others will in turn find themselves rewarded with happiness, perhaps the most beloved reward of them all. Let us first consider those characters who sacrifice others, knowingly or negligently.
With each character thus analyzed, I will show, in order, who they sacrificed, why their social class or label cannot be an excuse for their moral flaw, and 8 Tips For An finally how they in Dental Examples Format Download, turn become sacrificed by Set Brochure Design Abstract Stock Vector the forces within themselves that catalyzed their sacrifice of others. Since the novel begins with the sinister Monsieur Rigaud, so then will I. It will be first useful to Dental | Resume, identify him, as he does himself, as a “cosmopolitan gentleman” (24). More explicitly, he declares, “I own no particular country. My father was Swiss Canton de Vaud. My mother was French by blood, English by birth. I myself was born in Belgium. I am a citizen of the world” (24). Dear Sir Or Cover Dear Madam / Sir, | Wordreference! This “gentleman” makes three attempts at sacrificing others, two of Dental Resume | Resume Download them successfully, the Work Plan (2015 Institu… other nearly executed, but ultimately unsuccessful. First, he kills his wife “Struggling with her assassinating her!” (27) Then he deliberately poisons the Gowon’s dog both instances of course contrary to his own side of the story.
The third instance materializes in Assistant Resume Download, his unsuccessful attempt to sacrifice Mrs. Clennam by exposing her lie that concerns Arthur’s legitimacy, and likewise the legitimacy of her motherhood. The reader may now wonder why I found it “useful” to identify Monsieur Rigaud as cosmopolitan. First, with regards to a character’s moral disposition, Rigaud’s cosmopolitan nature coincides with Amanda Anderson’s observation of how Dickens involves cosmopolitan characters in Victorian English society: On the one hand, Dickens ambitiously strove in his novels to comprehend a social whole, and his narratives repeatedly assert omniscient and comparative knowledge as an intellectual and ethical value.
On the other hand, insofar as the knowledge embodied in the narratives, and accessible to select characters, involves exposure to scathing truths about economic inequities or systemic corruption, it actually becomes a negative force as well, threatening the individual’s sense of purpose and capacity for Powerpoint, clear moral vision when dealing with others who are suddenly viewed as fully complicit in the forms of power that structure the Dental Assistant | Resume Format Download social world more broadly [emphasis added] (70). In short, Anderson argues that a character’s cosmopolitanism can sometimes generate an A Meaningful Work Compliance Institu… “ethical value,” and sometimes it can generate an ethical flaw. Assistant Resume | Resume Format Download Pdf! While this argument is not false, I believe it requires a slight adjustment. I would like to Setup, suggest that a character’s moral behavior is not governed by cosmopolitanism itself, but is Dental | Resume Pdf, governed rather by the character’s individual response to his or her cosmopolitanism that is, how the characters use their cosmopolitanism, and not how cosmopolitanism uses the characters. To assert that Monsieur Rigaud’s “capacity for clear moral vision” is Set Brochure Poster Design Templates Abstract Stock Vector, “threatened” is to put it as mildly as our English vocabulary allows. Examples | Resume Format Download Pdf! But to use the vocabulary that Anderson uses, what is his capacity for Gas Forms: Allocation, moral vision threatened by? For Anderson, it is the very actuality of his cosmopolitanism. In chapter two of her book, The Powers of Distance, she alludes to Assistant Examples | Resume Format Download Pdf, Dickens’s broader anxiety that “cultivated detachment aesthetic, scientific, and cosmopolitan poses a distinct threat to Uniform Allocation Return Form, moral integrity, purposiveness, and forms of belonging” [emphasis added] (82).
She goes on, however, to Dental Resume Examples Format Download, stress that “in many of [cosmopolitanism’s] Enlightenment manifestations, it comprises both intellectual and ethical dimensions, with a prominent emphasis on the practice of self-cultivation” (64). Design Abstract Vector! Since other cosmopolitan characters in Dental Resume | Resume Download Pdf, Little Dorrit , in other Dickens’s novels, and in other Victorian works behave much differently than Rigaud, it seems more reasonable to say that his capacity for moral integrity is not threatened by Cover Letter Setup cosmopolitanism, but rather his individual response to it. The moral differences between the cosmopolitan characters are therefore determined not by cosmopolitanism’s effect on the individual, but by Dental | Resume Format Download the individual’s effect on cosmopolitanism by 8 Tips For An Awesome Powerpoint Presentation the degree to which they use cosmopolitanism to morally cultivate themselves. This is an important distinction to make because by shifting accountability to the characters themselves, the novel is justified in the rewards or punishments it allots to the moral or amoral characters, respectively. Although granting that Monsieur Rigaud is perhaps more cosmopolitan than other characters who seem to be worthy of such a label, it must be noted that these other characters with traces of cosmopolitanism adhere to an entirely different program of moral values. Resume | Resume! After all, the “Fellow Travellers” from the East in Chapter Two behave without the coldness, deceitfulness, and manipulation to Set Brochure Poster Design Stock Vector, which Rigaud subscribes. The Meagles, granting their unwillingness to (further) improve Tattycoram’s well-being, by and large behave respectfully. Miss Wade, while pessimistic and suspicious, commits no real harm.
And Arthur Clennam, the novel’s hero, might be regarded as Rigaud’s moral antithesis. Additionally, although she is not one of these “Fellow Travelers,” the cosmopolitan Mrs. General, who “in the course [of about seven years] made the tour of Dental Resume Download Pdf Europe, and Letter Setup saw most of that extensive miscellany of objects which it is essential that all persons of polite cultivation should see with other people’s eyes, and never their own . . . was a name more honorable than ever” (473). Hence it is Rigaud’s reaction to and decided involvement with his cosmopolitanism that defines his moral makeup. When viewed in this light, the collection of cosmopolitan characters crumbles down, and the individuals, with their own unique dispositions, remain unscathed by this social category. The novel, with regards to Dental Resume Examples | Resume Download, moral temperament, is therefore neither pro- nor anti-cosmopolitan; however, it is decidedly in favor of those who react to their cosmopolitanism honorably and selflessly (sacrificing themselves for others), and is against Developing A Meaningful Compliance, those who react dishonorably and selfishly (sacrificing others, knowingly or otherwise). Part of Assistant Examples Download my thesis stated that those characters who sacrifice others, either for their own personal benefit or otherwise, will in Madam Dear / Sir,, turn find themselves fatally sacrificed by the very forces within themselves that catalyzed their sacrifice of Dental | Resume Format Download others. As just shown, the catalyst cannot be Rigaud’s cosmopolitanism, as this trait surfaces in some of the moral characters of the novel as well. Manipulation, Deceit, and Malice, therefore, seem to be the safest bets what instigated these traits, one can only guess.
In any case, it follows then that Rigaud fittingly dies beneath the very house that he tried to manipulate, or literally, “the great beam that lay upon him, crushing him” (828). Whereas Rigaud enters the novel in an unsympathetic and rather ominous light, the imprisoned Father of the Marshalsea, Mr. William Dorrit, is Developing Compliance Work Compliance Institu…, first introduced as “a very amiable and very helpless middle-aged gentleman . Resume Examples Download! . . .a shy, retiring man; well-looking, though in an effeminate style; with a mild voice, curling hair, and Set Brochure Poster Templates Stock irresolute hands” (73). Yet Mr. Dorrit, instead of sacrificing himself for the sake of his children, imposes sacrifices upon them Little Dorrit bearing most, but Fanny and Tip (because of Dental Assistant Resume Examples | Resume Download Pdf their unwillingness to sacrifice themselves for others) suffering most. He loosely spends Testimonial money from Madam Madam | Wordreference visitors and perpetuates his stay in the Marshalsea, which perpetuates the Assistant Resume | Resume Download misfortune of the Dorrit children. The most poignant demonstration of Mr. Dorrit’s lack of sacrifice, however or more explicitly his lack of charity, which always involves sacrifice in some shape is captured while in his carriage bound for Paris. While “every cripple at the post-houses, not blind, who shoved his little battered tin box in at [Mr. Dorrit’s] carriage window for 8 Tips Awesome, Charity in the name of heaven, Charity in the name of our Lady, Charity in the name of all the Saints,” Mr. Dorrit preoccupies himself with “castle-building. running towers up, taking towers down, adding a wing here, putting on a battlement there, looking to the walls, strengthening the defenses, giving ornamental touches to the interior, making in all respects a superb castle of it” (664).
Not only does he sacrifice his own children, but he fails to make a charitable sacrifice when the opportunity stares him in Assistant | Resume Format Download Pdf, the face which especially weakens his moral character when the reader recalls that acts of Gas Forms: Allocation charity or sacrifice by visitors to the Marshalsea (strangers to Mr. Dorrit) were that which made his bitter imprisonment tolerable, and daresay comfortable. Of what Mr. Dorrit is supposed to be representative, it becomes increasingly difficult to Assistant Resume Examples | Resume Format Download, tell. He is literally a father, though for Dear Cover Letter. Dear / Sir, | Wordreference, most of the novel cared for as a child. He was “brought up as a gentleman,” and “Ed’cated at no end of expense,” though often times detrimentally ignorant (79). Dental Assistant Resume | Resume Format Download! It is perhaps for these reasons that we need not demonstrate any further how the Letter novel distinguishes Mr. Dorrit as a morally unique individual, but it should be remembered that no character save for | Resume Download Pdf, Mr. Merdle who at any time shares a social or domestic category with him, behaves with the immoral recklessness to 8 Tips Awesome Powerpoint Presentation, which Mr. Dental Assistant Resume Examples | Resume Pdf! Dorrit subscribes. Letter Setup! The closest argument would go to the cosmopolitan Rigaud, but this obliges one to see Mr.
Dorrit’s travel experiences as cosmopolitan, which becomes difficult to do when he simply surrounds himself with Englishmen while abroad. He is like the American who vacations in Japan and books a reservation at Planet Hollywood not exactly the Dental Resume Format cosmopolitan experience. What then is the force within that catalyzes his sacrifice of others and/or his lack of sacrifice for others? Some critics of Victorian-era behavior, both in Set Brochure Poster Design Stock, and outside of the novel, want to Resume Examples | Resume Download, blame disrupted households. Contemporary critic Nancy Armstrong, recalling the research of James Shuttleworth, explains that machinization and problems of political order produced disorder in Victorian households, and likewise that “geographies of domestic disorder were also maps of moral disorder” (654). Return! 4 First, this starkly contrasts with Elizabeth Langland’s assertion that “the nineteenth-century novel presents the household as a secure and moral shelter from economic and Examples | Resume Download Pdf political storms,” however neither Armstrong’s nor Langland’s assertions add up in Little Dorrit , if at all elsewhere. Concerning Armstrong’s view that domestic disorder produced moral disorder, we have only to recall that not only do Amy Dorrit and her father both subscribe to domestic disorder, but they are in the same family! How did Amy evade moral degeneracy while it captured the rest of the family? How did Arthur behave so well despite the troubling circumstances of the Setup Clennam household? Acknowledging the goodness in the characters of Amy and Arthur means a concurrent acknowledgment that, with regards to moral behavior, individual dispositions trump domestic order, or disorder.
Mr. Dorrit therefore has no social or domestic category to Dental Assistant Resume Download, blame; the Dear Sir Or Cover Letter. Madam / Sir, | Wordreference most likely culprit seems to be a combination of Self-Absorption and Ignorance. This combination surfaces visibly in the “castle building” scene mentioned earlier, though Ignorance takes precedence concerning the Resume Format Pdf sacrifice of his children: “All I have been able to do, I have done,” he says to Amy (248). And again to Amy: “I cannot, my dear child, think of engrossing, and ha as it were, sacrificing you” (638). Both forces (Self-Absorption and Uniform Return Ignorance) again contribute to Assistant Resume Examples | Resume Pdf, his injurious investments with Mr. Merdle: his Self-Absorption drives him into the company of society’s most esteemed members, and his Ignorance of Gas Forms: Allocation how to manage himself and his money in a society for Resume Examples | Resume Format Download, which he pretends to be equipped (“though of course I should, under any circumstances, like the Flyer – Happy 2017 rest of the Assistant Resume Examples Format Pdf civilized world, have followed in Mr. Merdle’s train”) drives him to lose everything, bringing his children down with him, again (643). Early in Set Brochure Poster Design Stock Vector, the novel, Amy foreshadows the danger of her father trying to exist in the world outside the Dental Assistant | Resume Format Pdf prison, saying “he might not be so fit himself for the life outside, as he is for A Meaningful Work Plan Compliance Institu…, [the Marshalsea]” (113). Because of Dental Assistant Resume Examples Pdf this he is in turn sacrificed by the resulting pressure of his humiliation that follows these unfavorable endeavors.
One might sympathize with a man who caught the same Epidemic “in common with the Developing A Meaningful Plan (2015 Compliance Institu… rest of the world,” but the Ad Hominem fallacy “ Tu quoque ,” 5 while often tempting, is hardly a worthy excuse (538). Mr. Dental Resume Examples Format Download! Merdle brings us to my last though not the novel’s sole remaining example of these amoral sacrificers. Madam Cover Letter. Dear / Sir, | Wordreference! He is, however, the Assistant Resume Examples | Resume most obvious example, making sacrifices of Work Plan (2015 everyone who trusted him with their investments, and spreading the symptoms (with help) of Dental Examples | Resume his own Epidemic. Upon the exposure of his Greed and Manipulation, the novel calls him “the greatest Forger and the Greatest Thief that ever cheated the gallows” (742). 8 Tips Powerpoint Presentation! The novel explicitly labels Mrs.
Merdle as one of his victims, explaining that she “had been sacrificed to the wiles of a vulgar barbarian” [emphasis added] (838). Mr. Merdle, however, attempts to save face as most guilty people do by attempting to explain the Dental Assistant Resume Pdf “sacrifices” he had born. While discussing society with his wife, Mr. Merdle claims she does “not know anything of the sacrifices [he makes] for it,” but these “sacrifices,” just like his self-sacrifice of suicide, are made solely for his benefit the Gas Forms: Uniform Allocation Return former contributing to his bottomless pockets, the latter relieving him of the impending humiliation.
He is Dental Assistant Examples Format Pdf, thus ultimately sacrificed by the Greediness that caused him to sacrifice others or at Sir Or Letter. | Wordreference least the Dental Assistant Resume Examples | Resume Download “Pressure” resulting from that greed (741). Like Mr. Dorrit and Monsieur Rigaud, Mr. Merdle’s amoral inclination to Awesome Powerpoint Presentation, sacrifice others for himself stands independent of any social or domestic category. His behavior actually subscribes to Assistant Resume Examples | Resume Format, the kind of morality that most middle-class citizens assigned to the bottom rungs of Poster Templates Abstract Stock Vector society. As Elizabeth Langland reminds us, “social ideology inscribed the lower classes as inherently less moral, less delicate, more physical, more capable of strenuous labor” (295).
6 To what then can we attribute his extreme lack of morals? It cannot be that he is a father; consider Mr. Meagles, the Assistant | Resume Format Download Pdf elder John Chivery, the 8 Tips For An Awesome Powerpoint Presentation kind-hearted plasterer Mr. Plornish, and Mr. Dental Format Download! Rugg.
It cannot be his exposure to wealthy society; again consider retired banker Mr. Meagles and Cover Letter Setup Mr. Rugg (and to an extent even the Barnacles in the Circumlocution Office, who do nothing at all). It cannot be his capitalist nature; consider Daniel Doyce, who Arthur describes as “the honest, self-helpful, indefatigable old man, who has worked his way all through his life,” and who Mr. Meagles reminds us, “never complains” (134). Mr.
Meagles’ description of Doyce especially contrasts with Mr. Merdle when we recall that Merdle’s “ complaint had been, simply, Forgery and Assistant Examples Robbery” (742) [emphasis added]. Flyer 2017! As the Dental Resume Examples | Resume Pdf narrator in Chapter Eleven points out, “There never was, there never had been, there never again should be, such a man as Mr. Merdle” (597). Just as the novel demonstrates again, perhaps inadvertently the amoral independence of Letter characters such as Monsieur Rigaud, Mr. Dental Resume Examples! Dorrit, and Mr. Merdle, and punishes them accordingly by killing them at the hand of those forces within themselves that catalyzed their sacrifice of Gas Forms: Uniform Form others Malice, Self-absorption, Ignorance, Greed, etc. the novel also displays those moral, self-sacrificing characters, as independent of | Resume social or domestic categories. That is to say, it is not only the amoral characters who eradicate a moral mold of social or domestic distinctions.
Let us now consider for what or for whom these self-sacrificing characters sacrificed themselves, how they stand morally independent of social or domestic category, and likewise how the novel rewards them for this moral behavior. The obvious example is Amy Dorrit, who sacrifices herself for just about everybody she meets in the novel (excepting young John Chivery, poor fellow). In fact, she sacrifices so much for the well-being of Gas Forms: Uniform Allocation Return others that her family’s existence entirely depends on Amy’s selfless industriousness: “My brother would have been quite lost without Amy,” says Mr. Dorrit. “We should all have been lost without Amy” (108). Any reader of Little Dorrit should not need further examples of Amy’s sacrificial character; however, her moral independence may not be as obvious. That she is the daughter of a poor family, or even that she is a child of an Dental Format Download imprisoned widower (and therefore might seem to be saddled with greater responsibility), is not enough to explain her selfless actions for others; consider Tip and Fanny, both of Developing Compliance Work (2015 Institu… whom are thrust into the same circumstances, and both of whom unload the sacrifices they ought to make onto the already feeble back of their youngest sibling. Additionally, just as was the case with her father, Amy’s actions stand entirely independent of Armstrong’s supposed cause-and-effect of Assistant Format Download Pdf domestic disorder and moral degeneracy.
Amy also pays no heed to the “social ideology [that] inscribed the lower classes as inherently less moral, less delicate, more physical, and more capable of strenuous labor” (Langland, 295). Allocation Return Form! Amy’s behavior actually renders this attempted categorization totally laughable, as she is more moral, more delicate, less physical, and less capable of strenuous labor. The novel itself identifies Amy as morally independent of others who share her social or domestic category, explaining that “she was inspired to Dental Assistant Format Pdf, be something which was not what the rest were, and to be that something, different and laborious, for Letter Setup, the sake of the rest” (86). Amy’s ideals of being something, or doing something, “for the sake of the rest” is perhaps one of wholesome nostalgia. (Esther Somerson from Bleak House, as mentioned earlier, might coincide with Amy here as well). In the same article referenced earlier concerning domestic and moral disorder, Nancy Armstrong discusses Peter Gaskell’s lamentation of. the passing of a time when families were bound together by the strong link of affection, each member in Dental Resume Format Pdf, its turn, as it attained an Easter Flyer Easter 2017 age fitted for Assistant Examples Format, the loom, joined its labor to the general stock, its earnings forming part of a fund, the whole of which was placed at the disposal of the Sir Or Letter. Madam father or the mother, as the case may be; and each individual looked to him or to her for the adequate supply of Dental Resume Examples | Resume Format Download its wants.’  Aside from the discussion of role reversals upon Easter Egg Hunt Flyer – Happy 2017, which this paper’s thesis could have rested entirely (and differently), and for which another twenty pages would be necessary this passage, when considering the Examples Dorrit family’s dependence upon Amy’s sacrifices, seems to A Meaningful Plan (2015 Compliance Institu…, deposit her amid an old-fashioned family unity that the rest of the Dorrits selfishly resist. Or perhaps the rest of the Dorrits are unknowingly caught in the sway of what Blumberg calls “the emergent system of consumer capitalism, [which] with its emphasis on materialism and material success, recommended taking advantage of the sacrifices of others ” (513). Among other things, considering the Dorrit family in Dental | Resume Format, accordance with Gaskell’s lamentation serves to morally distinguish her from others in her social or domestic sphere.
This lack of help from the family becomes more interesting when the Flyer 2017 novel reaches its conclusion and Arthur, perhaps siding with the reader, declares to Assistant Format Pdf, Amy, “It is Gas Forms: Allocation Form, not my imprisonment only that will soon be over. This sacrifice of you must be ended” (849). I mention Arthur’s acknowledgement of Amy’s sacrifices here specifically with regard to the lack of offered help from Resume Amy’s family because it seems the person best equipped to help Amy is a self-sacrificing character who also subscribes to a similar set of moral principles. Amy, of course, is not the only character benefiting from Arthur’s self-sacrifices. The entire Dorrit family benefits from the sacrifices of his time, energy, and Gas Forms: Allocation Return Form money, and if these were not enough, he accepts the full burden of the ruined partnership venture with Daniel Doyce. In addition to mentioning for what or for whom Arthur sacrifices himself, it is important to reveal how the novel describes the beautiful history of Dental Assistant Examples Format Download his moral development: He was a dreamer in such wise, because he was a man who had deep-rooted in Cover, his nature , a belief in all the gentle and good things this life had been without. Bred in meanness and hard dealing, this had rescued him to be a man of Dental Assistant Resume Pdf honorable mind and open hand. Bred in coldness and severity, this had rescued him to have a warm and sympathetic heart. Bred in a creed to darkly audacious to pursue, through its process of reversing the Plan making of man in Dental, the image of his Creator to the making of his Creator in the image of an Cover Letter erring man, this had rescued him to Assistant Resume | Resume, judge not, and in humility to be merciful, and have hope and charity.  It is hardly worth pointing out Gas Forms: Return Form, that Arthur’s moral character is independent of social and domestic categories, since the novel tells us it is rather “deep-rooted in his nature.” However, for the sake of thicker substance, I will say that his moral character cannot be attributed to his experiences in Resume Download, travel (or to Cosmopolitanism), for we have only to look at Rigaud and Mr.
Merdle; it cannot be that he is a son (of any social class), for we have only to look at Tip Dorrit and Henry Gowon; it cannot be his domestic rootlessness or his bitter upbringing, firstly because he lives unaware of his illegitimacy, but secondly and more importantly because Ms. Wade, also “bred in Egg Hunt Flyer, coldness and severity,” while committing no real harm, has anything but “hope and Resume Examples | Resume Download Pdf charity.” It cannot be the Dear Madam Cover Dear / Sir, domestic disorder of the Clennam household this paper has already said plenty on that topic. In short, it cannot be anything to do with social or domestic classes. The novel has created Arthur, just as it created Amy, as a selfless character morally independent of those with whom he shares typical social and domestic categories. Whereas the Assistant Resume Examples | Resume Format Download Pdf novel punishes those characters who sacrificed others particularly by sacrificing them to the vices that catalyzed those sacrifices the characters who have sacrificed themselves for others Little Dorrit and Developing Plan (2015 Compliance Institu… Arthur Clennam find themselves rewarded for their moral behavior. 7 Specifically, they tie the Dental Assistant Examples Download knot and enter “a modest life of Madam Dear / Sir, usefulness and happiness” (859). This contrasts with Beauchamp’s Career in which the protagonist, while curiously in a loveless yet happy marriage, is punished (drowned) in his selfless moral act of Dental Assistant Resume Examples Format Download saving a drowning child. One might read a reward into that, though that is for another essay all together. Similarly, the Tulliver children of Mill on the Floss are punished (drowned) in their attempt to Uniform Return, find and save Lucy Deane, however both children can as well be guilty of sacrificing others for their own ends, and thus deserve the Dental | Resume Download drowning according to the reward-punishment system discussed above. Regarding Little Dorrit ’s self-sacrificers, the reader should understand that although Arthur and Amy’s reward does not necessarily cease their sacrifices they continue “to give a mother’s care to Fanny’s neglected children no less than their own . . . and to give a tender nurse and friend to Tip” this does not negate their reward. The novel describes them as “inseparable and blessed” and knows that they find “happiness” in seeing “the light shine on others and hailing it” (859, 181).
Of course, neither one of them has hardly any capital to Easter – Happy Easter, their name, but with the fates of other characters mentioned in this essay, it is hard to imagine they would prefer anything to honorable moral company. By now, it might be tempting to recall the characters this paper has put beneath the moral microscope and think that many of Assistant Resume | Resume Format Download them have found ways to except themselves from the rule, as the saying goes. That is to say, the novel makes judgments about the morals of Egg Hunt Flyer specific social and domestic categories parents, children, cosmopolitan, provincial, poor, wealthy, etc. but shows how certain characters have found ways to behave outside of those conventions. However, when the number of exceptions becomes equal to or near the amount of Dental Assistant Resume Examples | Resume Format rules, the Dear Madam foundations of the Dental Assistant Examples | Resume Download Pdf rules (behavioral conventions and stereotypes in this case) become brittle at best. This is especially the Flyer 2017 2017 case when there exists more than one exception to a given convention. Arthur Clennam is Resume | Resume Download Pdf, not the Flyer – Happy Easter 2017 only cosmopolitan character who subscribes to honorable moral behavior; consider Mr. Dental Examples Pdf! Meagles and Mrs. General. Likewise, Monsieur Rigaud is not the only cosmopolitan character to behave wickedly; remember “the greatest Forger and the Greatest Thief that ever cheated the gallows” (742). The same can be said for characters under the circumstance of domestic disorder.
Arthur and Amy both emerge as the novel’s two most selfless, morally behaving characters, yet the other members of the Dorrit family are morally blind or shallow. Developing A Meaningful Compliance! No matter which social or domestic category presents itself in | Resume Format Pdf, Little Dorrit , there are always at For An Awesome Powerpoint least two characters who behave morally independent of Dental Assistant Examples | Resume Format that category. It is important to notice that behaving independently of social or domestic category is not synonymous with behaving in A Meaningful Work (2015 Compliance Institu…, a certain way despite behavioral conventions typically associated with a given social or domestic categeory. After all, to behave despite X first requires an acknowledgement of Assistant Examples | Resume Format Pdf X’s existence and then requires one to Setup, behave in a way contrary to X X in this case meaning “lower-class citizens behave this way,” or “capitalists behave this way,” and so on. That Little Dorrit ’s characters act independently however, insinuates that its characters’ social or domestic category has no bearing whatsoever on the morality of their behavior. This does not suggest that social or domestic categories do not exist in Little Dorrit (that would be downright silly), but rather suggests, as the reader may recall from the Assistant Format Download Pdf introduction, that each character has the willful agency to behave in a way that is morally independent of those who share his or her social or domestic category. 8 Tips Powerpoint! Removing morality from the discussion, there are undoubtedly many things which social and domestic categories can and Resume Examples | Resume Format probably do influence, inside and outside of the novel.
However, that is Dear Sir Or Madam / Sir, | Wordreference, not with what this paper, in its limited scope, concerns itself. By demonstrating again, perhaps inadvertently that characters (and likely the Dental Assistant Examples Format citizens of the society within which, for Powerpoint Presentation, which, or about which the novel was written) can act morally and selflessly independent of any social or domestic category, Little Dorrit creates individuals in a society obsessed with compartmentalizing the many levels of social and domestic life in Dental Examples Download, Victorian England. Amanda Anderson is Letter, perhaps the literary critic most in touch with this as she explains “it is crucial to note that Dickens does seek at least partly to ground the capacity for achieved attachments in Dental Resume Examples Pdf, individual nature or temperament” (76). 8 Tips For An Presentation! She carries this idea further by saying “the true moral distinction that Dickens makes is between those who assert forms of redemptive belief against such bleak conditions and those who fail to do so” [emphasis added] (76). Dental Assistant Examples | Resume Download! A character’s moral development goes beyond just “redemptive belief against such bleak conditions,” however. As exemplified in Design, Mr. Merdle, it is the characters in Dental Resume Examples Format Download, all conditions of society from top to bottom, side to side who must strive to Letter Setup, hone selfless moral dispositions. Critics of the Victorian novel, and likewise of Charles Dickens, will continue to Dental Assistant Examples Download Pdf, draw lines around social and domestic categories, shaping and reshaping them as a new theory demands it.
However, with the Cover Letter lens of morality, these boundaries dissipate more and Dental Assistant | Resume more, and eventually disappear. This dissipation especially plays out in moral boundaries concerning social classes that is Set Brochure Poster Design Abstract Vector, lower-, middle-, or upper-class distinctions. As we see in Little Dorrit , members of the upper-classes include both moral and amoral characters, and the same can be said for the lower-classes. Most interesting perhaps is Mr. Dorrit, who moves from the Resume | Resume Format lower society of the Marshalsea to Gas Forms: Uniform Allocation Form, upper-society toward the end of the novel, and behaves immorally in both. The creation of these morally independent characters also justifies the reward or punishment divvied out to them.
Since it is easier to gauge a character’s moral disposition by the extreme forms of morality, there was no better assessment than to Assistant Resume | Resume Download, follow Little Dorrit ’s characters into their engagement with sacrifice sacrificing oneself for the sake of others being the extreme form of selfless moral behavior, and sacrificing others (either in full knowledge or negligence) being the extreme form of immoral behavior. Little Dorrit rightfully rewards those characters Arthur and Amy who willing sacrificed themselves for the sake of others by granting them happiness. 8 Tips Awesome Powerpoint! Conversely, the novel punishes (by death) those characters who sacrificed others, fittingly at the hand of the forces within themselves that catalyzed their sacrifice of others. Assistant | Resume Format Pdf! In other words, none of the immoral characters die accidentally; if a character is guilty of something as serious as sacrificing others, he or she can never be an innocent bystander. As more critics begin to consider the ways in which Little Dorrit exercises the ideas of Developing Compliance Plan morality, sacrifice, and individuality as discussed in this paper, this novel will likely join other Victorian works considered to be one of the “novels [that] served among the century’s chief agents in secularizing and spreading the gospel of self-sacrifice” (Blumberg 514). This consideration will perhaps prove useful in an analysis of Victorian culture outside the novel as well, with the understanding that.
the nineteenth-century novel is Dental Assistant Resume Format Pdf, drawn to Allocation Return Form, self-sacrifice in part as an exploration of Assistant Resume | Resume Format Download Pdf its own aesthetic and historical tensions: between individual psychology and social structure; between idealized and realist representation; between the sympathetic, socially concerned aims of Cover Setup its writers and their professional, commercial ambitions. [Blumberg 516] Not only does Little Dorrit demonstrate the possibility of moral self-cultivation, but insists on it, and Dental Assistant Resume Examples Pdf rewards or punishes those characters according to their moral behavior. In short, no one gets away with anything because everyone’s accountable for themselves. Optimists would love to believe this is representative of Gas Forms: Return Form real Victorian society and even of real life today, but realists who want justice served ought to stay inside and read another book.
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What caused the Civil War? What are the continuing effects of slavery on American society? What was the cause of the increasing interest in feminism in the 1960s and 1970s? How were WWII veterans affected by their wartime experiences? What effect did WWII have on the Jewish people? What effect did Christianity have on the Roman empire? What caused the Arab Spring? What are the effects of the Arab Spring? What effect has the GI Bill, which educates soldiers, had on universities in the U.S.? What was the effect of Return, colonialism on Britain's view of itself?
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What is the Dear Sir Or Letter. Madam | Wordreference cause of increased militancy on the part of North Korea? by LisaKoski 29. Research Topics in English Literature. by LisaKoski 34. 100 Exploratory Essay Topic Ideas. by Virginia Kearney 0. Assistant Resume Format Download Pdf! How to Write a Summary, Analysis, and Set Brochure Poster Templates Stock Response Essay Paper With Examples. by Dental Resume | Resume Pdf, Virginia Kearney 56. How to Dear Madam / Sir,, Write a Proposal Essay/Paper. by Laura Writes 40.
100 Problem Solution Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 42. This was great for me because I had to write an essay about some kind of topic with a cause and an effect and this website gave me some really good ideas, Thank You! Virginia Kearney 3 months ago from United States. Sophia--I'm so glad that this helped you. I especially enjoy teaching Chinese students. I have traveled in Examples Download Pdf, China four different times and love your country very much! I am a Chinese student and I think your sharing did help me a lot. Thank you ! this is a great sight for Dear Sir Or Cover Letter. Dear / Sir,, my informational reading and writing class its good. Assistant Format Pdf! Hi thanks for helping me. these topics are really good.. Cover Setup! i used some of these topics for my projects and got great marks.. i got A+ in Dental Assistant | Resume Format, all my projects , i am in 7th grade. Letter! hubber8893 18 months ago.
I think you have presented some great Ideas for hub about relationships. Hugh Johnson 18 months ago. These topics had a BIG impact on my life. Thanks for your LARGE ammount of tips. Assistant Format Pdf! These topics really helped me for school. Ruby 19 months ago from United States. Creative idea for a hub, what was your case and effect for making it lol. WOW this is Work Plan Compliance Institu…, super great to look up stuff for an assignment. Awesome topics thanks a million.
Dwight Goliday Jr 23 months ago from East Saint Louis. Wow. There are a lot things that cause and effect. Very informative write. Virginia Kearney 23 months ago from United States. Thanks Zakeycia and YoLex. My students have come up with most of these topics through the years and now this is my most visited article so they must have done a good job! I think it got over 2000 views one day last week! This is awesome I wish I'd found this hub before I graduated college lol! Great work! Zakeycia Dickens 23 months ago.
I have a cause and effect essay to type for my English class. I was having a hard time coming up with a topic. Your website and topic suggestions were very helpful. Thank you. Rasheedah Abdul-Hakeem 2 years ago. Thanks.
Great topics. Dental Assistant Examples | Resume Download Pdf! James Packard 2 years ago from Columbia, Missouri. What a great hub! Debatable issues (especially political, social, environmental and behavioural) are great hub topics. They are good to write about to do research and clear up one's own viewpoint, but they also get people talking, and Dear Madam Cover Madam also spark very needed discussion. Thanks for sharing.
Liza Treadwell Esq aka Liza Lugo JD 2 years ago from New York, NY. I love this one, VirginiaLynne. Your hubs are so valuable to students and professional writers. Cause and effect papers are among the most interesting to read. I voted this hub up, useful, and interesting. I am bookmarking this hub for Dental Examples Format Pdf, future reference. I know I'll be using it! Keep up the excellent work here.
Marilyn L Davis 2 years ago from Gas Forms: Allocation Return Georgia. Good afternoon, Virginia; excellent examples for all categories. Well done. Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from Assistant Pdf United States. Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from United States. Hi Gertrude--These two words are ones that are often confused. Affect also means to produce an effect upon as well as to influence. I will double check my usage in this Hub just to make sure I haven't made an error. Thanks!
Gertrude McFuzz 2 years ago. Easter – Happy 2017! These are great topics. I just have one comment. Sometimes you use effect when you should use affect. affect = influence - usually a verb. effect= result - usually a noun. effect= cause - not used that often - verb. Shamim Rajabali 3 years ago from Dental Assistant Resume Examples Pdf Texas. This will come in handy for my English class. Sir Or Madam Letter.! Thanks. I Love it very much. Assistant Resume Examples | Resume Download! rakesh ranjana 3 years ago.
Social causes are growing up in lot more ways, knowing it and having a knowledge about it through this site, will help a lot in many ways for Cover Letter Setup, people to understand there relationship and social problems. Great hub! I like your ideas, it is something different innovative. Vote up! Thanks! This is helpful.
Vote up. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Assistant Examples | Resume Format Pdf! Sumnerswett--I teach MLA format because that is Letter, used by most American colleges in their English departments. Assistant Resume Format Pdf! However, you are very right to point out that APA and Chicago and other formats are used in different types of courses. I think considering cause and effect is sometimes a bit confusing because it depends on / Sir,, where you view the start of the situation. Often a cause creates an Dental | Resume Download, effect, which causes another situation. Gas Forms: Return Form! Sometimes it is hard to pull them apart. That is why I usually like to call this a speculating about causes essay, because we can't always definitively determine the Dental Assistant | Resume Download absolute cause, but we can always speculate and argue for the most important causes, or the most important effects that we see in a situation. Sumner Swett 3 years ago from Owls Head Maine.
Okay so cause and Poster Stock Vector effect essays are written in different formats, but let me say in my college profession for Dental Resume Examples | Resume Pdf, the essays to be written were to be in Uniform Return, APA format, and Assistant Examples | Resume Format it is Poster Design Stock, interesting when researching and writing whether it is from information you have researched or if it free lance. I like to Dental Assistant Examples | Resume Format, research topics before writing and also note taking is effective. The cause is Uniform Form, what causes the situation and the effect is what you have to Resume Examples | Resume Format, take into consideration to the cause as we all know it. Kimberly Lake 3 years ago from California. Great topics! Voted up and Design Templates Vector shared. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from Resume Examples | Resume Format Download Pdf United States.
Leidy--That is a great essay topic. I think that some of that labeling can be positive and other aspects are negative. It can encourage students to Compliance, believe that they are capable, but it can discourage them by making them think that they don't need to Assistant Resume Examples | Resume, work hard, or that if they don't achieve a high grade on everything, they have failed. Seth Tomko 3 years ago from Awesome Macon, GA. A good and diverse collection of topics. I'll be sure to have my students check out Dental Assistant | Resume Format Pdf some of these for their own essays. Annie Miller 4 years ago from Wichita Falls, Texas.
Very interesting and in depth Hub. I am passing this along and saving it, as well! Chris Achilleos 4 years ago. Great hub Virginia, I have written these types of essays before, and I have found the information that you have presented here to be excellent. Uniform Form! Thank you for sharing.
Voted up and useful! Virginia Kearney 4 years ago from United States. Thanks so much Carol! You are always an encouragement. carol stanley 4 years ago from Arizona. This is something to save when trying to come up with new writing ideas. Great hub. Going to pass this along and of course vote up. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Examples Download Pdf! Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of For An, their respective owners.
HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc. HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on | Resume Download Pdf, this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and Cover Letter Setup others. Dental Assistant Resume Format Pdf! Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners.
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far cotr resume This subpart provides policies and establishes responsibilities for recording and maintaining contractor performance information. This subpart does not apply to procedures used by | Resume Pdf agencies in determining fees under award or incentive fee contracts. See subpart 16.4. However, the A Meaningful Work Compliance Institu…, fee amount paid to contractors should be reflective of the contractor’s performance and Dental Assistant Resume Format Download the past performance evaluation should closely parallel and be consistent with the 8 Tips Awesome Powerpoint, fee determinations. (a) Past performance information (including the ratings and supporting narratives) is relevant information, for future source selection purposes, regarding a contractor’s actions under previously awarded contracts or orders. It includes, for Examples Format Pdf, example, the contractor’s record of (1) Conforming to requirements and to standards of good workmanship; (2) Forecasting and controlling costs; (3) Adherence to Easter Easter schedules, including the Resume Examples | Resume Format, administrative aspects of performance; (4) Reasonable and cooperative behavior and commitment to customer satisfaction; (5) Reporting into Easter Egg Hunt Flyer 2017 – Happy databases (see subpart 4.14, and Resume Examples Format Download reporting requirements in the solicitation provisions and Dear Sir Or Madam Cover Letter. Dear Madam | Wordreference clauses referenced in 9.104-7); (6) Integrity and business ethics; and. (7) Business-like concern for the interest of the customer.
(b) Agencies shall monitor their compliance with the Assistant | Resume, past performance evaluation requirements (see 42.1502), and use the Contractor Performance Assessment Reporting System (CPARS) and Past Performance Information Retrieval System (PPIRS) metric tools to measure the quality and 2017 2017 timely reporting of past performance information. (a) General. Past performance evaluations shall be prepared at least annually and at the time the work under a contract or order is completed. Past performance evaluations are required for contracts and orders as specified in paragraphs (b) through (f) of this section, including contracts and orders performed outside the Dental | Resume Pdf, United States. These evaluations are generally for the entity, division, or unit that performed the contract or order. Past performance information shall be entered into CPARS, the Governmentwide evaluation reporting tool for all past performance reports on contracts and orders. Instructions for submitting evaluations into CPARS are available at Allocation http://www.cpars.gov/. (b) Contracts.
Except as provided in paragraphs (e), (f), and (h) of this section, agencies shall prepare evaluations of contractor performance for Examples | Resume Format Download Pdf, each contract (as defined in FAR part 2) that exceeds the simplified acquisition threshold and for Set Brochure Templates Stock Vector, each order that exceeds the simplified acquisition threshold. Agencies are required to prepare an evaluation if a modification to Assistant Examples | Resume Format the contract causes the Uniform Allocation Return, dollar amount to Dental Assistant Examples | Resume Format Download Pdf exceed the simplified acquisition threshold. (c) Orders under multiple-agency contracts. Agencies shall prepare an evaluation of Work (2015 Compliance, contractor performance for each order that exceeds the simplified acquisition threshold that is placed under a Federal Supply Schedule contract or placed under a task-order contract or a delivery-order contract awarded by Resume Examples Format Download another agency (i.e., Governmentwide acquisition contract or multi-agency contract). Agencies placing orders under their own multiple-agency contract shall also prepare evaluations for Gas Forms: Allocation Return Form, their own orders.
This evaluation shall not consider the Dental Format Pdf, requirements under paragraph (g) of this section. Agencies are required to prepare an evaluation if a modification to the order causes the dollar amount to exceed the simplified acquisition threshold. (d) Orders under single-agency contracts. For single-agency task-order and delivery-order contracts, the contracting officer may require performance evaluations for each order in A Meaningful Compliance Plan, excess of the Assistant Examples Format Pdf, simplified acquisition threshold when such evaluations would produce more useful past performance information for Set Brochure Poster Templates Abstract, source selection officials than that contained in Dental Resume | Resume Format Download Pdf, the overall contract evaluation (e.g., when the scope of the basic contract is Sir Or Madam Letter. Dear / Sir, very broad and the nature of individual orders could be significantly different). This evaluation need not consider the requirements under paragraph (g) of this section unless the Dental Assistant Format Download Pdf, contracting officer deems it appropriate. (e) Past performance evaluations shall be prepared for each construction contract of $700,000 or more, and for each construction contract terminated for default regardless of contract value. Past performance evaluations may also be prepared for Sir Or Cover Letter., construction contracts below $700,000. (f) Past performance evaluations shall be prepared for each architect-engineer services contract of $35,000 or more, and for Assistant Examples Format Pdf, each architect-engineer services contract that is terminated for Developing A Meaningful Compliance Work Plan Institu…, default regardless of contract value. Past performance evaluations may also be prepared for architect-engineer services contracts below $35,000. (g) Past performance evaluations shall include an assessment of the | Resume Download Pdf, contractor’s (1) Performance against, and Letter Setup efforts to Dental Pdf achieve, the Letter Setup, goals identified in the small business subcontracting plan when the Dental Assistant Download, contract includes the Set Brochure Templates, clause at 52.219-9, Small Business Subcontracting Plan; and. (2) Reduced or untimely payments (as defined in 19.701), made to small business subcontractors, determined by the contracting officer to be unjustified.
The contracting officer shall (i) Consider and evaluate a contractor’s written explanation for a reduced or an untimely payment when determining whether the Assistant Resume Examples Format, reduced or untimely payment is Awesome Powerpoint justified; and. (ii) Determine that a history of unjustified reduced or untimely payments has occurred when the contractor has reported three or more occasions of unjustified reduced or untimely payments under a single contract within a 12-month period (see 42.1503(h)(1)(vi) and the evaluation ratings in Download, Table 42-2). The following payment or nonpayment situations are not considered to be unjustified: (A) There is a contract dispute on performance. (B) A partial payment is Powerpoint made for amounts not in dispute. (C) A payment is reduced due to past overpayments.
(D) There is an Dental Assistant Resume | Resume Pdf administrative mistake. (E) Late performance by the subcontractor leads to Gas Forms: Uniform Allocation later payment by the prime contractor. (h) Agencies shall not evaluate performance for contracts awarded under subpart 8.7. (i) Agencies shall promptly report other contractor information in accordance with 42.1503(h). (j) Past performance evaluations shall include an | Resume Format Download assessment of contractor’s labor violation information when the contract includes the 8 Tips For An, clause at Assistant | Resume Download Pdf 52.222-59, Compliance with Labor Laws (Executive Order 13673). Gas Forms: Uniform Form! Using information available to a contracting officer, past performance evaluations shall consider (1) A contractor’s relevant labor law violation information, e.g. Dental Assistant Resume | Resume Format Download! , timely implementation of remedial measures and Egg Hunt 2017 – Happy compliance with those remedial measures (including related labor compliance agreement(s)); and. (2) The extent to which the prime contractor addressed labor law violations by its subcontractors. Note to paragraph (j): By a court order issued on October 24, 2016, this paragraph (j) is enjoined indefinitely as of the date of the order. The enjoined paragraph will become effective immediately if the court terminates the injunction.
At that time, GSA, DoD and Assistant Resume Format NASA will publish a document in the Federal Register advising the public of the termination of the injunction. (a)(1) Agencies shall assign responsibility and management accountability for the completeness of past performance submissions. Agency procedures for the past performance evaluation system shall (i) Generally provide for input to the evaluations from the technical office, contracting office, program management office, agency labor compliance advisor (ALCA) office (see subpart 22.20), and, where appropriate, quality assurance and end users of the product or service; Note to paragraph (a)(1)(i): By a court order issued on October 24, 2016, the words “agency labor compliance advisor (ALCA) office (see subpart 22.20)” in this paragraph (a)(1)(i) are enjoined indefinitely as of the date of the order. The enjoined words will become effective immediately if the Templates Stock, court terminates the injunction. At that time, GSA, DoD and Resume Examples | Resume Download Pdf NASA will publish a document in Developing A Meaningful Compliance Work Plan Compliance Institu…, the Federal Register advising the public of the termination of the injunction. (ii) Identify and assign past performance evaluation roles and responsibilities to those individuals responsible for preparing and Dental Resume Examples Format Download reviewing interim evaluations, if prepared, and final evaluations (e.g., contracting officers, contracting officer representatives, project managers, and program managers).
Those individuals identified may obtain information for the evaluation of performance from the program office, administrative contracting office, audit office, end users of the 8 Tips For An Awesome Presentation, product or service, ALCA, and any other technical or business advisor, as appropriate; and. Note to paragraph (a)(1)(ii): By a court order issued on October 24, 2016, the word “ALCA” in this paragraph (a)(1)(ii) are enjoined indefinitely as of the date of the Assistant Resume, order. The enjoined words will become effective immediately if the Set Brochure Design Abstract Vector, court terminates the injunction. At that time, GSA, DoD and NASA will publish a document in the Federal Register advising the Download Pdf, public of the termination of the injunction. (iii) Address management controls and appropriate management reviews of past performance evaluations, to include accountability for Gas Forms: Uniform Return Form, documenting past performance on PPIRS. (2) If agency procedures do not specify the individuals responsible for past performance evaluation duties, the contracting officer is responsible for this function. (3) Interim evaluations may be prepared as required, in accordance with agency procedures. (b)(1) The evaluation should include a clear, non-technical description of the principal purpose of the contract or order.
The evaluation should reflect how the Dental Download, contractor performed. Developing A Meaningful Compliance Work Plan! The evaluation should include clear relevant information that accurately depicts the contractor’s performance, and be based on objective facts supported by program and contract or order performance data. The evaluations should be tailored to the contract type, size, content, and complexity of the contractual requirements. (2) Evaluation factors for each assessment shall include, at a minimum, the Dental Assistant Resume Format Pdf, following: (i) Technical (quality of product or service). (ii) Cost control (not applicable for firm-fixed-price or fixed-price with economic price adjustment arrangements). (iv) Management or business relations. (v) Small business subcontracting, including reduced or untimely payments to small business subcontractors when 19.702(a) requires a subcontracting plan (as applicable, see Table 42-2). (vi) Other (as applicable) ( e.g ., trafficking violations, tax delinquency, failure to report in accordance with contract terms and conditions, defective cost or pricing data, terminations, suspension and debarments). (3) Evaluation factors may include subfactors. (4) Each factor and subfactor used shall be evaluated and a supporting narrative provided.
Each evaluation factor, as listed in paragraph (b)(2) of this section, shall be rated in accordance with a five scale rating system (i.e., exceptional, very good, satisfactory, marginal, and unsatisfactory). The ratings and Easter Egg Hunt Flyer narratives must reflect the Assistant Format Pdf, definitions in Sir Or Dear Madam, the tables 42-1 or 42-2 of this section. (c)(1) When the contract provides for incentive fees, the incentive-fee contract performance evaluation shall be entered into CPARS. (2) When the Dental Assistant Examples | Resume Format Pdf, contract provides for award fee, the award fee-contract performance adjectival rating as described in 16.401(e)(3) shall be entered into Dear Madam Dear / Sir, CPARS. (d) Agency evaluations of contractor performance, including both negative and Dental Assistant Resume Examples | Resume Pdf positive evaluations, prepared under this subpart shall be provided to the contractor as soon as practicable after completion of the evaluation.
The contractor will receive a CPARS-system generated notification when an evaluation is ready for comment. Contractors shall be afforded up to 14 calendar days from the date of Developing Compliance Work Plan (2015 Compliance Institu…, notification of availability of the Assistant Resume Examples Format Download, past performance evaluation to submit comments, rebutting statements, or additional information. Sir Or Dear Madam / Sir,! Agencies shall provide for review at a level above the contracting officer to consider disagreements between the parties regarding the evaluation. Dental Assistant Format! The ultimate conclusion on Easter Flyer 2017 – Happy Easter, the performance evaluation is a decision of the contracting agency. Copies of the evaluation, contractor response, and review comments, if any, shall be retained as part of the evaluation.
These evaluations may be used to support future award decisions, and should therefore be marked “Source Selection Information”. Evaluation of Federal Prison Industries (FPI) performance may be used to support a waiver request (see 8.604) when FPI is a mandatory source in accordance with subpart 8.6. The completed evaluation shall not be released to other than Government personnel and the contractor whose performance is being evaluated during the period the information may be used to provide source selection information. Disclosure of such information could cause harm both to the commercial interest of the Assistant Examples Download Pdf, Government and to the competitive position of the contractor being evaluated as well as impede the efficiency of Government operations. Evaluations used in determining award or incentive fee payments may also be used to satisfy the requirements of this subpart. A copy of the annual or final past performance evaluation shall be provided to the contractor as soon as it is finalized. (e) Agencies shall require frequent evaluation (e.g., monthly, quarterly) of agency compliance with the reporting requirements in Dear Sir Or Madam Madam, 42.1502, so agencies can readily identify delinquent past performance reports and Examples | Resume Format Download monitor their reports for quality control. (f) Agencies shall prepare and 2017 submit all past performance evaluations electronically in the CPARS at http://www.cpars.gov/. These evaluations, including any contractor-submitted information (with indication whether agency review is pending), are automatically transmitted to PPIRS at http://www.ppirs.gov. not later than 14 days after the date on which the contractor is notified of the Dental Examples Format, evaluation’s availability for comment. The Government shall update PPIRS with any contractor comments provided after 14 days, as well as any subsequent agency review of Developing A Meaningful Work Plan (2015, comments received. Past performance evaluations for classified contracts and special access programs shall not be reported in CPARS, but will be reported as stated in this subpart and in accordance with agency procedures.
Agencies shall ensure that appropriate management and technical controls are in Dental Examples | Resume Format Download Pdf, place to ensure that only authorized personnel have access to the data and Madam Letter. Dear Madam the information safeguarded in | Resume Format Pdf, accordance with 42.1503(d). (g) Agencies shall use the Dear Sir Or Cover Letter. Dear Madam, past performance information in PPIRS that is within three years (six for construction and architect-engineer contracts) of the completion of performance of the Dental Assistant Examples | Resume Format Download, evaluated contract or order, and information contained in the Federal Awardee Performance and Integrity Information System (FAPIIS), e.g., terminations for Easter 2017 – Happy Easter 2017, default or cause. (h) Other contractor performance information. (1) Agencies shall ensure information is Dental Resume Download Pdf accurately reported in the FAPIIS module of Developing Work Plan (2015, CPARS within 3 calendar days after a contracting officer (i) Issues a final determination that a contractor has submitted defective cost or pricing data; (ii) Makes a subsequent change to the final determination concerning defective cost or pricing data pursuant to Assistant Resume Examples 15.407-1(d); (iii) Issues a final termination for cause or default notice; (iv) Makes a subsequent withdrawal or a conversion of a termination for default to a termination for convenience; (v) Receives a final determination after an Easter Egg Hunt Flyer – Happy administrative proceeding, in accordance with 22.1704(d)(1), that substantiates an allegation of a violation of the trafficking in persons prohibitions in 22.1703(a) and 52.222-50(b); or. (vi) Determines that a contractor has a history of three or more unjustified reduced or untimely payments to Assistant Resume Examples Format Pdf small business subcontractors under a single contract within a 12-month period (see 42.1502(g)(2)). (2) The information to Developing A Meaningful be posted in accordance with this paragraph (h) is information relating to contractor performance, but does not constitute a “past performance review,” which would be exempted from public availability in accordance with section 3010 of the Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2010 (Pub. L. 111-212). Dental Resume Download Pdf! Therefore, all such information posted in FAPIIS will be publicly available, unless covered by a disclosure exemption under the Freedom of Information Act (see 9.105-2(b)(2)). (3) Agencies shall establish CPARS focal points who will register users to report data into Letter the FAPIIS module of CPARS (available at http://www.cpars.gov/, then select FAPIIS).
(4) With regard to information that may be covered by a disclosure exemption under the Freedom of Information Act, the contracting officer shall follow the procedures at 9.105-2(b)(2)(iv). (5) References to entries by the Government into FAPIIS that are not performance information . For other entries into FAPIIS by the contracting officer see 9.105-2(b)(2) for documentation of a nonresponsibility determination. See 22.2004-1(c)(6) for documentation by the ALCA of Assistant, a labor compliance agreement. See 9.406-3(f)(1) and 9.407-3(e) for entry by a suspending or debarring official of information regarding an administrative agreement. Note to paragraph (h)(5): By a court order issued on October 24, 2016, this paragraph (h)(5) is enjoined indefinitely as of the date of the order. The enjoined paragraph will become effective immediately if the court terminates the injunction. At that time, GSA, DoD and NASA will publish a document in the Federal Register advising the public of the termination of the Set Brochure Templates Stock, injunction. Performance meets contractual requirements and exceeds many to Dental Resume | Resume Format Pdf the Government’s benefit. The contractual performance of the element or sub-element being evaluated was accomplished with few minor problems for which corrective actions taken by the contractor were highly effective. To justify an Exceptional rating, identify multiple significant events and state how they were of benefit to the Government.
A singular benefit, however, could be of such magnitude that it alone constitutes an Exceptional rating. Also, there should have been NO significant weaknesses identified. Performance meets contractual requirements and exceeds some to the Government’s benefit. The contractual performance of the element or sub-element being evaluated was accomplished with some minor problems for which corrective actions taken by 8 Tips For An Awesome the contractor were effective. To justify a Very Good rating, identify a significant event and state how it was a benefit to the Government. There should have been no significant weaknesses identified. Performance meets contractual requirements. The contractual performance of the Dental Assistant Pdf, element or sub-element contains some minor problems for Dear Sir Or Cover Dear / Sir, | Wordreference, which corrective actions taken by the contractor appear or were satisfactory. To justify a Satisfactory rating, there should have been only minor problems, or major problems the Dental Assistant Resume Examples | Resume Download, contractor recovered from Dear Sir Or Cover Letter. Dear Madam | Wordreference without impact to the contract/order.
There should have been NO significant weaknesses identified. A fundamental principle of assigning ratings is that contractors will not be evaluated with a rating lower than Satisfactory solely for not performing beyond the Dental Resume Pdf, requirements of the contract/order. Performance does not meet some contractual requirements. The contractual performance of the element or sub-element being evaluated reflects a serious problem for 8 Tips Awesome Powerpoint Presentation, which the contractor has not yet identified corrective actions. The contractor’s proposed actions appear only marginally effective or were not fully implemented. To justify Marginal performance, identify a significant event in each category that the contractor had trouble overcoming and state how it impacted the Government. A Marginal rating should be supported by referencing the Dental Resume Examples | Resume Format Pdf, management tool that notified the contractor of the contractual deficiency (e.g., management, quality, safety, or environmental deficiency report or letter). Performance does not meet most contractual requirements and recovery is not likely in a timely manner. The contractual performance of the element or sub-element contains a serious problem(s) for which the contractor’s corrective actions appear or were ineffective.
To justify an Unsatisfactory rating, identify multiple significant events in each category that the contractor had trouble overcoming and state how it impacted the Dear Letter. Dear Madam | Wordreference, Government. A singular problem, however, could be of such serious magnitude that it alone constitutes an Examples Format Download Pdf unsatisfactory rating. Developing A Meaningful Work (2015! An Unsatisfactory rating should be supported by referencing the management tools used to notify the contractor of the contractual deficiencies (e.g., management, quality, safety, or environmental deficiency reports, or letters). NOTE 1: Plus or minus signs may be used to indicate an improving (+) or worsening (-) trend insufficient to change the evaluation status. NOTE 2: N/A (not applicable) should be used if the ratings are not going to be applied to a particular area for evaluation.
Exceeded all statutory goals or goals as negotiated. Had exceptional success with initiatives to assist, promote, and utilize small business (SB), small disadvantaged business (SDB), women-owned small business (WOSB), HUBZone small business, veteran-owned small business (VOSB) and Dental Download Pdf service disabled veteran owned small business (SDVOSB). Complied with FAR 52.219-8, Utilization of Small Business Concerns. Exceeded any other small business participation requirements incorporated in the contract/order, including the Dear Madam Cover / Sir, | Wordreference, use of small businesses in mission critical aspects of the program. Went above and beyond the required elements of the subcontracting plan and other small business requirements of the contract/order. Completed and submitted Individual Subcontract Reports and/or Summary Subcontract Reports in an accurate and timely manner. Did not have a history of three or more unjustified reduced or untimely payments to small business subcontractors within a 12-month period. To justify an Exceptional rating, identify multiple significant events and state how they were a benefit to small business utilization. A singular benefit, however, could be of Dental Resume Examples | Resume Download, such magnitude that it constitutes an Exceptional rating. Small businesses should be given meaningful and innovative work directly related to the contract, and opportunities should not be limited to indirect work such as cleaning offices, supplies, landscaping, etc. Also, there should have been no significant weaknesses identified.
Met all of the Easter Egg Hunt Flyer 2017 – Happy Easter 2017, statutory goals or goals as negotiated. Had significant success with initiatives to assist, promote and utilize SB, SDB, WOSB, HUBZone, VOSB, and SDVOSB. Complied with FAR 52.219-8, Utilization of Small Business Concerns. Met or exceeded any other small business participation requirements incorporated in the contract/order, including the use of small businesses in Dental Assistant Examples | Resume Format, mission critical aspects of the program. Endeavored to go above and beyond the Flyer 2017 – Happy, required elements of the subcontracting plan. Completed and submitted Individual Subcontract Reports and/or Summary Subcontract Reports in an accurate and timely manner. Did not have a history of three or more unjustified reduced or untimely payments to small business subcontractors within a 12-month period.
To justify a Very Good rating, identify a significant event and state how it was a benefit to small business utilization. Small businesses should be given meaningful and innovative opportunities to participate as subcontractors for work directly related to the contract, and opportunities should not be limited to indirect work such as cleaning offices, supplies, landscaping, etc. There should be no significant weaknesses identified. Demonstrated a good faith effort to meet all of the negotiated subcontracting goals in the various socio-economic categories for the current period. Complied with FAR 52.219-8, Utilization of Small Business Concerns.
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NOTE 1: Plus or minus signs may be used to indicate an improving (+) or worsening (-) trend insufficient to Easter Egg Hunt change evaluation status. NOTE 2: Generally, zero percent is not a goal unless the contracting officer determined when negotiating the subcontracting plan that no subcontracting opportunities exist in a particular socio-economic category. In such cases, the Resume Examples | Resume, contractor shall be considered to Developing (2015 Compliance have met the goal for any socio-economic category where the Resume Examples Format Download Pdf, goal negotiated in the plan was zero. Insert the clause at 52.242-5, Payments to 8 Tips Small Business Subcontractors, in Examples | Resume Download Pdf, all solicitations and contracts containing the clause at 52.219-9, Small Business Subcontracting Plan.
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essay quoting books Download a complete PDF version of this module. Download a complete Word version of this module. Summarizing, Paraphrasing, and Quoting. When writing an essay, you must convey the results of Dental Assistant Resume Format Pdf your research to the reader. This is Gas Forms: Uniform Allocation usually done by summarizing, paraphrasing, or quoting. Summarizing : Summarizing means stating a source's main ideas or points in your own words. A summary does not include the source's supporting details or evidence and Resume Examples | Resume Format Pdf, is therefore shorter and more concise than its source. A good summary will give the reader a general sense of what the original material is without his or her having to Set Brochure Poster Templates Abstract Stock Vector, read it.
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Learning to 8 Tips For An Presentation, summarize, paraphrase and quote correctly is essential to avoiding plagiarism. Plagiarism (i.e. passing off someone else's words or thoughts as your own) is a serious academic offence. Whether summarizing, paraphrasing or quoting, you must footnote, or cite, your source (see the module on footnoting and bibliographies for proper bibliographic format). However, e ven the properly documented paraphrasing of someone else's writing constitutes plagiarism if the paraphrase contains more than 2 or 3 consecutive words from the original that are not enclosed in quotation marks, or uses the Dental Resume Format same syntax (i.e. sentence structure) as the original but with different words. The worst kind of plagiarism, of course, is A Meaningful Compliance submitting an Dental Assistant | Resume Format Download Pdf essay written in Easter Egg Hunt Flyer 2017 2017, whole or in Dental Assistant Resume Format Download, part by someone else.
Even copying a short passage constitutes plagiarism unless the student encloses the passage in quotation marks and acknowledges the source. Abstract. But the student who changes only the odd word in someone else's sentences is also (perhaps unwittingly) committing plagiarism, as is the one who relies heavily on secondary sources for the argument, organization, and main point of his or her paper. You can avoid committing plagiarism unwittingly by Assistant | Resume Download Pdf reading widely on your topic, and by using good research and note-taking techniques. Trent University's Academic Integrity Policy sets out the consequences of Cover Setup plagiarism and other forms of Assistant Format academic dishonesty. Penalties range from a grade of 0 on the essay with no opportunity to Gas Forms: Uniform Allocation Return, re-write, to failure in the course and a permanent record of the | Resume Format Pdf offence on your transcript.
Students who offend repeatedly face suspension and Set Brochure Design Templates Abstract, even expulsion. See Trent University's Undergraduate Academic Integrity Policy for details. Summarize when your reader needs to Dental Resume Examples Download Pdf, know only the main points of the source you are consulting and Easter 2017 – Happy Easter 2017, doesn't need to know your source's supporting details and Dental, evidence or how the points are made. You may want to summarize from a single chapter or article you have read; however, the best essays rely on material from more than one source. Building your own arguments based on material from more than one source has three main advantages: Your material will be more accurate and complete. You will avoid repeating the bias of just one author. You will be less likely to Gas Forms: Allocation Form, copy directly, which will help you to avoid plagiarism.
Read a number of books and articles on your topic, make sense of what is Dental Examples | Resume being said, and rewrite that information in your own words. In most cases, you won't need to Developing A Meaningful Work (2015 Institu…, give all the details included in the originals. There may be too many facts or examples and you will just want to give the main points. Even if you have taken detailed notes, summarize them if that is the most effective way to use them. Be aware, however, that too much summarizing will make your essay too general. Summary should be complemented with more specific evidence and Assistant Resume Examples | Resume Download Pdf, examples. When summarizing from more than one source, your summary should be a synthesis of the For An Awesome Presentation various sources and not simply an alternating series of points from first one text, and then another. Following these steps will help you to Dental Assistant Resume | Resume Pdf, write a good summary of material from more than one original text:
Read a variety of sources on Easter Egg Hunt Easter your topic, take point-form notes, and be sure to document where your notes have come from. Read over your notes from Dental Assistant Resume Examples Download these different sources, and decide which are the main ideas, which ideas you need to include, and which ideas can be omitted. Think about the Set Brochure Poster Design Templates Stock order in which you will present the ideas, grouping similar ideas together. Write a first draft of your summary and check that you have included all the ideas you identified as being important. Check that the summary does not include unnecessary details or repetition from more than one source. Make sure you have documented the sources of the original material. If you rewrite someone else's material in Examples | Resume Pdf, your own words without saying where you found it, you are still plagiarizing. Read through your summary. Edit it and make changes and corrections where necessary to make the ideas and text flow smoothly. An essay consisting entirely of summarized material tends to be very general. You will also need to focus on specific ideas presented in a single text.
This is where paraphrasing is helpful. Use paraphrasing when you want to emphasize the ideas presented in a single, short text, but when you don't want or need to give a direct quotation. If the information is more important than the actual words used, paraphrase the A Meaningful Work Plan Compliance original. It is usually better to paraphrase than to quote directly since quotations are often difficult to integrate smoothly. If you paraphrase, your essay will flow better and your ideas will be clearer. You should paraphrase only a short paragraph or a few sentences. You cannot paraphrase several pages of Assistant | Resume Format Download text; if you attempt to do this, your essay will simply be a re-statement of the idea of Form one author. Your own voice will have been lost, and you will be dangerously close to plagiarism. If you have developed the Dental Assistant Format habit of putting your reading notes into your own words, you will find paraphrasing for an essay much easier.
Where most students err in terms of unintentional plagiarism is not in failing to acknowledge ideas, but in paraphrasing incorrectly. Many novice researchers assume that if paraphrasing means putting a passage in your own words, this can be accomplished by simply substituting synonyms for key terms. Stealing syntax, or sentence structure, is as significant an offence as stealing an idea because, as you know from your own writing experience, trying to phrase a point exactly is a difficult art. Proper paraphrasing depends on thorough comprehension of material, not on a thesaurus. For example, consider this passage: The problem with the evidence cited by Finucane for women fighting during the Third Crusade is that it all comes from Muslim sources, who had their own reasons for depicting Christian women fighting.
1. An improper paraphrase might read: The difficulty with the accounts of women fighting in the Third Crusade is Compliance that it comes entirely from Muslim sources, who had their own motives for describing Christian women fighting. This paraphrase keeps the Assistant Download Pdf same basic syntax (i.e. sentence structure) as the original and simply changes key words. A proper paraphrase might look something like the – Happy following: All the Dental Assistant Resume Examples evidence for women fighting on the Third Crusade comes from Muslim sources. These sources are problematic since their authors may have had ulterior motives for altering or exaggerating their accounts. 1 Helen Nicholson, Women on Developing A Meaningful Compliance (2015 the Third Crusade, Journal of Medieval History, 23, no.4 (1997): 336. Some instructors may ask that you avoid using quotations from secondary sources (i.e. Dental Resume Format Download Pdf. scholarly works that comment on historical events) altogether, unless you need to Developing A Meaningful Compliance Institu…, comment on Assistant Examples Download an author's exact words. Flyer Easter. Quotations from Assistant Examples Download Pdf primary sources (i.e. original, first-hand accounts of those events) are more accepted since they serve as direct evidence of Easter Egg Hunt Flyer 2017 your assertions. Nonetheless, as a general rule, quote sparingly.
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when you want to comment specifically on the writer's use of words. The shorter your quotations are, the Dental Assistant Resume Format Download Pdf better. In a short essay in particular, you should avoid quoting huge chunks of text. The ideal quotation is often just a few words integrated into your own sentences. 1. Winston Churchill, Blood, Sweat, and Tears (New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1941), 297. If quotations are to be effective in your writing, they must be carefully worked into your own sentences and paragraphs.
Quotations must be introduced, commented on and related to the main ideas of the Madam Cover Dear / Sir, | Wordreference paragraphs in Assistant Resume Pdf, which you have placed them. They must also be integrated without making the passage stylistically awkward or grammatically incorrect. Introducing Quotations: Make sure to introduce the quotation so that it is linked clearly and smoothly with your thoughts.Vary the way in Dear Madam Cover Dear Madam, which you introduce quotations with phrases such as according to, in Resume | Resume Format Download, the opinion of, as X argues (or believes, admits, affirms, declares, suggests, etc.). Gas Forms: Uniform Form. These are known as attributory words . Explaining Quotations: After the quotation, make sure that you supply any needed explanations of or comments on Assistant Examples Download the quotation. Do not assume the reader will interpret the quotation exactly as you do. Short Quotations: Quotations of four typed lines or fewer are usually incorporated into the text of the essay and are enclosed within quotation marks. For poetry or song lyrics, incorporate quotations of two lines or less directly into the text, separating each line by a forward slash ( / ) with a space on either side of it. Long Quotations: Use longer quotations sparingly.You can often make your point better with a short selection than with a longer one. However, long quotations are sometimes necessary to Gas Forms: Allocation Return, preserve accuracy and completeness of meaning. Indent every line of a long quotation and Resume Format, double space throughout.
In long quotations, quotation marks are not used unless they appear within the text of the quoted material. Ensure that the quotation corresponds exactly with the wording, spelling, and punctuation of the original; any changes that you make in Cover, the quotation must be indicated using the Assistant Examples Format Download Pdf following methods: Ellipsis: Use ellipsis dots wherever you omit material from what you are quoting, except when omission comes at the beginning or end of a quotation. E.g. Why are parents to lose their children, brothers their sisters, or husbands their wives? Surely, this is a new refinement in cruelty. and adds fresh horrors even to the wretchedness of Developing Compliance Work (2015 slavery. 1.
Square Brackets: Use square brackets if you wish to insert in the quotation a word or more of explanation. E.g. I was now persuaded that I had gotten into a world of bad spirits, and Dental Resume Examples Download Pdf, that [the ship's crew] were going to kill me. Set Brochure Abstract Stock Vector. 2. Capitals: Because a quotation should fit into your sentence or paragraph as an integral part of your language and Dental Examples, meaning, it is sometimes necessary to change a capital letter (one beginning a sentence in the quoted source, for Gas Forms: Uniform Allocation Form example) to Dental Assistant Resume | Resume Format Pdf, a lower-case letter. Set Brochure Poster Design Abstract Vector. Square brackets are used to make this change.
E.g. According to Equiano, [t]he closeness of the place, and the heat of the climate, added to the number in the ship. almost suffocated us. 3. Sic: If you wish to Dental | Resume Download Pdf, indicate that your quotation is accurate even though the passage's spelling, language or logic is faulty, place the word sic in Sir Or Letter. Dear Madam / Sir, | Wordreference, square brackets following the error. Note: When altering a quotation, especially when omitting portions of a quotation, it is very important to ensure that your changes don't affect the meaning intended by the author. 1. Examples. Olaudah Equiano, Excerpt from Templates Vector The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano, in The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano, Robert J. Allison, ed. Examples | Resume Download Pdf. (Boston: Bedford / St. Martin's, 1995), 58. If you work the Dear Cover Letter. quotation into the structure of your sentence, no introductory or additional punctuation is necessary.
E.g. While it is true women did not often fight, the crusade was the Resume | Resume Download Pdf most urgent situation in all Christendom. 8 Tips For An Awesome Presentation. 1. Attributory words : If you use attributory words, use commas to set off these words, whether they appear before, after, or between parts of the quotation. Dental Assistant Resume Examples | Resume Format Pdf. E.g.[T]he original version of the Itinerarium Peregrinorum , concludes Nicholson, is misleading in claiming that women did not take an active part in the Third Crusade. 1. Independent Clauses : If you precede your quotation with an independent clause, use a colon to Allocation Form, introduce the quotation. The independent clause, which could be punctuated as a sentence in its own right, introduces the idea or context of the quotation that follows.
E.g. Muslim accounts of women going into battle dressed as men must be taken cautiously: It seems far less likely that noblewomen dressed up as men and fought on Download the battlefield on horseback, still less that they led their troops into battle; such actions would be more likely to attract comment. 1. Closing punctuation : Periods or commas at For An Awesome Presentation, the close of a quotation are placed before the Resume | Resume Format Download Pdf quotation marks. Punctuation marks other than periods or commas are placed outside the quotation marks except when they are part of the quoted material. The number for your footnote or endnote goes last.
E.g. Were accounts of women fighting left out of the IP1 because they would only make a bad defeat look worse? 1. Quotations within quotations: Use single quotation marks if you have already used double marks around the entire passage. In other words, when quoting a sentence that contains quotation marks already, place double marks around all the Set Brochure Poster Stock words you are quoting and turn the Dental Assistant Resume Examples | Resume Download double quotation marks of the original into Flyer, single marks. E.g.
Nicholson observes how one Muslim accounts feminizes Christian castles, noting how in the account, [t]he Hospitaller's castle of Dental Assistant | Resume Pdf Kaukab was 'an inviolable woman, a maid who could not be asked for in marriage'; the captured castle of Easter 2017 ash-Shughr was 'a virgin fortress taken by Dental Examples Download force.' 2. 1. Helen Nicholson, Women on the Third Crusade, Journal of Medieval History 23, no. 4 (1997): 349.