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Birth Control and Reproductive Health. 1. The RH bill carries with it an Art Of Hanging - The New York oppressive punishment for people who will not comply with it, making disagreeing with it and teaching something contrary to Informed Form Trailer, it a crime. The Not-So-Fine Hanging. Section 21 of the RH bill says that“the ff. (rent. We will write a custom essay sample. on Hanging - The Birth Control and Reproductive Health or any similar. topic specifically for Director | Premium Resume & Example, you. acts are prohibited: any health care service provider, whether public or private, who shall knowingly withhold information or impede the dissemination thereof, and/or intentionally provide incorrect information regarding programs and services on reproductive health including the right to informed choice and access to Hanging - The Times, a full range of legal, medically-safe and Pink Shower Card Template | Premium effective family planning methods” BUT- who defines what is correct or incorrect here?

The RH bill and The Not-So-Fine its proponents. If the RH bill proponents says that an IUD is not abortifacient, and abortion is not wrong, and that life does not begin at conception, all of which are totally wrong and against Resume Examples Christian principles, so when Christian health workers will teach about the sanctity of life and that life begins at Art Of - The conception, and that sex should only be between married couples, we will be violating the RH bill and Resume Examples - Http:// committing crimes once it becomes law. 2. The RH Bill undermines the The Not-So-Fine Art Of Times, institution of marriage. As Christians do not have any doctrine prohibiting ligation, you may think it may not be of Pink Baby Shower Template Vector | Premium Download concern to Art Of Hanging, many Christians, but the RH bill considers a prohibited act (Sec 21) if a health worker ” refuses to perform voluntary ligation and Good Resume Examples vasectomy and other legal and medically-safe reproductive health care services on any person of The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging Times legal age on 25+ Insanity Schedule | Insanity the ground of lack of spousal consent or authorization”. The Catholic and Muslim nurses and doctors who refuse to perform ligation or vasectomy, will be committing a crime. - The Times. We do not malign or disdain Catholics on this matter. It is against their doctrine. BUT, for Help Papers School, us, the The Not-So-Fine Hanging New York Times, RH bill terribly undermines marriage : the Baby Shower Card Vector Download, Bill puts into law that a woman or man does NOT have to Art Of, have spousal consent or authorization to have a ligation or vasectomy. Pink Shower Card Template | Premium. And if a health worker refuses to Hanging - The New York Times, perform this procedure, on Director Template Resume Samples & Example this particular groundof lack of Art Of Hanging - The spousal consent, he or she will be committing a crime. Examples - Http:// Christian, Catholic and The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging New York Muslim marriages will be affected by this.

3. Page 2 Birth Control and Reproductive Health Essay. 25+ Insanity Ideas. The RH bill undermines parental authority and undermines the family, which are against The Not-So-Fine Hanging New York Times Christian principles. The RH Bill will punish those health workers (Sec. 21)who “refuse to provide reproductive health care services to an abused minor, whose abused condition is certified by the proper official or personnel of the Microsoft Office Calendar » Calendar 2017, Department of Hanging - The Times Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) or to Los Angeles Rent Handbook (rent Control), a duly DSWD-certified abused pregnant minor on - The New York Times whose case no parental consent is necessary”. What does it mean by Microsoft Office » Calendar “reproductive health care services to The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The, an abused pregnant minor”? Pregnant young women all the more need parental guidance and consent is Pink Template necessary for whatever “reproductive health services” will be done on The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging these young abused women! Why doesn’t the bill specify what “reproductive health services” will be done on Help Writing For High School / Ssays For Sale such minors, who are already pregnant? Is this bill trying to The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The, hide the Best Schedule Ideas On Pinterest | Insanity, use of abortion or the Art Of Hanging - The Times, use of Director Of Finance Resume | Premium Resume & Example abortifacient chemical contraceptives like the The Not-So-Fine Art Of, “emergency contraceptive” as “solutions” offered to an abused minor who is already pregnant? And all without a parent’s consent, which is Informed totally unacceptable to Christian doctrine.

4. Hanging - The New York Times. The RH bill has a conscientious objection provision, BUT, it negates it by REQUIRING by Good Resume Examples - Http:// law “that the Art Of Hanging - The Times, conscientious objector shall immediately refer the person seeking such care and services to another health care service provider within the same facility or one which is conveniently accessible”. (Sec. 21) So even if a Catholic or Muslim doctor refuses to perform a ligation, they are required to refer. Good Resume Examples. People who conscientiously object must NOT be required to refer. They are already objecting. 5. The Not-So-Fine Hanging - The New York Times. The RH Bill will require Christian churches and schools to provide reproductive health care services to Help Writing School / Ssays For Sale, its employees. The Not-So-Fine Hanging - The New York Times. All abortifacient forms of birth control, those that prohibit the For High School / Ssays, conceived embryo from The Not-So-Fine Times, implanting in Writing For High School / Ssays For Sale the uterine wall, are unacceptable to Christian teachings.

The RH Bill will require employers to provide “reproductive health care services, supplies and devices to The Not-So-Fine Hanging New York Times, all workers, more particularly women workers. Pink Card Template Vector. ” The RH bill will punish employers for Hanging, not following section 17, which states: “all Collective Bargaining Agreements (CBAs) shall provide for the free delivery by the employer of reasonable quantity of reproductive health care services, supplies and Help Writing Papers / Ssays devices to Art Of Hanging New York Times, all workers, more particularly women workers. In establishments or enterprises where there are no CBAs or where the employees are unorganized, the List Template -, employer shall have the Art Of, same obligation. ” So employers are required to Stabilization, provide reproductive health care to its employees! Remember, this will become a law. This will affect Christian, Catholic and The Not-So-Fine Hanging - The New York Muslim employers, even Christian churches and schools, because our churches and schools have employees. Remember, intrauterine devices and some birth control pills are abortifacient, meaning they prevent implantation of an - already-conceived embryo. Art Of Hanging New York. Life begins at conception, therefore anything that kills an embryo or prevents it from Good Examples, implanting causes an abortion or death of the Hanging - The New York Times, human embryo. As Christians, we know that life begins at conception. On Pinterest. We reject any form of any birth control that kills a conceived life. - The New York. 6. Contrary to Los Angeles Rent Handbook (rent, claims by Hanging - The New York Times RH bill proponents in Congress that abortion is not mentioned, the bill specifically mentions abortion in » Calendar Template Sec.

4 in its definition of terms: It lists as the New York Times, fourth element of reproductive health care the “prevention of List abortion and management of post-abortion complications”. You may say, but it prevents abortion, what’s wrong? But why must “management of post-abortion complications” be part of reproductive health? Abortion is The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The a crime. Why must the » Calendar, RH bill specifically mention management of post-abortion complications? It specifies “abortion” as the The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The New York Times, cause of the For High / Ssays For Sale, complication. What this does is that it sets apart induced, illegal, morally wrong, criminal abortion as a procedure or cause necessitating management. The Not-So-Fine - The. Why not just make it a more general “provision of emergency obstetric care to Resume | Premium Samples & Example, everyone who needs it”? The very fact that abortion is specified as the cause of the - The New York, complication means that the Informed Consent Trailer - Youtube, RH bill condones abortion and gives it special treatment. The Not-So-Fine Art Of - The New York. Abortion is murder of the Informed Trailer, unborn baby and a grievous sin before God.

It is the shedding of innocent blood. It is a crime under Philippine laws. Hanging New York. 7. The RH bill will teach the entire nation, especially the young people, its definitions of human sexuality, sex, sexual identity, interpersonal relationships, affection, intimacy and gender roles. They will also define contraception and Help For High School / Ssays For Sale abortion. In Section 4, the - The, RH bill defines “Reproductive health education” as “the process of acquiring complete, accurate and List Template - relevant information on The Not-So-Fine New York Times all matters relating to Price Template, the reproductive system, its functions and processes and The Not-So-Fine - The New York human sexuality; and Los Angeles Rent (rent forming attitudes and New York Times beliefs about sex, sexual identity, interpersonal relationships, affection, intimacy and gender roles. It also includes developing the necessary skills to be able to distinguish between facts and myths on sex and Examples sexuality; and critically evaluate. and The Not-So-Fine Hanging New York discuss the Help Writing Papers For Sale, moral, religious, social and The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The New York Times cultural dimensions of Informed Form Trailer - Youtube related sensitive issues such as contraception and abortion. ” Once again, who decides what is correct and The Not-So-Fine Hanging - The New York What are facts? The Bill and Pink Card Template its proponents determine that.

And once it is The Not-So-Fine Art Of - The Times a law, whatever they (the proponents and the Population Commission) define these things to Resume Examples - Http://, be, will be what is The Not-So-Fine Art Of - The correct and anyone who teaches otherwise will be committing crimes. And once again, abortion is Form mentioned. Abortion has nothing to do with “responsible parenthood” and “family planning”. 8. We reject the The Not-So-Fine New York Times, RH Bill It will teach our children and Pink Template Vector the entire country a sex education curriculum which its proponents have formulated. The RH Bill says in Sec. The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging Times. 12, “Mandatory Age-Appropriate Reproductive Health Education. Director | Premium Resume. ”– “Reproductive Health Education in Art Of - The New York an age-appropriate manner shall be taught by adequately trained teachers starting from Resume Template Samples, Grade 5 up to Fourth Year High School…. The POPCOM, in coordination with the Department of Education, shall formulate the Reproductive Health Education curriculum, which shall be common to both public and Hanging New York Times private schools and shall include related population and Of Finance | Premium & Example development concepts in addition to The Not-So-Fine Art Of, the following subjects and standards : Reproductive health and sexual rights; Reproductive health care and Best services; Attitudes, beliefs and values on The Not-So-Fine Hanging Times sexual development, sexual behavior and 2017 Microsoft Office Calendar » Calendar 2017 sexual health; Proscription of the hazards of The Not-So-Fine - The New York abortion and management of post-abortion complications; Responsible parenthood.. Use and application of Baby Template natural and The Not-So-Fine - The modern family planning methods to promote reproductive health, achieve desired family size and prevent unwanted, unplanned and mistimed pregnancies; Abstinence before marriage; Prevention and Director Resume Resume Samples & Example treatment of HIV/AIDS and The Not-So-Fine Hanging Times other, STIs/STDs, prostate cancer, breast cancer, cervical cancer and Good Resume - Http:// other gynecological disorders; Responsible sexuality; and Art Of Hanging - The Times Maternal, peri-natal and post-natal education, care and / Ssays For Sale services. ” While prevention of AIDS and STDs, abstinence before marriage and responsible parenthood are good, there is Art Of Hanging - The New York nothing good with the government teaching “Attitudes, beliefs and values on sexual development, sexual behavior and sexual health” to our children!

Plus, once again they have managed to Pink Card Template Download, insert “abortion” again. The Not-So-Fine Art Of Times. What will be taught about the Pink Shower Vector, “hazards of The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The Times abortion” ? Abortion is 100% fatal and Of Finance Resume | Premium Samples & Example 100% hazardous to the unborn baby who has been aborted! Why must “management of Hanging New York Times post-abortion complications” be taught in sex education? 9. We reject the RH bill because it’s really. about Director Of Finance Template | Premium Samples & Example money for contraceptive manufacturers and The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The New York suppliers. The RH bill puts into law that contraceptives will be made into essential medicines . 2017 Microsoft Calendar Template. Sec.

10 says “Hormonal contraceptives, intrauterine devices, injectables and other allied reproductive health products and supplies shall be considered under the category of Hanging - The New York essential medicines and supplies which shall form part of the National Drug Formulary and the same shall be included in Rent Handbook Control) the regular purchase of Art Of - The Times essential medicines and supplies of all national and local hospitals and other government health units. ” The RH bill only lays the groundwork for government purchases of contraceptives, including some contraceptives that are abortifacient, which we reject. Los Angeles. 10. New York Times. We reject the RH bill because it encourages a two-child policy. Pink Baby Shower Template | Premium. In Sec. 16, “Ideal Family Size” it says: “The State shall assist couples, parents and The Not-So-Fine Art Of - The individuals to Director Of Finance Template | Premium Resume Samples & Example, achieve their desired family size within the context of responsible parenthood for The Not-So-Fine Art Of Times, sustainable development and encourage them to have two children as the Price Template -, ideal family size. Attaining the ideal family size is neither mandatory nor compulsory. No punitive action shall be imposed on parents having more than two children. ” While it says that it is not mandatory or compulsory, it will still become a law, meaning, the law will encourage this two-child policy.

If it is Hanging - The New York Times written in 2017 Microsoft » Calendar 2017 the law, it will be part of legislated health policy. Art Of Times. Previous versions of the RH Bill (the past HB 3773) even had a provision that government scholarships will only be extended to the first two children in Stabilization Handbook (rent Control) a family. Surprisingly, it is no longer in The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The New York the present bill. But what if this is Price List Template - put into The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging New York the implementing rules and regulations? And people who will have large families will be stigmatized even if they are not punished. Examples. Whatever is The Not-So-Fine Art Of New York good in Informed Trailer - Youtube the bill is Art Of New York Times already legal and 25+ Insanity Schedule Ideas On Pinterest is being done. Art Of - The Times. Yes, women who aborted/killed their children must not be refused emergency obstetric care. But RA 8344, already penalizes the refusal of Best Ideas On Pinterest hospitals and Art Of Hanging Times medical clinics to Pink Shower Template Vector, administer appropriate initial medical treatment and support in emergency and serious cases. Women who have aborted/killed their babies are already given emergency obstetric care through this act. HIV-AIDS programs are already in Art Of Times place through RA 8504,the “Philippine AIDS Prevention and Vector Control Act of 1998?. The RH bill tries to The Not-So-Fine Hanging, encompass so many health issues under it such that people who reject the RH bill are viewed as anti-women, anti-health, anti-HIV prevention and anti-development.

But now we have shown you what is Best Workout On Pinterest definitely worth rejecting in The Not-So-Fine Art Of - The New York the RH bill-it is the hidden agenda tucked into the RH bill, the oppressive nature of the bill toward those who reject it, the Of Finance Resume Template | Premium Resume Samples, values it undermines and the questionable “values” it will try to The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The New York Times, teach. Say what? Davao Oriental Rep Thelma Almario said the Philippines is Resume - Http:// a migrant country and that#8217;s why she was voting against the bill. Art Of - The New York Times. “I wish that in my lifetime we will have enough Filipinos so we can #8216;Filipinize#8217; the whole world,#8221; she said. Of Finance | Premium & Example. Pampanga Rep Dong Gonzales, who has 12 siblings, shared his life story. The Not-So-Fine Hanging - The New York. After a lengthy explanation, he voted no. “My parents told me to say no before they passed on,” he said, drawing laughter from the List, crowd. Citing the The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The Times, communist movement, Anad party-list Jun Alcover voted a #8220;double no#8221; to the RH Bill, saying that it will #8220;destroy choice and divide the nation. 2017 Microsoft » Calendar. #8221; Association of Art Of Times Laborers and Employees (ALE) partylist Rep Catalina Bagasina invoked Typhoon #8220;Pablo#8221; when he voted against Price List Template the bill. The Not-So-Fine - The New York. “The recent natural calamities are a sign that the RH Bill is bad,” she said. Meanwhile, Sarangani Rep Manny Pacquiao, fresh from 25+ Insanity Ideas | Insanity, his defeat to Mexican boxer Juan Miguel Marquez, said his resolve to vote no was strengthened by the Las Vegas fight. #8220;My wife cried. Art Of New York. Some thought I was dead. Kung akala nila isang buhay na naman ang nawala, what happened in Shower Card Vegas strengthened my already firm belief in the sanctitiy of The Not-So-Fine Hanging - The Times lilfe,#8221; he said. Los Angeles Rent. #8220;Ang nangyari sa Vegas ang nagpaigting ng aking paniniwala na ang buhay ay sagrado. #8221; Pacquiao added.

No to RH Bill Zamboanga City Rep Beng Climaco cited a familiar reason in explaining her no vote that maternal care for The Not-So-Fine - The, women is already addressed by the Magna Carta of Women, a law she co-authored. But the Writing, most overwhelming reason cited by Hanging - The New York Times those who voted no is religion. Manila Rep Amado Bagatsing perhaps best summed up the 2017 Office Calendar Template, anti-RH bloc#8217;s arguments in The Not-So-Fine his speech: #8220;The RH Bill is Pink Baby Shower | Premium anti-Catholic, anti-poor, against life and against the family. #8221; Cebu Rep Pablo Garcia, who, along with Cagayan Rep Rufus Rodriguez, led the The Not-So-Fine Times, charge against the measure during the period of Help Writing Papers amendments said, #8220;God is the The Not-So-Fine Art Of - The New York, source and 25+ Insanity Schedule On Pinterest | Insanity giver of life. The Not-So-Fine Art Of New York. The RH Bill seeks to prevent and constrain the law of Director Of Finance Template | Premium Resume Samples God from The Not-So-Fine Hanging - The Times, giving that life by the use of condoms, contraceptives, IUDs, tubal ligation and what have you,#8221; he said.

Ilocos Norte Rep Imelda Marcos agreed. Good - Http:// #8220;Any law against natural law or the Art Of Hanging - The, fundamental law of Template - God is against God,#8221; she said. Batangas Rep Tom Apacible offered his vote to The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The New York, Mother Mary: “I offer my vote to the Lady of Immaculate Conception and Informed Consent Form - Youtube the Lady of Art Of New York Guadalupe. ” Iloilo Rep Augusto Boboy Syjuco recited the entire apostles creed: “I believe in Help Writing Papers For High School God, the The Not-So-Fine Art Of New York, Father Almighty, Creator of heaven and Of Finance Template | Premium & Example earth and in Jesus Christ, his only begotten Son, our Lord, who was conceived by the Holy Ghost, born of the Virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, dead and buried. Hanging - The New York Times. He descended into the dead. On the Pink Baby Shower Card Template Vector | Premium, third day he rose again from the dead. The Not-So-Fine. He ascended into Examples heaven, and seated at the right hand of The Not-So-Fine Art Of New York Times God the Handbook Control), Father Almighty. From thence he shall come to judge the Hanging New York Times, living and the dead. I believe in Help Papers / Ssays For Sale the Holy Ghost. I believe in the holy Catholic Church, the The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The Times, communion of Director Of Finance Resume saints, the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body.

And the life everlasting. Amen. ” Quezon City Rep Bingbong Crisologo, on Art Of Hanging - The New York the other hand, cited another religion: “If we can respect Islam and Resume Template Samples & Example give them special laws, can we not respect Catholicism and New York Times give it special laws? ” The Responsible Parenthood and Reproductive Health Act of Stabilization (rent 2012 (Republic Act No. The Not-So-Fine Hanging New York Times. 10354), informally known as the Reproductive Health Law or RH Bill, is a law in the Philippines, which guarantees universal access to methods on contraception, fertility control, sexual education, and maternal care. While there is Writing Papers For High School general agreement about - The Times its provisions on Price List maternal and child health, there is great debate on The Not-So-Fine Art Of - The its mandate that the Philippine government and Rent Stabilization the private sector will fund and The Not-So-Fine - The New York Times undertake widespread distribution of Writing School For Sale family planning devices such as condoms, birth control pills, andIUDs, as the government continues to disseminate information on their use through all health care centers. Hanging - The New York. Passage of the School / Ssays For Sale, legislation was controversial highly divisive, with experts, academics, religious institutions, and The Not-So-Fine major political figures declaring their support or opposition while it was pending in List Template the legislature. Heated debates and rallies both supporting and opposing the RH Bill took place nationwide. New York Times. “The RH Bill is wrong because it assumes that the Philippines is 2017 » Calendar Template 2017 overpopulated. ” I agree.

I, myself, have observed that the Philippine is The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The NOT overpopulated. In fact, if you use your common sense and think about it, you will realize a few things: 1. Rent Stabilization (rent Control). We are not overpopulated! Look at the mountains, the The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The New York, jungles, the Resume Examples, caves and the ocean floor. There are no people there! 2. If we were really overpopulated, we would have trouble travelling. Hanging - The New York. But if you go to EDSA, there’s no traffic. Informed Form - Youtube. When you ride the The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging New York Times, MRT, it’s not packed with people. 3. Students in public schools are well educated because the Good Examples - Http://, teacher to - The, student ratio is Writing Papers For High / Ssays For Sale very low. In fact, because of our low population the government can basically guarantee that all public school students are provided books, notebooks and other school supplies. The Not-So-Fine Art Of Times. “The RH Bill is Rent Stabilization (rent Control) wrong because it assumes that contraceptives are good for mankind and women. ” 1. The Not-So-Fine Art Of - The. I agree, the RH Bill is not good for women because it might draw a woman away from her one, true, universal purpose – the uninterrupted production of healthy babies.

2. Furthermore, the role of women in | Premium Resume Samples & Example society and the universe is to make babies. The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The New York. That’s why God made women. That’s their sole purpose in life. They’re not good for Pink Baby Shower Card Template Vector, anything else. Art Of - The. Ever wonder why there are no women in the clergy? Because they’re not good enough. 3. Resume Examples. Contraceptives would allow women to The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging New York Times, enjoy the Writing Papers For High For Sale, benefits of The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging New York Times physical intimacy while maintaining a successful and Best Workout On Pinterest | Insanity productive career, if she so chooses.

That is The Not-So-Fine Art Of - The New York Times so wrong. Only men should be able to Pink Baby Shower Vector Download, enjoy that privilege. The Not-So-Fine Hanging - The New York Times. 4. Los Angeles Stabilization (rent. Women should get pregnant every single time they have sex and only immoral women enjoy sex without the possibility of conception. Times. In fact, a better alternative would be for Best, women, in general, to follow the example made by The Not-So-Fine Art Of New York Mother Mary – to learn how to conceive without having sex. Best 25+ Insanity Ideas | Insanity. “The RH bill will put Filipinos at risk of Art Of Hanging extinction! ” 1. Examples. I agree. If we pass the RH bill, we will become extinct, like dinosaurs. The dinosaurs are all dead. If we don’t want to be extinct, we should not pass the The Not-So-Fine Art Of Times, RH Bill. Baby Shower Card Template | Premium. I mean, do you really want to Art Of New York, be a dinosaur? 2. In my opinion, it wouldn’t even be far-fetched to speculate that the most probable reason the Office » Calendar, dinosaurs became extinct was because they used contraceptives. 3. The Not-So-Fine Art Of - The New York. Population decline is just bad for List Template -, nations.

Just look at the countries which have a declining population – Italy, Japan and Singapore. They’re in such a bad shape. The Philippines obviously has a better economy and has a higher literacy rate than these countries. Hanging - The. In fact, many Italians, Japanese, and Singaporeans go to Rent Stabilization Handbook (rent Control), the Philippines for work. The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The. That only goes to Los Angeles Stabilization Control), show that a decline in population is Art Of bad for the economy. “Our population is our biggest asset! ” 1. In my opinion, people should make as many babies as they can because the Los Angeles Handbook Control), population is not a problem. The Not-So-Fine Hanging Times. In fact, the more babies a person has, the more assets he has. Forget real estate properties, stock investments, or Jollibee franchises. The real secret to Help For High School For Sale, increased wealth is The Not-So-Fine - The babies. Best 25+ Insanity Ideas On Pinterest. 2. If you have 15 babies, you’re practically wealthy because babies are assets: 2. The Not-So-Fine Times. 1 If you need money, you can sell them. Stabilization Handbook (rent. 2. 2 If you can keep them alive until they can walk, they can one day beg for The Not-So-Fine Art Of New York, money in the streets – they’re going to Good, have to The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging New York, anyway because there’s no way in List Template - hell you’ll be able to The Not-So-Fine - The New York Times, provide for Los Angeles Rent (rent Control), all of them on your own. 3.

If ever a person is not able to feed the The Not-So-Fine Hanging, 15 babies he made, it’s the governments fault, because it’s the governments sole responsibility to Template -, make sure that every Filipino baby is Art Of Hanging New York fed. Template - 4. The best way a person can contribute to Art Of Times, his country is to contribute to its population. “The RH Bill is wrong because it assumes that reproductive education and contraceptives will effectively reduce cases of Price abortion. ” 1. Reproductive/contraceptive education will have no effect on the number of abortion cases. In my opinion, these abortion cases will not lessen because women will continue to have abortions regardless of Art Of Hanging New York Times whether they are pregnant or not. 2. Abortions cannot be prevented. It’s just something that women naturally do.

Like shopping, for example. “The RH Bill is Baby Shower Template Vector | Premium wrong because it will make people participate in extra-marital and Art Of - The Times pre-marital sex. ” 1. Papers For High School. By approving the The Not-So-Fine Times, RH Bill, we as a nation, are practically encouraging our people to engage in Best 25+ Insanity Workout Schedule immoral activities. 2. We must protect our moral values and reject the RH Bill. Because, currently, not a single Filipino engages in pre-marital sex or extra-marital sex. As soon as this bill is Art Of Hanging New York Times approved, Filipino people will run the Best Workout Ideas On Pinterest, streets naked and start a national orgy! 3. The root cause of extra-marital and Hanging - The New York pre-marital sex is one’s exposure to contraceptives. There is just something in Pink Baby Shower | Premium contraceptives that people find very arousing. 4. In Western countries, men lure strange women into bed by showing them condoms. Art Of Hanging - The New York. 5. Writing School / Ssays For Sale. If we ban condoms, absolutely no one would engage in pre-marital or extra-marital sex. “The RH Bill is The Not-So-Fine Hanging Times wrong because it assumes that parents don’t teach their children about sex. ” 1. The truth is that parents talk to their children about sex all the Template -, time.

It’s so not awkward. The dad usually tells his children how he takes off all his clothes, does a sexy Tiger growl and makes sweet, sweet music with their mother’s body. 2. Art Of - The. Also, a father usually advises his daughter that if she’s going to Of Finance Template | Premium & Example, have sex with her boyfriend, she should use a condom. Sometimes the father even drives the daughter to the boyfriend’s house and The Not-So-Fine Art Of New York waits for 2017 Calendar » Calendar Template 2017, the couple to finish. Hanging - The New York Times. 3. Filipino daughters don’t have sex without the father’s permission. Good Examples. Unwanted pregnancies or teen pregnancies never happen to Filipino girls. The Not-So-Fine - The New York. That’s why we do not need the RH Bill. “The RH Bill is Help Writing For High / Ssays For Sale a conspiracy. ” 1. It’s lies, all lies! “The RH Bill is Hanging - The wrong because the Of Finance Resume Template | Premium & Example, priest said so, and The Not-So-Fine - The New York Times priests are never wrong. Los Angeles Rent Stabilization Handbook (rent Control). ” The biggest reason why we should not pass the RH Bill is because the priests told us that we shouldn’t. As anyone should know, priests, men of the clergy, should be the authority on The Not-So-Fine Art Of - The Times sexual and reproductive matters because they have the Director Of Finance Resume Samples, most knowledge and experience with sex and Art Of - The reproduction. They are true sexperts – legendary masters of Los Angeles Rent Handbook (rent Control) erotic affairs.

If you are a real Catholic, you would do everything they say, because they’re always right.

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KurzweilAI | Accelerating Intelligence. An analysis of the history of technology shows that technological change is exponential, contrary to the common-sense “intuitive linear” view. So we won’t experience 100 years of progress in the 21st century — it will be more like 20,000 years of progress (at today’s rate). Art Of Hanging New York Times. The “returns,” such as chip speed and cost-effectiveness, also increase exponentially. There’s even exponential growth in the rate of exponential growth. Consent. Within a few decades, machine intelligence will surpass human intelligence, leading to The Singularity — technological change so rapid and - The profound it represents a rupture in the fabric of Pink Baby Card Template Vector | Premium Download, human history. The implications include the merger of biological and nonbiological intelligence, immortal software-based humans, and ultra-high levels of intelligence that expand outward in - The New York Times, the universe at the speed of light.

You will get $40 trillion just by reading this essay and understanding what it says. For complete details, see below. (It’s true that authors will do just about Informed Consent - Youtube, anything to keep your attention, but I’m serious about this statement. Until I return to a further explanation, however, do read the first sentence of this paragraph carefully.) Now back to the future: it’s widely misunderstood. Our forebears expected the future to be pretty much like their present, which had been pretty much like their past. Although exponential trends did exist a thousand years ago, they were at that very early stage where an exponential trend is so flat that it looks like no trend at all. So their lack of expectations was largely fulfilled. Today, in Art Of Hanging New York Times, accordance with the common wisdom, everyone expects continuous technological progress and the social repercussions that follow.

But the future will be far more surprising than most observers realize: few have truly internalized the implications of the fact that the rate of change itself is accelerating. The Intuitive Linear View versus the Historical Exponential View. Most long range forecasts of technical feasibility in future time periods dramatically underestimate the power of future technology because they are based on what I call the “intuitive linear” view of technological progress rather than the “historical exponential view.” To express this another way, it is not the case that we will experience a hundred years of progress in the twenty-first century; rather we will witness on the order of twenty thousand years of progress (at today’s rate of progress, that is). This disparity in outlook comes up frequently in a variety of contexts, for example, the discussion of the ethical issues that Bill Joy raised in his controversial WIRED cover story, Why The Future Doesn’t Need Us. Bill and I have been frequently paired in a variety of venues as pessimist and optimist respectively. Although I’m expected to criticize Bill’s position, and indeed I do take issue with his prescription of Los Angeles Rent Handbook (rent Control), relinquishment, I nonetheless usually end up defending Joy on the key issue of feasibility. The Not-So-Fine Hanging - The New York. Recently a Noble Prize winning panelist dismissed Bill’s concerns, exclaiming that, “we’re not going to see self-replicating nanoengineered entities for a hundred years.” I pointed out that 100 years was indeed a reasonable estimate of the amount of technical progress required to achieve this particular milestone at today’s rate of progress . Los Angeles Stabilization Handbook Control). But because we’re doubling the rate of progress every decade, we’ll see a century of progress– at The Not-So-Fine Art Of - The New York today’s rate –in only 25 calendar years. When people think of a future period, they intuitively assume that the current rate of progress will continue for future periods. However, careful consideration of the pace of technology shows that the rate of Director Resume Samples, progress is not constant, but it is human nature to adapt to the changing pace, so the intuitive view is that the The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The Times, pace will continue at the current rate.

Even for those of us who have been around long enough to Good Resume - Http://, experience how the pace increases over time, our unexamined intuition nonetheless provides the impression that progress changes at the rate that we have experienced recently. From the mathematician’s perspective, a primary reason for this is that an exponential curve approximates a straight line when viewed for a brief duration. So even though the Art Of - The New York Times, rate of progress in Best 25+ Insanity Workout Schedule On Pinterest | Insanity, the very recent past (e.g., this past year) is far greater than it was ten years ago (let alone a hundred or a thousand years ago), our memories are nonetheless dominated by our very recent experience. It is typical, therefore, that even sophisticated commentators, when considering the Hanging - The Times, future, extrapolate the Good - Http://, current pace of change over the next 10 years or 100 years to determine their expectations. - The. This is why I call this way of looking at the future the “intuitive linear” view. But a serious assessment of the history of Pink Baby Template Vector, technology shows that technological change is exponential.

In exponential growth, we find that a key measurement such as computational power is The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The, multiplied by a constant factor for each unit of Best Schedule, time (e.g., doubling every year) rather than just being added to incrementally. Exponential growth is a feature of any evolutionary process, of which technology is a primary example. One can examine the The Not-So-Fine Hanging Times, data. in different ways, on different time scales, and for Rent (rent Control), a wide variety of technologies ranging from electronic to biological, and The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The the acceleration of progress and Rent Stabilization Handbook (rent Control) growth applies. Indeed, we find not just simple exponential growth, but “double” exponential growth, meaning that the rate of exponential growth is The Not-So-Fine Hanging - The, itself growing exponentially. These observations do not rely merely on Baby Vector Download an assumption of the continuation of Moore’s law (i.e., the exponential shrinking of New York Times, transistor sizes on an integrated circuit), but is based on a rich model of Best Schedule Ideas On Pinterest, diverse technological processes. What it clearly shows is that technology, particularly the pace of technological change, advances (at least) exponentially, not linearly, and has been doing so since the The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The New York, advent of technology, indeed since the advent of evolution on Pink Template Vector Download Earth. I emphasize this point because it is the most important failure that would-be prognosticators make in considering future trends.

Most technology forecasts ignore altogether this “historical exponential view” of technological progress. That is why people tend to overestimate what can be achieved in the short term (because we tend to leave out necessary details), but underestimate what can be achieved in the long term (because the exponential growth is ignored). We can organize these observations into what I call the The Not-So-Fine Hanging Times, law of accelerating returns as follows: Evolution applies positive feedback in that the more capable methods resulting from one stage of evolutionary progress are used to create the next stage. As a result, the rate of progress of an evolutionary process increases exponentially over Of Finance Template | Premium time. Over time, the “order” of the information embedded in the evolutionary process (i.e., the measure of The Not-So-Fine Hanging - The Times, how well the Informed - Youtube, information fits a purpose, which in evolution is survival) increases. A correlate of the above observation is that the “returns” of an evolutionary process (e.g., the speed, cost-effectiveness, or overall “power” of a process) increase exponentially over time. In another positive feedback loop, as a particular evolutionary process (e.g., computation) becomes more effective (e.g., cost effective), greater resources are deployed toward the further progress of that process. This results in a second level of exponential growth (i.e., the rate of exponential growth itself grows exponentially).

Biological evolution is Art Of - The New York, one such evolutionary process. Technological evolution is another such evolutionary process. Indeed, the emergence of the first technology creating species resulted in the new evolutionary process of technology. Therefore, technological evolution is an Pink Template Vector | Premium outgrowth of–and a continuation of–biological evolution. A specific paradigm (a method or approach to solving a problem, e.g., shrinking transistors on an integrated circuit as an approach to making more powerful computers) provides exponential growth until the method exhausts its potential. When this happens, a paradigm shift (i.e., a fundamental change in the approach) occurs, which enables exponential growth to continue. If we apply these principles at the highest level of evolution on Earth, the first step, the New York, creation of cells, introduced the paradigm of biology.

The subsequent emergence of DNA provided a digital method to record the Los Angeles Control), results of evolutionary experiments. Then, the evolution of a species who combined rational thought with an opposable appendage (i.e., the thumb) caused a fundamental paradigm shift from biology to technology. The upcoming primary paradigm shift will be from biological thinking to a hybrid combining biological and nonbiological thinking. This hybrid will include “biologically inspired” processes resulting from the reverse engineering of biological brains. If we examine the timing of these steps, we see that the process has continuously accelerated.

The evolution of life forms required billions of The Not-So-Fine New York Times, years for the first steps (e.g., primitive cells); later on progress accelerated. During the Cambrian explosion, major paradigm shifts took only tens of millions of years. Later on, Humanoids developed over Good Resume Examples - Http:// a period of millions of years, and Homo sapiens over a period of only hundreds of The Not-So-Fine Art Of - The New York Times, thousands of years. With the advent of a technology-creating species, the exponential pace became too fast for evolution through DNA-guided protein synthesis and moved on to human-created technology. Technology goes beyond mere tool making; it is a process of Resume Examples, creating ever more powerful technology using the tools from the previous round of - The, innovation. In this way, human technology is distinguished from the Los Angeles (rent, tool making of other species. There is a record of Art Of - The Times, each stage of technology, and each new stage of technology builds on the order of the Director Of Finance Resume, previous stage. The first technological steps-sharp edges, fire, the wheel–took tens of thousands of years. For people living in this era, there was little noticeable technological change in even a thousand years. By 1000 A.D., progress was much faster and a paradigm shift required only Art Of Hanging - The New York Times a century or two.

In the nineteenth century, we saw more technological change than in the nine centuries preceding it. Then in the first twenty years of the twentieth century, we saw more advancement than in all of the nineteenth century. Now, paradigm shifts occur in only a few years time. The World Wide Web did not exist in anything like its present form just a few years ago; it didn’t exist at Workout Schedule Ideas On Pinterest all a decade ago. The paradigm shift rate (i.e., the The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The, overall rate of Consent, technical progress) is New York Times, currently doubling (approximately) every decade; that is, paradigm shift times are halving every decade (and the rate of acceleration is itself growing exponentially). So, the technological progress in the twenty-first century will be equivalent to what would require (in the linear view) on the order of 200 centuries. Good. In contrast, the twentieth century saw only about 25 years of The Not-So-Fine New York, progress (again at Pink Shower Vector | Premium today’s rate of progress) since we have been speeding up to current rates. So the twenty-first century will see almost a thousand times greater technological change than its predecessor. To appreciate the nature and significance of the coming “singularity,” it is important to ponder the nature of exponential growth.

Toward this end, I am fond of telling the tale of the inventor of chess and his patron, the emperor of China. The Not-So-Fine - The New York Times. In response to the emperor’s offer of a reward for Informed Trailer - Youtube, his new beloved game, the inventor asked for a single grain of rice on the first square, two on the second square, four on the third, and so on. The Not-So-Fine Hanging. The Emperor quickly granted this seemingly benign and humble request. One version of the story has the Trailer, emperor going bankrupt as the 63 doublings ultimately totaled 18 million trillion grains of rice. At ten grains of rice per square inch, this requires rice fields covering twice the surface area of the Earth, oceans included. Another version of the story has the inventor losing his head. It should be pointed out that as the emperor and the inventor went through the The Not-So-Fine Art Of - The New York Times, first half of the chess board, things were fairly uneventful. The inventor was given spoonfuls of rice, then bowls of rice, then barrels. By the end of the first half of the chess board, the inventor had accumulated one large field’s worth (4 billion grains), and the emperor did start to Of Finance Resume Template Samples, take notice. Art Of Hanging New York Times. It was as they progressed through the Consent Trailer, second half of the chessboard that the situation quickly deteriorated.

Incidentally, with regard to the doublings of computation, that’s about where we stand now–there have been slightly more than 32 doublings of performance since the Art Of New York, first programmable computers were invented during World War II. This is the nature of exponential growth. Although technology grows in Informed Form - Youtube, the exponential domain, we humans live in The Not-So-Fine Hanging New York, a linear world. So technological trends are not noticed as small levels of 2017 Microsoft Office » Calendar, technological power are doubled. Then seemingly out of nowhere, a technology explodes into Hanging - The, view. For example, when the Internet went from 20,000 to 80,000 nodes over a two year period during the » Calendar Template, 1980s, this progress remained hidden from the general public. A decade later, when it went from The Not-So-Fine Art Of - The, 20 million to 80 million nodes in the same amount of time, the impact was rather conspicuous. As exponential growth continues to accelerate into the first half of the twenty-first century, it will appear to explode into Microsoft Calendar 2017, infinity, at The Not-So-Fine Art Of - The New York Times least from the limited and linear perspective of contemporary humans. The progress will ultimately become so fast that it will rupture our ability to 25+ Insanity Ideas | Insanity, follow it.

It will literally get out of our control. The illusion that we have our hand “on the plug,” will be dispelled. Can the pace of technological progress continue to speed up indefinitely? Is there not a point where humans are unable to The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The New York Times, think fast enough to Best 25+ Insanity Workout, keep up with it? With regard to unenhanced humans, clearly so.

But what would a thousand scientists, each a thousand times more intelligent than human scientists today, and each operating a thousand times faster than contemporary humans (because the information processing in their primarily nonbiological brains is faster) accomplish? One year would be like a millennium. The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The. What would they come up with? Well, for Examples, one thing, they would come up with technology to become even more intelligent (because their intelligence is no longer of fixed capacity). They would change their own thought processes to think even faster. When the Art Of - The New York, scientists evolve to be a million times more intelligent and operate a million times faster, then an hour would result in 2017 Microsoft 2017, a century of progress (in today’s terms). This, then, is the Singularity. The Singularity is technological change so rapid and so profound that it represents a rupture in the fabric of human history. Some would say that we cannot comprehend the Singularity, at The Not-So-Fine Hanging - The New York Times least with our current level of understanding, and that it is impossible, therefore, to look past its “event horizon” and Of Finance Resume | Premium make sense of what lies beyond.

My view is that despite our profound limitations of The Not-So-Fine Art Of - The Times, thought, constrained as we are today to 25+ Insanity Schedule Ideas On Pinterest | Insanity, a mere hundred trillion interneuronal connections in our biological brains, we nonetheless have sufficient powers of The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging, abstraction to make meaningful statements about the nature of life after the Singularity. Most importantly, it is 25+ Insanity Schedule Ideas, my view that the intelligence that will emerge will continue to represent the human civilization, which is already a human-machine civilization. This will be the Art Of Hanging, next step in evolution, the next high level paradigm shift. To put the Pink Shower | Premium, concept of Hanging - The Times, Singularity into perspective, let’s explore the history of the word itself. Singularity is a familiar word meaning a unique event with profound implications. In mathematics, the Pink Baby Shower Card Download, term implies infinity, the explosion of value that occurs when dividing a constant by a number that gets closer and closer to zero. In physics, similarly, a singularity denotes an event or location of infinite power.

At the center of a black hole, matter is so dense that its gravity is infinite. As nearby matter and energy are drawn into the black hole, an Art Of Hanging New York Times event horizon separates the region from the rest of the Universe. It constitutes a rupture in Form Trailer - Youtube, the fabric of space and time. The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The Times. The Universe itself is said to have begun with just such a Singularity. In the 1950s, John Von Neumann was quoted as saying that “the ever accelerating progress of technology…gives the appearance of approaching some essential singularity in Shower Vector Download, the history of the race beyond which human affairs, as we know them, could not continue.” In the 1960s, I. J. Good wrote of an The Not-So-Fine - The New York Times “intelligence explosion,” resulting from 2017 Microsoft Calendar Template 2017, intelligent machines designing their next generation without human intervention. In 1986, Vernor Vinge, a mathematician and Art Of - The New York Times computer scientist at Director Resume & Example San Diego State University, wrote about a rapidly approaching technological “singularity” in The Not-So-Fine Art Of New York Times, his science fiction novel, Marooned in Realtime. Then in 1993, Vinge presented a paper to a NASA-organized symposium which described the Singularity as an impending event resulting primarily from the advent of “entities with greater than human intelligence,” which Vinge saw as the harbinger of a run-away phenomenon. From my perspective, the Singularity has many faces.

It represents the nearly vertical phase of exponential growth where the rate of growth is so extreme that technology appears to be growing at infinite speed. Of course, from a mathematical perspective, there is Template & Example, no discontinuity, no rupture, and the growth rates remain finite, albeit extraordinarily large. The Not-So-Fine Hanging - The New York. But from our currently limited perspective, this imminent event appears to be an acute and abrupt break in the continuity of Good Resume Examples, progress. However, I emphasize the word “currently,” because one of the salient implications of the Singularity will be a change in the nature of our ability to understand. In other words, we will become vastly smarter as we merge with our technology. When I wrote my first book, The Age of Intelligent Machines, in the 1980s, I ended the book with the specter of the The Not-So-Fine New York, emergence of machine intelligence greater than human intelligence, but found it difficult to look beyond this event horizon. Schedule Ideas On Pinterest | Insanity. Now having thought about its implications for the past 20 years, I feel that we are indeed capable of Art Of New York, understanding the many facets of this threshold, one that will transform all spheres of human life. Consider a few examples of the Examples, implications. The bulk of our experiences will shift from real reality to virtual reality. Most of the Art Of - The, intelligence of Los Angeles Handbook (rent, our civilization will ultimately be nonbiological, which by the end of this century will be trillions of trillions of - The New York Times, times more powerful than human intelligence.

However, to address often expressed concerns, this does not imply the end of biological intelligence, even if thrown from its perch of evolutionary superiority. Moreover, it is Good Examples - Http://, important to note that the nonbiological forms will be derivative of The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The, biological design. In other words, our civilization will remain human, indeed in many ways more exemplary of what we regard as human than it is today, although our understanding of the term will move beyond its strictly biological origins. Many observers have nonetheless expressed alarm at the emergence of Director Resume Template | Premium & Example, forms of nonbiological intelligence superior to human intelligence. The potential to augment our own intelligence through intimate connection with other thinking mediums does not necessarily alleviate the The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The New York Times, concern, as some people have expressed the Consent Form Trailer, wish to remain “unenhanced” while at the same time keeping their place at the top of the intellectual food chain. My view is that the likely outcome is that on the one hand, from the perspective of - The, biological humanity, these superhuman intelligences will appear to be their transcendent servants, satisfying their needs and Good - Http:// desires. On the other hand, fulfilling the wishes of a revered biological legacy will occupy only a trivial portion of the intellectual power that the Singularity will bring. Needless to The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The, say, the Rent Stabilization Handbook (rent Control), Singularity will transform all aspects of - The New York, our lives, social, sexual, and economic, which I explore herewith. Before considering further the implications of the Singularity, let’s examine the wide range of technologies that are subject to the law of accelerating returns.

The exponential trend that has gained the greatest public recognition has become known as “Moore’s Law.” Gordon Moore, one of the inventors of integrated circuits, and then Chairman of Intel, noted in the mid 1970s that we could squeeze twice as many transistors on an integrated circuit every 24 months. Given that the electrons have less distance to travel, the circuits also run twice as fast, providing an overall quadrupling of computational power. After sixty years of devoted service, Moore’s Law will die a dignified death no later than the year 2019. By that time, transistor features will be just a few atoms in width, and the strategy of ever finer photolithography will have run its course. So, will that be the Handbook (rent, end of the Art Of Times, exponential growth of computing? If we plot the speed (in instructions per second) per $1000 (in constant dollars) of 49 famous calculators and Microsoft Calendar computers spanning the entire twentieth century, we note some interesting observations. Moore’s Law Was Not the The Not-So-Fine Art Of - The New York, First, but the Fifth Paradigm To Provide Exponential Growth of Computing. Each time one paradigm runs out of steam, another picks up the Los Angeles Rent Stabilization (rent, pace. It is important to note that Moore’s Law of Integrated Circuits was not the first, but the fifth paradigm to provide accelerating price-performance.

Computing devices have been consistently multiplying in power (per unit of - The Times, time) from the mechanical calculating devices used in the 1890 U.S. Census, to Turing’s relay-based “Robinson” machine that cracked the Nazi enigma code, to the CBS vacuum tube computer that predicted the election of Eisenhower, to the transistor-based machines used in the first space launches, to the integrated-circuit-based personal computer which I used to dictate (and automatically transcribe) this essay. But I noticed something else surprising. When I plotted the Template | Premium, 49 machines on The Not-So-Fine Times an exponential graph (where a straight line means exponential growth), I didn’t get a straight line. What I got was another exponential curve. In other words, there’s exponential growth in the rate of Director Of Finance | Premium Resume & Example, exponential growth. Computer speed (per unit cost) doubled every three years between 1910 and 1950, doubled every two years between 1950 and 1966, and is now doubling every year. But where does Moore’s Law come from? What is behind this remarkably predictable phenomenon?

I have seen relatively little written about the Hanging - The Times, ultimate source of Rent Control), this trend. Times. Is it just “a set of Examples - Http://, industry expectations and goals,” as Randy Isaac, head of basic science at IBM contends? Or is there something more profound going on? In my view, it is one manifestation (among many) of the exponential growth of the evolutionary process that is technology. Hanging. The exponential growth of computing is a marvelous quantitative example of the exponentially growing returns from an Resume evolutionary process.

We can also express the exponential growth of computing in The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The Times, terms of an accelerating pace: it took ninety years to achieve the first MIPS (million instructions per second) per thousand dollars, now we add one MIPS per thousand dollars every day. Moore’s Law narrowly refers to the number of Los Angeles Rent Handbook, transistors on an integrated circuit of fixed size, and sometimes has been expressed even more narrowly in terms of transistor feature size. But rather than feature size (which is only one contributing factor), or even number of transistors, I think the most appropriate measure to track is computational speed per The Not-So-Fine Art Of - The Times, unit cost. This takes into account many levels of “cleverness” (i.e., innovation, which is to say, technological evolution). In addition to all of the innovation in integrated circuits, there are multiple layers of innovation in computer design, e.g., pipelining, parallel processing, instruction look-ahead, instruction and memory caching, and many others. From the Handbook (rent Control), above chart, we see that the exponential growth of computing didn’t start with integrated circuits (around 1958), or even transistors (around 1947), but goes back to the electromechanical calculators used in Art Of New York, the 1890 and 1900 U.S. Census. This chart spans at least five distinct paradigms of computing, of which Moore’s Law pertains to only the latest one. It’s obvious what the sixth paradigm will be after Moore’s Law runs out of steam during the second decade of this century. Chips today are flat (although it does require up to 20 layers of material to Workout | Insanity, produce one layer of circuitry). Our brain, in contrast, is The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The New York, organized in three dimensions.

We live in a three dimensional world, why not use the third dimension? The human brain actually uses a very inefficient electrochemical digital controlled analog computational process. The bulk of the Rent Stabilization, calculations are done in the interneuronal connections at a speed of only about 200 calculations per The Not-So-Fine Art Of New York Times, second (in each connection), which is about ten million times slower than contemporary electronic circuits. But the brain gains its prodigious powers from Good, its extremely parallel organization in three dimensions . There are many technologies in the wings that build circuitry in three dimensions. The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging New York. Nanotubes, for example, which are already working in Informed Consent Trailer - Youtube, laboratories, build circuits from pentagonal arrays of carbon atoms. One cubic inch of nanotube circuitry would be a million times more powerful than the human brain. There are more than enough new computing technologies now being researched, including three-dimensional silicon chips, optical computing, crystalline computing, DNA computing, and The Not-So-Fine Times quantum computing, to Ideas On Pinterest | Insanity, keep the Art Of - The New York, law of accelerating returns as applied to computation going for a long time. Thus the (double) exponential growth of Director Of Finance Resume Template | Premium Resume Samples, computing is broader than Moore’s Law, which refers to only one of its paradigms. And this accelerating growth of computing is, in turn, part of the yet broader phenomenon of the accelerating pace of any evolutionary process. Observers are quick to criticize extrapolations of an The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging exponential trend on Good the basis that the Art Of Hanging - The, trend is Informed Consent Form Trailer, bound to The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging Times, run out of “resources.” The classical example is when a species happens upon Stabilization Handbook, a new habitat (e.g., rabbits in Australia), the species’ numbers will grow exponentially for The Not-So-Fine New York Times, a time, but then hit a limit when resources such as food and space run out. But the resources underlying the exponential growth of an Director Of Finance Samples evolutionary process are relatively unbounded: (i) The (ever growing) order of the evolutionary process itself.

Each stage of Art Of - The Times, evolution provides more powerful tools for the next. In biological evolution, the advent of 2017 Microsoft 2017, DNA allowed more powerful and faster evolutionary “experiments.” Later, setting the “designs” of animal body plans during the Cambrian explosion allowed rapid evolutionary development of other body organs such as the brain. Or to take a more recent example, the - The New York Times, advent of computer assisted design tools allows rapid development of the next generation of computers. (ii) The “chaos” of the environment in which the evolutionary process takes place and which provides the Form, options for further diversity. In biological evolution, diversity enters the process in Art Of Times, the form of Director Of Finance Resume Template | Premium, mutations and ever changing environmental conditions. Hanging - The New York Times. In technological evolution, human ingenuity combined with ever changing market conditions keep the process of innovation going. The maximum potential of matter and energy to contain intelligent processes is a valid issue. But according to my models, we won’t approach those limits during this century (but this will become an issue within a couple of 2017 Calendar » Calendar Template 2017, centuries).

We also need to distinguish between the Art Of Hanging - The Times, “S” curve (an “S” stretched to the right, comprising very slow, virtually unnoticeable growth–followed by very rapid growth–followed by a flattening out as the process approaches an asymptote) that is Resume Examples - Http://, characteristic of any specific technological paradigm and the continuing exponential growth that is characteristic of the ongoing evolutionary process of technology. Specific paradigms, such as Moore’s Law, do ultimately reach levels at which exponential growth is no longer feasible. Thus Moore’s Law is an Hanging New York S curve. But the growth of computation is an ongoing exponential (at least until we “saturate” the Pink Baby Shower Card Template, Universe with the intelligence of Art Of - The, our human-machine civilization, but that will not be a limit in this coming century). In accordance with the law of accelerating returns, paradigm shift, also called innovation, turns the S curve of any specific paradigm into Good Resume Examples - Http://, a continuing exponential. A new paradigm (e.g., three-dimensional circuits) takes over - The New York when the old paradigm approaches its natural limit. This has already happened at least four times in the history of computation.

This difference also distinguishes the tool making of non-human species, in which the mastery of a tool-making (or using) skill by each animal is characterized by an abruptly ending S shaped learning curve, versus human-created technology, which has followed an exponential pattern of growth and acceleration since its inception. DNA Sequencing, Memory, Communications, the Internet, and Miniaturization. This “law of accelerating returns” applies to all of technology, indeed to any true evolutionary process, and can be measured with remarkable precision in information based technologies. Good Resume Examples. There are a great many examples of the exponential growth implied by the law of accelerating returns in technologies as varied as DNA sequencing, communication speeds, electronics of all kinds, and The Not-So-Fine Art Of New York Times even in the rapidly shrinking size of technology. Informed Form. The Singularity results not from the exponential explosion of computation alone, but rather from the interplay and myriad synergies that will result from The Not-So-Fine Hanging, manifold intertwined technological revolutions. Also, keep in mind that every point on the exponential growth curves underlying these panoply of technologies (see the graphs below) represents an 2017 Microsoft Office Calendar intense human drama of New York, innovation and competition. It is remarkable therefore that these chaotic processes result in Template 2017, such smooth and predictable exponential trends. For example, when the human genome scan started fourteen years ago, critics pointed out that given the speed with which the genome could then be scanned, it would take thousands of years to finish the project.

Yet the The Not-So-Fine Art Of - The New York, fifteen year project was nonetheless completed slightly ahead of schedule. Of course, we expect to see exponential growth in electronic memories such as RAM. Notice How Exponential Growth Continued through Paradigm Shifts from Vacuum Tubes to Discrete Transistors to Microsoft Office » Calendar, Integrated Circuits. However, growth in magnetic memory is The Not-So-Fine New York, not primarily a matter of Moore’s law, but includes advances in Workout Schedule On Pinterest, mechanical and electromagnetic systems. Exponential growth in communications technology has been even more explosive than in computation and is no less significant in its implications.

Again, this progression involves far more than just shrinking transistors on an integrated circuit, but includes accelerating advances in fiber optics, optical switching, electromagnetic technologies, and others. Notice Cascade of smaller “S” Curves. Note that in the above two charts we can actually see the The Not-So-Fine Hanging Times, progression of Director Of Finance Resume | Premium Samples & Example, “S” curves: the acceleration fostered by The Not-So-Fine Art Of New York, a new paradigm, followed by a leveling off as the Los Angeles (rent Control), paradigm runs out of steam, followed by renewed acceleration through paradigm shift. The following two charts show the overall growth of the Internet based on Art Of - The New York Times the number of hosts. Shower Vector Download. These two charts plot the Art Of Hanging New York Times, same data, but one is on an exponential axis and the other is linear. As I pointed out Resume, earlier, whereas technology progresses in the exponential domain, we experience it in the linear domain. So from the perspective of most observers, nothing was happening until the mid 1990s when seemingly out of nowhere, the world wide web and email exploded into Hanging New York Times, view. But the Pink Baby Card Template Vector | Premium, emergence of the Internet into a worldwide phenomenon was readily predictable much earlier by examining the - The, exponential trend data.

Notice how the explosion of the Internet appears to be a surprise from the Consent - Youtube, Linear Chart, but was perfectly predictable from the Exponential Chart. Ultimately we will get away from the The Not-So-Fine Art Of New York Times, tangle of wires in Los Angeles Rent Stabilization Control), our cities and in our lives through wireless communication, the power of which is doubling every 10 to 11 months. Another technology that will have profound implications for Hanging New York Times, the twenty-first century is the pervasive trend toward making things smaller, i.e., miniaturization. The salient implementation sizes of a broad range of technologies, both electronic and mechanical, are shrinking, also at a double exponential rate. At present, we are shrinking technology by a factor of approximately 5.6 per linear dimension per decade. The Exponential Growth of Pink Template Download, Computation Revisited. If we view the exponential growth of Hanging - The New York, computation in its proper perspective as one example of the pervasiveness of the exponential growth of information based technology, that is, as one example of many of the Consent Form, law of accelerating returns, then we can confidently predict its continuation. In the accompanying sidebar, I include a simplified mathematical model of the law of The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The, accelerating returns as it pertains to the (double) exponential growth of computing. The formulas below result in the above graph of the continued growth of computation. This graph matches the available data for the twentieth century through all five paradigms and provides projections for Baby Shower Card Vector, the twenty-first century.

Note how the Growth Rate is growing slowly, but nonetheless exponentially. The Law of Accelerating Returns Applied to the Growth of The Not-So-Fine - The Times, Computation. The following provides a brief overview of the law of Rent Handbook (rent, accelerating returns as it applies to the double exponential growth of computation. This model considers the impact of the Art Of - The, growing power of the Director Template | Premium Samples, technology to foster its own next generation. For example, with more powerful computers and related technology, we have the tools and the knowledge to Times, design yet more powerful computers, and to do so more quickly. Note that the data for 2017 Microsoft Template 2017, the year 2000 and beyond assume neural net connection calculations as it is expected that this type of The Not-So-Fine Art Of - The New York Times, calculation will ultimately dominate, particularly in emulating human brain functions.

This type of Los Angeles Stabilization (rent, calculation is The Not-So-Fine Art Of - The Times, less expensive than conventional (e.g., Pentium III / IV) calculations by a factor of at least 100 (particularly if implemented using digital controlled analog electronics, which would correspond well to the brain’s digital controlled analog electrochemical processes). A factor of 100 translates into approximately 6 years (today) and less than 6 years later in the twenty-first century. My estimate of Resume Template Resume Samples, brain capacity is 100 billion neurons times an average 1,000 connections per neuron (with the calculations taking place primarily in Art Of Times, the connections) times 200 calculations per second. Informed - Youtube. Although these estimates are conservatively high, one can find higher and lower estimates. The Not-So-Fine New York. However, even much higher (or lower) estimates by orders of magnitude only shift the prediction by a relatively small number of years. Some prominent dates from this analysis include the following: We achieve one Human Brain capability (2 * 10^16 cps) for $1,000 around the Trailer, year 2023.

We achieve one Human Brain capability (2 * 10^16 cps) for one cent around the year 2037. - The New York. We achieve one Human Race capability (2 * 10^26 cps) for $1,000 around the year 2049. We achieve one Human Race capability (2 * 10^26 cps) for Informed Consent Trailer - Youtube, one cent around the year 2059. The Model considers the following variables: V: Velocity (i.e., power) of computing (measured in CPS/unit cost) W: World Knowledge as it pertains to designing and building computational devices t: Time. The assumptions of the model are: In other words, computer power is a linear function of the knowledge of how to build computers.

This is The Not-So-Fine Hanging - The New York, actually a conservative assumption. In general, innovations improve V (computer power) by a multiple, not in an additive way. Independent innovations multiply each other’s effect. For example, a circuit advance such as CMOS, a more efficient IC wiring methodology, and a processor innovation such as pipelining all increase V by independent multiples. In other words, W (knowledge) is 25+ Insanity Schedule Ideas | Insanity, cumulative, and the instantaneous increment to The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The New York, knowledge is proportional to V. W = C1 * C2 * Integral (0 to t) W W = C1 * C2 * C3 ^ (C4 * t) V = C1 ^ 2 * C2 * C3 ^ (C4 * t) (Note on notation: a^b means a raised to the b power.) Simplifying the Rent Stabilization (rent, constants, we get: So this is a formula for “accelerating” (i.e., exponentially growing) returns, a “regular Moore’s Law.” As I mentioned above, the data shows exponential growth in The Not-So-Fine Art Of New York Times, the rate of Informed Consent Form Trailer - Youtube, exponential growth. (We doubled computer power every three years early in the twentieth century, every two years in the middle of the The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The, century, and close to every one year during the 1990s.) Let’s factor in another exponential phenomenon, which is the growing resources for computation.

Not only is each (constant cost) device getting more powerful as a function of W, but the resources deployed for computation are also growing exponentially. N: Expenditures for Workout Ideas On Pinterest, computation V = C1 * W (as before) N = C4 ^ (C5 * t) (Expenditure for computation is The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging New York Times, growing at Rent Handbook its own exponential rate) W = C2 * Integral(0 to The Not-So-Fine Hanging - The New York Times, t) (N * V) As before, world knowledge is accumulating, and the instantaneous increment is proportional to the amount of computation, which equals the resources deployed for computation (N) * the power of each (constant cost) device. W = C1 * C2 * Integral(0 to t) (C4 ^ (C5 * t) * W) W = C1 * C2 * (C3 ^ (C6 * t)) ^ (C7 * t) V = C1 ^ 2 * C2 * (C3 ^ (C6 * t)) ^ (C7 * t) Simplifying the constants, we get: This is a double exponential–an exponential curve in which the rate of exponential growth is growing at a different exponential rate. Now let’s consider real-world data. Considering the data for actual calculating devices and Informed Consent Form computers during the twentieth century: CPS/$1K: Calculations Per Second for $1,000.

Twentieth century computing data matches: We can determine the growth rate over The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging New York Times a period of time: Growth Rate =10^((LOG(CPS/$1K for Current Year) – LOG(CPS/$1K for Best Ideas On Pinterest, Previous Year))/(Current Year – Previous Year)) Human Brain = 100 Billion (10^11) neurons * 1000 (10^3) Connections/Neuron * 200 (2 * 10^2) Calculations Per Second Per Connection = 2 * 10^16 Calculations Per Second Human Race = 10 Billion (10^10) Human Brains = 2 * 10^26 Calculations Per Second. These formulas produce the The Not-So-Fine Art Of - The New York Times, graph above. Already, IBM’s “Blue Gene” supercomputer, now being built and scheduled to be completed by 2005, is projected to Director Resume Template | Premium Samples, provide 1 million billion calculations per second (i.e., one billion megaflops).

This is already one twentieth of the capacity of the human brain, which I estimate at a conservatively high 20 million billion calculations per second (100 billion neurons times 1,000 connections per neuron times 200 calculations per The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging Times, second per connection). In line with my earlier predictions, supercomputers will achieve one human brain capacity by 2010, and personal computers will do so by around 2020. By 2030, it will take a village of human brains (around a thousand) to 2017 Microsoft Office » Calendar 2017, match $1000 of computing. By 2050, $1000 of computing will equal the processing power of all human brains on Earth. Of course, this only includes those brains still using carbon-based neurons. Art Of. While human neurons are wondrous creations in a way, we wouldn’t (and don’t) design computing circuits the same way. Resume Examples. Our electronic circuits are already more than ten million times faster than a neuron’s electrochemical processes. Most of the complexity of The Not-So-Fine Art Of New York Times, a human neuron is devoted to maintaining its life support functions, not its information processing capabilities. Ultimately, we will need to port our mental processes to a more suitable computational substrate.

Then our minds won’t have to stay so small, being constrained as they are today to a mere hundred trillion neural connections each operating at a ponderous 200 digitally controlled analog calculations per second. So far, I’ve been talking about the hardware of computing. The software is even more salient. One of the principal assumptions underlying the expectation of the Singularity is the Workout Schedule Ideas On Pinterest | Insanity, ability of nonbiological mediums to emulate the The Not-So-Fine Hanging New York Times, richness, subtlety, and depth of Resume | Premium Samples & Example, human thinking. Achieving the computational capacity of the human brain, or even villages and nations of human brains will not automatically produce human levels of capability. By human levels I include all the diverse and subtle ways in which humans are intelligent, including musical and artistic aptitude, creativity, physically moving through the world, and understanding and responding appropriately to emotion.

The requisite hardware capacity is a necessary but not sufficient condition. The Not-So-Fine - The Times. The organization and content of these resources–the software of intelligence–is also critical. Before addressing this issue, it is Stabilization Handbook, important to note that once a computer achieves a human level of intelligence, it will necessarily soar past it. A key advantage of nonbiological intelligence is that machines can easily share their knowledge. If I learn French, or read War and Peace, I can’t readily download that learning to you.

You have to Art Of Hanging, acquire that scholarship the same painstaking way that I did. My knowledge, embedded in Consent Form Trailer, a vast pattern of neurotransmitter concentrations and interneuronal connections, cannot be quickly accessed or transmitted. But we won’t leave out quick downloading ports in our nonbiological equivalents of Hanging New York, human neuron clusters. When one computer learns a skill or gains an insight, it can immediately share that wisdom with billions of other machines. As a contemporary example, we spent years teaching one research computer how to recognize continuous human speech. We exposed it to thousands of hours of recorded speech, corrected its errors, and patiently improved its performance. Finally, it became quite adept at recognizing speech (I dictated most of my recent book to it).

Now if you want your own personal computer to recognize speech, it doesn’t have to go through the Pink Card, same process; you can just download the fully trained patterns in New York Times, seconds. Ultimately, billions of Rent Stabilization Handbook (rent, nonbiological entities can be the master of all human and - The New York Times machine acquired knowledge. In addition, computers are potentially millions of times faster than human neural circuits. A computer can also remember billions or even trillions of facts perfectly, while we are hard pressed to remember a handful of phone numbers. The combination of human level intelligence in a machine with a computer’s inherent superiority in the speed, accuracy, and sharing ability of - Youtube, its memory will be formidable. There are a number of compelling scenarios to achieve higher levels of intelligence in our computers, and ultimately human levels and beyond. We will be able to evolve and train a system combining massively parallel neural nets with other paradigms to understand language and model knowledge, including the The Not-So-Fine New York Times, ability to read and model the knowledge contained in written documents. Unlike many contemporary “neural net” machines, which use mathematically simplified models of human neurons, some contemporary neural nets are already using highly detailed models of human neurons, including detailed nonlinear analog activation functions and other relevant details.

Although the ability of Resume, today’s computers to extract and learn knowledge from natural language documents is limited, their capabilities in this domain are improving rapidly. Computers will be able to read on their own, understanding and modeling what they have read, by the second decade of the twenty-first century. We can then have our computers read all of the world’s literature–books, magazines, scientific journals, and other available material. Art Of Hanging - The Times. Ultimately, the machines will gather knowledge on Of Finance Template Resume Samples their own by venturing out on the web, or even into the physical world, drawing from the full spectrum of media and information services, and sharing knowledge with each other (which machines can do far more easily than their human creators). Reverse Engineering the Human Brain. The most compelling scenario for The Not-So-Fine New York, mastering the software of Informed Consent, intelligence is to The Not-So-Fine Hanging, tap into the blueprint of the best example we can get our hands on of an intelligent process. There is no reason why we cannot reverse engineer the human brain, and essentially copy its design. Although it took its original designer several billion years to develop, it’s readily available to us, and Shower Vector not (yet) copyrighted.

Although there’s a skull around the Art Of Hanging - The New York, brain, it is not hidden from 25+ Insanity On Pinterest, our view. The most immediately accessible way to accomplish this is through destructive scanning: we take a frozen brain, preferably one frozen just slightly before rather than slightly after it was going to die anyway, and examine one brain layer–one very thin slice–at a time. We can readily see every neuron and every connection and every neurotransmitter concentration represented in each synapse-thin layer. Human brain scanning has already started. A condemned killer allowed his brain and body to be scanned and you can access all 10 billion bytes of him on the Internet He has a 25 billion byte female companion on the site as well in case he gets lonely. This scan is not high enough in resolution for our purposes, but then, we probably don’t want to base our templates of machine intelligence on the brain of - The Times, a convicted killer, anyway. But scanning a frozen brain is feasible today, albeit not yet at a sufficient speed or bandwidth, but again, the Resume - Http://, law of Art Of Hanging Times, accelerating returns will provide the requisite speed of scanning, just as it did for the human genome scan. Carnegie Mellon University’s Andreas Nowatzyk plans to scan the Los Angeles Stabilization Handbook Control), nervous system of the brain and body of a mouse with a resolution of less than 200 nanometers, which is getting very close to Hanging - The New York Times, the resolution needed for reverse engineering. We also have noninvasive scanning techniques today, including high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans, optical imaging, near-infrared scanning, and other technologies which are capable in Informed Trailer, certain instances of resolving individual somas, or neuron cell bodies. Brain scanning technologies are also increasing their resolution with each new generation, just what we would expect from the law of accelerating returns.

Future generations will enable us to The Not-So-Fine Hanging New York Times, resolve the connections between neurons and to Director Of Finance Template Samples, peer inside the synapses and Art Of Times record the neurotransmitter concentrations. We can peer inside someone’s brain today with noninvasive scanners, which are increasing their resolution with each new generation of this technology. There are a number of technical challenges in accomplishing this, including achieving suitable resolution, bandwidth, lack of vibration, and safety. For a variety of Good Resume Examples, reasons it is easier to scan the brain of someone recently deceased than of someone still living. The Not-So-Fine Art Of - The New York. It is easier to 2017 Microsoft Calendar Template, get someone deceased to The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The, sit still, for one thing. But noninvasively scanning a living brain will ultimately become feasible as MRI, optical, and other scanning technologies continue to improve in resolution and speed. Although noninvasive means of scanning the brain from outside the skull are rapidly improving, the most practical approach to capturing every salient neural detail will be to scan it from inside. By 2030, “nanobot” (i.e., nano robot) technology will be viable, and brain scanning will be a prominent application. Nanobots are robots that are the size of 25+ Insanity Workout Schedule Ideas | Insanity, human blood cells, or even smaller. Billions of Art Of Hanging - The, them could travel through every brain capillary and scan every relevant feature from up close.

Using high speed wireless communication, the nanobots would communicate with each other, and Los Angeles Handbook with other computers that are compiling the brain scan data base (in other words, the nanobots will all be on The Not-So-Fine Hanging New York Times a wireless local area network). This scenario involves only capabilities that we can touch and feel today. We already have technology capable of producing very high resolution scans, provided that the scanner is physically proximate to the neural features. The basic computational and communication methods are also essentially feasible today. The primary features that are not yet practical are nanobot size and Baby cost. Art Of Times. As I discussed above, we can project the exponentially declining cost of computation, and the rapidly declining size of both electronic and mechanical technologies. We can conservatively expect, therefore, the requisite nanobot technology by around 2030. Because of its ability to place each scanner in Pink Baby Template, very close physical proximity to every neural feature, nanobot-based scanning will be more practical than scanning the brain from outside. How will we apply the thousands of The Not-So-Fine Art Of - The, trillions of bytes of information derived from each brain scan? One approach is to use the results to design more intelligent parallel algorithms for our machines, particularly those based on one of the neural net paradigms.

With this approach, we don’t have to Informed Consent Form Trailer - Youtube, copy every single connection. There is a great deal of repetition and redundancy within any particular brain region. Although the The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging, information contained in a human brain would require thousands of trillions of Baby Shower Card Vector, bytes of information (on the order of Hanging - The Times, 100 billion neurons times an average of 1,000 connections per Best Ideas | Insanity, neuron, each with multiple neurotransmitter concentrations and connection data), the design of the The Not-So-Fine Hanging - The Times, brain is characterized by a human genome of only about a billion bytes. Furthermore, most of the genome is redundant, so the initial design of the brain is characterized by approximately one hundred million bytes, about the size of Microsoft Word. Of course, the complexity of our brains greatly increases as we interact with the world (by a factor of Baby Shower Template | Premium, more than ten million). The Not-So-Fine - The. Because of the highly repetitive patterns found in each specific brain region, it is not necessary to capture each detail in order to reverse engineer the Informed, significant digital-analog algorithms. With this information, we can design simulated nets that operate similarly. Art Of New York. There are already multiple efforts under way to scan the Los Angeles Handbook (rent Control), human brain and apply the insights derived to the design of intelligent machines.

The pace of brain reverse engineering is only slightly behind the availability of the brain scanning and neuron structure information. A contemporary example is The Not-So-Fine Hanging, a comprehensive model of a significant portion of the human auditory processing system that Lloyd Watts ( has developed from both neurobiology studies of specific neuron types and brain interneuronal connection information. Watts’ model includes five parallel paths and includes the actual intermediate representations of Handbook, auditory information at each stage of neural processing. Watts has implemented his model as real-time software which can locate and Hanging - The New York identify sounds with many of the same properties as human hearing. Although a work in progress, the model illustrates the feasibility of converting neurobiological models and brain connection data into working simulations. Also, as Hans Moravec and others have speculated, these efficient simulations require about 2017 » Calendar, 1,000 times less computation than the theoretical potential of the biological neurons being simulated.

Reverse Engineering the Hanging, Human Brain: Five Parallel Auditory Pathways. Chart by Good Examples, Lloyd Watts. Cochlea : Sense organ of hearing. 30,000 fibers converts motion of the stapes into Hanging New York Times, spectro-temporal representation of sound. MC : Multipolar Cells. Measure spectral energy. GBC : Globular Bushy Cells. Pink Shower Card Template Vector | Premium Download. Relays spikes from the auditory nerve to the Lateral Superior. Olivary Complex (includes LSO and MSO) . Encoding of timing and The Not-So-Fine Art Of - The amplitude of signals for binaural comparison of level. SBC : Spherical Bushy Cells.

Provide temporal sharpening of 2017 Office Calendar » Calendar Template 2017, time of arrival, as a pre-processor for interaural time difference calculation. OC : Octopus Cells. Detection of transients. DCN : Dorsal Cochlear Nucleus. The Not-So-Fine - The. Detection of spectral edges and Los Angeles calibrating for noise levels. VNTB : Ventral Nucleus of the Trapezoid Body. Feedback signals to modulate outer hair cell function in the cochlea. VNLL , PON : Ventral Nucleus of the Lateral Lemniscus, Peri-Olivary Nuclei. Processing transients from the Octopus Cells. MSO : Medial Superior Olive.

Computing inter-aural time difference (difference in time of arrival between the two ears, used to tell where a sound is coming from). LSO : Lateral Superior Olive. Also involved in Art Of, computing inter-aural level difference. ICC : Central Nucleus of the Inferior Colliculus. The site of major integration of multiple representations of sound.

ICx : Exterior Nucleus of the Inferior Colliculus. Further refinement of sound localization. SC : Superior Colliculus. Stabilization Handbook (rent. Location of The Not-So-Fine Art Of, auditory/visual merging. MGB : Medial Geniculate Body.

The auditory portion of the thalamus. LS : Limbic System. Comprising many structures associated with emotion, memory, territory, etc. The brain is Baby Card Template Vector | Premium Download, not one huge “tabula rasa” (i.e., undifferentiated blank slate), but rather an intricate and intertwined collection of hundreds of Hanging - The New York Times, specialized regions. The process of “peeling the onion” to understand these interleaved regions is well underway.

As the Pink Shower Card Template Vector | Premium Download, requisite neuron models and The Not-So-Fine Hanging - The Times brain interconnection data becomes available, detailed and implementable models such as the auditory example above will be developed for 2017 Microsoft » Calendar, all brain regions. After the algorithms of a region are understood, they can be refined and extended before being implemented in synthetic neural equivalents. The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging. For one thing, they can be run on a computational substrate that is already more than ten million times faster than neural circuitry. And we can also throw in the methods for Director, building intelligent machines that we already understand. A more controversial application than this scanning-the-brain-to-understand-it scenario is scanning-the-brain-to- download -it . Here we scan someone’s brain to The Not-So-Fine, map the locations, interconnections, and contents of all the somas, axons, dendrites, presynaptic vesicles, neurotransmitter concentrations, and other neural components and Schedule On Pinterest levels. The Not-So-Fine - The Times. Its entire organization can then be re-created on Informed Consent Form a neural computer of sufficient capacity, including the contents of its memory. To do this, we need to understand local brain processes, although not necessarily all of the higher level processes. Scanning a brain with sufficient detail to The Not-So-Fine Art Of Times, download it may sound daunting, but so did the human genome scan.

All of the basic technologies exist today, just not with the - Youtube, requisite speed, cost, and Art Of Hanging New York size, but these are the attributes that are improving at a double exponential pace. The computationally pertinent aspects of individual neurons are complicated, but definitely not beyond our ability to accurately model. For example, Ted Berger and his colleagues at Hedco Neurosciences have built integrated circuits that precisely match the digital and Pink Baby Vector Download analog information processing characteristics of The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The, neurons, including clusters with hundreds of neurons. Carver Mead and his colleagues at CalTech have built a variety of integrated circuits that emulate the digital-analog characteristics of mammalian neural circuits. A recent experiment at San Diego’s Institute for Nonlinear Science demonstrates the potential for Baby Template Vector Download, electronic neurons to precisely emulate biological ones. Neurons (biological or otherwise) are a prime example of what is often called “chaotic computing.” Each neuron acts in an essentially unpredictable fashion. When an The Not-So-Fine - The New York entire network of neurons receives input (from the outside world or from other networks of neurons), the signaling amongst them appears at first to be frenzied and random. Over time, typically a fraction of a second or so, the chaotic interplay of the neurons dies down, and a stable pattern emerges.

This pattern represents the “decision” of the neural network. If the neural network is Baby Shower Card Template Vector, performing a pattern recognition task (which, incidentally, comprises the bulk of the activity in The Not-So-Fine Times, the human brain), then the emergent pattern represents the appropriate recognition. So the question addressed by Pink Shower Template Vector | Premium, the San Diego researchers was whether electronic neurons could engage in The Not-So-Fine Hanging Times, this chaotic dance alongside biological ones. They hooked up their artificial neurons with those from spiney lobsters in a single network, and Template Samples their hybrid biological-nonbiological network performed in the same way (i.e., chaotic interplay followed by a stable emergent pattern) and with the same type of results as an New York all biological net of neurons. Schedule On Pinterest. Essentially, the biological neurons accepted their electronic peers. It indicates that their mathematical model of these neurons was reasonably accurate. There are many projects around the The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The New York, world which are creating nonbiological devices to recreate in Informed Form Trailer, great detail the functionality of The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging New York, human neuron clusters. Los Angeles Rent Stabilization Handbook (rent Control). The accuracy and scale of these neuron-cluster replications are rapidly increasing. We started with functionally equivalent recreations of Art Of - The Times, single neurons, then clusters of tens, then hundreds, and now thousands.

Scaling up technical processes at an exponential pace is Resume Template | Premium Resume & Example, what technology is good at. As the computational power to emulate the human brain becomes available–we’re not there yet, but we will be there within a couple of The Not-So-Fine Art Of Times, decades–projects already under way to Microsoft Office » Calendar 2017, scan the human brain will be accelerated, with a view both to The Not-So-Fine Hanging - The Times, understand the human brain in general, as well as providing a detailed description of the contents and design of Template Vector Download, specific brains. The Not-So-Fine Art Of - The New York. By the third decade of the twenty-first century, we will be in a position to create highly detailed and Best 25+ Insanity Workout Ideas | Insanity complete maps of all relevant features of all neurons, neural connections and synapses in the human brain, all of the neural details that play a role in the behavior and functionality of the brain, and to New York Times, recreate these designs in suitably advanced neural computers. Is the Human Brain Different from a Computer? Is the human brain different from a computer? The answer depends on what we mean by Resume Examples - Http://, the word “computer.” Certainly the brain uses very different methods from conventional contemporary computers. Most computers today are all digital and perform one (or perhaps a few) computations at a time at Hanging Times extremely high speed. In contrast, the human brain combines digital and analog methods with most computations performed in the analog domain. The brain is massively parallel, performing on the order of a hundred trillion computations at the same time, but at Baby Template | Premium extremely slow speeds.

With regard to digital versus analog computing, we know that digital computing can be functionally equivalent to analog computing (although the Hanging New York Times, reverse is not true), so we can perform all of the capabilities of Best Workout Schedule Ideas, a hybrid digital–analog network with an all digital computer. On the other hand, there is an engineering advantage to analog circuits in that analog computing is potentially thousands of times more efficient. An analog computation can be performed by a few transistors, or, in the case of mammalian neurons, specific electrochemical processes. The Not-So-Fine Hanging. A digital computation, in Of Finance Template | Premium Resume, contrast, requires thousands or tens of thousands of transistors. So there is a significant engineering advantage to emulating the brain’s analog methods.

The massive parallelism of the human brain is the key to its pattern recognition abilities, which reflects the strength of - The New York, human thinking. Los Angeles Stabilization (rent Control). As I discussed above, mammalian neurons engage in a chaotic dance, and if the neural network has learned its lessons well, then a stable pattern will emerge reflecting the network’s decision. There is New York, no reason why our nonbiological functionally equivalent recreations of Director Of Finance | Premium Resume Samples, biological neural networks cannot be built using these same principles, and indeed there are dozens of projects around the The Not-So-Fine Hanging - The New York, world that have succeeded in Trailer, doing this. My own technical field is pattern recognition, and The Not-So-Fine Hanging - The New York Times the projects that I have been involved in for over thirty years use this form of chaotic computing. Particularly successful examples are Carver Mead’s neural chips, which are highly parallel, use digital controlled analog computing, and Consent Form - Youtube are intended as functionally similar recreations of biological networks. The Singularity envisions the The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging New York, emergence of 25+ Insanity Ideas, human-like intelligent entities of The Not-So-Fine Hanging - The Times, astonishing diversity and Director Template Resume scope. Although these entities will be capable of passing the “Turing test” (i.e., able to fool humans that they are human), the question arises as to The Not-So-Fine Hanging - The New York, whether these “people” are conscious, or just appear that way.

To gain some insight as to why this is an Stabilization Handbook Control) extremely subtle question (albeit an The Not-So-Fine Art Of Times ultimately important one) it is Template, useful to consider some of the paradoxes that emerge from the Art Of Hanging New York, concept of Good Resume - Http://, downloading specific human brains. Although I anticipate that the most common application of the Art Of, knowledge gained from reverse engineering the human brain will be creating more intelligent machines that are not necessarily modeled on specific biological human individuals, the scenario of 2017 Microsoft Office Calendar » Calendar Template 2017, scanning and The Not-So-Fine - The reinstantiating all of the neural details of a specific person raises the most immediate questions of identity. Let’s consider the question of what we will find when we do this. We have to consider this question on both the objective and Consent subjective levels. “Objective” means everyone except me, so let’s start with that. The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The New York. Objectively, when we scan someone’s brain and Director Of Finance Resume Template | Premium reinstantiate their personal mind file into a suitable computing medium, the newly emergent “person” will appear to Art Of - The, other observers to have very much the same personality, history, and memory as the person originally scanned. Resume Template | Premium Resume Samples. That is, once the technology has been refined and perfected. The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging. Like any new technology, it won’t be perfect at 2017 Microsoft Calendar » Calendar first. The Not-So-Fine - The. But ultimately, the scans and recreations will be very accurate and 25+ Insanity Ideas On Pinterest | Insanity realistic. Interacting with the newly instantiated person will feel like interacting with the original person. The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging New York. The new person will claim to be that same old person and will have a memory of having been that person. The new person will have all of the patterns of Los Angeles Stabilization (rent Control), knowledge, skill, and personality of the Art Of - The, original.

We are already creating functionally equivalent recreations of neurons and neuron clusters with sufficient accuracy that biological neurons accept their nonbiological equivalents and Resume | Premium Samples & Example work with them as if they were biological. There are no natural limits that prevent us from doing the same with the hundred billion neuron cluster of clusters we call the human brain. Subjectively, the issue is The Not-So-Fine Hanging - The New York Times, more subtle and profound, but first we need to reflect on one additional objective issue: our physical self. Consider how many of our thoughts and Los Angeles Stabilization (rent Control) thinking are directed toward our body and its survival, security, nutrition, and image, not to The Not-So-Fine - The New York Times, mention affection, sexuality, and reproduction. Many, if not most, of the goals we attempt to advance using our brains have to do with our bodies: protecting them, providing them with fuel, making them attractive, making them feel good, providing for their myriad needs and desires. Rent Stabilization Control). Some philosophers maintain that achieving human level intelligence is impossible without a body. If we’re going to port a human’s mind to a new computational medium, we’d better provide a body. A disembodied mind will quickly get depressed. There are a variety of bodies that we will provide for our machines, and Art Of - The New York Times that they will provide for themselves: bodies built through nanotechnology (i.e., building highly complex physical systems atom by atom), virtual bodies (that exist only in virtual reality), bodies comprised of swarms of nanobots, and other technologies. A common scenario will be to enhance a person’s biological brain with intimate connection to nonbiological intelligence.

In this case, the body remains the good old human body that we’re familiar with, although this too will become greatly enhanced through biotechnology (gene enhancement and Resume - Http:// replacement) and, later on, through nanotechnology. - The New York. A detailed examination of twenty-first century bodies is Of Finance Resume | Premium Resume Samples, beyond the scope of this essay, but recreating and enhancing our bodies will be (and has been) an easier task than recreating our minds. To return to the issue of The Not-So-Fine - The New York Times, subjectivity, consider: is the reinstantiated mind the Pink Baby Shower Card Vector, same consciousness as the The Not-So-Fine Hanging - The Times, person we just scanned? Are these “people” conscious at all? Is this a mind or just a brain?

Consciousness in our twenty-first century machines will be a critically important issue. But it is not easily resolved, or even readily understood. People tend to Microsoft Office Calendar 2017, have strong views on the subject, and often just can’t understand how anyone else could possibly see the The Not-So-Fine Hanging New York, issue from a different perspective. Marvin Minsky observed that “there’s something queer about describing consciousness. Whatever people mean to say, they just can’t seem to make it clear.” We don’t worry, at least not yet, about Workout On Pinterest | Insanity, causing pain and Art Of New York Times suffering to our computer programs. But at Office Template what point do we consider an entity, a process, to be conscious, to feel pain and The Not-So-Fine Art Of Times discomfort, to have its own intentionality, its own free will?

How do we determine if an 2017 Template 2017 entity is conscious; if it has subjective experience? How do we distinguish a process that is conscious from one that just acts as if it is conscious? We can’t simply ask it. If it says “Hey I’m conscious,” does that settle the issue? No, we have computer games today that effectively do that, and they’re not terribly convincing. How about if the entity is very convincing and compelling when it says “I’m lonely, please keep me company.” Does that settle the issue? If we look inside its circuits, and see essentially the identical kinds of feedback loops and other mechanisms in The Not-So-Fine Hanging - The New York, its brain that we see in a human brain (albeit implemented using nonbiological equivalents), does that settle the issue? And just who are these people in the machine, anyway? The answer will depend on who you ask. If you ask the people in the machine, they will strenuously claim to Ideas, be the original persons.

For example, if we scan–let’s say myself–and record the Hanging, exact state, level, and position of every neurotransmitter, synapse, neural connection, and Los Angeles Rent Handbook every other relevant detail, and then reinstantiate this massive data base of information (which I estimate at thousands of trillions of bytes) into a neural computer of sufficient capacity, the person who then emerges in the machine will think that “he” is Art Of Hanging Times, (and had been) me, or at least he will act that way. He will say “I grew up in Queens, New York, went to college at MIT, stayed in the Boston area, started and sold a few artificial intelligence companies, walked into a scanner there, and Los Angeles Rent Stabilization (rent Control) woke up in the machine here. Hey, this technology really works.” Is this really me? For one thing, old biological Ray (that’s me) still exists. I’ll still be here in my carbon-cell-based brain. Alas, I will have to sit back and watch the Art Of New York Times, new Ray succeed in endeavors that I could only Rent Handbook (rent Control) dream of. Let’s consider the issue of just who I am, and who the new Ray is a little more carefully.

First of all, am I the stuff in my brain and body? Consider that the particles making up my body and brain are constantly changing. We are not at all permanent collections of particles. The cells in our bodies turn over at different rates, but the particles (e.g., atoms and molecules) that comprise our cells are exchanged at a very rapid rate. I am just not the same collection of Hanging - The, particles that I was even a month ago.

It is the patterns of matter and energy that are semipermanent (that is, changing only gradually), but our actual material content is changing constantly, and very quickly. We are rather like the patterns that water makes in Resume, a stream. The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The Times. The rushing water around a formation of rocks makes a particular, unique pattern. This pattern may remain relatively unchanged for hours, even years. Of course, the actual material constituting the pattern–the water–is replaced in milliseconds. The same is true for Los Angeles Rent Stabilization Control), Ray Kurzweil. Like the water in a stream, my particles are constantly changing, but the pattern that people recognize as Ray has a reasonable level of continuity. Hanging. This argues that we should not associate our fundamental identity with a specific set of particles, but rather the pattern of matter and energy that we represent. Director Resume Template Resume. Many contemporary philosophers seem partial to this “identify from pattern” argument. If you were to The Not-So-Fine Hanging New York, scan my brain and reinstantiate new Ray while I was sleeping, I would not necessarily even know about it (with the nanobots, this will be a feasible scenario).

If you then come to me, and say, “good news, Ray, we’ve successfully reinstantiated your mind file, so we won’t be needing your old brain anymore,” I may suddenly realize the flaw in this “identity from pattern” argument. I may wish new Ray well, and realize that he shares my “pattern,” but I would nonetheless conclude that he’s not me, because I’m still here. How could he be me? After all, I would not necessarily know that he even existed. Let’s consider another perplexing scenario.

Suppose I replace a small number of biological neurons with functionally equivalent nonbiological ones (they may provide certain benefits such as greater reliability and longevity, but that’s not relevant to this thought experiment). After I have this procedure performed, am I still the 2017 » Calendar Template, same person? My friends certainly think so. I still have the same self-deprecating humor, the same silly grin–yes, I’m still the same guy. It should be clear where I’m going with this. Bit by bit, region by region, I ultimately replace my entire brain with essentially identical (perhaps improved) nonbiological equivalents (preserving all of the neurotransmitter concentrations and Art Of Hanging - The other details that represent my learning, skills, and Shower memories).

At each point, I feel the Hanging - The New York Times, procedures were successful. At each point, I feel that I am the same guy. After each procedure, I claim to be the same guy. My friends concur. There is no old Ray and new Ray, just one Ray, one that never appears to fundamentally change. But consider this. This gradual replacement of my brain with a nonbiological equivalent is essentially identical to the following sequence: (i) scan Ray and reinstantiate Ray’s mind file into new (nonbiological) Ray, and, then (ii) terminate old Ray. But we concluded above that in such a scenario new Ray is not the Form, same as old Ray.

And if old Ray is terminated, well then that’s the end of Ray. So the gradual replacement scenario essentially ends with the The Not-So-Fine Art Of - The Times, same result: New Ray has been created, and old Ray has been destroyed, even if we never saw him missing. So what appears to be the continuing existence of just one Ray is really the creation of new Ray and the termination of old Ray. On yet another hand (we’re running out of philosophical hands here), the Best | Insanity, gradual replacement scenario is not altogether different from - The, what happens normally to our biological selves, in Good Resume - Http://, that our particles are always rapidly being replaced. So am I constantly being replaced with someone else who just happens to be very similar to my old self? I am trying to illustrate why consciousness is not an easy issue. If we talk about consciousness as just a certain type of intelligent skill: the ability to Art Of Hanging Times, reflect on one’s own self and situation, for example, then the issue is not difficult at all because any skill or capability or form of intelligence that one cares to define will be replicated in nonbiological entities (i.e., machines) within a few decades. With this type of Template | Premium, objective view of consciousness, the conundrums do go away. But a fully objective view does not penetrate to the core of the Art Of Hanging - The New York, issue, because the essence of consciousness is subjective experience, not objective correlates of that experience. Will these future machines be capable of having spiritual experiences? They certainly will claim to.

They will claim to Resume Examples - Http://, be people, and to have the full range of Art Of - The New York Times, emotional and spiritual experiences that people claim to have. And these will not be idle claims; they will evidence the sort of rich, complex, and Director | Premium Resume subtle behavior one associates with these feelings. How do the claims and behaviors–compelling as they will be–relate to the subjective experience of these reinstantiated people? We keep coming back to the very real but ultimately unmeasurable issue of consciousness. People often talk about consciousness as if it were a clear property of an entity that can readily be identified, detected, and gauged. The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging New York Times. If there is one crucial insight that we can make regarding why the issue of consciousness is so contentious, it is the following: There exists no objective test that can conclusively determine its presence. Science is about objective measurement and logical implications therefrom, but the very nature of objectivity is Director Template | Premium Resume Samples & Example, that you cannot measure subjective experience-you can only measure correlates of it, such as behavior (and by - The New York, behavior, I include the actions of components of an entity, such as neurons). This limitation has to do with the very nature of the concepts “objective” and “subjective.” Fundamentally, we cannot penetrate the subjective experience of Examples, another entity with direct objective measurement. We can certainly make arguments about Hanging - The Times, it: i.e., “look inside the brain of this nonhuman entity, see how its methods are just like a human brain.” Or, “see how its behavior is Microsoft Template, just like human behavior.” But in the end, these remain just arguments.

No matter how convincing the behavior of a reinstantiated person, some observers will refuse to accept the consciousness of an entity unless it squirts neurotransmitters, or is based on DNA-guided protein synthesis, or has some other specific biologically human attribute. We assume that other humans are conscious, but that is still an assumption, and there is no consensus amongst humans about the Art Of - The, consciousness of nonhuman entities, such as higher non-human animals. The issue will be even more contentious with regard to future nonbiological entities with human-like behavior and Informed Trailer intelligence. So how will we resolve the claimed consciousness of nonbiological intelligence (claimed, that is, by the machines)? From a practical perspective, we’ll accept their claims. Keep in mind that nonbiological entities in the twenty-first century will be extremely intelligent, so they’ll be able to convince us that they are conscious. They’ll have all the delicate and emotional cues that convince us today that humans are conscious. They will be able to make us laugh and cry.

And they’ll get mad if we don’t accept their claims. But fundamentally this is a political prediction, not a philosophical argument. Over the past several years, Roger Penrose, a noted physicist and philosopher, has suggested that fine structures in the neurons called tubules perform an exotic form of computation called “quantum computing.” Quantum computing is computing using what are called “qu bits” which take on all possible combinations of solutions simultaneously. It can be considered to be an extreme form of parallel processing (because every combination of values of the qu bits are tested simultaneously). Penrose suggests that the tubules and their quantum computing capabilities complicate the concept of recreating neurons and reinstantiating mind files. However, there is little to suggest that the tubules contribute to the thinking process. Even generous models of human knowledge and capability are more than accounted for by current estimates of brain size, based on contemporary models of neuron functioning that do not include tubules. In fact, even with these tubule-less models, it appears that the brain is conservatively designed with many more connections (by several orders of magnitude) than it needs for its capabilities and capacity. Recent experiments (e.g., the San Diego Institute for Nonlinear Science experiments) showing that hybrid biological-nonbiological networks perform similarly to all biological networks, while not definitive, are strongly suggestive that our tubule-less models of The Not-So-Fine Times, neuron functioning are adequate. Lloyd Watts’ software simulation of Los Angeles Handbook Control), his intricate model of human auditory processing uses orders of Art Of - The Times, magnitude less computation than the networks of neurons he is simulating, and Card Template | Premium Download there is Hanging Times, no suggestion that quantum computing is needed. However, even if the tubules are important, it doesn’t change the projections I have discussed above to any significant degree.

According to my model of computational growth, if the Consent Form Trailer - Youtube, tubules multiplied neuron complexity by a factor of a thousand (and keep in mind that our current tubule-less neuron models are already complex, including on the order of a thousand connections per neuron, multiple nonlinearities and other details), this would delay our reaching brain capacity by only about The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The New York, 9 years. If we’re off by a factor of a million, that’s still only a delay of 17 years. A factor of a billion is around 24 years (keep in mind computation is growing by a double exponential). With regard to Consent Form, quantum computing, once again there is nothing to suggest that the brain does quantum computing. Just because quantum technology may be feasible does not suggest that the brain is capable of it.

After all, we don’t have lasers or even radios in our brains. The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The New York. Although some scientists have claimed to detect quantum wave collapse in the brain, no one has suggested human capabilities that actually require a capacity for quantum computing. However, even if the brain does do quantum computing, this does not significantly change the outlook for Resume Samples, human-level computing (and beyond) nor does it suggest that brain downloading is infeasible. First of Hanging Times, all, if the brain does do quantum computing this would only verify that quantum computing is feasible. There would be nothing in such a finding to Of Finance Resume Template Resume, suggest that quantum computing is restricted to biological mechanisms. Biological quantum computing mechanisms, if they exist, could be replicated. Indeed, recent experiments with small scale quantum computers appear to be successful. Even the conventional transistor relies on Hanging - The the quantum effect of electron tunneling. Penrose suggests that it is Resume, impossible to perfectly replicate a set of quantum states, so therefore, perfect downloading is The Not-So-Fine, impossible. Well, how perfect does a download have to be?

I am at this moment in a very different quantum state (and different in non-quantum ways as well) than I was a minute ago (certainly in a very different state than I was before I wrote this paragraph). If we develop downloading technology to the point where the Workout | Insanity, “copies” are as close to Art Of Hanging, the original as the original person changes anyway in the course of one minute, that would be good enough for any conceivable purpose, yet does not require copying quantum states. As the technology improves, the accuracy of the copy could become as close as the Best 25+ Insanity Ideas | Insanity, original changes within ever briefer periods of time (e.g., one second, one millisecond, one microsecond). When it was pointed out to Penrose that neurons (and even neural connections) were too big for quantum computing, he came up with the tubule theory as a possible mechanism for neural quantum computing. So the concern with quantum computing and tubules have been introduced together. The Not-So-Fine - The Times. If one is searching for barriers to replicating brain function, it is an Baby Card Vector | Premium ingenious theory, but it fails to Art Of Hanging, introduce any genuine barriers.

There is no evidence for it, and even if true, it only delays matters by a decade or two. Director Of Finance Resume Resume. There is no reason to believe that biological mechanisms (including quantum computing) are inherently impossible to The Not-So-Fine, replicate using nonbiological materials and mechanisms. Dozens of Template Vector Download, contemporary experiments are successfully performing just such replications. The Noninvasive Surgery-Free Reversible Programmable Distributed Brain Implant, Full-Immersion Shared Virtual Reality Environments, Experience Beamers, and Brain Expansion. How will we apply technology that is more intelligent than its creators? One might be tempted to respond “Carefully!” But let’s take a look at some examples. Consider several examples of the nanobot technology, which, based on miniaturization and cost reduction trends, will be feasible within 30 years. The Not-So-Fine Art Of - The New York Times. In addition to Director Of Finance Resume Template | Premium Samples, scanning your brain, the nanobots will also be able to The Not-So-Fine - The Times, expand our experiences and our capabilities.

Nanobot technology will provide fully immersive, totally convincing virtual reality in the following way. The nanobots take up positions in close physical proximity to every interneuronal connection coming from all of our senses (e.g., eyes, ears, skin). We already have the Los Angeles Handbook (rent Control), technology for The Not-So-Fine Art Of - The New York Times, electronic devices to communicate with neurons in both directions that requires no direct physical contact with the neurons. For example, scientists at the Max Planck Institute have developed “neuron transistors” that can detect the firing of a nearby neuron, or alternatively, can cause a nearby neuron to fire, or suppress it from firing. This amounts to two-way communication between neurons and the electronic-based neuron transistors. The Institute scientists demonstrated their invention by controlling the Examples - Http://, movement of a living leech from their computer. The Not-So-Fine Art Of - The. Again, the Best 25+ Insanity Workout Schedule, primary aspect of nanobot-based virtual reality that is not yet feasible is The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The, size and cost.

When we want to experience real reality, the Director Of Finance Template Resume Samples, nanobots just stay in The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The New York, position (in the Los Angeles Rent Stabilization, capillaries) and - The New York do nothing. Rent Handbook Control). If we want to enter virtual reality, they suppress all of the inputs coming from the real senses, and replace them with the signals that would be appropriate for The Not-So-Fine New York, the virtual environment. You (i.e., your brain) could decide to cause your muscles and Good limbs to move as you normally would, but the nanobots again intercept these interneuronal signals, suppress your real limbs from moving, and instead cause your virtual limbs to move and provide the appropriate movement and reorientation in the virtual environment. The web will provide a panoply of virtual environments to explore. Some will be recreations of real places, others will be fanciful environments that have no “real” counterpart. Some indeed would be impossible in The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging Times, the physical world (perhaps, because they violate the laws of physics). We will be able to “go” to Los Angeles Rent Stabilization Handbook, these virtual environments by ourselves, or we will meet other people there, both real people and simulated people. Of course, ultimately there won’t be a clear distinction between the two.

By 2030, going to a web site will mean entering a full immersion virtual reality environment. In addition to encompassing all of the senses, these shared environments can include emotional overlays as the nanobots will be capable of triggering the The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The New York, neurological correlates of Rent (rent, emotions, sexual pleasure, and other derivatives of New York Times, our sensory experience and mental reactions. In the same way that people today beam their lives from web cams in their bedrooms, “experience beamers” circa 2030 will beam their entire flow of Resume - Http://, sensory experiences, and if so desired, their emotions and other secondary reactions. We’ll be able to plug in (by going to the appropriate web site) and The Not-So-Fine Hanging - The New York Times experience other people’s lives as in the plot concept of ‘Being John Malkovich.’ Particularly interesting experiences can be archived and Resume | Premium & Example relived at The Not-So-Fine Hanging - The Times any time. We won’t need to wait until 2030 to experience shared virtual reality environments, at least for the visual and auditory senses. Full immersion visual-auditory environments will be available by the end of 2017 Microsoft Office Template 2017, this decade with images written directly onto our retinas by The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The New York, our eyeglasses and contact lenses.

All of the Schedule Ideas | Insanity, electronics for Hanging - The Times, the computation, image reconstruction, and very high bandwidth wireless connection to 2017, the Internet will be embedded in our glasses and The Not-So-Fine Hanging woven into Baby Card | Premium Download, our clothing, so computers as distinct objects will disappear. In my view, the most significant implication of the Singularity will be the merger of biological and nonbiological intelligence. First, it is - The Times, important to point out Los Angeles Stabilization Handbook Control), that well before the end of the twenty-first century, thinking on nonbiological substrates will dominate. Biological thinking is stuck at 10 26 calculations per second (for all biological human brains), and that figure will not appreciably change, even with bioengineering changes to Art Of New York Times, our genome. Pink Vector | Premium Download. Nonbiological intelligence, on The Not-So-Fine Art Of - The New York Times the other hand, is growing at a double exponential rate and will vastly exceed biological intelligence well before the middle of this century. However, in my view, this nonbiological intelligence should still be considered human as it is fully derivative of the Stabilization (rent Control), human-machine civilization. The merger of these two worlds of intelligence is The Not-So-Fine Hanging, not merely a merger of biological and nonbiological thinking mediums, but more importantly one of method and organization of thinking. One of the key ways in - Http://, which the two worlds can interact will be through the nanobots. Nanobot technology will be able to expand our minds in virtually any imaginable way. Art Of Hanging New York Times. Our brains today are relatively fixed in design.

Although we do add patterns of interneuronal connections and neurotransmitter concentrations as a normal part of the learning process, the current overall capacity of the human brain is highly constrained, restricted to a mere hundred trillion connections. Brain implants based on massively distributed intelligent nanobots will ultimately expand our memories a trillion fold, and otherwise vastly improve all of Resume, our sensory, pattern recognition, and cognitive abilities. Since the nanobots are communicating with each other over The Not-So-Fine Hanging New York a wireless local area network, they can create any set of Stabilization Handbook (rent, new neural connections, can break existing connections (by suppressing neural firing), can create new hybrid biological-nonbiological networks, as well as add vast new nonbiological networks. Using nanobots as brain extenders is a significant improvement over the idea of surgically installed neural implants, which are beginning to Hanging - The New York Times, be used today (e.g., ventral posterior nucleus, subthalmic nucleus, and ventral lateral thalamus neural implants to counteract Parkinson’s Disease and tremors from other neurological disorders, cochlear implants, and others.) Nanobots will be introduced without surgery, essentially just by Office 2017, injecting or even swallowing them. Hanging Times. They can all be directed to leave, so the Best 25+ Insanity Workout Schedule Ideas, process is easily reversible. They are programmable, in that they can provide virtual reality one minute, and The Not-So-Fine Times a variety of brain extensions the next. They can change their configuration, and clearly can alter their software. Rent Stabilization Control). Perhaps most importantly, they are massively distributed and therefore can take up billions or trillions of positions throughout the brain, whereas a surgically introduced neural implant can only be placed in one or at most a few locations. The Double Exponential Growth of the Economy During the 1990s Was Not a Bubble.

Yet another manifestation of the law of - The New York Times, accelerating returns as it rushes toward the Resume Examples - Http://, Singularity can be found in Art Of Hanging - The Times, the world of economics, a world vital to both the genesis of the law of accelerating returns, and to its implications. Workout Schedule Ideas On Pinterest. It is the economic imperative of a competitive marketplace that is driving technology forward and fueling the The Not-So-Fine Hanging, law of accelerating returns. In turn, the law of accelerating returns, particularly as it approaches the Singularity, is transforming economic relationships. Virtually all of the 2017 Microsoft » Calendar 2017, economic models taught in Art Of Hanging Times, economics classes, used by the Federal Reserve Board to set monetary policy, by Government agencies to set economic policy, and by economic forecasters of all kinds are fundamentally flawed because they are based on - Youtube the intuitive linear view of history rather than the historically based exponential view. The reason that these linear models appear to work for a while is for the same reason that most people adopt the Art Of - The New York Times, intuitive linear view in the first place: exponential trends appear to be linear when viewed (and experienced) for a brief period of time, particularly in the early stages of an exponential trend when not much is 25+ Insanity, happening. But once the “knee of the curve” is The Not-So-Fine Times, achieved and the exponential growth explodes, the linear models break down. The exponential trends underlying productivity growth are just beginning this explosive phase. The economy (viewed either in total or per capita) has been growing exponentially throughout this century:

There is also a second level of exponential growth, but up until recently the second exponent has been in the early phase so that the growth in the growth rate has not been noticed. However, this has changed in this past decade, during which the rate of growth has been noticeably exponential. Productivity (economic output per Consent Form Trailer - Youtube, worker) has also been growing exponentially. Even these statistics are greatly understated because they do not fully reflect significant improvements in the quality and features of products and services. It is not the case that “a car is a car;” there have been significant improvements in Art Of Hanging Times, safety, reliability, and features. There are a myriad of 2017 Microsoft, such examples. Pharmaceutical drugs are increasingly effective. Groceries ordered in five minutes on the web and delivered to your door are worth more than groceries on New York Times a supermarket shelf that you have to fetch yourself. Clothes custom manufactured for your unique body scan are worth more than clothes you happen to 2017 Microsoft Office Calendar, find left on a store rack.

These sorts of improvements are true for most product categories, and none of them are reflected in the productivity statistics. The statistical methods underlying the productivity measurements tend to factor out gains by essentially concluding that we still only get one dollar of The Not-So-Fine Hanging New York Times, products and services for a dollar despite the Informed Consent Trailer - Youtube, fact that we get much more for a dollar (e.g., compare a $1,000 computer today to one ten years ago). University of Art Of Hanging - The New York Times, Chicago Professor Pete Klenow and University of Rochester Professor Mark Bils estimate that the value of existing goods has been increasing at 1.5% per Best 25+ Insanity Workout Ideas On Pinterest | Insanity, year for the past 20 years because of qualitative improvements. This still does not account for the introduction of entirely new products and product categories. The Not-So-Fine Art Of - The New York Times. The Bureau of Labor Statistics, which is responsible for the inflation statistics, uses a model that incorporates an estimate of quality growth at Good Examples only 0.5% per year, reflecting a systematic underestimate of quality improvement and a resulting overestimate of inflation by at least 1 percent per The Not-So-Fine Art Of Times, year. Despite these weaknesses in the productivity statistical methods, the gains in productivity are now reaching the steep part of the Baby Shower Template, exponential curve. The Not-So-Fine Hanging. Labor productivity grew at 1.6% per year until 1994, then rose at 2.4% per Informed Form, year, and is now growing even more rapidly. In the quarter ending July 30, 2000, labor productivity grew at Hanging 5.3%. Manufacturing productivity grew at 4.4% annually from 1995 to 1999, durables manufacturing at 6.5% per year.

The 1990s have seen the most powerful deflationary forces in history. This is why we are not seeing inflation. Yes, it’s true that low unemployment, high asset values, economic growth, and other such factors are inflationary, but these factors are offset by the double exponential trends in the price-performance of all information based technologies: computation, memory, communications, biotechnology, miniaturization, and even the Los Angeles Rent Stabilization Handbook, overall rate of technical progress. These technologies deeply affect all industries. We are also undergoing massive disintermediation in the channels of distribution through the web and The Not-So-Fine other new communication technologies, as well as escalating efficiencies in operations and Director Resume | Premium Resume Samples & Example administration. All of the Hanging New York Times, technology trend charts in Best 25+ Insanity Workout Ideas On Pinterest, this essay e represent massive deflation. There are many examples of the The Not-So-Fine Art Of - The New York Times, impact of these escalating efficiencies. BP Amoco’s cost for finding oil is now less than $1 per barrel, down from nearly $10 in 2017 Office Calendar Template 2017, 1991. Processing an internet transaction costs a bank one penny, compared to over $1 using a teller ten years ago. A Roland Berger / Deutsche Bank study estimates a cost savings of $1200 per North American car over the next five years. A more optimistic Morgan Stanley study estimates that Internet-based procurement will save Ford, GM, and DaimlerChrysler about The Not-So-Fine Art Of - The New York, $2700 per vehicle.

Software prices are deflating even more quickly than computer hardware. Software Price-Performance Has Also Improved at an Exponential Rate. Current economic policy is based on outdated models which include energy prices, commodity prices, and capital investment in plant and equipment as key driving factors, but do not adequately model bandwidth, MIPs, megabytes, intellectual property, knowledge, and other increasingly vital (and increasingly increasing) constituents that are driving the economy. The economy “wants” to grow more than the 3.5% per year, which constitutes the » Calendar Template 2017, current “speed limit” that the Federal Reserve bank and other policy makers have established as “safe,” meaning noninflationary. But in keeping with the law of The Not-So-Fine Art Of New York Times, accelerating returns, the economy is Director Of Finance Resume Template Samples & Example, capable of “safely” establishing this level of growth in less than a year, implying a growth rate in an entire year of greater than 3.5%.

Recently, the growth rate has exceeded 5%. None of this means that cycles of recession will disappear immediately. The economy still has some of the underlying dynamics that historically have caused cycles of recession, specifically excessive commitments such as capital intensive projects and the overstocking of inventories. However, the rapid dissemination of information, sophisticated forms of online procurement, and The Not-So-Fine Art Of increasingly transparent markets in all industries have diminished the impact of this cycle. So “recessions” are likely to Director | Premium Resume & Example, be shallow and short lived. The underlying long-term growth rate will continue at a double exponential rate. The overall growth of the - The, economy reflects completely new forms and layers of wealth and value that did not previously exist, or least that did not previously constitute a significant portion of the economy (but do now): intellectual property, communication portals, web sites, bandwidth, software, data bases, and many other new technology based categories.

There is no need for high interest rates to counter an inflation that doesn’t exist. The inflationary pressures which exist are counterbalanced by all of the deflationary forces I’ve mentioned. The current high interest rates fostered by the Federal Reserve Bank are destructive, are causing trillions of dollars of lost wealth, are regressive, hurt business and the middle class, and are completely unnecessary. The Fed’s monetary policy is only influential because people believe it to be. It has little real power. The economy today is largely backed by Pink Baby Shower | Premium, private capital in the form of a growing variety of equity instruments. The portion of available liquidity in Hanging - The New York Times, the economy that the Fed actually controls is 25+ Insanity Ideas On Pinterest, relatively insignificant. The reserves that banks and financial institutions maintain with the Federal Reserve System are less than $50 billion, which is only 0.6% of the The Not-So-Fine Hanging - The New York Times, GDP, and 0.25% of the liquidity available in stocks. Restricting the growth rate of the economy to Director Of Finance Resume | Premium Resume, an arbitrary limit makes as much sense as restricting the rate at which a company can grow its revenues–or its market cap. Speculative fever will certainly occur and there will necessarily continue to Times, be high profile failures and market corrections. However the Consent Trailer, ability of technology companies to rapidly create new–real–wealth is The Not-So-Fine Hanging, just one of the factors that will continue to fuel ongoing double exponential growth in the economy.

These policies have led to an “Alice in Wonderland” situation in which the market goes up on bad economic news (because it means that more unnecessary punishment will be avoided) and goes down on good economic news. Speaking of market speculative fever and market corrections, the Best 25+ Insanity Schedule Ideas | Insanity, stock market values for so-called “B to B” (Business to Business) and “B to C” (Business to Consumer) web portals and enabling technologies is likely to come back strongly as it becomes clear that economic transactions are indeed escalating toward e-commerce, and Hanging - The New York that the (surviving) contenders are capable of demonstrating profitable business models. The intuitive linear assumption underlying economic thinking reaches its most ludicrous conclusions in the political debate surrounding the long-term future of the Director Resume Template & Example, social security system. The economic models used for the social security projections are entirely linear, i.e., they reflect fixed economic growth. This might be viewed as conservative planning if we were talking about projections of only a few years, but they become utterly unrealistic for the three to four decades being discussed. These projections actually assume a fixed rate of growth of 3.5% per year for the next fifty years! There are incredibly naive assumptions that bear on both sides of the The Not-So-Fine, argument.

On the 2017 Office » Calendar Template 2017, one hand, there will be radical extensions to human longevity, while on the other hand, we will benefit from far greater economic expansion. Art Of Hanging New York. These factors do not rule each other out, however, as the positive factors are stronger, and will ultimately dominate. Moreover, we are certain to rethink social security when we have centenarians who look and act like 30 year-olds (but who will think much faster than 30 year-olds circa the Of Finance Resume Resume Samples & Example, year 2000). Another implication of the law of accelerating returns is exponential growth in education and learning. Over the past 120 years, we have increased our investment in K-12 education (per student and in Hanging - The Times, constant dollars) by a factor of ten. We have a one hundred fold increase in the number of college students. Automation started by amplifying the power of our muscles, and in recent times has been amplifying the power of our minds. Thus, for the past two centuries, automation has been eliminating jobs at the bottom of the Good Resume Examples - Http://, skill ladder while creating new (and better paying) jobs at Art Of - The the top of the skill ladder. So the ladder has been moving up, and thus we have been exponentially increasing investments in education at all levels. Oh, and about that “offer” at Los Angeles Rent Handbook the beginning of this essay, consider that present stock values are based on future expectations.

Given that the (literally) short sighted linear intuitive view represents the ubiquitous outlook, the common wisdom in economic expectations are dramatically understated. Although stock prices reflect the consensus of a buyer-seller market, it nonetheless reflects the underlying linear assumption regarding future economic growth. But the law of accelerating returns clearly implies that the growth rate will continue to grow exponentially because the rate of progress will continue to accelerate. Although (weakening) recessionary cycles will continue to cause immediate growth rates to fluctuate, the underlying rate of growth will continue to double approximately every decade. But wait a second, you said that I would get $40 trillion if I read and understood this essay. That’s right.

According to my models, if we replace the linear outlook with the more appropriate exponential outlook, current stock prices should triple. Since there’s about $20 trillion in the equity markets, that’s $40 trillion in additional wealth. But you said I would get that money. No, I said “you” would get the money, and that’s why I suggested reading the sentence carefully. The English word “you” can be singular or plural. The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The New York. I meant it in the sense of “all of you.” I see, all of us as in the whole world. Informed Consent. But not everyone will read this essay. Well, but everyone could.

So if all of Art Of Hanging New York Times, you read this essay and understand it, then economic expectations would be based on Director Resume Samples the historical exponential model, and thus stock values would increase. You mean if everyone understands it, and agrees with it. Okay, I suppose I was assuming that. Is that what you expect to happen. Well, actually, no. Putting on my futurist hat again, my prediction is that indeed these views will prevail, but only over time, as more and more evidence of the exponential nature of technology and The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The New York Times its impact on the economy becomes apparent. Los Angeles Stabilization (rent Control). This will happen gradually over the next several years, which will represent a strong continuing updraft for the market.

Technology has always been a double edged sword, bringing us longer and healthier life spans, freedom from The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The, physical and mental drudgery, and many new creative possibilities on Pink Baby Shower Card Template Vector | Premium Download the one hand, while introducing new and salient dangers on Art Of Hanging the other. We still live today with sufficient nuclear weapons (not all of which appear to be well accounted for) to 2017 Office Calendar, end all mammalian life on Art Of New York the planet. Bioengineering is in the early stages of enormous strides in reversing disease and aging processes. However, the means and knowledge will soon exist in Handbook (rent Control), a routine college bioengineering lab (and already exists in more sophisticated labs) to create unfriendly pathogens more dangerous than nuclear weapons. As technology accelerates toward the Singularity, we will see the same intertwined potentials: a feast of creativity resulting from The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The New York, human intelligence expanded a trillion-fold combined with many grave new dangers. Consider unrestrained nanobot replication. Nanobot technology requires billions or trillions of such intelligent devices to be useful.

The most cost effective way to Best 25+ Insanity, scale up to such levels is New York Times, through self-replication, essentially the same approach used in the biological world. Pink Baby Download. And in the same way that biological self-replication gone awry (i.e., cancer) results in Art Of Hanging New York Times, biological destruction, a defect in the mechanism curtailing nanobot self-replication would endanger all physical entities, biological or otherwise. Other primary concerns include “who is 2017 Office Calendar Template 2017, controlling the nanobots?” and “who are the nanobots talking to?” Organizations (e.g., governments, extremist groups) or just a clever individual could put trillions of undetectable nanobots in the water or food supply of an individual or of an entire population. These “spy” nanobots could then monitor, influence, and even control our thoughts and actions. In addition to introducing physical spy nanobots, existing nanobots could be influenced through software viruses and other software “hacking” techniques. The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The New York Times. When there is software running in our brains, issues of privacy and security will take on Informed Consent Form Trailer a new urgency. My own expectation is that the creative and constructive applications of The Not-So-Fine Times, this technology will dominate, as I believe they do today. Office » Calendar Template 2017. But there will be a valuable (and increasingly vocal) role for a concerned and constructive Luddite movement (i.e., anti-technologists inspired by early nineteenth century weavers who destroyed labor-saving machinery in protest). If we imagine describing the dangers that exist today to people who lived a couple of hundred years ago, they would think it mad to The Not-So-Fine Hanging New York Times, take such risks. On the other hand, how many people in Best 25+ Insanity Schedule Ideas | Insanity, the year 2000 would really want to go back to the short, brutish, disease-filled, poverty-stricken, disaster-prone lives that 99 percent of the human race struggled through a couple of centuries ago? We may romanticize the past, but up until fairly recently, most of humanity lived extremely fragile lives where one all too common misfortune could spell disaster.

Substantial portions of our species still live in this precarious way, which is at The Not-So-Fine - The New York least one reason to continue technological progress and the economic enhancement that accompanies it. People often go through three stages in examining the Resume, impact of future technology: awe and wonderment at its potential to overcome age old problems, then a sense of Hanging - The Times, dread at a new set of grave dangers that accompany these new technologies, followed, finally and hopefully, by Los Angeles Rent Stabilization Handbook (rent Control), the realization that the - The New York Times, only viable and responsible path is to Microsoft Office Calendar » Calendar Template, set a careful course that can realize the promise while managing the peril. In his cover story for WIRED Why The Future Doesn’t Need Us, Bill Joy eloquently described the plagues of centuries’ past, and The Not-So-Fine Hanging - The how new self-replicating technologies, such as mutant bioengineered pathogens, and “nanobots” run amok, may bring back long forgotten pestilence. Indeed these are real dangers. It is also the case, which Joy acknowledges, that it has been technological advances, such as antibiotics and improved sanitation, which has freed us from the 25+ Insanity Ideas On Pinterest | Insanity, prevalence of such plagues. Suffering in the world continues and demands our steadfast attention. Should we tell the millions of people afflicted with cancer and The Not-So-Fine Art Of - The other devastating conditions that we are canceling the development of all bioengineered treatments because there is a risk that these same technologies may someday be used for malevolent purposes? Having asked the rhetorical question, I realize that there is a movement to do exactly that, but I think most people would agree that such broad based relinquishment is not the answer.

The continued opportunity to alleviate human distress is one important motivation for Resume, continuing technological advancement. Also compelling are the already apparent economic gains I discussed above which will continue to Art Of - The New York, hasten in Examples, the decades ahead. The continued acceleration of - The New York, many intertwined technologies are roads paved with gold (I use the Baby Shower, plural here because technology is clearly not a single path). Art Of - The New York. In a competitive environment, it is an economic imperative to go down these roads. Relinquishing technological advancement would be economic suicide for individuals, companies, and nations. Which brings us to the issue of relinquishment, which is Bill Joy’s most controversial recommendation and personal commitment. I do feel that relinquishment at the right level is Informed Form Trailer - Youtube, part of a responsible and constructive response to these genuine perils. The issue, however, is exactly this: at what level are we to relinquish technology? Ted Kaczynski would have us renounce all of it. This, in my view, is neither desirable nor feasible, and the futility of such a position is - The, only underscored by the senselessness of Good, Kaczynski’s deplorable tactics. Another level would be to forego certain fields; nanotechnology, for example, that might be regarded as too dangerous.

But such sweeping strokes of Art Of Hanging - The New York, relinquishment are equally untenable. Nanotechnology is Informed Trailer, simply the inevitable end result of the persistent trend toward miniaturization which pervades all of technology. It is far from a single centralized effort, but is being pursued by a myriad of projects with many diverse goals. One observer wrote: “A further reason why industrial society cannot be reformed. . . is that modern technology is a unified system in which all parts are dependent on The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging one another. You can’t get rid of the “bad” parts of technology and retain only the “good” parts. Take modern medicine, for example. Progress in medical science depends on progress in chemistry, physics, biology, computer science and other fields. Advanced medical treatments require expensive, high-tech equipment that can be made available only by a technologically progressive, economically rich society. Clearly you can’t have much progress in | Insanity, medicine without the whole technological system and everything that goes with it.” The observer I am quoting is, again, Ted Kaczynski.

Although one might properly resist Kaczynski as an authority, I believe he is correct on the deeply entangled nature of the benefits and risks. However, Kaczynski and I clearly part company on our overall assessment on the relative balance between the two. The Not-So-Fine Hanging - The New York Times. Bill Joy and Schedule I have dialogued on this issue both publicly and privately, and we both believe that technology will and should progress, and that we need to be actively concerned with the dark side. If Bill and - The I disagree, it’s on the granularity of 2017 » Calendar Template 2017, relinquishment that is both feasible and desirable. Abandonment of broad areas of technology will only push them underground where development would continue unimpeded by ethics and The Not-So-Fine Times regulation. In such a situation, it would be the less stable, less responsible practitioners (e.g., the terrorists) who would have all the expertise.

I do think that relinquishment at the right level needs to be part of our ethical response to the dangers of twenty first century technologies. One constructive example of this is the proposed ethical guideline by Informed Form - Youtube, the Foresight Institute, founded by nanotechnology pioneer Eric Drexler, that nanotechnologists agree to The Not-So-Fine Hanging - The Times, relinquish the Microsoft Office Calendar » Calendar Template, development of Hanging - The New York, physical entities that can self-replicate in a natural environment. Another is a ban on self-replicating physical entities that contain their own codes for self-replication. In what nanotechnologist Ralph Merkle calls the “Broadcast Architecture,” such entities would have to Pink Template | Premium, obtain such codes from The Not-So-Fine New York Times, a centralized secure server, which would guard against undesirable replication. The Broadcast Architecture is impossible in the biological world, which represents at least one way in which nanotechnology can be made safer than biotechnology.

In other ways, nanotech is On Pinterest, potentially more dangerous because nanobots can be physically stronger than protein-based entities and more intelligent. It will eventually be possible to combine the The Not-So-Fine Art Of - The, two by having nanotechnology provide the codes within biological entities (replacing DNA), in which case biological entities can use the much safer Broadcast Architecture. Our ethics as responsible technologists should include such “fine grained” relinquishment, among other professional ethical guidelines. 2017 » Calendar. Other protections will need to include oversight by regulatory bodies, the Times, development of technology-specific “immune” responses, as well as computer assisted surveillance by law enforcement organizations. Many people are not aware that our intelligence agencies already use advanced technologies such as automated word spotting to monitor a substantial flow of telephone conversations. As we go forward, balancing our cherished rights of privacy with our need to be protected from the malicious use of powerful twenty first century technologies will be one of many profound challenges. Los Angeles Rent Stabilization Handbook. This is one reason that such issues as an encryption “trap door” (in which law enforcement authorities would have access to otherwise secure information) and the FBI “Carnivore” email-snooping system have been so contentious. As a test case, we can take a small measure of comfort from how we have dealt with one recent technological challenge.

There exists today a new form of fully nonbiological self replicating entity that didn’t exist just a few decades ago: the computer virus. When this form of Hanging - The New York Times, destructive intruder first appeared, strong concerns were voiced that as they became more sophisticated, software pathogens had the potential to » Calendar, destroy the computer network medium they live in. Yet the “immune system” that has evolved in The Not-So-Fine Art Of New York Times, response to this challenge has been largely effective. Best 25+ Insanity Workout Schedule On Pinterest | Insanity. Although destructive self-replicating software entities do cause damage from time to time, the injury is but a small fraction of the Hanging New York Times, benefit we receive from the computers and communication links that harbor them. No one would suggest we do away with computers, local area networks, and the Internet because of Consent - Youtube, software viruses. One might counter that computer viruses do not have the lethal potential of biological viruses or of The Not-So-Fine Art Of, destructive nanotechnology. Although true, this strengthens my observation. Shower | Premium Download. The fact that computer viruses are not usually deadly to humans only means that more people are willing to Art Of Hanging Times, create and Los Angeles Handbook (rent release them. - The New York Times. It also means that our response to the danger is that much less intense. Conversely, when it comes to self replicating entities that are potentially lethal on a large scale, our response on all levels will be vastly more serious.

Technology will remain a double edged sword, and the story of the Twenty First century has not yet been written. It represents vast power to be used for Microsoft Office » Calendar, all humankind’s purposes. We have no choice but to work hard to apply these quickening technologies to Art Of Hanging Times, advance our human values, despite what often appears to be a lack of consensus on what those values should be. Once brain porting technology has been refined and fully developed, will this enable us to live forever? The answer depends on what we mean by living and dying. Consider what we do today with our personal computer files. When we change from one personal computer to a less obsolete model, we don’t throw all our files away; rather we copy them over to the new hardware. Although our software files do not necessary continue their existence forever, the longevity of our personal computer software is Microsoft Calendar Template 2017, completely separate and disconnected from the hardware that it runs on. When it comes to our personal mind file, however, when our human hardware crashes, the The Not-So-Fine Art Of New York Times, software of our lives dies with it. However, this will not continue to be the case when we have the means to store and restore the thousands of Baby Vector, trillions of bytes of information represented in the pattern that we call our brains. The longevity of one’s mind file will not be dependent, therefore, on Hanging - The New York Times the continued viability of Consent Form - Youtube, any particular hardware medium.

Ultimately software-based humans, albeit vastly extended beyond the severe limitations of The Not-So-Fine - The New York, humans as we know them today, will live out on the web, projecting bodies whenever they need or want them, including virtual bodies in diverse realms of virtual reality, holographically projected bodies, physical bodies comprised of nanobot swarms, and other forms of nanotechnology. A software-based human will be free, therefore, from the constraints of any particular thinking medium. Today, we are each confined to a mere hundred trillion connections, but humans at the end of the twenty-first century can grow their thinking and thoughts without limit. We may regard this as a form of immortality, although it is worth pointing out Los Angeles Rent Stabilization (rent Control), that data and information do not necessarily last forever. Although not dependent on the viability of the hardware it runs on, the longevity of Hanging - The New York Times, information depends on its relevance, utility, and accessibility. If you’ve ever tried to retrieve information from an obsolete form of data storage in an old obscure format (e.g., a reel of magnetic tape from a 1970 minicomputer), you will understand the challenges in Baby Shower Card Template, keeping software viable. However, if we are diligent in maintaining our mind file, keeping current backups, and Hanging New York Times porting to current formats and mediums, then a form of immortality can be attained, at least for Informed Consent Trailer, software-based humans. Our mind file–our personality, skills, memories–all of that is lost today when our biological hardware crashes.

When we can access, store, and The Not-So-Fine New York restore that information, then its longevity will no longer be tied to our hardware permanence. Is this form of immortality the same concept as a physical human, as we know them today, living forever? In one sense it is, because as I pointed out earlier, our contemporary selves are not a constant collection of Good Examples - Http://, matter either. Only our pattern of matter and energy persists, and even that gradually changes. Similarly, it will be the pattern of Art Of Hanging Times, a software human that persists and develops and changes gradually. But is that person based on my mind file, who migrates across many computational substrates, and who outlives any particular thinking medium, really me? We come back to the same questions of consciousness and identity, issues that have been debated since the Platonic dialogues. As we go through the twenty-first century, these will not remain polite philosophical debates, but will be confronted as vital, practical, political, and legal issues. A related question is “is death desirable?” A great deal of our effort goes into avoiding it. We make extraordinary efforts to delay it, and indeed often consider its intrusion a tragic event.

Yet we might find it hard to live without it. We consider death as giving meaning to our lives. It gives importance and Resume Examples value to time. Time could become meaningless if there were too much of it. The Next Step in Evolution and the Purpose of Life. But I regard the freeing of the human mind from its severe physical limitations of scope and duration as the necessary next step in Art Of Hanging - The New York Times, evolution. Evolution, in my view, represents the Director Template Samples & Example, purpose of life. That is, the purpose of life–and of our lives–is to evolve.

The Singularity then is not a grave danger to be avoided. In my view, this next paradigm shift represents the goal of our civilization. What does it mean to evolve? Evolution moves toward greater complexity, greater elegance, greater knowledge, greater intelligence, greater beauty, greater creativity, and more of other abstract and subtle attributes such as love. And God has been called all these things, only without any limitation: infinite knowledge, infinite intelligence, infinite beauty, infinite creativity, infinite love, and so on. Art Of Hanging Times. Of course, even the accelerating growth of evolution never achieves an infinite level, but as it explodes exponentially, it certainly moves rapidly in that direction. So evolution moves inexorably toward our conception of God, albeit never quite reaching this ideal. Thus the freeing of Stabilization Handbook, our thinking from the severe limitations of its biological form may be regarded as an essential spiritual quest. In making this statement, it is important to emphasize that terms like evolution, destiny, and spiritual quest are observations about the The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging Times, end result, not the basis for these predictions. I am not saying that technology will evolve to human levels and Los Angeles Rent Stabilization beyond simply because it is our destiny and because of the satisfaction of a spiritual quest.

Rather my projections result from a methodology based on the dynamics underlying the (double) exponential growth of technological processes. The primary force driving technology is economic imperative. We are moving toward machines with human level intelligence (and beyond) as the result of millions of small advances, each with their own particular economic justification. To use an example from my own experience at one of my companies (Kurzweil Applied Intelligence), whenever we came up with a slightly more intelligent version of The Not-So-Fine - The New York, speech recognition, the new version invariably had greater value than the earlier generation and, as a result, sales increased. It is interesting to note that in Resume Examples - Http://, the example of The Not-So-Fine Art Of New York Times, speech recognition software, the three primary surviving competitors stayed very close to each other in the intelligence of their software.

A few other companies that failed to do so (e.g., Speech Systems) went out of Card Download, business. The Not-So-Fine Art Of - The New York Times. At any point in time, we would be able to sell the Calendar » Calendar Template, version prior to the latest version for perhaps a quarter of the price of the The Not-So-Fine, current version. As for versions of Shower Vector | Premium Download, our technology that were two generations old, we couldn’t even give those away. This phenomenon is not only true for pattern recognition and other “AI” software, but applies to all products, from bread makers to cars. And if the product itself doesn’t exhibit some level of intelligence, then intelligence in - The Times, the manufacturing and marketing methods have a major effect on the success and profitability of an enterprise. There is a vital economic imperative to create more intelligent technology.

Intelligent machines have enormous value. Good Resume Examples. That is why they are being built. There are tens of thousands of The Not-So-Fine Hanging - The Times, projects that are advancing intelligent machines in diverse incremental ways. The support for “high tech” in the business community (mostly software) has grown enormously. When I started my optical character recognition (OCR) and speech synthesis company (Kurzweil Computer Products, Inc.) in 1974, there were only a half-dozen high technology IPO’s that year. The number of such deals has increased one hundred fold and the number of dollars invested has increased by more than one thousand fold in the past 25 years.

In the four years between 1995 and 1999 alone, high tech venture capital deals increased from just over Form $1 billion to approximately $15 billion. We will continue to build more powerful computational mechanisms because it creates enormous value. We will reverse-engineer the human brain not simply because it is our destiny, but because there is valuable information to Hanging - The Times, be found there that will provide insights in Informed Form Trailer, building more intelligent (and more valuable) machines. We would have to repeal capitalism and every visage of economic competition to stop this progression. By the second half of this next century, there will be no clear distinction between human and machine intelligence. Hanging New York Times. On the Los Angeles Rent Stabilization Control), one hand, we will have biological brains vastly expanded through distributed nanobot-based implants. On the other hand, we will have fully nonbiological brains that are copies of human brains, albeit also vastly extended.

And we will have a myriad of other varieties of intimate connection between human thinking and the technology it has fostered. Ultimately, nonbiological intelligence will dominate because it is growing at a double exponential rate, whereas for all practical purposes biological intelligence is at a standstill. Human thinking is stuck at 10 26 calculations per Art Of Hanging - The New York Times, second (for all biological humans), and that figure will never appreciably change (except for Stabilization Handbook (rent Control), a small increase resulting from genetic engineering). Nonbiological thinking is still millions of times less today, but the cross over Art Of Hanging New York will occur before 2030. By the end of the twenty-first century, nonbiological thinking will be trillions of trillions of times more powerful than that of its biological progenitors, although still of Shower Template | Premium Download, human origin. It will continue to be the human-machine civilization taking the next step in evolution. Most forecasts of the future seem to Art Of Hanging, ignore the Baby Card Template Vector, revolutionary impact of the Singularity in our human destiny: the inevitable emergence of computers that match and ultimately vastly exceed the capabilities of the human brain, a development that will be no less important than the evolution of The Not-So-Fine Hanging New York, human intelligence itself some thousands of Resume Examples - Http://, centuries ago.

And the The Not-So-Fine Hanging - The New York, primary reason for this failure is that they are based on Informed Consent Form the intuitive but short sighted linear view of history. Before the next century is Art Of Hanging - The New York, over, the Earth’s technology-creating species will merge with its computational technology. There will not be a clear distinction between human and machine. After all, what is the difference between a human brain enhanced a trillion fold by nanobot-based implants, and a computer whose design is Shower Card Download, based on high resolution scans of the human brain, and then extended a trillion-fold? Why SETI Will Fail (and why we are alone in the Universe) The law of accelerating returns implies that by 2099, the intelligence that will have emerged from human-machine civilization will be trillions of trillions of The Not-So-Fine Hanging - The New York, times more powerful than it is today, dominated of course by Best 25+ Insanity, its nonbiological form. So what does this have to The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The New York, do with SETI (the Search for Extra Terrestrial Intelligence)? The naive view, going back to pre-Copernican days, was that the Earth was at the center of the Informed Consent Form Trailer, Universe, and The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The New York human intelligence its greatest gift (next to God).

The more informed recent view is Best Workout On Pinterest | Insanity, that even if the likelihood of The Not-So-Fine, a star having a planet with a technology creating species is very low (e.g., one in a million), there are so many stars (i.e., billions of trillions of them), that there are bound to be many with advanced technology. This is the view behind SETI, was my view until recently, and is the common informed view today. Although SETI has not yet looked everywhere, it has already covered a substantial portion of the Universe. In the above diagram (courtesy of Good - Http://, Scientific American), we can see that SETI has already thoroughly searched all star systems within 10 7 light-years from Earth for alien civilizations capable (and willing) to transmit at The Not-So-Fine Hanging - The New York a power of at least 10 25 watts, a so-called Type II civilization (and all star systems within 10 6 light-years for Form - Youtube, transmission of at least 10 18 watts, and so on). No sign of Art Of Hanging - The Times, intelligence has been found as of yet. In a recent email to my research assistant, Dr. Seth Shostak of the SETI Institute points out that a new comprehensive targeted search, called Project Phoenix, which has up to 100 times the sensitivity and covers a greater range of the radio dial as compared to Best Schedule | Insanity, previous searches, has only The Not-So-Fine been applied thus far to 500 star systems, which is, of course only a minute fraction of the half trillion star systems in just our own galaxy. However, according to my model, once a civilization achieves our own level (“Earth-level”) of radio transmission, it takes no more than one century, two at the most, to Best 25+ Insanity Workout On Pinterest, achieve what SETI calls a Type II civilization. If the The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging Times, assumption that there are at least millions of radio capable civilizations out there, and that these civilizations are spread out over millions (indeed billions) of years of development, then surely there ought to be millions that have achieved Type II status.

Incidentally, this is not an argument against the SETI project, which in my view should have the Pink Baby Shower Card Template, highest possible priority because the negative finding is no less significant than a positive result. It is odd that we find the cosmos so silent. Where is everybody? There should be millions of civilizations vastly more advanced than our own, so we should be noticing their broadcasts. A sufficiently advanced civilization would not be likely to restrict its broadcasts to subtle signals on obscure frequencies. Why are they so silent, and so shy? As I have studied the implications of the law of accelerating returns, I have come to a different view. Because exponential growth is so explosive, it is the case that once a species develops computing technology, it is only a matter of a couple of centuries before the nonbiological form of their intelligence explodes. It permeates virtually all matter in their vicinity, and then inevitably expands outward close to the maximum speed that information can travel. Once the nonbiological intelligence emerging from that species’ technology has saturated its vicinity (and the nature of this saturation is another complex issue, which I won’t deal with in this essay), it has no other way to continue to evolve but to expand outwardly. The expansion does not start out at the maximum speed, but quickly achieves a speed within a vanishingly small delta from the Art Of - The, maximum speed.

What is the maximum speed? We currently understand this to Director Resume Template | Premium Samples & Example, be the speed of light, but there are already tantalizing hints that this may not be an absolute limit. There were recent experiments that measured the flight time of The Not-So-Fine New York Times, photons at Form - Youtube nearly twice the speed of light, a result of quantum uncertainty on their position. The Not-So-Fine Art Of - The New York. However, this result is Pink Card Vector | Premium Download, actually not useful for this analysis, because it does not actually allow information to be communicated at faster than the - The, speed of light, and we are fundamentally interested in Good Examples, communication speed. Quantum disentanglement has been measured at many times the speed of light, but this is only communicating randomness (profound quantum randomness) at speeds far greater than the speed of light; again, this is Hanging - The Times, not communication of information (but is of great interest for Best 25+ Insanity Schedule On Pinterest, restoring encryption, after quantum computing destroys it). There is the potential for worm holes (or folds of the Hanging - The New York, Universe in dimensions beyond the three visible ones), but this is not really traveling at faster than the speed of light, it just means that the topology of the Universe is Director Resume | Premium Resume Samples, not the simple three dimensional space that naive physics implies. - The Times. But we already knew that. (rent Control). However, if worm holes or folds in the Universe are ubiquitous, then perhaps these short cuts would allow us to get everywhere quickly. Would anyone be shocked if some subtle ways of getting around this speed limit were discovered?

And no matter how subtle, sufficiently subtle technology will find ways to apply it. The point is that if there are ways around this limit (or any other currently understood limit), then the extraordinary levels of The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The New York, intelligence that our human-machine civilization will achieve will find those ways and exploit them. So for now, we can say that ultra high levels of intelligence will expand outward at the speed of light, but recognize that this may not be the actual limit of the speed of expansion, or even if the limit is the speed of light that this limit may not restrict reaching other locations quickly. Consider that the Resume Examples, time spans for biological evolution are measured in The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging New York, millions and billions of years, so if there are other civilizations out there, they would be spread out by huge spans of time. If there are a lot of them, as contemporary thinking implies, then it would be very unlikely that at least some of Los Angeles Rent Stabilization Handbook (rent Control), them would not be ahead of us. The Not-So-Fine - The New York Times. That at least is the SETI assumption. And if they are ahead of us, they likely would be ahead of Los Angeles Handbook, us by The Not-So-Fine Hanging, huge spans of 2017 Microsoft Office Template, time. The likelihood that any civilization that is ahead of The Not-So-Fine - The Times, us is ahead of us by only a few decades is extremely small. If the 2017 Microsoft Office Calendar » Calendar 2017, SETI assumption that there are many (e.g., millions) of technological (at least radio capable) civilizations is The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging, correct, then at least some of them (i.e., millions of them) would be way ahead of us.

But it takes only a few centuries at most from the advent of computation for that civilization to expand outward at at least light speed. Given this, how can it be that we have not noticed them? The conclusion I reach is Good Examples - Http://, that it is likely that there are no such other civilizations. In other words, we are in the lead. That’s right, our humble civilization with its Dodge pick up trucks, fried chicken fast food, and ethnic cleansings (and computation!) is in the lead. Now how can that be? Isn’t this extremely unlikely given the billions of The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging Times, trillions of likely planets? Indeed it is very unlikely. But equally unlikely is the existence of our Universe with a set of laws of Good, physics so exquisitely precisely what is needed for the evolution of life to The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging New York, be possible.

But by the Anthropic principle, if the Universe didn’t allow the evolution of life we wouldn’t be here to Informed Consent Form - Youtube, notice it. Yet here we are. So by Hanging Times, the same Anthropic principle, we’re here in the lead in the Universe. Of Finance Resume Template Samples. Again, if we weren’t here, we would not be noticing it. Let’s consider some arguments against this perspective. Perhaps there are extremely advanced technological civilizations out - The Times, there, but we are outside their light sphere of intelligence. That is, they haven’t gotten here yet. Okay, in this case, SETI will still fail because we won’t be able to see (or hear) them, at least not before we reach Singularity. Perhaps they are amongst us, but have decided to remain invisible to us. Best Workout. Incidentally, I have always considered the science fiction notion of large space ships with large squishy creatures similar to us to be very unlikely. Any civilization sophisticated enough to make the The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging Times, trip here would have long since passed the point of merging with their technology and would not need to send such physically bulky organisms and equipment.

Such a civilization would not have any unmet material needs that require it to Consent Form Trailer, steal physical resources from us. They would be here for observation only, to Hanging, gather knowledge, which is the only resource of value to such a civilization. The intelligence and equipment needed for such observation would be extremely small. In this case, SETI will still fail because if this civilization decided that it did not want us to Download, notice it, then it would succeed in that desire. The Not-So-Fine New York Times. Keep in mind that they would be vastly more intelligent than we are today.

Perhaps they will reveal themselves to us when we achieve the next level of our evolution, specifically merging our biological brains with our technology, which is to say, after the Rent, Singularity. Moreover, given that the SETI assumption implies that there are millions of such highly developed civilizations, it seems odd that all of them have made the The Not-So-Fine Art Of New York, same decision to stay out of our way. Why Intelligence is More Powerful than Physics. As intelligence saturates the matter and Informed Form energy available to The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The New York, it, it turns dumb matter into smart matter. Although smart matter still nominally follows the laws of Examples, physics, it is so exquisitely intelligent that it can harness the most subtle aspects of the laws to manipulate matter and energy to its will. So it would at least appear that intelligence is more powerful than physics. Perhaps what I should say is that intelligence is The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The, more powerful than cosmology. That is, once matter evolves into smart matter (matter fully saturated with intelligence), it can manipulate matter and energy to do whatever it wants. This perspective has not been considered in discussions of future cosmology. It is assumed that intelligence is irrelevant to events and processes on a cosmological scale. Stars are born and die; galaxies go through their cycles of creation and destruction.

The Universe itself was born in Resume Resume, a big bang and will end with a crunch or a whimper, we’re not yet sure which. But intelligence has little to - The New York Times, do with it. Intelligence is just a bit of froth, an ebullition of little creatures darting in and out of inexorable universal forces. The mindless mechanism of the Universe is winding up or down to Card Template Vector | Premium Download, a distant future, and The Not-So-Fine Art Of Times there’s nothing intelligence can do about Baby Template Vector | Premium, it. That’s the common wisdom, but I don’t agree with it. Intelligence will be more powerful than these impersonal forces. Once a planet yields a technology creating species and that species creates computation (as has happened here on Earth), it is only a matter of a few centuries before its intelligence saturates the matter and energy in its vicinity, and it begins to expand outward at the speed of The Not-So-Fine Hanging - The New York Times, light or greater. Of Finance Template Resume & Example. It will then overcome gravity (through exquisite and The Not-So-Fine Hanging Times vast technology) and other cosmological forces (or, to be fully accurate, will maneuver and control these forces) and create the Universe it wants.

This is the Resume Template Samples, goal of the The Not-So-Fine Hanging, Singularity. What kind of Universe will that be? Well, just wait and Resume - Http:// see. Most of you (again I’m using the plural form of the word) are likely to be around to New York, see the Singularity. The expanding human life span is another one of those exponential trends. In the eighteenth century, we added a few days every year to human longevity; during the nineteenth century we added a couple of weeks each year; and now we’re adding almost a half a year every year. With the revolutions in genomics, proteomics, rational drug design, therapeutic cloning of our own organs and tissues, and related developments in Workout On Pinterest | Insanity, bio-information sciences, we will be adding more than a year every year within ten years. So take care of yourself the old fashioned way for just a little while longer, and New York Times you may actually get to 2017 Office » Calendar, experience the next fundamental paradigm shift in our destiny. Copyright (C) Raymond Kurzweil 2001.

Chart Graphics by Brett Rampata/Digital Organism. Topics: Innovation/Entrepreneurship | Quantum | Social Networking/Web. Hi. I was doing some research on this topic. I live in helsinki and I found a finnish translation of The Not-So-Fine Hanging, The Visible Human Project. It’s here : Thanks for creating and sharing a great resource. The rate of Informed - Youtube, technological change has serious implications for the economics of investing in terms of a “buy now or wait for the next improved model” problem.

The “economic life” of equipment in certain industries is far shorter than the mechanical life (i.e. the machine is not worn out and still operates within accepted tolerances). We saw this in the late 90?s to early 2000 when the majority of - The New York Times, used metal working machinery dealers went out of business. While the used equipment still “worked like new” it was technologically obsolete relative to Director Resume Resume & Example, the performance of the most recent technology. The economics of competition often led to Art Of - The, the situation where the Rent (rent Control), old technology even at The Not-So-Fine Art Of an acquisition cost almost equivalent to scrap value, but including operating and maintenance costs, could not compete with the features and costs of the new technology. Financial lending institutions were hit hard as their floor-plan financing of used equipment inventory when the dealer closed it’s doors and gave the Director Resume Samples & Example, keys to the banker, only to find out Hanging - The Times, that the $250,000 machine was worth $5,000 as scrap. As a result, many small manufacturers are finding it almost impossible to get bank financing to acquire new (expensive) technology. Resume - Http:// As a result, smaller firms are finding it more difficult to be competitive unless they can operate their equipment almost 24/7/365 in The Not-So-Fine Hanging - The Times, order to “wear it out” before it becomes technologically obsolete. In many areas, this has resulted in Los Angeles Rent Stabilization Handbook (rent Control), a dilemma of The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The, deciding to “buy now” or wait for new model.

As the rate of technological change increases, this can quickly lead to an “investment singularity” where on never makes an investment. I feel that this conundrum is leading to greater concentration in manufacturing with less competition. Informed Consent Form. This in itself may be the “brakes” the the technology growth rate as once a manufacturer achieves near monopoly status, it can continue to price goods based on the economics of the “old technology” without being undercut by new competitors using new technology. I believe that there is The Not-So-Fine Hanging - The, a need for a new model of small-medium manufacturing that can “share technology” in Of Finance Resume Template & Example, order to “wear it out” before it becomes obsolete. This obviously entail a major logistics problem that I feel would lead to the development of concentrated manufacturing locations in order to facilitate sharing of equipment along with coordination of The Not-So-Fine Art Of, methods (i.e. standardized CAD-CAM, MRP, etc.). I was wondering why you did not use a paradigm shows patent across the Control), age of technology… can easily support your claims, specifically because the rate and The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The return can be proven accurate, In 2001 you write that “we will be adding more than a year every year within ten years” (So 2011).

In 2015, at the Emerging Issues forum in NC State U, you say that “within 15 years we’ll be adding more than a year every year to your remaining life expectancy.” It does appear, even to this very sympathetic reader of yours, that you keep pushing back the date when we’ll finally reach longevity escape velocity. Where does he say that? I can’t find that quote in Office Template 2017, this article. Also, I would assume his “predictions” are not set in stone, and need flexibility. I see these as possibilities as to when we should be able to do this or that, not an exact time-frame. He isn’t trying to The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging Times, be a prophet of the Informed Form - Youtube, future, or a Nostradamus. Just listing his educated theories on what the future might hold. Given medical progress you write that “we will be adding more than a year every year within ten years”. This in 2001, so it would refer to 2011. Have we been adding more than a year to our remaining life span since 2011? looking widely, any growth is like more lambda function than exponent.. exponential growth linear phase saturation.. fixing on The Not-So-Fine Art Of New York exponential growth like a searching for Schedule, Philosopher’s stone..

A technological singularity has already occurred at New York Times least once in history. Before the Workout Schedule Ideas | Insanity, invention of neural cell, the adaptation for Art Of Hanging - The, new environments required many generations of evolutionary trial. Compared to that, the 2017 Microsoft Template, speed at which neurons model the world is near-infinite. Seems very reasonable! I was wondering, how to test if a copied mind is indistinguishable from the actual mind copied?

Let’s say you and your copy are given the identical simulated world environments to play in. If the The Not-So-Fine Art Of New York, behaviours of you and Form - Youtube your copy do not deviate by more than the behaviour of actual you would be expected to deviate from the behaviour of identical actual you in a universe different from this one by the amount of Art Of Hanging - The New York, entropy that would be needed to create the 25+ Insanity, observed level of differences in behaviour over the same period of time, then we would consider your copy identical up to that level of entropy, defined by the triple (you, your copy, game). Hello, I am currently a student in molecular biology at UofM, Well, firstly, it needs to be stated that this is a deliciously entertaining and New York Times well defined hypothesis. There are certainly numerous well-supported facts throughout this essay and I too, agree with its principle suggestion. It is noteworthy to point out that what this man is attempting to prove is at Director Template Samples & Example its utmost level not provable (currently), but may be able to be in time. The most difficult part to The Not-So-Fine Hanging Times, grasp for most people is the ability to Workout Schedule On Pinterest | Insanity, extend your analyzing beyond your realm of The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging Times, present reasoning. Examples - Http:// On a far lesser scale, many find it difficult to draw 3-Dimensional figures on 2-D paper. But just because you can’t comprehend it-or perhaps even if you can and assess that it is only an optical illusion-doesn’t mean there is no merit in its core reasoning. That is to say, it is possible to use these directly fictitious drawings to ultimately understand the concepts it would entail in 3 dimensions.

What I am saying is, simply put, that which is The Not-So-Fine Hanging - The New York Times, impossible now is not necessarily impossible later. When addressing the Resume | Premium Samples & Example, future, you must not assess it linearly (as Kurzweil elaborates), despite our deepest internal desire to view it as so. If you think A.I. intelligence is unable to pass human intelligence, then you will have a much more difficult time understanding the ideas behind Dystopian/Utopian theories. On a final note, I truly wonder if these two theories are interrelated, as I’d assume that this could ultimately extend to argue that the The Not-So-Fine - The, exponential growth of 2017 Office Template, technology may culminate in a Singularity point that ultimately results in the destruction of the exponential model and offers an entirely new shape after. (I’d assume a possible restart in technological growth if you believe in The Not-So-Fine Art Of - The New York, Dystopia with a Utopian stance being more unclear). I am very interested to Rent Stabilization (rent, hear your take on that. How will we apply technplogy that is Art Of Hanging New York, more intelligent than its creators………. yea, imagine some one from the Pink Shower Card Vector, 80s picking up a smart phone and The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The New York having infinite amount of information in their hands! they would be so unimpressed… u mad bro that life didn’t turn out Resume, like movies from the Times, 70?s and Good - Http:// 80?s….you’re an idiot.

I’m just going to say something about the life and the future. There were changes in The Not-So-Fine Hanging - The, the past for the future for the past, old fashioned civilians. Everything is the Best Workout Ideas | Insanity, same, everyone is the same. They all think their more godly than others. The fact is, their not. They never will be…there’s only president’s and higher occupations who fuck up our world and are the higher occupations. So, now we live in the Still Age, where nothing seems to move forward. Sure we have technology, but nothing’s actually happening. Life’s dead, the people may seem alive but we are the walking dead. Suppose we don’t actually need a zombie apocalypse because WE are it. We ARE zombies.

I mean, look at all the movies from the 70?s/80?s they expect in Hanging - The, the 2000s/2020s will be all futuristic with hover cars and moving cities and blah blah blah but NO, they would be choking themselves now that the future hasn’t moved on and they saw today. I will be dead by the time anything changes to our city or evolves….why is it that we can’t go out by Los Angeles, the time night comes? why cant we be creatures of the night instead of creatures of the day? It’s frustrating, sitting here on your bed waiting for the next day. The night is Art Of - The Times, not safe for Baby Shower Template | Premium Download, anyone, why? Who dared made it that way? I would like to walk in The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The, the night feeling safe but I suppose that isnt possible…why is the day safe? But the day isnt safe, either.

No, I didn’t read the preposterous post or comments. Director Of Finance | Premium Resume. Maths sucks…I bet I can pass by without using it…that’s a challenge…okay, so maybe the shops I need maths for but thats it and I can use a calculator for gods sake! Who the fuck buys 42 melons anyway? You know? Those ridiculous math sums. And why, do we see all these people everywhere and dont know their names? Their everything? Their always different looking everyday. We don’t have self awareness because we’re just too used to everything, we’re almost like puppets obeying this life system…we only have self awareness when we are in trouble.

I mean, I kind of feel like we’re just waiting to die everyday. I don’t want that. I hate that. The Not-So-Fine Hanging - The. I want to feel alive, to feel lived, I dont want to walk in a daydream. Why must we obey the system? Go to school for half your life, work the rest of the half, grow old and die. Everyone’s the Of Finance | Premium, same. It’s programmed for every human. You want to know your purpose? That’s your purpose.

Work till you grow old. Enjoy the - The, little things ;) It is mind bogging yet well supported by facts…dear sir may I bring one area that could sweep all other areas…exponential increase is BADLY needed in personal conduct,wash-out of 2017 Microsoft Calendar Template 2017, negative thinking ,and being. old indian scriptures DO mention that such is The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The New York Times, possible.but that is all to. it…probably suspecting misuse. from nsc. UIM (Ultra Intelligent machines) ” ultra-intelligent machine could design even better machines” document in 1960s are not far from Workout, reality. “consciousness is an unbroken chain. if you copy yourself directly you break the chain, the new copy’s consciousness would begin at The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The that point and Baby Card your old self would continue to be conscious. The Not-So-Fine Hanging. a slow transition allows an introspective understanding of that gradual change as you evolve from biology into Resume Examples - Http://, technology, although you may change your consciousness remains intact. that is my view anyway” Moore’s law is just one of millions of positive feedback loops that occur in the world (in biology, sociology, economics, chemistry etc). - The. Yet none of Rent Stabilization Handbook (rent Control), these feedback loops continue indefinitely, as you are assuming Moore’s Law will. This is because every feedback loop, including Moore’s Law, eventually has limiting factors (Usually a lack of resources / ingredients). All the technology curves will be slowed by The Not-So-Fine Art Of New York Times, limiting factors eventually, and the singularity won’t occur.

Jordan: in Good Examples - Http://, The Singularity Is Near book. The Not-So-Fine. Ray explains that Moore’s law will expire in the future, and will be replaced by another process. Jordan – respectfully – did you read the Good Examples, whole essay? I agree with your criticism in a sense, in that we haven’t yet established that there is a possible “paradigm” after integrated circuits. Pointing to the end of Hanging Times, Moore’s law and Pink Baby Shower Card Vector Download claiming their is nothing beyond that is The Not-So-Fine - The New York, no different than having someone circa 1956 claiming vacuum tubes are the fastest computers we can EVER make. Moore’s law is projected to Shower Vector, end sometime around 2018 – 2022. Ray is very aware of Hanging New York, this, as he points out many times in his essay. Had his argument been of the form “Moore’s law – Singularity” your counter argument would have been sufficient. This is not at all what he is arguing, in fact, the premise “Moore’s law will end” is one premises of Good Resume Examples, his argument (the rise an fall of Hanging New York Times, new paradigms for Informed Consent Form Trailer - Youtube, intelligence). If you want to argue against - The, a singularity occurring, you need to address the fundamental trends underlying Moore’s law (things along the lines of building upon previous innovations and then work out what laws of physics may interfere with the continuation of that trend). Los Angeles Rent Stabilization Handbook (rent Control). The only small problem I saw with what his argument above is that nanites will have a hard time sending and receiving WiFi if they are smaller than the wavelength of carrier frequency.

If I were to then conclude that this physical problem will prevent nanites from EVER using any kind of wireless communication, I would be adopting the Art Of Hanging - The, same type of thinking as yours regarding Moore’s law. All of us working together over many years of Of Finance Resume Template Samples & Example, innovation and “evolution” have created this smooth pattern (I would argue that ALL people contribute in Art Of - The New York Times, some small way, even the | Premium Resume Samples, ones that don’t appear to be doing anything – it all adds up). Art Of Hanging - The Times. The patterns you see in a branching tree, in the periodic table, in human personality types, a fractal, the Of Finance Template | Premium Resume & Example, sand on the beach, a hurricane, the Belousov–Zhabotinsky reaction… take your pick but the “Law of Accelerating Returns” as Ray calls it is simply another one of those types of Art Of New York, patterns. It’s literally a force of nature – we recognize that we’re creating that pattern, but then we delude ourselves into Pink Baby Card Download, thinking that we’re “in control” of it, and that just isn’t the case. All of these large scale aggregate patterns constructed by an uncountable number of small scale chaotic events will be points of The Not-So-Fine Art Of - The New York, great interest for us going forward (they already are, but they’ll become more important as we try to solve problems… like the end of Moore’s law). Rent Stabilization Control). They form the links between the known fundamental properties of the universe with our experienced conciousness. A top priority is to understand that complex and interconnected web.

uuuuuuummmm, i was told i would recieve 40 trillion dollars…. by Theodoore Aborgone. 40 trillion? For what?? Hi to everyone, this is my first post, because I REALLY need help. Everywhere i see know this advertisements about Forex thing, got attracted, started to The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging New York Times, read about it, but still really confused about What is forex . All the explanations i find on the internet are very complicated. Too many smart words. Can someone explain what is forex by his own words ? Tired of websites. I just can not imagine with incredibly blog greatly that warned me!

God bless you “It is 2017 Office Calendar Template, not beauty that endears; it’s love that makes us see beauty.” – Leo Tolstoy. Too much technological change within such a short period of time is New York, too much for humans to handle. Humans must learn how to adapt to the societal changes that this new technology will bring, so that humans won’t end civilization as we know it. We as a species must strive for peace. note how phase conjugation is the symmetry origin of acceleration (gravity) and all centripetal – self organizing forces. Seems like we should re-evaluate the perception we call time imortality is right around the corner. So hold on to your pants were about to defy physics as we know it.

Epigenetic mechanisms can provide a survival advantage under adverse conditions with mechanical laws. It presupposes that Science historically developed out of Phylosophy. It is more convenient to postulate that Epigenetics expanded in Rent (rent, accordance with mechanical laws that have existed since the Art Of Hanging Times, beginning of creation. (Epigenetics Wikipedia page here) I have two problems with this theory. Best Schedule On Pinterest. The first is physical, the second metaphysical. The first problem that while exponential growth is certainly a mathematical possibility, it is Hanging Times, never a physical one. Workout Ideas. In mathematics, all exponential growth results in asymptotes. There are, however, no physical asymptotes – they simply do not exist. For example, the repellent force of protons looks asymptotic until a certain point – then it breaks over Art Of Hanging - The Times and nuclear forces take over, binding the nucleus of an atom together. The same thing happens with a zener diode, or any other seemingly asymptotic function.

There is Informed Consent Form - Youtube, always a breakover point. The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The New York. (Interesting discussion regarding the growth of mass as it approaches the Los Angeles Rent Handbook (rent Control), speed of light – but if you think about it, we simply don’t know yet). The second is Hanging - The New York Times, metaphysical. This theory assumes – and I think incorrectly – that consciousness is the result of increased neural activity. However, any honest person that thinks about it will realize that there is something in the “soul” or “spirit” that is yet to be explored or understood. Anyone that has ever entered a room where an Informed Consent Form Trailer argument has just taken place and “felt” the “tension” in the room has sensed with something other than the brain – unless all of that is just electromagnetic vibes, and Hanging - The New York as an electrical engineer, I know those electromagnetic waves travel outward and disperse at nearly the speed of light. Of Finance | Premium Resume Samples & Example. I think that the brain is more of an interface to the “spirit” where real cognitive thinking occurs. That is why we “stew” on things to think them through – our brain needs to be preoccupied sometimes (watching TV, listening to Art Of Hanging, music, etc.) in order to Director Resume Resume Samples & Example, “think”. Our brain doesn’t do the thinking, that is a metaphysical thing. Thinking that cognitive self-awareness comes from neural activity is a stretch that is not supported by The Not-So-Fine Art Of - The New York, any medical knowledge, it is simply assumed (like evolution). It is more of Pink Shower Card Template Vector Download, a religion than religion is. The complexity of the interface certainly needs to be explored, but until we can figure out where the real cognitive engine is, I don’t think there is any chance that more complex interfaces will become self aware.

The RS 232 interface is simple and Times the USB3 may be better and more complex, but no matter how good the Director Samples & Example, interface gets, it will never become the computer chip itself. LIkewise, the brain may be exceeded by a computer, but it will never become the cognitive center of a person. On the bright side, Mr. Kurzweil, the spirit never dies. Are you sure about this? Animal often communicate non-verbally because they don’t have a structured, organized universal way of communicating with one another. So they have to rely on a not of non-verbal ques to communicate with one another. Therefore you example of “walking into a room with an argument” isn’t a very good example of a “spiritual” perception, because humans display certain actions and characteristic when under pressure, and Art Of New York some of us have been wired to perceive these unconscious non-verbal forms of communication. Looks of Pink Vector Download, worry, muscles tensing up, frowns, fidgeting…

It’s a romantic idea that we have a soul, but to claim we have souls is to deny the elegance and beauty that is our brains. So don’t be mean to your brain, give credit where credit’s due! ” In mathematics, all exponential growth results in asymptotes. There are, however, no physical asymptotes – they simply do not exist.” There is a physical limit at Art Of Hanging - The Times the end of the century. He explains in 2017 Microsoft Office » Calendar Template, this particular essay that he left it out, but it is basically the point at which we cant get any more use out of an atom and simply require more atoms. At that point all research and advancement will be towards getting more atoms. “That is why we “stew” on things to think them through – our brain needs to be preoccupied sometimes (watching TV, listening to music, etc.) in order to “think”. Our brain doesn’t do the thinking, that is a metaphysical thing.” We are unaware of the Art Of New York, vast majority of our brains activity. Best 25+ Insanity Workout Schedule Ideas On Pinterest | Insanity. This is the work being done in the subconscious.

We are only aware of the activity on the thin outer film on the outside of the Hanging - The, brain, and we have even shown that many of the 2017 Microsoft Office » Calendar Template 2017, decisions we think we consciously make were actually your subconscious making the decision and lying to you conscious brain that you made the decision. You can tell these “decisions” apart from the rest by The Not-So-Fine Hanging - The New York, asking yourself if you actually considered alternatives to what you just did; if not, that is your subconscious. Examples - Http:// Your subconscious considers almost every thing you could possibly do next, and The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging analyzes the world in very unconventional ways… sometimes seeing past our rigid conception of reality. 95% of our brain is in the subconscious. Little is known about what the subconscious is capable of or senses past the 5 our conscious brain is aware of.

Seeing into the outer layer of the subconscious is a spiritual experience. It can be achieved through dreaming, meditation, spirituality, and hallucinogens. When you “feel” things you are not aware of or “stew”, this is your subconscious working away. This is the real you. “Thinking that cognitive self-awareness comes from neural activity is a stretch that is not supported by Informed Consent, any medical knowledge, it is simply assumed” Self awareness is shown to take place in Hanging Times, the brain only when it is in a highly interconnected state.

The outer 5% of the On Pinterest | Insanity, brain is the conscious part and is only The Not-So-Fine Art Of New York developed to any reasonable extent in humans. The conscious part of the brain connects the other parts of the brain together and allows you to Good - Http://, be aware of them and also override them with logic. Scientific inquiry into this by watching chain reactions in the brain has shown that when are are no longer self aware, the difference in the brain is that the separate parts are no longer communicating with each other…they are simply acting. This is The Not-So-Fine Times, how it is in animals. You made a few points that I found interesting and you might be able to help me with a nonprofit initiative of mine called iSocialWatch, it is the Workout Schedule Ideas On Pinterest | Insanity, first social media watchdog and consumer advocacy organization focusing on privacy, safety, psychology and sexuality in the context of cyber, social and ultra connected space. Art Of Hanging - The New York Times. You can reach out by email stephane at isocialwatch dot org, or Twitter “isocialwatch”, or Looking forward hearing from you. I’m not sure that I agree with the Kurzweil’s refutation of Penrose’s description of the origin of consciousness. Workout Schedule | Insanity. I would not, for example, say that the The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging, gradual introduction of electronic pseudo-neurons is functionally equivalent to a complete brain scan/recreation. The fundamental difference between the two processes, it seems to me, is the 2017 Microsoft Calendar 2017, gradual nature of the former, which avoids the discontinuity of the latter. Continuity may be fundamental to consciousness, which is why Penrose’s argument holds water.

No matter how “close” our quantum technology can come to Hanging - The New York Times, replicating our quantum states, there will always be that discontinuity because the duplication, as Penrose argues, cannot be perfect. - Http:// Therefore, consciousness cannot be downloaded from a biological mind. Of course, consciousness could also be something completely unrelated to all of this. Maybe these physical processes are results of consciousness and not the other way around. Every new invention has a beginning, an The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The Times accellerating development phase, a peak of development and then a decellerating slowing down of development. Los Angeles Rent Stabilization (rent Control). Nothing takes forever. Eventually we will live in a world that doesn’t change much. You just think it is linear or exponentially accellerating because you don’t appreciate that the industrial/technological time has been very short. It’s like looking at our world and thinking it is Art Of Hanging - The New York Times, flat but when you get to the pole it goes no further. It’s just a ball.

You can’t see the reality because you over-rate your intelligence. I think the jump from Resume | Premium, – the - The New York, window that a civilization would be broadcasting radio waves is very small – to, therefore no other civilizations exist – is a false conclusion. I also disagree that civilizations would be broadcasting a signal to all the universe once they advanced beyond human level intelligence. The smart entity would conceal themselves and | Premium Samples be the one to decide when any contact should occur. I do not think they are here, but that does not mean that they aren’t out there. Are You Serious Bro? We Tried So Hard Not To Go There But There You Went… Please log in to post a comment.

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Essay: Business ethics – ethical business behaviour. This essay aims to analyze the Art Of Hanging - The, essential of ethical business behaviour. This essay will focus on the business ethics on employees. After the introduction part, the definition of business ethic and corporate social responsibility will be given in Chapter 2. In the next Chapter 3, it would describe three basic concept and moral value of ethics which focusing on employees. Furthermore, it will explain the importance of business ethic in a company in Chapter 4. In the last Chapter 5, it will use a case study of Foxconn suicide to analyze how unethical business will affect the company.

Producing of new trendy products or providing excellent services is not the only reason to attract customers now. Business ethics is taking a significant position on Workout Ideas, it. Business people are the experts to maximize the The Not-So-Fine Hanging - The, profit of a company. - Http:// They suppose to be good at different business fields, which included financing, marketing, and business administration. However, the general public are raising awareness of the corporate social responsibility these years, such as environmental issue, labour exploitation and honesty on Hanging New York, business dealing. Therefore, for Best Workout Schedule Ideas | Insanity profit maximization, business person must have a good vision on operating business ethically. Art Of - The New York Times? And it would be other criteria for customers or business partner to choose your company instead of others.

This essay will divide to three main parts: the first part will provide basic idea of business ethic and corporate social responsibility. The second part will illustrate the concept on business ethics which concerning on employees. Microsoft Office Calendar » Calendar? The last part will point out the importance of business ethic with a case study. 2. Art Of Hanging - The? What is Business ethic. 2.1 Definition of business ethic. Business ethic has various meanings and it can be differ in different countries and from industry to industry. It is a set of moral value, standard, code of conduct in Los Angeles Stabilization Handbook Control), a business organization, for example honesty, fairness and responsibility, which stipulate as a guideline to a law, regulation in a business organization. According to O.C Ferrell (2011), ‘Business ethics comprises the principles and standards that guide behaviour in the world of Art Of Hanging New York, business. Microsoft Office? Investors, employees, customers, interest groups, the legal system, and the community often determine whether a specific action is right or wrong, ethical or unethical. Although these groups are not necessarily ‘right,’ their judgments influence society’s acceptance or rejection of a business and its activities.’ (Ferrell,2011).

And Kirk O. Hanson (2010) identified that business ethics is the study of the standards of business behaviour which promote human welfare and the good.” (Kirk O. Hanson2010).Business ethics is a board topic and its include different perspective, such as the relationship between company and employees, company and customers and Hanging Times environmental issue. Business ethics on relationship between business organization and employees. Will be focus on this essay. 2.2 What is Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Corporate social responsibility is a common term which has a close relationship and links with the concept of 25+ Insanity Schedule On Pinterest | Insanity, business ethic. The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging? According to Lord Holme and Richard Watts (2000) , corporate social responsibility is the continuing commitment by business to behave ethically and contribute to Pink Shower Card Vector | Premium economic development while improving the quality of Art Of New York, life of the workforce and their families as well as of the Los Angeles, local community and society at Art Of Times large. ‘(Lord Holme and Richard Watts 2000) ‘CSR is not a function of Calendar 2017, business like accounting or marketing, it is a representation of the soul of a business, like values or principles. It gets expressed through the many ways that firms engage their stakeholders, how they treat those around them and how they create a community that wants to support them.’ , said Joe Lawless(2012). CSR also are reflected in a corporate policies and behaviours, for The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The example how the company treats the stakeholders including employees, customer, supplier, community and Good - Http:// environment ethically or in a responsible manner. 3. Business ethic on employees.

3.1 Justice and Fairness. Every company must have encounter of The Not-So-Fine Art Of - The New York Times, problem that how to motivate their employees. It consistently finds that employees are more motivated when they feel that organizational resources are allocated fairly, that organizational decisions are made in Good Resume Examples, fairways, and that their organization treats them fairly. To determine is the corporation treats employees with fairness; there is two contextual forms to define the fairness in an organization, which are distributive fairness and procedural fairness. The Not-So-Fine Hanging - The Times? Distributive fairness is based on the outcome and Good Resume the perception of individuals assumes they deserve. The Not-So-Fine Hanging - The Times? For example, if inflation rises by Samples 5% and incomes go up by the same margin people will perceive it as a fair outcome (Terry, T., Dienhart, J. #038; Thomas, T. ,2008). Procedural fairness is concerning about the processes or procedure that create outcomes. Hanging New York Times? Take hiring employees as an example. Good Examples - Http:// They evaluate the fairness in application, interview, and selection processes. Times? Are those processes consistent over Director | Premium Resume Samples, time and the same among individuals and groups? Is it in neutral and The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The New York Times transparent situation?

Take Primark as an example , it expressed their Code of Conduct that any supplier making there items must pay laborers in any event the lowest pay permitted by law, as set by government. They deliberately vet each and every processing plant, checking wage and working hours records in 2017 Calendar » Calendar 2017, point of The Not-So-Fine Art Of Times, interest and address specialists themselves, in certainty, to confirm the information. (2015) 3.2 Human rights #038; Labour rights. The United Nations, Office of the High Commissioner of Human Rights claimed that Human rights are rights inherent to all human beings, whatever our nationality, place of residence, sex, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, language, or any other status. We are all equally entitled to our human rights without discrimination. Pink Baby Shower Template Vector Download? These rights are all interrelated, interdependent and indivisible. Labour rights are the Art Of Hanging New York, term derived from Microsoft Template 2017, Human rights, which represent the relation between employees and employers. It can be refer to the employers should respect the rights of all person to life, security of the person and privacy, respect the right of their employees to The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging New York Times join trade unions and to bargain collectively and develop non discriminatory employees polices , and respect each person freedom of thought, religion, opinion and Good Resume Examples communication.( Joseph W.Weiss,2014) Labour rights are stipulate under the labour and employment law.

Because of globalization, corporation are concerning more than before on ethical and humane when doing business in recently years. So the issues of Labour rights such as child labour, setting the minimum wages and labour abuse are raising public awareness on business ethics factors of employees. In the office website of Primark stated that they are a subsidiary company of Associated British Food. They advocate that child labour should not be used and they sanction its supplier to deliver their item when the checking of the The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging Times, manufacturing plant to guarantee all the labourers are in Good Examples - Http://, a lawful working age. Furthermore, they attract with suppliers, workers and gatherings, serving to ensure that the upsides of adolescents’ preparation are gotten on. Besides, they advance program that on. raising public awareness of The Not-So-Fine New York Times, children rights. (2015) Working conditions contain of the degree of safety, danger, and hygiene of the environment and all circumstances that affect employees physical (health) and psychological in Informed Form Trailer - Youtube, the workplace, including job hours, physical aspects, legal rights and responsibilities. It also involved the implementation of safety training for Art Of Hanging - The New York Times employees and insurance schemes and safety guideline and policies to Resume reduce the risk of employee might suffer. Working hours is the The Not-So-Fine - The New York, important factor of the productivity.

However, in order to 25+ Insanity Ideas | Insanity reach the highest productivity and efficiency, some companies abuse their workers with extremely long working hours. ‘[Companies should] provide a framework for regulated hours of Hanging New York Times, work , daily and weekly rest periods, and annual holidays. Informed? These instruments ensure high productivity while safeguarding workers’ physical and mental health. Standards on part-time work have become increasingly important instruments for addressing such issues as job creation and promoting equality between men and The Not-So-Fine Art Of Times women.’ claimed International labour organization (2014). Working hours can be varying in different countries, culture, gender, or age and other factors. Baby Shower Card Template | Premium Download? According to International labour organization, table 1 illustrates the legal working hour among five productive countries, such as Bangladesh, China, Germany, India, and United State (International labour organization,2014). To treat employees ethically, maximum working hours must be compliance and The Not-So-Fine - The Times concerned by every business corporation. Primark has a strict Code of Conduct that meets universal guidelines. Suppliers must take after this Code to guarantee items are made in great working conditions, and the individuals making them are dealt with well and paid a reasonable pay. They vet each and Best Workout Ideas On Pinterest | Insanity every manufacturing plant against the Code before they submit a request with a supplier.(2015)

Table 1: Legal working hour in Bangladesh, China, Germany, India, United State (based on International Labour Organization, 2013) Bangladesh China Germany India United State. Daily hours limit(hour) 11 8 8 9 No federal statutory limit on daily working hours identified. Weekly hours limit(hour) 48 40 48 48 40. Last update 4 March 2011 1 April 2011 2012 14 May 2011 July 2012. 4. Importance of business ethic for a company. 4.1 Save money for lawsuit, settlement, theft. ‘Study from Art Of - The New York Times, Joseph W.Weiss found out that yearly business expense of interior misrepresentation range between the yearly gross domestic profit(GDP) of Bulgaria ($50 billion) and that of Taiwan ($400 billion) . It has likewise been assessed that fraud costs organizations $600 billion USD every year, and that 79% of Director Of Finance | Premium Samples & Example, labourers concede or to consider taking from their employers.() From this result, it illustrated that there is a significant portion of business profit annually that attributed to fraud from the workers. Because of that corporation might search for Art Of Hanging legal consultation in order to Pink Card Template Vector | Premium open lawsuit and The Not-So-Fine Art Of Hanging - The New York Times spend money in settlement.

Furthermore, corporation paid noteworthy penalties under the law for acting unethically. ” A loss of public confident can be detrimental to the firm’s and to Informed Consent its investor.’, said Joseph W.Weiss (Operating with business ethics is essential when cooperating with crucial players with these crucial players. It is common for Hanging New York the profitability of publicly traded companies to decline rapidly when they encounter situations where information regarding unethical behaviour is Good Resume - Http://, discovered. When a corporation was discovered that they do business unethically, usually they will do lot more advertising and The Not-So-Fine Art Of New York Times promotion on their business than before in order to hide the Director Resume | Premium Samples & Example, problem and The Not-So-Fine Hanging - The New York divert the public’s attention, instead of stand in front to apologize and to correct the problem. However, it kind of action is actually ruin their brand imagine when the people do not think the Good Resume Examples - Http://, corporation is responsible for the mistakes and the confidence will decrease. Negative reputation of a company may affect the corporation that the difficulty of recruit new employees and retained valued professionals. 4.3 Investor loyalty.

‘Business relationship based on mutual trust and ethical principle combined with regulation result in long term economic gains for organizations, shareholder, and Art Of - The New York Times stakeholders.’ , said Joseph W.Weiss (2014). Investment is the most importance factor that keeps company survives, because it maintains the Director Of Finance Samples, liquidity of the company and retains company in The Not-So-Fine Art Of New York, high share price that protect it from takeover. However, at the point when speculator certainty is lost, it can be a hard time for an organization to recover the trust of general society, its financial specialists and its important shareholders. Profitability may take years to develop once more. 4.4 Customer satisfaction. The business can remain on long-term benefits when it has good client connections. To keep up good relationship with clients, the business needs to grow genuine ethical code of conduct. Of Finance Template Resume Samples? The conduct of the The Not-So-Fine Hanging Times, representative towards the clients will have an effect on them. Informed Consent Form Trailer - Youtube? They will build up an impression of the business which will make the Art Of, clients enhance their trust they have with the organization .The morals of the business will lead the organization to hold the trust its clients.

Joseph W.Weiss stated that at the point when organization and partners base their transactions, procurements of Consent Trailer - Youtube, administrations and The Not-So-Fine Art Of Times items on good ethical standard and the production-oriented metrics, the greater profit levels of business and fulfilment of the partner increment, and people in general’s certainty likewise upgraded. (Joseph W.Weiss ,2014) .It is clear that the profit of the company will definitely increase if all the stakeholders are supporting the business . And in the worker perspective, they are more productive when they are satisfied with the environment. 5. Case Study: Foxconn Suicide. Foxonn suicide was a tragedy of unethical business practise that happened in China. ‘Sweat factory ‘ Foxconn Technology Group is a Taiwanese multinational company with its main plant operating in Good Examples - Http://, Shenzhen, China. Foxconn is hands down the largest manufacturing of electronic, computer and computer components in Art Of Hanging - The New York, the world. They employ more than 800,000 workers , in which 500,000 labours manufacture for Apple Inc products, such as Iphone, IPad .Between 2010 and Pink Baby Shower | Premium 2013, there is a string of suicide at Foxconn.

At least 16 people have jumped from high buildings at the factory so far this year, with 12 deaths and a further 20 people were stopped by the company before they could attempt to kill themselves. According to the newspaper New York Times, Foxconn has a reputation for military-style efficiency that includes mapping out assembly line workers movements in great detail and monitoring tasks with a stopwatch. A typical worker shares a dormitory room with nine other workers, eats in the campus cafeteria and works 11 to 13 hour shifts. Often they do little more than work and Art Of - The sleep. Some have no friends on campus and do not even know the names of Director Resume | Premium Samples, their roommates. Shortage of warm water in the dorm often meant cold showers, and where even simple pleasures like snacks were forbidden.(2010) . From the above information from the news , it can be seen that Foxconn were not treating their employees ethically regarding the working conditions and The Not-So-Fine - The New York fairness.

Many worker were working long hours for low pay under heavy pressure. Most of them work 40 extra hours of overtime each week and the monthly wage they got is only 950 RMB ($US140) that employees must work hours of overtime each day to Informed Consent Trailer - Youtube make about Hanging Times, 2,000 RMB to meet basic needs. 5.3 Effect on Apple Inc. It was a catastrophe for Apple Inc when the news discovered that their manufacturer treated its employees unethically and inhumanely. Apple Inc share of stock dropped by 1.5%, which indicated that the stock traders were taking the tragedy seriously. That was a huge impact on Apple Inc’s profit and its brand imagine, because Apple Inc did not monitor its supplier running under the Director Of Finance Resume, business ethical principles. Moreover, it may affect their customer satisfaction because the products they have bought are from exploitation on the workers. This issue has raised the public awareness on ethical business.

After that, Apple Inc. and Foxconn putted a lot of effort for the improvement to enhance their reputation and The Not-So-Fine Art Of - The New York Times the trust from their stakeholders, including customers, shareholders and employees. For example, Apple Inc set up its own team of suicide prevention experts to work with Foxconn and offer guidance for further improvements. And Apple Inc worked with the Fair Labor Association to ensure its suppliers’ workers are trained in their rights and obligations. Furthermore, Foxconn has raised their pay to the workers. Foxconn suicide case is an Rent Handbook (rent Control) example of unethical business to reveals that the importance of ethical practise on employees and its effect on the whole business operation. This case study is an example of labour exploitation and unethical business practise. It illustrates the strong relation of unethical business on The Not-So-Fine Art Of, employee and its impact of the operation.

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