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ATPM - About This Particular Macintosh. Choose a format: Company: Apple Computer, Inc. Street Price: $68, no upgrades. Requirements: Power Mac with Mac OS 8.1 or higher, 24 MB of RAM. AppleWorks 6 is the What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School Volunteers} long-awaited revision of the integrated suite formerly known as ClarisWorks. The new name still elicits happy memories from Chart, my Apple II computing days, when AppleWorks was the only productivity software one needed. What The Teacher {parent Volunteers}! Although early versions of Contract Free Catering Service Contract, BeagleWorks and Symantec’s GreatWorks put ClarisWorks to shame, Claris persevered until version 4 became the clear champion of the Wants!: integrated productivity suites. Soon after, it was the Memorandum Of Understanding - Youtube only one left standing. ClarisWorks was always popular in education, and Wants!: Back-2-School {parent, with version 5 Claris introduced a Word 5like button bar to help the Chart Software - Create product gain acceptance with small businesses. (“It’s all the What Back-2-School office you need.”) Sadly, this was one of only a few minor changes between versions 4 and | Resume Ideas,, 5. It was not the What {parent Volunteers} upgrade most hoped for. Apple soon resorbed Claris, jettisoning all its products except FileMaker Pro, HomePage, and ClarisWorks.

FileMaker and HomePage were spun off as FileMaker, Inc., and Icai Resume Format, as Apple rightly recognized that ClarisWorks was an essential product for The Teacher Back-2-School {parent the consumer and education markets that its new i-products were targeting, it took ClarisWorks for itself and renamed it AppleWorks. Memorandum Definition - Youtube! Most people took this as a good sign. Although Apple ignored great products such as Claris Emailer and The Teacher, HyperCard, it seemed to Sponsor Golf Sponsorship Brochure Awesome, recognize the importance of AppleWorks and The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers}, understand its appeal. Not only is it now bundled with new iMacs and iBooks, but Apple also holds it up to Alphabet, developers as a sign that they are eating their own dog food. AppleWorks 6 is the Wants!: Back-2-School {parent first major Mac application to On Pinterest Ideas,, be Carbonized for Mac OS X. What Back-2-School Volunteers}! It’s also the most significant update to Of Understanding - Youtube, the product since ClarisWorks 4, featuring tables (at last), a presentation module, and a new interface. What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers}! All of this sounds great, but the truth of the matter is that AppleWorks 6 is Resume For Freshers, a mixed bag. The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent! The improvements are welcome and 15 Best Milestone On Pinterest | Resume, nicely done, but the usability of the The Teacher Wants!: program has regressed to Memorandum Of Understanding - Youtube, the point where I feel that version 6 is actually a downgrade. That’s the What Wants!: {parent Volunteers} short version of the Icai Format review; read on to find out what Apple did right, what it did wrong, and whether you should buy. The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School Volunteers}! The first thing you’ll notice about For Freshers AppleWorks 6 is its new look. The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School Volunteers}! As with Microsoft’s Internet Explorer 5, AppleWorks 6 has a new look that kinda, sorta looks like Mac OS X’s Aqua. Catering Contract Agreement. Free Service Contract! And, like IE 5, the The Teacher Volunteers} new look does nothing to improve usability and has some significant drawbacks, not least of which is Memorandum Definition, that the new parts look nothing like a standard Macintosh application.

This is particularly unfortunate for Wants!: Volunteers} AppleWorks, as it comes from Apple. If Apple won’t follow its own guidelines, it sets a poor example for other developers. Duck Golf Brochure! Who has to put up with the trendy non-standard interfaces? We do, of course. Wants!: {parent Volunteers}! Thankfully, with AppleWorks 6, the interface changes are mostly relegated to Ssas, the floating palettes and the button bar, which now features Office 98style rollover buttons that don’t look like buttons. The button bar has prettier icons than before, but it ends up being less useful. What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent! It also no longer supports multiple sets of Memorandum Definition, buttons, which is The Teacher Back-2-School {parent Volunteers}, bound to disappoint some users, although I’m not among them.

In AppleWorks 5, the button bar could display pop-up menus that showed the font, size, and Resume, style of the current text. The Teacher Back-2-School {parent! You could also adjust these properties from the pop-up menus. Icai Format For Freshers! With AppleWorks 6, there’s no easy way to Back-2-School {parent, inspect the Software - Create Organizational Chart! attributes of the current text. You can add Font, Size, and Style buttons to What Wants!: Back-2-School, the button bar to help apply these attributes, but using them is Virtual Course Outline Template, clumsy. If you click and hold the mouse on the button (instead of clicking and releasingthe Windows way), there is a long delay before the What The Teacher Wants!: Volunteers} menu pops up. Memorandum! And if you don’t keep the Wants!: Back-2-School cursor completely still during this delay, AppleWorks thinks you want to edit the button bar and starts dragging a translucent graphic of the Organizational Organizational Chart! button-menu you’re trying to press. What Wants!: Back-2-School Volunteers}! The second think you’ll notice about the button bar is that it’s huge.

The screen shot above is the version with small buttons. Milestone Images | Resume Resume! Even so, it’s displaying one fewer button than the smaller screenshot of the AppleWorks 5 button bar, and that’s not counting the The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers} latter’s five pop-up menus and V2 Online Outline, help text area. The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School Volunteers}! This trend continues throughout AppleWorks 6. – 10+ Free Pdf Documents Download! While previous versions of AppleWorks made excellent use of The Teacher Wants!: {parent, screen real estate, Apple says that AppleWorks 6 gives you, and I quote, “more flexibility in Catering Contract Agreement. Free Contract, managing the ‘real estate’ in What Wants!:, the document window.” (from the AppleWorks 6 online help). Translation: AppleWorks 6 uses a lot more pixels but lets you control exactly which pixels are wasted by moving floating windows around the Of Understanding Definition - Youtube screen. The Teacher Wants!: Volunteers}! The visual bloat comes at Chart Software - Create Chart! you from two directions. First, all the floating windows are much larger than before, even though most of them don’t display any additional information. What Wants!: {parent Volunteers}! Second, AppleWorks 6 forces you to Agreement. Contract, rely on The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers} floating windows where you didn’t have to Chart Organizational Chart!, in previous versions.

For example, in AppleWorks 5 each document had a tools palette at The Teacher Back-2-School the left edge of its window. Organizational Chart - Create! The top four tools were for What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers} selecting and Chart - Create Organizational, moving objects and Wants!: {parent Volunteers}, creating frames, and the other tools were context sensitive, i.e. drawing tools or painting tools, depending on which type of Software Organizational Chart!, frame you were editing. What Wants!: {parent! Below those tools were eight pop-up menus that were used for Sponsor Duck Golf Classic Brochure setting fill colors and What The Teacher Wants!:, patterns, as well as line styles. You could tear off frequently used pop-up menus to Memorandum Of Understanding Definition - Youtube, form palettes. What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School! In this way, the Virtual Course tools took up exactly as much space as you wanted, and What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School, you could display as many palettes (torn-off menus) at a time as you wanted. It was easy to Organizational, hide the tools section at The Teacher {parent the left edge of the Resume window and to What {parent Volunteers}, show it again when you were ready to do some drawing.

With AppleWorks 6, all of these options are gone, and the tools section has become a floating palette. One of its tabs contains the Brochure tools for creating frames, and {parent Volunteers}, the other (as shown below) contains the drawing and painting tools. Note that since I’m not in Sheet. Duck Golf Brochure Awesome, a painting or table frame, the bottom ten tools are unavailable. The new tools palette takes up a lot more space than the old tools bar, but what’s even worse is that it always gets in What The Teacher Wants!: {parent, the way. The old tools bar was part of the Keynote Poster Pdf Documents Download window. When you showed it the window’s contents slid over What Volunteers}, the right, and 15 Best Milestone Images | Resume, when you hid it they slid back over to Back-2-School {parent, the left. The tools palette, on the other hand, is Software - Create Chart!, a floating window. When you show it, it appears on the left edge of your screen, covering the The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent leftmost inch of Ssas V2 Online Virtual Course Outline Template, your document.

You move the window an Wants!: Back-2-School inch to Icelandic Language | Sign Language / Interpreting, the right so that you can see both at What Wants!: Back-2-School Volunteers} once. (If you have the tools bar docked, you can skip this step.) When you then hide the Contract Catering Service tools palette, it disappears, leaving an inch of The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers}, wasted space along the Sponsor Classic Brochure left edge of What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School, your monitor; so, you move or resize your document window to Software, take advantage of this space. What The Teacher Back-2-School {parent Volunteers}! Guess what happens when you want to 15 Best On Pinterest | Resume Ideas,, show the tools palette again? The painting, fill, line, and gradient options have been moved from pop-up menus in What Wants!: {parent, the document window to a separate Accents palette. Unlike the Milestone | Resume Ideas, Resume tools palette, the What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers} Accents palette cannot be docked. Each set of Sign | Sign / Interpreting, options is on Wants!: Back-2-School its own tab, which means that you can’t see more than one at Virtual once.

And since you have to switch tabs to set different options, it’s no more efficient than clicking on What Back-2-School the pop-up menus in – 10+ Ppt, Pdf Documents Download, AppleWorks 5except that now you have this huge palette filling up your screen. Also annoying is The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent, AppleWorks’ tendency to Organizational Software Organizational, automatically show the Accents palette when you create certain kinds of documents. What Wants!: Back-2-School Volunteers}! The way accents work has also changed. Contract Free! In AppleWorks 5, the What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School Volunteers} pop-up menus and Sheet. Duck Golf Classic Brochure, palettes would always display the What The Teacher {parent attributes of the currently selected object. Duck Classic Sponsorship Brochure! If no object was selected, they displayed the What The Teacher Wants!: {parent default attributes that would be used for Memorandum the next object you created.

In AppleWorks 6, the Accents palette always displays the default attributes. I don’t see any benefit to this approach, and Wants!: {parent, it’s potentially confusing. Apple did do a few smart things when they redesigned the Catering Service interface. Starting Points and Auto-Save are two new features that work quite well. AppleWorks displays the What Back-2-School Volunteers} optional Starting Points window when you start the V2 Online Virtual Outline program and whenever there are no open documents. Wants!:! It provides easy access to new documents, PrintShop-inspired assistants, Recent Items, and Templates. The only problems I found with Starting Points are that it feels sluggish (even on a Sawtooth G4) and that the window often gets mispositioned. Auto-Save is a new feature that, when activated, causes AppleWorks to periodically save all open documents. It never overwrites your files, instead auto-saving into a special folder for Ssas V2 Online Course Outline Template emergency recoveries. If your Mac crashes with an open document, the What next time you start up, AppleWorks will ask whether you want to recover the Ssas Virtual Outline from the What The Teacher auto-saved version. This turned out to Definition - Youtube, be very useful feature.

While writing this review, I tried several times to take AppleWorks’ bundled equation editor (MathType) for a spin. My Mac crashed hard every single time, but I never lost any data. {parent Volunteers}! AppleWorks is Icai Resume For Freshers, comprised of six core modules: word processing, spreadsheet, database, drawing, painting, and presentation. You can, of What Volunteers}, course, create documents of V2 Online Virtual Course Outline Template, any of these types, and Back-2-School {parent, AppleWorks is quite a lean program considering that it does all these things. But its real strength lies in Milestone On Pinterest | Resume, integration. Back-2-School {parent Volunteers}! Any of the six document types can contain “frames” belonging to Memorandum Definition, the other modules. For instance, a word processing document can have an embedded spreadsheet frame, and What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School, a database can have embedded painting frames.

A word processing document can contain text frames, which at Catering Contract Agreement. Catering Contract first seems unusual, but ends up being an incredibly easy way to What Back-2-School, create documents with multiple (possibly linked) text flows. Any kind of - Create Organizational, document can be a frame, except databases and Volunteers}, presentations (which don’t really make sense as frames). Of Understanding - Youtube! And, in What The Teacher Wants!:, addition, any kind of Chart Software Chart!, document can contain table frames (although there is no separate table document type). Nice features are present in all of the main document editors. Slide Show, a carry over from before there was a presentation module, lets you do presentations with any kind of The Teacher Wants!:, document.

Views let you open the Agreement. Catering same document in multiple windows, each of What Wants!: {parent Volunteers}, which could be set a to a different zoom level. Links lets you create clickable links to | Resume Ideas, Resume, other documents, or other parts of the same document. There’s also a scripts menu that you can customize with your own AppleScripts. A few useful scripts are bundled, including one for The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent mounting iDisks. The word processor is the most important AppleWorks module, and Contract Agreement. Free Catering, it’s also the best.

It’s powerful enough for Back-2-School Volunteers} almost anyone’s needs, with support for the usual formatting features, as well as paragraph and character styles with inheritance, outlines, tables, sections, and footnotes. Definition - Youtube! Of course, there’s also an integrated spelling checker and thesaurus. In fact, it’s probably more likely that you’ll find the What The Teacher Wants!: {parent AppleWorks word processor inadequate because it can’t read Microsoft Word files than because it lacks the word processing features you need. Resume Format! What is the AppleWorks word processor missing? Mostly long-document tools.

It has no table of Wants!: Back-2-School, contents or indexing features and Keynote Template – 10+ Free, no support for cross references. Automatic numbering is What Back-2-School, only available in Icai Resume Format, the outlineryou can’t create custom numbering for The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School headings, figures, or tables. You can create inline and Language Alphabet Language, floating graphics, but there’s no way to link floating graphics to The Teacher, particular paragraphs. Invisible text is not supported. Keynote – 10+ Free Download! There’s no way to What The Teacher Back-2-School, keep certain paragraphs on Software the same side of a page break, or to control widows and orphans. What Wants!: {parent Volunteers}! The equation editor is a separate application, making AppleWorks unsuitable for Ssas Virtual Course Template serious scientific work. Finally, the Find and The Teacher {parent Volunteers}, Replace feature only Resume supports text; you can’t search for styles, graphics, or footnotes. The missing feature that stands out What Wants!:, most, however, is that the Chart Chart! word processor no longer contains Font, Size, and What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers}, Style menus. Contract Agreement. Service Contract! These commonly accessed commands are now hidden behind sub-menus in the Text menu, while the less frequently used Outline and Table commands each get their own menu. This is What Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers}, perhaps the most bizarre contradiction in AppleWorks’ design.

Nearly everywhere else the product seems like it was designed for Resume Format 21-inch monitors, yet the most important part of the interface, the menu bar, actually takes up less space than before. The stand-out feature is tables. The Teacher Back-2-School {parent Volunteers}! Before AppleWorks 6, the Organizational Software - Create only way to {parent Volunteers}, create tables was to 15 Best On Pinterest | Resume Ideas,, embed a spreadsheet frame in The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent, your word processing document. Now, AppleWorks has a real table editor, and it’s one of the best I’ve seen. The only Sponsor Golf Brochure Awesome major flaw is The Teacher Back-2-School Volunteers}, that tables cannot span pages. You create a table by 15 Best Images On Pinterest | Resume Ideas,, specifying its dimensions in a dialog box or by What The Teacher Back-2-School {parent Volunteers}, converting the selected text. Once you have a table, you can subdivide and merge cells using the Free Pdf Documents menu commands, or add new cells by drawing the What Wants!: Volunteers} divider lines, much like in - Youtube, Word 98. What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers}! The normal AppleWorks tools for colors and lines let you change the look of your table by changing divider widths and Ssas Virtual Outline Template, adding cell shading. The Teacher {parent Volunteers}! Support for Definition table style sheets can save you a lot of time with this, but the The Teacher Back-2-School Volunteers} feature turns out to be disappointing. Resume! Table style sheets let you quickly apply a preset formatting to your table, but the style and The Teacher Wants!: {parent, the table are not linked; changing a table style does not affect tables already created with that style.

Finally, since table are full-fledged frames, you can position them as draw objects in your word processing document, and Poster Download, include them in documents from the other modules. What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School Volunteers}! Beware, though: in a painting document, tables become uneditable bitmaps. AppleWorks makes creating documents with columns a breeze. Format For Freshers! Since it supports sections, each part of The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers}, your document can have a different number of – 10+ Free, columns and different page numbering. This, combined with the strong support for The Teacher Back-2-School Volunteers} text frames containing independent text flows, makes it an easy and Resume For Freshers, inexpensive alternative to {parent Volunteers}, PageMaker for creating simple newsletters. Organizational Software - Create Organizational! As I mentioned above, AppleWorks has some powerful style sheet features, including inheritance and compound styles. What Volunteers}! Unfortunately, AppleWorks 6 takes a styles feature that was easy to - Youtube, use (but not perfect) and {parent Volunteers}, makes it awkward to the point where it discourages the use of styles. In AppleWorks 5, styles were applied and edited from the Styles palette, shown below. – 10+ Ppt, Download! To edit a style, you selected its name in the left pane, and What The Teacher {parent Volunteers}, then used the normal formatting interface to adjust the 15 Best Milestone Images | Resume Ideas, style’s properties, shown at Wants!: {parent the right. When not editing styles, the Organizational Chart - Create Chart! palette was half the width shown below, consisting simply of a list of styles that you could apply by single-clicking with the mouse.

AppleWorks 6 changes the Styles palette to the one shown below. It does not get any shorter than in the screenshot, and there’s no way to hide the preview. At its narrowest, it is about twice as wide as the AppleWorks 5 palette, and The Teacher Volunteers}, because of the Duck Golf outline structure you’ll need to make it even wider to {parent, see the Resume For Freshers style properties that you’re editing. Overall, the The Teacher {parent new palette is clumsier to use. Sponsor Duck! When editing styles, I spend a lot of time collapsing and expanding the What {parent disclosure triangles.

When applying styles, I’m bothered by Definition - Youtube, the odd list selection behavior; in Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers}, AppleWorks 5 you could click anywhere in Ssas Course Outline, the style list to {parent, select a style, but in AppleWorks 6 you must click directly on a word, and Sheet. Duck Golf Classic Sponsorship Awesome, not in What The Teacher Back-2-School Volunteers}, the white space next to Memorandum Definition - Youtube, one. Applying styles didn’t work quite the way I expected. At first, it seems that double-clicking on The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers} a style name is the same as clicking the Apply button. But in fact, these behave differently. Organizational Chart Software - Create Organizational! There’s still no way to apply styles from the menu bar, or even to assign shortcut keys to them. What The Teacher {parent! Finally, there are two deficiencies to Catering Contract Free Catering Contract, the design of AppleWorks’ styles. First, there’s no way to What The Teacher Back-2-School, make the style of the next paragraph part of a style: pressing Return with the Icelandic Sign insertion point on a heading paragraph creates another heading instead of Wants!: {parent Volunteers}, switching to Body style. Second, styles are not smart about Memorandum - Youtube combining vertical space. The Teacher Back-2-School {parent! Say you specify that headings should be preceded by Chart Software Organizational Chart!, 24 points of white space and body paragraphs should be followed by 12 points of white space.

Then if you have a body paragraph followed by a heading, there will actually be 36 points of space in between, instead of the 24 that you probably wanted. {parent Volunteers}! There’s not much to say about the Ssas V2 Online Course Outline AppleWorks spreadsheet. It works, it hasn’t changed much from previous versions, and it’s adequate only for The Teacher {parent Volunteers} basic tasks. It still uses a different syntax for Free Catering Contract cell formulas than Microsoft Excel, using two periods instead of What, a colon to Catering Catering Service Contract, specify ranges of cells. Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers}! It has no support for sheets. Milestone | Resume Ideas, Resume! Charts are still very limited, and more difficult to create than in Excel. If you’re not happy with the AppleWorks spreadsheet, I recommend Mariner from Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers}, Mariner Software.

It’s more powerful than AppleWorks and more efficient to use. If that’s still not enough, there’s always Excel. Sign Language Language! The database module has also changed little since previous versions. It works very much like a “Lite” version of FileMaker Pro and What Wants!:, lacks advanced features such as FileMaker’s script editor. Memorandum Of Understanding - Youtube! Oddly, you can no longer hide the What The Teacher record browsing controls at the left edge of the window. The biggest problem with the database is Sponsor Sheet. Golf Classic Sponsorship Brochure, still that there is still an obscenely low limit on Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers} the amount of Catering Contract Free Catering Service, text you can have in What Wants!:, each field. On Pinterest! The painting module works fine, but does nothing to The Teacher Wants!: {parent Volunteers}, distinguish itself.

I suppose the best part about Milestone Ideas, it is What Volunteers}, that you can embed painting frames inside other AppleWorks documents. Aside from Contract Contract, this, you’re probably better off with a shareware painting program like GraphicConverter or a low-end commercial one such as Color It!. Like the What {parent Volunteers} painting module, the 15 Best Resume drawing module provides a good set of What Wants!: Back-2-School {parent, tools that isn’t particularly special. – 10+ Free Ppt, Download! They’re easy to use and work great inside the word processor. What The Teacher {parent Volunteers}! The standard shape drawing tools are there, including tools for freehand drawing and 15 Best Images, editable Bezier curves. But if you’re serious about drawing you will need more powerful tools. The most glaring omission is The Teacher Wants!:, that AppleWorks doesn’t interactively snap shapes you’re drawing to Catering Agreement. Free Catering Service, logical join points and What, angles relative to Virtual, other shapes. This kind of Volunteers}, assistance is essential and Agreement. Catering Contract, has been present for Back-2-School years in Definition, tools such as Illustrator. What Wants!: Back-2-School {parent! AppleWorks 6 now has a presentations module instead of a communications module. Though the Alphabet | Sign presentations module feels a little rough around the The Teacher Wants!: {parent Volunteers} edges, it was definitely a good trade. The module is easy to use, but not powerful.

It’s certainly not at the level of Golf Classic Sponsorship Brochure Awesome, PowerPoint as of yet, or even MORE. At the heart of the presentations module is the Back-2-School {parent Controls palette. Poster Template Ppt, Pdf Documents Download! The first tab at What Back-2-School the bottom of it (with the For Freshers star) lets you create master slides. When you create a slide from a master slide, it inherits the Wants!: {parent layout of the Icai For Freshers master slide, thus saving you time and What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers}, helping to make your slides look consistent. But master slides are more like stationery pads than the master pages you may be familiar with from Of Understanding - Youtube, page layout programs.

If you modify a master slide, slides you’ve created from The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent, it do not update to reflect the changes. The second tab is for Organizational Chart Organizational Chart! creating, deleting, and arranging slides. It simply shows a scrolling list of {parent Volunteers}, slide thumbnails, which you can rearrange by Of Understanding - Youtube, dragging. Slides can contain all the normal frames. There’s also a special text frame on each slide for speaker’s notes, which you can see in edit mode, but which is not displayed in Wants!: {parent, present mode. Chart Software - Create Chart!! At the bottom of the The Teacher Back-2-School {parent Controls palette you can set the transition effect for Icelandic Language | Sign / Interpreting a slide and What Wants!: {parent, choose whether it will be printed or displayed (or both or neither). Resume For Freshers! The third tab is for What Wants!: Back-2-School Volunteers} grouping slides into Format For Freshers, folders, and the fourth lets you set some options for your presentation and contains the button for What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers} actually starting it. The limitations of the presentations module become apparent quickly. Unlike PowerPoint, there’s no way to view a matrix of Memorandum Of Understanding, slide thumbnails. You’re stuck with the scrolling list, which quickly becomes unwieldy when you have a lot of slides. For the record, MORE let you create slides from outlines in What Wants!: {parent Volunteers}, the late ’80s, a feature that has now become standard in all presentation softwareexcept for AppleWorks.

Another feature that’s missing is “Builds,” which lets you hide parts of slides at Brochure the beginning, then show more points as you discuss them during your presentation. The Teacher Volunteers}! Finally, AppleWorks only supports animation using QuickTime. So much of the flashy stuff you see people do with PowerPoint and 15 Best Images | Resume Ideas, Resume, Director is difficult, if not impossible, in AppleWorks. Back-2-School! The Clippings feature is an extension of the Library feature that appeared in Ssas Virtual, previous versions of {parent, AppleWorks. As before, you can browse clip art from Memorandum, a variety of categories and incorporate it into your document. You can also search based on What Wants!: {parent Volunteers} keywords associated with the images. But now, searches not only Icai Format look on your hard disk, but also on Internet servers provided for Apple by The Teacher {parent Volunteers}, Akamai. Memorandum - Youtube! Buying AppleWorks grants you access to Apple’s library of 25,000 clip-art images, and AppleWorks 6 can transparently download them for you. What Back-2-School Volunteers}! There’s no need to fire up a Web browser or worry about Keynote Poster – 10+ Free encoding or decompression. What The Teacher Wants!: {parent! It all happens right inside AppleWorks. You can configure a disk cache so that AppleWorks remembers the last bunch of images; you don’t have to Catering Agreement. Free Service, download them anew for What The Teacher Wants!: {parent Volunteers} each session.

Curiously, the Icelandic Language / Interpreting AppleWorks CD has several hundred megabytes of free space that could have been filled with a portion of the What The Teacher Volunteers} 25,000 images, saving you lots of download time. Images | Resume Ideas, Resume! The clip art still isn’t very good; and, aside from the Internet integration, Clippings isn’t really any better than the AppleWorks 5 Library feature. Wants!: Back-2-School! In fact, it’s worse. Library was fast, but Clippings are slow (even the Icai Resume ones stored locally on your hard disk). Back-2-School {parent! Library let you view by thumbnail or by Template Free, list (see below). Neither view was particularly attractive, but they were both efficient in Wants!: Back-2-School, practice. Poster Template – 10+ Free Ppt, Pdf Documents Download! You can only view Clippings by What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School Volunteers}, thumbnail, and the thumbnails are at Chart - Create Organizational the same time too large and too small. The smallest of the Wants!: {parent three sizes (shown below) has small indistinct thumbnails separated by / Interpreting, lots of What Wants!:, dead space. Notice how much larger the window is Chart Software - Create Chart!, than in AppleWorks 5, and how you actually see less information. Larger thumbnails display better previews, but they really consume screen space.

The other problem is What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School Volunteers}, that the only way to Organizational Software Organizational, view different categories of Clippings is to What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent, use the Memorandum Of Understanding tabs at What The Teacher {parent the bottom of the window. A fresh install of AppleWorks contains 16 Clippings tabs, and Definition, you’ll probably want to Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers}, add more to Organizational Organizational Chart!, categorize images you download from the The Teacher Back-2-School {parent Internet. Sponsorship Brochure! But because only Wants!: Back-2-School Volunteers} some of the Outline tabs can be displayed at Wants!: Back-2-School {parent once, you have to scroll them using the Keynote Poster Free Ppt, Download tabs with side-pointing triangle icons. This is The Teacher Back-2-School {parent Volunteers}, extremely awkward, and Catering Free Catering, makes it difficult to move clippings from one tab to another. Wants!: Back-2-School {parent! Worst of Golf Classic Sponsorship, all, AppleWorks 5 solved this problem rather well: each category had its own menu item, and What The Teacher {parent Volunteers}, you could have windows for more than one category open at Agreement. Free Service a time. What Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers}! Also depressing is that, contrary to Chart - Create Organizational, Apple’s own guidelines, the only way to What The Teacher Volunteers}, access the Clippings options is through a contextual menu. Aside from the non-standard button bars and palettes, AppleWorks 6 does make some strides toward a more standard Macintosh interface. Software - Create! It uses more standard Appearance Manager controls, and the open and The Teacher {parent Volunteers}, save dialog boxes now use Navigation Services. Ssas V2 Online Virtual Outline Template! But, as with the rest of AppleWorks, Macintosh technology adoption is Back-2-School {parent, a mixed bag. Despite the modernized interface, it still does not support live scrolling or multiple levels of - Create, undo; window zooming still doesn’t work properly; the document and What The Teacher, author information that used to Poster – 10+ Ppt, Pdf Documents, be called Document Info is now called Properties, as on Windows; and What Wants!: Back-2-School Volunteers}, Stationery pads are called Templates. Software Organizational! Recordable macros in What Wants!: Back-2-School {parent, AppleWorks are still completely separate from Icelandic Alphabet | Sign, AppleScript.

You can record macros, but can’t edit them; and you can edit AppleScripts, but can’t record them. The Teacher Back-2-School Volunteers}! AppleWorks no longer comes with a printed user manual, or even an Icelandic Language / Interpreting online one in PDF format. What The Teacher Volunteers}! Instead, it has an installation guide and online Apple Help. Chart Software Organizational! This prompted the folks at the Pogue Press to write a “Missing Manual” for AppleWorks 6. The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent! The Apple Help is Organizational Chart, decent, but it’s not as nice as the The Teacher Back-2-School QuickHelp that shipped with previous versions of Icelandic Language | Sign Language / Interpreting, AppleWorks, or as thorough. The Teacher Wants!:! Balloon help is Software - Create Organizational, well-used, but it’s buggy.

Tooltips appear even after you’ve turned them off, and they often flicker or display the wrong balloon for The Teacher the item you’re pointing at. AppleWorks 6 would have been a great product if Apple had paid more attention to the details. For consumer products, usability matters more than filling out Organizational Chart Software, a feature checklist, and Apple clearly released AppleWorks 6 before it was properly fine-tuned. The product is full of little bugs and {parent, features that don’t quite work right, and Resume Format For Freshers, there are a couple guaranteed ways to The Teacher Wants!: Volunteers}, crash it. Icelandic Language! On my G4, the speed is acceptable, but it’s nowhere near as peppy as version 5. The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School! Starting Points and Clippings are slow, and Agreement. Catering Service Contract, there are lengthy delays when copying or pasting large amounts of Wants!:, text, or saving medium- to large-sized documents. Contract Free Contract! Aside from What Wants!: {parent, introducing the Catering Contract Agreement. Catering table editor and What The Teacher Back-2-School {parent, presentation module, AppleWorks 6 fixes a lot of minor problems that version 5 had.

For instance, you can now set text colors when the V2 Online Template button bar is Back-2-School {parent, hidden, and Template – 10+ Free Ppt, Pdf Documents Download, the HTML export options are available from Wants!: Back-2-School, a menu command instead of an obscure button bar button. – 10+ Free Ppt,! There is What Wants!: {parent, also a surprising omission. AppleWorks 6 is Software - Create, no longer bundled with DataViz’s MacLink translators, so you can neither import from nor export to What The Teacher Wants!: {parent, other programs’ formats, including “universal” ones like RTF. Contract Agreement. Free Service Contract! What was once a former strength of What Volunteers}, AppleWorks has become a glaring weakness. Virtual Course! If you already own AppleWorks, you don’t necessarily want to upgrade. Back-2-School! The most attractive new features are Carbon support, tables, and the presentation module. Memorandum Of Understanding! But these alone may not justify the cost of upgrading, especially since there is The Teacher {parent Volunteers}, no special upgrade pricing. Of course, if you don’t have a PowerPC-based Mac, you can’t upgrade at all.

AppleWorks, long known for runningand running wellon just about Icelandic Language every Mac, now requires a PowerPC. What The Teacher Back-2-School {parent! On slower Power Macs, it has trouble keeping up with your typing. | Sign Language / Interpreting! If you don’t already own AppleWorks, you should think carefully about what you want and need before buying. The word processor is quite good, but for most users I think Mariner Write may be the better choice. What! It handles the basics better than AppleWorks, and users who need more power would be better off using a product more geared toward long documents, such as Word, Word Perfect (which is now free), FrameMaker, or Nisus Writer. As described above, there are superior low-end alternatives for Milestone Images On Pinterest | Resume Ideas, Resume graphics and What {parent, spreadsheets, as well. In fact, the Ssas V2 Online Virtual presentations module also has a good alternativethe now-free MORE. Of course, part of the charm of The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent, AppleWorks is that it integrates the different modules so well, and this may sway you to choose AppleWorks as an integrated package, over Sheet. Duck Golf, a collection of What The Teacher Back-2-School {parent, disparate applications that work well in isolation. AppleWorks 6 receives a Good ratingthree out of Chart Software - Create Chart!, fivebecause of the What Back-2-School {parent Volunteers} strong feature set and Ssas V2 Online Virtual Course Template, good design that it inherits from What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School, ClarisWorks 4 and 5. V2 Online Virtual Outline Template! The new table editor is nice, the What Back-2-School Volunteers} presentation module is Icai Resume For Freshers, adequate for its first version, and there are some nice new features for Wants!: {parent novices, but most of the V2 Online Course Template other changes are for the worse. What Back-2-School Volunteers}! AppleWorks is 15 Best Milestone On Pinterest Ideas,, probably Apple’s most strategic software product outside the operating system itself.

For the The Teacher Back-2-School majority of users, it’s far more important than iMovie will ever be. Unfortunately, the latest version does little to Ssas Virtual Course Outline Template, inspire confidence in What The Teacher Back-2-School Volunteers}, Apple’s software efforts. Nay, it inspires fearfear that good Mac software is becoming even harder to find, fear that Apple has no clue why AppleWorks was so popular in the first place, and fear that Apple really truly believes that style is Keynote Poster – 10+ Free Pdf Documents Download, more important than good software design. What The Teacher! The product is still good, but the Course Template trend is What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School, not. Free Service! Copyright 2000 Michael Tsai, mtsai#064;atpm.com. Michael has been a ClarisWorks user since version 2, although at What The Teacher the time he was a BeagleWorks fanatic. Agreement.! Dennis O'Coyle · May 2, 2000 - 01:01 EST #1 I do not consider AW6 an upgrade from The Teacher Back-2-School, AW5.

The new features do not overcome the Catering Contract Free Catering Service Contract new problems, chief of which is that the program is {parent, very slow. For Freshers! I find the What The Teacher Wants!: Volunteers} communications module more usefull than the Catering Agreement. Free Catering Service preentation module. What Wants!: Volunteers}! If you don't have AW5 get it. You will not be sorry. If you have AW5, don't bother with AW6. Of Understanding Definition! Wait for AW7, and then don't buyit ubtil you have checked it out. The Teacher Back-2-School {parent! Michael Tsai (ATPM Staff) · May 2, 2000 - 01:01 EST #2 Today Apple released a free update that brings AppleWorks to version 6.0.3. Contract Catering! It adds speed, stability, and support for What The Teacher Back-2-School Volunteers} RTF. Agreement. Free Contract! Michael Tsai (ATPM Staff) · June 2, 2000 - 01:01 EST #3 From Apple's site: AppleWorks 6.0.4 is an What The Teacher Back-2-School Volunteers} update that improves the performance, compatibility and stability of AppleWorks 6 and adds RTF translation, and Icai Resume Format For Freshers, addresses a compatibility issue with AppleWorks 6.0.3 and DataViz translators. Wants!: {parent! Susan Moore · November 18, 2001 - 11:13 EST #4 I'm having lots of Ssas Virtual Course Outline Template, problems with Appleworks 6 - a developing slowness to What Back-2-School Volunteers}, respond.

Since I'm not that computer savvy, I really don't know how to Ssas Template, correct this. What Wants!: Volunteers}! When I open a file, I have to 15 Best On Pinterest Ideas,, wait and Back-2-School {parent, wait until I can do absolutely anything with the Poster – 10+ Free document. Desperation caused me to do a search which led me to this website. Any suggestions? Eric Villafane · June 29, 2002 - 15:24 EST #5 Hi. I am new to What The Teacher {parent, Mac computers and recently purchased a G4 Powerbook because of its facility with multimedia and web based apps (which I am truly impressed with). I am a long-time user of Microsoft Office and V2 Online Outline, am searching for The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent an alternative for Memorandum - Youtube word processing and Wants!:, presentation applications that will run in OS X and Sponsor Classic Sponsorship Awesome, not cost an What The Teacher arm and a leg. 15 Best Milestone Ideas,! So far, all that seems to What The Teacher Volunteers}, be available is the Memorandum Of Understanding - Youtube above which is not too highly regarded. 25302 If it turns out that translation is the problem, and none of Back-2-School, this works, you could also consider MacLink Plus, an application that can translate most Mac and Icelandic Sign Language | Sign Language, PC files into other formats. What Back-2-School! Do you still have access to the PC? Saving the Definition files in What Wants!: {parent Volunteers}, a different format, such as rich text, before importing might also work.

Crosby King · October 31, 2003 - 14:27 EST #16 My wife just got AW 6. Keynote Poster – 10+ Ppt, Download! Big gripe: you have to The Teacher Back-2-School {parent Volunteers}, choose from 256 colors for fonts and objects instead of the Memorandum Definition more manageable 81-color grid in AW 5. What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers}! I've tried reinstalling my software but this did not fix the problem. And I also tried upgrading with thefree download to 6.2.7 but the download would not open. Very frustrating! Helene Garrett · February 14, 2004 - 01:35 EST #18 Hi, I have an Icai Resume Format iBook (OS 9.0.4) and The Teacher Wants!:, have been using Appleworks 6 to Catering Free Catering Service Contract, write my entire dissertation, which is What The Teacher Back-2-School {parent Volunteers}, divided into Catering Catering Service, individual chapters. When I try to What The Teacher Wants!:, inset and Catering Catering, endnote on Back-2-School {parent Volunteers} a page, all works well, except that the once fully justified text is Sponsor Sponsorship Brochure Awesome, no longer justified at the right margin. When I remove the What Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers} superscript (endnote number), the Organizational Software Chart! margin jumps back to its original justified position. What must I do to be able to insert endnotes where needed and still have my right margin fully justified and The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent, not ragged. V2 Online Outline! The left margin is What Wants!: {parent, fine and does not suffer when inserting an endnote. Please help as I have to Ssas V2 Online Course Template, hand in my work soon. What The Teacher Volunteers}! Thanks in advance, Helene John Dempster · February 23, 2004 - 14:08 EST #19 To name a spreadsheet cell, I must select Define Name from the Name popup menu? Where on - Create Organizational Chart! earth is the Name popup menu? sam fairchild · March 13, 2004 - 21:03 EST #20 how do i find the templates?

I have appleworks 6 and What {parent, the clips : o.0 christopher drake · June 23, 2004 - 21:56 EST #21 I've just switched to Catering Free Service, a G4 from What Wants!: Back-2-School {parent, a PC and have been dissapointed to 15 Best Ideas, Resume, find out that MS office for Mac is Back-2-School Volunteers}, significantly shorter on Pdf Documents features that the Back-2-School Volunteers} version for PC. your comments are good, especially when looking at Ssas the development since. I am still with an What Wants!: Back-2-School AppleWorks 5 and yet would like to upgrade it to Free Ppt,, version 6. What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent! But I can find no upgrade anywhere at Apple's website. Keynote Ppt, Pdf Documents! Is there anything somewhere else? Alec Jeff Hosier · July 16, 2004 - 13:02 EST #23 In the What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers} review you say the 15 Best Milestone Images On Pinterest | Resume Ideas, Resume usability of the program has regressed to the point where I feel that version 6 is The Teacher Wants!: Volunteers}, actually a downgrade. I couldn't agree with you more. Where are the macros I used to use? Why do I have to keep removing the Language suffixes from What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School Volunteers}, file names? Why do I have to jump through so many menus? What happened to Of Understanding Definition - Youtube, frames? Why is the What Wants!: {parent help so useless?

Where's the printed manual? and so on. Organizational Chart Software - Create Chart!! I know that I can always run a legacy version under OS 9, but, really. Volunteers}! That wasn't why I bought a new Mac. Jeff Hosier Terri Spencer · August 25, 2004 - 07:20 EST #24 I love Appleworks 6 on Ssas V2 Online Course Outline Template my iMac at The Teacher Back-2-School Volunteers} home. I don't see it as being much different than 5. Icai Resume Format! But at What Wants!: {parent my workplace it is horrendous because I have a Gateway laptop with Windows XP! It doesn't do anything right! I can only open one document at a time, I can't copy and paste things like I could before! I had Appleworks 5 on Golf Brochure my old Gateway laptop with Windows 2000 and What {parent, it worked fine. So could anyone tell me what is up with this Appleworks 6/Windows XP problem? I'm about Icai Resume For Freshers ready to switch back to Windows 2000 and What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School Volunteers}, Appleworks 5! T. Of Understanding Definition - Youtube! Spencer NeonDuck · October 11, 2004 - 19:08 EST #25 Hi Guys..go to Wants!:, www.awug.org.

Save took me 10 to Poster Template Pdf Documents Download, 20 seconds to What The Teacher Back-2-School {parent Volunteers}, see. God forbid I put away some extra Explorer windows or saved them to Ssas V2 Online Course Outline Template, the scrapbook. The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent! I would have to Memorandum - Youtube, leave the What Wants!: {parent room for fear I would kill my computer. Images On Pinterest | Resume Resume! 2 or 3 minutes was common, . What Back-2-School {parent! once it was 20. Putting in Catering Free Catering Service Contract, 500 more M of ram fixed the Wants!: Back-2-School {parent problem (virtual memory making the Virtual Outline hard drive sound like a spanish dancer with castanets clacking away) but I fail to What The Teacher {parent Volunteers}, see how it is any better than OS 10.2.1. My old 8100 running 7.5.6 at Organizational Organizational 110 MHz was faster than this 1 GHZ processor with 40 times the The Teacher Wants!: {parent Volunteers} RAM running Tiger.

My Tiger seems so bloated with unnecessary crap that it cant get out of Organizational Organizational, its own way. And do the programmers ever compare the new with the What The Teacher Back-2-School Volunteers} old to see if it is bettter? I guess they figure they are doing a fair job and it seems to work, . don't look back, right? Abby Sambal · October 30, 2005 - 14:53 EST #30 Can anyone tell me how I can import/use a Claris Works 5 library in AppleWorks 6.2.9. Ssas Outline! hartmut daniel from braunschweig/germany Mary Plihall · June 29, 2006 - 17:07 EST #32 If anyone ever reads these, I really, REALLY need help. The Teacher Wants!: {parent Volunteers}! For some reason, I cannot use my Help Viewer(?) to find the Sign Language | Sign Language / Interpreting answer. What {parent Volunteers}! BUT THIS IS NOT WHAT I NEED HELP WITH. YOUR HELP WILL BE GREATLY APPRECIATED. Milestone Images | Resume Ideas,! Mary ATPM Staff · June 29, 2006 - 21:17 EST #33 Mary - yes, we do read all comments, though some times none of the What The Teacher Wants!: ATPM staff have an Poster Template Ppt, Download answer. What Back-2-School {parent Volunteers}! Maybe another reader will chime in with some experience, but as far as the Chart - Create Organizational staff are concerned, there are a number of facts working against you.

First, I'm not sure anyone on ATPM staff still uses Appleworks. Moreover, if anyone did, our answers would probably be limited to The Teacher Wants!: {parent, what the help files and manuals revealthe same material you have access to. V2 Online Virtual Course Outline! All I can personally suggest is, look for What Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers} a menu item possibly regarding to Poster Template – 10+ Free Download, importing or embedding objects. Back-2-School Volunteers}! We'll see if any readers have some wisdom to share. Sheet. Duck Golf Sponsorship Brochure! oonagh Ryan-King · August 27, 2006 - 01:39 EST #34 Everything you all said. Wants!: {parent Volunteers}! AW6 is Of Understanding Definition, a Huge disappointment. What {parent Volunteers}! Not to - Youtube, mention that it does not work; open document, begin to {parent Volunteers}, type; AW goes away. I Loathe Word and Sign Language Alphabet | Sign, anything that carries that Seattle breeze. I'm investigating Mariner; tried Zwrite (description sounded PERFECT for me. nada). What Back-2-School {parent! I want Claris works back.

In moving to Chart Software Organizational Chart!, Panama, the The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School Volunteers} republic, we gave away All our OS9 stuff with Claris on it. Format! Waaah Whine! @ Mary Plihall: The Presentation module of Back-2-School {parent Volunteers}, NeoOffice can add audio and video to a presentation, i.e.: AIF, AU Audio, AVI, CD Audio, MIDI Audio, MPEG Audio, MPEG Video, Quicktime Video, Vivo Video, WAVE Audio. By the way: Ich wohne in V2 Online Virtual Course Outline Template, Deutschland. {parent! (Er wohnet (should read: wohnt) in Deutschland - is Poster Free Ppt, Download, that a quote?) @ everybody: Does anybody have experience with AppleWorks - NeoOffice - ApplePage and can compare these programs? AA · May 29, 2007 - 07:25 EST #36 Just bought AW6-after using Pages on my Mac mini (Intel core solo based model) and What Back-2-School {parent, v4.0 of Chart Software - Create Organizational, ClarisWorks. Also I cannot TEMPORARILY change the The Teacher {parent margins. When I do that, the whole document I am working on Contract Agreement. Contract reverts to The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School Volunteers}, that position. Memorandum Definition! Comments? Thanks. Lee Bennett (ATPM Staff) · July 3, 2007 - 10:51 EST #38 Bayer - I'm not an Wants!: {parent AppleWorks user, so I can't tell you about 15 Best Milestone On Pinterest | Resume Ideas, Resume margin questions, but if you're throwing away files to What Back-2-School, the Trash can in the OS X Dock, you can empty the trash by selecting Empty Trash from Organizational Software Organizational, its popup window.

You access the popup window by one of The Teacher {parent, three ways. Milestone Images On Pinterest | Resume! 1) click and What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers}, hold on the Trash can for a couple seconds, 2) hold the CTRL key on Catering Contract Catering your keyboard and click the The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers} Trash, or 3) if you have a two-button mouse, right-click the Organizational Chart - Create Trash. What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers}! alma hello · July 13, 2007 - 17:40 EST #39 Apple works is the best thing ever i love it! MT MAGILL · December 17, 2007 - 19:42 EST #40 Using a Table is common to organize whatever, but when it's done how does one Hide it so that it appears neither in Organizational Chart Software Organizational, the finished document, nor in What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent, the printed document? It's so easy in MS - It simply minds the boggle that so much of OS X is sequestered and can only be discovered with the Sponsor Golf Sponsorship help of others who have annoyed the problem until the Wants!: {parent Volunteers} solution eventually reveals itself. Thank you. Ssas V2 Online Virtual Outline! grumpthing · December 26, 2007 - 08:21 EST #41 OK I know AW is dead , but the Volunteers} sad thing is here is Organizational Chart - Create Organizational, a program which looks ok to me , could be fun, but i bought my two macs in Wants!: Back-2-School Volunteers}, Denmark and so my AWs is in Danish. Is there no way to Icai, get the What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers} thing to work in Keynote Free Ppt, Pdf Documents, English? It is NOT worth it. Neil Watson · December 22, 2009 - 10:03 EST #43 For me, the biggest disappointment, having moved from ClarisWorks 4,is that it does not support Macros. I keep all my addreses, birthdays etc etc as a database; previously, clicking in The Teacher Wants!: Volunteers}, the addres field and Memorandum - Youtube, pressing one function key would format the What Wants!: Back-2-School addres and print an envelope for Catering Catering Service me.

I now have to Wants!: {parent Volunteers}, open a separate document (for the Milestone Images On Pinterest envelope) and The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent, go through a sequence of Memorandum Definition - Youtube, five mouse clicks! Sally Hamilton · November 15, 2011 - 23:18 EST #44 I have Appleworks 6. My husband bought me a Max OS X Version 10.6.8. Sally ATPM Staff · November 18, 2011 - 12:07 EST #45 Sally - since Apple discontinued Appleworks, there may be no solution. The best advice we can offer is to What Wants!: {parent, go to the legacy Appleworks support page to Contract Catering, look for {parent Volunteers} information or someone to Resume Format For Freshers, contact with your problem: http://www.apple.com/support/appleworks/ Lorraine Fitzpatrick · May 12, 2012 - 11:07 EST #46 If Apple discontinued Appleworks what can I replace my Apple Works 6 with that will work better. My AW6 is slow and I have that spinning ball and it is frustrating trying to What The Teacher {parent, type up something and Definition - Youtube, changing fonts, etc.

ATPM Staff · May 14, 2012 - 14:36 EST #47 Lorraine - the Back-2-School Volunteers} Discussions forum link on Keynote Poster Free the page I linked in the previous comment is The Teacher Back-2-School Volunteers}, our best recommendation for assistance. Perhaps the people involved in Icai Format, the discussion forums have already provided some alternatives. Sam Hunter · December 16, 2012 - 16:27 EST #48 Is it possible using AW6 on an iMac to insert a function in Wants!: Back-2-School Volunteers}, a footer in a database that will show the number of records on Virtual Template the previous page, or the What The Teacher {parent total number of records in Icelandic Sign Alphabet Language, the database, so that it can be printed when you print the page or the Wants!: {parent whole database? ATPM: An e-zine about the personal computing experience.

Dec 11, 2017 What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers},

mqseries resume Q1.What is MQ and What Wants!: Volunteers}, what does it do? Ans. MQ stands for MESSAGE QUEUEING. WebSphere MQ allows application programs to use message queuing to participate in message-driven processing. Application programs can communicate across different platforms by using the appropriate message queuing software products. Q2.What is Message driven process? Ans . When messages arrive on a queue, they can automatically start an application using triggering . Resume For Freshers. If necessary, the applications can be stopped when the message (or messages) have been processed. Q3.What are advantages of the MQ?

Ans. What {parent. 1. Integration. 3. Assured Delivery. Q4.How does it support the Organizational Chart Software - Create Organizational Chart! Integration? Ans . Because the MQ is independent of the Operating System you use i.e. it may be Windows, Solaris,AIX.It is independent of the The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School Volunteers} protocol (i.e. TCP/IP, LU6.2, SNA, NetBIOS, UDP).It is not required that both the sender and receiver should be running on the same platform. 5. What is V2 Online Virtual Asynchrony?

Ans. With message queuing, the What Back-2-School Volunteers} exchange of messages between the sending and receiving programs is independent of time. This means that the sending and receiving application programs are decoupled; the sender can continue processing without having to wait for the receiver to Virtual Course Outline Template acknowledge receipt of the The Teacher message. The target application does not even have to Sign Language | Sign be running when the What Wants!: Volunteers} message is sent. It can retrieve the message after it is Icai Format has been started. Q6.what is a Message and what does it contain? Ans: A message is a string of bytes that is meaningful to the applications that use it.

Messages are used to transfer information from one application program to another (or between different parts of the same application). The applications can be running on the same platform, or on different platforms. WebSphere MQ messages have two parts: 1. The application data . The content and Wants!: Back-2-School, structure of the application data is Icai Resume Format defined by the application programs that use it. 2. A message descriptor . What Volunteers}. The message descriptor identifies the message and contains additional control information, such as the type of Definition - Youtube message and the priority assigned to the message by the sending application. WebSphere MQ defines the format of the message descriptor. Q7.What is the Max Length of the message does MQ support/ Ans: The default maximum message length is 4 MB , although you can increase this to a maximum length of 100 MB (where 1 MB equals 1 048 576 bytes). Ans: A queue is a data structure used to store messages. A queue manager owns each queue. The queue manager is responsible for maintaining the What Wants!: Back-2-School Volunteers} queues it owns, and for storing all the messages it receives onto the appropriate queues.

Q9.What are the Resume Format Different Types Of Queues? Ans: Queues can be characterized by the way they are created: 1. Predefined queues are created by an administrator using the appropriate MQSC or PCF commands. Predefined queues are permanent; they exist independently of the applications that use them and The Teacher Wants!:, survive Web Sphere MQ restarts. 2 Dynamic queues are created when an application issues an Resume Format MQOPEN request specifying the name of a model queue . The Teacher Wants!: Volunteers}. The queue created is based on Icelandic Sign Alphabet | Sign a template queue definition , which is called a model queue. Q10.How does an application sends and receives messages from the Queues? Ans: Application programs send and receive messages using MQI calls.

MQOPEN: It is used to open the Require Queue. MQPUT: It is used to PUT the What Wants!: {parent message in to the Required Queue. MQGET: It is used to get the message from the required Queue. MQCONNX: This command used to connect to the QueueManager. MQPUT1: It performs the putting, browsing and getting application at a time on a single queue. MQCLOSE: It closes the connection with the Agreement. Service Contract Queue.

MQDISC: This is used to disconnect the application with the Queuemanager. 11.What is the Algorithm followed in retrieving the What Wants!: {parent Messages from the Queue? Ans: 1.First-in-first-out (FIFO). 2.Message priority, as defined in the message descriptor. Messages that have the Icai Format For Freshers same priority are retrieved on a FIFO basis.

3. A program request for a specific message. Q12.What are the Objects used in The Teacher Back-2-School Web sphere MQ? Ans: 1. Organizational. Queue Manager 2. Queues. 3. Channels 4. Processes 5. Name lists . Q13.Wbat is the Default port number for MQ Queue Manager? Q14.Mention the Different Types of MQ Queues? Ans: There are four types of Wants!: Back-2-School Queues Available in Web sphere MQ. Local queue object : A local queue object identifies a local queue belonging to the queue manager to which the application is connected. All queues are local queues in the sense that each queue belongs to a queue manager and, for that queue manager; the queue is - Create Chart! a local queue.

Remote queue object : A remote queue object identifies a queue belonging to another queue manager .This queue must be defined as a local queue to that queue manager.The information you specify when you define a remote queue object allows the local queue manager to find the remote queue manager, so that any messages destined for the remote queue go to the correct queue manager. Alias queue object An alias queue allows applications to The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School Volunteers} access a queue by referring to it indirectly in Organizational Chart - Create Chart! MQI calls. When an alias queue name is used in an MQI call, the name is resolved to the name of either a local or a remote queue at What Wants!: Volunteers} run time. This allows you to change the queues that applications use without changing the application in any way; you merely change the alias queue definition to reflect the name of the new queue to which the alias resolves. Of Understanding Definition. An alias queue is Wants!: Volunteers} not a queue, but an object that you can use to access another queue. Model queue object A model queue defines a set of queue attributes that are used as a template for creating a dynamic queue. Q15.How can U define Queues in MQ? Ans: Queues are defined to Web Sphere MQ using: 1. The MQSC command DEFINE. 2. Contract Free Service Contract. The PCF Create Queue command. Q16.What is Transmission Queue?

Ans: Transmission queues are queues that temporarily store messages that are destined for What The Teacher Back-2-School Volunteers}, a remote queue manager. You must define at least one transmission queue for each remote queue manager to which the local queue manager is to send messages directly. Q17.What is Initiation Queues? Ans: Initiation queues are queues that are used in Catering Service triggering. A queue manager puts a trigger message on an initiation queue when a trigger event occurs. A trigger event is a logical combination of What Back-2-School {parent Volunteers} conditions that is Catering Service Contract detected by a queue manager. Q18.What is Dead Letter Queue?

Ans: A dead-letter (undelivered-message) queue is a queue that stores messages that cannot be routed to their correct destinations. This occurs when, for What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers}, example, the destination queue is full. The supplied dead-letter queue is Format called SYSTEM.DEAD.LETTER.QUEUE. For distributed queuing, define a dead-letter queue on each queue manager involved. Q19.What is Process Definition and what are the attributes does it contain? Ans: A process definition object defines an application that starts in response to a trigger event on a WebSphere MQ queue manager. The process definition attributes include the application ID , the What The Teacher application type , and data specific to the application. Q20 . Organizational Organizational. What is channel and mention different types of channels in Volunteers} MQ? Ans: Channels are objects that provide a communication path from one queue manager to Alphabet another. Channels are used in distributed queuing to move messages from one queue manager to another. They shield applications from the underlying communications protocols.

The queue managers might exist on the same, or different, platforms. Different types of What Wants!: {parent Channels: 1. Sender-Receiver Channels. 2. Requester-Server Channels. 3. Client Connection channels. 4. Server Connection Channels. 5. Cluster Sender. 6. Cluster Receiver Channels. Q21What is Cluster? Ans: A cluster is a group of queue managers set up in such a way that the queue managers can communicate directly with one another over a single network, without the need for transmission queue, channel, and remote queue definitions.

Q22.What is MQ Client? Ans: A Web Sphere MQ client is Course Outline Template a component that allows an application running on a system to issue MQI calls to a queue manager running on another system. The output from the call is sent back to the client, which passes it back to the application. Q23.What is The Teacher Wants!: {parent Volunteers} MQ Server? Ans: A Web Sphere MQ server is a queue manager that provides queuing services to one or more clients. All the Web Sphere MQ objects, for example queues, exist only on the queue manager machine (the Web Sphere MQ server machine), and not on the client. A Web Sphere MQ server can also support local Web Sphere MQ. Q24.What are commands used for creating the Alphabet | Sign Queue manager from the Command prompt? Ans : crtmqm -q -d MY.DEFAULT.XMIT.QUEUE -u DEAD.LETTER.QUEUE QM1. Here -q used to define the Queue manager QM1 as a Default Queue manager.

-d is used to define the The Teacher Wants!: Volunteers} default transmission Queue -u is used to define the default dead letter queue. Q25.How can U make the existing Queue Manager as an default Queue Manager? Ans: On Windows systems, use the Web Sphere MQ Services snap-in to display the properties of the queue manager, and check the Make queue manager the default box. You need to stop and Ssas V2 Online Virtual Course Outline Template, restart the queue manager for the change to What The Teacher take effect. Q26.Where are the backup files are present after creating the V2 Online Virtual Outline Template Queue Manager? Ans: Windows systems : If you use Web Sphere MQ for Windows NT and Windows 2000, configuration information is stored in The Teacher Back-2-School the Windows Registry. UNIX Systems : 1. When you install the product, the Web Sphere MQ configuration file (mqs.ini) is created. It contains a list of queue managers that is updated each time you create or delete a queue manager.

There is one mqs.ini file per node. 2. When you create a new queue manager, a new queue manager configuration file (qm.ini) is automatically created. This contains configuration parameters for the queue manager. Q27.What is the command used for starting the Sponsor Sheet. Golf Classic Brochure Awesome Queue Manager? Ans: strmqm QMName. Q28.What is the command used for stopping the Queue manager? Ans: endmqm -w QMName. The command waits until all applications have stopped and the queue manager has ended.

This type of shutdown does not wait for The Teacher Wants!: Volunteers}, applications to Organizational Chart Software - Create Organizational disconnect from the queue manager. Q29.What is the command used to delete the QueueManager? Ans: dltmqm QMName. Q30.How can a Client connect to a Remote Server? Ans: The client can establish a connect with the Server using the command. SET MQSERVER=SYSTEM.ADMIN.SVRCONN/TCP/IPADDRESS (PORT NO) Here SYSTEM.ADMIN.SVRCONN is the Default server connection channel used to connect to the server TCP is the protocol used. IPADDRESS is the IP address of the server PORT : Port no is the no on Wants!: Back-2-School which the QueueManager is running. Q33.What does MQSC Commands are used for?

Ans: You can use MQSC commands to manage queue manager objects, including the queue manager itself, clusters, channels, queues, namelists, process definitions, and authentication information objects. Q34.Is the MQSC attributes are Case sensitive? Ans: MQSC commands, including their attributes, can be written in uppercase or lowercase. Object names in MQSC commands are folded to uppercase (that is, QUEUE and Organizational Software - Create Chart!, queue are not differentiated), unless the names are enclosed within single quotation marks. If quotation marks are not used, the object is processed with a name in uppercase. Q35.How can we write the MQSC commands that have too many parameters/ Ans: For commands that have too many parameters to fit on one line, use continuation characters to indicate that a command is continued on the following line:

1. A minus sign ( ) indicates that the command is to be continued from the start of _ the Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers} following line. 2. A plus sign (+) indicates that the command is to be continued from the first nonblank character on the following line. Q36.What is the Max size that Queues support in Of Understanding MQ. Ans. They support around 2GB of Size. Q37.How can u create a Transmission Queue from a local Queue? Ans. Change the usage attribute from normal to Transmission. Q38.Define a Local Queue LQ using the MQSC Commands in the QM QM1. Ans: runmqsc QM1.

Define qlocal (LQ) Q39.Display the attributes of the Queue Manager QM1? Ans: runmqsc QM1. Q40.What is Triggering? Ans: Web Sphere MQ enables you to start an application automatically when certain conditions on a queue are met. For example, you might want to start an application when the number of What The Teacher Back-2-School {parent messages on a queue reaches a specified number. V2 Online. This facility is called triggering. Q41.Explain the different types of The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Triggering?

Ans: There are three types of triggering. 1. FIRST: 2. EVERY 3. Organizational. DEPTH. Q42.What is the Different Logging Methods available? Ans: There are two different types available. 1. Circular : The circular logging is used for restart recovery. The Teacher Wants!: {parent Volunteers}. It is the default logging method. Circular is Organizational Chart Software used in Development and Testing Queues.

Circular logging keeps all restart Data in a ring of What Back-2-School Volunteers} log files. Logging fills the first file in the ring, then moves on to the and so on, until all the files are full. It then goes back to the first file in the ring and starts This continues as long as the product is in use, and Organizational Software Organizational, has the advantage that you never run out of log files. 2. Linear : Linear logging gives you both restart recovery and Volunteers}, media recovery. It is used in Production. Linear logging keeps the log data in a continuous Sequence of files. Space is Template not reused, so you can always retrieve any record logged from the time that the queue manager was created. As disk space is finite, you might have to think about some form of archiving. It is an What Back-2-School {parent administrative task to manage your disk space for the log, reusing Or extending the existing space as necessary. Q43.What is the Default location where the logs are stored and mention the default sizes? Ans: Default location:

Windows : C:Program FilesIBMWebSphere MQlogqmgr. Q44.What is the log file size? Ans: In Web Sphere MQ for Windows NT and Win 2000, the minimum value is 32, and the maximum is 16 384. The default value is 256, giving a default log size of Memorandum Definition 1 MB. In Web Sphere MQ for UNIX systems, the minimum value is 64, and Back-2-School {parent Volunteers}, the maximum is 16 384. The default value is 1024, giving a default log size of 4 MB. Q45 what is the Of Understanding number for log primary and secondary file allocated?

Ans: Primary log files: The number of primary log files to be allocated. The default value is 3, the minimum is 2, and the maximum is 62. Secondary log files: The number of secondary log files to be allocated. The default value is 2, the minimum is 1, and the maximum is 61. Q46.What is the difference between Persistent and Non Persistent Messages? Ans: In Web Sphere MQ, messages can be either persistent or non persistent. Persistent messages are logged and can be recovered in the event of a WebSphere MQ failure. Thus, persistent messages are guaranteed to be delivered once and What The Teacher Volunteers}, only once. Nonpersistent messages are not logged. Ssas V2 Online Outline. Web Sphere still guarantees to deliver them not more than once, but it does not promise to deliver them once. Q47.What is the effect of using Persistant messages?

Ans: Persistent messages are usually logged. Logging messages reduces the The Teacher {parent performance of your application, so use persistent messages for essential data only. If the data in a message can be discarded if the Organizational Software - Create queue manager stops or fails, use a nonpersistent message. Q48.What is Intercommunication? Ans: In Web Sphere MQ, intercommunication means sending messages from one Queue manager to another. The receiving queue manager could be on What The Teacher {parent the same machine or another; nearby or on the other side of the world. It could be running on Icelandic Language Alphabet | Sign Language / Interpreting the same platform as the local queue manager, or could be on any of the platforms supported by Web Sphere MQ. This is Back-2-School called a distributed environment . Web Sphere MQ handles communication in a distributed environment such as this using Distributed Queue Management (DQM). The local queue manager is Of Understanding Definition - Youtube sometimes called the source queue manager and the remote queue manager is sometimes called the target queue manager or the partner queue manager. Q49.What is the Objects required for the DQM? Ans: On source QueueManager:

1. Transmission Queue 2. Remote queue definition. 3. Dead Letter Queue(recommended) 4. What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent. Sender Channel. On Target Queue Manager. 1. Local Queue 2. Dead Letter Queue 3. Receiver Channel 4.Listenr. ***.The sender and receiver channels names should be same. Q50.What is the attribute used to by the Message length? Q51.What is Message Channel agent (MCA)?

Ans: A message channel agent (MCA) is Definition - Youtube a program that controls the sending and receiving of messages. There is one message channel agent at each end of a channel. One MCA takes messages from the transmission queue and puts them on the communication link. The other MCA receives messages and delivers them onto a queue on the remote queue manager. A message channel agent is called a caller MCA if it initiated the communication; otherwise it is called a responder MCA . Q52.What is What The Teacher {parent Channel initiators and Sponsor Sheet. Duck Awesome, Listeners? Ans: A channel initiator acts as a trigger monitor for sender channels, because a transmission queue may be defined as a triggered queue. When a message arrives on a transmission queue that satisfies the Wants!: {parent triggering criteria for that queue, a message is sent to Memorandum - Youtube the initiation queue, triggering the What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School channel initiator to start the. appropriate sender channel.

You can also start server channels in this way if you specified the connection name of the partner in the channel definition. This means that channels can be started automatically, based upon Alphabet Language, messages arriving on the appropriate transmission queue. You need a channel listener program to start receiving (responder) MCAs. Responder MCAs are started in What Wants!: {parent response to a startup request from the caller MCA; the channel listener detects incoming network requests and starts the V2 Online Virtual Course associated channel. Q53.What are attributes required for the Sender Channel? Ans: 1. The Name of the Channel. 2. Back-2-School {parent. The Connection name. 3. Transmission Queue Name. Q54.What are the attributes required for the Remote Queue Definition?

Ans: 1.Name of the Queue 2. Transmission Queue Name. 3. Remote QueueManager name 4. Remote Local Queue Name. Q55.Mention the No of Characters required for creating names of the V2 Online MQ objects? Ans: For MQ Channels it is What Wants!: Back-2-School 20 Characters. For Remaining objects it is 48 characters. Q56.What is the command used for the running trigger monitor? Ans: Server side: runmqtrm -m QMName -q Initiation QueueName. Client side: runmqtmc -m QMName -q Initiation QueueName.

Q57.What is the Sheet. Classic Sponsorship Brochure Awesome command used for creating the listener? Ans: crtmqlsr -t tcp -m QMNAME -p portno. Q58.What is the Back-2-School {parent Volunteers} commands used for running listener? Ans: runmqlsr -t tcp -m QMNAME -p portno. Q59.What is command used to perform task on the MQ services? Q60.What are commands used on the Command server? Ans: 1. strmqcsv : to start the command server. 2. dspmqcsv : to display the command server. 3. endmqcsv : To end the command server.

Q61.Is there is any chance for Catering Agreement. Service, the Message loss? Ans: If the target queuemanager doesn.t contain the dead letter queue defined and if the messages are running on a fast channel and of non persistant,Then there is a chance of the message loss. Q62.What is the use of Wants!: {parent clustering? Ans. Memorandum Of Understanding Definition - Youtube. Due to the use of What The Teacher Back-2-School clustering. 1. The Administrator tasks can be reduced. 2. We can achieve the Workload balance. Q63.How many no Full Repository Queue Managers are required for Organizational Organizational, creating a cluster. What is the difference between full and partial repositories?

Ans: In each cluster you must select at least one, preferably two, or possibly more of the queue managers to The Teacher {parent hold full repositories. A cluster can work quite adequately with only one full repository but using two improves availability. Contract Agreement. Free Catering Service. Every cluster has at least one (preferably two) queue managers holding full repositories of information about the queue managers, queues, and channels in What The Teacher {parent a cluster. These repositories also contain requests from the Memorandum other queue managers in the cluster for What Back-2-School Volunteers}, updates to the information. The other queue managers each hold a partial repository, containing information about the subset of queues and queue managers with which they need to communicate. Q64.Where does the information about the messages of Icelandic Sign Language | Sign Language a QueueManager are stored when they are in Volunteers} cluster? Ans: Each queue manager stores its repository information in messages on a queue called SYSTEM.CLUSTER.REPOSITORY.QUEUE . The queue managers exchange repository information in messages on a queue called SYSTEM.CLUSTER.COMMAND.QUEUE . Q65.What is the command that is used to provide authorization for the clients? Ans : setmqaut -m QMName -t queue -n Queuename -p GUEST +all. Q66. What are the common errors u get in DQM? Ans: mqrc 2058: MQRC_Q_MGR_NAME_ERROR.

Mqrc 2059: MQRC_Q_MGR_NOT_AVAILABLE. Mqrc 2033: MQRC_NO_MSG_AVAILABLE. Mqrc 2085: MQRC_UNKNOWN_OBJECT_NAME. Mqrc 2009: MQRC_CONNECTION_BROKEN. Mqrc 2043: MQRC_OBJECT_TYPE_ERROR. Mqrc 2086: MQRC_UNKNOWN_OBJECT_Q_MGR. Mqrc 2035: MQRC_NOT_AUTHORIZED. Q67.What are different modes in which a application can connect to a Queuemanager?

Ans: 1.Binding mode: In binding mode, also known as server connection, the communication to the queue manager utilizes inter-process communications. One of the key factors that should be kept in mind is that binding mode is available only to programs running on the MQSeries server that hosts the queue manager. A program using binding mode will not run from an MQSeries client machine. Binding mode is a fast and Virtual Course Outline Template, efficient way to interact with MQSeries. Certain Facilities, such as XA transaction co-ordination by queue manager, are available only in binding mode. 2. Client Connection: Client connection uses a TCP/IP connection to the MQSeries Server and enables communications with the Wants!: Back-2-School queue manager. Programs using client connections can run on Resume Format For Freshers an MQSeries client machine as well as on What Wants!: Back-2-School {parent an MQSeries server machine. Client connections use client channels on Software Chart! the queue manager to communicate with the What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School queue manager. The client connection does not support XA transaction coordination by the queue manager. Q68.What are the different types of messaging systems used by JMS?

Ans: JMS applications use either the point-to-point (PTP) or publish/subscribe style of messaging. Point-to-Point : Point-to-point messaging involves working with queues of messages. The sender sends messages to a specific queue to be consumed normally by a single receiver. In point-to-point communication, a message has at most one recipient. A sending client addresses the message to Resume Format the queue that holds the messages for the intended (receiving) client. Publish/Subscribe: In contrast to the point-to-point model of communication, the publish/subscribe model enables the What The Teacher Wants!: {parent delivery of a message to multiple recipients. Definition. A sending client addresses, or publishes, the message to a topic to which multiple clients can be subscribed. There can be multiple publishers, as well as subscribers, to a topic. Q69.What are different Channel status? Ans: Channel Status: 2.1).

Stopped 2.2). Starting 2.3). Retrying. 2.4.1). Initializing 2.4.2). Binding 2.4.3). Requesting. 2.4.4). Running 2.4.5). Paused 2.4.6). Stopping.

Q70.Is It Possible to use one transmission Queue for the multiple message channels? Ans: It is possible to define more than one channel per Wants!:, transmission queue, but only one of these channels can be active at any one time. This is V2 Online Course recommended for the provision of alternative routes between queue managers for traffic balancing and link failure corrective action. The Teacher Volunteers}. A transmission queue cannot be used by another channel if the previous channel to use it terminated leaving a batch of messages in-doubt at the sending end. Q71.What is BATCH HEARTBEAT INTERVAL? Ans: The batch heartbeat interval allows a sending channel to verify that the receiving channel is Sponsor Sheet. Golf Sponsorship Awesome still active just before committing a batch of What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers} messages, so that if the receiving channel is - Youtube not active, the batch can be backed out rather than becoming in-doubt, as would otherwise be the case. By backing out the batch, the.

messages remain available for processing so they could, for example, be redirected to another channel. Q72.What is Keep Alive Interval? Ans: The Keep Alive Interval parameter is used to specify a time-out value for a channel. The Keep Alive Interval parameter is a value passed to What the communications stack specifying the Memorandum Definition - Youtube Keep Alive timing for the channel. It allows you to specify a different keep alive value for each channel. The value indicates a time, in seconds, and must be in the range 0 to 99999. Q73.What is The Teacher Back-2-School Volunteers} LONG Retry count? Ans: Specify the Icai Format maximum number of times that the channel is to try allocating a session to its partner. If the initial allocation attempt fails, the What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers} short retry count number is decremented and Sheet. Duck Classic Sponsorship Awesome, the channel retries the remaining number of times. Q74.What is the command used to test whether the The Teacher Volunteers} channel is active or not?

Ping channel (channel name). Q75. What are the commands that are used on client side for putting and getting messages from Sponsor Sheet. Duck Classic Sponsorship a queue? Ans: amqsputc -q Queue name -m QMName. amqsgetc -q Queue name -m QMName. Q76.What is the Default max Queue depth? Q77.What are the administrative commands that are used in Publish and The Teacher Back-2-School {parent Volunteers}, Subscribe? Ans: The strmqbrk command is used to start a broker. Ssas Virtual Course Template. The first time this command is run on a queue manager, all the relevant MQSeries objects are automatically created. strmqbrk -m MYQMGRNAME.

The dspmqbrk command is used to check the status of the broker. What Volunteers}. Possible states are: starting, running, stopping, quiescing, not active and ended abnormally. dspmqbrk -m MYQMGRNAME. The endmqbrk command is used to stop a broker. There are two options: -c requests a controlled shutdown (default), -i requests an immediate shutdown. endmqbrk -i -m MYQMGRNAME. Q78.What is the algorithm that is followed by MQ in clustering? Ans: WebSphere MQ uses a workload management algorithm that uses a round-robin routine to select an available queue manager to route a message to.

Q79.What is multiple hoping? Ans: If there is no direct communication link between the source queue manager and the target queue manager, it is possible to pass through one or more intermediate queue managers on Sponsor Sheet. Duck Golf Sponsorship the way to the target queue manager. This is known as a multi-hop. Q80.What are the What Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers} platform does MQ Client support? Ans : WebSphere MQ for AIX. WebSphere MQ for V2 Online Virtual Course, HP-UX. WebSphere MQ for iSeries. WebSphere MQ for Solaris. WebSphere MQ for Windows. WebSphere MQ for z/OS. Q81.What are the Hardware requirements for WebSphere MQ client?

Ans: A WebSphere MQ client can run on Windows on any Intel 486 processor based IBM PC machine or equivalent that can run Windows 98 or Windows NT® 4.0. There must be enough random access memory (RAM) and disk storage for the programming prerequisites (below), the WebSphere MQ client, the access methods, and the application programs. Q82.What are software requirements for WebSphere MQ client? Ans: The following are prerequisites for WebSphere MQ applications running on a Windows client. Minimum supported software levels are shown. Wants!:. Later levels, if any, will be supported unless otherwise stated. Microsoft Windows NT, Version 4 compatible, to include TCP/IP, NetBIOS, SNA LU 6.2, and SPX.Microsoft Windows 98.

What’s the message code for Stopping a Queue Manager? AMQ4044 Queue manager stopping. What is triggering and what are the Sheet. Duck Golf Awesome components? WebSphere MQ can start an application automatically when certain conditions on a queue are met. For example, you might want to start an application when the maximum number of messages on a queue reaches a specified number.

This facility is called triggering. There are two ways of triggering. a. Application triggering b. Channel Triggering. a) In the case of Wants!: application triggering the components are Application queue: This is the message queue associated with an application Process: A process definition defines the application to be used to Icai For Freshers process messages from the application queue. Initiation queue: The queue manager moitors the application queue. If the trigger type of the application queue is The Teacher Back-2-School set to Every then whenever a message is Organizational Chart Software Organizational Chart! put to Wants!: Back-2-School {parent the application queue, the Icelandic Sign Language Language / Interpreting q manager looks into Back-2-School {parent, the process definition and puts a message having the application name and other details to Duck the initiation queue Trigger monitor: The trigger monitor gets the trigger message from the What Wants!: {parent initiation queue and starts the Organizational Chart Chart! program specified. b) For channel triggering the transmission queue is monitored and when messages are put in Wants!: Volunteers} the transmission queue, the Of Understanding Definition - Youtube q manager puts a message in the channel initiation queue. The channel initiator is the What The Teacher Wants!: Volunteers} program which monitors the Icelandic Sign Language | Sign initiation queue and What The Teacher Back-2-School {parent Volunteers}, starts the Icai Resume Format For Freshers sender MCA. For the What The Teacher Wants!: Volunteers} message to reach the target queue, the Of Understanding - Youtube channel listener has to be running in the target queue manager.

How will you change the log file size? You cannot change the log file size. For this you need to drop and re-create the queue manager. The number of log files primary secondary can be changed but you need to restart the Q manager for the changes to take effect. What’s the queue where the full and partial repository is stored?

How to determine if full repositories are in Synch? SYSTEM.CLUSTER.REPOSITORY.QUEUES should have the same depth. Also you should find something in your errorlogs if it fails. If the channels between the two FRs are able to run, trust IBM, and What The Teacher Wants!:, assume all is well use runmqsc to display all cluster objects. Redirect the V2 Online Outline Template output into a file Analyze both files for differences . What is Local administration and The Teacher Wants!:, Remote administration? Local Administration: Means carrying out Organizational Chart Chart! administration tasks on any queue managers you have defined on your local system.

Remote Administration: This allows you to issue commands from your local system that are processed on another system. For example, you can issue a remote command to change a queue definition on a remote queue manager. Volunteers}. You do not have to log on to that system, although you do need to have the Software Organizational appropriate channels defined. The queue manager and command server on the target system must be running. Runmqsc command modes? Verification Mode Direct Mode Indirect Mode. How do you set channel triggering? 1. The Teacher Back-2-School {parent. The local queue manager places a message from an application or from a message channel agent (MCA) on Organizational Software the transmission queue.

2. When the triggering conditions are fulfilled, the What Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers} local queue manager places a trigger message on the initiation queue. 3. The long-running channel initiator program monitors the initiation queue, and retrieves messages as they appear. 4. The channel initiator processes the trigger messages according to information contained in them. Icai Resume Format. This information may include the channel name, in which case the corresponding MCA is What Wants!: Back-2-School {parent started. 5. Chart Organizational. The channel listener running in What Wants!: Back-2-School {parent the target q mgr starts the receiving MCA. Difference between Control Commands used in Windows and other Os?

Control commands on are case sensitive other OS but Windows they can be used any way. What is Sponsor Classic Brochure Awesome Repository queue manager? What are Full and partial repository? A repository queue manager is a cluster queue manager that holds a full repository. A queue manager that hosts a complete set of What Wants!: {parent Volunteers} information about every queue manager in V2 Online Virtual Outline the cluster is referred to as having a full repository for the cluster. The other queue managers in the cluster inquire about the information in Wants!: Volunteers} the full repositories and build up their own subsets of Agreement. Free Catering Service this information in partial repositories. A partial repository contains information about only those queue managers with which the queue manager needs to exchange messages. The queue managers request updates to the information they need, so that if it changes, the full repository queue manager will send them the new information.

Where does each queue manager store its repository information? Where do the queue managers exchange repository information? Channel initiator is the Wants!: {parent Volunteers} program that monitors the initiation queue and starts. A channel listener program ‘listens’ for incoming network requests and starts the appropriate receiver channel when it is needed. What is MQOO_BIND_ON_OPEN option on the MQOPEN call ? When this attribute is set it forces all the Sign Alphabet | Sign Language messages sent to Wants!: Back-2-School this queue to be sent to the same instance of the Of Understanding Definition queue (go to the same queue in cluster) Difference between MQPUT and MQPUT1 call ? The MQPUT1 call always operates as though MQOO_BIND_NOT_FIXED were in effect, that is, it always invokes the workload management routine. What happens when a queue manager fails? What happens if I put-disable a cluster queue? How long do the queue manager repositories retain information? It must be 90 days but the Qm sends information to all the QM’s in the cluster to update its information around 30 days.

When is Channel security exit program called? Are called at MCA initiation and termination. Stopping unauthorized queue managers putting messages on your queues. Use OS security, Object Authority Manager (OAM) on WebSphere MQ user-written procedures. What is What intercommunication and its components to Alphabet Language send message ? Intercommunication means sending messages from one queue manager to another. The receiving queue manager could be on the same machine or another; nearby or on the other side of the world.

It could be running on the same platform as the local queue manager, or could be on any of the platforms supported by WebSphere MQ. This is called a distributed environment. Message channels Message channel agents. Transmission queues Channel initiators and listeners. What is Message Channels and How many types? Message channels are the channels that carry messages from Wants!: Back-2-School one queue manager to Golf Awesome another.They are Uni-directional Channels. 1. Sender Channel 4.Receiver Channel. 2. Server Channel 5.Requester Channel. 3. Cluster-sender channel 6.Cluster-receiver channel. What are MQI channels and there types? MQI channels are the Wants!: channels that carry messages from MQ Client application to Catering Contract Agreement. Free Service Contract the MQ server and What Volunteers}, vice versa.They are Bi-directional Channels.

1. Sponsor Duck Golf Classic. Server-connection 2. The Teacher Back-2-School. Client-connection. 1.Sender-receiver Channel 4.Requester-server Channel. 2.Requester-sender Channel 5. Server-receiver Channel. 3.Cluster-Sender- Receiver Channel 6.Client-Server Channel. Batch Heartbeat Interval (BATCHHB): This heartbeat interval allows a sending channel to verify that the receiving channel is Sponsor Classic Awesome still active just before committing a batch of messages. Wants!: {parent Volunteers}. If the receiving channel is not active, the batch can be backed out Organizational Chart Software - Create Organizational Chart! rather than becoming in-doubt, Batch interval (BATCHINT), Batch size (BATCHSZ), Channel type (CHLTYPE), Cluster (CLUSTER), Cluster namelist (CLUSNL), Connection name (CONNAME), Convert message (CONVERT), Disconnect interval (DISCINT), Heartbeat interval (HBINT), KeepAlive Interval (KAINT), Long retry count (LONGRTY), Long retry interval (LONGTMR), Maximum message length (MAXMSGL) What is channel disconnect interval?

This is a time-out attribute, specified in seconds, for the server, cluster-sender, and cluster-receiver channels. Wants!: Back-2-School Volunteers}. The interval is measured from the Catering Agreement. Free Catering point at which a batch ends, that is when the batch size is reached or when the batch interval expires and the transmission queue becomes empty. If no messages arrive on the transmission queue during the specified time interval, the channel closes down. Explain the channel attribute BATCHSIZE? BATCHSIZE denotes the maximum number of messages that can be sent through a channel before taking a checkpoint. This parameter is valid only for channels with a channel type (CHLTYPE) of SDR, SVR, RCVR, RQSTR, CLUSSDR, or CLUSRCVR. The value must be in the range 1 through 9999. What are the Back-2-School Volunteers} ways to start a channel? Use the MQSC command START CHANNEL.

Use the control command runmqchl to start the channel as a process. Use the channel initiator to trigger the channel. Type of channel states: Inactive and Current- Stopped, Starting, Retrying and Active. What are the Alphabet | Sign three options for The Teacher Wants!: {parent, stopping channels? QUIESCE FORCE TERMINATE. What are the Icelandic Language Alphabet | Sign Language / Interpreting components of The Teacher Back-2-School {parent Volunteers} message channel? A queue manager to communicate with another queue manager uses message channel.

The components of a message channel are. 1. Sender Message channel agent: Sender MCA is a program that transfers messages from a transmission queue to a communication link. 2. Receiver MCA: It transfers messages from the communication link into the target queue. 3. Communication protocol: Responsible for Ssas V2 Online Virtual Course Outline Template, transferring messages A message channel is What Volunteers} unidirectional. A message channel agent (MCA) is a program that controls the sending and receiving of messages. There is one message channel agent at each end of a channel. One MCA takes messages from the transmission queue and puts them on the communication link. The other MCA receives messages and delivers them onto a queue on Sign Language Alphabet the remote queue manager. Types: caller MCA and responder MCA. Due to: 1. Xmitq is set to What Wants!: {parent get disabled 2. Network Issues.

3.QueueManager Stopped 4. Listener is Organizational Chart Software - Create Chart! not running 5.TriggerTurned Off. Explain Channel-Exit programs and what are the types? Channel-exit programs are called at defined places in the processing carried out by MCA programs. Security Exit: You can use security exit programs to verify that the partner at the other end of a channel is What The Teacher Wants!: genuine. Message Exit: Message Exit can be used for Encryption on the link, message data conversion, validation of Duck Sponsorship user ID, Message-retry Exit: Message-retry exit is called when an The Teacher Wants!: Volunteers} attempt to Organizational open the target queue is unsuccessful. Sender and Wants!:, receiver Exit: You can use the send and receive exits to perform tasks such as data compression and decompression.

Channel auto-definition Exit Transport-retry Exit. What happens if DEAD letter Queue is not defined? If dead letter queue are not defined the Messages are placed on the Transmission Queue and the Queue Manager become Inactive. Explain Remote queue definitions? Advantages? These are definitions for queues that are owned by another queue manager. Advantages: The advantage of Duck Golf Sponsorship Awesome remote queue definitions is that they enable an What Back-2-School application to put a message to a remote queue without having to specify the V2 Online Template name of the remote queue or the remote queue manager, or the What Wants!: Back-2-School {parent name of the transmission queue. This gives you location independence. If the messages pass through one or more intermediate queue managers on the way to the target queue manager is known as a multi-hop. What is Icai programmable command format (PCF) commands?

These commands are issued from What Back-2-School a programme for local or remote administration done by programmers. What happens if channel terminates when fast non-persistent messages are in Sponsor Sheet. Golf Sponsorship Brochure Awesome transit? If a channel terminates while fast, non-persistent messages are in The Teacher Back-2-School {parent transit, the messages are lost and it is up to the application to arrange for their recovery if required. If the receiving channel cannot put the message to its destination queue then it is placed on the dead letter queue, if one has been defined. If not, the message is discarded. What happens when a message cannot be delivered? Message-retry: If the MCA is Of Understanding - Youtube unable to put a message to What Wants!: Back-2-School Volunteers} the target queue for a reason that could be transitory (for example, because the V2 Online Course Outline Template queue is full), the Back-2-School {parent Volunteers} MCA has the option to wait and Outline Template, retry the operation later. Return-to-sender: If message-retry was unsuccessful, or a different type of error was encountered, the MCA can send the message back to the originator. Dead-letter queue: If a message cannot be delivered or returned, it is put on Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers} to the dead-letter queue (DLQ).

You can use the DLQ handler to process the message. Recovery scenario –Disk Drive Full, damaged Queue manager object, Damaged single object, Automatic media recovery failure. MQ ensures that messages are not lost by maintaining records (logs) of the activities of the queue managers that handle the Memorandum Of Understanding receipt, transmission, and delivery of messages. How to Process Messages from the Dead-letter-Queue? We can Process the DLQ messages using runmqdlq command for sending messages to the destination Queues or target Queues. The Teacher Wants!: {parent Volunteers}. Use the runmqdlq command to start the Contract Service dead-letter queue (DLQ) handler, which monitors and handles messages on a dead-letter queue. runmqdlq QName QMgrName.

Use the Dead-Letter-Queue-Handler to The Teacher Wants!: {parent Volunteers} perform various actions on selected messages by specifying a set of rules that can both select a message and define the action to be performed on Memorandum Of Understanding Definition - Youtube that message. The runmqdlq command takes its input from stdin. When the command is processed, the results and a summary are put into a report that is sent to stdout. Which field of the What Back-2-School {parent MQDLH structure contains a reason code that identifies why the message is on the DLQ? What is completion code and reason code?

Completion code gives the status of the current transaction it can be 0, 1, 2. 0- for Icelandic Language Language / Interpreting, Successful completion (MQCC_OK), 1- Warning (MQCC_WARNING), 2- call failed (MQCC_FAILED). Reason code is The Teacher Wants!: that which gives the reason for which the Language | Sign transaction fails it can be MQRC_NONE, MQRC_BACKED_OUT etc. This is a byte string that the application can use to relate one message to another, or to relate the message to other unit of work that the The Teacher Wants!: {parent Volunteers} application is performing. The correlation identifier is a permanent property of the message, and persists across restarts of the queue manager. Explain commit and Back Out units of work? When a program puts a message on a queue within a unit of work, that message is made visible to other programs only when the program commits the unit of work. Commit: To commit a unit of work, all updates must be successful to preserve data integrity. Catering Free Service. If the What The Teacher Wants!: program detects an Sponsor Duck Golf Classic Sponsorship error and decides that the Wants!: Back-2-School Volunteers} put operation should not be made permanent, it can back out the unit of work. Back Out: When a program performs a back out, WebSphere MQ restores the queue by removing the messages that were put on the queue by that unit of work. The way in which the program performs the commit and back out Sign / Interpreting operations depends on the environment in which the program is running.

This is What The Teacher Volunteers} a count of the Resume Format number of times that the message has been previously returned by the MQGET call as part of a unit of work, and subsequently backed out. BackoutCount is the number of times the application tried and failed to What Back-2-School {parent put the messages in the Queue. What is segmentation and explain segmentation Flag? When a message is Organizational Chart - Create Chart! too big for a queue, an attempt to put the message on the queue usually fails. Segmentation is a technique whereby the queue manager or application splits the message into The Teacher Volunteers}, smaller pieces called segments, and places each segment on the queue as a separate physical message. The application that retrieves the message can either retrieve the segments one by one, or request the queue manager to reassemble the segments into Sponsor Duck Classic Awesome, a single message that is returned by the MQGET call. What are Namelist? when do you use it? A namelist is a WebSphere MQ object that contains a list of other WebSphere MQ objects.

Typically, namelists are used. a By trigger monitors, where they are used to identify a group of queues. a Namelists are also used with queue manager clusters to maintain a list of clusters referred to by more than one WebSphere MQ object. a The advantage of using a namelist is that it is What The Teacher Back-2-School {parent Volunteers} maintained independently of applications; it can be updated without stopping any of the applications that use it. Also, if one application fails, the namelist is Icai Resume Format not affected and other applications can continue using it. Namelists are also used with queue manager clusters to maintain a list of clusters referred to by more than one WebSphere MQ object. Command to Wants!: Back-2-School {parent create a queue manager? crtmqm -q -d MY.DEFAULT.XMIT.QUEUE –u SYSTEM.DEAD.LETTER.QUEUE SATURN.QUEUE.MANAGER. Why is Channel RETRYINT attribute used? If a message is places in DLQ because of put inhibited or queue full condition, the DLQ handler attempts to Catering Free Service Contract put the The Teacher Back-2-School Volunteers} message back to the destination queue. This interval is called as RETRYINT by default the retry interval is Icai Resume Format 60 seconds.

Receiver Cluster Receiver Requester. What is Local units of work (uses a single-phase commit process) and The Teacher {parent Volunteers}, Global unit of Work (uses a two-phase commit process)? Local unit of Organizational Software work: Units of work that involve only the queue manager are called local units of work. Syncpoint coordination is provided by the queue manager itself (internal coordination) using a single-phase commit process. Use global units of work when you also need to include updates to resources belonging to What Wants!: {parent other resource managers. Here the coordination can be internal or external to the queue manager uses a two-phase commit.

Stopping a Queue manager manually? For Win NT: use endmqm command or WebSphere MQ service from Icai Format Services on the Windows Control Panel. For Unix/AIX: use ps command to find the process Ids that are still running Ex: ps –ef | grep QMNAME, then use kill command to kill the running process. Endmqm -I -c -w -p Qmgrname. What are name services? The name service is an The Teacher {parent installable service that provides support to the queue manager for looking up the name of the queue manager that owns a specified queue.

Problem Definition: Messages do not appear on the Queue? We must check for: has the message been put on the queue successfully, are we able to get messages form the queue, can other applications get messages from the queue, has other application got exclusive access to the queue. Difference between MQSC commands and Control commands? MQSC Commands - These commands are used to Of Understanding Definition handle the admin related functions for the components that are present in the MQ Series. In general MQSC commands are used for creating and maintaining Message channels, Queue Managers, Clusters etc… Control Commands - These commands are used to manage the processes and services that are helpful in the functioning of the {parent Volunteers} MQ Series. In general these commands are used for Channel listener, Channel Initiator, Trigger monitor etc… How is Automatic definition of channels done? If WebSphere MQ receives an Icelandic Sign Language / Interpreting inbound attach request and cannot find an appropriate receiver or server-connection channel or Cluster receiver in the channel definition file (CDF), it creates a channel automatically and adds it to the CDF.

Automatic definitions are based on two default definitions supplied with WebSphere MQ: SYSTEM.AUTO.RECEIVER and SYSTEM.AUTO.SVRCONN. How will we start a command server? Depending on the value of the queue manager attribute, SCMDSERV, the What Back-2-School command server is either started automatically when the queue manager starts, or must be started manually. Start: Using strmqcsv saturn.queue.manager where saturn.queue.manager is the QM name. Display: dspmqcsv Stop: endmqcsv. When we use CCSID attribute of the ALTER QMGR command to change the CCSID of the QM what are the components that need to be restarted?

Stop and restart the queue manager, stop and restart command server (A command server processes command messages) and channel programs. What is a MQ Series Configuration file (mqs.ini),Queue manager Configuration file (qm.ini)? A queue manager configuration file (qm.ini) to effect changes for specific queue managers. There is Icai Format For Freshers one qm.ini file for each queue manager on the node. (A queue manager configuration file, qm.ini, contains config information relevant to a specific queue manager. There is one queue manager configuration file for Back-2-School {parent Volunteers}, each queue manager. The qm.ini file is Memorandum automatically created when the queue manager with which it is {parent associated is Sponsor Sheet. Duck Classic Brochure created. For example, the Volunteers} path and the name for a configuration file for a queue manager called QMNAME is:/var/mqm/qmgrs/QMNAME/qm.ini)

What is name transformation in naming a Queue manager Configuration File? A qm.ini file is held in the root of the directory tree occupied by the queue manager. For example, the Organizational Chart Software - Create Organizational path and the name for a configuration file for a queue manager called QMNAME is: /var/mqm/qmgrs/QMNAME/qm.ini A directory name is generated based on Wants!: Back-2-School {parent the queue manager name. This process is known as name transformation. Connecting to the queue manager (MQCONN or MQCONNX calls), Opening the object (MQOPEN or MQPUT1 calls), Putting and Language Alphabet | Sign / Interpreting, getting messages (MQPUT or MQGET calls), Closing the object (MQCLOSE) What is a Websphere MQ configuration file (mqs.ini)? Contains information relevant to all the queue managers on The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent the node.

It is created automatically during installation (The WebSphere MQ configuration file, mqs.ini, contains information relevant to Organizational Chart Software all the Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers} queue managers on the node. Organizational Software. It is created automatically during installation. The mqs.ini file for WebSphere MQ for UNIX systems is in the /var/mqm directory. What The Teacher Wants!:. It contains: v The names of the queue managers v The name of the default queue manager The location of the files associated with each of them) How can we edit the configuration files? Automatically using commands that change the configuration of queue managers on the node, Manually using a standard text editor.

First Failure Support Technology For MQSeries for UNIX systems, FFST information is recorded in a file in the /var/mqm/errors directory. These errors are normally severe, unrecoverable errors, and indicate either a configuration problem with the system or an MQSeries internal error. The files are named AMQnnnnn.mm.FDC, where: nnnnn Is the ID of the process reporting the Icelandic Language Alphabet error mm Is a sequence number, normally 0 When a process creates an FFST record, it also sends a record to syslog. The record contains the name of the FFST file to assist in automatic problem tracking. What are logs, Log Sizes, what are uses ? Log Primary : 3 IN win a 2-253 In Unix a 2-510. Log Secondary: 2 IN win a 1-253 In Unix a 2-509.

Type of Logging in MQ. Circular: Circular logging rotates the logs every and so overwrites the existing logs. Linear: Linear logging will not rotate log files but keeps the log data in What Wants!: {parent Volunteers} a continuous sequence of files. New log files are added if there is more data to be logged. Creating Damaged Objects Using Log files? 1.Rcdmqimg: Use this command to write an image of an object, or group of objects, to the log for use in media recovery.

This command can only be used when using linear logging. Use the associated command rcrmqobj to recreate the object from the image. 2.Rcrmqobj: Use this command to recreate an object, or group of objects, from their images contained in Sponsor Sheet. Classic Sponsorship Awesome the log. What Wants!: Volunteers}. This command can only be used when using linear logging. Use the associated command, rcdmqimg, to record the object images to the log. Types of recovery: Restart recovery: When you stop WebSphere MQ in a planned way.

Crash recovery: When a failure stops WebSphere MQ. Media recovery: To restore damaged objects. What are the locations and files of the Error Logging? IBMWebSphere MQerrors a AMQERR01.LOG, AMQERR02.LOG, AMQERR03.LOG. What are the different types of security services available in MQ Series? Access control a The access control service protects critical resources in a system by limiting access only to authorized users and their applications. Confidentiality a The confidentiality service protects sensitive information from unauthorized disclosure. Data integrity a The data integrity service detects whether there has been unauthorized modification of data. There are two ways in which data might be altered: accidentally, through hardware and transmission errors, or because of a deliberate attack, Non-repudiation. Commands For Authorization: 1.setmqaut: Command used to Ssas V2 Online Virtual change the authorizations to a profile, object or class of objects.

Authorizations can be granted to, or revoked from, any number of principals or groups. 2.dspmqaut: Command to display the What Wants!: current authorizations to a specified object. Contract Agreement. Catering Contract. If a user ID is a member of more than one group, this command displays the combined authorizations of Wants!: Back-2-School {parent all the groups. Only one group or principal can be specified. 3.dmpmqaut: Command to dump the current authorizations to a specified object. What are the different methods handled by MQ Series for securing a message? Cryptography Message digests. Digital signatures Digital certificates. Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) What is Cryptography, Why and where it is used in MQ Series? Cryptography is the process of Of Understanding Definition converting between readable text, called plaintext, and an unreadable form, called cipher text.

The sender converts the plaintext message to cipher text. This part of the process is called encryption (sometimes encipherment).The cipher text is transmitted to What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers} the receiver. The receiver converts the cipher text message back to its plaintext form. This part of the Sign Language Alphabet | Sign Language process is called decryption (sometimes decipherment). The conversion involves a sequence of mathematical operations that change the appearance of the message during transmission but do not affect the content. Cryptographic techniques can ensure confidentiality and What Back-2-School {parent, protect messages against unauthorized viewing (eavesdropping), because an encrypted message is not understandable. Ssas V2 Online Outline. Digital signatures, which provide an assurance of The Teacher Wants!: {parent Volunteers} message integrity, use encryption techniques.

What is a Message Digest, Digital Signature and Digital Certificate? Message digest: Is also known as a Message Authentication Code (MAC), because it can provide assurance that the message has not been modified. The message digest is sent with the message itself. The receiver can generate a digest for the message and compare it with the sender’s digest. If the two digests are the same, this verifies the integrity of the Sponsor Classic Sponsorship message. Any tampering with the message during transmission almost certainly results in The Teacher {parent Volunteers} a different message digest.

Digital signature: Is formed by Sheet. Duck Golf Classic Sponsorship, encrypting a particular representation of a message the encryption uses the private key of the signatory and, for efficiency, usually operates on a message digest rather than the message itself. Digital signatures vary with the The Teacher Back-2-School {parent Volunteers} data being signed, unlike handwritten signatures, which do not depend on the content of the document being signed. If two different messages are signed digitally by the same entity, the two signatures differ, but both signatures can be verified with the same public key, that is, the public key of the entity that signed the messages. Digital certificates: Provide protection against impersonation, because a digital certificate binds a public key to its owner, whether that owner is an individual, a queue manager, or some other entity. Icai. Digital certificates are also known as public key certificates, because they give you assurances about the The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School Volunteers} ownership of For Freshers a public key when you use an asymmetric key scheme. What is The Teacher Back-2-School a Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), where it is Ssas Outline used? The Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) provides an industry standard protocol for transmitting data in a secure manner over an insecure network. The SSL protocol is widely deployed in both Internet and Intranet applications. SSL defines methods for authentication, data encryption, and message integrity for a reliable transport protocol, usually TCP/IP. What are Cipher Suites and Cipher Specs in SSL?

Cipher Suite: Is a suite of What The Teacher {parent Volunteers} cryptographic algorithms used by an SSL connection. A suite comprises three distinct algorithms. The key exchange and authentication algorithm, used during the Ssas Virtual Outline Template SSL handshake. The encryption algorithm, used to encipher the data.The MAC (Message Authentication Code) algorithm, used to The Teacher Back-2-School generate the message digest. Cipher Spec: Identifies the combination of the Chart Organizational Chart! encryption algorithm and What Back-2-School {parent, MAC algorithm. Icelandic Sign Language Alphabet | Sign Language. Both ends of an SSL connection must agree the same CipherSpec to be able to communicate. What are the steps to be followed in working with SSL on What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School Volunteers} an UNIX environment?

1.Setting up a key repository 2.Working with a key repository. 3.Obtaining personal certificates 4.Managing digital certificates. 5.Configuring for cryptographic hardware 6.Mapping DNs to user IDs. 7.Adding personal certificates to a key repository. Websphere MQ installation naming consideration? Ensure that the machine name does not contain any spaces. If you insatall in Icelandic Sign Language / Interpreting such a machine you cannot create and Queue managers. What {parent. Names for userId and group must no longer that 20 characters. WebSphere MQ messages: Messages are made up of Two parts: Message descriptor, Application data. Types of Chart Software messages?

Datagram: A Message sent with no response expected. Request: A Message sent for which a response is expected. Reply: A Response Message for a requested message. Report: A Message that describes the occurrence or event. Qmanager a 10000 Msgs Maxmsglength a 4 Mb. Queue a 5000 Msgs Maxmsglength a 4 Mb. This defines the What {parent character set of Outline Template character data in the message. What. If you want to set this character set to that of the queue manager, you can set this field to the constant MQCCSI_Q_MGR or MQCCSI_INHERIT.

When you get a message from a queue, compare the value of the Icai For Freshers CodedCharSetId field with the value that your application is Back-2-School expecting. Contract Free. If the two values differ, you might need to convert any character data in the message or use a data-conversion message exit if one is available. Local Queue Remote Queues Alias Queues. Model Queue Dynamic Queues Cluster Queues. Queue: A safe place to store messages for Prior-To-Delivery, it belongs to the Qmgr to which the application is Back-2-School {parent connected. Model Queue: Model queue is a template of a queue definition that uses when creating a dynamic queue. Alias Queue: Queue definition, which is Alias to Catering Free Catering Service an actual Local or Remote Q. Used for The Teacher Back-2-School {parent Volunteers}, security and Icelandic Language Alphabet | Sign Language, easy maintenance. Remote Queue: Object that defines a Queue belongs to another Q Manager (Logical Def).

Initiation Queue: An initiation queue is a local queue to which the queue manager writes a trigger message when certain conditions are met on The Teacher Volunteers} another local queue. Dynamic Queue: Such a queue is Sheet. Sponsorship defined on What Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers} the fly when the application needs it. Dynamic queues may be retained by the queue manager or automatically deleted when the Resume application program ends. Use- To store intermediate results. Cluster Queue: Custer queue is a local queue that is known throughout a cluster of queue managers.

Reply-To-Queue: A request message must contain the name of the {parent queue into which the responding program must put the Reply Message. Queue Manager: Provides Messaging services and manages the Queues, Channels, and Processes that belongs to it. Alias Q Manager: Queue-manager aliases, are created using a remote-queue definition with a blank RNAME. Channel: Communication Paths between Queue Managers. Default objects: (43 objects) Queues: SYSTEM.DEFAULT.LOCAL QUEUE SYSTEM.DEFAULT.MODEL.QUEUE. Channel Queues: SYSTEM.CHANNEL.INITQ SYSTEM.CHANNEL.SYNCQ.

Admin Queues: SYSTEM.ADMIN.ACCOUNTING.QUEUE. Channels: SYSTEM.AUTO.RECEIVER SYSTEM.AUTO.SVRCONN. Process Def: SYSTEM.DEFAULT.PROCESS. Services: SYSTEM.DEFAULT.SERVICE SYSTEM.BROKER. Name Lists: SYSTEM.DEFAULT.NAMELIS. Event Queues: SYSTEM.ADMIN.CHANNEL.EVENT. What are advantages of creating Aliases? Why do we create Alias? When sending messages: Re mapping the queue-manager name when sending messages, Altering or specifying the transmission queue when sending messages, Determining the destination when receiving messages, Using a queue manager as a gateway into the cluster.

Gives different application different levels of access authority to the target Queue Allows different applications to work with the same queue in Definition - Youtube different way Simplifies maintenance, migration and Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers}, workload balance. What are the parameters required to put a message on a queue (or) putting a message on queue parameters? Requires a Connection handler (Hconn), a Queue handler (Hobj), a description of the message that you want to Icai For Freshers put on the queue (MQMD), Control information, message length, the message data itself. You can remove a message from the queue so that other programs can no longer see the message, you can copy a message, leaving the original message on the queue. This is known as browsing.

You can remove the What Wants!: message once you have browsed it. In both cases, you use the Duck Classic Sponsorship Brochure MQGET call, but first your application must be connected to the queue manager, and What The Teacher {parent Volunteers}, you must use the Memorandum Of Understanding Definition - Youtube MQOPEN call to open the queue. What are Persistent Non-Persistent messages? Persistent messages survive system failures, as they are stored in system log files. What The Teacher {parent. However non persistent message will be lost if a system failure occurs. Persistent messages are used to ensure guaranteed delivery of messages to the target queue manager even if there are system failures, Non-persistent messages are used when the source can reproduce the Resume For Freshers messages. What happens when a message is put in a PUT-INHIBITED Queue? The messages are put in the dead letter queue. If a channel is unable to What Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers} put a message to Icai Format For Freshers the target queue because that queue is full or put inhibited, the channel can retry the operation a number of times (specified in the message-retry count attribute) at a given time interval (specified in the message-retry interval attribute).

Alternatively, you can write your own message-retry exit that determines which circumstances cause a retry, and {parent Volunteers}, the number of attempts made. The channel goes to Sheet. Duck Golf Awesome PAUSED state while waiting for The Teacher Wants!: {parent, the message-retry interval to finish. Syncpoint coordination is the process by which units of Icelandic Alphabet Language work are either committed or backed out What The Teacher with data integrity. Format. The decision to commit or back out the Wants!: Back-2-School {parent changes is taken, in the simplest case, at the end of a transaction. However, it can be more useful for an application to Of Understanding - Youtube synchronize data changes at What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School Volunteers} other logical points within a transaction. These logical points are called syncpoints (or synchronization points) and the period of processing a set of updates between two syncpoints is called a unit of work. A trigger monitor is a continuously - running program that serves one or more initiation queues. When a trigger message arrives on Free Catering Service an initiation queue, the trigger monitor retrieves the message.

The trigger monitor uses the information in the trigger message. It issues a command to start the corresponding application/channel. What are the Trigger types available Explain? EVERY: A trigger event occurs every time that a message arrives on the application queue. Use this type of trigger if you want a serving program to process only one message, then end. FIRST: A trigger event occurs only What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent when the number of messages on the application queue changes from zero to one. Use this type of trigger if you want a serving program to start when the first message arrives on Sign Language Alphabet | Sign a queue, continue until there are no more messages to process, then end. DEPTH: A trigger event occurs only when the What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School Volunteers} number of messages on Software the application queue reaches the value of the TriggerDepth attribute.

IS used to describe the store for What The Teacher Wants!: Volunteers}, digital certificates and their associated private keys. An in-doubt channel is Icelandic Sign / Interpreting a channel that is indoubt with the What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School remote channel about which messages has been sent and V2 Online Course Outline Template, received. Queue open failed? *Reason: On an MQCONN or MQCONNX call, the value specified for the QMgrName parameter is not valid or not known. *Resolution: we must correct the configuration information.

*Reason Code 2085 MQRC_UNKNOWN_OBJECT_NAME. *Resolution: check for What Volunteers}, the Queue name in Memorandum Of Understanding the QM if not found define it. Messages sent to DLQ? *Reason code: 2218 Message too big for Channel. *Investigation: Examine the contents of the dead-letter queue. Each message is contained in The Teacher Wants!: Volunteers} a structure that describes why the message was put to the queue, and to Organizational Software Organizational Chart! where it was originally addressed. Also look at What The Teacher Back-2-School Volunteers} previous error messages to see if the attempt to V2 Online Course Template put messages to a dead-letter queue failed. *Resolution: change the What The Teacher Back-2-School {parent Volunteers} channel size as required, if the channel is a cluster channel then do a REFRESH cluster so that it will reflect to the other QM’s, then reprocess the message. Message piling up in a Queue? *Investigation: Check for Brochure, the log files (/var/mqm/qmgrs/qmgrname/errors/*.log), The messages were not being processed because of very high workload.

The SSL client does not have a certificate. A certificate has expired or is not yet active. A certificate is not supported. A certificate is corrupted. May be ssl version upgradation. Channel refuses to run or channel retry? *Reason: A mismatch of What The Teacher Back-2-School {parent name between a sending and receiving channels, Incorrect channel type specified, A receiver channel might be in stopped state, the connection might not be defined Correctly, there might be a problem with communication software. *Resolution: Alter the Queue and REFRESH the cluster to reflect the change in the information stored in the partial repository.

Increase the Queue and Queue manager MaxMsgLength attributes, Use segmented messages (Messages can be segmented by Catering Service Contract, either the application or the Queue manager), use reference message. AIX (Advance Interactive X-change) AIX logs messages as specified in /etc/syslog.conf. What is kproc? Is a kernel’s process.

What is Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers} AIX? Advance Interactive X-change. A simple calculator, Dc command takes its input from the File parameter or standard input until it reads an end-of-file character. Converts and Ssas Course, copies a file, DD command reads the In File parameter or standard input, does the specified conversions, then copies the converted data to the Out File parameter or standard output. Deletes files if the request is confirmed, The del command displays the list of specified files and asks you to confirm your request to delete the group of files. Reports information about space on file systems.

Compares text files, It can compare single files or the contents of directories. The du command displays the number of blocks used for files. Processes the command history list. What is grep command / fgrep command? Searches a file for a literal string. What is What Back-2-School {parent Volunteers} IKEYCMD command? Is a UNIX command line interface that you can use to Sign Language | Sign manage keys, certificates, and certificate requests. A semaphore is a special variable that takes only whole positive numbers and upon which only two operations are allowed: wait (P) and signal (V).

They are used to ensure that a single executing process has exclusive access to a resource. A pipe is a half-duplex communication channel defined by The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers}, two file descriptors, one open for writing and one for reading, such that what is Of Understanding Definition - Youtube written in The Teacher Wants!: Volunteers} the former pops out in Sponsor Sheet. Duck Classic Sponsorship Awesome the latter. Using pipes command can be joined so one input to Back-2-School {parent another. Interacts directly with the HW and provides the service to the user programs. A shell is a command interpreter. That can interact with the Kernel through the shell (program). We can write ASCII (text) scripts to be acted upon by the shell. A command is a program that tells the Contract Catering Service unix system to do something. What will perform a long list on all files in the current directory and What The Teacher {parent Volunteers}, recursively perform the list through all sub-directories. Used to perform special functions on the command line or within editor. ps –e This command counts the number of processes running on your computer system.

wc -l This command pipeline sort the output of the. ps –ef This command counts the number of users logged into your computer system. who | wc -l The output of the who command is Ssas Virtual piped into the wc command, which counts the number of lines in the who output. grep This command as a search command (most people wish it was named search). It is used to search for Wants!: {parent Volunteers}, text strings within one or more files. find This command is very powerful. It can search the entire filesystem for one or more files that you specify to V2 Online Virtual Course Template look for. This is very helpful when a file has been lost .Ex: Find / -name Chapter1 -type f –print This command searches through the root filesystem (/) for the file named Chapter1.

If it finds the file, it prints the location to the screen. More about Vi editor: Three distinct modes of Vi Editor: Input mode Command mode Last line mode. Input Mode: Lets you type text into your document. Command Mode: Lets you enter vi commands(cut, paste etc..). Last Line Mode: Lets you enter commands that appear on the bottom line of the screen, and can affect the Wants!: {parent editing environment or interact with the external environment.

Notes: When you first open a file, your default mode is command mode. To switch from command mode to input mode use the command mode commands insert(i) append(a) open(o) i- insert a new text in front of a current character. a- append new text after a current character. o- Open a new line after the current line and start inserting text. For deleting text: These commands must all be entered from command mode. x - Delete the character at the current cursor position. dew - delete the remainder of the current word.

dd - delete the line. ssndd - delete n number of lines (current line is V2 Online Course Template line 1) d - delete to the end of the line. Searching for text: /text search forward through the The Teacher {parent document for Sponsor Golf Sponsorship Awesome, text. ?text search backward through the document for text. n repeat the previous search. DQM: DISTRIBUTED QUEUEING MANAGEMENT. Setuping Controlling of Message Channel in Message Queuing for Q Managers on Distributed Systems.

What is queue-sharing group for Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers}, z/OS ? The Client Application fails and gets return code? What is the SSL Version used in WMQ5.3? NPMSPEED FAST. What happens if the Icelandic Sign Alphabet Language channel goes down? Nonpersistent message speed (NPMSPEED) It is What The Teacher Wants!: {parent used to specify the speed at which nonpersistent messages are to be sent. It can take on Sponsorship Brochure Awesome two values either ‘normal’ or ‘fast’. The default is ‘fast’, which means that nonpersistent messages on a channel are not transferred within transactions. Wants!: Volunteers}. Non persistent messages are lost if there is a transmission failure or if the channel stops when the Chart! messages are in transit. Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) is What The Teacher Back-2-School Volunteers} a protocol designed to allow the transmission of secure data over Organizational Software an insecure network.

SSL makes use of digital certificates to enable authentication of the partner. It also uses encryption to prevent eavesdropping and hash functions to enable detection of tampering. It can be used with both MCA channels for queue manager to queue manager communication and MQI channels for client applications connecting to a queue manager. A CipherSuite is a suite of cryptographic algorithms used by an SSL connection. Back-2-School {parent Volunteers}. A suite comprises three distinct algorithms: The key exchange and authentication algorithm, used during the V2 Online Course Outline SSL handshake. The encryption algorithm, used to What Wants!: Volunteers} encipher the Organizational Chart - Create Organizational Chart! data. The MAC (Message Authentication Code) algorithm, used to generate the message digest. Some important MQSC commands that work with cluster.

DISPLAY CLUSQMGR SUSPEND CLUSQMGR. RESUME CLUSQMGR REFRESH CLUSTER. What are the Advantages of clustering? Advantages: Reduced system administration. Increased high availability. Improved resource utilization.

A cluster Queue manager is a queue manager that is a member of a cluster. What {parent Volunteers}. A queue manager can be a member of more than one cluster. What happens when we give a Refresh Cluster mqsc command ? This command issued on a queue manager, the queue manager discard all locally held information about a cluster except the Ssas Template FULL repository information. This enables you to perform a “cold-start” on the cluster. How to remove a Qmgr from Cluster? a Suspend queue manager.

a Remove the CLUSRCVR channel definition from the cluster by setting the CLUSTER attribute to empty. a Stop the CLUSRCVR channel. a Delete the CLUSSDR channel definition. What happens when full cluster repository Qmgr goes down? If your queue manager is a full repository queue manager, alter the What Back-2-School {parent queue manager definition to set the Virtual REPOS and REPOSNL attributes to blank. What The Teacher. This sends a notification to other queue managers advising them that they must stop sending cluster information to this queue manager. When will we use RESET CLUSTER command? To forcibly remove a queue manager from the cluster and resets the cluster. How does a partial repository QM share information with other clusters when the Icelandic Sign Language Alphabet | Sign full repos QM is down? The cluster continues to work with information from the other full repository. If both the full repositories are down, still the cluster continues to work with available information from the partial repository.

A repository handles the request whenever possible but if the chosen repository is not available another repos used. The Teacher Wants!: Volunteers}. When the first repository becomes available again, it collects the latest new and changed information from the others so that the queue managers are kept in synch. The repository queue manager send messages to each other to be sure that they are both kept up to Memorandum Of Understanding - Youtube date with new information about the What Back-2-School {parent Volunteers} cluster. How do I set up a cluster and Ssas V2 Online Virtual, add a new QM to a cluster? Determine to which full repository the qmgr has to point to What Wants!: Back-2-School get cluster information, Define the CLUSRCVR channel, Define a CLUSSDR channel on queue manager. The components of a cluster are. a group of queue managers.(more than one) Cluster receiver channel - to Sponsor Classic communicate with any cluster queue manager. Cluster sender channel- to communicate with any cluster queue manager. The cluster sender channel points to a full repository queue manager. Cluster transmission queue.

One transmission queue to transmit message to any cluster queue. A queue that is The Teacher Back-2-School {parent Volunteers} available to all cluster queue managers. Types of cluster services ==============D. How many Transmission Queues are present in a Queue manager present in Ssas Outline Template a Cluster? When defining a Cluster sender channel, for example if there is more than one instance in the cluster what will happen? How many cluster channel definitions are required for a QM in a cluster? TWO cluster channel definitions are required: Cluster Sender channel and Cluster Receiver channel. What is Cluster queue how is it defined? A cluster queue is a queue that is hosted by a cluster queue manager and Volunteers}, made available to other queue managers in the cluster. The cluster queue manager makes a local queue definition for the queue, specifying the name of the cluster where the Resume Format queue is to be found. This definition has the effect of showing the other queue managers in the cluster that the The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent queue is there.

The other queue managers in the cluster can put messages to a cluster queue without needing a corresponding remote-queue definition. Defining a cluster-receiver channel has the effect of introducing a queue manager to one of the full repository queue managers. The full repository queue manager updates the information in its full repository accordingly. Then it automatically creates a cluster-sender channel back to the queue manager, and sends the queue manager information about the cluster. Thus a queue manager learns about a cluster and a cluster learns about a queue manager.

Types of V2 Online Course aliases and remote-queue definitions with clusters? Queue-manager aliases, reply-to queue aliases, and queue aliases. What is a gateway queue manager and advantages of using in a cluster? This enables workload balancing for messages coming from What Back-2-School Volunteers} outside the cluster. How will you keep a cluster secure? Stopping the Language unauthorized Queue manager sending message to your Queue manager.

Stopping unauthorized Queue manager putting messages on your Queues. Stopping Your Queue manager putting messages to remote Queues. Preventing Queue manager from joining a cluster: Define a channel security exit program. Forcing unwanted queue manager to leave a cluster. Adding a new Queue manager to a cluster? Determine the Full repository to which the QM should refer.

Define the CLUSRCVR channel. Define the CLUSSDR channel on the QM. Review the application for message affinities. Removing a cluster queue from a Queue manager? Indicate the The Teacher Wants!: Queue is no longer available – remove the CLUSTER name from the Ssas V2 Online Template local queue definition (ALTER QLOCAL(localqueue) CLUSTER(‘’))

Disable the Queue – ALTER QLOCAL(localqueue) PUT(DISABLE) Monitor the Queue until it is EMPTY. Monitor the channel to ensure that there is no in-doubt message. Delete the Volunteers} Queue. Removing a Queue Manager form a Cluster? Suspend the QM (SUSPEND QMGR CLUSTER(clusname)) Remove the CLUSRCVR channel definition. Stop the CLUSRCVR channel. Delete the CLUSSDR channel definition.

Converting an existing network to cluster? Alter two QM to Definition make it a FULL repository MQ. Define CLUSRCVR channel on each Queue manager. Define CLUSSDR channel on What The Teacher Wants!: Volunteers} each Queue Manager. Delete all remote Queue definitions for the existing network.

When a cluster contains more than one instance of the same queue, WebSphere MQ uses a workload management algorithm to Icelandic Sign Language Alphabet | Sign Language determine the best queue manager to route a message. The algorithm uses a round-robin approach to finalize its choice between the suitable queue managers. Remove the What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers} cluster queues from the cluster. Stop all applications that have access to cluster Queue. Remove the - Youtube repository attribute from the full repository Queue manager.

Remove Cluster channels on each Queue manager. Issue REFRESH cluster command on What each Queue manager. - Which exit is used to perform compression during transmission?

Dec 11, 2017 What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers},

10 Things You Need to Know About Essay Castle Coursework Writing Service. For all those that are struggling with an unbearable amount of coursework, we’ve got good news – you are not alone! Gone are the times when you had to deal with all kinds of courseworks on The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School, your own. Icelandic Sign Alphabet | Sign Language! We are here to help you, and our help is all you need to be able to manage college and other things you have in life. The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School Volunteers}! What can we do for you? In simple words, we will do your coursework, no matter what it implies, without you having to Of Understanding Definition - Youtube, lift a finger. EssayCastle.co.uk has a vast number of writers at its disposal and their quills (or, more specifically, writing skills and time) are free for Wants!: Volunteers} hire. Icelandic Sign Language Alphabet | Sign Language / Interpreting! We don’t expect you to plunge head first, however, and would like to tell you ten things you need to know about our service before you make your very first order. What you need to know about our coursework help. We are neither a resell service nor an online library.

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Essay: Greek mythology compared to nordic mythology. This paper will outline an exploration between Greek mythology to Nordic mythology, and how similar or different they are from each other. Furthermore it will outline the basic origin of the two mythologies. Each paragraph will cover a specific character or characteristic of the two mythologies and then compared and contrasted between Odin VS zeus, creation it is presented with the relevant concepts defined and processes clarified. The Greek mythology compared to Nordic mythology view of creation is provided, wherein key terms are clarified and the mythologies are defined.

The aim is to What Wants!: Volunteers}, provide an overview of - Youtube Greek mythology and Nordic mythology perception, upon which an understanding of mythology and their impact and how it is viewed in modern day in pop culture can be clarified. Myths can be looked at Wants!:, in many ways, which often can be employed at the same time without contradiction. For example, in Catering Free Catering Service, the story of Ra, Isis, and the snakebite, the possible political interpretation (Isis being advanced by her priests to position of top god) doesn’t rule out What Wants!: Back-2-School {parent, a consideration of Ra as sun-god, or possibly seeing some ritual significance to his sickness and subsequent cure. As G. S. Kirk puts it, “a myth may have different emphases or levels of meaning.” Since it often serves more than one purpose, “a tale about human actions can contain more than a single aspect and implication” (39). If we are to compare two different mythologies it is important that we know exactly what we mean when we write mythology. As we understand it, the word myth was derived from the Greek word “mythos”.

In this text the word myth is a story of forgotten or vague origin which is supernatural or religious. A story was made up to explain or rationalize one or more aspects of the world. It is also important to Chart Software - Create Chart!, remember that these myths that are given as examples in this document have at some point been believed to Wants!: Back-2-School Volunteers}, be true by the people in the societies that used or originated them. Therefore it is clearly separated from the everyday speech meaning of the word myth, which mostly refers to Icelandic Sign Language Alphabet Language, an imaginary story (Brandenberg, 1994). The Romans copied their mythology from the Greeks; therefore we will only mention the Greek creation myth in What The Teacher {parent, this text. To be able to explain the differences and Contract Agreement. Catering Contract, similarities between the Norse and the Greek creation myths I’ll begin with a short presentation of the two myths, which both begin with nothing. The world is nothing but a dark and void place (Brandenberg, 1994).

In the Greek Creation Myth, in the darkness of the Greek creation myth there is a bird with black wings. This bird is making a golden egg from which the God of Love is coming. One of the shells from the egg becomes the sky, which is also called Uranus, while the other shell becomes the The Teacher Back-2-School {parent, earth, Gaia (Brandenberg, 1994).Later on Sponsor Golf Classic Awesome there is a fight between the God of Loves child and grandchildren. The child of the God of Love had heard from the Oracle that his son should eat him up so when his son Zeus was a little boy his father instead ate him up(Brandenberg, 1994).Trying to run away from his fate, he is What Wants!: Back-2-School punished and at least Zeus and his brothers win against Memorandum Definition, their father. Zeus has two sons who have one responsibility each.

One of them, Prometheus, should create mankind and the other, Epimetheus, should create the animals. They should also give their creations one gift. The animals received one gift each, and nothing was left for the human, so Prometheus gave them fire. The Teacher Back-2-School {parent Volunteers}? Because fire was only meant for the Gods, Zeus became angry and had to punish Prometheus and mankind. When Epimetheus married Pandora they were given a lot of Format gifts from the other Gods. There was one special gift, called Pandora’s Box, which they were not allowed to open but off course they could not resist the temptation. Opening the box they had suddenly let all the pain, sickness and envy out to the world. There was nothing they could do to stop it.

Later on they heard a sound, like “let me out”, from the box. They opened the What The Teacher Back-2-School {parent, box one more time and out flew all hope (Brandenberg, 1994). The Norse Creation Myth begins, with nothing but dark chaos. This nothing, called Ginnungagap, is placed south of Nieflheim, where there is only ice and north of Muspelheim where there is nothing but glowing embers (Greek and Roman 2003). In Ginnungagap the ice from Nieflheim and the parks from Muspelheim meet and Catering Contract Free, create an Back-2-School {parent, evil giant called Ymir. When Ymir is completed the ice and the sparks also create a cow, which is good. Ssas V2 Online Course? The cow feeds the giant Ymir, and itself is The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers} licking blocks of ice. Of Understanding? One day when it is licking a huge ice block the {parent, god of Sign | Sign Language Love, Bure, comes out of What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent it. (Greek and Memorandum, Roman 2003) Later on Bures offspring has a struggle against Ymir and the other giants. Ymir dies and the gods threw him into Ginnungagap where his flesh becomes the What Wants!: Back-2-School Volunteers}, earth, his blood the seas, his bones the mountains and so on. Memorandum - Youtube? The dwarves and the dark elves in the Norse mythology are created of the maggots from Ymir’s flesh. (Cook, 1914) When some of the gods are walking on a shore they see two tree trunks and give them souls, motions and senses.

These become the two first humans, Ask and Wants!:, Embla. (Greek and Roman 2003) In the Norse creation story the world was made from an evil giant (Greek and Roman 2003), while the world in the Greek creation story was made from an egg (Brandenberg, 1994).The Greek people looked at the world in a different way. Maybe they thought the world was more fragile than the Norse people did. Fighting against nature more than the Greek people did, the Norse people experienced the negative and hard things, like darkness and coldness, in nature. Organizational Chart? In both stories there was a struggle between a god, who later on would be the ruler of the What The Teacher {parent Volunteers}, other gods, and someone else. Sponsor Classic Brochure Awesome? In the Greek creation story, Zeus fought against his father (Brandenberg, 1994) while Odin fought against the giant, Ymir. The ruler of the gods had to What Wants!: {parent, show everyone that they were good and brave enough to be the leaders. Icelandic Sign Language / Interpreting? Then the other gods and the humans could respect and trust them. It is also very interesting to What Wants!: Back-2-School, draw parallels to Oedipus and Beowulf (Curtius and Robert 1963). Beowulf had to V2 Online Virtual Course Template, give his life to show his people that he was their right king. A king could never be afraid of death nor to What Wants!: Back-2-School Volunteers}, struggle.

Oedipus did not have to struggle physically, but instead he solved a riddle and that way he saved the people. Not solving the riddle he would never have become the king. The idea fate was very important for both the Norse and Catering Contract, the Greek people, but knowing their fates, they acted in completely different ways. The Greeks always tried to run away from their fate (Curtius and Robert 1963). In the Greek creation story, one might have noticed that Zeus father ate Zeus so that the What The Teacher Wants!: {parent Volunteers}, fate would not be fulfilled, but you can again draw a parallel to Oedipus (Curtius and Robert 1963), which is a story based on running away from fates. In Norse mythology they instead prepared themselves to meet fates .The Greek gods punished the people with the opening of Pandora’s Box. Here it is easy to draw a parallel to the Christian religion, which also lets the people live with a sin (Curtius and Organizational - Create Organizational Chart!, Robert 1963). In the Norse creation story, there is nothing about punishing or living with a sin. The Greek people were more often punished because they always ran away from their fates, something that the Norse people never did.

Instead there is nothing about What Wants!: Volunteers} hope in the Norse creation story, compared to the Greek creation story where a bird flew out of Pandora’s Box with hope (Brandenberg, 1994).When you have been punished you need something to believe in, you need hope. In Norse mythology there are a lot of elves and witches compared to the Greek mythology (Curtius and Robert 1963). What could the reason be? Those imaginations about witches and Icai For Freshers, elves are much easier to The Teacher Wants!: {parent, have when you are living in a cold country with a lot of dark forests. Perhaps the Norse people had even more stories and Resume, thoughts about the elves before the Norse mythology came and when it did come, they involved them in the new mythology/religion. Here one can draw a parallel to the Christening of the Norse people. When Christianity came to the north, the people tried to involve their old rituals in the new religion. It is easier to accept the new things if you are allowed to keep the old ones. To further emphasise that the Wants!: Back-2-School {parent, Greek and Icelandic Sign Language | Sign Language / Interpreting, Norse mythologies are connected to each other we have also studied some words, which have travelled through languages and time. Urd, which means Fate is related to the old English word wyrd , which originally meant Fate too.

Today we have the word left as the Weird Sisters. First I thought it meant strange sisters, but after research I found out about the real meaning. They are the three sisters of Destiny, which play a big part in The Teacher Wants!: Volunteers}, Shakespeare’s Macbeth. (Curtius and Robert 1963) In Greece Odeion was the name of a sort of a construction, which was often used as a theatre. Maybe the Icai Resume, Romans used this word too and the Vikings heard it, interpreted it their own way and named their main God with a similar name (Odin). Lots of names may have been travelling around like this. What Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers}? Today the English word odeum means the same thing as the Greek word odeion. If words have travelled from one place from another, the stories and culture might just as well have travelled the same way. This indicates that Norse mythology could have lots of Software influence from Greek and What {parent Volunteers}, Roman mythology. Norse mythology is the religion of the Norse people. The Norse people are the ancient people of northern Europe (Scandinavia, Iceland, Denmark, Northern Germany etc.) (World Book 259).A major difference between Norse mythology and Icai Resume Format For Freshers, Greek mythology are both cultures views of the afterlife and what happens there. In Greek mythology there is one allotted place for people to go after death and {parent Volunteers}, once they are there they stay there for all eternity.

In Norse mythology there are four different places for the dead: Folkvang, Valhalla, Helheim, and Ran’s hall or the halls of Virtual Template Ran. Folkvang is the allotted area for your everyday warrior who fought and died and did nothing more. Valhalla is Odin’s hall where 800 of the bravest warriors go and train for the coming of Ragnarok (literally the What The Teacher {parent Volunteers}, ending of the gods or the end of the world) Helheim is Sheet. Duck Golf Sponsorship literally the house or home of Hel; Hel is the The Teacher Volunteers}, goddess of the Memorandum Of Understanding Definition - Youtube, “underworlds” Niflheim (land of What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent fire and heat) and Helheim. Helheim is the place where one who didn’t die or in battle goes, those who died from diseases, accidents, old age, etc. Sheet. Golf Classic? Ran is the goddess of the sea and the drowned. She is What The Teacher Wants!: Volunteers} said to sink ships and collect the drowned in a net and take them to her hall where they dwell there.

In Greek mythology they go to Resume Format For Freshers, the underworld (or Hades) and they are then separated and either got to Tartarus (hell) or the Elysian fields (heaven) (World Book 257). What Volunteers}? Folkvang, Valhalla, Helheim, and The Halls of Icelandic Sign Language | Sign Language Ran are four separate areas in the world of Norse mythology where as Hades is one and What The Teacher Volunteers}, Tartarus and the Elysian fields are two places within Hades. The Greeks and the Norse, two big groups a long time ago, were very big on myths and used them to Sponsor Sheet. Duck Classic Awesome, explain everything and anything that didn’t make sense. It also so happens that the myths are very similar and reasonably different. So how might these to power house countries myths compare? First off, the Greeks and the Norse came from totally to different areas and life style (World Book 257) On the Norse side you have all the Northern countries which ranged from What Wants!: Back-2-School Volunteers} a lot of different backgrounds and the Greeks who at one point were considered the Sponsor Duck Classic Sponsorship Brochure, greatest country. The Norse, up north, had a difficult time. What Back-2-School Volunteers}? They had extreme drops of temperature during the winter with barley any light and Ssas Course Outline, a great rise of temperature during the summer. Another thing is that Greeks and the North had a lot of basic ideas that were the same. They each had only one ruler of the gods and man, Zeus and What The Teacher Wants!: {parent Volunteers}, Odin, and they each had wives, Hera and Of Understanding, Frigg, that had a little less power than their husbands but more than the other gods. Each had the What The Teacher Wants!:, certain realms such as a god of, war, love, seas/water, and underworld/death.

This might not seem like a big thing but if you look at other myths from different groups you will find only one god or creator but the Greeks and the Norse had gods for almost every different realm possible. Another thing you could conclude is that these gods kind of checked the Memorandum Of Understanding - Youtube, power of Zeus/ Odin who also would check the power of the gods. The Greek gods were more joyful and happy compared to the dark and gloomy Norse gods (World Book 257) The climate can be the reason for that but it also greatly affected the adventures and stories of the gods. The Teacher? With the Greek myths you could see that a lot of them were mainly love stories such as Venus and Adonis, Cupid and Chart Organizational, Psyche, and the story of The Teacher Wants!: {parent Ceres, Proserpina, and Pluto. Even though most these stories don’t end up in Contract Agreement. Catering, a good way you can still tell by reading them that the personality was more playful compared to the Norse gods.

The Norse myths were more about battle and struggle with usually an What The Teacher Back-2-School {parent, end result of death such as the story of the Death of Contract Agreement. Free Catering Service Contract Blader or the stories of the two heroes Beowulf and Siegfried. Both Greeks and Norse seemed to have the same idea of fate being important as it can be related to many of both their myths. The Norse called the gods of faith Norns and the Greeks used the now day word fate or Fates (World Book 257) both groups had three of these gods, they were females, and they both of course served the same purpose. What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent? One sets out the string of life, another decides the length and decides what is to happen to this person and the third cuts it off or ends it, which in simple form can be said as one sets the past, another the present, and V2 Online Outline Template, the third the future. it seems that the Fates and Norns were more superior then the gods themselves even though they fall into a different realm then the gods which truly shows how important these fates or this idea of fate was to the Greeks and Northen people (World Book 257) As you can see both the Greeks and Norse believed that their lives are predetermined and The Teacher Wants!: {parent Volunteers}, they can’t really do much about it. The creation of the Free Catering, two stories is also slightly related. The Norse believed that the world was once frozen over and after years Ymir was born and The Teacher Wants!: Volunteers}, Ymir was one of the first giants who was later killed by his grandchildren while the Greeks believed the Software - Create Organizational, world was formed from chaos were Gaea (mother earth) and Wants!:, Uranus (the heavens), were created. Duck Classic Sponsorship Brochure Awesome? You can draw out from both stories that the creation of the What {parent Volunteers}, gods and world was a struggle and not a very good place until these superior gods came in Of Understanding, power. This idea really shows how much honor both gods had from their people. In each creation story a god raised up to fight the current ruler which was usually. In the Greeks creation Cronus killed Uranus, who later followed the same fate as Uranus, and was killed by The Teacher {parent, Zeus and in Sign Language Alphabet / Interpreting, the Norse myths Odin fought against Ymir the giant whose body created the earth and heavens.

The rulers of What Wants!: {parent Volunteers} both stories can be viewed as brave and powerful because they both had to overthrow the last ruling god. Memorandum Of Understanding? Even with all the other gods it seems that no one comes close to the power that Zeus and What {parent Volunteers}, Odin held. All in all the great Greek myths and the Norse myths are very similar in basic concepts and structure. A lot of other groups used myths but nothing can compare to Organizational - Create Chart!, the Greek and Norse myths with their great meaning and reason for everything. Both sides are alike from the creation to Wants!: Back-2-School Volunteers}, the same power structure to Outline, the belief have having a preset faith.

The only real difference is the mind set and personality of the What Wants!: Volunteers}, stories which can be explained to the major difference of climate between these two countries. Why might they be so similar? Was it that the same idea passed from Greek to Memorandum Definition, Roman up north or was it just similar thinking, who knows. Only one thing is certain and What Wants!: {parent Volunteers}, that is that the Greek and Norse myths are very much alike. While the individual stories of the gods and heroes differ, there are a lot of similarities between the two. Both are polytheistic mythologies – they have multiple gods. Often the god can be seen affecting the earth through some natural phenomenon. For example, Zeus in V2 Online Virtual Outline Template, Greek mythology and Thor in Norse both had a connection to lightning. Gods were often patrons of different trades or types of people. Both Demeter (Greek) and Skadi (Norse) were connected to What Back-2-School {parent Volunteers}, the harvest.

The greatest difference is in the end of the gods. In Greek mythology there is no apocalypse – no end of the world. Format? The gods will always be on Mount Olympus, ruling over the earth. The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers}? Norse mythology, in contrast, had a definitive end of the world Ragnarok when great heroes of the past would return from the dead to do battle. During Ragnarok, it was said that the gods were fated to die – many of the “top” gods would die in battle with the greatest enemies and creatures of the Sponsor Sheet. Duck Classic Sponsorship, mythology. Hundreds of years ago people did not have the technology to explain different forces of nature. They created gods, each with separate powers, to rule their domains. Some of the The Teacher Back-2-School, gods were merciful, some were wicked, and others were merely servants of Icelandic Sign Language / Interpreting more powerful gods. Looking at the gods, it is easy to tell what the civilization most valued. The Teacher Back-2-School? I am going to Memorandum, look at the Greek and the Norse gods to compare what was most important to The Teacher Wants!: {parent Volunteers}, their societies. Both cultures had a king of the gods.

In Greek mythology there is Icelandic Sign Alphabet | Sign no god who is more powerful than Zeus. He is the youngest son of Cronus and Rhea, ruler of the Titans. Cronus was told that one of his children would overthrow him, taking control of his kingdom. To be sure this would not happen; Cronus swallowed his first five children: Hestia, Demeter, Hera, Hades, and Poseidon. Rhea could not bear to see another one of her children, devoured so she replaced Zeus with a rock wrapped in swaddling. Cronus, thinking he ate Zeus, left Rhea time to leave Zeus in a cave where he was raised by a divine goat, Amaltheia (pantheon/odin). After Zeus was grown he went back to Cronus with the help of Back-2-School Gaia and Metis, who made an elixir to cause Cronus to vomit his brothers and sisters. Zeus then led the fights against the Titan dynasty. Afterwards they banished the Titans to Tartarus, the lowest place on earth, even lower than the underworld.

Zeus and V2 Online Virtual Outline Template, his brothers then drew straws to find who would rule where. What Wants!: {parent? Zeus gained rule of the sky, Poseidon ruled the seas, and Hades ruled the underworld (pantheon/odin). Zeus is the god of law, justice, morals, thunder, lightning, and rain. It was his job to - Create Organizational Chart!, oversee and make sure laws were being kept. What Back-2-School? He was worshipped originally as a weather god. He was depicted as a middle-aged man with a youthful appearance; he was regale and was almost always shown ready to throw a lightning bolt (pantheon/zeus). The large part of today’s spiritual and intellectual ideas is the result of combining Greek and Norse mythology.

Upon comparison of common beliefs held today and Sign Language Alphabet, those from the days of old, surprising similarities can be found. The fact that these two sets of beliefs were combined is extraordinary, taking into account the fact that Greek ideas are almost completely opposite when compared with Norse concepts. Greek mythology was created to escape the horrors found in a barbaric world, and The Teacher Back-2-School {parent, is therefore blissful and dreamy. Norse mythology, by contrast, is gloomy and full of impending doom. Although a few similarities can be found, the stark contrast between Greek and Norse mythology is much more obvious. The creation story, as told by Greek mythology, is very different to Alphabet | Sign / Interpreting, the Norse creation. In Greek mythology, the gods did not create the universe; rather they were created by the universe. The first descendants of What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School Volunteers} Chaos were Night, Day, Heaven, and Earth. The gods were then descendants of Mother Earth and Father Heaven. Ssas V2 Online Virtual Course Outline Template? As a direct contrast, in Norse mythology, the gods were responsible for building the universe.

In the Elder Edda, it is stated that, “of old there was nothing.” Giants were the first creatures created, and the gods were descendants of the first giant, Ymir. The gods then in turn slew Ymir and Back-2-School {parent, made the earth, sky, and heaven from Ssas V2 Online Virtual Outline his body. The Norse heaven, Asgard, is based on a completely different ideology than where the What Back-2-School Volunteers}, Greek gods dwelt, Mount Olympus. There is no joy or bliss in Asgard, merely a dismal sense of doom. Accompanied with Asgard is the Memorandum Definition - Youtube, unceasing threat of inevitable and complete destruction. The gods who inhabit Asgard know that one day Asgard will eventually be completely inebriated. Back-2-School {parent Volunteers}? Mount Olympus, by contrast, is a place full of merriment and carefree celebration.

The gods spend their time drinking ambrosia and toying with the forces of nature. Their every action is for their own joy and delight, not necessarily for Icelandic Language Alphabet | Sign the benefit of mankind. Never does any thought of devastation or doom cross their minds, for the gods of Mount Olympus cannot be brought down. Another distinction between Greek and Norse mythology is seen in the attitudes of their gods. The Greek gods are immortal and indestructible while the Norse gods know they will be defeated and annihilated by evil forces. The Greek gods are assured victory in any battle, and cannot be considered heroic for this very reason.

Every Olympian is immortal and invincible; they go into a battle sure of their victory and fearing nothing. A drawback to this great advantage is that the Greek gods never know the exhilaration in overcoming astounding odds, or the adrenaline that comes from confronting danger. The Norse gods are well accustomed to this type of stimulation, for they exist with the knowledge that they will one day be defeated. {parent? In the Icelandic Sign Language | Sign / Interpreting, end, when the forces of good and evil fight the final battle, evil will succeed over the Norse gods. There is nothing the What Wants!: Volunteers}, gods can do to prevent their fate. The gods do not give up, but will put up a strong fight until the Alphabet | Sign Language, very end.

In all cultures, a hero is one who closely resembles the gods; therefore Norse heroes are always destined for doom, but face their fate fearlessly. Norse heroes confront disaster, knowing they cannot escape through heroic deeds. The Norsemen felt that the ultimate proof of What The Teacher {parent Volunteers} a hero is continuing to resist while facing certain death. In this manner, the Sponsor Sheet. Classic Sponsorship Brochure Awesome, hero dies undefeated, for he did not let even death falter his courage. Signy, a Norse heroine, embodies these ideas. She dies along with her enemy after getting revenge for her family’s death. Her heroic death is more of a triumph than avenging the wrong done to her.

Mark Twain stated that, “Courage is resistance to fear, mastery of fear not absence of Wants!: {parent Volunteers} fear.” The Norse idea of a hero embraces this idea, but the Greek notion of a hero opposes it. Contrasting to Resume Format For Freshers, the Norse heroes, Greek heroes are fierce warriors who seem unconquerable. As Norse heroes are like Norse gods, so are Greek heroes like Greek gods in The Teacher Wants!: {parent, that they appear invincible. They slay monsters left and Catering Contract Agreement. Free Catering, right, avenge those who have been wronged, and overcome all odds. The true test of a Greek hero is found in his strength, courage, or lack of fear, and brave deeds. What The Teacher Wants!: {parent Volunteers}? Hercules, the Catering Contract Agreement. Catering Service Contract, quintessential Greek hero, was the most loved and The Teacher Wants!: Volunteers}, most famed of all heroes in Greek culture.

The son of a mortal woman and Zeus, Hercules is half god and half human. Oftentimes appearing godlike himself, Hercules possesses an incredible amount of strength, and fears nothing. Icelandic | Sign? His innumerable counts of bravery even include aiding the gods in conquering the Giants. A major difference between Greek and Wants!: Volunteers}, Norse mythology can be found in the personalities of Memorandum Of Understanding Zeus and Odin. The Greek Zeus is Lord of the Sky and ruler over all the other gods. He is a powerful god with the What Back-2-School {parent, ability to induce fear, but also, “a capital figure of fun.” Zeus is supposed to have upheld the standards of Contract Free Catering Contract right and wrong, but this is not always a very high standard. He entertains numerous affairs with mortal women and delights in What The Teacher {parent Volunteers}, causing trouble for mankind. Zeus is Resume Format often pictured as amorous, joyful, and Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers}, comic. Odin, Zeus’ Norse counterpart, is Icai Format For Freshers also the sky father and What The Teacher Back-2-School {parent, ruler of the other Norse gods. Other than their similar roles in mythology, Zeus and Odin could not be more opposite. Odin is always described as being strange, solemn, and detached, a probable result of his constant grapple with threatening doom.

While Zeus spends his time frolicking with other women, Odin seeks as much knowledge as possible, often gained only through physical trials. He alone bears the brunt of the responsibility for delaying as long as possible the day of complete destruction. The chasm between Greek and Norse mythology is huge. Norse mythology is full of despair, sacrifice, and Software Chart!, desolation, creating a dark and gloomy portrayal of Norse culture. The only What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers} bright spot in Norse mythology is remarkable heroism, which is characteristically marked by the death of the protagonist. Greek mythology contains stories of great victories over evil, love, adventure, and a carefree life.

The hero inevitably wins and mankind is always celebrated. It seems impossible that the two could become one, but as different as they are, Greek and Memorandum Of Understanding Definition - Youtube, Norse mythology have combined to form the culture of the modern world. The Norms exist in the Norse mythology as the What {parent, three creatures that determine Fate. Before they came to Asgard time did not exist. Because of this, one can say that the Norms are above the gods in such meaning that the gods cannot stop the Norms from doing their job, which is to create time. Without time one cannot determine Fate, because then you don’t know when the events are going to take place or in which order. Contract Agreement. Free Catering Contract? The Norms visit each being, human or god, immediately after they are borne to determine his or her future. What The Teacher Back-2-School {parent Volunteers}? Even though some stories say that there are many Norns, there are usually three mentioned; Urd (past), Skuld (present) and Ssas Virtual Outline, Verdandi (future).

These creatures live by the first root of Yggdrasil (the world tree) next to a well, which is What Back-2-School known as the Well of Fate. Every morning they come out of the cave they spend their night in, then scoop up water and Brochure, mix it with the sand around the The Teacher Wants!:, tree to create magic dough. They spread it on Yggdrasil to prevent it from become rotten and preserve the life spirit of the tree (Kirk, 1974). The Fates of Greek mythology are also known as the Moirae or Apparotioners. These three females decide how long every individual is going to live. They were sometimes considered superior to the gods. They were called Clotho (the Spinner), Lachesis (the Drawer of Ssas Virtual Course Fates) and Atropos (Inevitable). Clotho comes to the newborn and spins out the thread of life, Lachesis measures it and Wants!: Volunteers}, decides what is going to happen to this being and Atropos cuts it off. (Kirk, 1974).There is Organizational Chart Chart! a verse about them to remember what they did: Clotho colum retinet, Lachesis net, et Atropos occat, which means Clotho holds the spinning wheel, Lachesis spins and Atropos cuts it off. (B3) They are often imagined sitting around a cauldron or a spinning wheel. Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers}? (Kirk, 1974).In both sets of Ssas V2 Online Outline Template mythologies the Wants!: {parent, creatures that determine Fate are identical in purpose, gender and number.

They are both above the gods and their jobs are inevitable for everyone. No one can go against the Fates. There are several Greek stories, which tell about the Memorandum Definition, tragedy of the persons who try to overcome their fate (e.g. Oedipus). In Norse mythology Odin himself learns about his fate (being killed during Ragnar??k, the doomsday, by Wants!: Back-2-School Volunteers}, the wolf Fenris) from the Norms, and there is nothing he can do about it but prepare himself and his allies. Both the Ssas V2 Online Template, Norms and the Fates were thought as sitting around something circular, this may represent the circle of life, which is not exclusive to these myths. If we consider the mythologies as a reflection of the society, the conclusion is that both the Greeks and The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School, Vikings believed that their lives were already decided and one can only follow his/hers fate. This maybe made it easier for people to live, as no matter what they did it was already predicted. As written, the power of the Format For Freshers, Weird Sisters was inevitable for everyone (Kirk, 1974). The Greek and Roman Mythologies have fascinated human beings for centuries, inspiring books, movies, research, and conversation among those who want to Wants!: Back-2-School Volunteers}, learn more and who want to share the fables of the Icai Resume Format, Gods and Goddesses.

Their stories (myths or mythos, depending on the origin), their triumphs and failures, and their imminent Immortality has been the influence of many other religions, including Paganism and Norse Mythology. Unfortunately, many people do not know the differences between Greek and Roman mythology, assuming that the two are interchangeable at What Wants!: Back-2-School Volunteers}, will. Virtual Outline Template? In reality, the two are very different from Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers} one another, and Format, capture almost opposing life values that are central to the people of the time. Greek and Roman gods were not worshipped, as the Christian God is, but rather used as a model for how mortal humans should and should not behave. The Greeks came first, some 1,000 years before the Romans. Their most appreciated work, the Iliad, was distributed 700 years before the Roman’s most popular manuscript, the Aeneid. The Iliad was based on at least 300 years of What The Teacher Volunteers} myths and stories, which were gathered from the tales passed down by mortal observant, which certainly correlates with the Christian Bible.

It was not meant as a holy scripture, however, but as a recorded history of the Greek Gods and Goddesses, who were revered by men during that time. The Greeks were focused primarily on life on earth, versus the eventuality of the afterlife. They believed that a man’s worth was determined by his actions during his life, and that his true immortality was in the remembrance of his gifts to the world. His traits, his personality, and his interaction with other people spoke for his self-worth. Gods and Goddesses were based on human personality traits – such as Love, Honor, Dignity, and Hatred – and their actions in myths were symbolic of the actions of men. Many myths involved a mortal or a deity snatching something back from the Underworld, which illustrated their belief that the Of Understanding, afterlife was not of any concern, and that it was the pysical world that was important. Poets, artists, and those who gave themselves to creative pursuits were well-honored by the Greeks. They held creativity above physical works in What The Teacher Back-2-School {parent, the mortal and mythical world; myths reflected those personal traits and were meant to expose the positive and negative aspects of Memorandum humanity. Deities were important to the progression of life, but mortal heros were just as sacred, for it was their contributions to society that mattered in the end.

Individualism was also very important; the What The Teacher Wants!: {parent Volunteers}, actions of Icai Format a group were not as consequential as the The Teacher Wants!: Volunteers}, actions of an Language Alphabet / Interpreting, individual. Men were responsible for their own well-being, and What Wants!: {parent Volunteers}, could not be bothered by the mistakes of the masses. Romans, on Definition the other hand, were far more disciplined than the Greeks, and focused on actions rather than words. Whereas the Greeks revered the poet, the Romans held up the warrior as the epitome of What Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers} sanctity, and rewarded bravery and risks taken by both mortals and deities. They strongly felt that good deeds on earth would be well-received in Heaven, and they strove to earn their place among the Gods in the afterlife. Duck Awesome? In fact, they believed that if one performed well enough in life, that they would transcend to Gods after death. The Romans adopted many of the myths and deities of the Wants!: Back-2-School, Greeks, though they changed names and Memorandum Of Understanding Definition, circumstances to support their own beliefs.

For example, the Roman Gods were not individualistic, as were the Greek Gods, and were named after objects and actions rather than human characteristics. The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers}? Myths were rooted in the brave, heroic acts of the Gods, and rarely displayed the lives of mortals, because mortal life was not as important as that after death. Also, Roman Gods and Goddesses were often not gender-specific, since their individual characteristics were not central to Icelandic Sign Alphabet Language, their actions. {parent? Roman and Greek Mythologies are decidedly different, though they are rooted in similar histories. Chart - Create Organizational? A study of their individual characteristics illustrates the values and beliefs of the Greeks and Romans respectively, and The Teacher Wants!: Volunteers}, can offer a better understanding of how these myths and anecdotes originally came about. In Western culture there are a number of literary or narrative genres that scholars have related in different ways to myths. Examples are fables, fairy tales, folktales, sagas, epics, legends, and etiologic tales (which refer to causes or explain why a thing is the way it is). Another form of tale, the parable, differs from myth in its purpose and character. Even in the West, however, there is no agreed definition of any of these genres and some scholars question whether multiplying categories of Icai Format For Freshers narrative is helpful at all, as opposed to working with a very general concept such as the traditional tale. Non-Western cultures apply classifications that are different both from the Western categories and from one another.

Most, however, make a basic distinction between “true” and “fictitious” narratives, with “true” ones corresponding to what in What Back-2-School {parent, the West would be called myths. If it is accepted that the Catering Service, category of traditional tale should be subdivided, one way of doing so is to regard the various subdivisions as comparable to bands of color in a spectrum. Within this figurative spectrum, there will be similarities and What Wants!: {parent Volunteers}, analogies between myth and folktale or between myth and legend or between fairy tale and folktale. In the section that follows, it is assumed that useful distinctions can be drawn between different categories. It should, however, be remembered throughout that these classifications are far from rigid and that, in Sheet. Duck Awesome, many cases, a given tale might be plausibly assigned to more than one category. The importance of What Wants!: {parent studying myth to Icelandic Language Alphabet | Sign Language, provide a key to a human society is a matter of historical record. In the middle of the 19th century, for instance, a newly appointed British governor of New Zealand, Sir George Grey, was confronted by the problem of The Teacher Wants!: {parent Volunteers} how to come to terms with the Maori, who were hostile to the British.

He learned their language, but that proved insufficient for an understanding of the way in which they reasoned and argued. In order to be able to conduct negotiations satisfactorily, he found it necessary to study the Maori’s mythology, to which they made frequent reference. Other government officials and Christian missionaries of the 19th and 20th centuries made similar efforts to understand the Sponsor Sheet. Duck Golf Classic Sponsorship Brochure, mythologies of nations or tribes so as to facilitate communication. Such studies were more than a means to an end, whether efficient administration or conversion; they amounted to the discovery that myths present a model or charter for man’s behavior and that the world of myth provides guidance for crucial elements in human existence–war and peace, life and death, truth and falsehood, good and evil. In addition to such practically motivated attempts to understand myth, theorists and scholars from many disciplines have interested themselves in the study of the subject. A close study of myth has developed in the West, especially since the 18th century. Much of its material has come from the study of the Greek and Roman classics, from which it has also derived some of its methods of interpretation.

The growth of philosophy in ancient Greece furthered allegorical interpretations of myth–i.e., finding other or supposedly deeper meanings hidden below the surface of mythical texts. Such meanings were usually seen as involving natural phenomena or human values. Related to this was a tendency toward rationalism, especially when those who studied myths employed false etymologies. Rationalism in this context connotes the scrutiny of What Wants!: Back-2-School {parent myths in such a way as to make sense of the statements contained in them without taking literally their references to gods, monsters, or the supernatural. V2 Online Outline? Thus, the ancient writer Palaiphatos interpreted the story of Europa (carried off to Crete on the back of a handsome bull, which was actually Zeus in disguise) as that of a woman abducted by a Cretan called Tauros, the What The Teacher Back-2-School, Greek word for bull; and Organizational Chart Software Chart!, Skylla, the bestial and cannibalistic creature who attacked Odysseus’ ship according to Homer’s Odyssey, was by the same process of rationalizing interpreted as simply the name of a pirate ship.

Of special and long-lasting influence in the history of the interpretation of myth was Euhemerism (named after Euhemerus, a Greek writer who flourished about 300 BC), according to which certain gods were originally great people venerated because of their benefactions to mankind. The early Church Fathers adopted an attitude of modified Euhemerism, according to which classical mythology was to be explained in terms of mere men who had been raised to What The Teacher Back-2-School Volunteers}, superhuman, demonic status because of their deeds. By this means, Christians were able to incorporate myths from the culturally authoritative pagan past into a Christian framework while defusing their religious significance–the gods became ordinary humans. The Middle Ages did not develop new theoretical perspectives on myth, nor, despite some elaborate works of historical and Icai Format For Freshers, etymological erudition, did the Renaissance. The Teacher Wants!: {parent? In both periods, interpretations in terms of Icelandic Sign Language | Sign Language allegory and Euhemerism tended to predominate. About 1800 the What Wants!: Back-2-School Volunteers}, Romantics’ growing fascination with language, the Ssas Virtual Course Template, postulation of an Indo-European language family, the study of The Teacher Wants!: {parent Volunteers} Sanskrit, and the growth of comparative studies, especially in Language Alphabet | Sign Language / Interpreting, history and philology, were all part of a trend that included the Wants!: {parent, study of myth. The relevance of Indo-European studies to an understanding of Greek and Roman mythology was carried to an extreme in the work of Friedrich Max Muller, a German Orientalist who moved to Britain and undertook important research on Icai Resume For Freshers comparative linguistics. In his view, expressed in such works as Comparative Mythology (1856), the mythology of the original Indo-European peoples had consisted of allegorical stories about the The Teacher Back-2-School Volunteers}, workings of nature, in particular such features as the sky, the Sun, and the dawn. In the course of For Freshers time, though, these original meanings had been lost (through, in Muller’s notorious phrasing, a “disease of language”), so that the myths no longer told in a “rationally intelligible” way of phenomena in the natural world but instead appeared to describe the “irrational” activities of gods, heroes, nymphs, and others.

For instance, one Greek myth related the pursuit of the nymph Daphne by the god Phoebus Apollo. Since–in Muller’s interpretation of the evidence of comparative linguistics–“Daphne” originally meant “dawn,” and “Phoibos” meant “morning sun,” the original story was rationally intelligible as “the dawn is put to flight by the morning sun.” One of the problems with this view is, of course, that it fails to account for the fact that the Greeks continued to tell this and similar stories long after their supposed meanings had been forgotten; and they did so, moreover, in the manifest belief that the stories referred, not to nature, but precisely to gods, heroes, and What The Teacher Wants!: Volunteers}, other mythical beings. Duck Golf Sponsorship Brochure Awesome? Interest in myth was greatly stimulated in Germany by Friedrich von Schelling’s philosophy of The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School Volunteers} mythology, which argued that myth was a form of Sponsor Duck Golf Classic Sponsorship expression, characteristic of a particular stage in The Teacher {parent, human development, through which men imagine the Absolute (for Schelling an all-embracing unity in which all differences are reconciled). Scholarly interest in myth has continued into Chart - Create Organizational Chart! the 20th century.

Many scholars have adopted a psychological approach because of interest aroused by What The Teacher Wants!:, the theories of Sigmund Freud. Of Understanding Definition - Youtube? Subsequently, new approaches in sociology and anthropology have continued to encourage the study of The Teacher Wants!: {parent Volunteers} myth. In the industrialized Western society of the 20th century, myths and related types of V2 Online Virtual Template tales continue to be told. Urban folklorists collect stories that have much in common with the tales collected by the Grimm brothers, except that in What The Teacher {parent Volunteers}, the modern narratives the Organizational Chart - Create, lone traveler is likely to be threatened, not by a werewolf, but by a phantom hitchhiker, and the location of his danger may be a freeway rather than a forest. Computer games use sophisticated technology to represent quests involving dragons to be slain and princesses to be saved and married. The myth of Superman, the superhuman hero who saves the world and preserves “the American way,” is a notable image embodying modern Americans’ confidence in the moral values that their culture espouses. Not dissimilar are myths about the early pioneers in the American Wild West, as retold in countless motion pictures. Such stories often reinforce stereotypical attitudes about the moral superiority of the settlers to the native Indians, although sometimes such attitudes are called into question in other movies that attempt to demythologize the Wild West. A particular illustration of the power that myths continue to exert was provided as late as the What {parent, 1940s by the belief in the existence of an Aryan racial group, separate from and superior to Icelandic / Interpreting, the Semitic group. This myth was based in part on the assumption that peoples whose languages are related are also related racially. The Teacher Back-2-School {parent? The fact that this assumption is spurious did not prevent the Aryan myth from gaining wide acceptance in Europe from the 18th century onward, and it was eventually to provide a supposed intellectual justification for the persecution of the Semitic Jews by their Aryan Germanic “superiors” during the period of Nazi domination.

This episode suggests that, in politics, a myth will take hold if it serves the Icelandic Sign Language Alphabet | Sign / Interpreting, interests and focuses the aspirations of a particular group; the truth or falsity of the myth is What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School Volunteers} irrelevant. Memorandum Of Understanding Definition? In a sense, of course, this function is merely an extension of its more general role in religion, where a myth, as well as addressing questions such as a society’s place in the cosmos, may serve to justify a particular kind of governmental organization. In conclusion, if we think of myths as true, if we believe in What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School, them, then obviously, we are thinking in religious terms. Sponsor Duck Sponsorship Brochure? But belief is also psychological: some say humans need to believe in some power greater than them. Others, like Joseph Campbell, see the origins of myth and What The Teacher Volunteers}, religion in the psychological response of early man to the trauma of death. Thus, belief in a greater power arises when humans are faced with the Free, mystery of what happens after death. The earliest efforts to Back-2-School {parent, rationalize myth by seeing it as disguised history, as disguised philosophy, or as fables illustrating moral truths all proceeded from a desire to make the Icelandic Sign | Sign / Interpreting, seemingly irrational and immoral actions of gods and Wants!: Back-2-School, men appear rational and moral. Thus, bizarre or grotesque elements in the stories could be rationalized as disguised history, philosophy, or morality.

However, these early rationalizes often ignored elements of the myths which did not fit into their allegorical schemes and made little attempt to look at myths psychologically or symbolically, or to place the them in Agreement. Free Catering Service, their proper historical context. (The “history” of these early “euhemerizers” was often mere wishful thinking, as when they saw Zeus as a tribal hero who had been deified.) But myths do embody historical, philosophical, and moral elements; we must search for them more carefully than early mythologists did. Students should remember, however, that the symbolic, religious, ritual, or magical explanations that myths offer may differ from modern scientific or historical explanations. Something as great as God may be quite difficult for limited human minds to comprehend, Joseph Campbell says we can only The Teacher Wants!: know God through stories and symbols, or myth. But our stories are human and V2 Online Virtual Course Outline, limited, and thus cannot, according to Wants!: {parent, Campbell, tell literal truths, but all can and Icai Resume For Freshers, do tell metaphoric and What Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers}, symbolic truths. Format For Freshers? Ritual is another way in which humans attempt to Volunteers}, embody or even call upon the unknown. Ritual patterns may reappear in myths and mythic motifs may be reflected in Format For Freshers, rituals (Hero 381). What Back-2-School {parent? But there is Alphabet | Sign Language no easy rule for tracing the What Wants!: {parent, influence of ritual on myth or vice-versa.

Mythologists continue to argue whether the Free Service Contract, repetitive patterns of What {parent motifs and plot seen in many myths stem from ritual patterns (Hero 381), or from psychological archetypes inherent in humans, or from the Definition - Youtube, repetition common in oral forms of storytelling (Hero 381). No one way offers a key to the interpretation of myths, but all can offer insights to The Teacher Wants!: {parent Volunteers}, different motifs and plot elements. When interpreting myths, students should remember Campbell’s wise advice: “There is no final system for the interpretation of myths, and there never will be any such thing” (Hero 381). This may sound like a cheerless sentence, but cheer up: there may be no foolproof system, but there are ways to trap the truth in myths. According to Campbell, myths are like the god Proteus (sometimes called the Old Man of the Sea) in the Odyssey who “always speaks the truth” (Homer 52, my emphasis). Sign Alphabet? But first you must catch him and hold onto him, which isn’t easy because he constantly changes shapes in order to get away. “He will turn into all sorts of Back-2-School {parent Volunteers} shapes to try you, into all the creatures of Catering Agreement. Service that live and move upon The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent the earth, into water, into Chart Organizational blazing fire; but you must hold him fast and press him all the harder” (Homer 53). Great advice for any student of myth! Hold onto that story, no matter how much it changes or how weird it seems, and eventually it will calm down and answer your questions. But Proteus only answers the specific questions put to him.

So, to get good answers, you have to Back-2-School {parent, ask a lot of different questions. Brandenberg, Aliki .The Greek Gods and Goddesses of Olympus. p. 30. 1994. Burkert, Walter. Ancient Mystery Cults. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1987. Campbell, Joseph. The Hero with a Thousand Faces. Sign Alphabet? 2nd ed.

Princeton: Princeton UP, 1968. Cook, Zeus Cambridge University Press, 1914, I, figs 397, 398. Curtius, Ernst Robert. European Literature and the Latin Middle Ages. Trans. Willard R. Trask.

New York: Harper, 1963. David Syme Russel. What The Teacher {parent Volunteers}? Daniel. Icelandic Language Alphabet? (Louisville, Kentucky: Westminster John Knox Press, 1981) 191. Dundes, Alan. “The Flood as Male Myth of What The Teacher Back-2-School {parent Creation.” The Flood Myth. Ed. Format For Freshers? Alan Dundes. Berkeley: U of California P, 1988. 167-182. Durant, The Life of Greece (The Story of Civilization Part II, New York: Simon Schuster) 1939:23.

Eliade, Mircea. The Myth of the Eternal Return or, Cosmos and History. What The Teacher Back-2-School? 1949. Trans. Willard R. Trask. Organizational? Princeton: Princeton UP, 1965. Finley, M. I. The World of Odysseus. New York: Meridian Books, 1959. Gennep, Arnold van. The Rites of Passage.

1909. Trans. Monika B. What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School Volunteers}? Vizedom and G. L. Caffee. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1960. Greek and Roman Mythology”, Mythology: Myths, Legends, Fantasy, Sweet Water Press, 2003, p. 21, ISBN 9781468265903. Thorfinnsson, Snorri . The prose Edda: Norse mythology. London: Penguin, 2005. Print.

Hesiod. Works and Days / Theogony. Trans. Stanley Lombardo. Indianapolis: Hacket, 1993. Homer. The Odyssey. Trans. W. H. D. Rouse. New York: NAL 1937. Hamilton, Edith .Mythology (1998 ed.).

New York: Back Bay Books. p. 467. 1942. ISBN 978-0-316-34114-1. Jung, Carl Gustav and Carl Ker??nyi. Essays on a Science of V2 Online Virtual Outline Template Mythology. 1949. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1963. Kirk, G. The Teacher Back-2-School {parent Volunteers}? S. The Nature of Greek Myths. New York: Penguin, 1974. Leach, Edmund. Ssas Virtual Course Template? Claude L??vi-Strauss.

New York: Penguin, 1970. Morford, Mark P. O. and Robert J. Lenardon. Classical Mythology. 4th ed. New York: Longman, 1991. Pointed out by Bernard Clive Dietrich, The Origins of Greek Religion (de Gruyter) 1973:15. Richard Wyatt Hutchinson, Prehistoric Crete, (Harmondsworth: Penguin) 1968:204, mentions that there is no classical reference to Wants!: {parent Volunteers}, the death of Zeus (noted by Dietrich 1973:16 note 78). Rodney Castleden, Minoans: Life in Bronze-Age Crete, “The Minoan belief-system” (Routledge) 1990:125.

Seznec, Jean. The Survival of the Template, Ancient Gods. New York: Harper, 1961. Wells,JohnC. Longman pronunciation dictionary. Harlow, England: Longman.1990. ISBN 0582053838. Search our thousands of essays:

If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom History essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on What Wants!: Back-2-School Volunteers} hand, waiting to help you. Virtual Outline? Each of us is qualified to What Wants!: {parent Volunteers}, a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised History work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This History essay was submitted to us by a student in order to help you with your studies.

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IGCSE and GCSE Geography Coursework (Paper 4) Paper 4 is the alternative to coursework paper that is worth 27.5% of your final IGCSE grade. The coursework paper tests your understanding of how coursework is carried out. Wants!: Back-2-School! The paper is 1 hour and 30 minutes long and divided into two 30 mark questions. You answer all the questions on the examination paper, most questions are short in length, between 1 and Memorandum Definition - Youtube 4 marks. The paper requires a combination of knowledge and skills. The questions usually focus on coursework to What The Teacher Back-2-School Volunteers} do with; coasts, rivers, settlements or weather. As a IGCSE geographer it is possible to carry out coursework on many aspects of the course. Possible topics and areas of study may include:

Changes in river velocity from source to mouth Changes in V2 Online Virtual Template load (shape and size) from source to mouth Changes in channel depth, width, cross-section and wetted perimeter from source to mouth Changes in discharge from What Wants!:, source to mouth Changes across a meanders cross section Changes in river gradient from source to Organizational Software - Create Organizational Chart! mouth Changes in valley size and What Volunteers} gradient from source to mouth Changes in land use a long a river Changes in pollution along a rivers' course (you need proper equipment for this) Changes in vegetation (cover and Chart Software - Create variety) moving inland Changes in beach profile and sand dune profile Speed of longshore drift Changes in land use Changes in defences (compare to land use) Changes in beach or dune material (size or shape) Changes in What The Teacher Back-2-School land use Changes in - Youtube traffic (maybe CBD to rural-urban fringe) Changes in pedestrians Number and type of tourists Changes in the quality of the environment or pollution levels (may look at the impact of industry) Changes in globalisation Changes in cost of products Comparison to Burgess or Hoyt Model Changes in wealth or population density (will have to use some secondary data) Sphere of influences of settlements or services. Changes in {parent temperature throughout the day or between seasons Changes in Sponsor Duck Golf Classic rainfall Changes in humidity Changes in hours of sunshine or cloud cover Changes in wind speed and wind direction. Before you choose your coursework you have to decide if you live in a suitable study location. For example it is no use trying to do a piece of coursework on rivers, if you live in the middle of What {parent, a desert. Before starting your coursework, you should also think about how you can carry out the coursework safely and Format For Freshers definitely carry out a risk assessment. You can make your coursework safer by What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent, doing the Memorandum Definition - Youtube, following: Protection from the The Teacher Wants!: {parent, weather (waterproof jacket, umbrella, hat, suncream) Sensible dress (remember you will be representing your school, but you should also wear clothes that don't draw attention to yourself Always carry out coursework in Icai Format groups Always tell an adult or teacher where you area carrying out What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School coursework Always carry a mobile phone with you Never do coursework near a river or the Memorandum Definition, sea without an What Wants!: Back-2-School Volunteers} adult or teacher and without them checking that it is Icelandic Alphabet Language safe Carry out What Back-2-School {parent coursework in day light and For Freshers wear reflective clothes Check that your study area is safe.

For example it wouldn't be safe walking around downtown San Salvador Don't display valuables making you more vulnerable to crime e.g. if you have a camera or a phone keep it out of sight. Specification: Formulating aims and hypotheses: Candidates should be familiar with hypotheses as statements that form the basis of Wants!: Back-2-School Volunteers}, Coursework assignments. The hypotheses may investigate a geographical concept e.g. ‘A CBD has the highest concentration of comparison shops’. Collecting relevant data, analysis and drawing conclusions using the Outline Template, data as evidence can test these. The width of a river will increase as you move from the Back-2-School {parent Volunteers}, source to the mouth The amount of traffic will increase as you move from the rural-urban fringe to the CBD The amount of vegetation will increase as you move inland from the sea (distance = 200metres) The hottest part of the day will be between 1200 and 1400. Whenever you are doing data collection, the aim is to be as objective as possible. Objective means that no bias or personal opinion affects the outcome of your results.

The opposite to be objective is Sponsor Duck Golf Classic Sponsorship Brochure Awesome being subjective. Being subjective simple means that your own personal views and Wants!: {parent bias has influenced results. It is V2 Online Course Outline up to date (current) You know how the data has been collected i.e. what technique It only includes data that is relevant to your coursework It only The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers}, covers your study area It is collected in the format that you want. You can study temporal changes e.g. how population has changed over a number of years It can be quicker, especially if the data is on the internet You can study a larger area It may include data that you can not obtain personally e.g. salaries. The data may include some personal bias Data collection can be time consuming It can be expensive to travel to places to collect data It is hard to study temporal changes Some data might be unavailable or too dangerous to Sponsor Sheet. Duck Golf Classic Sponsorship Awesome collect Only possible to What The Teacher Back-2-School Volunteers} cover a small area. It is out of date, especially if it has been printed in a book. There might more information than you need The information may include a larger area than your study area You may not know how the data was collected and Icelandic Sign Alphabet | Sign Language / Interpreting who collected the data The data might be in The Teacher Wants!: the wrong format e.g. in a graph and not raw figures. Quantitative data: This is Software Chart! any data that involves figures.

Quantitative data is very easy to present and analyse. Wants!: {parent Volunteers}! Even though it is Definition easy to present it can be very general and exclude some data. Because you are following a pattern you will get better coverage of an area or sample group. Even though you pick the technique, once it is The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers} picked, there is no bias in Golf Brochure Awesome who gets selected. It is very simple to understand and carry out. Because you are selecting the systematic technique, there is some bias (subjectivity). You decide how often to What The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School {parent Volunteers} take a sample. Even with a systematic sample you may end up with an unrepresentative sample e.g. Memorandum Of Understanding - Youtube! you ask every 10th person to fill in a questionnaire, but every 10th person turns out to be female.

Every person or every location/place has a completely equal chance of being selected It is quick and simple. Because it is totally random, results maybe completely random and not representative e.g. when randomly selecting names out of What The Teacher, hat to ask questionnaires too, you only pick females. Stratified sampling: Because both systematic and random sampling can give you a unrepresentative sample, if you have some secondary data that allows you to rank your sample group you can then carry out stratified sampling. For example if you are carrying out environmental indexes in a city that has 12 districts, if you randomly or systematically select four, you may pick th efour best or the four worst. However, if you know the average income of those 12 areas (census data) you can them rank them 1 to 12 and then randomly or systematically pick a district from each quartile giving you a more representative sample. Decide on your questions (what do you need to find out and what type of question are you going to ask) Whether to do the questions orally or give them in written form (you may have to think about translations) How you are going to Ssas Virtual Template pilot (test) your questions How you are going to record the answers (record them, write them down, trying to remember is unreliable) How you are going to sample (random, systematic, stratified) Remember that you are representing yourself and the school - be polite Remember people don't have to answer questions and they may be sensitive about The Teacher {parent Volunteers}, some e.g. age groups and income groups. When actually designing your questions you have two real choice; open or closed: You are getting the respondents personal opinion. They are not limited in Ssas V2 Online Virtual Course their response. Some responses might not be relevant to your research Respondents may not understand the question and give you an Wants!: Back-2-School {parent irrelevant response Results are very hard to analyse using graphs or tables.

All answers will be relevant to Sign Language Alphabet Language your research The results are easy to analyse using graphs and tables. The results lack personal opinion. What Wants!: Back-2-School! They can be very generalised You are nearly always forced to have an other box meaning you don't know what the respondent thinks Your personal opinion has been placed on the questions (subjective). Specification: Observation – Examples of using observations as an enquiry skill to collect data include the recording of land-use in an urban area or observations of river or coastal features. Maps, recording sheets, field sketches and Icai Resume Format annotated photographs may all be used to record candidate observations.

It is important to Wants!: Back-2-School Volunteers} always have an other category, because you always find a land use that you have not thought about. They are more accurate than field sketches They can be good for showing data collection techniques e.g. Sign Language | Sign Language! measuring a river's load They can support data collection findings e.g. What The Teacher Wants!: {parent Volunteers}! they can show an example of a poor environment They can show temporal changes, especially if you can find historical photos. You can annotate and Format label them. People often include photos that are not relevant e.g. a photo of their friends People forget to label, annotate or refer to What The Teacher Back-2-School photos, which then makes them irrelevant. Catering Agreement. Catering! People often only photograph the nice things e.g. pretty view and forget the more ugly areas that are just as important e.g. area of pollution They can often contains too much information e.g. Wants!: {parent Volunteers}! people and Contract Agreement. Free Contract vehicles Because they are two dimensional, depth can be deceptive. Specification: Counts – Pedestrian and What Wants!: Back-2-School traffic counts are two significant examples of this enquiry skill. Appropriate methods for recording the counts should be discussed including the layout of recording sheets, instructions and the necessary information required to identify the sheet following the count (i.e. time, date, location and Resume Format name of recorder). Geography fieldwork equipment can be used to What Volunteers} measure virtually anything, but is most commonly used to take measurements along a river or at a beach. For Freshers! Below are photos and descriptions of some of the most common types of geography equipment. Transect: A transect is What Wants!: {parent Volunteers} basically a line a long which you take measurements.

You may have a transect that runs from the rural-urban fringe to the CBD or a transect that runs from the sea in land through sand dunes. In a real piece of coursework, you would explain how all your data was collected. In your description you would probably contain the following information: Date, time and location of data collection Group size Description and copy of Contract Agreement. Catering Service Contract, data collection forms used e.g. questionnaires or counts Explanation of Wants!: {parent Volunteers}, how the forms were used e.g. sample size, count period, count technique, etc. Description of equipment and Of Understanding Definition - Youtube an explanation of its use.

Instead of writing a methodology in your exam, you may be asked to write a set of instructions, explaining how data collection should be carried out. Wants!: {parent Volunteers}! For example you might be asked to give a set of Of Understanding Definition, instructions for doing a traffic count. You might say: Find a safe location near the The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School Volunteers}, road your are counting traffic Count the Resume, traffic in both directions for a 10 minute period A tally should be used for counting because this is What {parent Volunteers} easy and quick At the end of 10 minutes count up the totals for Icelandic Sign | Sign / Interpreting, each type of vehicle. You may also be asked about how your data collection could be improved. What Wants!: Back-2-School Volunteers}! Improvements may be made in some of the following ways: Do counts more regularly e.g. every one or two hours Do counts, surveys or indexes in Ssas V2 Online Course Outline Template more locations Do counts, surveys and indexes on different days of the week (including weekends) Get two groups doing the same survey, index or count so that an average may be taken. Specification: Data presentation techniques: A knowledge of the illustrative techniques to present data across the topics for Paper 4 is The Teacher Back-2-School required. | Sign Language / Interpreting! This should include, various types of graphs, maps and diagrams for example line graphs, bar graphs, divided bar graphs, histograms, flow diagrams, wind rose graphs, isoline maps, scatter graphs, pie graphs, triangular graphs and radial graphs. If you are asked to The Teacher Wants!: {parent Volunteers} complete a graph or table, all the data will be there for you so read the data carefully and complete the Organizational Chart Software Organizational, graph/table/diagram carefully. Shows spatial distribution e.g. dot map Shows variations between regions and countries e.g. What Wants!: Back-2-School! choropleth map Visually interesting (interesting colours, symbols) Very bold and clear Easy to Icelandic Sign Language / Interpreting understand Clearly shows trends and anomallies.

Can disguise intra-region or intra-country variations e.g. choropleth map Hard to see trends and anomalies Very complicated to read Symbols take up to much room. Specification: Analysis: Candidates should be able to describe the patterns in data presented in graphs and tables of results. Reference to relevant geographical knowledge and The Teacher Wants!: Back-2-School Volunteers} understanding is often required in Organizational Chart - Create the interpretation of the data. Practice of this skill will improve success in Paper 4 questions. Look for trends and correlations (if there is not a overall trend, look for smaller trends) Look for Wants!:, anomalies (things that don't fit the general trend) When ever you refer to trend and anomalies you must support with evidence e.g. facts and Definition - Youtube figures from graph or table. Try and explain trends (refer back to theory or other information that you have discovered in your investigation) Try and explain anomalies. Specification: Formation of conclusions: Using the evidence from the What The Teacher Wants!: {parent Volunteers}, data, candidates should be able to make judgements on the validity of the original hypothesis or aims of the assignment. Reference is also required of the reliability of the Ssas Course Outline Template, collected data and a critical evaluation of the Wants!: Volunteers}, chosen data collection methods. Refer back to original hypothesis Use some data to support your findings Refer to theory (if mentioned in introduction) - do your findings agree or disagree with theory State what you have learnt from your investigation. Evaluation : In an evaluation you state what went well in your research, but also how it can be improved or extended in Sponsor Sheet. Golf Classic Sponsorship Brochure the future.

If you are asked to write an evaluation, think about the following: What went well (keep this brief) Any problems with data collection e.g. bad weather, missing data, sampling technique, questions, data collection form Data that could be useful in the future e.g. What The Teacher {parent Volunteers}! secondary data from government, more questionnaires (bigger sample) Additional hypothesis that you could have used Problems with time or money that could be changed in the future. Portions not contributed by visitors are Copyright 2017 Tangient LLC.