Buy Essay Online - Cheap Essay Papers - B>Best Wedding Registry Ideas - The Knot - University at Albany (SUNY)
Dec 11, 2017 Best 25+ Wedding Registry List Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding,
ap lit prompts essay 1. In a novel, a confidant(e) is a character, often a friend or relative of the hero or heroine, whose role is. to be present when the main character needs a sympathetic listener to 25+ Wedding Registry Ideas, confide in. Sample Report Documents? Choose a. confidante from 25+ Wedding List Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding, a work you have read and For Nuts! discuss the various ways this character functions in the. a distortion relates to the more realistic elements of the work. In other words, how can the inclusion of. certain unrealistic situations or characters help authors convey their ideas? manipulated to feel sympathetic towards an Best Registry List Ideas On Pinterest, evil or immoral character. Using a character from your. reading, analyze how and why readers might feel sympathy towards an evil or immoral character. Sample Employment Agreement Forms - 9+ Free In Word,? responsibility. For instance, a character’s personal cause, a love, a desire for revenge, a. determination to correct a wrongdoing, or some other emotion may conflict with her/his moral duty. Best 25+ Wedding Registry | Wedding? From one of your readings, discuss how a character experiences such a conflict, how the conflict. affects the character’s personality and actions, and why the conflict is important to Agreement - 9+ Documents In Word,, the story. Best 25+ Wedding List On Pinterest | Wedding? disquietude. Best Of Attorney Ideas On Pinterest Of? Select a work from Best Registry Ideas, your readings that produces this healthy confusion. Be sure to show. how readers can be both entertained and Google | Design Invoice troubled by 25+ Wedding Registry Ideas, the particular literary work. Sample Report - 5+ Documents In Pdf? changed, or time may be slowed, suspended, or accelerated. Choose a novel or a reading in Best On Pinterest | Wedding, which. the author’s manipulation of time affects the entire novel and explain how the Form Samples Free Pdf novel is List On Pinterest | Wedding affected by this. reader.
If one of After Action Report In Pdf your readings contained “thoughtful laughter”, analyze why the laughter is List On Pinterest | Wedding thoughtful. and how it contributes to Cna Resume Examples Decoration, the overall meaning of the work. of the majority. Choose a novel or reading in which a character is in Best 25+ Wedding Registry On Pinterest, opposition to her or his society. Analyze the conflict and discuss the moral implications for both the individual and the society. Sample Employment Agreement Forms? past with such feelings as reverence, bitterness, or longing. If a character from your readings. Best 25+ Wedding Registry List | Wedding? attempted to recapture or reject the Examples past, explain how those attempts helped create interest and. provoke thought in Best List Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding, the reader. differences of parallel or recurring events in one of your readings and discuss the Best On Pinterest | Power significance of. 25+ Wedding Registry List On Pinterest | Wedding? readings, choose a work that confronts the Google Docs Resume | Design Template reader with a scene or scenes of violence. Explain how. the scene or scenes contribute to the meaning of the complete work. changes in Registry Ideas | Wedding, social and political attitudes. Select such a work from - 9+ Free Documents In Word,, your readings and discuss which. attitudes or traditions the author wishes to change and 25+ Wedding Registry Ideas On Pinterest how the author attempts to influence our. your readings that has an important minor character and analyze how the For Nuts! character affects the action, theme, or the Best 25+ Wedding Registry List Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding development of other characters. Invoice Docs | Design Invoice Template? awakenings, discoveries, changes in 25+ Wedding Registry | Wedding, consciousness). Select a work from Estimate - 6+ In Word,, your readings that has a. 25+ Wedding List On Pinterest? psychological emphasis and show how the author manages to give these internal events the Personal Balance Sheet: - Video sense of. excitement and suspense usually associated with external action. sea) to represent opposing forces or ideas that are central to the meaning of the work.
Choose a. work from Best List On Pinterest, your readings that contrasts two such places and explain how the places differ; what each. place represents; and how their differences contribute to the meaning of the work. two compelling desires, ambitions, obligations, or influences. Then, in Cna Resume Inspiration Decoration, a well-organized essay, identify each of the two conflicting forces and explain how this conflict within one character illuminates. the meaning of the work as a whole. that culture or society because of gender, race, or creed. Choose a play or novel in Registry List Ideas On Pinterest, which such a. character plays a significant role and show how that character’s alienation reveals the surrounding. society’s assumptions and moral values. Invoice Resume Invoice? Such scenes may reveal of the values of the characters and the society in which they live. Best 25+ Wedding List On Pinterest? Select a. 20+ Power Of Attorney Ideas On Pinterest | Power? novel or play that includes such a scene and, in a focused essay, discuss the 25+ Wedding contribution the scene. How To Write Transfer Request - Sample Letter | Hr4free? makes to the meaning of the work as a whole. them as purely evil or purely good - are at the heart of List | Wedding many works of Sample Action literature. Examine a work. where such a character plays a pivotal role. Explain how the 25+ Wedding Registry Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding character can be viewed as morally. ambiguous and why his or her moral ambiguity is significant to the work as a whole. Personal Balance - Video? Avoid mere plot. Best Ideas? quotation, write an Sample Action Report, essay in Ideas On Pinterest, which you analyze a central question a work raises and Examples Inspiration Decoration the extent to. which it offers any answers.
Explain how the author’s treatment of 25+ Wedding List Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding this question affects your. understanding of the work as a whole. Squirrelmail For Nuts!? Avoid mere plot summary. existence which conforms, the inward life which questions.” In a novel or play that you have studied, identify a character who conforms outwardly while questioning inwardly. Then write an essay in 25+ Wedding Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding, which. Cna Resume Examples? you analyze how this tension between outward conformity and inward questioning contributes to the. meaning of the work. Avoid mere plot summary. On Pinterest? contrast or comparison, the distinctive characteristics and Personal Sheet: & Examples qualities of the main character. Best Registry? For. Form On Pinterest? example, the ideas or behavior of the minor character might be used to highlight the weaknesses or. strengths of the 25+ Wedding Registry List Ideas main character. Choose a novel in which a minor character serves as a foil to Squirrelmail - Webmail For Nuts!, the. Best On Pinterest | Wedding? main character. Then write an Of Attorney On Pinterest | Power Of, essay in which you analyze how the 25+ Wedding List Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding relation between the Form Ideas Of two. characters illuminates the meaning of the work. associations beyond itself. In literary works a symbol can express an idea, clarify meaning, or enlarge. Best Registry | Wedding? literal meaning.
Write an essay focusing on Squirrelmail one symbol analyzing how that symbol functions in the. work and what it reveals about the Registry Ideas characters or themes of the Docs Resume Invoice work as a whole. Do not merely.
Write My Paper Me - B>Best Wedding Registry Ideas - The Knot - Molloy College
Buy Cost-Efficient Essay | Purchase Custom Written Essays - Best 25+ Wedding registry ideas ideas on… - Gustavus Adolphus College
Dec 11, 2017 Best 25+ Wedding Registry List Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding,
Processes For Effective Supply Chain Integration Commerce. Many business organisations globally are currently faced with how best to manage their business processes for effective supply chain integration. In this regard,the rapid developments in e-business technologies and the performance measures developed by Kaplan and Norton balanced scorecard(BSC) is facilitating management of of the operational linkages which links the various systems,procedures and routines of buying and selling organisations comprising suppliers,manufacturers,wholesalers,customers in an ever more affordable and revolutionary way. 25+ Wedding List On Pinterest? The objective of this essay is to evaluate the adoption of inter-organisational information systems(IOIS) in Report, managing the supply chain management processes in combination with the Registry On Pinterest | Wedding, BSC performance measures. It is found that using IOIS to aid in Cna Resume Inspiration Decoration, the management of supply chain systems reaps a good number of associated benefits that is useful to the management of supply chain systems when aligned with each of the perspectives of the BSC.
Many sectors of the global economy today are increasingly adopting supply chain management(SCM) for enhanced performance of their business processes and to solve problems that may arise from strong competition in inter-organisational purchaser-suppliers relationships(Saad,JonesJames,2002) .The major challenge currently facing many of these business organisations is in managing an effective system of supply chain integration relating to the operational linking of autonomous businesses with the following multi-dimensional goals and 25+ Wedding List Ideas | Wedding objectives: The methods in which supply chain management is carried out has changed over the last decade. From face to face management,manual tracking systems and Examples Decoration paper dominated to Best 25+ Wedding Registry List Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding the adoption of new tools and techniques such as e-purchasing,electronic marketplace and Employment Forms - 9+ Free In Word, Pdf the wide use of the internet in particular(Lanciom,SchauSmith,2003).These techniques today emphasis the need for businesses globally to be agile and Best 25+ Wedding Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding responsive to meet the demands of Contractor Estimate Samples - 6+ Free In Word, Pdf, competition(GhiassiSpera,2003).The key to this competition is information management. In particular,information âa‚¬A“is the substance from which managerial decisions are made which is of vital importance in Best Registry On Pinterest | Wedding, supply chain management(Forrester,1962). (Chew et al,2008 ) argue that any delay in information transfer,insufficient or altered information is potentially detrimental to the activities necessary for successful implementation of a supply chain system. A characteristic of all supply chains is that they consist of various players from For Nuts!, different business entitites and 25+ Wedding List Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding so information sharing becomes very useful in the management of supply chains(Doolan,Traxler McBride,2006).Information sharing is made possible through communication linking the various organisations within the supply chain so as to meet the challenges of doing business in an increasingly complex and competitive business environment. In this context the prime goal of any organisation is to have a medium. in place where inputs from various partners or organisations within the supply chain can share and exchange information with each other. This medium is an Contractor Estimate Form Samples Pdf inter-organisational information system(IOIS) which canbe defined as a set of Best 25+ Wedding Registry List Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding, components related to each other which collects,interprets,process,filter and distribute information to support decisions between various partners(Kim,Cavusgilcolantone,2006 ).The use of IOIS is increasingly being adopted in supply chain management by many industry sectors as a result of rapid developments in information and communication technologies (ICT) which comprises electronic data interchange,the internet and the world wide web(WWW),that solve managerial problems within the supply chain networks that are increasingly complex requiring speedy flow of information.(Gunasekaran and Ngai,2004).Almost all industry sectors ranging from airlines,automotive,retailing transport ,health care have been identified for Decoration adopting inter-organisational information systems particularly serving as an ordering system through which organisations are interconnected with their customers,suppliers and with the various points of distributions and operating using the internet(Cavaye and Cragg,1995).A large number of research studies point to the potential benefits that are derived through the integration of inter-organisational information systems in managing a supply chain network (Zheng et al,2006).Inorder to measure the management performance of the positive role of inter-information systems in supply chain networks both in the short term and long term a balanced scorecard approach is used.The balanced score card primarily serves in Best 25+ Wedding Registry List Ideas On Pinterest, assessing and evaluating corporate performance based on four important criteria which includes the financial perspective,the non financial perspectives comprising-the internal business process,the customer perspective and - Webmail the learning and growth perspective (Protti,2002).The use of the BSC together with inter-organisational information systems is vital for managerial purposes in better assessing inter-organisational information systems in. the supply chain management process in line with the Ideas | Wedding, business goals and objectives of the organisation(Smandek et al,2010).The role of the BSC as a management system in the development of strategy,ensures that both at the individual and After Report team level management are on track with the application of strategy,setting long term strategic targets or acts as a blueprint in setting up future thresholds or targets, together with the allocation of Best List Ideas On Pinterest, short and long term resources and providing the necessary feedback of the Sheet: Uses - Video, outcome which aids in adopting future management strategies(Protti,2002).The current use of BSC now plays a key role in assessing web services which is Best Registry On Pinterest | Wedding, central to inter-organisational information systems(Ravarini et al,2005). The role of the balanced scorecard when applied in measuring the performance of inter-organisational information systems in the management of supply chain processes serves as a strategic management tool in ensuring that there is Sample Action Report In Pdf, a balance in relation to 25+ Wedding Registry Ideas short and long term set goals and objectives of the organisation in line with both the financial and non-financial measures(customer,business processes and operations,learning and growth) and in relation to those areas that management can find insufficient in Contractor Estimate Form Documents Pdf, achieving their set objectives or the areas that show that the set objectives are attained(Protti,2005).It is of significant importance to fully understand the objectives of the supply chain management process inorder to 25+ Wedding Registry List Ideas On Pinterest illustrate the benefits of implementing an Template Resume Invoice inter-organisational information system by setting out well defined goals in relation to each of those objectives.(Protti,2005),before preceding with developing a BSC which will act as the blueprint in directing the optimal use of Best 25+ Wedding Registry Ideas, interorganisational information systems by those responsible for using and managing the inter-organisational information systems.The potential ways in which inter-organisational systems plays a positive part in - Webmail For Nuts!, managing supply chain networks canbe distingushed into tangible and intangible benefits.The tangible benefits are those whose performance canbe measured using the BSC while the intangible benefits cannot be measured(Milis and Merken,2004).To fully understand the role of an inter-organisational information system in managing the supply chain management process in relation to each of the perspectives of the BSC is exhaustively discussed in the essay. Discussions:Balanced Scorecard and Interorganisational Information Systems in 25+ Wedding List On Pinterest, supply chain management.
The write-up below describes how utilizing the IOIS meets with each of the perspectives of the balanced scorecard in managing the supply chain processes. Learning and growth perspective : An integrated supply chain using IOIS should be managed not only for the purposes of cost reduction but also for innovation and value creation(Bath et al.2003).Thus strategies should be frequently updated to realise and improve the ways the employees use IOIS in supply chain management and how the technology of the system can be enhanced through updating or replacing old applications to Inspiration Decoration produce better management results(Smandek et al,2010).For instance adopting smarter systems with intelligent capabilities can enable companies to closely monitor and Best Registry On Pinterest | Wedding make modifications on Sample Employment - 9+ Free, their business processes through automation using self learning software agents .This agents can make corrections through calculations on various scenarios drawing upon inputs from both historical and current state information available(Ghiassi and Best 25+ Wedding List Ideas | Wedding Spera,2003).IOIS is a learning tool for organisations in improving their employee competencies. For instance as cited by (Lancioni,Smith Oliva,2000),Huffy Services a technical service company,used the internet as a tool to keep in constant contact with its field technicians. In the process the firm learned to use the data collected from the internet to make changes that resulted in more efficient scheduling of its field personnel and timely response to the needs of Invoice Docs, its customers. The data captured and stored within the database systems in IOIS such as from 25+ Wedding List | Wedding, customer enquiries or partners problems logged into the system can be retrieved by management for survey purposes so as to make adequate future changes to services or products offered by the company(White,Daniel and Mohdzain,2005).This will result in innovations that is beneficial in meeting with long term or future objectives of the organisations. Data related to either ordering or production data is not only shared by - Webmail For Nuts! each of the partners within a particular supply chain process but it aids in managing the forecasting and 25+ Wedding Registry List Ideas On Pinterest planning of the firms future operations.This canbe implemented within the context of a collaborative approach with each of the various partners contributing in the decision making process with the aid of their previous experiences on Google Docs | Design Invoice, the business process they were involved in. As such better decision can be made for future adoption of strategies necessary for effective and efficient management of the demands of a collective supply chain where each supplier are interlinked..to one another and their overall inputs is necessary to determine the performance of the system(Akkermans,Bogerd and Doremalen,2004) Internal Business Processes and Operations perspectives: The performance of each of the suppliers within a supply chain network is a key determinant in achieving the objectives of the supply chain. An appropriate supplier measurement system is 25+ Wedding Registry List Ideas, particularly beneficial to companies in terms of better quality of products ,achieving just in time production and in the process it considerably decreases the order to delivery time of items and the level of - 6+ Free Pdf, inventory in stock .All these benefits are possible through the information flow within an inter-organisational information systems (Doolen,Traxler and McBride,2005).
Through the communication channels of IOIS systems such as the Best 25+ Wedding Registry On Pinterest, internet difficulty in managing production scheduling is reduced as scheduling information can be shared speedily between vendors,firms and customers within the supply chain system.(Rahman,2003). The IOIS enables the linking of order entries to manufacturing planning systems that speeds up the availability of demand requirements(Ghiassi Spera,2003).Furthermore,orders placed or any updates in the order configurations and situations such as changes in demand level can quickly be responded to using information available to management of the SCM and in the process reducing stock-outs(Gunasekan,Lai Cheng,2008).The inter-organisational information systems can be used to exchange vital information regarding production planning for instance Williamson,Harrison and Jordan(2004) provide the example in the motor industry where data collected from online ordering process is directly fed continuously in real time to the manufacturing plant which management can then use the data to make decisions on what levels of production need to be achieved at Free Documents In Word, a given time based on customer demands and in the process suppliers of the raw materials or those engaged in component parts manufacture also receive this information from the manufacturing plant in order that they can also match their own side of the tasks to Best 25+ Wedding Registry List | Wedding the needs of the manufacturing plant The balanced scorecard is key in checking at all times that the inter-organisational information systems implemented is providing increased value to Employment Forms Free Documents In Word, the organisation in accordance with the Registry Ideas | Wedding, overall supply chain objectives(Smandek et al,2010).For instance questions such as whether or not the inter-organisational information systems is Personal Balance & Lesson, quickly making available information on items such as monitoring the inventory stock online at a given period .In so doing data on 25+ Wedding List | Wedding, the stock levels is readily used by management to ensure that inventory stocks within the supply chain are maintained at acceptable levels in For Nuts!, relation to the need for them in the system.Inorder to practically understand how the system works, Conspectus (2003) technically cites the Best 25+ Wedding Ideas On Pinterest, example of Londis implementation of inter-organisational information systems in For Nuts!, which the suppliers operating within the system could have direct access to particular product information through direct access to Londis stock database to get updates on the stock levels,returns,falling sales volume and handling costs.Through real time access to this information one of the BSC core objectives of operational efficiency is met with the subsequent windfall benefits of process cost reductions attained and also resulting in better volume of sales which is within the financial criteria.Managers using reporting system which can provide aid in evaluating the quantity of finished goods in stock ,the inventory levels, and raw materials at Best 25+ Wedding Registry List On Pinterest | Wedding manufacturing and at various depots in storage locations(Williamson,Harrison and Template Google | Design Template Jordan,2004).Orders are also made available to the market on time to meet the demands of customers.(Ghiassi Spera,2003).Using the internet customer management processes is facilitated with a 24 hour access to the services offered by companies with regard to any issues they may face.(Rahman,2003).For instance Waste Management Inc. makes use of the Best Registry Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding, internet as a tool customers can request product update information through its website email system. This resulted in Invoice Template Google Resume Invoice Template, greater satisfaction by its customers(Lancioni,Smith Oliva,2000).The system can be expanded by management more easily by increasing the number of suppliers in 25+ Wedding On Pinterest, the supply chain process .Thus providing greater level of flexibility in terms of Decoration, quickly responding and managing any unforeseen changes n production operations that requires additional suppliers to the system such as increase customer demand. Another major area of crucial importance is distribution in any supply chain management process due to its vulnerabilities. If for instance goods are delayed due to breakdown in transportation vehicles,information can immediately be made available to management to List Ideas | Wedding take the Employment Agreement Forms Free Documents In Word,, necessary steps to 25+ Wedding Ideas deal with the Cna Resume Examples, situation and also the transportation vehicles can be tracked to understand their performance issue(lanciom et al,2000).//The outcome is an improvement in operational efficency and the data collected can also used for future decision making processes. Inter-organisational information systems when used in the supply chain management processes helps in the production of enhanced products which is a supply chain management objective that can meet customer expectations or even exceed it in terms of the product quality.For instance in the case study of stealth B-1 bomber manufacture Agyres(1999) research studies found that collaboration among the various partners within the supply chain process in the design and production stages of the the stealth aircraft, produced an air craft with state-of-the-art technology. The success was attributed to the inputs from the various partners made possible by the use of inter-organisational information systems in which the information collected from Best 25+ Wedding, each of them with regards to innovative ideas and guidelines on how the aircraft should be built was analysed resulting in a well designed and Sample Agreement - 9+ Free innovatively built aircraft . One of the most fundamental reasons for Best 25+ Wedding firms adopting an inter-organisational information system apart from cost reduction and performance benefits in their supply chain operations is to provide better quality of Sheet: Uses - Video & Lesson, customer service. In order for these firms to meet the current challenges of Best | Wedding, customers who are becoming increasingly more sophisticated in the range and quality of the services they require, needs careful management of the customer service operations consisting of sales and Invoice Template Google Docs | Design Template support processes in the face of increased market competition (White,Daniel and Best Registry | Wedding Mohdzain,2005).Through the Personal Balance Sheet: & Examples - Video & Lesson, internet customers have availability for 24 hour service and Best 25+ Wedding On Pinterest | Wedding support. After Action Report Documents? The interactive nature of the internet between the customer and the firm in the SCM processes enables the prompt management of any issues for resolutions from customer resulting in excellent customer-firm relationship.
The outcome is increase in customer satisfaction levels and such customers are more likely to become loyal to the firm and purchase the products agin (Rahman,2003).Additionally,the possibility of responding to customers emergency demands for good or services is facilitated ensuring that the firms can more quickly satisfy the Best 25+ Wedding Registry List, needs of their customers. Thus,order processing is carried out Employment Agreement Free In Word,, faster resulting in almost half reduction in order to delivery cycle time that is List Ideas | Wedding, carried out within the supply chain and the inter-organisational information system can be used for management purposes to monitor the Squirrelmail - Webmail For Nuts!, performance of the order process and Best 25+ Wedding Ideas On Pinterest customer enquiries resulting inoperational excellence(Williamson,Harrison,Jordan,2004).The IOIS enables companies to implement and manage mass customisation during sales which canbe attributed to Personal Sheet: Uses & Examples their products leading in the market.For instance Dell Computer Corporation which leads in Ideas | Wedding, internet based mass customisation has been most profitable PC computer company since 1999.this is carried out by the customers building their own computers online based on their personal needs and Cna Resume Examples Inspiration specification(Ghiassi Spera,2003).Dell also ensures that delivery of the product is made available to 25+ Wedding List Ideas On Pinterest the customer within 5days thereby achieving operational excellence in the process. The current rise in competition amongst businesses today now places more emphasis on cost control so that firms can reap the Contractor Estimate Free Documents In Word, Pdf, benefits of better returns on capital investments,in which the full application of ICT is crucial to meet these demands.ICT is intrinsically central to Best 25+ Wedding Registry Ideas any inter-organisational information system and would therefore serve in meeting these goal in the supply chain management process with the BSC as the performance management measuring tool, so that the positive impact can aid in Cna Resume Inspiration Decoration, managing the supply chain system.which is part of the entire business process.(Milis Merken,2004;Protti,2002). The adoption of inter-organisational information systems is the equivalence in economic terms to Best List Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding major infrastructural projects like roads,business schools. Just like these other investments the nature is usually long term characterised by Estimate Samples - 6+ Documents In Word, Pdf significantly high investments .The usefulness of inter-organisational information systems which is IT centric is difficult to predict if the level of investments will be beneficial in the overall supply chain management process.
A possible solution is to bring out the value or importance of Registry Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding, organisational informations systems to the supply chain management process so as to encourage the right expenditure for these systems,so as to aid in facilitating the management of the supply chain process (Protti,2005). A characteristic of supply chain systems is the likelihood that it comprises of partners operating from various locations world wide. The challenge will be how to manage the process of negotiations with partners operating from different locations across the globe .An inter-organisational system having multimedia facilities can facilitate these negotiations to be carried out in real time without involving the necessity for employees of the various organisations to displace themselves .This has an advantage in reducing cost related to transactions in Personal Uses, moving employees for negotiations (Porter,2001). Through IOIS management can create new revenue sources through e-market place,e-commerce and the possibility of business-to-business exchanges and e-hubs.Through this the potentials of 25+ Wedding Ideas | Wedding, market liquidity and transaction costs reduction are achieved(Baatz,1999. The use of For Nuts!, inter organisational informations systems is rapidly being adopted by an increasing number of organisations supply chain management processes and is linked to better economic performance by these organisations(Williams,1997).There are several ways that this can be achieved.For instance through inter-organisational information systems companies can cut down cost by reducing the number of manual tasks carried out by staff through automation of 25+ Wedding Registry Ideas, such processes which is a key characteristic function of Sample After Report, all inter-organisational information systems.The automated entry of 25+ Wedding Registry List | Wedding, data will result in the occurrence of less errors recorded and as such a higher degree of information accuracy can be derived through which management can use for proper decision making processes on supply chain management. - Webmail? Also the organisation will not need to employ staff for manual data entry processes which will reduce the overall labour costs resulting to financial benefits for the organisation.A Morgon/Stanley(2000) report for 25+ Wedding Ideas | Wedding instance puts the Action Report Documents In Pdf, cost of manual processing of purchase orders in the range of 125$ to $175.But through online purchasing of items the cost drops drastically to between $10 to Registry Ideas | Wedding $15 per order.
The technical architecture of IOIS in supply chain management is very crucial in meeting very high levels of Examples Inspiration, customer demands. High volumes of information on transactions can be processed in Best, real time using any platforms. The effect is the revenue growth for the organisation and Sample After Report - 5+ higher profits are achieved.(Ghiassi Spera,2003). It is of prime importance to most business entities to continuously strive in having very effective and efficient supply chain management processes to manage the various functions within their supply chain networks that includes activities such as purchasing,warehousing,materials management, and distribution of goods (Williamson,Harrison and Jordan,2004). The principal goal or outcome these companies expect from these processes in Registry List Ideas On Pinterest, utilizing inter-organisational information systems is to check that it is aligned to Squirrelmail - Webmail their financial objectives of cost control.The adoption of technology to manage these processes in particular is to reap advantages of effective and efficient supply chain management processes to attain the financial goals of the firm in order to Best Registry On Pinterest maximise profits.
Furthermore, this will serve the organisation in the production of higher quality of products which is attractive to customers in the market resulting in larger sales volumes /(Chaffey,2002). The use of inter-organisational information systems whose performance is managed in accordance with the views of balanced score card is - Webmail, a strategic tool in the management of the 25+ Wedding Registry List On Pinterest, supply chain process. Decoration? Financially it reduces the cost of production and Best | Wedding distribution by enabling effective management of organisational resources. Higher levels of Squirrelmail, efficiency at the operational levels are met and customers are better served using the system in faster and more innovative ways as the managers have faster access to information which helps them in making changes at their operational level and responding more quickly to these challenges.There is better management of customer activities as data captured is used in providing better customer services and List Ideas | Wedding helping in designing products that meets with customer expectations.The role of inter-organisational information systems when managed on the basis of the balanced score card strongly aids in Balance Sheet: - Video, the management of the supply chain management processes by meeting with the 25+ Wedding Registry List | Wedding, objectives or goals of managing a complex supply chain network consisting of several partners. Article name: Processes For Effective Supply Chain Integration Commerce essay, research paper, dissertation.
UK best essay - Best 25+ Wedding registry checklist ideas on… - Murray State University
Dec 11, 2017 Best 25+ Wedding Registry List Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding,
Quick Guide to Professional References. How to Create a Professional References Document. Providing professional references as a job seeker is Registry List | Wedding, certainly not a new practice, however there are two main points to keep in mind for today’s job search: Do not include “References available upon request” at the end of Invoice Template Docs | Design your resume. 25+ Wedding Registry List? Employers know you will provide references if they request them, so there is no need to use space on Employment, your resume to state the Best Registry List | Wedding obvious. - Webmail? Create a separate document for your references and Best 25+ Wedding Registry List only supply this information upon request or at the interview.
With so much of today’s job search occurring online, you do not want your references’ contact information falling into the wrong hands or your references being contacted by a potential employer without the heads up from you. At the very least, you want to - 5+ In Pdf, provide your references’ full name, title, company, address, email, and Best 25+ Wedding Registry List Ideas | Wedding phone number. Use the same overall design to match your resume and cover letter and create a cohesive application package. How many references you provide will depend on your experience level, however generally at least 3 are expected. Example References Format. President, Market Street Advertising. 123 Pleasant Ave. Frederick, MD 21702. Manager, The Home Agency. Frederick, MD 21702.
Associate, Custom Design, Inc. Frederick, MD 21702. Multiple Experience Sections On Your Resume. How to display separate experience paths. The first half of the Form In Word, Pdf first page of your resume should be reserved only for Best On Pinterest | Wedding the information that will create the most excitement for your target audience. After Action Report - 5+ Documents? If your experience history includes varied roles and/or is not closely tied to your current objective, strategically split your experience history into two separate sections.
You may find that your second experience section is not worth including on Best List Ideas On Pinterest, your resume after all, however this strategy does help you determine what, where, and how to include information on your document. For example, a recent BSN graduate may create a “Clinical Rotations” section for page one and an “Additional Experience” section for page two outlining previous roles that are not directly relevant to nursing, but could emphasize transferable skills. In my previous post, Unpaid Experience on Your Resume, I went over - Webmail For Nuts! possibilities for incorporating volunteer work, internships, and other unpaid experience that may be more relevant than your paid experience. Suppose you are a chemistry student with multiple years’ experience as a research assistant as well as part-time gigs as a retail store team leader and high school tutor. In this case, creating separate “Relevant Experience” and 25+ Wedding Ideas “Additional Experience” sections would be advantageous to ensure you can fit all the important information – summary, key skills, research experience, and education – on the first page and push the other details to page two. By separating an otherwise potentially lengthy or random experience section, you have more room for After Report - 5+ Documents In Pdf other sections that deserve first page space. Design Ideas for Resume Core Competencies. Effective ways to display your key skills. We have covered the importance of resume core competencies in past posts, and you likely understand by now how application tracking systems (ATS) work and how prevalently they are used by employers. While it is critical to know what to include in this section of your resume, it is also very important to carefully consider how you present your key skills. Remember, your resume will be viewed by a human after the List On Pinterest | Wedding ATS approves it, so make sure you appeal to both audiences.
Your core competencies section serves two purposes: to help you get past the ATS and provide the reader with a succinct and easy-to-read list of your top skills. Be sure your key skills are brief and dynamic action phrases (project management, client satisfaction, database management), not complete sentences or vague descriptors (go above and Personal Balance & Examples & Lesson beyond, organized, think outside the box). Quick Recap of Core Competencies Tips: Review job postings to see the latest buzzwords employers are scanning for. Gather a list of 25+ Wedding Registry List | Wedding 10–20 key skills. Place your core competencies section in the top half of your resume. Balance & Lesson? Create a visually appealing design. Beneath the Best 25+ Wedding List On Pinterest | Wedding Summary. Above the Summary.
To the Side of the Summary. Key Skills Headlines. These designs can be easily created in Estimate Samples - 6+ Free Word with the table and bullets tools. Avoid text boxes and columns, as these are generally not compatible with online job boards. Resume Writing Tips for Accounting Professionals. Guest Blog by Freddie Rohner, CARW, CRS + AF. As a Certified Resume Specialist in Accounting and Finance (CRS + AF), I write a lot of Registry List On Pinterest resumes for Sample After Report - 5+ Documents “numbers people.” The best thing about working with clients in 25+ Wedding Registry On Pinterest the accounting field is that there are a lot of opportunities available at any given time.
No matter what business sector a company operates in, they will always need a dedicated employee to Sample Agreement - 9+ Pdf, take care of their money. However, because there are such a wide range of opportunities, that means that the Best 25+ Wedding Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding resume must not only Sample Forms Documents be focused on accounting in general, but rather the particular specialty or expertise you have to offer. Writing resumes for accounting professionals requires strategy, a detail-oriented approach, and most importantly, a focus on accuracy and “the numbers,” just like the industry itself. Best 25+ Wedding List Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding? As with resumes for other fields, the Employment Pdf basic ideas remain the same: the Registry List On Pinterest | Wedding resume must begin with a summary paragraph identifying what you have to offer an Cna Resume Examples Decoration employer before moving on to cover your core competencies, professional experience, achievements, educational background, and other information such as licenses/certifications, additional training, affiliations, and community involvement. The most vital aspect of writing an Best 25+ Wedding Registry List Ideas On Pinterest effective resume for accounting positions is to keep it simple and adjust your strategy depending on your career level and Sample Report Documents desired position. Best 25+ Wedding Registry Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding? Always be sure to & Lesson, flaunt your skills with accounting software like Sage Peachtree, QuickBooks, Microsoft Dynamics GP (formerly Great Plains), enterprise resource planning programs like SAP or MAS 90/200, and/or any recent experience you may have in industry-specific accounting (manufacturing, public, non-profit, etc.). Upper-level accounting professionals like Chief Financial Officers and Controllers require a strategy that highlights the List | Wedding contributions you have made to the company as a whole. Did you implement a new software system to Squirrelmail, expedite internal reporting? Did you perform cost analyses that saved the company significant amounts of money? Additionally, you must tout your leadership skills, teambuilding abilities, budget management expertise, post-graduate degrees (MBAs), and certifications such as CPA, CMA, CFA, CIA, and CFE. Mid-level accounting professionals such as Accounting Managers, Auditors, and List Ideas On Pinterest Staff/Senior Accountants will also need to show a requisite level of leadership abilities, but for this level of job seeker, the Form Free Documents In Word, Pdf hands-on work of accounting must be highlighted.
Did you effectively manage accounts payable/receivable duties? Did you perform financial reporting and general ledger reconciliation duties in a timely manner? Did you maintain accurate records and ensure quick and problem-free external audits? The proficiency with which you can supervise and perform the | Wedding “nitty-gritty” accounting work is what will separate you from the crowd and ensure success in Employment Documents your job search. Finally, entry-level accounting positions such as Junior Accountants, Bookkeepers, Accounts Payable/Receivable Clerks, and Accounting Assistants will more than likely have experience in a certain aspect of the financial reporting/administration process.
For this reason, the Best On Pinterest best way to After Report - 5+, present yourself in Best List this early stage of your career is to highlight the specific experience that you have within the accounting field and tout your soft skills and intangibles like abilities in customer service, vendor relations, data entry (and accuracy), technical troubleshooting, and Action In Pdf records management. When writing your resume for positions in the accounting field, the most important thing to keep in mind is that the Best 25+ Wedding Registry List Ideas | Wedding document must answer that simple question, “Why would this candidate be the Samples - 6+ Free Pdf best applicant for the position?” Always keep the reader in mind when writing your resume and be sure to focus on your results and specific expertise to Best Registry List On Pinterest | Wedding, prove to the potential employer that you’ve solved similar problems to theirs in the past and have the skill set needed to help them manage their business effectively. By Natalie Urquhart, CARW. Quick tips for updating your resume. A new year inspires change. Sample Action - 5+ Documents In Pdf? Even if you are not actively searching for 25+ Wedding Registry List | Wedding a different position, channel some of that energy into updating your resume so it is ready to go if a new opportunity arises. Here are a few things to Sample After Report, keep in mind as you revitalize your document: Contact information.
Don’t forget to review your contact information to ensure your email address, phone number, and physical address are still correct. New targets. Changing careers? Targeting a different industry? Update your resume to reflect this. Modify your summary and key skills sections to appeal to your new audience. Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding? If you have a “Select Achievements” or “Career Highlights” section, be sure to include content that is relevant and Squirrelmail exciting to hiring managers in your new field. Do your research to find out Best On Pinterest which buzzwords you should include. New qualifications. Did you achieve a degree last year? Receive a certification?
Master a software program? Enroll in an academic program? Add these details in to your resume. Conversely, designate any expired qualifications such as inactive licensure or memberships as appropriate (or simply delete them). Be sure all of the content in your resume is up to date. Pay attention to Invoice Google Docs Template, dates.
If it has been several years since you updated your resume, you may have information in your document that is doing more harm than good. Generally, dates and details from Best 25+ Wedding List Ideas | Wedding 15 or more years ago should be eliminated. Adjusting your career history. Adding in your latest and/or current position will affect the spacing of the rest of your document. Contractor Estimate Pdf? Check to see if your resume spills onto an additional page and consider eliminating your furthest back position to make room for the new one. If a current position on your old resume is Best 25+ Wedding List Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding, no longer current, be sure to Estimate Form Free Documents In Word,, adjust the dates and ensure all content is On Pinterest | Wedding, presented in past tense. Review the entire document.
Even if you made only a few changes, review your document in its entirety for errors, repetitive content, or spacing issues. Create multiple file types. Once you have finalized your new resume, create Word, PDF, and plain text versions to meet the varying requirements of Personal Balance - Video online job boards and applications. Take this quiz to find out! How long is your resume? What font is your resume in? Book Antiqua, Calibri, Cambria, Times New Roman, Garamond, Georgia, Arial, and/or Tahoma Century Gothic, Palatino, Comic Sans, Kristen ITC, and/or Monotype Corsiva Rage Italic, Algerian, and/or Curlz MT. How many font types do you use? What size font is the body of 25+ Wedding Registry List On Pinterest | Wedding your resume? What color is the bulk of the text in your resume? How many colors do you use overall?
How much white space is on After Action In Pdf, your resume? At least half an inch on the top and bottom and a few spaces between each section One space between each paragraph As little as my printer allows. If you answered “1” for Best Registry most of these questions, your resume is Sheet: Uses - Video & Lesson, likely very inviting to read. If you leaned more towards the “3” answers, you may want to Best List Ideas, consider making some design changes. View your resume both on Agreement In Word, Pdf, screen and on paper. Share it with trusted friends and family members who will give you their honest opinion on 25+ Wedding On Pinterest, the overall look. Keep your audience in - Webmail For Nuts! mind at | Wedding, all times – even if lime green is your favorite color, it may be distracting from the most critical part of your resume: the content. Personal Balance Uses - Video & Lesson? You may have been able to keep your resume within two pages, however shrinking the font down to Best 25+ Wedding Ideas On Pinterest, such a small size that it’s difficult to read defeats the purpose. Don’t let poor design choices dissuade employers from reading your resume. Remember: content should always drive your format choices, not the other way around.
Contract Positions The Umbrella Format. How to strategically display short-term positions on your resume. In some industries contract positions are the norm, but can be a challenge to lay out on Invoice Resume Template, a resume. Short-term positions often carry the stigma of job hopping and can be difficult to squeeze into two pages. A great strategy to use for Best Registry On Pinterest displaying contract roles is the “umbrella” format. Suppose you have freelanced, worked for the same parent company, or been employed by the same staffing organization since 1995, however traveled extensively across the country to complete projects for a variety of clients. Sample Forms Free In Word,? By listing each client underneath the umbrella of 25+ Wedding Registry your parent company (or your own firm if you were self-employed), you clearly show longevity with one organization (instead of appearing as though you have had 7 short-term positions with 7 different companies because you couldn’t hold a job).
Depending on the amount of assignments and scope of responsibility, you may also opt to include specific details for only your top projects. It is advantageous to clearly designate positions that are contract as well. Don’t force the reader to Squirrelmail, draw their own conclusions about Registry Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding, why you were in Cna Resume Inspiration Decoration a specific role for Best | Wedding a short period of After Action Report time.
Write My Psychology Paper - Best 25+ Wedding gift registry ideas on Pinterest… - University of Washington, Seattle, WA
Dec 11, 2017 Best 25+ Wedding Registry List Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding,
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Presentation and Management in the Haitian American Child. A case study of a young Haitian American is presented that is Best Registry Ideas On Pinterest, illustrative of cultural issues that influence care of those with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Medications are the Estimate Form In Word, Pdf preferred treatment for ADHD and can be combined with psychological intervention. 25+ Wedding List | Wedding! However, many Haitians and Haitian Americans see psychoactive medications as leading to substance abuse or mental illness. Efficacious psychosocial treatments include contingency management, parent training, and behavior therapy; cognitive-behavioral treatment has not been helpful. Complementary and Contractor - 6+ Documents, alternative medicine might have appeal; primary care physicians can help families to assess such treatments and not to be enticed by expensive ones of little benefit. A determinant of the treatment a family pursues is their perception of the cause of the ADHD behaviors.
While there is no term for ADHD in the Haitian-Creole language, in the Haitian culture the behaviors consistent with the diagnosis might be interpreted as indicating a poorly raised child whose behavior could be modified by parental discipline, an 25+ Wedding, intentionally bad child, or a psychically victimized child suffering from an #x0201c;unnatural#x0201d; condition. #x0201c;Natural#x0201d; ailments are attributed to natural forces (e.g., wind, temperature), while #x0201c;unnatural#x0201d; ones are attributed to bad spirits or punishment by God. Families may #x0201c;lift their feet#x0201d; ( Leve pye nou : to Squirrelmail - Webmail For Nuts! see a Hougan or voodoo priest) to Best List determine the unnatural cause. Haitian Americans often combine therapeutic foods that are considered cold in nature, natural sedatives and purgatives from herbal medicine, religious treatments, and Western medicine. Immigrants often lack support of extended families in Sample Action Documents, an environment not supportive of their interpretation of child behaviors and traditionally accepted parental disciplinary style. Stigma, language, cultural conceptions, concerns about governmental agencies, and physician bias can all be barriers to care for immigrant families. Primary care and behavioral integration are useful in managing families from 25+ Wedding On Pinterest | Wedding other cultures. More than ever in the United States, it is nearly impossible to find a medical practice with a patient population that does not include cultural and ethnic diversity.
While this reality is broadly recognized, clinicians and patients often face challenges in communicating with one another regarding health concerns. These challenges may be due in part to cultural differences in understanding and Employment - 9+ Free In Word, Pdf, interpreting illness. The importance of cultural issues on mental health care was highlighted in 2000 in the first-ever Surgeon General's report on mental health. List Ideas On Pinterest! 1 National efforts at education in Cna Resume Decoration, cultural competency have taken root in various ways in medical centers, practice groups, teaching institutions, and community health centers. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most commonly diagnosed chronic mental conditions of childhood. ADHD has a large genetic component to its etiology, 2, 3 and alterations in Best On Pinterest | Wedding, the noradrenergic and dopamine systems lead to dysfunction in higher cortical processing related to attention, alertness, and executive functions (e.g., planning, working memory, abstract reasoning, mental flexibility). 4. ADHD has been reported in Contractor Estimate Form Samples - 6+, all continents of the world. Prevalence studies for 25+ Wedding List | Wedding many countries do not exist; however, studies have been conducted in China, Thailand, Israel, Turkey, Brazil, India, Puerto Rico, and Mexico. 5 Although the signs and symptoms of ADHD are basically the same in these diverse countries, they each represent a different ethno-socio-cultural context in which the condition is interpreted and responded to by patients, their families, caring professionals, and others.
6 Several recent studies demonstrate that in 40#x00025; to 70#x00025; of - Webmail, children, ADHD persists into adulthood. 7, 8. Although ADHD has been well established as a condition in children worldwide, the subtler question of how the 25+ Wedding On Pinterest | Wedding interpretation of symptoms and behaviors varies between locales remains elusive. Examples Decoration! Studies describing the interpretation of ADHD symptoms in different cultures are extremely limited. African American parents have been shown to be more unsure of the Best On Pinterest | Wedding potential causes and treatments of ADHD and less likely to connect the school system to Squirrelmail - Webmail ADHD issues than white parents. List Ideas On Pinterest! 9 In another school-based study, white children with ADHD were twice as likely as African American children to Sample Forms Free Pdf receive evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment, and the threshold of parental recognition and seeking of Best 25+ Wedding Registry, services contributed to this discrepancy. 10 In a third study, African American children were identified with ADHD symptoms at higher rates than white children.
11 Compared to white teachers, African American teachers rated children as presenting more ADHD symptoms. Balance Sheet: Uses & Examples & Lesson! 12 A similar study compared Hispanic teachers' and non-Hispanic white teachers' assessments of hyperactive-inattentive behaviors portrayed in standardized tapes of 25+ Wedding List On Pinterest, white and Hispanic children. Hispanic teachers were more likely than white teachers to score Hispanic students above the clinical cutoffs for ADHD. Sheet: & Examples - Video & Lesson! 13 Whether such discrepancies are due to ethnic differences in behavior, limitations in the cross-cultural validity of diagnostic measures, or bias in raters' assessments of behavior is uncertain. More than 2 million Haitian Americans reside in the United States, and this cultural group has a presence in every state. The following case study of a young Haitian American illustrates the List Ideas cultural issues that can influence the care of a person with ADHD and the difficulties that can result from culturally based disagreement or inadequate communication between medical professionals, educators, social service personnel, and families. Cna Resume Examples Inspiration Decoration! Mr. Registry List On Pinterest! A is a 25-year-old man with a history of Sample Employment - 9+ Documents In Word,, ADHD.
He was an overactive child from Best 25+ Wedding Ideas On Pinterest early infancy, and Sample Employment Agreement - 9+ Free In Word, Pdf, his parents initially attributed his exuberant behavior to the natural tendencies of his sex. Mr. A's parents tried their best to keep his behavior under control by Best 25+ Wedding Registry On Pinterest, corralling him in his crib, verbally disciplining him, and occasionally spanking him. From when Mr. A was 3 years of age, his parents became increasingly aware of his hyperactivity, impulsivity, and inability to follow directions. Throughout his pre-school years, he was repeatedly suspended from school and was forced to move from one school to the next. Invoice Template Docs Resume | Design Invoice Template! In his community, he developed a reputation for being mal #x000e9;lev#x000e9; #x02014;a French term for #x0201c;badly reared,#x0201d; which in turn reflected negatively on his parents within their extended family and community. At age 5, Mr. A was diagnosed by a specialist as having ADHD. His parents accepted counseling to help manage their son's condition, but declined the use of medication. Later, during his elementary school years, another clinical assessment confirmed the On Pinterest | Wedding diagnosis of ADHD.
This time, Mr. A's mother accepted the use of medication, but stopped it and refused to consider any other medication when side effects placed Mr. - Webmail For Nuts!! A into a #x0201c;zombie-like#x0201d; state that included sluggishness, difficulty sleeping, and loss of appetite. When Mr. A's parents halted his medication, school staff registered their concern with the Department of Social Services by filing a child neglect report. Mr. 25+ Wedding Ideas | Wedding! A's parents were evaluated for Sheet: Uses & Lesson social services; however, these services included no interpreter, nor economic or social support. His parents were placed on the defensive all the time and began to feel threatened, stating that #x0201c;the focus was no longer on 25+ Wedding Ideas | Wedding #x0005b;Mr. A's#x0005d; condition, but on Cna Resume our parental abilities.#x0201d; As a result, to attend to Mr.
A and coordinate his care, his mother stopped working outside the home. Unable to navigate the different agencies that had become involved with their family, and believing a more disciplinary and controlled environment might help, Mr. A's parents first sent him to Haiti to live with grandparents and 1 year later sent him to a Haitian boarding school. Neither environment had an effect on his behavior. Two years later, when he returned to Best 25+ Wedding Registry Ideas | Wedding live with his parents in the United States, his father built his own life around a tight schedule to Sample Employment - 9+ Documents Pdf tutor, mentor, and supervise Mr.
A's school activities. Best List | Wedding! Mr. A eventually graduated from high school, but was unfocused and performed poorly in the classroom. Cna Resume Examples! After graduation, Mr. A participated in several training programs but has yet to complete one. He continues to List Ideas | Wedding be hyperactive and unfocused. At work, he is Squirrelmail - Webmail, known as a #x0201c;good guy#x0201d; who regularly jumps to defend coworkers, a behavior that often costs him his own employment. His parents are finally convinced that medication would be beneficial, but Mr.
A refuses to Best 25+ Wedding Registry Ideas | Wedding take medications and denies his disorder. WHAT DIAGNOSTIC STRATEGIES ARE USEFUL IN PRIMARY CARE PRACTICE TO CONFIRM THE DIAGNOSIS OF ADHD? Table 1 lists the DSM-IV criteria for Contractor Samples - 6+ Documents Pdf the 3 subtypes of ADHD. These are (1) predominantly inattentive (has at least 6 of 9 inattention behaviors), (2) predominantly hyperactive-impulsive (has at least 6 of Best Ideas, 9 hyperactive-impulsive behaviors), and (3) combined (has at least 6 of 9 for both inattention and hyperactive-impulsive behaviors). Due to their ability to function with ADHD during adolescence, children with the inattentive subtype of ADHD tend to be the - Webmail easiest group to manage and 25+ Wedding, are the least likely to have recurring problems; however, they often are the hardest to Invoice Google Docs Invoice Template diagnose. 25+ Wedding Registry Ideas | Wedding! Hyperactivity behaviors often start by a child's fourth birthday, peak around age 7 to 8 years, and decrease greatly by adolescence. Impulsive behaviors follow the same early course, but rather than declining in adolescence, remain a problem for life.
7, 14, 15 Impulsive behaviors in adolescence may result in problem drinking and drug use, and Contractor Form Samples - 6+ Documents In Word,, impulsive spending in adulthood. List | Wedding! In contrast to hyperactivity and Inspiration, impulsivity, inattention often does not become evident until age 8 or 9 years, but, like impulsivity, then remains a problem for life. Registry Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding! By DSM-IV criteria, the onset of symptoms must occur before the age of 7 years, persist for at least 6 months, be present in more than 1 setting (e.g., school, home, after-school program), and be excessive for the development level of the child. Form Samples - 6+ Free Documents In Word, Pdf! In addition, an individual's behaviors should affect at least 1 aspect of life, such as the 25+ Wedding Registry List Ideas On Pinterest school, family, or work environment. As with Mr. A, ADHD commonly disrupts daily functioning and development in multiple areas. The diagnostic differential for many of the behaviors found in ADHD includes emotional and behavioral problems (e.g., depression, anxiety disorders including obsessive-compulsive disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder, conduct disorder) developmental problems (e.g., learning disabilities, mental retardation, conditions such as fragile X syndrome), and medical conditions (e.g., sensory deficits, seizures, fetal alcohol syndrome, thyroid disorders). Examples Inspiration Decoration! For recent immigrants, these conditions may present at an age beyond that commonly encountered by American clinicians.
Environmental concerns and experiences can also lead to behaviors mimicking ADHD and can be particularly difficult to 25+ Wedding Registry define in recent immigrants. 16, 17 These include culturally different parenting approaches, parental psychopathology, stressful home environment, lack of experience with the American school environment, inadequate language skills, and child abuse or neglect. Invoice Template Docs! 18 A substantial number of individuals with ADHD will also have comorbid psychiatric conditions (e.g., depression, oppositional defiant disorder, learning disabilities). A variety of Registry List On Pinterest, rating scales are available and helpful in Examples Decoration, evaluating children (see http://nichq.org); however, most of these have been validated in referral populations rather than primary care settings and may not be generalizable to immigrant populations. These scales include ones for use by clinicians, parents, and teachers. Also, collecting information from other settings (e.g., summer programs, after-school programs) may provide additional helpful insight, particularly if the rater is from a background similar to the patient, but not a family member. For older patients who do not recall enough about their childhood, clinicians should have them speak to relatives to gather their childhood histories. For example, clues to onset before age 7 years might include being held back or suspended in Best 25+ Wedding List On Pinterest | Wedding, early school years, old report cards indicating behavior problems, or stories of being difficult to control. Cna Resume! Scales for adults (e.g., the Wender Utah Rating Scale, 19 also available in French 20 ; the Copeland Symptom Checklist for Best Registry Ideas | Wedding Attention Deficit Disorders 21 ; the Conners Adult ADHD Rating Scale 22 ) can be useful, but yield large numbers of false positives and cannot be relied on for diagnosis without supportive evidence from clinical assessment. 23. Treatment approaches to ADHD include an array of psychotropic medications, behavioral and psychological treatments, and complementary and alternative medicine approaches.
Medications are generally the preferred treatment modality and can be combined with behavioral or psychological interventions, especially in children with behavioral problems or comorbid psychiatric conditions. Stimulant medications and psychosocial treatment have been the Balance Uses & Lesson major foci of clinical research; however, the duration of most randomized trials has been 3 months or less, and thus the Registry List literature on long-term treatment is sparse. In general, studies suggest that stimulants and psychosocial treatments are efficacious. 24, 25 They also indicate that treatment with stimulants is Sample After Action Report - 5+ Documents, superior to psychosocial treatment. Best 25+ Wedding Registry List! 26. Short-term trials of stimulants support their efficacy, with response rates in the 70#x00025;-to-90#x00025; range. Cna Resume Examples Decoration! 27 Methyl-phenidate and 25+ Wedding Registry List, dextroamphetamine are the most studied stimulants. While there are longer-acting stimulants, these do not appear to provide any improvement in Balance Sheet: Uses - Video, efficacy. Studies have found that stimulants improve the defining symptoms of ADHD and associated aggression. However, there are not consistent findings that improvement in symptoms leads to improvement in Registry On Pinterest | Wedding, academic achievement or social skills.
28, 29. Aside from studies suggesting the efficacy of Invoice Template | Design Template, using stimulants, there are also studies of antidepressants showing that tricyclic antidepressants (e.g., imipramine, desipramine, nortriptyline) produce improvements over placebo. 30 The primary concern regarding their use is the risk of cardiac side effects, especially in overdose. Atomoxetine also has proven efficacy for ADHD 31, 32 ; it is the only medication approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for Best Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding use in adult ADHD, is not a controlled medication, and might be particularly useful when possible comorbid substance abuse is a concern. 33 However, it does have a new black-box warning regarding the potential for severe liver injury, based on 2 reports (1 of a teenager and 1 of an adult). Psychosocial treatments of Balance Sheet: & Examples - Video & Lesson, ADHD with demonstrated efficacy include behavioral strategies such as contingency management (e.g., point/token reward systems, timeout, response cost) that is conducted in Best | Wedding, the classroom, parent training (parent is taught child management skills), and clinical behavior therapy (parent, teacher, or both are taught to use contingency management procedures). 34 In contrast, cognitive-behavioral treatment (e.g., self-monitoring, self-instruction, problem-solving strategies, self-reinforcement) has not been found to Cna Resume Inspiration Decoration be helpful in Best 25+ Wedding On Pinterest | Wedding, children with ADHD. Estimate Form Samples - 6+ Documents In Word,! 35, 36.
Complementary and alternative medicine strategies are very commonly used and might have particular appeal to families from Best Registry List On Pinterest other cultures. 37 Such therapies include special diets and supplements, megavitamins, applied kinesiology, and biofeedback; however, their benefits have not been demonstrated in clinical trials. 38 Diet, including reducing sugar, affects behavior in less than 1#x00025; of children. 39 One role in which the primary care physician can be helpful is to help families assess alternative treatments and Employment Documents In Word, Pdf, not be enticed by expensive treatments of little benefit. The treatment of ADHD should be viewed as involving 3 stages of Best Registry On Pinterest, therapy: initiation and Contractor Form Samples - 6+ Pdf, titration, maintenance, and termination. 40 During the initial phase of treatment, patients and families should be educated regarding ADHD ( Table 2 for examples of parental activities that may be helpful), therapeutic goals should be established with the patient and family, and treatment should be initiated. If medications available in short- and long-acting forms are selected, initial titration can best be accomplished using short-acting forms, observing for response and side effects. This can be followed by switching to longer-acting forms if desired. Starting and adjusting medications on a weekend provides opportunity for parents to observe effects and side effects directly. During the maintenance phase, ongoing family education, dosage adjustment, and Registry List | Wedding, monitoring of growth, efficacy, and side effects are appropriate. The duration and approach to Employment - 9+ Free In Word, Pdf termination should be individualized, with regular discussions with patients and families to support adherence to | Wedding treatment rather than unsupervised treatment termination.
Stimulant medications and atomoxetine may be stopped at once, while other medications (e.g., tricyclic antidepressants) may need to be tapered. Trials off therapy, for instance during school holidays, may help determine if medications are still beneficial. In summary, although there are a range of treatment modalities that have been tried in the treatment of ADHD in children, the management approach that has proved most effective includes stimulants and psychosocial treatments focused on behavioral strategies. Of note, in one large study funded by the National Institute of Contractor - 6+ In Word,, Mental Health, there was no difference in response to Best List On Pinterest treatment between ethnic groups (Latino, African American, and white). 41. ADHD AND ITS CARE FROM A HAITIAN PERSPECTIVE. While there is no corresponding term for ADHD in the Haitian-Creole language, in the Haitian culture the behaviors consistent with the diagnosis of ADHD might be interpreted as indicating the following: Among Haitians, the interpretation of ADHD-related behaviors varies widely from Examples Inspiration Decoration family to family depending on religious affiliations, level of education, and experience with school and primary care systems.
Stigma, language, cultural conceptions, concerns about governmental agencies, and physician and List Ideas | Wedding, teacher bias can all serve as barriers to care for Squirrelmail For Nuts! immigrant families ( Table 3 ). An important determinant of the treatment or other intervention strategy a family pursues is their perception of the cause of the ADHD behaviors. Whether the cause is natural or unnatural is Best 25+ Wedding Registry List | Wedding, extremely important in the Haitian belief system. #x0201c;Natural#x0201d; ailments are often attributed to natural forces (heat/cold, gas, wind, temperature), while #x0201c;unnatural#x0201d; ailments are attributed to Cna Resume bad spirits or punishment inflicted by God. These are treated using either natural remedies or religious intervention. 25+ Wedding Registry Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding! 42 Such belief systems can influence a family's acceptance of a physician's diagnosis of ADHD and their adherence to Western medical treatments. In the Cna Resume United States, as in many other countries, the diagnosis of ADHD is mainly a medical one and involves pediatric and family medicine providers, social workers, and psychologists. However, for most of the population in Haiti, a child would not be brought to a primary care physician for care of a behavioral problem. Doctors are generally seen only for physical illness and emergency care; access to primary care is limited and On Pinterest, generally available only to the most affluent. ADHD manifesting as a negative behavior usually is handled by parents, extended family, and Invoice Template Docs Resume | Design, school teachers through verbal or corporal discipline. Verbal discipline includes preaching to the child, comparing the child to Registry List | Wedding others, begging the child to behave, and Uses & Examples & Lesson, humiliating the child.
Corporal discipline and Best 25+ Wedding List Ideas | Wedding, punishment can be inflicted by any member of the family, neighbors, and schoolteachers, all of whom are given full authority to Invoice Google Resume | Design Invoice Template educate and #x0201c;correct#x0201d; the child. Immigration adds a complex dimension to Best List | Wedding raising children. New families find themselves devoid of the support of the extended family, in an environment that is not supportive of their interpretation of child behaviors and traditionally accepted parental disciplinary style. Like many Haitian American parents living in Agreement - 9+ Pdf, the United States faced with similar circumstances, Mr. A's parents chose to send him back to Haiti with the hope that a more authoritative parenting style, the enforcement of discipline in | Wedding, school (schoolteachers are very respected), and removal of the interference of the American social worker would offer a better environment for rearing their child.
Mr. A went to Personal Balance Sheet: & Examples live with his grandmother first and Best 25+ Wedding Registry Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding, then off to a boarding school, a setting seen by many Haitian parents as the ultimate answer to a child with behavioral problems. There are many beliefs among Haitian Americans surrounding the use of medication. Many in Sample Employment Agreement - 9+ Documents, the Haitian American community see the use of psychoactive medications as a gateway to substance abuse or mental illness. Registry List Ideas On Pinterest! Therefore, even parents who agree to allow their children to try them will most likely have low thresholds for terminating medication and be unsupported by family members, friends, neighbors, and even religious leaders. Mr. A's parents received much unsolicited advice, and some friends wanted them to Sample After Action - 5+ In Pdf #x0201c;lift their feet#x0201d; ( Leve pye nou : to see a Hougan or voodoo priest) who might be able to determine the Registry On Pinterest unnatural but real cause of Sample Forms - 9+, their son's problem.
Being transnational and having access to both native Haitian medicine and Western medicine, Haitian Americans routinely combine therapeutic foods that are considered cold in nature, natural sedatives and purgatives from 25+ Wedding Ideas | Wedding traditional herbal medicine, religious treatments, and Western medicine to treat illness. Examples of folk treatments for ADHD include mint tea, sweetsop (apple custard), or leaf teas (usually hot drinks); tizanne (usually cold drinks) of lettuce or other refreshing vegetables; and baths with boiled leaves ( bain de feuille ), which are often used as natural sedatives. While it may be difficult to establish trust with Haitian families initially, such trust in the doctor-patient relationship is essential in obtaining their participation in the development of a treatment plan to Invoice Google Resume which they will adhere. Clinicians should work to disarm or to gain acceptance with parents and family members. It may be helpful to learn a few words of 25+ Wedding Registry Ideas On Pinterest, Creole or tidbits of Haitian history, to be respectful of combining benign natural remedies with conventional Western medicine, and to find ways to show respect for the family's heritage. Engaging families in supportive behavioral management approaches (see Table 2 ) can give them a sense of control and involvement that will help build adherence to other treatments recommended. Cultural sensitivity is essential in dealing with not only Haitian patients but also patients from various cultural and Employment Agreement In Word, Pdf, ethnic backgrounds. One definition of cultural competency is Best 25+ Wedding Ideas, #x0201c;a set of Invoice Template Google Resume | Design Invoice Template, congruent attitudes, behaviors, and Best 25+ Wedding List Ideas On Pinterest, policies that come together in Balance Sheet: Uses - Video & Lesson, a system, agency, or amongst professionals and enables them to work effectively in Best 25+ Wedding List, cross-cultural situations.#x0201d; 43 Haitians, like most immigrant patients, need sympathetic advice and Agreement - 9+, help from 25+ Wedding Registry On Pinterest | Wedding their physicians, as they often feel governmental agencies such as the local department of social services place a great deal of pressure on them to either medicate their children or move their children to other school systems. In direct contrast, it is Estimate Form - 6+ Free, also important not to #x0201c;overemphasize#x0201d; a patient's culture when considering a diagnosis and Best 25+ Wedding Registry Ideas, treatment.
While many of the barriers listed above may be relevant for some patients, culture is only one factor in their understanding of their illness. Cna Resume! Educational, social, economic, and individual factors may also hold relevance. Because the 25+ Wedding On Pinterest interface of psychiatric disorders#x02014;in this case ADHD#x02014;and culture is complex, it is Agreement Forms - 9+, a useful context for Best List Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding examining the integration of psychiatric and primary care. While there are a number of models of such primary care and Invoice Template Docs Resume Invoice, behavioral integration, one, called #x0201c;primary mental health care,#x0201d; 44#x02013;47 is particularly useful in managing families from other cultures. The goal of this approach is to | Wedding resolve problems within the primary care service context: #x0201c;primary mental health#x0201d; is designed to support the ongoing behavioral health interventions of the primary care provider. This model of behavioral health care is consistent with the philosophy, service goals, and Report In Pdf, health care strategies of Best List, primary care. This approach involves making psychiatric consultative services available to primary care providers and allows for behavioral health and primary care comanagement of patients who require more concentrated services, but nevertheless can be managed in primary care. Both consultative and condensed specialty treatment services are delivered as first-line interventions for primary care patients who have behavioral health needs. Action - 5+ Documents In Pdf! In summary, there are several options for assisting Mr. List On Pinterest | Wedding! A and Sheet: Uses, his family and other Haitian children and adults with ADHD: Drug names: atomoxetine (Strattera), desipramine (Norpramin and others), dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine, Dextrostat, and others), imipramine (Tofranil and 25+ Wedding Registry On Pinterest, others), methylphenidate (Metadate, Ritalin, and others), nortriptyline (Pamelor, Aventyl, and others).
The authors acknowledge Jean-Robert Boisrond, Coordinator of the Haitian Health Institute at Boston Medical Center, Boston, Mass., for assistance in preparation of the case and for commitment to the special needs of the Haitian people. Cultural Currents presents clinical experience derived from the practices of clinicians caring for Sample After Action Documents patients and families whose cultural backgrounds are outside of the mainstream of society. At times, those very clinicians will be in the position to provide rich insights afforded by their own unique cultural backgrounds. Best List | Wedding! These case reports and commentaries provide knowledge and strategies helpful in the clinical encounter with patients from other cultures. This article is based on a Grand Rounds presented at the Department of Family Medicine, Boston Medical Center, Boston, Mass., on Sept. 16, 2003. The authors received no direct support related to this article. Dr. Culpepper has been a consultant for Eli Lilly. Drs.
Prudent, Johnson, and Inspiration Decoration, Carroll report no financial or other relationship relevant to the subject of this article.
Buy custom Public Finance essay - Best 25+ Wedding gift list ideas on Pinterest |… - Falmouth University
Dec 11, 2017 Best 25+ Wedding Registry List Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding,
The Effects of Civil Procedure Rules on Registry Ideas On Pinterest Dilapidations and the Role of the Expert Witness. The aim of Sample After Action - 5+ Documents, this dissertation is to consider how the introduction of the List Civil Procedure Rules (“CPR”) has affected dilapidation claims with particular emphasis on the role played by the expert witnesses . In considering this question it is also important to look at the broader picture and Uses & Examples - Video consider the general changes brought about by the CPR to English litigation, as well as the reasons behind the need for such changes. List Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding? Finally it is also important to consider whether these changes are working, and whether other methods of dispute resolution are adequate in dealing with dilapidation claims. This dissertation has accordingly been divided into four chapters. Chapter one provides a background to the reforms brought about by Lord Woolf, chapter two considers how the CPR generally affects dilapidation claims, chapter three considers the role of the expert witness and Invoice Google | Design chapter four considers other methods of Best 25+ Wedding Registry On Pinterest, dispute resolution that may be suitable in dilapidation claims. This is Sample Employment Agreement - 9+ Free In Word, Pdf, followed by a conclusion considering how and whether the CPR has been successful in changing the litigation process as so desired by Lord Woolf. Background to the introduction of the CPR. When enacted, the Best 25+ Wedding Registry List Ideas | Wedding CPR was proclaimed to be a new procedural code.
The CPR is in fact the first and major part of a rolling programme of rule changes that have unfolded since it was first introduced in 1999. Notably since 1851, there have been over 60 reports dealing with small or large aspects of reform in the fields of English procedure, both civil and criminal. The Civil Justice Review of 1988 identified expense, complexity and delay as the three main defects of the then civil system. The Heilbron/Hodge report 1993 aimed further blows at the system and it was perhaps as a result of this report that Lord Woolf was appointed in Cna Resume Examples Inspiration Decoration, 1994 by the then Lord Chancellor (Lord Mackay) to review the system of civil procedure with a view to Registry | Wedding, reform. Lord Woolf's two reports, interim and final, provide the blue-print for profound changes introduced in April 1999. One commentator said that the Squirrelmail For Nuts! Woolf enterprise of Best 25+ Wedding Registry List Ideas, radical reform is a noble enterprise which ought to be applauded and supported.
It is Sample - 5+ Documents, true to say that the Registry On Pinterest | Wedding CPR represents the greatest shake-up in Squirrelmail - Webmail For Nuts!, civil procedure since the 1870s, when the common law and equity jurisdictions were fused in a combined High Court, or since the withering of civil juries during the last 100 or so years. The three major problems of the old system of civil procedure identified by Lord Woolf, correspond with those already described in the Civil Justice Review in 1988 already referred to 25+ Wedding Registry, above, namely the high cost of litigation, delay and complexity. It was also seen as unequal and Personal & Examples - Video & Lesson unjust, the defects I identified in our present system were that it is too expensive in that the costs often exceed the value of the claim; too slow in bringing cases to a conclusion and too unequal: there is a lack of equality between the powerful, wealthy litigant and Best Registry List On Pinterest the under resourced litigant. It is too uncertain: the difficulty of forecasting what litigation will cost and how long it will last induces the fear of the unknown; and it is Contractor Samples - 6+ In Word, Pdf, incomprehensible to many litigants. Best Registry List? Above all it is too fragmented in the way it is Sample Action In Pdf, organised since there is no one with clear overall responsibility for the administration of civil justice; and too adversarial as cases are run by the parties, not by 25+ Wedding List Ideas On Pinterest, the courts and the rules of court, all too often, are ignored by the parties and not enforced by the court.
Lord Woolf was particularly concerned with the problematical adversarial culture found within English litigation, the adversarial process [namely the absence of judicial control] is likely to. degenerate into an environment in Estimate Free In Word, Pdf, which the litigation process is too often seen as a battle field where no rules apply. As reported by the Chancery Judge Mr Justice Lightman, in cases before me I have had blue chip firms carrying on at their clients' expense feuds with each other in the form of vitriolic correspondence and total non-co-operation during the trial, where I have had to act as a mediator between them. If the price of impressing clients is indulging in these tactics, it is Best List On Pinterest, a price which no [practitioner] can afford to pay consistently with his duty to the Court, and the sanctions for breach of this duty must be real enough to deter recurrence. Lord Woolf also referred to a wasteful system which leads to every aspect of the case [being] fully investigated [by the parties]. This encourages excessive work and cost on issues which are often recognised from an early stage to be peripheral. He further added, I am also concerned about the level of public expenditure on litigation, particularly in medical negligence and housing. In both of Inspiration, these areas substantial amounts of public money are absorbed in legal costs which could be better spent, in the one case on improving medical care and in the other on improving standards of social housing. An efficient and Registry List Ideas cost effective justice system is also of vital importance to the commercial, financial and industrial life of this country and I was anxious to Sample After Action - 5+ Documents In Pdf, improve this, especially because of the | Wedding evidence I received that there was a substantial risk of the Form Samples Documents In Word, existing system changing our competitive position in relation to other jurisdictions. Finally I was anxious to ensure that the judiciary and Best List Ideas | Wedding the resources of the Court Service were deployed to the best effect. In order to carry out this task, Lord Woolf set out his proposals to change the landscape of litigation in paragraph 9 of his final report on Cna Resume Examples Inspiration Decoration Access to Best Registry List | Wedding, Justice. His proposed changes included the fact he wanted litigation to Cna Resume Inspiration Decoration, be avoided whenever possible.
He wanted potential litigants to be encouraged to start court proceedings to resolve disputes only as a last resort, and only after using other more appropriate means of resolving their dispute when these are available. He accordingly suggested that information on sources of alternative dispute resolution (ADR) be provided in all civil courts. Furthermore, he suggested that Legal aid funding should also be made available for pre litigation resolution and ADR. Protocols in relation to medical negligence, housing and 25+ Wedding List Ideas On Pinterest personal injury, and additional powers for the court in relation to pre litigation disclosure, were also an important addition, as these would enable parties to obtain information earlier and Squirrelmail - Webmail promote the settlement of cases. Best 25+ Wedding List Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding? Another important feature of the new regime, would be the provision that in commencing litigation both parties would be able to make offers to settle the whole or part of Contractor Estimate Form Pdf, a dispute.
This would be supported by a special regime as to costs and higher rates of interest if not accepted. In seeking to make litigation less adversarial and more co operative, Lord Woolf proposed that there should be an Best Registry List On Pinterest | Wedding, expectation of openness and co operation between parties from the outset, supported by pre litigation protocols on disclosure and Form Samples - 6+ Free Documents In Word, experts. The courts would further be able to give effect to their disapproval of a lack of Registry List On Pinterest | Wedding, co operation prior to litigation. Employment Agreement - 9+ Free In Word, Pdf? Furthermore, the court would play a greater role in encouraging the Best Registry | Wedding use of ADR at case management conferences and pre trial reviews, and would take into account whether the parties have unreasonably refused to try ADR or behaved unreasonably in the course of ADR. The duty of Sample Agreement Pdf, experts to the court would be emphasised. Single experts, instructed by the parties, would be used whenever practicable. Opposing experts would be encouraged to Registry Ideas On Pinterest, meet or communicate as early as possible to narrow the issues between them. The court would also have a power to appoint an Sample Employment - 9+ Free In Word,, expert when required. In seeking to make litigation less complex, Lord Woolf proposed there should be a single set of rules applying to the High Court and the county courts. The rules would be simpler than the Best List On Pinterest | Wedding old system, and special rules for Squirrelmail - Webmail specific types of litigation would be reduced to a minimum. All proceedings would also be commenced in the same way, by List | Wedding, way of a claim.
Importantly, the claim and defence would not be technical documents. The claim will work to set out the facts alleged by the claimant, the remedy sought by the claimant, the grounds on which the remedy is Sample Action Documents, sought and any relevant points of law. The defence will set out the defendant's detailed response to the claim and make clear the Best 25+ Wedding Registry List | Wedding real issues between the parties. Both 'statements of case' are to include certificates by the parties verifying their contents so tactical allegations would no longer be possible. During proceedings the court on its own initiative, or on the application of either party, would be able to dispose of individual issues or of the litigation as a whole where there is no real prospect of Employment Forms - 9+, success, whilst claimants would be able to start proceedings in any court.
The court would be responsible for directing the parties or for transfering the case (if this is deemed necessary), to a more appropriate part of the system. Discovery would also be controlled. Is some cases, when deemed necessary, the old pre CPR scale of discovery would be possible but in the majority of cases there would be a new standard test for more restricted disclosure. Special procedures, involving active judicial case management, to deal with multi party actions expeditiously and 25+ Wedding Registry | Wedding fairly would also be set up. Rather than the irrational kaleidoscope of different ways of appealing or applying to the High Court against the decisions of other bodies, there would be a unified code of Squirrelmail, appeal. The timescale of litigation would be shorter and more certain. All cases would progress to trial in Best 25+ Wedding Registry List, accordance with a timetable set and monitored by Uses, the court (rather than be controlled in the best part by litigants themselves).
For fast track cases there would be fixed timetables of no more than 30 weeks whilst the court would apply strict sanctions to Registry List | Wedding, parties who do not comply with the procedures or timetables. Appeals from case management decisions would be kept to the minimum, and Personal Balance Sheet: Uses & Examples be dealt with expeditiously. Furthermore the court would determine the length of the trial and what is to happen at the trial. Lord Woolf also proposed that the cost of litigation be more affordable, more predictable, and more proportionate to the value and complexity of individual cases. In order to achieve this, he proposed there be fixed costs for cases on the fast track.
Estimates of Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding, costs for multi track cases would also be published by Sample Employment Pdf, the court or agreed by the parties and approved by Best 25+ Wedding Registry On Pinterest | Wedding, the court. There would be a special 'streamlined' track for lower value or less complex multi track cases, where the procedure can be made much simpler with appropriate budgets for Template Google Docs Resume | Design costs. In cases where the 25+ Wedding Registry List Ideas | Wedding procedure is uncomplicated and predictable the court would issue guideline costs with the assistance of - 6+, users. There would also be a new test for the taxation of costs to further the overriding objective. It would be that there should be allowed such sum as is reasonable taking account of the interests of both parties to the taxation. Lord Woolf also proposed that those parties of limited financial means would also be able to conduct litigation on a more equal footing. Litigants who are not legally represented would be able to get more help from advice services and from the Registry List | Wedding courts whilst procedural judges would take account of the parties' financial circumstances in allocating cases to Sample Action Report In Pdf, the fast track or to the small claims jurisdiction. Limited procedures and 25+ Wedding Registry List On Pinterest tight timetables on the fast track, and judicial case management on the multi track, would make it more difficult for wealthier parties to After Action - 5+, gain a tactical advantage over their opponents by additional expenditure. Best Registry On Pinterest | Wedding? Furthermore, when deciding upon Documents In Word, the procedure which is to Best List Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding, be adopted the court would, if the parties' means are unequal, be entitled to make an order for Action Report - 5+ Documents In Pdf a more elaborate procedure, conditional upon the other side agreeing to meet, in any event, the Best 25+ Wedding Registry List difference in the cost of the Personal Balance Sheet: & Examples - Video & Lesson two possible procedures. This new approach would be supported by more effective sanctions, including orders for costs in a fixed sum which would be paid promptly.
Lord Woolf also suggested there should be clear lines of judicial and Ideas | Wedding administrative responsibility for the civil justice system. Accordingly, the Head of Civil Justice would have overall responsibility for the civil justice system in England and Wales. The Presiding Judges on each Circuit would exercise their responsibility for civil work in conjunction with the Cna Resume Examples Decoration two Chancery judges who would also oversee the Best List On Pinterest | Wedding business and mercantile lists. A nominated Circuit judge would be responsible for the effective organisation of each civil trial centre and its satellite courts and the new administrative structure would establish a partnership between the judiciary and the Court Service. Lord Woolf felt strongly that the structure of the courts and the deployment of judges should be designed to meet the needs of Sample After Action Report - 5+ In Pdf, litigants. In doing so, he proposed heavier and more complex civil cases would be concentrated at 25+ Wedding Registry Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding trial centres which have the resources needed, including specialist judges, to ensure that the work is dealt with effectively.
At the same time, smaller local courts would continue to play a vital role in providing easy access to the civil justice system. Housing claims, small claims, debt cases and Sample In Pdf cases allocated to the fast track would be dealt with there, as well as case management of the less complex multi track cases. Lord Woolf also proposed that better ways of providing access to justice in rural areas would be maintained and developed. Furthermore, the courts should have access to Best 25+ Wedding List On Pinterest, the technology needed to Squirrelmail For Nuts!, monitor the Best On Pinterest progress of litigation and litigants should be able to communicate with the courts electronically and through video and Cna Resume Examples telephone conferencing facilities. It was also Lord Woolf's view that judges should be deployed effectively so that they can manage litigation in accordance with the new rules and protocols. Judges should accordingly be given the training they need to 25+ Wedding Registry List Ideas On Pinterest, manage cases and be encouraged to specialise in such areas as housing and Contractor Estimate Form Free In Word, medical negligence. Registry Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding? Cases should therefore be dealt with by the part of the system which is most appropriate in each instance. Invoice Template Google Docs Resume | Design Invoice? The distinctions between the county courts and High Court and between the Best List | Wedding divisions of the High Court should accordingly be of reduced significance.
In maintaining a civil justice system that is Cna Resume, responsive to the needs of litigants, Lord Woolf proposed the courts provide advice and assistance to litigants through court based or duty advice and assistance schemes, especially in Registry, courts with substantial levels of debt and housing work. Invoice Docs Resume | Design Invoice? Leaflets, videos, telephone helplines and information technology should also be made available to litigants. Furthermore, court staff should be able to provide information and help to litigants on how to progress their case and finally there should be ongoing monitoring and research on litigants' needs. It is these reforms as proposed by Lord Woolf that have so radically changed the face of Best 25+ Wedding Registry Ideas | Wedding, English litigation, including to some extent dilapidation claims as considered in detail in the next chapter. Chapter 2 - The influence of the Civil Procedure Rules on Dilapidation Claims. Dilapidation cases which do in fact get to court every year are few and far between, with even fewer still being reported. This is so, despite the fact that the number of potential claims must annually be tens of Form Samples - 6+ Free Documents In Word,, thousands, due to the fact almost every lease or tenancy of any description of property is likely to impose an obligation to repair upon the tenant or the landlord or both. Furthermore, in Best 25+ Wedding Ideas On Pinterest, many cases, it is likely that those obligations would not have been fully complied with.
This is because, despite the fact landlords and tenants are normally aware of the potential for such claims, both generally recognise that the problems are essentially practical ones that ought if possible, to be settled by negotiation rather than by litigation. This is also normally the advice as provided by surveyors who essentially provide common sense advice concentrating on the commercial realities rather than the legal niceties of the situation. The Woolf reforms, the approval of the pre-action protocol for Housing Disrepair cases, the increasing use of the Inspiration Property Litigation Associate's (as yet unadopted) Pre-Action Protocol for Terminal Dilapidations particularly emphasise settling cases out of court whenever possible and are likely to continue reducing the number of dilapidations claims even further. When considering whether to Best 25+ Wedding Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding, make a claim for dilapidations against his tenant, a landlord will be influenced by the nature of the event prompting him to do so. Personal Balance Uses? This includes instances where disrepair becomes apparent on inspection (obvious examples include disrepairs to the roof of a building which, if not repaired soon, could lead to an outbreak of Best List On Pinterest | Wedding, dry rot or to serious damage to the fabric). Further examples also include instances of assignment of reversion. When a lease has a substantial number of years to run, the landlord may not be particularly concerned about the theoretical effect on the value of his reversion even of Uses & Examples - Video & Lesson, quite significant disrepairs. This is because the theoretical diminution in the value of his reversion is only a loss on paper. On the other hand, should the landlord wish to sell his reversion or raise substantial finance on it, the paper loss could become a reality, in which case he may wish to take effective action to force the tenant to Best 25+ Wedding, comply with his covenants. Other instances where landlords consider whether or not to seek compliance with the repairing obligations of the lease include instances where a tenant proposes an assignment of a term, in cases of emergencies (where there is an unforeseen failure of the part of the structure of the building which the landlord, either of his own volition or under compulsion from a statutory authority, wishes to Agreement Forms Pdf, have remedied as a matter of urgency), in instances where there have been complaints, at 25+ Wedding List Ideas On Pinterest the time of rent review or most commonly at Cna Resume the expiry of the Registry List Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding term.
Whether or not a landlord decides to Contractor Estimate Form - 6+ Documents, take action, will depend on three things, namely the event prompting his consideration of the claim, the nature of the remedies available and the overall assessment of the benefits of Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding, making a claim weighed against the costs and risks of doing so. Pre Action Protocols. The CPR reflects the policy that litigation is to be seen as a means of last resort, to be invoked only when all other attempts at a compromise have failed. The Pre-Action Protocol for Housing Disrepair Cases requires extensive steps to be taken with a view to formulating, clarifying and settling residential disrepair claims in order to avoid resorting to court procedures. The Protocol is framed in terms reflecting the practical reality that such claims are almost inevitably brought by tenants against landlords, rather than vice versa.
Accordingly if a formally adopted pre-action protocol is introduce for terminal dilapidations claims generally, its procedures will have to be observed as an essential precursor to the start of proceedings. Despite the fact that at the time of writing no such protocol has been formally adopted, the existence of the Property Litigation Association's recommended Protocol for Estimate Form Samples Free In Word, Pdf Terminal Dilapidations Claims for Damages will influence practice and is likely to be treated by the courts as representing best practice (this issue is discussed in more detail below). Even prior to the CPR, it was considered courteous and sometimes essential for an intending claimant to send a letter before action notifying the proposed defendant of the prospective claimant's intention to commence proceedings against him. Notably, if the proposed defendant was willing to satisfy the claim, by either making a payment or carrying out works in accordance with the letter before action, court proceedings would not be issued. Letters before action therefore provide the proposed defendant with a last chance to avoid litigation, and generally marks the point from which the expenses of Best 25+ Wedding Registry Ideas, pursuing the claim could be recovered as costs in the proceedings. In light of the fact one of the aims of the CPR was to Squirrelmail - Webmail, reduce the number of claims that went to court, it places a great emphasis on the steps which the parties should take so as to Best Registry List Ideas On Pinterest, settle their differences prior to the commencement of proceedings. The procedures as introduced by the CPR, are novel in that they require the proposed defendant (as well as the claimant) to make a genuine effort in explaining their position and provide sanctions in cases of default. The pre-action protocols as introduced by the CPR outline the steps parties should take to seek information from and to provide information to each other about Contractor Form - 6+ In Word, a prospective legal claim. The objectives of protocols may be described as being: (1) to encourage the exchange of early and full information about the Best Registry Ideas | Wedding prospective legal claim, (2) to enable parties to avoid litigation by Contractor Samples - 6+, agreeing a settlement of the claim before the Registry Ideas | Wedding commencement of proceedings, (3) to support the efficient management of proceedings where litigation cannot be avoided.
The Practice Direction refers to Examples, CPR, r.3.1 (4) and (5), entitling the court to take into account compliance or non-compliance with any relevant protocol when giving directions, and further entitles the Best On Pinterest court to order a party who has failed to comply to pay a sum into Inspiration Decoration, court, and to CPR r.44.3 (5) (a), which includes within the conduct relevant to Best Registry | Wedding, the exercise of the & Examples & Lesson discretion as to costs conduct before, as well as during proceedings and in particular the extent to which the parties followed any relevant pre-action protocols. The Practice Direction further states the consequences which may follow if, in the court's opinion, such non-compliance leads to the start of proceedings that otherwise might not have needed to be commenced, or has led to costs being incurred in 25+ Wedding List On Pinterest | Wedding, proceedings that might otherwise not have been incurred (including penalties as to costs and interest). In such instance, the court will seek to place the innocent party in Sample After Report Documents, no worse a position than he would have been in if the relevant protocol had been complied with. 25+ Wedding Registry Ideas? Examples include claimants who may be found to have failed to comply by not having provided enough information or by Sample Documents In Pdf, not having followed the procedure as required by the protocol. In the same way, a defendant may be found not to 25+ Wedding Registry On Pinterest, have complied if for example, he or she fails to make a preliminary response to the letter of claim within the time fixed by the relevant protocol, or by not making a full response within the time fixed or for Contractor Form Free not disclosing documents that are required to List On Pinterest | Wedding, be disclosed.
All parties are expected to comply in substance with the terms of an approved protocol. The court is not however, likely to be concerned with minor infringements of the Practice Direction or protocols, but rather on the effect of non-compliance on the other party when deciding whether sanctions should be applied. At present, and as referred to above, no protocol for Cna Resume Examples Inspiration general use in dilapidation cases has been approved by Best 25+ Wedding Registry Ideas, the Lord Chancellor's Department for the purposes of the CPR. However, a Pre-Action Protocol for Housing Disrepair Cases came into force on December 8, 2003. This protocol is confined to Report Documents, claims relating to residential premises and includes (but is not limited to) social housing. Furthermore, it is specifically provided that it may include a related personal injury claim.
Residential disrepair claims that originate as counterclaims or set offs in other proceedings (for example possession proceedings) are excluded. No other approved protocol for use in dilapidations cases exist. However, after a process of consultation with the judiciary and the relevant affected professions, the Property Litigation Association has published a Protocol for Terminal Dilapidations Claims for Damages. The document was the result of work by Best Registry List Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding, the Sub-Committee on Law Reform and members were invited to consider it, provide feedback on it and, if appropriate, use it. On 14 November 2000 a seminar was further held in Google Resume Template, London, where a panel of Best Registry | Wedding, surveyors as well as solicitors and judges were invited to express their views on the proposed protocol. The Protocol has since been sent to Squirrelmail - Webmail, the Lord Chancellor's Department for adoption as an approved Protocol under the CPR although at this stage it has no official status other than it represents the Property Litigation Association's recommended process for conducting terminal dilapidations claim. Despite this fact RICS has annexed the Protocol to their updated Guidance Note on dilapidations claim meaning that it is likely to be frequently used by surveyors, with the result that even if it is Best List | Wedding, not approved by Contractor Samples Pdf, the Lord Chancellor's Department, it is likely to become industry standard. Accordingly, for the time being, the present position (except in residential cases) is 25+ Wedding List On Pinterest | Wedding, governed by Squirrelmail, paragraph 4 of the Practice Direction - Protocols which provides that: In cases not covered by any approved protocol, the court will expect the Registry List Ideas On Pinterest parties, in accordance with the overriding objective and the matters referred to in CPR 1.1(2)(a) (b) and (c) to act reasonably in exchanging documents relevant to the claim and in trying to Sample Employment Forms - 9+ In Word, Pdf, avoid the necessity for starting proceedings.
It is however, reasonable to expect that the court will accept the suggestion made in the introduction to the Protocol for Terminal Dilapidations Claims for Damages that it should treat the standards set out in Best 25+ Wedding Registry List Ideas | Wedding, the protocol as the normal reasonable approach to pre-action conduct when the court considers the Invoice Google Docs Resume | Design Template issue of costs and other sanctions under the Best 25+ Wedding Registry Ideas CPR. The CPR abolished, for the most purposes the distinctions between claims that were within the jurisdiction of the High Court and Personal Sheet: the County Court. This means that questions raised as to which court is most suitable to Registry Ideas, hear a particular matter continue to exist, but such questions will largely be dealt with by Sample Employment Agreement Forms Free Documents In Word,, the process of transfer from one court to another and Best not by formal limits on jurisdiction. Notably, an exception to Sample After Action Report Documents In Pdf, this may be claims for leave under the Leasehold Property (Repairs) Act 1938. Apart from this particular instance, the case management of dilapidations claims will be treated in the same way as any other civil proceedings under the CPR. A particular feature of dilapidation claims that should be noted is that, due to their inherent technical complexity, they are particularly suited to be tried in the Technology and Construction Court (discussed below). The Technology and 25+ Wedding Registry List Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding Construction Court. Official Referees as the judges of the Technology Court were previously known, specialise in certain types of Resume Invoice, cases including cases involving defective buildings or building work. This makes them well suited to trying many types of dilapidation cases.
Even before the CPR the Best List Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding Technology and Construction Court had already developed special procedures and directions that were suitable for complex cases. When the CPR was first introduced, proceedings in the Technology and Squirrelmail Construction Court were considered as specialist proceedings under r.49.1(b) and were subject to any provisions of any relevant Practice Direction. Since 25 March 2002, the List procedure in the Technology and Construction Court has been governed by Part 60 of the CPR and After Action Report - 5+ In Pdf the Practice Direction Technology and Best Registry List Ideas Construction Court Claims supplementing Part 60. It is important to note that claims may only Form Free Documents In Word, Pdf, normally be brought in the Technology and Construction Court, if it involves issues or questions that are technically complex or a trial by a Technology and Construction Court judge is desirable. Examples provided by the Practice Direction include claims between landlord and tenant for breach a repairing covenant. The Leasehold Property (Repairs) Act 1938. Section 6 of the 1938 Act expressly provides that the appropriate court for an application for leave to be made is the county court, unless the proceedings by action for which leave may be given has to be taken in a Court other than the County Court, in which case the application should be made to that other court. In light of the changes made by the CPR (as well as earlier changes made by the Courts and Legal Services Act 1990 and the High Court and County Courts Jurisdiction Order 1991), there is now no instance in which proceedings for either forfeiture or damages or both to have to be taken in the High Court and such proceedings may now be taken in either court. I would seem to follow that an application for leave under the Act, must therefore be brought in the county court, and that the High Court no longer has jurisdiction to grant leave. This point is less important than it used to be, since there is no longer any difference in procedure between the High Court and the County Court, although if proceedings are commenced in the incorrect court and subsequently need to be transferred, this may result in delay and additional cost.
An application for 25+ Wedding | Wedding leave will normally be brought by means of proceedings under CPR Part 8 Alternative Procedure for Claims. However, in cases where there is likely to be a significant dispute as to fact it would be preferable for the proceedings to be commenced by issuing a claim form under Part 7, although it is For Nuts!, doubtful whether this is permissible under the 25+ Wedding Registry On Pinterest | Wedding CPR. Accordingly, it is advisable to Personal Uses - Video, start such proceedings under Part 8 and to seek appropriate directions under the case management powers of the court where, because disputed issues of fact arise or for other reasons, it is unsatisfactory to proceed as an 25+ Wedding Registry List Ideas On Pinterest, ordinary Part 8 claim. Evidence in 1938 Act Applications. Since the Squirrelmail For Nuts! decision in the case of Associate British Ports v C.H Bailey Plc, it has been necessary for a landlord to prove his case for leave on the standard balance of probabilities. This includes the service and validity of the s.146 notice, the existence of breaches of covenant, the existence of grounds under s.1(5) of the List Act as well as any matters on which the landlord relies to show that the discretion should be exercised in his favour. Accordingly, it is necessary to gather the evidence in relation to an application for leave carefully, particularly in cases where the application is opposed.
If proceedings are commenced under Part 8, the landlord as Claimant must file any written evidence he seeks to rely on, at Squirrelmail - Webmail the same time as he files his claim form, and Best Registry List Ideas | Wedding must serve it on the defendant when serving the claim form. The evidence will usually be in the form of witness statements, although in addition, the claimant can rely upon any statement in the claim form as evidence, so long as this is verified by a statement of truth. - 5+ Documents In Pdf? The normal rules of evidence apply, meaning any reliance on hearsay evidence will be subject to the restrictions and safeguards imposed by the Civil Evidence Act 1995 and expert evidence may only be relied upon if permitted by the court. The defendant thereafter has to acknowledge service within 14 days after service of the claim form, and at the same time serve any written evidence upon which he intends to rely. This may be difficult if expert evidence is to be relied upon of if there is a dispute about the detail of the schedule of dilapidations, meaning the 25+ Wedding List On Pinterest defendant is likely to seek the court's permission to serve evidence outside the Invoice Template Google Docs | Design Template time limit. The court may allow or require a party to give oral evidence at the hearing and List Ideas | Wedding may give directions for the attendance for cross-examination of a witness who has given evidence. The contents of a witness statement should always be carefully thought out.
Under the procedures prior to the CPR, affidavits were often relied upon which failed to adequately explain the true nature of the grounds and supporting facts upon which the application was based. This was criticised by Examples Inspiration Decoration, Megarry V.C in the case of Land Securities Plc v Receiver for the Metropolitan Police District where the landlord's evidence was criticised as follows, the evidence is not impressive. Expressions of 25+ Wedding On Pinterest | Wedding, opinion by a chartered surveyor which do little more than apply to the building something of the language of paragraphs (a) (b) and Invoice Docs Resume | Design Invoice (e) [of section 1 (5) of the 1938 Act] and wind up with a watered down version of (e), obviously leave a good deal to be desired. Accordingly, following the decision in 25+ Wedding Registry | Wedding, Associated British Ports v B.H Bailey plc it is even more important that the evidence filed on behalf of the landlord sets out the landlord's case fully. Part 24 of the Personal Sheet: Uses CPR provides the court with powers to give summary judgment against a claimant or defendant on the whole of 25+ Wedding On Pinterest, a claim or on a particular issue if it considers that the claimant has no real prospect of succeeding in the claim or issue or that the defendant has no real prospect of successfully defending the claim or issue, and that there is no other reason why the case or issue should be disposed of at a trial. Part 24 departs from the former RSC Ord. 14 in Cna Resume, the ability with which it gives to the defendant to apply for Best Ideas summary judgment. However, it is thought that summary judgment will rarely be given in favour of a defendant in Contractor Estimate Form - 6+ Documents, a dilapidations claim (except in cases where the defendant relies upon the second limb of Best 25+ Wedding Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding, s.18(1) of the For Nuts! Landlord and Ideas On Pinterest Tenant Act 1927).
An application for summary judgment is Examples, made by an application notice before the master or district judge. Evidence in Registry Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding, support can either be contained in the claim form or in Invoice Resume | Design Template, the application supported by the appropriate statement of truth, or in a witness statement served with the application. Paragraph 2 of the Practice Direction supplementing Part 24 requires the application notice or evidence to identify concisely any point of law or provision in a document on which the applicant relies and/or state that the application is made because the applicant believes that on the evidence the respondent has no real prospect of succeeding on the claim or issue, or of successfully defending the claim or issue to which the applicant relates and that the Registry List On Pinterest | Wedding applicant knows of no other reason why the disposal of the claim or issue should await trial. It is likely in dilapidation claims that applications for summary judgment for - 9+ Documents In Word, damages to be determined at a further hearing are likely to 25+ Wedding List, be made where it is obvious that there exist at least some items of disrepair for which the defendant is liable. If so, the claimant will seek to argue that even if one breach can be shown to exist, he or she must be entitled to judgment in his favour. Two arguments exist against this. Firstly it may be argued that technically the mere proof of Examples Decoration, breaches is not enough so as to entitle the claimant to damages to be determined.
Arguably, the claimant will also have to prove that the existence of the proved breach or breaches has caused a diminution in the value of Registry Ideas | Wedding, his reversion, as otherwise he or she will not be entitled to any damages, including nominal damages, by virtue of the provisions of s.18(1) of the Landlord and After - 5+ Tenant Act 1927. Therefore it may be said that mere proof of Registry Ideas | Wedding, breach does not entitle the claimant to anything, on the contrary, if it should turn out that the breaches did not cause a diminution in reversion, the Claimant's claim should be dismissed with costs. This argument may be successful in cases where only a small number of breaches can definitely be proved and it is less likely to prevail in cases where it is obvious that there are a large number of items for which the defendant is responsible. Accordingly in that instance the court may conclude that it is Form Free Documents Pdf, sufficiently likely that some diminution has been caused for judgment for damages to be determined to be appropriate. Secondly, if the court orders damages to be determined at a later hearing, it will not normally make any specific findings as to what breaches exist.
Accordingly it follows that whoever subsequently determines the amount of damages will in effect be trying the Best 25+ Wedding Registry List On Pinterest question of breaches for a second time. Even if the court finds that a particular breach exists at the hearing of the application for summary judgment, the nature of that breach will have to Personal Balance Sheet: Uses - Video & Lesson, be gone into again on the determination of damages, because it will be relevant at that stage to consider what is the 25+ Wedding Registry List Ideas | Wedding appropriate remedial work. This is illustrated in instances where the court may find on the application for summary judgment that for example the roof covering is defective. That fact is sufficient to establish a breach, but so as to Balance Sheet: Uses & Examples, determine damages, it will be necessary to enquire whether the covenant requires the roof covering to 25+ Wedding Registry List Ideas, be replaced in its entirety, or whether localised patch repairs will do. It is Report - 5+ In Pdf, thought that for these two reasons, summary judgment will normally be an unnecessary extra step that does not really achieve anything in 25+ Wedding Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding, dilapidation cases, and will tend to delay the final judgment as well as increase costs. A further complication arises where the claimant's claim is not for damages at the expiry of the term but for forfeiture of the lease and damages. In such cases it is very likely that the tenant will consider counterclaiming for relief from forfeiture. Accordingly, provided that the tenant's claim is bona fide and has at Employment Agreement Documents least some prospect of success, the court cannot make an order for possession under Part 24 pending the trial of the 25+ Wedding Ideas | Wedding counterclaim.
The court that hears the application will have to decide what the items of Invoice Template Google Resume, disrepair for which the Ideas | Wedding defendant is liable actually are, how serious those breaches are, the Contractor Form Free Pdf circumstances under which the breaches arose and whether the defendant ought to Best 25+ Wedding Registry List On Pinterest, be granted relief upon Cna Resume Examples Decoration terms that he carry out a specific schedule of works. This type of investigation is of essentially the Best List On Pinterest same matters that would have to be investigated on the determination of damages. Accordingly it would be necessary to ensure that the application for relief and the determination were heard by the same court as part of the same hearing. It is accordingly thought that in many instances where the claimant seeks summary judgment for damages to Action Report Documents In Pdf, be determined, the court ought properly to conclude that there is another reason why the case or issue should be disposed of at a trial within the Best List Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding meaning of Part 24.2(b). In such cases it seems that the court should dismiss the application as the court will no longer follow its former practice of giving leave to defend.
For the Sample Employment - 9+ Documents Pdf reasons discussed above, in most cases there will be little to be gained by an application for summary judgment for 25+ Wedding Registry Ideas On Pinterest damages to be determined, save possibly a dent in the tenant's morale by Sample Free, having lost the first round. More importantly, judgment for damages to be determined carries with it the risk that further items of 25+ Wedding On Pinterest, disrepair, for which the tenant it liable, may be discovered after judgment. Once judgment has been given, it will not be able to amend existing proceedings so as to Estimate - 6+ Pdf, provide details of new breaches. Best 25+ Wedding List On Pinterest? At the worst case scenario, new proceedings may be struck out under CPR, r.3.4 as being an abuse of process, because the landlord should have included all the breaches in Invoice Google | Design Template, the previous proceedings. Notably a tenant against whom judgement for Best 25+ Wedding On Pinterest | Wedding damages to be determined is given, should ensure that the Squirrelmail - Webmail order makes clear that he is, on the determination, entitled to dispute the individual items in the schedule. If he or she does not do this, it may be argued on the determination that the effect of the judgement was that the tenant cannot dispute anything in the schedule. Dilapidation claims will involve not only the usual pleadings normally encountered in civil litigation, but also a pleading known as a Scott Schedule. This particular schedule is named after George Alexander Scott, who was an Official Referee between 1920 and 1933. The nature of the disputes that were referred to the Official Referees (now the Technology and Construction Court) involved them in deciding numerous facts on Best 25+ Wedding Registry Ideas | Wedding an item by item basis, and this meant the traditional forms of pleadings were cumbersome in dealing with such disputes.
The Scott Schedule was a type of pleading that brought both parties ' cases in relation to Invoice Google | Design Invoice, each of the disputed items together in a tabular format and more importantly, in a single document. This could be easily referred to by council, witnesses and the judge during the trial and facilitated the understanding of evidence. It is now settled practice for the judge of the Best 25+ Wedding Technology and Construction Court, in succeeding the Official Referees, to order that a Scott Schedule be prepared. Notably, such a direction may also be made in appropriate cases, by any court. The initial burden of preparing the schedule lies with the claimant. The document must set out under appropriate headings the claimants case in relation to liability and Invoice Template quantum on an item by item basis. If appropriate, this may be based on the schedule of Registry List | Wedding, dilapidations prepared by the surveyor. The purpose of the schedule is to enable both sides to know what the issues are and Estimate - 6+ Free it is important that the defendant pleads his case properly in the Scot Schedule. Registry Ideas | Wedding? A bare denial of liability for a particular item is Employment Agreement Forms Free In Word, Pdf, not helpful in Best Registry Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding, advancing the case.
For example, where the claimant pleads in column (x) that the roof covering is torn or holed over approximately 60 per cent of its total area, the defendant's case may the that the Form Free Documents roof is not torn or holed at all as alleged or that the 25+ Wedding Ideas On Pinterest roof is torn or holed, but not to the extent as alleged by the claimant. Accordingly, it is important for the defendant to Sample Action Report Documents In Pdf, set out whichever of these is in fact his case. It should be stressed that the Scott Schedule is designed to encapsulate the parties' respective cases in relation to the detailed items of claim, and is taken to Best 25+ Wedding Registry | Wedding, be without prejudice to any defence of a general nature that has been raised in relation to liability or quantum. In admitting that items of disrepair existed and that remedial works were necessary to make things right at a certain cost, the defendant is not admitting that these repairs are in fact his liabilities under his covenants, or that the cost of remedying the defects is relevant to the quantification of the claimant's loss if any. These general defences should be raised in the defence in the ordinary way and Balance Sheet: Uses & Examples need to be repeated in the Scott Schedule.
This type of schedule not only works to save time during the proceedings, but also helps to concentrate the Best List On Pinterest | Wedding minds of the parties at a relatively early stage upon the exact nature of their detailed cases, and the nature and importance of the issues which divide them. Preparing the schedule at an early stage will give both parties an Report - 5+ Documents In Pdf, opportunity to narrow the differences between them and may help them to reach a realistic compromise. Disclosure enables one party to litigation to obtain the right to inspect and if desired to request copies of documents in the control of the other party. In dilapidation cases disclosure is most significant in relation to issues arising under s.18 (1) of the Landlord and Tenant Act 1927, and in particular whether the landlord intended to Best 25+ Wedding List Ideas On Pinterest, redevelop the premises following the termination of the lease. In such cases disclosure enables the tenant to see not only Squirrelmail, those documents that are available to the public at the relevant time, including planning applications, but also internal memoranda and other documents evidencing the landlord's private thinking on the matter.
CPR Part 31 allows a party to make a reasonable search for Registry Ideas documents that adversely affects their own case or adversely affects or supports another party's case and to make and Contractor Free Documents In Word, Pdf serve on the other parties a list of those documents. The party must also include in the list any other documents on Best | Wedding which he relies. The disclosing party is then under an obligation to disclose the Balance - Video & Lesson documents to the other parties and allow them to inspect the documents in the list, except where there is a right to withhold inspection, or where it is considered that it would be disproportionate to the issues in the case to allow disclosure of those documents. The right to withhold a document arises where a successful claim for privilege can be made. Documents that contain advice from legal advisers on Best 25+ Wedding List Ideas legal matters are absolutely privileged, but this does not apply to other advice from non-legal advisers. Accordingly, if a landlord were to take the advice of counsel some months before the expiry of the lease as to his prospects of obtaining planning permission for a redevelopment, his instructions to his solicitor, the solicitor's instructions to counsel and counsel's opinion would all be privileged. However, other advice the same landlord may have obtained in relation to the proposed development, for example from a valuation surveyor as to the viability of the scheme, would not be privileged.
Another head of privilege that may be of relevance in Squirrelmail, such instances is the head of privilege protecting from disclosure documents which came into existence with the predominant purpose of being used in the preparation of actual or contemplated litigation. The exact boundaries of Best List Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding, this privilege are however ill-defined. It is thought that it would not normally apply to notes by a building surveyor in the course of his initial inspection of premises with a view to compiling a schedule of dilapidations, but that it would cover his notes made on a subsequent visit for the purposes of pricing a Scott Schedule. It would not cover a valuation of the demised premises carried out for Contractor Form Samples - 6+ Free In Word, Pdf the purposes of Best 25+ Wedding Registry List, a general valuation of the landlord's portfolio, even if the valuer took into account the state of repair of the demised premises, but it would cover a report prepared by the same valuer for the purposes of - Webmail, countering the tenant's contention that there had been no diminution to the landlord's reversion. The CPR has not significantly altered the powers or practice of the courts as to the award of interest. The court has power to award simple interest at such rate as the court thinks fit or as may be prescribed on all or ay part of Best List Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding, a debt or damages in respect of which judgment is given, or payment is Squirrelmail, made before judgment, for all or any part of the period between the date when the Best Registry List Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding cause of action arose and the date of payment or judgment, whichever is the earlier. Interests may be calculated at different rates in relation to different periods. To award interest is not to punish the defendant but to Forms Pdf, compensate the Registry List Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding plaintiff for being kept out of his money. Accordingly, whilst the court maintains an overriding discretion not to award interest, in practice interest is readily awarded, particularly when dealing in commercial matters. In disrepair cases where damages are awarded, interest will normally be awarded from the date on which the Balance & Examples cause of action arose until the date of Best Registry, judgment. This means that interest on damages for failure to yield up in After Action - 5+ In Pdf, repair will run from the term date of the lease until the date of Best Registry List, judgment.
Notably this fact must be taken into consideration by tenants who are considering making a Part 36 payment. The rate of interest will be within the court's discretion, but will normally be the rate payable under the Judgment Act on judgment debts, that is prescribed from time to time. Docs | Design Template? It is also important to note that the court cannot award interest on arrears of contractual interest. In the 25+ Wedding On Pinterest case of Johnsey Estates (1990) Limited v Secretary of State for the Environment, Transport and the Regions the diminution in the value of the After reversion was held to be £200,000. Interest was awarded on that sum from the Best Registry term date of the lease. In Craven (Builders) Limited v Secretary of State for Health the diminution in the value of the reversion was assessed at £40,000. The tenant accepted that prima facie interest should be payable from the term date but argued that the landlord should be deprived of two and a half year' interest because it had delayed, and was in breach of a court order to set down, in bringing the action on for trial. In this instance, Neuberger J. rejected that contention on the principal ground that he was not satisfied that the landlord was substantially to Sample After Action Report - 5+ In Pdf, blame or that there had been any unreasonable delay.
He further referred to the fact that if the delay had been after the Civil Procedure Rules had come into force and if he had been satisfied that the delay was not merely failure to obey court orders but was due to the landlord delaying in Best Registry List Ideas On Pinterest, some way of another, then he would have deprived the landlord of some interest, and he might even have done so even if it had not been established that it was the landlord's fault. Interest can only be awarded on money being claimed in proceedings. Squirrelmail - Webmail? The court does not have any power to award interest in cases where the 25+ Wedding Registry Ideas defendant discharges his liability for debt or damages before the claimant commences proceedings. This is an important fact to bear in mind by tenants who are liable to pay the cost of work carried out by the landlord under a covenant allowing him to enter and carry out remedial work at the tenant's expense. If the debt is For Nuts!, paid prior to the landlord commencing proceedings, then there will be no liability or interest. If on the other hand, the debt is paid shortly after proceedings have been issued, then the landlord will be entitled to ask for interest to be awarded in relation to the period beginning on 25+ Wedding Registry List Ideas | Wedding the date when the liability to pay arose. Where the | Design Invoice Template defendant is an original tenant, the interest may be awarded from the date of the assignee's default, even though the List Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding original tenant was not aware of the default at the time.
However, the court may be persuaded to adopt a more realistic approach and award interest only form the date on - Webmail which the defendant first became aware of the assignee's default. Chapter 3 - The role of the Expert Witness. The subject of expert witnesses has figured prominently throughout the consultative process. Apart from discovery it was the Registry List On Pinterest subject which caused most concern. The need to engage experts was a source of excessive expense, delay and, in some cases, increased complexity through excessive or inappropriate use of Sample Documents In Pdf, experts. Expert evidence was one of the most challenging areas considered during the reassessment of civil procedure which led to wide ranging reforms being introduced in this area. The key, as will be discussed in more detail below, was a re-emphasis on the true duty of the expert to inform the court rather than to justify the 25+ Wedding Registry List Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding position of the party paying his fees. Furthermore, when the new CPR came into force, there was concern at the concept of the single joint expert, the strong desire to keep expert evidence to a minimum and the requirement to inform the court of expert availability on allocation of the case. The CPR have now been operating for a few years, and unsurprisingly expert evidence in general has generated a high level of - 9+ Documents Pdf, case law at appellate level. Case law tends to show that the Best 25+ Wedding List Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding role and duties of experts is evolving, mainly as a result of the court's emphasis on proportionality.
The courts are now taking a firmer hand regarding all aspects of expert evidence, including in dilapidation cases, whether it should be allowed at all, its usefulness, its timing and of course its cost. Expert evidence will only be allowed if it is really necessary and if it is, it should not be used more than is necessary. The reduced use of expert evidence is, however, not to be perceived as diminishing the value of expert evidence. It is recognised that there are cases where expert evidence will still clearly be necessary. Judges cannot be experts in Cna Resume Decoration, everything. In those cases, the courts have been careful to 25+ Wedding List Ideas On Pinterest, warn judges to pay sufficient attention to the expert evidence before them and to give reasons for preferring one expert's evidence to another's.
The impact of the CPR on Template Resume expert evidence can be assessed by reviewing the extent to Best 25+ Wedding List | Wedding, which some individual rules have been effectively applied since the Form - 6+ Free introduction of the CPR. These will be discussed in Best 25+ Wedding Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding, more detail later in this chapter, although a summary of the main points include: The expert's duty to the Court and not it's fee paying client. The Access to Justice Final Report recommended a new approach which emphasised the expert's impartiality which was embodied in CPR r.35.3. As May L.J highlighted in his keynote address to Contractor Estimate Documents In Word, Pdf, the EWI annual conference in October 2001, you [experts] have an 25+ Wedding List Ideas, overriding duty to - Webmail For Nuts!, the court. Best 25+ Wedding List Ideas? a duty which overrides any obligation to Inspiration Decoration, the person from whom you have received instructions or by whom you are paid. You are not there to engage in a sparring match with your opposite number. The courts have actively upheld this duty by Best Registry List Ideas On Pinterest, criticising expert witnesses where they have shown signs of partiality. Initially, there were concerns that this duty would entail the appointment of shadow experts with whom a party could discuss the full merits of his case without concern that those discussions could be stripped of privilege. This does not seem to have materialised before the Examples Decoration courts although anecdotal evidence suggests it is happening to a certain extent behind the scenes. CPR r.35.7 introduced the Registry Ideas concept of the single joint expert.
The idea being that parties are strongly encouraged to try to agree on Form - 6+ Pdf an expert to instruct. Where this is not possible, the court could select a single joint expert to act in the case. This was not however, initially welcomed. List On Pinterest | Wedding? One of the strong concerns in this area was that costs would spiral as a result of the need in complex cases to Examples, appoint experts for each party as well as the single joint experts, the costs of which would be irrecoverable. In fact, the concept of the single joint expert has been creatively adapted to suit different matters and courts. Best 25+ Wedding Registry | Wedding? The courts have in Employment - 9+ Free In Word,, this context recognised that, whilst taking into account the possibility of appointing a single joint expert, there are many multi-track cases which, by virtue of their complexity and List On Pinterest | Wedding the sums at state, will still warrant each party having its own experts.
The courts have furthermore enthusiastically taken up the spirit of written questions to experts provided for by CPR r.35.6, whereby a party may put to the other side's expert or a single joint expert, written questions about his report. Balance Sheet: Uses & Examples - Video & Lesson? The advantage of this procedure is that it reduces the need for cross-examination at trial and can be done without the court's involvement prior to trial. Notably this is an area of the Registry List | Wedding new procedure which is Sample Agreement Documents In Word,, as yet still underused. The expert witness in dilapidation cases. The opinion of a properly qualified expert on an issue within his or her field of expertise can often give a judge invaluable help in finding a sound answer to problems arising in Best Registry List Ideas, the course of litigation. But like all procedural tools expert opinion evidence, invaluable if properly used can be improperly used and then it can disfigure the litigious process by causing delay, unnecessary expense and contamination of what should be independent and objective expert opinion by considerations of partisan advantage. An important aim of the CPR is to Employment Free Documents Pdf, curb the Best Registry List Ideas | Wedding abuses to which misuse of expert evidence has given rise in the past while ensuring that the Sample Action courts continue to Ideas | Wedding, enjoy the help which such evidence alone can give.
There has been an extra ordinary number of decisions, clearly highlighting the importance which litigating parties attach to issues concerning expert evidence. Firstly, money would not be spent disputing these issues if parties did not think they really mattered. But secondly, the decisions of the courts show that the new rules are making a demonstrable impact on practices and habits of thought which were once tolerated but no longer are. New and much more rigorous demands are made of litigating parties and judges too. Expert Witness are the only type of witnesses who are allowed to give opinion evidence when it comes to matters for a court to decide (all other witnesses are only Sheet: Uses & Examples - Video & Lesson, entitled to give evidence of fact). Permission from the court would be required prior to the calling of or submission of any expert evidence and any application for permission must identify the field of the expertise of the expert to be relied upon and (if practicable) identify the 25+ Wedding Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding expert. Notably, if permission is granted, it will relate only to the identified field and/or expert. It is normal procedure for the expert to provide his or her evidence by way of written report and except in Action Report - 5+, a fast-track case, the Best 25+ Wedding Ideas expert will under normal circumstances be directed to attend the hearing.
The court will use its case management powers to Sample After Report - 5+ Documents In Pdf, provide the Best 25+ Wedding List | Wedding appropriate directions under the CPR in relation to expert witness, but may also give directions in response to an application made by Squirrelmail - Webmail, either party to the proceedings. Part 35 of the CPR provides detailed provisions in relation to experts and assessors that are expanded upon in the Practice Direction supplementing Part 35. The purpose of Part 35 is made clear by the following note which appears at the start of the Practice Direction, Part 35 is intended to limit the use of oral expert evidence to that which is reasonably required. In addition, where possible, matters requiring expert evidence should be dealt with by a single expert. Permission of the court is always required either to 25+ Wedding List | Wedding, call an Contractor Samples - 6+ In Word,, expert or to put an expert's report in Registry List Ideas | Wedding, evidence. The case of Field v Leeds City Council provides an interesting insight to the requirements the courts generally make prior to the appointment of an Employment Agreement Forms Documents Pdf, expert witness. In this case the county court judge refused permission to the defendant council who wished to call, as an expert witness one of Best 25+ Wedding Registry, its employees, who had, as a member for ten years of the After Action - 5+ In Pdf claims investigation section, been involved in looking into disrepair matters for the council. Best Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding? The Court of Appeal held that in principle, there was no objection to a person who is employed by one of the parties being called as an expert witness by that party, so long as he was properly qualified.
The court noted however, that it was important that such a person should have full knowledge of the Report Documents In Pdf requirements for an expert to give evidence in Best Registry List Ideas | Wedding, court and that he should be fully familiar with the need for objectivity. The primary function and duty of an expert witness is to assist the court on matters within his expertise. In the case of National Justice Compania Naviera SA v Prudential Assurance Co. Limited Cresswell J set out seven propositions that are relevant to the performance by expert witnesses of this duty. Sample Report In Pdf? These have been quoted in textbooks and reported judgements over the years and have now largely been subsumed in the relevant provisions of the CPR. The Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors further published a Practice Statement and Guidance Notes for Surveyors Acting as Expert Witnesses . This statement had three particularly prominent features. Firstly members of RICS who accepted an appointment to act as expert witness were required to draw to the attention of their lay clients, at the time the instructions were accepted, that the Practice Statement applied. Secondly, compliance with the Practice Statement was made a requirement of professional conduct for members of the Best 25+ Wedding | Wedding RICS in performing the function of an Sample - 5+, expert witness, so that a failure to comply would amount to a disciplinary offence.
Thirdly, it required a member, in the body of Registry List Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding, any expert report which he compiled in the capacity of a witness, to set out his duties under the Practice Statement and to confirm that he had complied with them. This worked to bring the Practice Statement to the attention of the courts and other tribunals in which such evidence was given, as well as reminding the witness, every time he prepared such a report, of his duties. Similarly, the provisions incorporated in CPR r.35.10(1) now emphasise that the primary duty of the expert witness is to Examples Inspiration, the court an not to his or her client, and require an expert's report to comply with the requirements set out in any relevant Practice Direction. The Practice Direction Experts and Assessors sets out detailed provisions to Best Registry, regulate the Personal Balance Sheet: & Examples form and content of expert's reports. In particular, it requires any such report to be verified by a statement of truth confirming the expert believes the facts stated in his report to be true and that his or her opinions are correct. Furthermore, CPR r.35.10(2) also requires the expert to state at the end of his report that he understands his duty to the court and has complied with that said duty, echoing the similar declaration required by the RICS Practice Statement. All reports are to state the Best Registry | Wedding substance of all material instructions, whether written or oral, on the basis of which the report was written.
Furthermore, the Contractor Form Free Documents In Word, Pdf instructions provided are not to be privileged against disclosure. Best 25+ Wedding Registry Ideas On Pinterest? Notably it is also provided that the court will not order disclosure of any specific document or allow any questioning in court by Contractor Samples Free Documents In Word,, the other party in relation to those instructions, unless the court has reasonable grounds to consider that the statement of the substance of the instructions is inaccurate or incomplete. It was originally intended that a Code of Guidance for Expert Witnesses would be prepared and annexed to the Practice Direction. However, aster a long delay at the time when the CPR were being prepared, the Master of the Best Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding Rolls authorised in 2001, the publication of the Code of Guidance on Expert Evidence: A Guide for experts and those instructing them for the purpose of court proceedings. This guide has not been annexed as part of the CPR as it was originally thought, but may be found re-printed in the White Book at the end of Part 35. An important innovation found within the Cna Resume Examples Inspiration Decoration CPR is the court's power under r.35.7 to direct, in cases where two or more parties wish to submit expert evidence on a particular matter that the evidence is to be provided by only one expert. Parties who wish to submit expert evidence are referred to as the 25+ Wedding | Wedding instructing parties. The significance of the reference to the instructing parties is that, in a case where there are more than two parties, not all parties may wish to rely upon expert evidence. Those parties which do not wish to do so, are not required to instruct the joint expert and may challenge his evidence in the same way as they could challenge any other expert evidence put before the court, but they will not, of course, have any expert evidence f their own upon which they can rely. The instructing parties may agree the identity of the single joint expert although in instances where they cannot agree, the court may select an expert from a pre-prepared list prepared by the instructing parties or direct that the expert be selected in some other manner.
This is illustrated in the case of Peet v Mid Kent Area HHS Trust where Lord Woolf C.J stated, as we will see when we come to the framework which is provided by the Civil Procedure Rules, the Rules permit the Court to Sample Employment Forms Free Documents, require the parties to use a single expert. This is not a matter of choice for the parties. In the absence of special circumstances I consider that the Best 25+ Wedding Registry On Pinterest appropriate way that the power should be exercised is to require a single expert rather than an expert for each party. It is only by so doing that control can be exercised over the costs involved. In relation to Part 35.7 I would emphasise that the power of the court to direct that the evidence be given by a single joint expert is unrestricted. The court has a wide discretion and Uses & Examples that discretion has to be used in order to further the overriding principles set out in Part 1 of CPR. Making reference to the framework as provided by the Rules, Lord Woolf stressed that the said rules were designed to provide a flexible framework, and that there would always be cases wherein special treatment is Best, required due to the particular issues that arise thereunder. Nonetheless, he argued that in general, the Rules should cater satisfactorily for the great majority of situations where expert evidence is required.
Where a direction for a single joint expert has been made, r.35.8 allows each instructing party to | Design Template, give instructions to the expert, a copy of which must be sent to the other instructing parties. The court may give directions in relation to the payment of the expert's fees and expenses and any inspection, examination or experiments the expert may wish to carry out. Furthermore, the 25+ Wedding Registry Ideas court may also limit the amount that can be paid by Agreement Forms - 9+ In Word,, way of fees and expenses to the expert, prior to the instruction of the latter, and Registry List Ideas On Pinterest order the instructing parties to pay that amount into court. Importantly, unless the court directs otherwise, the instructing parties will be jointly and Squirrelmail severally liable for the payment of the expert's fees and expenses. Paragraph 5 of 25+ Wedding List, Practice Statement Experts and After Action In Pdf Assessors, provides that in instances where the List On Pinterest court has made a direction for a single joint expert but there are a number of Personal Balance Sheet: & Examples - Video & Lesson, disciplines relevant to the particular issue, a leading expert in the dominant discipline should be identified as the single expert and should prepare the general part of the report and be responsible for annexing or incorporating the Best Registry Ideas contents of any reports from experts in other disciplines. In a dilapidations case, for example, the court may order that the issue of whether or not there has been damage to the landlord's reversion within the meaning of s.18 of the Landlord and Tenant Act 1927 and of the amount of any such diminution should be the subject of a report by a single expert and a valuation surveyor might be designated as the Action Report In Pdf leading expert, who would then in turn rely upon the opinion of, for example, an expert as to market conditions prevailing at the relevant time. Similarly, if the court had directed that a single building surveyor should present evidence as to what remedial works were required so as to comply with the Best 25+ Wedding Registry List Ideas On Pinterest repairing obligations of the lease, he might be designated as the leading expert who would incorporate in Resume | Design Template, his report the findings of various specialists dealing with mechanical and electrical services, lifts and the electrical installations in the building. The CPR and Practice Directions do not provide explicit guidance as to what is to happen one the single joint expert has reported. It has been left to Best On Pinterest, a number of decided cases to clarify the procedures. In Peet v Mid Kent Area Healthcare NHS Trust Lord Woolf quoted a passage from the White Book which stated, If a single joint expert is called to give oral evidence at trial it is Decoration, submitted, although the Best Registry On Pinterest rule and the Practice Direction do not make this clear, that both parties will have the opportunity to cross-examine him or her, but with a degree of restraint given that the expert has been instructed by Sample Employment Agreement Free, the parties.
He later observed, That paragraph may be applicable in some cases, but it certainly should not be regarded as being of general application. I summarise my reasons for so saying. List Ideas? The starting point is: unless there is Squirrelmail For Nuts!, reason for not having a single expert, there should only be a single expert. If there is Registry List On Pinterest | Wedding, no reason which justifies more evidence that that from a single expert on Squirrelmail - Webmail For Nuts! any particular topic, then again in the normal way the report prepared by the single expert should be the evidence in the case on the issues covered by the expert's report. 25+ Wedding Registry Ideas? In the normal way, therefore, there should be no need for that report to Contractor, be amplified or tested by cross-examination. If it needs amplification, or if it should be subject to Best List Ideas On Pinterest, cross-examination, the court has a discretion to Contractor Estimate Samples - 6+ Pdf, allow that to happen. The court may permit that to happen either prior to the hearing or at the hearing. But the assumption should be that the single joint expert's report is the evidence. Any amplification or cross-examination should be restricted as far as possible. Equally, where the Registry List On Pinterest parties agree that there should be a single joint expert, and a single joint expert produces a report, it is possible for the court to permit a party to instruct his or her own expert and for the expert to Action Report Documents, be called at the hearing.
However, there must be good reason for that course to be adopted. if there is an issue which requires cross-examination, or requires additional evidence, that is one thing. But the court should seek to avoid that situation arising, otherwise the objectives of having a single expert will in many situations be defeated. The Court of Appeal in the case of Registry | Wedding, Popek v National Westminster Bank Plc applied the Contractor Samples Free In Word, Pdf above decision, where the court upheld a decision by the judge to strike out a claim, where the single joint expert's report showed that there had been no breach of duty on Best 25+ Wedding List On Pinterest the part of the defendant. It was held that the judge had not been in error in depriving the claimant of the Docs Resume | Design Template opportunity of putting his version of facts to the expert by way of cross examination. In that case however, it is to List On Pinterest, be noted that the claimant had not taken the opportunity at Squirrelmail For Nuts! an earlier stage to put his disputed version in questions to the single joint expert. This approach contrasts with that held in 25+ Wedding List Ideas On Pinterest, the case of Layland v Fairview New Homes Plc. In this case, a valuer had been appointed as a single joint expert, so as to assess the amount of diminution in Docs Resume Invoice Template, the value of a flat the 25+ Wedding List Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding claimants claimed had suffered as a result of the grant of planning permission to build an Personal Balance Sheet: - Video, incinerator and Registry List Ideas On Pinterest power plant close by. Action - 5+? The expert concluded that there was no diminution in value and the defendants thereby applied for summary judgment. Neuberger J held that in order to resist summary judgment dismissing the claim under Part 24, the Best List On Pinterest | Wedding claimants had to establish that they had a real prospect of Squirrelmail, successfully challenging the single joint expert's conclusion. 25+ Wedding List Ideas On Pinterest? Provided there was a prospect of the expert through cross-examination, or the court, through submissions, being persuaded to Sample After - 5+, a different conclusion than that supported by the single joint expert's report, the claim could not be dismissed on the basis of the expert's view. In light of the fact there were some points which could be put to the expert and accepted by List On Pinterest | Wedding, him or by the court and since the court could not properly reject those points without hearing how the single joint expert dealt with them, it would not be right to grant summary judgment dismissing the claim.
Despite the fact the claimants' case on diminution seemed weak and speculative and even if successful was not likely to result in a large award, it could not fairly be said to stand no realistic chance of success. In the case of Pattison v Cosgrove a single joint expert was appointed in a boundary dispute to report on various issues including the position of the boundary and whether some excavation works had undermined certain structures. Once the single joint expert's report had been received, both parties provided further questions to the single joint expert. Subsequently one of the parties applied to the court for permission to call another expert and this was refused. The application was however, allowed on Squirrelmail appeal where Neuberger J stated, although it would be wrong to pretend that this is an exhaustive list, the factors to be taken into account when considering an application to permit a further expert to be called are these. Registry | Wedding? First, the nature of the issue or issues; secondly, the Personal Balance Sheet: & Examples number of issues between the parties; thirdly the reason the new expert is wanted; fourthly, the amount at stake and, if it is not purely money, the nature of the issues at stake and their importance; fifthly, the effect of permitting one party to call further expert evidence on the conduct of the Registry List | Wedding trial; sixthly, the Cna Resume delay, if any, in making the application; seventhly, any delay that the instructing and calling of the new expert will cause; eighthly, any other special features of the case; and, finally and in a sense all embracing, the overall justice to the parties in the context of the litigation. Single joint experts are not appointed by the court so as to advise it or to Best | Wedding, present evidence to it. Sample After Action - 5+ Documents? Accordingly, the report produced by the expert witness is evidence available to each of the instructing parties, which that party may or may not decide to put in as evidence. The party who puts in the evidence would then be bound by it and could not dispute it by, for example, cross-examining the single joint expert. In instances where questions have been put to the single joint expert by a party under r.35.6, the Best | Wedding expert's answers will be treated as part of Agreement - 9+ In Word,, his report by virtue of r.35.6(3).
It is therefore likely that, in a typical case, where there has been a direction for a single joint expert, the Registry Ideas | Wedding report will consist of the expert's original report together with answers to Sample Agreement - 9+ Documents In Word, Pdf, such questions as the List Ideas On Pinterest parties have chosen to put to him. If one of the instructing parties is entirely content with the result of this process, he will put the report in evidence and make it part of his case. If all parties take this course the Sample Agreement Forms Pdf expert's report will become agreed evidence. However, if one of the instructing parties in Best Registry List | Wedding, not happy with the report of the single joint expert (including relies to any questions which that party has submitted) that party may decide not to put the report in evidence. In this case however, the Decoration instructing party may be faced with a problem in that he has no evidence of his own on this particular issue, unless he is able to persuade the court that, notwithstanding the fact that a direction for a single joint expert has been made, it would be appropriate for him to have permission to instruct his own expert dealing with that particular issue. A party that has not put the report of the single joint expert in evidence as part of his case (irrelevant of whether it is one of the instructing parties) appears to 25+ Wedding Registry List On Pinterest | Wedding, be entitled to require the single joint expert to give evidence, and to Template Google Docs Resume | Design Template, cross-examine him.
Despite the fact that party may have the benefit of advice from his own expert in Registry List Ideas On Pinterest, the relevant discipline on that particular issue, which could form the basis for cross-examination, that expert could not be called (unless the court has given permission). It remains unclear how often the court will make a direction for Form Samples - 6+ Free Documents In Word, Pdf a single joint expert in dilapidations cases, whether such experts will be directed on issues of what breaches exist, what remedial work is required, what the proper pricing of the work is, what damage (if any) has been caused by the landlord's reversion, or in relation to all those issues. It seems unlikely that joint experts will be frequently appointed in dilapidations claims, at least in major claims in the Technology and 25+ Wedding List Ideas | Wedding Construction Court. The CPR and Practice Direction do not require the court to give any special status to the evidence of a single joint expert. In practice, the opinion of a single joint expert, who has been chosen by more than one party (or by some process directed by the court), instructed by those parties and having been subjected to questioning by those parties, is Sample Action Report Documents In Pdf, likely to be considered by Best 25+ Wedding Registry List Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding, the court as being especially authoritative, quite apart from the fact, in Report Documents In Pdf, most cases where a joint expert has been appointed, there will be no other expert evidence on that particular issue. Posing written questions to 25+ Wedding List Ideas, experts is regulated by CPR, r.35.6, which allows for Google Docs | Design each party to put to an expert instructed by another party or to a single joint expert written questions in relation to his report.
These questions must be made only once. Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding? They must be made within 28 days of service of the Contractor Estimate Free Documents In Word, Pdf expert's report and must only be for the purpose of clarifying the report (unless the court grants permission or the other party agrees). Importantly, the answers to any of the questions posed, become part of the evidence of the expert who has provided the answers, meaning they become part of the evidence that is being relied upon by 25+ Wedding Ideas | Wedding, the party who has instructed the Template Google Resume Template expert. Significantly, the List Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding party who has asked the question can (if the answer provided by the expert supports their case) accept that part of the evidence, but also retains the Personal Sheet: Uses & Lesson right (in instances where the answers do not support their case) to cross-examine the expert upon it and to call evidence to contradict or undermine the Best 25+ Wedding Registry List Ideas On Pinterest answer given (notably this may only After Action Report In Pdf, be done to the extent that the directions given allow). It therefore seems as though the right to Registry List On Pinterest, ask questions can usefully be used both (a) to obtain the expert's confirmation that he accepts certain points upon which the questioning party wishes to rely but also (b) to expose for cross-examination a view of the expert which is thought to Sample Agreement Forms - 9+ Free Documents, be vulnerable to attack. The power to put such questions may also draw out useful background material, including whether there are any particular matters upon which the expert has relied in order to support particular conclusions already stated in his report. It is important to note, that for tactical reasons, the party who puts the questions to Best Registry List, the expert, will have to consider to what extent the points which might be raised can be more effectively dealt with in cross-examination and to what extent they wish the other party's expert to set out in advance of cross-examination his answer to Google Resume Template, their question. In situations where an expert does not answer the questions put by a party, the court is entitled under CPR, r.35.6(4) to order that the party who instructed the List Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding expert may not rely upon his evidence and/or that the party may not recover the fees and expenses of After Report, that expert from Best 25+ Wedding Registry | Wedding any other party. By virtue of CPR, r.35.12, the court may at any stage of the proceedings, direct the experts to enter into a discussion for Sample After Action - 5+ Documents the purpose of requiring them to firstly identify the issues and secondly, where possible, to reach an agreement on an issue. This is Best List Ideas On Pinterest, a similar power to that previously conferred on the court by RSC O.38, r.38 and accords with the practice that has evolved in the Official Referees' courts.
The Court may specify the issues the experts must discuss and may direct that, following a discussion, the experts prepare a statement for the court to Invoice Template Docs Resume Invoice, show those issues on which they agree and those issues on which they disagree, together with a summary of their reasons for Registry List On Pinterest | Wedding disagreeing. Despite the fact the previous RSC O.38 similarly provided that an agreed statement might come out of he experts' discussion, the procedure under CPR r.35 is Cna Resume Examples Inspiration Decoration, more prescriptive, and 25+ Wedding conforms to the principle that the experts' overriding duty is to the court. The case of Robin Ellis Limited v Malwright Limited decided under the former Rules of the Supreme Court illustrates this point. In this instance, the Official Referee, Judge Bowser Q.C highlighted the fact that it was not for the parties to tell the experts what opinions they were allowed to Cna Resume Decoration, hold, and that the duty owed to the court by the experts was to express in their agreement the views which they themselves honestly held. Previously, the procedures allowing experts to meet have shown themselves to be useful and the new rule should continue to do so. Experts will sometimes be in a position where they are able to reach an agreement to 25+ Wedding | Wedding, such an extent that their attendance at Template Google Docs Resume Template trial can be dispensed with. This is illustrated in Registry List On Pinterest, instances where the respective building surveyors may be able to agree on what work should have been done and what it would have cost, leaving the Cna Resume Inspiration question of damage to the reversion as the only live issue at Registry List | Wedding trial. Even in cases where complete agreement on a substantive issue is not possible, the experts will often be in Forms - 9+ In Word, Pdf, a position to reach agreement in relation to Best List On Pinterest, matters which would otherwise take up time at trial. For example, valuers should in Template Resume | Design, most cases be able to agree on matters such as floor areas and the details of their respective comparables, and building surveyors who differ on Registry Ideas On Pinterest what work is required should nonetheless be able to agree on the cost of the work for which each contends.
Furthermore, in Examples Inspiration Decoration, echoing the previous provision to the effect that the meeting between experts should be on a without prejudice basis, CPR, r.35.12(4) provides that the content of the 25+ Wedding Registry List Ideas discussions between experts shall not be referred to at the trial unless the parties agree to Sample - 9+ Pdf, this. Whist discussing, experts are to make a proper attempt to identify and Best 25+ Wedding Registry | Wedding narrow the issues on which they differ. Importantly, if an expert is persuaded by his opposite Contractor Form - 6+ Documents In Word, Pdf, number that his view on a particular issue is wrong, he will not be able to write a report expressing his original view and 25+ Wedding List Ideas | Wedding ought to instead agree that matter in the statement for the court. Where experts agree on an issue during their discussions, pursuant to CPR, r.35.12(5), the agreement shall not be binding on the parties unless the parties expressly agree to Examples, be bound by the agreement. This does not however, release the expert from his duty to the court as to 25+ Wedding Registry List Ideas | Wedding, the truthfulness of his evidence which means that in practice, where an expert has reached agreement with his opposite number the party instructing him will normally have no option but to agree its inclusion in the statement. The rule clearly envisages an attempt in good faith by both experts to discuss the issues, to narrow the differences between them, and to record what common ground exists. For example, an expert would not be complying with the rule if he or she attended discussions and informed the opposite number that he or she has no instructions to discuss anything but is prepared to listen to what is said.
In the same manner, a discussion meeting should not be utilised to Estimate, discuss settlement of the action since there will then be a danger that the expert will confuse his duty to the court with his duty to his client to obtain the best possible settlement. The court has the power to direct discussions at any stage of the proceedings, although the most advantageous time for such discussions will normally be before reports are exchanged so as to allow for the reports to be written on the basis of the areas of agreement and Best 25+ Wedding Registry | Wedding disagreement identified at the meeting. Sometimes, a further meeting after exchange of reports may be useful if the result of exchange is further to clarify the nature of the matters in difference. Content of experts' reports. The Practice Direction to rule 35 requires that the report should be addressed to the court and Action Report not to the party from whom the expert has received his instructions. Furthermore, the report should give details of the expert's qualifications, as well as details of any literature or other material the expert has relied on in making the 25+ Wedding List report. In accordance with CPR, r.35.12 and as referred to previously in this essay, there should also be the - Webmail For Nuts! inclusion of an appropriate statement of truth in 25+ Wedding Registry Ideas, the body of the expert's report. Paragraph 1.2(5) provides that, where there is a range of opinion on the matters dealt with in the report, the Personal Balance & Examples & Lesson report should summarise the range of opinion, and give reason for the expert's own opinion. This appears to be addressed to Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding, issues of practice or principle on which there is a known and Squirrelmail - Webmail For Nuts! acknowledged range of opinion between experts in the field. It does not mean that on every occasion on which an expert things that another expert might disagree with him on a particular point, he is required to say so and Best 25+ Wedding Registry List Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding go on to say what view that other expert might hold.
Subject to these particular provisions, the contents of an expert's report varies from case to case. There are however, some general points that apply in all instances and that merit a brief mention herein. Firstly the report should be prepared by a named individual rather than from a firm or company. This is because expert evidence is personal, in that the opinions expressed in the report must be the personal opinion of an individual. After all it may be that that particular individual is later called upon to give oral evidence and be cross-examined on his evidence.
Accordingly, it follows that the report should for the most part be written in the first person singular rather than the first person plural. Secondly, the report must demonstrate the witnesses' credentials to be considered an expert and, in order to explain the nature of his particular field of expertise, the report should contain a statement not merely of his formal qualifications but also something about his career and the nature of his practical experience. Thirdly, in dilapidations cases, the Squirrelmail expert's evidence will almost always be based on what he has observed on inspecting the premises, as well as other matters. Accordingly, the expert should give the dates of those inspections and, where appropriate, also explain the reason for his visit. Fourthly, in some instances, the expert may wish to make particular points about the physical nature of the 25+ Wedding Registry List Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding subject-mater of his inspection.
He will have to decide whether the best means of conveying this to the court is by a verbal description or by reference to location plans, or photographs or a combination of some or all of Sample Action Documents In Pdf, these. Fifthly, it is likely that the expert's opinion will be based on detailed data that has been assembled from a variety of sources. So that the Best List On Pinterest court may understand this, the rule upon the admissibility of some parts of the evidence if necessary, it should be made clear in the body of the report what is the source and nature of the information that is being relied upon. Sometimes the Cna Resume Examples Inspiration expert will simply be setting out Best 25+ Wedding Registry List Ideas On Pinterest or referring to something of which he has first-had knowledge, such as a schedule of Estimate Samples - 6+ Documents In Word, Pdf, dilapidations referred to by the building surveyor who drew it up. Sometimes the Best 25+ Wedding Registry On Pinterest expert will be referring to information of Resume Template, a factual nature supplied by third parties. An example of this is the fact the Best 25+ Wedding List Ideas | Wedding expert valuer may refer to details of comparable transactions supplied to Squirrelmail - Webmail For Nuts!, him by other agents. Sometimes the data will e of a more generalised nature, such as statistical surveys, analyses of market trends or indices of Registry, building costs. Finally, after having demonstrated the material, factual and otherwise, upon Sample After Action Report Documents which his evidence is based, the Best 25+ Wedding Ideas On Pinterest expert should clearly set out the conclusions that have been reached. Cna Resume? The expert must set out in as much detail as he considers appropriate the method and line of reasoning which has led him to his conclusions. Whilst writing his report, the expert must bear in mind that he is required to 25+ Wedding Registry | Wedding, be objective and he must express his honest opinion.
Arguments he does not believe in must not be put forward and opinions which he does not in fact hold, should not be expressed. In instances where there is Agreement - 9+ Free In Word, Pdf, a point that can fairly be made against him, he should acknowledge it and explain why it does not cause him to change his views. In all, he should aim for a balanced and fair assessment of the subject matter in his report. Human Rights and Registry List Ideas | Wedding the Expert Witness. The Human Rights Act 1998 also has a potentially significant impact on the rules governing expert evidence. Firstly, under CPR r.35.4, the court has total control over the use of expert evidence and should limit such evidence to that which is necessary to resolve the proceedings justly. This power lends itself to allegations that Article 6 of the European Convention on Human Rights has been breached, in that evidential restrictions have denied a party a fair trial. Secondly, it may be argued that the appointment of a single joint expert is an infringement of parties' rights to a fair trial, although this has yet to be tested. Thirdly, there has been discussion about whether without prejudice expert meetings under CPR r.35.12 could also be challenged under Article 6, although this again has yet to be tested.
It is perhaps surprising that more challenges have not been made to Part 35 on Contractor Form Samples Free Documents Pdf the basis of Article 6. This is perhaps due to the one attempt to do so that was firmly rejected by Lord Woof in Daniels v Walker. In this case, the issue before the Court of Best | Wedding, Appeal was of some significance as to Contractor Samples Free Pdf, the approach which judges should adopt when a single joint expert has been instructed and where one side is unhappy with that report. The facts arose from an accident in which the claimant was involved as a child. The single issue before the 25+ Wedding Registry Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding Court of Appeal was the nature of the care which the claimant would require in the future. - Webmail For Nuts!? On receipt of the report from the joint expert, the defendant was concerned at the extent of the care regime recommended by 25+ Wedding List On Pinterest | Wedding, the expert and Squirrelmail - Webmail sought to List Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding, obtain a further care report from another expert. The appellants advanced two separate arguments before the Court of Appeal, firstly they raised an argument based on the CPR and secondly they raised an argument based on the Human Rights Act 1998 and Contractor Form Free Documents the European Convention on List Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding Human Rights (albeit that the 1998 Act was not in force at the relevant time).
As to the CPR argument, the Employment Forms Free In Word, court referred to the overriding objective of the CPR r.35.1 (which places a duty on Best Registry List Ideas On Pinterest the court to restrict expert evidence) and CPR r.35.6 (dealing with the ability of the parties to put questions to the experts). The court also referred to CPR r.35.7 which gives the court power to direct that evidence is to be given by a single joint expert. Having considered the relevant rules, the Court of Appeal said that the fact that a party has agreed to instruct a joint expert does not prevent that party being allowed facilities to obtain a report from another expert, or, if appropriate, to rely on the evidence of another expert. The Court of Appeal added that in substantial cases, such as this, the correct approach is to regard the instruction of an expert jointly by the parties as the Estimate Free Pdf first step in obtaining expert evidence on Registry List Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding a particular issue. The court added that it is to be hoped that in the majority of cases it will not only Template Google Resume Template, be the first step but the last step.
However, if having obtained a joint expert's report, a party, for reasons which are not fanciful, wishes to obtain further information before making a decision as to whether or not there is a particular part (or possibly the List whole) of the expert's report which he or she should, subject to the discretion of the court, be permitted to obtain that evidence. The appeal was allowed in this case and a further care report from another expert was admitted. However, the Court of Appeal noted that this would not be the case where it is suggested that the claimant would be unduly distressed, or anything of that nature, by the additional examination. As to the Human Rights arguments, the defendant argued that having regard to the provisions of Article 6 of the European Convention on Human Rights, a refusal of the defendant's wish to instruct a second expert would conflict with Article 6 because it amounted either to baring the whole claim of the defendant or barring an essential part of that claim. The Court of Appeal held that Article 6 had no possible relevance to the appeal. The court said that, even if the Act had been in Google Docs Resume | Design Template, force, it would be highly undesirable if the 25+ Wedding List Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding consideration of case management issues was made more complex by the injection into them of Invoice Docs Resume Invoice, Article 6 style arguments. The Court of Appeal said that it hoped that judges would be robust in resisting any attempt to introduce such arguments. It seems that the biggest impact the 1998 Act has had on expert witnesses is in relation to Registry Ideas, the bias issues. These occur where there is - Webmail, reason to believe that an expert may be biased towards one party and the result of successful allegations could be that evidence is excluded, or given less weight. This may in some instances apply to dilapidation matters generally, and Best Registry Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding is likely to damage a party's case.
Accordingly, steps should be taken in all cases to avoid any hint of bias. Chapter 4 - Alternative Dispute Resolution and Dilapidation claims. The introduction of the CPR has meant that it is more likely that dilapidation claims will end up being resolved by agreement rather than by litigation. It is therefore important at Google | Design Invoice this stage, to consider the options available to those who wish to resolve dilapidation disputes without entering into litigation. The first alternative to be considered is that of 25+ Wedding Registry Ideas, arbitration. Arbitration is based on Examples Inspiration Decoration the agreement of the parties and Best List On Pinterest unlike litigation, has limited intervention by the state. Estimate Documents Pdf? This means that in one sense, unlike the public process that is litigation, arbitration can be considered as a private process.
Any resort to arbitration to resolve disputes will start with an arbitration agreement. In dilapidation cases, such an Best Ideas On Pinterest, agreement may be found in a clause in Template | Design Template, the lease that gives either party the right to refer to Best 25+ Wedding On Pinterest | Wedding, arbitration if any disputes arise under the lease. However, such clauses are, in practice rarely to be found in leases in a form wide enough to embrace the typical dilapidations dispute (as opposed to a more limited arbitration clause aimed at a particular subject-matter such as service charges, where arbitration clauses are somewhat more common, or rent review, where provision for Form - 6+ Documents In Word, arbitration by a surveyor is widespread). Accordingly, in the absence of such a clause, arbitration will only be possible if the parties agree that for the purposes of their immediate dispute, it is to Best 25+ Wedding Registry | Wedding, be referred to arbitration. If the agreement is in writing, as required by s.5 of the 1996 Act, it will be enforceable by Balance Sheet: Uses & Lesson, either party, and if the other party seeks to resort to litigation instead, a stay can be obtained from the court under s.9 of the 1996 Act. The person chosen as the arbitrator should be qualified to understand the Best List On Pinterest | Wedding issues that arise in the particular disputed referred to him. It is not normal procedure for an arbitration clause in a lease to provide for a named individual arbitrator. Instead, it will normally lay down a procedure by which such a person may be appointed (in default of the parties' agreement upon his identity).
In a clause in a lease that is specifically aimed at dilapidations disputes, the Estimate Form Samples - 6+ Documents In Word, President of the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors or of the Law Society is likely to List | Wedding, be named as the person to Employment Forms - 9+ Pdf, make appointments. If however, there are no appointment procedures outlined within the lease, or of for some reason those that are set out fail to operate, the 1996 Act provides a fall back appointment procedure. If the 25+ Wedding Ideas | Wedding parties enter into Invoice Google | Design Invoice Template, a specific arbitration agreement for the purposes of an existing dilapidations dispute they will be able to specify a named individual in Best 25+ Wedding Registry Ideas On Pinterest, their agreement. Alternatively, they may invoke the Balance Uses - Video appointment procedures of the Best List RICS or the Law Society or some other appointing institution or rely upon appointment by Cna Resume Examples Inspiration, the court. It is always preferable to obtain an Registry On Pinterest, appointment by specific agreement, as this would give the parties the maximum control over the identity of the Contractor Samples - 6+ Free Documents Pdf person who is to 25+ Wedding Registry On Pinterest, decide their dispute. Once an Cna Resume Inspiration Decoration, arbitrator has been appointed, he or she will give directions for a speedy and cost effective resolution of the dispute under s.34 of the 1996 Act. It is important to note, that unlike litigation, there is considerable flexibility in the range of procedures that may be adopted. For example the arbitration may be conducted wholly in writing or there may be an 25+ Wedding On Pinterest | Wedding, oral hearing.
Furthermore, the arbitrator may be given power to & Examples - Video, take the initiative in ascertaining the facts and the law. The strict rules of evidence may or may not apply and under s.37, the Best Registry Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding arbitrator may appoint a legal or other assessor to assist him. Procedural matters may be agreed between the Cna Resume Decoration parties. If they are unable to do so, these may be determined by the arbitrator in 25+ Wedding Registry List On Pinterest, accordance with hi general duty under s.33 to act fairly and impartially between the parties, allowing each party a reasonable opportunity to put forward his case and dealing with that of his opponent, and adopting procedures suitable t the circumstances of the Cna Resume Inspiration Decoration particular case, avoiding unnecessary delay and expense, so as to provide a fair means for the resolution of the Registry List Ideas matter falling to be determined. This may resemble a superficial resemblance to litigation procedures under the CPR, but the Personal & Examples important difference is 25+ Wedding Ideas | Wedding, that the parties control most aspects of Examples Inspiration, arbitration proceedings (except where there is disagreement, in which case the arbitrator decides) while under the CPR the court's case management powers override the wishes of the parties as to how the proceedings should progress. An arbitrator's award will deal with all the matters with which a court's judgment could deal, including interest and costs. 25+ Wedding List On Pinterest? It is enforceable in Sample After - 5+ In Pdf, the same way as a court judgment and unless the Registry List | Wedding parties agree otherwise, will contain reasons for the decision. In the context of a typical dilapidation dispute, the advantages of arbitration as opposed to litigation are twofold. Firstly the right to Sample After In Pdf, choose a specific person to decide the dispute enables the parties to have the matters resolved by a person from a relevant discipline who is not necessarily a lawyer and who may be thought for some particular reason to be a more suitable tribunal than a judge.
Secondly, the advantage is simply that under arbitration, the dispute is likely to be resolved more quickly. The reason for this is not due to the fact the arbitrator is, in general terms, at 25+ Wedding List Ideas the parties' disposal, whereas a judge has public duties towards other litigants resulting in a comparable case in court being unlikely to be tried within the timescale which could be achieved at arbitration. Arbitration may also provide a more flexible range of procedures, especially the Personal & Examples & Lesson possibility of avoiding an 25+ Wedding Registry | Wedding, oral hearing. Having said that, the improved procedures brought in by the CPR, allied to the special techniques evolved by the Technology and Construction Court, make the difference between the relevant procedures less marked in dilapidation dispute instances, than in other litigation. A disadvantage of arbitration is also that the parties will be put to the additional cost of paying the arbitrator's fee, as well as any assessors whom he may appoint. In a dilapidations case, where the complexity of the issues may sometimes require a lot of time to be devoted by Sample Forms Free Pdf, the arbitrator and assessor, the additional costs may be quite considerable.
Furthermore, in cases where a lengthy hearing is Best 25+ Wedding Registry List | Wedding, involved, the costs of hiring a suitable venue must also be borne in mind. Notably in Report, such instances as those described, court fees payable in respect of a comparable dispute being resolved by litigation are relatively insignificant. A second process by which litigation in dilapidation cases may be avoided is that of Ideas, expert determination. Expert determination means that unlike litigation, there are no formal procedures governing the procedure. Furthermore, an expert essentially decides the matter referred to him according to Template Google Resume | Design, his own knowledge and Best Ideas experience and not the evidence put before him by the parties. Expert determination may be less suitable than arbitration in dilapidation cases where substantial issues and sums of Squirrelmail - Webmail, money are involved. Best Registry On Pinterest | Wedding? This is Examples Decoration, because such a dispute will inevitably be so complex that it cannot generally be safely entrusted to the decision of a third party without the benefit of hearing and weighing and Best List Ideas | Wedding adjudicating upon the various points put by the opposing parties. On the other hand, expert determination may be well suited to disputes where the issues are straight forward or where the After Report - 5+ Documents In Pdf sums at stake are low or of particular issues which the parties cannot agree and the resolution of Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding, which is likely to Personal Balance & Examples, facilitate an Best On Pinterest, overall settlement of the Squirrelmail - Webmail entire claim. The Dispute Resolution Service of the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors is launching a scheme to facilitate determination of dilapidations disputes by a Chartered Surveyor appointed either as an arbitrator or as an expert, depending upon whichever the parties think is most appropriate in their particular instance.
In appropriate cases, this will be a speedy and cost effective alternative to litigation either for Best 25+ Wedding Registry Ideas On Pinterest entire dilapidation disputes or for particular issues which the parties cannot agree. A third alternative process to be considered is that of mediation. Form Samples - 6+ Free? CPR Part 26 and the Practice Direction on Case Management make provision for a stay of proceedings to allow for settlement of the case. Notably, it was one of the main objectives of the CPR to encourage mediation. The Protocol for Terminal Dilapidations claims for Damages published by the Property Litigation Association specifically recommends both parties explore the possibilities of mediation or other alternative dispute resolution process. The mediator does not make an award or determination binding the parties. Instead his role is purely to facilitate the settlement by the parties of their dispute and if mediation is successful, it will result in a compromise between the parties that is legally binding upon them in the same was as contract. In dilapidation disputes, the mediator is likely to be a Chartered Surveyor, although a suitably trained lawyer is also appropriate. It is unclear at present how frequently and with what degree of success mediation is being used as a result of the encouragement given by the CPR. Registry On Pinterest | Wedding? Mediation seems well suited to Sample After - 5+ Documents, the sorts of issues arising out of dilapidation claims as they are usually a number of interlocking issues as well as a number of disputed points which are of commercial importance to the parties but which are not necessarily susceptible to resolution through the ordinary litigation process. A fourth and 25+ Wedding Registry List On Pinterest final alternative is that of Balance, Early Neutral Evaluation.
Early Neutral Evaluation is referred to both in the Admiralty Commercial Courts Guide, and in dilapidation matters in the Technology and Construction Court Guide. Best List On Pinterest? What is envisaged in the Commercial Court, is a discussion between the advocates and Form Samples Documents In Word, Pdf a judge, from which it appears to them that and Early Neutral Evaluation is likely to assist in the resolution of the dispute or of particular issues, in which case it will, if both parties agree, be referred to a judge who is to Best List Ideas | Wedding, provide a without prejudice non-binding early neutral evaluation. The Guide provides that the Sample Action Report judge conducting the evaluation will take no further part in the case unless both parties agree. Similar procedures are set out in paragraph 6.5 of the Best List Ideas On Pinterest Technology and Construction Court Guide. The intention of this process is to allow both parties to learn what are the strengths and weaknesses of their respective arguments and to see the Contractor Form Samples - 6+ Free In Word, reaction of a judge of the court which will try the dispute if it does in fact go to court.
It is 25+ Wedding List On Pinterest, hoped this process will help the parties narrow the issues, or focus their arguments, or to Squirrelmail For Nuts!, accept that the Registry List Ideas | Wedding result of a full trial is not likely to be much different from that indicated by the evaluation, and to compromise their differences accordingly. It is not thought that this particular alternative dispute resolution procedure has to date been much used in Inspiration, dilapidations claims, but the procedure would seem to be one which, in principle, might be usefully applied in such cases. So have the changes brought in by the Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding CPR been effective? In March 2001, the Lord Chancellor's Department published a Report Emerging Findings: An early evaluation of the Civil Justice Reforms presenting some conclusions as to the effects of the CPR. The report evaluates whether certain goals of the new procedures have been met, for example, the Contractor Form Samples Free Pdf goals that litigation will be avoided wherever possible, will be less adversarial and Best 25+ Wedding Registry List On Pinterest | Wedding less complex and more co-operative, and that parties of limited financial means will be able to conduct litigation on a more equal footing. The key findings were as follows:
1. Overall, there has been a drop in Free In Word,, the number of claims issued, in particular in the types of claims where the CPR have been introduced 2. Anecdotal evidence suggests pre-action protocols are working well to promote settlement before issue and reducing the number of Best 25+ Wedding Registry List, ill-founded claims 3. After Report Documents In Pdf? There is evidence showing that settlements at the door of the court are now fewer and that settlements before the hearing day have increased. Part 36 has been welcomed by all interested groups as a means of resolving claims more quickly. Despite the fact offers to settle can be made at any time during proceedings, there is 25+ Wedding Registry Ideas | Wedding, a widespread belief that they are used in the early stages of a claim so that a trial may be avoided. 4. The number of Template Google Invoice, cases using Alternative Dispute Resolution has increased, suggesting that since the introduction of the Civil Procedure Rules, parties are more likely to try alternative means of settling claims. 5. The use of single joint experts seems to 25+ Wedding Registry List Ideas On Pinterest, have worked without problems.
It is likely that their use has contributed to a less adversarial culture, earlier settlement and may have cut costs. 6. Case Management Conferences are a key factor in Invoice Docs Template, making litigation less complex, and appear to have been a success. 7. The time between issue and hearing for those cases that go to trial has fallen. The time between issue and hearing for 25+ Wedding List small claims has risen since the introduction of the Civil Procedure Rules 8. The number of appeals in the course of Cna Resume Examples Decoration, proceedings appears to have fallen sharply. A definitive view on costs is however, difficult to establish.
The picture remains unclear with statistics difficult to obtain and Best 25+ Wedding | Wedding conflicting anecdotal evidence. 9. The views of litigants in After Action Report - 5+ Documents In Pdf, person are difficult to obtain in light of the Best 25+ Wedding On Pinterest fact they tend to use the system only once. Whilst research is being undertaken to Balance & Lesson, assess their views, anecdotally it appears that the courts are providing the Best 25+ Wedding Registry assistance required. 10. Sources external to the Lord Chancellor's Department show that, with one or two exceptions, the civil justice reforms have been well received overall. It may be said that, given the provenance of the report, it would be expected that it would seek to provide a favourable impression of the changes in procedural law. It should however be noted that much that has happened in recent years is not traceable to the Access to Justice Reports. As a longitudinal study, the report is long on anecdote and For Nuts! short on robust evidence (largely because evidence of the performance of the civil justice system prior to the CPR coming into effect is Best 25+ Wedding Registry Ideas, slender). To a large extent the Sample Action Report - 5+ report draws on in-house studies conducted by large law firms.
In some respects, the report understates the success of Best List On Pinterest, certain aspects of the new rules and, in others, overstates the success. Nationwide, amongst lawyers and judges, particularly those routinely involved with cases in the middle range (including multi-track cases), there is a large amount of discontent. Cna Resume Inspiration Decoration? The criticism is Best 25+ Wedding List On Pinterest, not directed at the objectives of the new civil justice system, but rather at a perceived lack of resources sufficient to make the system work properly. Doubtless the official answer to this will be that existing resources should be used more efficiently. The use of resources is at the centre of the Lord Chancellor's Department Consultation Paper on Modernising the Civil Courts published in 2001.
This paper claims to indicate how the Court Service will become a modern customer-focused organisation, providing excellent services, by the effective use of technology and Cna Resume Examples through significant re-organisation. The key components of this new vision which the Court Service has for its future fore are said to Best Registry Ideas | Wedding, be a new way of Examples, managing the civil justice system, new ways of serving our customers, and a new way of handling cases and supporting our judges and staff. Registry List Ideas On Pinterest? To an extent, the Modernising the Civil Courts Programme is a response to the recommendations made by Lord Woolf in his Reports as to - Webmail, the crucial role of information technology in implementing the civil justice reforms he proposed. Those concerned with the lack of resources presently available to the civil justice system will need to 25+ Wedding Ideas | Wedding, be persuaded that the objectives of the Programme are not to Squirrelmail, reduce further the number of High Court and County court offices throughout the Best 25+ Wedding | Wedding jurisdiction and the number of staff serving in them. A consequence of the sharp drop in the number of Invoice Template Google Invoice Template, civil claims being started since the introduction of the civil justice reforms came into Best Registry Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding, effect is a serious reduction in the income from court fees. For this reason alone, the prospects for the Court Service providing an excellent service for Contractor Form In Word, Pdf its customers in the future has to be regarded as bleak. In relation to dilapidation claims, it is arguable that it is not only the smooth running of the litigation process that is necessary, but also some reform in the law itself. Dilapidation law is derived mainly from the common law and like many other areas of English law it has developed rather sporadically and on a case by case basis. Few statutes of universal application exist, and those that do have been enacted as a response to Best 25+ Wedding Registry List Ideas | Wedding, perceived unfairness of the common law in Sample Report - 5+ Documents In Pdf, a particular area. Best List On Pinterest? Some statutory intervention has taken place in the residential field, although these have not followed any particular plan and in some areas require reform. The availability of Sample After Action Report - 5+, specific performance as a means of enforcing repairing obligations illustrates how piecemeal the development in 25+ Wedding Registry Ideas | Wedding, this area has been.
Over many years, it was believed that specific performance as a remedy was not available, particularly when dealing with the enforcement of a tenant or landlord's covenant. It was only in Cna Resume Examples Decoration, 1974 that an order for specific performance of a landlord's covenant in favour of Best Registry List, a tenant of a dwelling was finally conferred by Sample After Action Report Documents, statute. Despite this fact, some uncertainty remained regarding the availability of the Best On Pinterest | Wedding remedy in relation to a tenant's covenant. It was only in March 1996 that the Law Commission recommended the court should be given a general power to decree specific performance of repairing obligations, whether of landlord or tenant. This recommendation has not yet been implemented, although in Invoice Google Invoice, 1998 the High Court decided at first instance that power to order specific performance of a tenant's repairing covenant exists anyway. The piecemeal development of the law has been matched by a deeply conservative approach to the drafting of dilapidations obligations in leases There are of course exceptions to the rule, but most draftsmen have tended to stick to the old tried and tested formulae including the traditional obligation to repair and Best 25+ Wedding Registry keep in Personal - Video, repair. Registry List Ideas On Pinterest? These have ordinarily concentrated on the technical operations that are to be carried out to the premises rather than the state in which the premises are to be kept. This has meant that there are some cases where the relevant obligation has been held not to have been broken even though the Sample Employment Agreement Forms - 9+ Documents In Word, premises are clearly unusable.
This means that in 25+ Wedding Registry List, a number of areas, the law of dilapidations does not provide the comprehensive solution to modern problems which a more structured and radical approach might provide. In March 1996 the Law Commission published its report Landlord and Tenant: Responsibility for the State and Condition of Property. This report contains a useful discussion of many aspects of the existing law, and Inspiration Decoration sets out proposals for reform. The introduction concludes that there are some serious short comings in Registry List | Wedding, the law governing the repair and maintenance of leasehold property. The report was published prior to the decision in Southwark Borough Council v Mills where the House of Lords reaffirmed the general rule that the landlord gives no implied covenant with regard to the condition of the property being let. The House of Lords held that two tenants of council flats had no remedy at common law for substantial interference by Invoice Template Google Docs Invoice Template, noise resulting from the lack of sound proofing. This decision would no doubt have been regarded by the Commission as further support for its views on the need for reform. In the case of Habinteg Housing Association v James Staughton L.J said in relation to the problem in that case where the landlord was not liable to sort out an alleged infestation of cockroaches on a housing estate that, we are told that the Law Commission has been considering such a problem.
It is to be hoped that they will recommend a solution. What is more, it is hoped that if they do, Parliament will carry it out. Judges and lawyers are sometimes reproached when the On Pinterest | Wedding law does not produce the right result. There are occasions when the reproach should be directed elsewhere. In Issa v Hackney LBC decided shortly after the publication of the Law Commission Report, Brooke L.J stated, parliament has now had the Law Commission's report for over six months. The resolution of Sample Employment Forms - 9+ Free, this injustice lies in decisions being taken about the allocation and distribution of public sector finance to the health service and to Best List Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding, local government which are for ministers and Parliament and not for judges to Invoice Docs | Design Invoice, take in 25+ Wedding Registry List | Wedding, our constitutional scheme of things. In Lee v Leeds City Council Chadwick LJ commented on the recommendation in the report that there should be an Cna Resume Inspiration Decoration, implied term as to fitness for habitation in the following terms, Parliament has not found time to give effect to that recommendation. At the least, it has not done so directly.
Unless, as the appellants contends, the solution to the problem can be found in the provisions of the Human Rights Act 1998, the position remains that there continues to exist a class of case where serious wrong continues to be without a remedy in the civil courts. Despite the judicial encouragement, the Best On Pinterest Law Commission report has not been implemented to date, and it is not clear when, if at all, this may happen. Andrews, N, A New Civil Procedural Code for England: Party-Control Going, Going, Gone, (2000) CJQ 19, 9 Denehan, E, Dilapidations Law and Practice, 2004, Jordans Dowding, N and Reynolds, K, Dilapidations, the Modern Law and practice, 3rd Edition, 2004, Sweet Maxwell Hall, JG, The Expert Witness, 2001, 3rd Edition, Bary Rose Law Publisher Hollis, M, Dilapidations: An introduction, 2003, The College of Template Google Resume, Estate Management Lightman, G, The Civil Justice Reforms in Registry On Pinterest | Wedding, Practice, (2000), Butterworths Piggot, MS, Civil Litigation, (2004) Semple Piggot Rocher Plant, C, Blackstone's Civil Practice, (2004) Oxford University Press Vegoda, VH, The Dilapidation Handbook, 2002, London Lark Productions West, WA, West and Smith's Law of Dilapidations, 11th Edition, 2001, Estates Gazette Dilapidations (RICS Guidance Notes), 4th Edition, 2002, RICS Publishing Effects of the Civil Justice Reforms, (2001) CJQ 20, 301 Emerging Findings: An early evaluation of the Civil Justice Reforms (2001) www.open.gov.uk/lcd Modernising the Cna Resume Examples Inspiration Civil Courts (2001) www.courtservice.gov.uk Access to Justice - Interim Report (June 1995) www.dca.gov.uk Access to Registry Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding, Justice - Final Report (July 1996) www.dca.gov.uk. If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Law essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on Free Documents In Word, hand, waiting to help you. Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Law work in 25+ Wedding Registry On Pinterest | Wedding, your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This Law essay was submitted to us by a student in order to Balance - Video, help you with your studies.
This page has approximately words. If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Essay on the Effects of Civil Procedure Rules on Dilapidations | Property . Available from: http://www.essay.uk.com/free-essays/law/expert-witness-role.php [06-10-17]. If you are the original author of this content and no longer wish to have it published on our website then please click on the link below to request removal: Essay UK offers professional custom essay writing, dissertation writing and coursework writing service. Our work is Best 25+ Wedding Registry List Ideas On Pinterest, high quality, plagiarism-free and delivered on time.
Essay UK is a trading name of Contractor Form Samples In Word, Pdf, Student Academic Services Limited , a company registered in England and Wales under Company Number 08866484 . Registered Data Controller No: ZA245894.
Buy Essay Canada - Best 25+ Gift registry ideas on Pinterest |… - Adelphi University
Dec 11, 2017 Best 25+ Wedding Registry List Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding,
Essay: T. S. Eliot: The Man in the Mirror. “For I saw with own my eyes the Sibyl hanging in a jar at Cumae, and when acolytes said, ‘Sybil, what do you want’? she replied, T.S. Eliot was an American poet living in England, forced to Oxford University because of the outbreak of Best 25+ Wedding Ideas, World War I (Ramazani 460). Several factors, such as Eliot’s new, foreign home, as well as the fact that Eliot had to suffer firsthand through a war-torn Europe, increasingly influenced his poetry and writing style; Eliot’s poetry directly mirrors not only his surroundings during the time of World War I, but his poetry also mirrors how all of the turmoil in Sample After Action Documents In Pdf, his life were affecting him.
Eliot used his poetry as a self-reflection; poems such as The Waste Land and On Pinterest | Wedding The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock are two examples that mirror Eliot’s own fears and anxieties, and After Report - 5+ In Pdf allowed him an Best Registry List Ideas outlet from his sorrowful life. T.S. Eliot sought to Action Report - 5+ Documents create a world in his poetry that mimicked his own somber reality, something that author Carolyn Holber points out. ‘The ‘metaphoric structure’ of’ The Waste Land’ uses ‘bits and pieces of history, myth and literature to create a dismal contemporary world” (Holber 2). As reviewer Eloise K Hay has said of Eliot’s Life, from the works of Peter Ackroyd, noting that Eliot often considered himself a ‘resident alien’, whom was often viewed as someone who was ‘not merely compensating for his undefined tradition but overcompensating on the side of a factitious Englishness’ (Hay 486). Eliot was always in Best 25+ Wedding List On Pinterest, a situation he was unfamiliar with, he was always in a metaphorical wasteland. ‘Perhaps Eliot alone understood the complex fate of - Webmail For Nuts!, being an American poet in an era when no one was sure if such a thing as ‘American Literature’ existed’ (486). So not only Best Ideas was Eliot constrained by trying to find his way in a world that was seemingly imploding upon itself, but he was also constrained in the fact that he hadn’t a clue where his place was in the world of literature. Even though The Waste Land is Estimate Form Samples, arguably Eliot’s most famous poem, the Norton Anthology of Modern and Contemporary Poetry, first presents Eliot’s The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock (Ramazani 463).
From the start, the poem exhibits ideas of time, distance and an internal suffering in an attempt to placate Eliot’s inner feelings of dread and detachment from the Registry List On Pinterest | Wedding, world. Let us go then, you and I. When the evening is spread out against the sky. Like a patient etherised upon - 5+, a table; Let us go, through certain half-deserted streets (Prufrock 1-4). Every poet is always seeking something, and these four very poignant lines mirror exactly what Eliot is feeling during his stay in Best 25+ Wedding Registry List Ideas On Pinterest, England. ‘Lets us go then, you and I’ demonstrates an Personal Balance Uses & Lesson overwhelming desire of Best 25+ Wedding List | Wedding, Eliot to find something, because when a person goes somewhere, they are always seeking something; however, Eliot is a helpless patient that has been administered ether upon an operating room table.
This ether that Eliot talks about, is the exact same feeling he has in real life – a loss of sensation, a loss of being able to feel because he doesn’t know who or what he needs to be in life, and Google Resume | Design Invoice this numbing sensation is Best Registry Ideas, only intensified by the fact that everywhere Eliot turns, he sees lifeless, war torn, ‘half-deserted’ streets (4). Eliot wants to find his way into the world of poetry, but because of a medium that was heavily English, coupled with the fact that Eliot has been etherised through the constant turmoil in Invoice Template Docs | Design Template, his life, and living in a country that is fighting for its proverbial life, the task is seemingly impossible. Also ether is highly flammable, and not only does this mirror the fiery world in which Eliot lives, but it also shows how incendiary the elements of his life had become. To further expound upon the ideas illustrated in The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock, a backtracking to the very beginning of the poem is needed. Eliot first starts out by 25+ Wedding List On Pinterest | Wedding, quoting a part of After Action, Dante’s Inferno, using the quote to draw parallels between not only himself and his own inferno, but one between Prufrock and Dante, which ultimately ties back to Eliot. Dante is similar to Prufrock in the fact that both are paralyzed, or etherised, by a cowardice in the beginning of each piece, mirroring the Best Registry List On Pinterest | Wedding, same feelings Eliot has with his place in modern poetry. ‘But for Sample - 9+ Documents Pdf, this one moment, he is similar to Prufrock in his doubt and fear, and in Best Registry | Wedding, justifying his weakness by contrasting himself with recognizable heroic figures’ (Hollahan 93). So not only do we see how Eliot seems to use archaic figures to illustrate a point he is trying to make, but we also see how Eliot tries to justify his own hesitance in the world by Google Docs Resume | Design, pointing fingers at Dante as one who has had the very same timid feelings that he had felt. ‘Both men find themselves unworthy in their own eyes as well as in others’ eyes. Best! Both fearfully anticipate failure and shame’ (93).
T.S. Eliot’s most famous poem, The Waste Land, is Agreement Forms - 9+ Free Documents Pdf, a summation of everything that has been presented so far; The Waste Land represents Eliot’s feeling of being an outside not only in country but also in profession, doing so by using his archaic examples as well as his environment to shape this epic poem. As the Norton Anthology implies, The Waste Land was the poem that was the Best 25+ Wedding List Ideas, child from all of Eliot’s personal problems. The main problems, aside from the Balance Sheet: & Examples - Video, constant strain with trying to fit into some sort of niche, include the mental problems he faced, as well as with his family. In 1932, Eliot and 25+ Wedding List Ideas his wife separated, and was eventually sent to a mental asylum, and died several years later. The passing of Eliot’s father in Balance Uses, 1919 also contributed to this barrage of negative emotions, especially since his father ‘died thinking that Eliot had wasted his ability’ (Ramazani 461). Best 25+ Wedding List Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding! One of Eliot’s closest acquaintances, Jean Verdenal, also died during World War I, and was the person he dedicated his first set of poetry books to (461). The Waste Land is Personal Uses & Examples - Video & Lesson, such a somber and magnificent poem, because it reflects everything that Eliot was feeling during his lifetime, all wrapped up into one epic story. 25+ Wedding Registry Ideas On Pinterest! The Waste Land is a collection of everything that he was seeking, everything that had happened to Report - 5+ him, and Registry Ideas | Wedding his way of trying to mirror his reflection outwards towards the world in a negative manner. ‘To me it was only the relief of a personal and wholly insignificant grouse against life; it is just a piece of & Examples, rhythmical grumbling’ (Ramazani 474).
Even Eliot himself recognized that this poem was a mirror for his emotions. The Waste Land starts out with more archaic symbolism, this time from an ancient Greek myth in Best, which the Sibyl is granted eternal life, yet fails to ask for Estimate Samples - 6+, eternal youth and ends up shriveling and living forever in a decrepit form (474). This idea of eternal life mirrors what Eliot desires, especially after the death of his father, the war and Best Ideas On Pinterest also the condition of his mentally declining wife. The forgetfulness of the Balance Uses, Sibyl directly correlates to what Eliot seeks; the estranged poet wants to forget the terrors he has had to face during his time on earth, which to him, feel like an Registry List Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding eternity. April is the cruelest month, breeding. Lilacs out Agreement - 9+ Free Documents Pdf of the dead land, mixing. Memory and desire, stirring. Dull roots with spring rain. Winter kept us warm, covering.
Earth in forgetful snow, feeding. A little life with dried tubers. Best Registry List Ideas On Pinterest! (Waste Land 1-7). These first few lines in the first part of The Waste Land, which bear the title, The Burial of the Dead, shows the After Action Report - 5+ Documents In Pdf, pain Eliot suffered in the past few years before the finishing of the poem. The death of his father and Verdenal outline the first act of this epic, brought together by the desire of Best List, Eliot to forget these terrible memories and attempt to ‘breed lilacs out of the Samples Free In Word,, dead’. Another desirous idea that Eliot inserts in this first section is dealing with the hardships of dealing with his sickening wife, and how her mental illness brought him suffering and 25+ Wedding List Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding yet a desire to fight through.
And I was frightened. Squirrelmail - Webmail! He said, Marie, Marie, hold on tight. And down we went. (15-16). ‘The first female whom we encounter in Registry List On Pinterest | Wedding, the final edition of The Waste Land is Marie, whom the European speaker recalls from his childhood in a mingling of memory and desire’ Marie is linked with the Contractor Estimate Form Samples - 6+ Documents Pdf, ‘awful daring of a moment’s surrender’ that the speaker invokes near the end of the poem. She describes overcoming her fear, holding on tight” (Sicker 421).
This desire can be related back to Eliot’s estranged wife, and Best Registry List Ideas On Pinterest times when her sickness brought on - 6+ Free In Word, moments of 25+ Wedding Registry Ideas, surrender for him, and it seems as if this point of Sample Action Report Documents, view is her’s, and how she is urging him to hold on tight and overcome his fear. Even the others sections of this epic poem can be deduced and interpreted as allusions to Eliot’s own life. First, Eliot undergoes a stage in which he has to physically and emotionally bury his dead: his father, Jean and Registry List Ideas his mentally declining wife. Eliot then plays a game of chess with himself, a game in which he desires to For Nuts! cover over the burial of his dead with lilacs, and cover himself in a forget layer of Ideas, allusionary snow. Eliot seeks a rebirth much like the rebirth Philomel takes on in the second part: The change of Philomel, by Template Docs Template, the barbarous king. So rudely forced; yet there the nightingale. Filled the Best Ideas On Pinterest, desert with inviolable voice.
And still she cried, and still the world pursues (Waste Land 99-102). Eliot had terror forced upon him many times in Samples In Word, Pdf, his life, and now he just wants to fill his deserted life with beauty, yet he still manages to realize that even though he may find inner peace, that the Ideas | Wedding, world will still be there to tear him down in the end. The third section, The Fire Sermon, relates back to Invoice Template Google The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock, with fire representing the fiery surroundings in which Eliot lives his life, and the incendiary life that is constantly burning him at every turn. 25+ Wedding List | Wedding! Yet, fire has another important purpose: cleansing. Eliot seeks a cleansing from his past and a rebirth through the emotional chess game he’s faced. To Carthage then I came. Burning burning burning burning. O Lord Thou pluckest me out.
O Lord Thou pluckest. burning (Waste Land 307-311). Eliot seeks rebirth, to be plucked into life after burning and burning, much as ‘Phlebas’s drowning has been read as a sacrificial death before rebirth’ (Ramazani 483). The Waste Land is Eliot’s step-by-step guide to himself, on how to gain some sort of catharsis from the - Webmail, tumultuous life he has had to endure. But, Eliot realizes that in the end, the chess game never ends, and the pain will always pursue him. ‘And still she cried, and 25+ Wedding List | Wedding still the world pursues (Waste Land 102). This is where the final section comes into play, Death by Water. The cycle finally comes full circle, and after burying his dead, struggling with desires and hardships throughout his life, the chess match is over, and life once again takes ahold of Action Report In Pdf, T.S. Eliot. A current under the Best Registry List Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding, sea. Picked his bones in whispers. As he rose and fell.
He passed the stages of his age and youth. Entering the whirlpool (Waste Land 315-318). T.S. Eliot was a master of Employment Agreement Documents In Word,, mirroring his own emotions and life through such works as The Love Song of J Alfred Prufrock, and most notably, The Waste Land. He endured many harsh realities during his life, such as the passing of his father and one one his best friends, Jean Verdenal, and he even had to witness the mental breakdown of his wife, reflecting this idea heavily in Best 25+ Wedding List Ideas | Wedding, the latter piece. Every author is seeking something, an idea that Eliot tried to express through the use of archaic symbolism, and a reflection of his own ordeals in his poetry. Hay, Eloise K. Balance Sheet: & Examples - Video & Lesson! “T. S. Eliot: A Life.” Rev. of T. S. Eliot: A Life by Peter Ackroyd, by Peter Ackroyd.
T. S. Best Registry | Wedding! Eliot: A Life by Peter Ackroyd Sept. Examples Inspiration Decoration! 1985: 485-90. JSTOR. 25+ Wedding Registry List | Wedding! Web. Contractor Estimate Samples - 6+ Free In Word, Pdf! 2 Mar. 2015. Holbert, Carolyn. Registry List On Pinterest | Wedding! “”Stranded in the Wasteland:” Literary Allusion in The Sharpest Sight.” Studies in American Indian Literatures 2nd ser.
14.1 (2002): 1-25. JSTOR. University of Nebraska Press, 2002. Agreement Forms Documents! Web. 02 Mar. 2015. Hollahan, Eugene. “A Structural Dantean Parallel in Eliot’s “The Love Song of Best Registry List On Pinterest | Wedding, J. Alfred Prufrock”” American Literature 42.1 (1970): 91-93. JSTOR. Duke University Press.
Web. 02 Mar. Sample Action Report - 5+ In Pdf! 2015. Ramazani, Jahan, Richard Ellmann, and 25+ Wedding Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding Robert O’Clair. The Norton Anthology of Modern and Contemporary Poetry. 3rd ed. New York: W.W. Inspiration Decoration! Norton, 2003. Print. Sicker, Philip. 25+ Wedding List Ideas! “The Belladonna: Eliot’s Female Archetype in The Waste Land.” Twentieth Century Literature 30.4 (1984): 420-31.
JSTOR. Hofstra University. Cna Resume Examples Inspiration Decoration! Web. 02 Mar. 2015. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom English Literature essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question?
There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Each of us is Best List | Wedding, qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised English Literature work in your email box, in Sample After Documents, as little as 3 hours. This English Literature essay was submitted to us by a student in order to help you with your studies. This page has approximately words.
If you use part of Best 25+ Wedding Registry Ideas On Pinterest | Wedding, this page in your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Essay: T. S. Eliot: The Man in the Mirror . Available from: http://www.essay.uk.com/essays/english-literature/essay-t-s-eliot-the-man-in-the-mirror/ [04-10-17]. If you are the original author of this content and no longer wish to have it published on Invoice Docs Resume | Design our website then please click on the link below to request removal: 28-05-17 - Things Fall Apart Novel Analysis 15-05-17 - Every Trip Is A Quest 21-12-16 - Identity in Modern American Literature 13-11-16 - Abdul-Rahman Munif 05-11-16 - The Period of Maturity - The formation of an imagined community in Cities of Salt. List! - The Other Side of Silence 04-11-16 - “The False Moon” by Shirley Golden - Barker, Waters and Morrison – history in their writing - ORIGIN AND DEVELOPMENT OF ARABIC NOVEL. We offer professional custom essay writing, dissertation writing and coursework writing service.
Our work is high quality, plagiarism-free and delivered on time. Essay UK is a trading name of Student Academic Services Limited , a company registered in England and Wales under Company Number 08866484 .