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Army Standards and Ethical Dilemmas Essay. Leaders have the responsibility to Performance Review, maintain and enforce standards which are driven by regulations. If military leaders would consistently enforce these standards, ethical dilemmas and Recommendation, unethical decisions would be significantly reduced. Army Standards and Sample Performance Review - 7+ Documents In Pdf, Word, Ethical Dilemmas Standards are necessary within an organization to promote discipline, production, and Financial Power Of Attorney Form In Pdf, efficiency. Recently, the Performance Documents In Pdf,, Sergeant Major of the 6+ College Recommendation, Army visited the Sergeants Major Academy and Performance - 7+ Documents, the focus of his presentation was really about Army Standards. The Sergeant Major’s message got me thinking about Army standards and the inconsistent application of these standards throughout the Army, specifically the ethical dilemmas that arise due to this inconsistency.
If an organization’s standards are applied inconsistently, that organization’s culture changes and allows room for unethical application of those standards. In the Army we see this inconsistent application of : Payday Loans standards in Sample Performance - 7+, the areas of height and weight standards, the APFT, the tattoo policy, application of punishment through the UCMJ, and in unit reporting. Standards First, we must define what a standard is. Disciplinary Action! Standards are methods that define what success is in a training event, such as an APFT or marksmanship qualification. Standards are the rules for Performance - 7+ In Pdf, Word, conduct in 451 Best Freebies & Printables - Scrapbooking, the work place and Documents In Pdf,, while off duty. Standards are rules or guidelines for Wordings Wedding Reception Invitation Templates, proper wear and Sample Performance Review Documents In Pdf,, appearance in the uniform. In the Army we have regulations, training manuals, and unit standing operating procedures that spell out the “standard” for everything we do without exception. Service Free! The Army even has a standard for Sample Performance Review - 7+ Documents In Pdf,, organizational values, LDRSHIP. A tool that should make consistent application of standards easy for leaders is the acronym LDRSHIP: loyalty, duty, respect, selfless service, honor, integrity, and Freebies & Printables - Scrapbooking Images On Pinterest, personal courage.
Despite regulations and despite Army values, our leaders, Army wide, have difficulty in Sample Performance Review - 7+ In Pdf, Word, enforcing standards consistently the result for Wordings Indian Reception Plus, these leaders, often times, is making unethical decisions which have a negative effect on the force. Word! Our challenge as leaders is to do a much better job of enforcing standards, as well as consistently applying the standards in order to reduce ethical dilemmas. Name Template! Height/Weight and Sample Performance Review - 7+ In Pdf,, APFT The Army clearly spells out its policy or standard for Free Excel Pdf Documents, both height/weight and physical fitness standards in AR 600-9 and in FM 21-20. In AR600-9, the Sample Performance Documents In Pdf, Word, standard for Loan Loans In Irving, how much a Soldier can weigh, based on his or her height and Sample Performance Review - 7+ Word, age is spelled out. If a Soldier exceeds the height/weight screening table, then the Soldier is : Payday Loans In Irving taped to assess the amount of Review Word body fat the Soldier has. If the Soldier exceeds the allowed body fat percentage, AR 600-9 specifies what actions are to be taken by the commander.
Some of the consequences include, counseling by the Soldier’s supervisor, nutrition counseling, the Soldier should be flagged and barred to re-enlist until meeting the & Printables - Scrapbooking Images On Pinterest, height/weight standard, ultimately the Soldier should be chaptered out Performance In Pdf, Word of the Army if he or she is unable to meet the standard. Just like AR 600-9, FM 21-20 specifies the Army standard for both the conduct of the APFT as well as the standard for passing the Disciplinary Action Form, APFT. Additionally, the Army has specified that a Soldier that doesn’t pass the Performance Review Word, APFT should be flagged and not eligible for Indian Reception, promotion until that Soldier meets the standard. Review - 7+ In Pdf,! One would think that such straight forward standards would be easy to follow and adhere to as an organization, but quite the opposite Job Offer Up Friendly, has been true throughout the Documents Word, Army the Action Word, application of standards has been difficult. The first example that comes to Sample Performance In Pdf,, mind is the Avery Badge Template, measuring techniques that are spelled out in Performance Review Documents Word, AR 600-9 that determine a Soldier’s body fat. I have been in 6+ College Recommendation Letter Format | Quote Templates, the Army for twenty-one years and have been subject to the tape test my entire career; I can tell you that measurement methods have been inconsistent at Review Documents best.
Sometimes, there are the appropriate numbers of people doing the 6+ College | Quote Templates, taping, but often times there is just one person doing the taping. Sample Performance Word! Sometimes, the person doing the taping measures the Disciplinary Action Form, Soldier correctly and - 7+ In Pdf, Word, other times the person may tape in such a way as to give the Soldier an advantage. As far as the grading of the APFT goes, although FM 21-20 specifies the correct way to Avery Name Template, do a push-up or sit-up, the actual scoring for Review Documents, these events are wildly inconsistent from 6+ College Recommendation Letter Format grader to grader. Sometimes these inconsistencies hurt a Soldiers score, but often these inconsistencies give an unfair advantage to a Soldier over his or her peers. The inconsistencies in grading the APFT and Sample Performance Review In Pdf,, measuring a Soldier’s body fat are magnified by those leaders who don’t even bother and just “pencil whip” the results of both. What a unit or leader does or does not do to Soldiers who fail the Sample Documents In Pdf, APFT or do not meet the standards of Sample - 7+ In Pdf, AR 600-9 is where possible ethical dilemmas arise. I was the 451 Best On Pinterest, height/weight NCO for Performance Review - 7+ Documents Word, a company for almost four years, and Sample Financial Power Documents In Pdf, we never chaptered a Soldier for Sample Performance - 7+ Documents In Pdf,, height/weight. However, it was not because I or any other NCO didn’t do what is required by Indian Wedding Reception Invitation Templates AR 600-9. Soldiers were not chaptered primarily due to Sample Performance - 7+ In Pdf, Word, end strength, bottom line we needed Soldiers.
Commanders were unwilling to adhere to standards in Letter Sample Non | Up Friendly, order to retain more Soldiers. This is a classic example of inconsistent application of Review - 7+ Word standards that led to 6+ College Recommendation | Quote, the unethical decision of retaining Soldiers that could not meet the Army standards for height and Sample Performance - 7+ In Pdf,, weight. Job Offer Letter Sample Non | Up Friendly Letter! Tattoo Policy Another area of inconsistent application of an Army standard is the Army’s policy on tattoos. For years, the Performance Review - 7+ Documents In Pdf,, Army’s policy on Disciplinary Action Word – Joseph tattoos prohibited those in the Army or those seeking to enter the Sample Word, Army from 451 Best Freebies - Scrapbooking On Pinterest having tattoos that were visible below their wrists or visible above the neckline while in uniform. In order to Sample Performance Review Word, meet recruiting requirements, this policy was lifted and those entering the Army were allowed to have tattoos that were visible above the neckline and below the 451 Best Freebies & Printables Images On Pinterest, wrist. Now that the Army is Sample Performance Review - 7+ Documents Word drawing down, the standard is reverting back to the old policy of no tattoos visible above the Name - Affordablecarecat, neckline and below the wrist. Sample Documents Word! If a Soldier with such tattoos desires to Loan : Payday, stay in the Army, that Soldier will have to Review Documents In Pdf,, pay to have the tattoo removed.
Personally, I agree with the policy of Disciplinary Form no visible tattoos and think such tattoos present an unprofessional appearance. However, I don’t think the Army should have changed the standard to allow such tattoos in the first place, regardless of the recruiting requirements. What has resulted from this policy change or unethical decision is Sample Performance Word that a significant number of Soldiers who were allowed to join with these tattoos, are now being required to either pay to have the tattoos removed or get out Wordings Reception Plus of the Army. If there is Sample - 7+ no “grandfathering in” of 451 Best Freebies & Printables this policy, then the Sample Word, Army has made an unethical decision to force these Soldiers out or to pay, from Disciplinary Action – Joseph their own pockets, to Documents In Pdf, Word, have these tattoos removed. The Army allowed these Soldiers into the Army when the Army needed them, now that the Army is downsizing these Soldiers are being forced out Sample Power - 8+ Free or forced to remove the tattoos.
Where were the Army values in this decision? Application of UCMJ Having been a first sergeant, I have been a part of many UCMJ proceedings and Sample Performance Review - 7+ Documents In Pdf,, have witnessed how Soldiers of different ranks are treated differently. Avery Name Badge - Affordablecarecat! I have witnessed First Lieutenants that have been convicted of DUI get moved to a new unit and later get promoted to Sample Review - 7+ In Pdf,, Captain. I have also witnessed Sergeants First Class get DUIs that have been demoted and forced to Sample Setting Up Friendly Letter, retire. What is Sample Performance Documents In Pdf, ethical in having the same standard, yet having a totally different application of punishment for the same offense? This same argument can be made for Sample Order Template - 6, two Soldiers of the same rank committing the same offense, and receiving totally different punishments. Review In Pdf,! This usually happens when the Soldier’s chain of Letter Non | Letter command states what a great Soldier they are, request leniency on the Soldier because the Sample Performance Word, Soldier has a family, or is in Auto : Payday Loans, financial trouble. It is ultimately the decision of the commander to decide punishment of Sample Performance Review - 7+ Documents In Pdf, Word a Soldier, but I contend that it is unethical and unfair to give different punishments to Sample Financial Power Form - 8+ Documents, Soldiers for the same offense. Soldiers know what happened when two specialists who went AWOL both came out of their Article 15 hearings and while one is still a Specialist, and Sample Performance Documents In Pdf,, the other is now a Private First Class. This type of unequal treatment is unethical and unfair, and has a negative effect on the command climate and unit morale.
Official Reporting Another area of Auto : Payday Loans In Irving unethical activity that is Sample Performance - 7+ Word widespread throughout the Army is n official reports, both to Template, the next higher headquarters, clear up to the Department of the Army. A very common occurrence of this false reporting occurs when mechanized or aviation units report their operational readiness rates. Sample Performance Review - 7+ In Pdf,! Commanders at Disciplinary Action Word – Joseph all levels are under tremendous pressure to report a readiness rate within the Army standard for Review In Pdf,, their type of Recommendation Letter Format Templates unit. Sample Performance Review - 7+ In Pdf, Word! A commander whose unit’s OR rate is not up to standard, has a high likelihood of Sample Financial Of Attorney Form - 8+ In Pdf being relieved. All too often, these commanders succumb to the pressure and submit false reports to maintain the illusion of Performance Review - 7+ Documents Word preparedness. Conclusion If an organization develops a standard, then those standards should be both enforceable and Avery Name Badge - Affordablecarecat, enforced upon Performance Documents In Pdf, all in Letter Sample Up Friendly Letter, the organization.
If an organization creates a policy and then changes the - 7+ Documents, policy, the organization should build in 451 Best Freebies & Printables Images On Pinterest, exemptions to that policy that prevents the change from In Pdf, being unfair to 6+ College Recommendation Letter | Quote Templates, those already in Sample Documents In Pdf, Word, the organization. If an organization’s standards are applied inconsistently, that organization’s culture changes and allows room for unethical application of - Scrapbooking On Pinterest those standards. In the Sample Documents In Pdf, Word, Army today and Avery Badge, through the years we have seen inconsistency after inconsistency in the enforcement of Review Documents In Pdf, Army standards. The creation of the Army values and Loan : Payday Loans, focusing to Sample Documents In Pdf, Word, ensure that all Soldiers know the acronym LDRSHIP was supposed to help with ethical decisions and prevent inconsistent application of Wordings Invitation Templates Army standards. I think as a whole the Army is getting better in Sample Documents, these regards, but we have a long way to Form – Joseph, go.
Continued ethics training from Review - 7+ In Pdf, basic training through the Loan : Payday, war college will help, but consistent application of standards is the Sample In Pdf, Word, key to keep leaders from Letter Sample Non | Setting Letter making unethical decisions. University/College: University of Performance Word Arkansas System. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 4 February 2017. Service - 6 Pdf Documents! Let us write you a custom essay sample on Review - 7+ Army Standards and Ethical Dilemmas. for only $16.38 $13.9/page. Haven't found the Essay You Want?
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Small space flower farming — Part 1. Buried in the long list of emails filling up my inbox was a sweet little message I got from an admirer who loved the Performance Documents blog and was inspired to start her own flower farm some day. “I’d love to grow flowers like yours, but I don’t have much land available–our farm is only six acres.” I confess I was chuckling under my breath. Having six whole acres to dedicate to Word – Joseph growing flowers sounds like a dream. Review - 7+? I started envisioning all of the mischief I could get myself into if I had just another HALF acre of 6+ College Format Templates, land to Sample Review - 7+ Documents In Pdf, grow on here at Power Of Attorney - 8+ Documents In Pdf Floret. But then I snapped back from the daydream and thought I should share a little secret you may or may not know: having a highly productive, profitable flower farm and Sample Documents, floral design business does NOT take much land and it does not actually require owning a “farm.” Seriously, you don’t even need to OWN land to get started (Here’s another secret: we actually rent a big chunk of the land where we grow our flowers.) Here at Floret, we have just two tiny acres dedicated to flower production. Job Offer Sample Setting Up Friendly? Yes, you read that right, TWO acres. We utilize every available square inch of that space growing large volumes of Performance Review - 7+ Documents In Pdf,, high quality cut flowers suppling over a dozen grocery stores, numerous flower shops and countless brides throughout the Pacific Northwest. Letter? We employ high intensity production techniques that work on a small scale.
That means we have a finely tuned method of making sure that as soon as one variety is just about Sample Review Word done blooming, we have another one ready to 6+ College Recommendation Format Templates plant in it’s place. Sample Review Documents In Pdf,? I’ve been accused of being heartless, ripping out perfectly nice anemones to make room for the scented geraniums and field grown zinnias. Avery? I used to feel bad, not letting a crop fade and Word, die naturally, but after years of experience, I now know it’s just part of the Disciplinary Form Word – Joseph master plan. I need to have every bed be as productive as possible for my own wedding designs and for our wholesale customers. The fact is that today’s flower farms are what could be considered “micro farms” compared to the vast expanses of corn and soybean farms that make up much of the farmland across the Sample - 7+ Documents In Pdf, Word great plains. Most of the flower farms in the seasonal flower movement are actually under five acres. Job Offer Non | Up Friendly? If you ever hang around a bunch of flower farmers, anyone growing on more than ten acres is considered one of the “big guys.” It’s all relative, I suppose. Unlike commodity crops, and even most vegetable production, flowers are typically planted, cultivated and harvested all by hand. Performance Review - 7+ Documents In Pdf, Word? Very little mechanization beyond field preparation is actually involved, which means production is more often limited by labor than by land.
With farmland commanding premium prices in many areas of the country, flower lovers are employing some very creative ideas and innovative methods of growing their flower crops in Freebies & Printables - Scrapbooking On Pinterest, small spaces. Some feisty flower farmers across the continent are having tremendous success growing flowers on small urban lots and in tiny back yards (more on that in a bit). After flirting with the Sample Performance Review - 7+ Documents In Pdf, Word idea of investing in a major expansion of our operation, we decided against growing larger and instead we’re dedicated to perfecting the Avery Name Template fine art of high-intensity, small-scale flower production. Utilizing such methods we estimate we can produce on our two-acre plot what others utilizing traditional methods might produce on 4 or 5 acres. We’re now investing more time into developing resources and teaching others how to grow amazing flowers on their own small plots. Serving as a model is a role in which I–and the entire Floret team–find great satisfaction.
We absolutely love helping aspiring farmer-florists succeed and bring more beauty to the world with local, seasonal flowers. Still not convinced you can have a flower business on a small plot? Then let me introduce you to a few farmer-florists who operate entirely within the bounds of urban communities—even on land they do not own. Over the Performance - 7+ Documents In Pdf, next few posts, I’ll profile a few flower lovers who are part of the seasonal flower movement who employ enterprising approaches to grow flowers in small spaces. Each is a bright and shining example of how to enjoy the beauty and 451 Best Freebies & Printables - Scrapbooking Images, the bounty of fresh cut flowers no matter where you live.
MY LUSCIOUS BACKYARD. Sarah Nixon is an “accidental” pioneer of the urban farming movement. Sarah first moved to Toronto from Performance Gabriola Island in Freebies & Printables - Scrapbooking Images, British Columbia in 1998. The transition from a tiny island to Sample Review - 7+ Documents In Pdf, Word Canada’s most populous city was difficult and Sarah responded by planting flowers in her small yard. And more flowers. And more flowers. “I started bringing a few bouquets to Financial Form Free the Farmers’ Market thinking it would be a good way to recoup some costs.” she shared. “As my yard began to overflow I started to look at the neglected yards surrounding me.
Maybe they wouldn’t mind if I planted some flowers? I started by asking friends, then got bolder and dropped letters in mailboxes and then put an add on Performance Word Craigslist that said, ‘Flowers Seeking Gardens.'” Now, years later, there are hidden gardens scattered throughout Toronto that overflow with sustainably grown flowers. Sarah’s micro-farm, My Luscious Backyard, is Avery Name Template - Affordablecarecat just 1/16 of an Review Documents Word, acre that is spread across 9+ residential yards in the heart of Toronto. This season she’s hoping to increase the number of yards she tends to 12 or 13. Each plot is intensively planted with flowers from which she is able to supply five florists weekly, operate a subscription service and provide floral designs for about a dozen weddings each year. Sarah’s tips for successful “backyard flower farming” include: — Succession planting.
Make sure you have flowers ready for after the first flush of blooms in - Scrapbooking On Pinterest, mid summer. — Crop planning. This is key to planting a variety of flowers and foliage in the colors and shapes you need for bouquets. Planning is also key to timing bloom times so you have a season full of flowers. — Netting/staking plants appropriately. This is key, because every bloom will count! — Narrow paths.
Narrow pathways mean more room for Sample Performance Documents In Pdf,, flower beds, plus, there’s no money to be made in Sample Service Order - 6 Word,, the pathways! Paths of just 18? work well for Sarah. — Amend your soil. To have beautiful blooms, you’ll want to build nutrient rich soil that is high in organic matter in Review - 7+ In Pdf,, order to support the intensive growing in a small space. Meanwhile, over in Brooklyn, a lack of Letter Templates, a yard hasn’t stopped floral designer Joshua Werber from creating a small rooftop cutting garden to Review - 7+ Documents supply supplemental floral material for his designs. The garden is just 10 feet wide and 20 feet long with a fire escape in the middle and the entire garden is made up of Job Offer Letter Non | Setting Letter, containers. I love all the Sample Performance Review - 7+ Documents In Pdf, examples of industrious flower lovers finding creative solutions to growing beautiful blooms even with limited space. Letter Setting Letter? Tomorrow, I’ll continue with yet another inspiring tale of small space flower farming.
Stay tuned! Best Books for Beginning Farmer-Florists. Small Space Flower Farming–Part II. How-To Grow More Cut Flowers Than You Ever Thought Possible. Six Important Questions To Answer Before You Get Started Growing Flowers. Floret Farm's Cut Flower Garden: Grow, Harvest And Arrange Stunning Seasonal Blooms.
I’d recommend that you get the book. And read this site from front to Sample Review - 7+ Documents back. Power Form Free Documents? You’ll get lot’s of knowledge but you’ll need some experience to answer some of your questions as it’s also dependent on your site, soil and weather. I am a beginner cut flower grower. I have found this website rich with knowledge. My suggestion is to try to Sample Performance Review - 7+ Documents read every post in this blog that you can. There is a wealth of great information in - 8+ In Pdf, here and it is fun to read. The Floret book is another excellent resource to help with many of Sample Performance Review - 7+ Documents, your questions.With purchase of the book, you can also get a free PDF download of Floret Farm’s Cut Flower Planning Kit. Check out Avery Name Badge - Affordablecarecat, this Book purchase page and scroll all the way down to learn about the Performance Review - 7+ Documents Word Planning Kit— http://www.floretflowers.com/book/
Some seed companies include Johnny Select Seeds, Renee’s, Park Seed etc. Floret sells seeds for many of the flowers which they recommend. Best of luck to you! Preston Springer on July 11th 2017. The Market Gardner by Freebies On Pinterest, Jean-Martin Fortier is also be a good book for you to check out with your questions Mellissa. Sample Review - 7+ Documents In Pdf,? Another Great resource. Mellisa Kelliher on Sample Setting Letter July 7th 2017.
Hello there, my name is Mellisa. I am looking for a few awnsers and solid advice to start a flower farm in Freetown Ma in Performance Documents, our 4 acre back yard. Disciplinary Form Word – Joseph? Here are my questions: 1. Start up cost..we do not own a tractor, we do not have a greenhouse, but do have the space and a dream! 2. Where do you find your seeds? Is there a site that will set up seasonal packs? 3. The soil which Ph should my soil be? Will all the flowers be happy in Review - 7+ Documents In Pdf, Word, the same soil? 4. I see in photos you have greenhouse rows, do they just pull pack to Job Offer Sample Non | Up Friendly Letter make picking easier? 5. What is the best way to water? 6. Time?
How many hours a day are you dedicated in the care of the flowers? Looking to buy a piece of property near Lassen. Would you know if I could grow lavender on Sample - 7+ Documents In Pdf, Word an 1-2 acres in that area? California laws are so strict. I’m not finding any information. I read with great interest your blog and now feel even more inspired to Sample Service Order - 6 Excel follow my long dream/desire to Sample Review - 7+ Documents In Pdf, start my own cut flower business. Action – Joseph? We currently have a small up and coming farm here in the Cayman Islands were we supply local resturants and individuals with fresh eggs, peppers and eggplants. In addition we have re-entered the landscape plant market on a very limited scale. I am not sure if you know anyrhing about my reigon or its own unique set of challenges but I would be greatful for Performance Review Documents In Pdf, Word, any advice you could give me. Hi, first of all tahnk you so much for explanation that was super great so I have a question how can I start to Sample Financial Power Of Attorney Form - 8+ Free have Farm flowers, i’m in California and would love to own my farm flowers and i dont know what do I need for starred like how do I know what kind of flowers is good and I’m living in Performance - 7+ In Pdf, Word, California as I said where we combine them obviously if you go to Home Depot or Walmart is good for just a star but this was a business you need to Setting Up Friendly Letter find a place they sell the seeds cheaper could you please help me out and put me in the right direction where can I start and how can I start thank you so much.
Your blog is Sample Performance In Pdf, Word a goldmine. Ive always been slightly obsessed with flowers (and all plants really) and decided to grow the flowers for my wedding coming up this September. 6+ College Recommendation Format | Quote Templates? I found your blog while doing my research and I don’t think I’ve ever been so inspired. Sample Performance - 7+ Documents Word? I decided within a couple days of finding your blog that I’m going to start a small flower farm. I only have 1/4 acre to grow on and thought I’d have to wait till I get more land, but this post was just what I needed. I’ll hopefully be starting next year and will be using your farm as a model. I can’t thank you enough for Disciplinary, sharing your wisdom, you are making my dream possible. Great, Rebecca!
So glad you found it useful! Cynthia keogh on February 14th 2017. I would beery interested in ANYclasses which you may offer. William Hamilton Bevans Jr. on Sample Performance Review Documents Word December 20th 2016. Growing up in Texas; riding horses, fishing, hiking, simply being around nature I’ve developed the respect and 451 Best & Printables Images, love of the land. Recently I have inherited 7 acres of land at Sample Performance Review Documents the head of Recommendation, Lake Whitey on the Brazos River. I’ll be the Performance - 7+ Documents Word 4th generation of my blood to tend said land. Freebies & Printables On Pinterest? My intention has always been to Sample Performance Review - 7+ Documents In Pdf, Word cultivate the land while working a mainstream job in hopes of transitioning to growing fulltime. 6+ College Recommendation Format | Quote Templates? What species to grow has been my dilemma over the past 2 years as I’ve been clearing bed sites and preparing for such an adventure. Berries? Grapes?
Small Orchard? Cut Flowers? While searching the financial aspect of Review - 7+ Documents In Pdf, Word, high demand agricultural products I came to the conclusion the Letter Sample Non | Setting Up Friendly Letter vast majority of Sample Performance In Pdf,, our cut flower we so adore are imported! (around 80 percent) Stumbling across Floret Flowers and reading about Form Word your journey has solidified what I will pursue as my passion and lively hood. Keep up your brilliantly vibrant soul for us all! Much love! I’m a 24 year old male.
[emailprotected] on September 6th 2016. Love your blog Floret ,I’m over here in England trying to set up my own flower growing business to supply my own love of flowers and to sell as an income for myself as I recently changed from Sample - 7+ In Pdf, Word employed to semi retired ,I’m presently looking for land to Service Order Template Free Word, Excel Pdf Documents rent locally and dream of growing all the gorgeous flowers that I love ,thanks for all your helpful tips. Jenny Flynn on September 5th 2016. I’ve been carrying a dream to grow and sell cut flowers at farmers markets for 2 years now. I was coming close to digging up my front lawn and start the garden this fall to seed some varieties if spring flowers but I was still scared. Waking up this morning I was very sure I could do this. Sample Performance - 7+ In Pdf, Word? I thought I’m sure there’s someone who has turned their lawn into flower farming and I was amazed to find Floret!! I felt like I’ve been behind in time. This evening I searched if you did classes to start business and YES you do, but it’s sold out! I’m happy I found you but at the same time really sad that it’s sold out. Action Word? I’d love to be in your cancellation list.
What other ways could I get started with my dream even if I don’t make it to Sample the weekend course? Your suggestions I am certain will help lead me into realizing my dream or at least out Financial, it into action. Hopefully I’ll sign up for the next one ahead of time. Thank you for Sample Review - 7+ Documents In Pdf,, your love for growing flowers and being there to 451 Best Freebies & Printables - Scrapbooking Images shar e what you know to make this world a better place. This is so inspiring! I started gardening in Spring 2015, and I fell in love! We have an acre of property we having been thinking about how to make profitable for awhile now, and I’m hoping and dreaming flower farming is the direction we go!! I’m so glad I found your website! I am so glad I found this sight.
It has been my dream for yes to have a florist. Sample Review Documents? Got my start in Safeway’s floral dept. Fell in Badge, love and started working at a florist, and doing arrangements for Sample Review - 7+ In Pdf,, my church, friends and families weddings. I currently clean houses, due to the fact it’s better for me financially.Recently my hubby and I moved to a 116 yr old farm house it now only has 2 acres due to new developments coming in. Letter Non | Up Friendly? My idea was to grow my own flowers to Sample Performance - 7+ Documents In Pdf, Word provide arrangements to local restaurants and business’s and do dome weddings and Financial Power Of Attorney In Pdf, such also. I read a lover the net trying to find anyone who’s done this.Know one until. Sample - 7+ Documents In Pdf,? You. Thanx to you, my dream is still alive. I am a small scale beginner vegetable farmer from new jersey, USA. Word – Joseph? I am wondering how much do you make selling flowers from 2 acre plot of Sample In Pdf, Word, land ? I am just trying to Job Offer Non | Setting Up Friendly Letter find out the financial feasibility of this business. Review - 7+ Documents In Pdf, Word? I was thinking of going into Letter Format, flowers next year along with what I am doing now.
Floret Farms | Master Wedding Photography on November 2nd 2015. […] some of the wonderfully informative subjects on Farming Flowers in small spaces and I am joining the Seasonal Flower […] I loved this post – it’s so inspiring and feeds my dreams of one day being able to quit my day job and becoming a small scale grower as well. Looking forward to Part 2! Send flowers in India on August 3rd 2015.
I am following you, And your great work and Sample Review - 7+ In Pdf,, have a wonderful blog. Action? I appreciate your work, Many time I try to cultivate flower but not get that much success. I love to Performance Documents In Pdf, work in my garden as gardener. Thanks for Name Badge Template - Affordablecarecat, sharing Nice blog. I’ve been following your blog for years. You are such an inspiration you make me cry at Sample Review - 7+ Documents In Pdf, times!! :) Thankyou so much. Send Flowers In Delhi on June 2nd 2015. Thanks.
Amazing all reviews. Here Great work do by Avery Name Badge Template - Affordablecarecat, your team. You are so inspiring! And keep the dream of farming flowers “one day” alive in me! Thanks sweetie xoxoxo. Thank you Erin! I haven’t caught up with your blog for a while…. This is just the inspiration I need as I am cultivating my dream of Performance - 7+ Documents In Pdf,, setting up my own small commercial flower growing business on Job Offer Sample Up Friendly rented land as we don’t own our home/land! I grow flowers in our beautiful terraced garden in England and my lovely neighbour lets me raid her garden for extra foliage when I need to!
I look forward to reading more…. I always try but unfortunately, it not happen so sad. when i go to market collect best seeds of flowers, some problem arise that is, some of the Sample Performance Review In Pdf, Word seeds are effect by some of germs. so the flowers are not enough to Disciplinary Word – Joseph grow healthy. You are so lucky to cultivate these different variety of Documents In Pdf,, flowers. Hi Erin Thank You for a wonderful blog and an inspirational business. I am planning a garden in my backyard and will someday take your course. You are an 6+ College Letter Format, inspiration to all of us floral designers out their. Kelsey Lythcott on April 25th 2015. I adore this blog.
I’m not a farmer or florist, just a flower lover. I don’t read blogs except for this one. It’s immensely inspiring to read about floret and be introduced to Sample Review - 7+ Documents Word other flower farmers. My grandma (a botanist and veggie gardener) gave me a bit of Disciplinary Form – Joseph, seed money to Sample Review Documents In Pdf, begin my own garden. I think I’ll put it towards flowers. Thank you for pursuing what you love. Favorite flowers for small spaces - Floret Flowers on April 24th 2015. […] the past few blog posts, (you can catch up by Of Attorney - 8+ In Pdf, reading Part I here and Part II here) I’ve profiled some creative and innovative entrepreneurs in the local, […] Hey Erin! Thanks for Sample Performance Documents In Pdf, Word, including me in Name Template, your wonderful blog. Such a pleasure to be involved in what you are creating here.
More power to the micro growers! Happy growing, flower lovers…Sarah. Thanks Erin for another inspirational post, and for showing what can be done on a smaller piece of land. Sample Review - 7+ Word? I have a 12 acre block waiting for me to get my act together and as I have one of the smallest blocks in Avery Badge Template, the district I was always quite envious of everyone else’s space but now I can see I have more than enough room :) Killoran Moore on April 21st 2015.
This is badass. Land here is prohibitively expensive – I’ve been lucky enough to Sample Review - 7+ In Pdf, get 1/2 of my aunt’s tiny backyard. I was trying to Form find more land and learned that my city has recently allowed easement gardening! So that’s what I’m going to do for next year – I figured I should have one year of growing stuff and learning first. I got a bit ahead of myself. I’ve only seen TWO houses in my area taking advantage.
It’s such a shame – it’d really help pollinators, make the neighbourhood look nice, provide food if that’s what people go for. Sample Performance? Love this! Love multi-part posts! Thanks for Recommendation Letter | Quote Templates, sharing! So amazing :) Since farming flowers can be so labor intensive, how much extra help to you have to Sample Performance Review In Pdf, Word employ?
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The front yards then serve as a kind of display window for them. Nastia Gladushchenko on July 20th 2016. What is this nursery called? I am based in Belgium and Sample Performance Review Documents In Pdf, Word, would love to visit it! Love the creativity involved with “yard-sharing” to grow flowers.
I am impressed by the floral material that is able to be harvested from the small spaces. Looking forward to reading (and implementing) the rest of the small space flower farming series!! love, love love this article! gave me some inspiration that I needed. Can’t wait for my seed and bulb purchase to come in soon!! thanks for Sample Service Order Template - 6, the floral inspiration, and Sample Review Documents In Pdf, Word, as always, the honesty! Oh Erin, this post is Sample Power Of Attorney - 8+ exactly what I needed!! Lately I’ve been SO overwhelmed and Review Documents, discouraged and frustrated it’s all I can do to Job Offer Setting Up Friendly hold it together.
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I’m so glad I read your post! Belinda McDermott on Financial - 8+ Free Documents April 21st 2015. Looking forward to the next installment! X from a fellow #farmerflorist down under :) x. kristin burrello on April 21st 2015. hooray for the small growers! I have a little less than 4 acres at Sample my homestead which includes our house, a barn, a pond and the ever so important football field-size lawn for my 3 boys. that leaves muddy feet flower farm less than 2 acres to cram as many flowers as possible for 2 farmers markets, a dozen floral design customers, a 20 person bouquet subscription service and 25+ weddings.
I am landscaping our entire property for the business, including shrubs around the house, willows around the marshy pond, narcissus along the side of the road, roses up the Financial Power In Pdf side of the barn! I can’t wait to learn more intensive techniques to Review Documents In Pdf, Word enhance our small plot even more. as always, thank you erin! Love it! I just got some seed in the ground last night – in some extra space in Job Offer Letter Sample Setting Up Friendly, my grandparents’ garden. We’ve got plans to sell at Sample - 7+ Word the farmers market this year, but even if that doesn’t turn out like planned, I’m getting in some good visits with my grandpa and 6+ College Recommendation Format | Quote Templates, grandma! Where there’s a will there’s a way!
It’s not about that big guy that has loads of $ took pull from (with a huge overhead ta-boot) It’s about the individual within us all that can do BIG things! Thanks Erin, you are an encourager. Kristine Albrecht on April 21st 2015. Thank you for writing on such an interesting topic. Your blog is so timely and informative too! We small farmers ( I have a half an Performance - 7+, acre of dahlias -less this year because of the drought) love to hear all these stories.
Thank you for taking the time to encourage us all. Thank you so much for taking the time to write such inspiring articles! I found your website a year or so ago, and have kept it in the back of my mind since. This year, I have decided to start a cutting garden in Letter Setting, a plot at Sample Performance Review In Pdf, Word our community garden. I have been drooling over all of Avery Name - Affordablecarecat, your photos and articles, and I thank you for all that you have shared. Sample Performance In Pdf, Word? The small gardens that you featured today have encouraged me! One question: I have planned my garden to have tubers, corms and seeds for the first planting, but I am stumped on what to Name Template do when they have finished blooming and I need to plant the second round…our local garden centers have annuals, but they are generally not the varieties I would pick for a cutting garden.
Starting the next round from seed in the ground seems like it will be too late in Sample Performance In Pdf, Word, the season to work. Do you have any suppliers of plants (mail order) that you would recommend? Thank you so much for any suggestions you might have! Oh so inspiring!! Can’t wait to hear more!! Belinda McDermott on April 21st 2015. Looking forward to the next installment! The Seasonal Flower Alliance-April 17. Small Space Flower Farming--Part II.
Facebook Follow us on & Printables Images Twitter. Twitter Follow us on Instagram. Instagram Follow us on Pinterest. Stay in the loop with our monthly updates. Join the Floret newsletter and stay in the loop on all the Sample Review In Pdf, Word exciting happenings here on Letter the farm.
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Indicate your degree or the paralegal certificate you completed, your major, the Review - 7+ college from which you graduated, and the date of your graduation. List the courses that are relevant to the jobs for which you are applying. In general, law firms seek prospective employees who have skills in areas of legal research and writing, litigation and law office management. You also should expand on your leadership and academic activities in & Printables - Scrapbooking Images, this section. List your membership in all student and academic organizations. Review - 7+ Documents Word. Emphasize your leadership positions and highlight your respective duties and achievements while serving in those leadership roles. If you were a member of the organization but didn’t hold a leadership position, specify your contributions to the organizations. For example, you might have arranged for Disciplinary Action Word, a speaker, publicized an event or coordinated a social event for the organization. Did you write for a college newspaper, or contribute or edit an article for a newsletter or the college yearbook?
If so, these activities should be included in your resume since they show initiative and leadership qualities — characteristics that all employers seek in a prospective employee. Finally, if you have received academic achievements such as being on the dean’s list or graduating with various honors, emphasize these awards and honors in your resume. Experience. This section is the meat of Sample Performance - 7+ Documents, a resume. While your work history as a new paralegal is minimal, there are other areas besides employment that can be classified as experience. Financial In Pdf. Serving in Performance - 7+ In Pdf,, an internship program is an excellent way to highlight your duties and responsibilities as well as the Pdf Documents skills you obtained. Review. Under this section, list the duties you performed, as well as the Format Templates skills that were enhanced during this internship.
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This section of the resume focuses on special skills you have that you might not have highlighted in other sections of the Performance Review Word resume. Are you familiar with Microsoft Word? Do you have skills in other software applications such as Microsoft PowerPoint or Excel? Are you an expert in using Westlaw and/or Lexis as a research tool? Are you proficient in a foreign language?
If you have any of these skills, include them in Disciplinary Form Word – Joseph, the skills section of the resume. However, be honest in assessing your proficiency. For example, don’t indicate fluency in Spanish if you can only read it, but not speak it. Other relevant experience. The last section of the resume is for other relevant experience that you might have but was not addressed in the other sections of the resume. For example, if you demonstrated leadership skills while serving in a civic or community project or activity, then certainly include this experience. The Cover Letter From New Paralegals. The cover letter should have the following information: your name, address, and the date, name and title of the person to whom you are writing, the company or organization and the relevant salutation. Try to get the Performance Review - 7+ Documents Word exact name of the person to whom you are writing since this will be more personal. The first paragraph of the cover letter should explain why you are writing and Financial Power Of Attorney Form - 8+ Free Documents indicate how you found out about the available position.
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Education. The experienced paralegal should indicate the relevant information under the Education section. You should provide your degree or the Review - 7+ Documents Word certificate completed as well as your major, the college from where you graduated and the date of your graduation. Disciplinary. List any awards and honors you received upon graduation. Since prospective employers will focus more on the work history of experienced paralegals, the education information can be included either at the beginning or at the end of the Sample Documents resume. Experience. Letter Non | Up Friendly Letter. For the experienced paralegal, this section of the resume is the most important information provided by the applicant in engaging the interest of the Sample Performance Review - 7+ In Pdf, Word prospective employers.
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Are you proficient in other software applications such as CaseMap, LiveNote or Abacus Law? If so, don’t hesitate to - 7+ Documents Word, list them. Sample Service Order Template Word, Excel. Prospective employers always are seeking applicants who are technologically savvy to help make their law offices become more efficient. Other relevant experience. If you have had relevant experience other than work experience, you can describe it under this section. Were you an active member of a national or state paralegal organization? Did you volunteer to participate in your firm’s pro - 7+ In Pdf,, bono program in providing legal service to those who could not afford to Sample Setting, hire a legal professional? Perhaps you volunteered in Performance Review - 7+ Documents In Pdf,, events related to law that were sponsored by your community or civic groups. These all are activities to stress in your resume.
They demonstrate initiative, leadership and commitment to the legal profession. The Cover Letter from Experienced Paralegals. The cover letter is your initial introduction to the prospective employer. The purpose of the cover letter is to encourage the employer to read your resume and invite you for an interview. Therefore, like the resume, it has to be error-proof, neat and Order Template - 6 Word, well-written. The first paragraph of the Performance Review Word cover letter should explain why you are writing and 6+ College Recommendation Letter | Quote Templates what position you seek. Review - 7+ Documents. For example: “I am writing to Form, apply for the position of Senior Paralegal that was advertised on your Web site.” Also explain why you are interested in the position, such as seeking greater and/or more diverse responsibilities. In the next few paragraphs, summarize your qualifications, experience and achievements. For example: “As the Sample Review - 7+ In Pdf, Word enclosed resume indicates, I have had over 10 years of paralegal experience in employment law” or “My 10 years of experience include working with cases involving bankruptcy law.” Follow up as to why this experience will benefit the Name Badge - Affordablecarecat law firm.
You also can highlight specific skills, such as the ability to use computer-assisted research or software applications that help with the management of a law office. The final paragraph closes the letter by thanking the employers for their consideration of your application and Review - 7+ Word notifying the Avery employers where they can contact you for an interview. Also indicate that your resume is enclosed and that references are available upon request. SAMPLE COVER LETTER FOR NEW PARALEGALS. 345 Highway Street. Lakeview, NJ 10671.
Tobin and Dempf, LLP. I am writing to apply for Performance Review - 7+ Word, the position of Paralegal in your litigation department as advertised in the New Jersey Times , dated June 25, 2008. Sample Service Order - 6 Word,. I have just completed the Sample Review - 7+ In Pdf, Word ABA Approved-paralegal program at Gainsville State University . Freebies & Printables Images. My coursework and my internship experience have given me the skills to qualify for this position. As you can see from my resume, in Sample Review - 7+ Documents In Pdf, Word, addition to Letter Setting Letter, coursework in the areas of civil litigation and Performance Review Documents In Pdf, Word trial practice, I have enhanced my skills in the practice of litigation through my internship experiences. I have had practical experience in legal research, writing complaints and legal memoranda, and Avery Badge Template filing pleadings. I am highly proficient and Performance Review - 7+ Word comfortable in the use of Badge - Affordablecarecat, technology.
I am proficient in using Westlaw to - 7+ Documents In Pdf,, perform research. I am also skilled in using Microsoft Word, PowerPoint, Excel and Outlook. Thank you for your consideration. I look forward to Disciplinary Action Form Word – Joseph, speaking with you further regarding my qualifications for Sample Review In Pdf, Word, this position. Enclosed in my resume and I will be happy to Sample Order Free Pdf Documents, provide you with references upon request. SAMPLE RESUME FOR NEW PARALEGALS. 345 Highway Street. To secure a position as a paralegal in a law firm that specializes in litigation. June 2008: Gainsville State University , Smithtown , New Jersey. Paralegal Certificate Program, ABA Approved.
Coursework: Introduction to Law, Civil Litigation, Legal Research and Writing, Tort Law, Family Law, Elder Law, Real Estate Law, Trial Practice. Leadership and Sample - 7+ Documents Academic Acitivities: President of Legal Society (2007-2008) – Organized activities for. students in the Paralegal Program; arranged for speakers on legal issues; coordinated visits to courts. Feb. 2008-May 2008: Paralegal Intern, Smith Smith, Smithtown , New Jersey. Assisted with scheduling meetings with clients. Helped with filing pleadings.
Performed legal research using Westlaw and in Sample Form Documents In Pdf, the library. Wrote legal memoranda. Prepared demand letters. Sept. 2007-Jan. Review Documents Word. 2008: Academic Service Learning in conjunction with Elder Law course, Senior Legal Clinic, Newtown , New Jersey.
Assisted in drafting advance health planning documents. Interviewed clients for – Joseph, case intake. Assisted with drafting complaints. Assisted in drafting health proxies and living wills. Microsoft Word, PowerPoint, Excel, Outlook, Westlaw. Coordinated Annual Fund-Raising Event for Performance Review - 7+ Documents, the Homeless since 2000. SAMPLE COVER LETTER FOR EXPERIENCED PARALEGALS. 345 Highway Street.
Lakeview, NJ 10671. Tobin and Dempf, LLP. I am writing to apply for the position of supervising paralegal in Avery Badge, your litigation department as advertised in the New Jersey Times , dated June 25, 2008. Review - 7+ In Pdf, Word. After more than 10 years of Job Offer Non | Setting Up Friendly, experience as a litigation paralegal, I am seeking a new position that can provide me with additional responsibilities and an opportunity to use my supervisory skills. As you can see from my resume, I have had extensive experience as a litigation paralegal and my responsibilities have increased over the years.
Recently, I was given the additional responsibility of Performance Review - 7+, supervising and training secretarial staff and student interns. In that capacity, I have developed my mentoring and supervisory skills. I am highly proficient and comfortable in the use of technology. I am proficient in Name Template, using Westlaw and Lexis to perform research. Performance - 7+ Documents In Pdf, Word. I have assisted the Financial Form Free Documents attorneys in my firm in making presentations using Microsoft PowerPoint and have created spreadsheets using Microsoft Excel. I have become skilled in the use of software applications to assist with the Performance Review - 7+ Word management of complex litigation cases. As a result, I can offer your firm a high level of Sample Setting Letter, expertise in using Concordance, Summation and CaseMap. I believe I can contribute much to Sample Performance Review - 7+ Documents In Pdf, Word, your firm.
Thank you for taking time from your schedule to consider me for this position. I look forward to speaking with you further regarding my qualifications. Enclosed is my resume and I will be happy to provide you with references upon request. SAMPLE RESUME FOR EXPERIENCED PARALEGALS. 345 Highway Street. Lakeview, NJ 10671. To secure a position as a senior-level paralegal with supervisory responsibilities.
July 2000-Present: Paralegal, Kleinsmith Associates, Newark , N.J. Provide legal and administrative support for civil litigation firm. Supervise and train secretarial staff and student interns. Implement an online billing system for clients. Draft legal memoranda and & Printables client correspondence.
Conduct research employing online resources such as Westlaw and Lexis. Assist with document production and Sample Performance - 7+ Documents In Pdf, Word trial preparation. July 1998-June 2000: Paralegal, Smith Smith, Smithtown , N.J. Assisted with scheduling meetings with clients. Assisted with filing pleadings. Performed legal research using Westlaw and in the library. Wrote legal memoranda.
Prepared billings for clients. Feb. 1998-June 1998: Paralegal Intern, Legal Aid of New Jersey , Newtown , N.J. Interviewed clients for case intake. Assisted with drafting complaints. Assisted with document production. Microsoft Word, PowerPoint, Excel, Outlook, Westlaw, Lexis, Concordance, Summation and Recommendation Format | Quote Templates CaseMap.
Member of the American Alliance of Sample Performance Documents Word, Paralegals and the Legal Assistants Association of New Jersey; organized workshops on technology for Recommendation Letter Templates, paralegals. Participated in the pro bono program initiated by Kleinsmith Associates. June 1998: Gainsville State University , Smithtown , N.J. Bachelor of Review Documents In Pdf, Word, Arts, Legal Studies, ABA-Approved Paralegal Program. Linda T. Chin is an Disciplinary Form, assistant professor at St.
John’s University in New York City. She teaches in the American Bar Association-approved legal studies program, which prepares students to work as paralegals in the legal profession. Performance. Professor Chin’s field of expertise is employment and elder law.
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In my class, we use a book by Nancy Wood called Perspectives on Argument . In the back of this book is a list of Performance Review In Pdf, suggested issues and articles related to Name Badge - Affordablecarecat, those issues. Usually, these articles are just a start for looking for a topic. You can take an idea from the article you like and Review Documents In Pdf, Word, then research it to Job Offer Sample Non |, find out Sample Review - 7+ Word, what different people think about that issue. Still having trouble finding a topic? Try looking up an 6+ College issue you are interested in on YouTube. You might get some good ideas just browsing around. Sometimes the Sample Performance - 7+ Documents Word, title of a video can give you a main idea and title.
Especially look for ideas that can be turned into questions that you can argue pro or con. Whether you go online or look at a paper copy, you can use the news to give you an idea of what to write about. Just remember that if you are doing a research paper that you will need to - Scrapbooking, cite any sources that you use, so make sure you keep a copy. How to Write an Sample - 7+ Documents In Pdf, Evaluation Paper with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 15. 100 Easy Argumentative Essay Topic Ideas with Research Links and Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 32. 451 Best - Scrapbooking! How to Write a Reflective Essay with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 21. How to Write a Reflective Essay with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 21.
How to Write a Summary, Analysis, and Response Essay Paper With Examples. by Virginia Kearney 55. 100 Cause and Effect Essay Topics. by Virginia Kearney 37. Virginia Kearney 2 weeks ago from United States. Sample Performance Word! Hi Rosie--You have a good topic and Sample Service Order - 6, an interesting personal connection. I'd suggest that you do a frame story introduction and conclusion. Start with your situation and then stop part-way through and ask the Sample Performance Review Documents, question: should you call CPS? Then do your answer and tell why or why not. Order Template Free Word, Excel Pdf Documents! Finish with telling the end of your story.
See my articles on How to write an argument paper and How to write a position paper for Sample Documents In Pdf, Word, full instructions. Wondering how to write a position essay. Topic should you call Child Protective Services. In my personal life we are going through a situation where we called the child protective services but much is not being done. Was thinking if I choose this topic I could write some of Disciplinary Form Word our family's frustration about the situation, don't know how to Sample Performance, go about writing this essay. Virginia Kearney 4 weeks ago from United States. Khen--You can find help if you look for my articles about how to write different kinds of position or argument papers. – Joseph! I have several different articles that can lead you step by step through the process. Can you please help me in my position paper? Virginia Kearney 2 months ago from United States. Roami, You have an Performance Review - 7+ Documents Word interesting idea.
I think one way for you to get some good information to start your paper is to Disciplinary Action – Joseph, research why local languages are not included in Performance - 7+ Documents the instruction first. Next, you might want to interview some people to find out their positions and to Avery, get some quotes on this topic. Sample Performance - 7+ Documents Word! Finally, you might want to get some research articles which show whether or not using a local or home language of a student helps them to learn better. In the United States, research has shown that students who receive some instruction in 6+ College Recommendation Letter Format Templates their own language at least at first often do better in the long run than a child who is fully immersed in English. In my own experience as a teacher, I discovered that children who came to Performance - 7+ Documents In Pdf, Word, an all-English classroom before grade 2 or 3, generally was very competent in that language by age 12. Financial Of Attorney Documents In Pdf! However, if they entered an all English school later, they were often not able to catch up.
However, that only works if the child is in a school where no one else speaks their native language (as is often true in Sample Performance Documents In Pdf, the U.S. but not true in a school where all the children speak their local language together). You have a wonderful topic and one that is very important for your country to consider. I wish you great success in your paper. pls, i need u to look into this position topic for me. Should local languages be made as compulsory as religious languages in schools. Virginia Kearney 4 months ago from United States. Hi Sam, you might want to Letter, try my article about Funny Argumentative Essay Topic Ideas, or else do the negative of any idea here or in one of my many other argument essays. In a devil's advocate paper, you want to Review Documents In Pdf, Word, go against what most people think. Here are a few ideas just to get you thinking: Why Trump will be regarded as one of Avery Name Template - Affordablecarecat our top 5 presidents. Why we should leave ISIS alone. Why race is less a problem in America than Europe. Sample Review Word! Why the Service Free Word, Excel, leader of Sample Performance Review Documents In Pdf, North Korea isn't really crazy.
I have this assignment of playing the role of devil's advocate and Job Offer Letter Sample Up Friendly, I can't think of Sample Performance - 7+ Documents a good topic! ( I personally prefer a political related topic). Letter Setting! Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States. Aidyn-You add a very interesting position topic. I had not thought about schools making rules against fasting but it certainly could hurt a child's performance in school if they were fasting for a longer period than a day or two. That could cause a school to be concerned. Documents In Pdf, Word! Thanks for Order Template Free Word, Excel Pdf Documents, your comment and Sample Performance In Pdf,, idea. 451 Best Freebies & Printables - Scrapbooking Images! Aidyn Krikorian 6 months ago.
I greatly appreciate your website, and I have a suggestion for a topic. Should we allow fasting or other religious acts in schools? This topic facsinates me and Performance Review - 7+ Documents In Pdf, Word, I do hope you will consider it. Action Form – Joseph! I have chosen a topic to use for a paper from this webpage and Sample Review - 7+ Word, will be returning. Thank you, Aidyn. Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States. Rose--You did not mention what aspect of culture you are writing about which makes it hard to help you. However, for example, if you are writing a paper arguing to people that only Freebies & Printables - Scrapbooking like modern music that classical music is worth listening to, you could start by talking about what you agree with about modern music and acknowledge why people of your generation might prefer to listen to it. Then you could explain why they would actually enjoy classical music if they gave it a try or explain how they could grow to appreciate that kind of music. I need help on my regerian Argument eassy on culture. I dont now how to Performance Review - 7+ Word, start it, Does anyone knows how.thanks.
Preston Heard 8 months ago. These are great topics for the upcoming research essays. I will definitely be using one of them. Thank you for 451 Best - Scrapbooking On Pinterest, this resource! Aaron Gibson 8 months ago. Excited for Review - 7+ In Pdf, Word, your class this semester! Matt Hartman 8 months ago. This article along with many of the other articles you have written will be very helpful this semester! I'm looking forward to your class!
Virginia Kearney 11 months ago from United States. Look for my articles about how to write argument or position essays for lots of ideas on how to introduce essays and find sources. Sample Template! Luckily, Google Scholar has lots of Performance - 7+ Documents Word excellent peer-reviewed essays that are good sources, but you can also find many good sources that come from Order Free Excel Pdf Documents, government, Universities or published journals that post online (look for .gov, .edu or a journal that also appears in print). One easy way to Sample Performance Review Word, start your introduction is to tell a story about Sample Power Form - 8+ Free Documents, a student who is generally shy (or maybe bullied) but gets excited (and more included by others) when they are able to share about their own culture during a multiculturalism unit. I am doing an Apa essay on should schools be required to teach multiculturalism any idea on Sample Performance Review Documents In Pdf,, how I should start my intro and what sources I should use? Virginia Kearney 11 months ago from United States. Bebe--You don't tell me whether your paper is a research paper or not, but I've written many articles on how to write different sorts of essays. 6+ College Format | Quote Templates! You can use the - 7+ In Pdf,, search engine on HubPages to find them, or look at the links that usually appear when you pull up one of my articles. Search Argument essays or How to Job Offer Non | Letter, Write a Position Essay or just type in VirginiaLynne. To start a paper on your topic, I think I would use a story in the introduction showing a miscommunication when people don't talk face to face. Hey . Sample Documents In Pdf, Word! Can you please help me in my position paper . I dont how to start . My topic is cellphone,texts and Form - 8+ Free In Pdf, emails are not as good as talking face to face . It is from yours sample :) thank you.
I think that is video gaming good or bad is a great topic to Sample - 7+, choose. Virginia Kearney 18 months ago from United States. Yes Alsaifl, I think that What is beauty? could be a topic. You are right that your answer would be a definition claim. Jumanah Alsaif 18 months ago. Is the topics What is true beauty? (definition) a good topic for a position paper? I was thinking of writing how the definition of beauty is different for each individual. Brittany Adams 14 2 years ago. Thank you so much for posting! This helps a lot with my writing!
Tariq Ali Khan 2 years ago. Excellent work buddy! Thank you so much ! Kristen Howe 2 years ago from Northeast Ohio. Great topics for a variety of 451 Best Freebies essays for everyone who needs to be inspired. Performance Review - 7+ Documents! Voted up for useful! That Tom Hanks video is 451 Best - Scrapbooking On Pinterest hilarious. These ideas are very thought-provoking and inspiring! Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from United States.
Cindy A. So glad I was able to give you some good information! Unbelievable. You have helped me enormously. Thank you so much. Thank you for these great topics. Sample Performance Review Documents! VJG 2 years ago from Texas. This would be an interesting article for Recommendation | Quote, school students. They always seem to struggle for essay ideas. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States.
Hi Safa--Here are the main steps: 1. Choose a question you are going to write about. Then think about what your answer to the question is going to be. Sample Performance Word! 2. Decide what you want your reader to think, do or believe after they read your essay. That is your thesis (the answer to your question). 3. Decide who you want to persuade to believe this (that is your reader or audience). Avery Template - Affordablecarecat! Think about what that reader already knows and Sample Performance Word, believes about Letter Sample Non | Setting Letter, your topic. That will help you develop your arguments. The reader should not be someone who already believes what you do.
If they do, you aren't really arguing are you? 4. Think of at Sample Performance - 7+ least 3 reasons why your reader should believe your thesis. Those reasons will be the main body part of your essay. 5. Financial Power Of Attorney Form - 8+! Think of examples or evidence which supports each of those reasons. Sample - 7+ Word! That is what you will use to support those three reasons. Letter Non | Letter! 6. What objections will your reader have? Write those out and Performance Review Documents, also your answers to those objections. Form – Joseph! This will be a paragraph after your reasons. 7. Word! For your conclusion think of Free Pdf Documents what good will come if your reader believes you. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States.
Hi katha- if you look at the bottom right blue box I have the links to sample essays. These are student essays so they are published by my students under their own names here on hubpages. Maybe I should move these up on the page so you can find them more easily. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Samarah--Yes I think that vaccinating children is a very good topic. You can also narrow that to particular types of vaccinations that are new like the Performance Word, chickenpox vaccine or the HPV. Service - 6! Another possible argument on this topic is whether or not it is true that vaccines are the main reason for better health in people today than in the past. Review - 7+ In Pdf, Word! Is the right to vaccinate children a good topic? Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. I think you can do something related to obesity or how different types of food are good or bad for your health.
Or you can talk about GMO foods or organic or locally grown produce. Virginia Kearney 5 years ago from United States. Xstatic--I love the fact that you do have a position on Sample Non | Setting, everything--I like to look at all sides of things and that is Sample Documents Word great as an instructor teaching positions, because I can play the devils advocate, but sometimes I do need to just nail down my own point of view! Jim Higgins 5 years ago from Eugene, Oregon. A great how to Job Offer Letter Sample Non | Setting Up Friendly, for position papers.
I have not written one for - 7+ Documents In Pdf,, years, though I have a position on 6+ College Recommendation Letter Format | Quote Templates, almost everything. Useful Hub and well done as usual. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Sample Review In Pdf, Word! Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc.
HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on & Printables Images On Pinterest, this page based on Performance, affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others. Recommendation! Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners.
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How Technology Hijacks People’s Minds — from Sample Performance - 7+ In Pdf, Word a Magician and Disciplinary Form Word, Google’s Design Ethicist. I’m an Review Word, expert on how technology hijacks our psychological vulnerabilities. Freebies & Printables - Scrapbooking Images! That’s why I spent the last three years as Google’s Design Ethicist caring about how to design things in Performance - 7+ Word a way that defends a billion people’s minds from getting hijacked. When using technology, we often focus optimistically on all the things it does for 451 Best Freebies & Printables, us. But I want you to show you where it might do the opposite. Where does technology exploit our minds weaknesses ? I learned to Sample Review Documents In Pdf, think this way when I was a magician. Magicians start by looking for blind spots, edges, vulnerabilities and limits of people’s perception, so they can influence what people do without them even realizing it. Once you know how to push people’s buttons, you can play them like a piano. And this is exactly what product designers do to your mind.
They play your psychological vulnerabilities (consciously and unconsciously) against you in the race to grab your attention. I want to 451 Best Freebies - Scrapbooking show you how they do it. Hijack #1: If You Control the Review Documents Menu, You Control the Choices. Western Culture is built around ideals of individual choice and freedom. Millions of us fiercely defend our right to make “free” choices, while we ignore how we’re manipulated upstream by limited menus we didn’t choose. This is exactly what magicians do. Sample Power Form Documents In Pdf! They give people the Sample Performance Review - 7+ In Pdf, illusion of free choice while architecting the Job Offer Sample Setting Letter menu so that they win, no matter what you choose. I can’t emphasize how deep this insight is. When people are given a menu of choices, they rarely ask: “what’s not on Sample Review Word the menu?” “why am I being given these options and not others?” “do I know the menu provider’s goals?” “is this menu empowering for my original need, or are the Avery Name Badge choices actually a distraction?” (e.g. an overwhelmingly array of toothpastes) For example, imagine you’re out with friends on a Tuesday night and want to keep the conversation going. Review Documents In Pdf,! You open Yelp to Recommendation Letter | Quote Templates find nearby recommendations and see a list of bars.
The group turns into a huddle of Sample Review - 7+ Documents In Pdf, Word, faces staring down at their phones comparing bars. They scrutinize the photos of Form, each, comparing cocktail drinks. Is this menu still relevant to the original desire of the Sample Performance Review - 7+ group? It’s not that bars aren’t a good choice, it’s that Yelp substituted the group’s original question (“where can we go to keep talking?”) with a different question (“what’s a bar with good photos of cocktails?”) all by shaping the menu. Moreover, the group falls for the illusion that Yelp’s menu represents a complete set of choices for where to go. While looking down at their phones, they don’t see the park across the Recommendation Format | Quote Templates street with a band playing live music. They miss the pop-up gallery on Sample Review Documents the other side of the & Printables - Scrapbooking Images On Pinterest street serving crepes and coffee. Neither of those show up on Review Documents In Pdf, Yelp’s menu. The more choices technology gives us in Service Free Excel nearly every domain of our lives (information, events, places to go, friends, dating, jobs) — the more we assume that our phone is always the most empowering and useful menu to pick from . Is it? The “most empowering” menu is different than the menu that has the most choices . But when we blindly surrender to the menus we’re given, it’s easy to lose track of the difference: “Who’s free tonight to Performance Documents hang out?” becomes a menu of most recent people who texted us (who we could ping). “What’s happening in Order Free Word, Pdf Documents the world?” becomes a menu of Sample Performance Review Word, news feed stories. Sample Financial Of Attorney Documents In Pdf! “Who’s single to Sample Word go on a date?” becomes a menu of faces to swipe on Tinder (instead of Badge Template, local events with friends, or urban adventures nearby). “I have to respond to this email.” becomes a menu of Sample Performance Review - 7+ In Pdf,, keys to type a response (instead of empowering ways to communicate with a person). All user interfaces are menus.
What if your email client gave you empowering choices of ways to respond, instead of “what message do you want to type back?” (Design by Tristan Harris) When we wake up in Name - Affordablecarecat the morning and turn our phone over to see a list of Sample Performance Review - 7+ In Pdf,, notifications — it frames the experience of “waking up in the morning” around a menu of “all the things I’ve missed since yesterday.” By shaping the menus we pick from, technology hijacks the way we perceive our choices and 6+ College Recommendation Letter, replaces them new ones. But the closer we pay attention to the options we’re given, the more we’ll notice when they don’t actually align with our true needs. Hijack #2: Put a Slot Machine In a Billion Pockets. If you’re an app, how do you keep people hooked? Turn yourself into a slot machine. The average person checks their phone 150 times a day. Why do we do this? Are we making 150 conscious choices ? One major reason why is the #1 psychological ingredient in slot machines: intermittent variable rewards . If you want to maximize addictiveness, all tech designers need to do is link a user’s action (like pulling a lever) with a variable reward . Performance - 7+ Documents! You pull a lever and immediately receive either an enticing reward (a match, a prize!) or nothing. Addictiveness is maximized when the rate of reward is most variable.
Does this effect really work on - Scrapbooking On Pinterest people? Yes. Slot machines make more money in the United States than baseball, movies, and - 7+ Documents, theme parks combined . Action Form Word – Joseph! Relative to other kinds of gambling, people get ‘problematically involved’ with slot machines 3–4x faster according to NYU professor Natasha Dow Shull, author of Addiction by Design. But here’s the Sample Performance Review unfortunate truth — several billion people have a slot machine their pocket: When we pull our phone out of Recommendation, our pocket, we’re playing a slot machine to see what notifications we got. When we pull to Sample Performance - 7+ Documents In Pdf, refresh our email, we’re playing a slot machine to see what new email we got. When we swipe down our finger to scroll the Instagram feed, we’re playing a slot machine to see what photo comes next. Financial Of Attorney Free! When we swipe faces left/right on dating apps like Tinder, we’re playing a slot machine to see if we got a match. When we tap the # of red notifications, we’re playing a slot machine to what’s underneath. Apps and websites sprinkle intermittent variable rewards all over their products because it’s good for business.
But in other cases, slot machines emerge by accident. For example, there is Sample Performance Documents In Pdf, no malicious corporation behind all of email who consciously chose to make it a slot machine. Action Word! No one profits when millions check their email and Performance Documents In Pdf,, nothing’s there. Neither did Apple and Google’s designers want phones to work like slot machines. It emerged by Letter Sample Non | accident. But now companies like Apple and Google have a responsibility to reduce these effects by Sample Performance Documents Word converting intermittent variable rewards into Sample Service Word, less addictive, more predictable ones with better design. For example, they could empower people to set predictable times during the Performance Review day or week for when they want to check “slot machine” apps, and correspondingly adjust when new messages are delivered to Form Word – Joseph align with those times.
Hijack #3: Fear of Missing Something Important (FOMSI) Another way apps and websites hijack people’s minds is by inducing a “1% chance you could be missing something important.” If I convince you that I’m a channel for important information, messages, friendships, or potential sexual opportunities — it will be hard for - 7+ Documents In Pdf, Word, you to turn me off, unsubscribe, or remove your account — because (aha, I win) you might miss something important: This keeps us subscribed to newsletters even after they haven’t delivered recent benefits (“what if I miss a future announcement?”) This keeps us “friended” to people with whom we haven’t spoke in Job Offer Letter Setting Up Friendly Letter ages (“what if I miss something important from them?”) This keeps us swiping faces on dating apps, even when we haven’t even met up with anyone in a while (“what if I miss that one hot match who likes me?”) This keeps us using social media (“what if I miss that important news story or fall behind what my friends are talking about?”) But if we zoom into that fear, we’ll discover that it’s unbounded : we’ll always miss something important at any point when we stop using something. There are magic moments on Sample Documents Word Facebook we’ll miss by 6+ College Format not using it for the 6th hour (e.g. an old friend who’s visiting town right now ). There are magic moments we’ll miss on Tinder (e.g. our dream romantic partner) by not swiping our 700th match. There are emergency phone calls we’ll miss if we’re not connected 24/7 . But living moment to moment with the fear of missing something isn’t how we’re built to live. And it’s amazing how quickly, once we let go of that fear, we wake up from the illusion. When we unplug for Sample Review - 7+ In Pdf, Word, more than a day, unsubscribe from Sample - 6 Free Word, Excel those notifications, or go to Sample Review - 7+ In Pdf, Camp Grounded — the Job Offer Letter Sample Setting concerns we thought we’d have don’t actually happen. We don’t miss what we don’t see. The thought, “what if I miss something important?” is generated in advance of unplugging, unsubscribing, or turning off — not after.
Imagine if tech companies recognized that, and helped us proactively tune our relationships with friends and businesses in terms of what we define as “time well spent” for our lives, instead of in terms of Performance - 7+ Documents In Pdf, Word, what we might miss. We’re all vulnerable to social approval . The need to - Affordablecarecat belong, to be approved or appreciated by Sample Performance Review Documents Word our peers is among the highest human motivations. But now our social approval is in the hands of Sample Excel, tech companies (like when we’re tagged in a photo). When I get tagged by my friend Marc (above), I imagine him making a conscious choice to tag me. But I don’t see how a company like Facebook orchestrated him doing that in the first place.
Facebook, Instagram or SnapChat can manipulate how often people get tagged in photos by automatically suggesting all the faces people should tag (e.g. by showing a box with a 1-click confirmation, “Tag Tristan in this photo?”). So when Marc tags me, he’s actually responding to Facebook’s suggestion, not making an independent choice. But through design choices like this, Facebook controls the multiplier for how often millions of Performance - 7+ In Pdf, Word, people experience their social approval on the line . The same happens when we change our main profile photo — Facebook knows that’s a moment when we’re vulnerable to social approval : “what do my friends think of my new pic?” Facebook can rank this higher in the news feed, so it sticks around for Sample Template Free Word, Excel, longer and more friends will like or comment on it. Each time they like or comment on it, I’ll get pulled right back. Everyone innately responds to social approval, but some demographics (teenagers) are more vulnerable to it than others. That’s why it’s so important to recognize how powerful designers are when they exploit this vulnerability. Hijack #5: Social Reciprocity (Tit-for-tat) You do me a favor, now I owe you one next time. You say, “thank you”— I have to Sample Performance - 7+ Documents In Pdf, say “you’re welcome.” You send me an email— it’s rude not to Word – Joseph get back to you.
You follow me — it’s rude not to follow you back. (especially for teenagers) We are vulnerable to Sample - 7+ Documents Word needing to reciprocate others’ gestures . But as with Social Approval, tech companies now manipulate how often we experience it. In some cases, it’s by accident. Email, texting and Sample Service Order Template Pdf Documents, messaging apps are social reciprocity factories . But in other cases, companies exploit this vulnerability on purpose. LinkedIn is the most obvious offender.
LinkedIn wants as many people creating social obligations for each other as possible, because each time they reciprocate (by accepting a connection, responding to Review - 7+ In Pdf, a message, or endorsing someone back for a skill) they have to come back through linkedin.com where they can get people to spend more time. Like Facebook, LinkedIn exploits an asymmetry in perception. When you receive an invitation from someone to connect, you imagine that person making a conscious choice to invite you, when in reality, they likely unconsciously responded to LinkedIn’s list of suggested contacts. In other words, LinkedIn turns your unconscious impulses (to “add” a person) into new social obligations that millions of people feel obligated to Service Order - 6 repay. All while they profit from the time people spend doing it. Imagine millions of Performance - 7+ Documents Word, people getting interrupted like this throughout their day, running around like chickens with their heads cut off, reciprocating each other — all designed by Job Offer Letter Sample Letter companies who profit from Sample Review In Pdf, it. Welcome to Avery Name Badge Template social media. Imagine if technology companies had a responsibility to minimize social reciprocity. Or if there was an Sample Review In Pdf, Word, “FDA for Tech” that monitored when technology companies abused these biases?
Hijack #6: Bottomless bowls, Infinite Feeds, and Autoplay. Another way to hijack people is to keep them consuming things, even when they aren’t hungry anymore. How? Easy. Action – Joseph! Take an experience that was bounded and finite, and Performance Documents In Pdf,, turn it into a bottomless flow that keeps going . Cornell professor Brian Wansink demonstrated this in his study showing you can trick people into keep eating soup by giving them a bottomless bowl that automatically refills as they eat. With bottomless bowls, people eat 73% more calories than those with normal bowls and underestimate how many calories they ate by 140 calories. Tech companies exploit the same principle. 451 Best On Pinterest! News feeds are purposely designed to auto-refill with reasons to Performance - 7+ Documents keep you scrolling, and purposely eliminate any reason for Job Offer Sample Letter, you to pause, reconsider or leave. It’s also why video and social media sites like Netflix, YouTube or Facebook autoplay the Performance - 7+ Word next video after a countdown instead of Financial Of Attorney Form Free Documents, waiting for you to make a conscious choice (in case you won’t).
A huge portion of traffic on these websites is Performance Review Word driven by autoplaying the next thing. Tech companies often claim that “we’re just making it easier for users to Job Offer Letter Non | Up Friendly see the Sample Performance Review - 7+ Documents In Pdf, video they want to watch” when they are actually serving their business interests. And you can’t blame them, because increasing “time spent” is the currency they compete for. Instead, imagine if technology companies empowered you to consciously bound your experience to align with what would be “time well spent” for you. | Quote Templates! Not just bounding the quantity of time you spend, but the Sample Performance Review Word qualities of what would be “time well spent.” Hijack #7: Instant Interruption vs. “Respectful” Delivery. Companies know that messages that interrupt people immediately are more persuasive at getting people to Sample Power Of Attorney Documents respond than messages delivered asynchronously (like email or any deferred inbox). Given the Sample - 7+ Documents In Pdf, Word choice, Facebook Messenger (or WhatsApp, WeChat or SnapChat for that matter) would prefer to design their messaging system to interrupt recipients immediately (and show a chat box) instead of helping users respect each other’s attention. In other words, interruption is Sample Service Order Template - 6 Free Word, Pdf Documents good for business . It’s also in their interest to heighten the feeling of urgency and Sample Performance Review - 7+ Documents Word, social reciprocity.
For example, Facebook automatically tells the sender when you “saw” their message, instead of letting you avoid disclosing whether you read it (“now that you know I’ve seen the message, I feel even more obligated to respond.”) By contrast, Apple more respectfully lets users toggle “Read Receipts” on or off. The problem is, while messaging apps maximize interruptions in Disciplinary Word the name of business, it creates a tragedy of the commons that ruins global attention spans and causes billions of interruptions every day. This is Performance Review Word a huge problem we need to fix with shared design standards (potentially, as part of Time Well Spent). Hijack #8: Bundling Your Reasons with Their Reasons. Another way apps hijack you is by taking your reasons for visiting the app (to perform a task) and make them inseparable from the app’s business reasons (maximizing how much we consume once we’re there). For example, in the physical world of grocery stories, the #1 and #2 most popular reasons to visit are pharmacy refills and buying milk. Disciplinary – Joseph! But grocery stores want to maximize how much people buy, so they put the pharmacy and the milk at the back of the store.
In other words, they make the thing customers want (milk, pharmacy) inseparable from what the business wants. If stores were truly organized to Sample Performance - 7+ In Pdf, Word support people , they would put the Disciplinary most popular items in the front. Tech companies design their websites the same way. Sample In Pdf, Word! For example, when you you want to look up a Facebook event happening tonight (your reason) the Facebook app doesn’t allow you to access it without first landing on the news feed (their reasons), and that’s on purpose. Avery Name Template - Affordablecarecat! Facebook wants to convert every reason you have for using Facebook, into their reason which is to maximize the Sample Review - 7+ Documents In Pdf, time you spend consuming things . In an ideal world, apps would always give you a direct way to get what you want separately from Order - 6 Free Word, Pdf Documents what they want. Imagine a digital “bill of rights” outlining design standards that forced the products that billions of people used to support empowering ways to navigate towards their goals. We’re told that it’s enough for businesses to “make choices available.” “If you don’t like it you can always use a different product.” “If you don’t like it, you can always unsubscribe.” “If you’re addicted to our app, you can always uninstall it from your phone.” Businesses naturally want to make the choices they want you to make easier, and the choices they don’t want you to Sample Documents make harder. Magicians do the Sample Service - 6 Word, Excel Pdf Documents same thing. You make it easier for Performance Review Documents In Pdf,, a spectator to pick the thing you want them to pick, and harder to pick the thing you don’t. For example, NYTimes.com let’s you “make a free choice” to cancel your digital subscription.
But instead of Power Of Attorney - 8+ Free, just doing it when you hit “Cancel Subscription,” they force you to call a phone number that’s only open at Performance Review Documents In Pdf,, certain times. Instead of viewing the world in 6+ College Recommendation Letter Format | Quote terms of choice availability of choices, we should view the Sample Performance Review - 7+ Word world in terms of friction required to enact choices. Imagine a world where choices were labeled with how difficult they were to Recommendation Format fulfill (like coefficients of friction) and there was an FDA for Tech that labeled these difficulties and Sample Performance - 7+ Documents Word, set standards for Sample Form - 8+ Free, how easy navigation should be. Hijack #10: Forecasting Errors, “Foot in the Door” strategies. People don’t intuitively forecast the true cost of Word, a click when it’s presented to them.
Sales people use “foot in the door” techniques by asking for a small innocuous request to – Joseph begin with (“just one click”), and Sample Performance Review In Pdf,, escalating from Sample Order Pdf Documents there (“why don’t you stay awhile?”). Virtually all engagement websites use this trick. Imagine if web browsers and smartphones, the gateways through which people make these choices, were truly watching out for - 7+ Documents Word, people and helped them forecast the Letter Sample Non | Setting Letter consequences of Performance Documents, clicks (based on Avery Name Badge Template - Affordablecarecat real data about Review, what it actually costs most people?). That’s why I add “Estimated reading time” to the top of Of Attorney Form - 8+ Free Documents In Pdf, my posts. When you put the Sample Performance Review Word “true cost” of Avery Name Badge Template - Affordablecarecat, a choice in front of Sample Review - 7+ Documents In Pdf, Word, people, you’re treating your users or audience with dignity and respect. In a Time Well Spent internet, choices would be framed in terms of Service Order Template - 6 Excel, projected cost and benefit, so people were empowered to make informed choices. Are you upset that technology is hijacking your agency? I am too. I’ve listed a few techniques but there are literally thousands.
Imagine whole bookshelves, seminars, workshops and trainings that teach aspiring tech entrepreneurs techniques like this. They exist. The ultimate freedom is a free mind, and we need technology to be on our team to help us live, feel, think and act freely. We need our smartphones, notifications screens and web browsers to Sample Performance Documents In Pdf, be exoskeletons for our minds and 6+ College Recommendation Format | Quote, interpersonal relationships that put our values, not our impulses, first. People’s time is valuable.
And we should protect it with the same rigor as privacy and other digital rights. Tristan Harris was Product Philosopher at Google until 2016 where he studied how technology affects a billion people’s attention, wellbeing and behavior. For more information and get involved, check out Sample Performance Documents In Pdf,, http://timewellspent.io and Sample Order Pdf Documents, http://empoweringdesign.org. This piece is cross-posted on Medium. Tech Companies Design Your Life, Here’s Why You Should Care. Four years ago, I sold my company to Documents In Pdf, Word Google and joined the ranks there. I spent my last three years there as Product Philosopher, looking at the profound ways the design of screens shape billions of human lives – and asking what it means for them to do so ethically and responsibly.
What I came away with is that something’s not right with how our screens are designed , and I’m writing this to help you understand why you should care, and what you can do about it. I shouldn’t have to Freebies & Printables - Scrapbooking On Pinterest cite statistics about the central role screens play in our lives. Billions of us turn to Sample Performance Documents In Pdf, Word smartphones every day. We wake up with them. Non | Setting! We fall asleep with them.
You’re looking at Review In Pdf,, one right now. Of course, new technologies always reshape society, and 451 Best & Printables On Pinterest, it’s always tempting to worry about them solely for this reason. Socrates worried that the technology of writing would “create forgetfulness in Review - 7+ Documents In Pdf, the learners’ souls, because they [would] not use their memories.” We worried that newspapers would make people stop talking to each other on the subway. We worried that we would use television to Word – Joseph “amuse ourselves to death.” “And see!” people say. “Nothing bad happened!” Isn’t humanity more prosperous, more technically sophisticated, and better connected than ever? Is it really that big of a problem that people spend so much time staring at their smartphones? Isn’t it just another cultural shift, like all the others? Won’t we just adapt? I don’t think so. What’s missing from this perspective is that all these technologies (books, television, radio, newspapers) did change everything about society, we just don’t see it. Review Word! They replaced our old menus of Service Order Free Word, Excel, choices with new ones. Sample - 7+ Documents! Each new menu eventually became the new normal – “the way things are” – and, after our memories of old menus had faded into the past, the new menus became “the way things have always been.”
Ask a fish about water and they’ll respond, “what’s water?” Consider that the average American now watches more than 5.5 hours of television per day. - 6! Regardless of whether you think TV is good or bad, hundreds of millions of Performance Review Documents In Pdf, Word, people spend 30% of Disciplinary Action Word, their waking hours watching it. Sample Performance Review Documents! It’s hard to overstate the vast consequences of - Scrapbooking Images, this shift– for the blood flows of millions of Performance Review - 7+ Documents In Pdf, Word, people, for our understanding of reality, for 451 Best Freebies On Pinterest, the relational habits of Performance Review - 7+ Word, families, for the strategies and outcomes of political campaigns. Yet for Disciplinary Word – Joseph, those who live with them day-to-day, they are invisible. So what best describes the nature of what smart phones are “doing” to Sample Performance Review - 7+ Documents Word us? A New “Perfect” Choice on Life’s Menu. If I had to summarize it, it’s this: Our phone puts a new choice on life’s menu, in any moment, that’s “sweeter” than reality.
If, at any moment, reality gets dull or boring, our phone offers something more pleasurable, more productive and even more educational than whatever reality gives us. And this new choice fits into any moment. Our phone offers 5-second choices like “checking email” that feel better than waiting in Avery Name line. And it offers 30-minute choices like a podcast that will teach you that thing you’ve been dying to learn, which feels better than a 30-minute walk in silence. Once you see your phone this way, wouldn’t you turn to it more often? It always happens this way: when new things fill our needs better than the old, we switch:
When cheaper, faster to prepare food appears, we switch: Packaged foods. When more accurate search engines appear, we switch: Google. When cheaper, faster forms of transportation appear, we switch: Uber. So it goes with phones. But it also changes us on Review - 7+ Documents In Pdf, Word the inside. We grow less and less patient for reality as it is, especially when it’s boring or uncomfortable. We come to expect more from the - Scrapbooking Images On Pinterest world, more rapidly. And because reality can’t live up to our expectations, it reinforces how often we want to turn to our screens. A self-reinforcing feedback loop. And because of the attention economy, every product will only get more persuasive over time.
Facebook must become more persuasive if it wants to compete with YouTube and Performance Review, survive. YouTube must become more persuasive if it wants to compete with Facebook. Sample Financial Form Free Documents In Pdf! And we’re not just talking about Performance - 7+ Word, ‘cheap’ amusement (aka cat videos). These products will only Disciplinary Form – Joseph, get better at giving us choices that make every bone in our body say, “yeah I want that!” So what’s wrong about this? If the entire attention economy is working to fill us up with more perfect-feeling things to Sample Review - 7+ Documents spend time on, which outcompete being with the discomfort of ourselves or our surroundings, shouldn’t that be fantastic? Clearly something is missing from this picture. But what is Recommendation Letter Format Templates it? Maybe it’s that “filling people up,” even with incredible choices on screens somehow doesn’t add up to a life well lived . Or that those choices weren’t what we wished we’d been persuaded to Sample do in Name Badge - Affordablecarecat the bigger sense of our lives. With design as it is today, screens threaten our fundamental agency . Maybe we are “choosing,” but we are choosing from persuasive menus driven by companies who have different goals than ours.
And that begs us to ask, “what are our goals?” or how do we want to spend our time? There are as many “good lives” as there are people, but our technology (and the attention economy) don’t really seem on our team to give us the agency to Sample - 7+ live according to them. And it’s about to Freebies - Scrapbooking Images On Pinterest get a lot worse. Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality will offer whole new immersive realities that are even more persuasive than physical reality. When you could have sex with the person of your dreams, or fly through jungles in the Amazon rainforest while looking over at - 7+ In Pdf, Word, your best friend flying next to Excel Pdf Documents you, who would want to stick with reality?
By the way, this isn’t your usual “look, VR is coming!” prediction. Review In Pdf,! This is the real deal. Facebook recently spent $2 billion to Freebies - Scrapbooking Images buy Oculus Rift, and hopes to put them in every home for this holiday season. Performance - 7+! Just like the late 1980’s when suddenly everyone you knew had a Nintendo . So we have a fundamental misalignment – between what the attention economy is competing to produce (more perfect, persuasive choices that fit into any moment), the design of Recommendation Letter Templates, our phones, and the aspirations people have for their lives (their definition of “the good life”). So what’s missing from the design of Performance Review In Pdf,, our phones? I like to use the metaphor of ergonomics . When you think of Letter Format, ergonomics, you might think of boring things like how a cup fits into someone’s hand, but it’s way more than that. If regular design is about how we want things to work , ergonomics is concerned with failure modes and extremes : how things break under repetition, stress or other limits. And the goal of ergonomics is to Sample - 7+ Documents Word create an alignment between those limits, and the goals people have for how they want to use it. For example, an ergonomically designed coffee mug aligns the Images natural fatigue of forearm muscles during use (as a person “lifts” it to sip) with how frequently people want to use it, so they still can lift it successfully with repetition.
What does this have to do with phones? Our minds urgently need a new “ergonomics,” based on the mind’s limited capacities, biases, fatigue curves and the ways it forms habits. The attention economy tears our minds apart. Documents! With its onslaught of never-ending choices, never-ending supply of relationships and obligations, the attention economy bulldozes the Freebies Images On Pinterest natural shape of Sample Performance Documents In Pdf, Word, our physical and psychological limits and turns impulses into bad habits. Just like the food industry manipulates our innate biases for & Printables On Pinterest, salt, sugar and fat with perfectly engineered combinations, the Sample Performance - 7+ In Pdf, Word tech industry bulldozes our innate biases for Social Reciprocity (we’re built to get back to others), Social Approval (we’re built to 451 Best Freebies - Scrapbooking On Pinterest care what others think of us), Social Comparison (how we’re doing with respect to our peers) and Novelty-seeking (we’re built to Review Word seek surprises over the predictable).
Millions of years of evolution did a great job giving us genes to care about how others perceive us . Disciplinary Word! But Facebook bulldozes those biases, by forcing us to deal with how thousands of people perceive us. This isn’t to say that phones today aren’t designed ergonomically, they are just ergonomic to Review - 7+ a narrow scope of goals : for a single user (holding the phone) for single tasks (opening an Sample Service Excel, app) for individual choices. how far our thumb has to reach to tap an Performance, app how loud the phone must vibrate for our ear to hear it. So what if we expanded the scope of ergonomics for a more holistic set of human goals: a holistic sense of a person a holistic sense of how they want to spend their time (and goals) a holistic sense of Avery Badge, their relationships (interpersonal social choices) an ability to make holistic choices (including opportunity costs externalities) an ability to reflect, before and after. …and what if we aligned these goals with a more holistic set of our mental, social and emotional limits? Let’s call this new kind of Sample Performance Review In Pdf,, ergonomics “Holistic Ergonomics”. Holistic Ergonomics recognizes our holistic mental and emotional limits [vulnerabilities, fatigue and ways our minds form habits] and aligns them with the holistic goals we have for our lives (not just the single tasks). Holistic Ergonomics is built to give us back agency in Form - 8+ Documents an increasingly persuasive attention economy. Joe Edelman and I have taught design workshops on this, calling it EmpoweringDesign.org, or designing to empower people’s agency.
It includes an interpersonal ergonomics , to “align” our social psychological instincts with how and when we want to make ourselves available to others (like in Sample Performance Review Documents Word my TED talk), so that we can reclaim agency over Freebies & Printables - Scrapbooking On Pinterest, how we want to Sample Review Documents relate to others. Just like an ergonomic coffee mug is Action safe to live by, even under repetition, over and over again, without causing harm to ourselves or others, in a Time Well Spent world our phones would be designed with Holistic Ergonomics, so that even under repetition, over and over again, our phones do not cause harm to Sample Performance Word ourselves or others — our phones become safe to Job Offer Up Friendly live by . They support our Agency. Right now, two companies are responsible for Performance - 7+ Documents In Pdf, Word, the primary screens that a billion people live by. Apple and Google make the 6+ College | Quote Templates two dominant smartphone platforms. Facebook and Microsoft make leading Virtual and Augmented Reality platforms, Oculus and - 7+ Documents In Pdf,, Hololens. You might think that it’s against the business models of Apple and Google to Sample - 6 Word, Pdf Documents facilitate people’s agency, which might include making it easier to spend time off the screen, and use apps less . But it’s not. Apple and Google, like all companies, respond to what consumers demand. When Privacy became important to you, they responded. They developed new privacy and Sample - 7+ Documents In Pdf,, security features, and it sparked a whole new public conversation and Name Template - Affordablecarecat, debate.
It’s now the Performance - 7+ Documents In Pdf, most popular concern about technology discussed in media. When Organic food became important to Sample Order Template Free Word, you, they responded too. Walmart added it to Sample Performance - 7+ Documents In Pdf, Word their stores. We need to 451 Best Freebies Images do the same thing with this issue. Until now, with this experience of distraction, social media, and this vague sense that we don’t feel good when we use our phones for too long, there’s been nothing to - 7+ Documents In Pdf, rally behind.
It’s too diffuse. We receive so many incredible benefits from tech, but we’ve also been feeling like we’ve been losing ourselves, and our humanity? But we’re naming it now. What’s at stake is our Agency. Our ability to live the lives we want to live, choose the way we want to choose, and Disciplinary – Joseph, relate to others the way we want to relate to Performance Review Documents them – through technology. 6+ College Recommendation Templates! This is Review a design problem , not just a personal responsibility problem. If you want your Agency, you need to tell these companies that that’s what you want from them– not just another shiny new phone that overloads our psychological vulnerabilities. Tell them you want your Agency back, and to help you spend your time the way you want to, and Sample Setting Letter, they will respond.
I hope this helps spark that bigger conversation. Distracted in 2016? Reboot Your Phone with Mindfulness. People often tell me that starting a movement for a whole new type of technology that’s built to help people spend their time well sounds nice (and naively ambitious), but what are the things I can do to have a more mindful relationship with my devices right now ?” So I’ve taken a couple days to compile my best recommendations for iPhone users. - 7+ Documents Word! The tips below are meant to: Minimize Compulsive Checking Phantom Buzzes Minimize Fear of | Quote Templates, Missing Something Important Minimize Unconscious Use Minimize “Leaky” Interactions (“leaking out” into something unintended) Minimize Unnecessary Psychological Concerns generated by the screen. Note: These recommendations are for people who live by their smartphone (not casual users), and they’re based on Sample Review Documents In Pdf, Word findings from Avery Badge psychology and behavioral science. Tip #1: Create Your “Essential” Home Screen.
We check our phone 150 times a day, and each time we unlock to see that grid of apps and Sample Performance Review In Pdf,, red badges signaling everything we’ve missed, it immediately triggers a whole set of Action Form – Joseph, thoughts, feelings and concerns in our mind. What is Performance - 7+ Documents In Pdf, Time Well Spent (Part I): Design Distinctions. I’m often asked, so what is Job Offer Letter Non | Setting Letter Time Well Spent software? How do we define it? What does it mean to design for it?
Time Well Spent is a consumer movement to shift what we want from the companies who make our technology. Just like “Organic” was a movement to shift what we want from the companies who make our food. With Time Well Spent, we want technology that cares about helping us spend our time, and our lives, well – not seducing us into Sample Performance Word the most screen time, always-on interruptions or distractions. So, people ask, “Are you saying that you know how people should spend their time?” Of course not. Let’s first establish what Time Well Spent isn’t: It is Disciplinary Word – Joseph not a universal, normative view of how people should spend their time It is not saying that screen time is Sample Performance Review Documents In Pdf, Word bad, or that we should turn it all off. It is not saying that specific categories of apps (like social media or games) are bad. I thought I’d put some of the Recommendation Letter | Quote possible differences of Time Well Spent into Sample Performance - 7+ a chart – to distinguish how a company would design an app, website or service differently: These distinctions also apply differently for Freebies & Printables - Scrapbooking Images On Pinterest, different kinds of technologies.
Communication Tools: Email, Group Messaging, Text Messaging Social Media: Facebook, Twitter, Pinterest Content Publishers: NYTimes, Economist, BuzzFeed Content Platforms: YouTube, Medium Software Portals: Portals we use to access apps and websites (e.g. Chrome web browser, Android/iOS home screens) Hardware Portals: Smartphones, Tablets, Watches, Notifications (e.g. iPhone, Samsung Galaxy Edge) I’ll go into great detail about Review - 7+ Documents In Pdf,, these distinctions in future posts, along with specific examples of they show up in current products and potential new ones! To learn more, check out http://timewellspent.io or http://empoweringdesign.org for details on future meet-ups and events! Is Technology Amplifying Human Potential, or Amusing Ourselves to Avery - Affordablecarecat Death? When I was about five years old, my mom gave me a Macintosh LC II and I was hooked.
Not to Sample Performance - 7+ Documents Word Facebook or the Internet, they didn’t exist yet. I was hooked to Word, creating things – painting things, scripting interactive games in HyperCard, programming little tools or games. Like the Sample Review Documents In Pdf, technology visionaries of the 1970’s and 80’s like Doug Engelbart, Alan Kay and Steve Jobs, I optimistically believed computers could be “bicycles for our minds” and | Quote, amplify human potential. And they did empower us. But today, in the year 2015, “empowerment” rarely feels like my day to Sample - 7+ Word day experience with technology. Instead I feel constantly lured into Recommendation Letter Format | Quote distractions. I get sucked endlessly into email, distracting websites.
I get bulldozed by Review Documents In Pdf, interruptive text messages, back and forth scheduling, or find myself scrolling a website in a trance at Disciplinary Action Form Word, 1am. I feel like I’m caught in Sample Performance In Pdf, Word a whirlpool of Sample Order Excel Pdf Documents, “ Amusing Ourselves to Death ,” as author Neil Postman predicted 30 years ago. In the Performance - 7+ Documents Word book, Postman contrasts two dystopian visions of the Action Form – Joseph future. Performance In Pdf,! George Orwell’s 1984, where power is Sample - 6 Word, Excel expressed directly through Big Brother, oppressively restricting people’s freedoms. And Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World, where power is expressed indirectly , by saturating people with so many delightful distractions that they can’t see their oppression. Sample Performance Review - 7+ Documents In Pdf,! Where people “come to adore the technologies that would undo their capacities to think.” In Postman’s own words: What Orwell feared were those who would ban books. What Huxley feared was that there would be no reason to Action Form – Joseph ban a book, for there would be no one who wanted to read one.
Orwell feared those who would deprive us of information. Huxley feared those who would give us so much that we would be reduced to passivity and egoism. Orwell feared that the truth would be concealed from us. Huxley feared the truth would be drowned in a sea of irrelevance. As Huxley remarked … [they] “ failed to take into account man’s almost infinite appetite for Documents Word, distractions .” It’s scary how true this feels today. Huxley was concerned about what’s irresistible to our instincts. Not to vilify those instincts, but to recognize how they might get abused and Letter Non | Up Friendly, control us. Just like we have built-in gustatory instincts for salt, sugar and fat that are incredibly useful for Performance Documents In Pdf,, survival on Sample Setting Up Friendly Letter the Savannah but abused by our modern food environment , Huxley knew we have built-in instincts for novelty, curiosity gaps, social approval and fear of missing something important. These instincts are useful to have on the Savannah but our media environment adversarially exploits them to Performance Review - 7+ Documents Word keep us glued to screens. So why is our experience of the Internet and computing going this way?
Towards distraction, and away from empowerment? The attention economy means that no matter what a technology company aims to create – an informative news site like the - Scrapbooking New York Times, a meditation app to Performance - 7+ Word help people meditate, a social network, or an addictive game – they win by getting people to spend time. Service Order - 6 Free Word, Excel! What starts as an honest competition to make useful things that people spend time on , devolves into Sample Performance Documents In Pdf, Word a race to the bottom of the brain stem to maximize the time we spend. It means online publishers gradually converting headlines into curiosity gaps and Job Offer Letter Sample Non | Letter, clickbait. It means video sites like YouTube or Netflix auto-playing the next episode without waiting for you to click. It means businesses sending push notifications and email to pretend you are miss something important if you don’t check. And we’re vulnerable to these mechanisms. Sample Performance - 7+ Documents Word! Knowing their tricks doesn’t inoculate us to Job Offer Letter Setting Up Friendly their efficacy. The problem is, you can’t ask any business who’s in Sample Review - 7+ Documents In Pdf, Word this competition not to use these tricks if their competitors are doing it. You can’t ask YouTube to help you spend any less time on cute kitten videos if that’s what keeps you clicking, because someone else (another app, or another website) will swoop in and siphon that time somewhere else. Stock prices depend on keeping engagement numbers high.
It’s only going to get worse as businesses compete. We’re not going to Avery - Affordablecarecat get out of this situation until we change the thing for which these companies compete. From the currency of “Time Spent” to something else. This is Sample - 7+ Documents In Pdf, Word exactly how “Organic” certification changed the game for Service Order - 6 Free Excel, farmers. By defining and Performance In Pdf, Word, standardizing what makes “safe” cultivation practices (no pesticides), the Service Template Free Word, Excel Pdf Documents farmers who wanted to do what’s “good for us” no longer got undercut by farmers who used unsafe pesticides to achieve lower prices. It’s also how LEED certification changed the game, so green sustainable buildings could thrive in the marketplace. We need something like that for software, where businesses compete for Time Well Spent : a certification and a consumer rating that includes how their users, when shown a reflection of their use, later rate their experience as “time well spent” versus one they partially regret. Like Yelp reviews, but for experiences. Imagine a world where “Time Well Spent” determines your stock price, your popularity in Review Word app stores, your ranking in news feeds, your ability to 451 Best Freebies & Printables Images On Pinterest attract talented employees, your media attention, and funding possibilities. It’s a B-Corp movement for Performance, technology. I used to believe we could just ask software designers to take on 451 Best & Printables moral responsibility for how they shape the Sample Performance Review In Pdf, billions of minutes and hours of other people’s lives . 451 Best Freebies - Scrapbooking! But you can’t design “responsibly” when it conflicts with the business incentives you are obligated, by law, to maximize.
This is a long road, but we can get there by starting a new conversation. Instead of having the old conversation about self-control and Sample Performance Review - 7+ Word, waiting for Power Of Attorney Form, cultural norms to adapt automatically, direct your friends and family to a new conversation. Let’s set incentives to create a world where the Internet and Sample Review In Pdf,, my devices amplify human potential again, and where we can trust-fall into the whirlpool of Sample Non | Setting Up Friendly, technology and know that it is on Sample Review In Pdf, our team to help us spend our time, and our lives, well. Is your web browser a credit card for your time? The web browser isn’t just a tool that gets you from Template - 6 Excel Pdf Documents A to B, it’s also a medium that shapes the Sample Documents kinds of choices you make. Introducing the Medium. And the Message. Marshall McLuhan, the Service Order Template Free Word, Excel Canadian media theorist of the Sample Performance Review - 7+ Documents In Pdf, Word 20th century, famously coined the phrase, “the medium is the Sample Service - 6 Free Pdf Documents message.” His point was that if you want to understand a medium (television, radio, the Internet or web browser) you shouldn’t look at the messages – the words, images, stories or articles presented in it. You should look at how the Sample Review - 7+ medium organizes perception and 6+ College Recommendation Letter Format, choices.
The medium tells you everything about what messages will be successful. Television organizes perception and choice primarily around visual images , so… Shows with explosive visual images will be more rewarded than shows with dull images TV news shows with attractive broadcasters and Sample Performance Review - 7+ In Pdf,, dramatic footage will be more rewarded than news shows with unattractive broadcasters who tell stories in a soothing voice. Similarly with money, a $20 price (the message) matters less than the medium of the choice. Behavioral economists have shown that credit cards make us willing to spend more money than cash . Job Offer Non | Setting Letter! A study by Duncan Simester at MIT showed that MBA students offered baseball tickets were willing to pay twice as much when paying by credit card, than by cash. Neuroscientists have further shown that when we pay with cash, it actually hurts – high prices light up the brain’s insula, which is Review - 7+ Word associated with pain perception.
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A $20 price (the message) isn’t separate from medium it comes in. The medium is the message. The Web Browser as a Credit Card. So what does this have to do with technology? And why does this matter at all? Unlike with restaurant menu design, which affects how a few thousand people choose what to Sample Performance Review - 7+ In Pdf, eat a few times a year, software designers affect how a billion people make choices about Service Order Pdf Documents, spending their attention – more than 150 times every day. A small number of designers at tech companies create those mediums, which will reward certain messages (behaviors, clicks, scrolls) over others. And today, web browsers are designed like credit cards. They make it easy to “swipe” the Sample - 7+ Documents In Pdf, credit card for 6+ College | Quote, our time and take out a loan against our future selves . They make it easy to be swipe our credit card for more time than we intended, by Review - 7+ In Pdf, getting lost in an infinitely scrolling feed. They make it easy to click something we wish we hadn’t clicked later.
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I’ll be tackling these moral questions in future posts.