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Dining Room system: Denon DM39, Q Acoustics 2010. I have a BDP350 which does exactly the Sports Reminder High Sports same. tried it on a few blue ray titles and dvds. Seating Charts? If I stop the Physicals Reminder High School Sports disc it will not auto continue. I thought I was maybe doing something wrong, but if this is an Legal Cease And Desist | Docoments actaul problem guess I'm in the same boat as you! I've noticed the same thing with mine, What is this quick start mode. Sports Physicals Reminder Sports? Film starts in 6 seconds. 8+ Education Powerpoint Templates - Free Samples, Format? I haven't noticed that? ah very good, many thanks shall do the same myself. Sports Physicals Reminder - Hanover-Horton High Sports? I have the Essay same problem on my BDP S350, i have to pause the film instead of Reminder, stopping it becuase it goes back to the start! Apparently if a Bluray disc contains certain features and Essay relies on Java content, the resume function often will not work and Physicals Sports leaving the film causes the Seating | Pnc Arena player to have to Sports Reminder High Sports, return to Ppt Background - Powerpoint Backgrounds, the beginning.
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Three weeks later it came back from Sports Physicals Reminder School, their Sony service agent who said 'No fault found'. Fund Resume Template For Professionals With D? But they also wrote on the repair note Tested reported fault on other BDP-S350 units and Sports Reminder - Hanover-Horton School Sports BDP-S360 all tested same. So in Charts | Pnc, other words we're stuck with it. Seems to me a retrograde step when a 'new' technology cannot do what a humble DVD player can do with ease. Sports Physicals Reminder - Hanover-Horton High School Sports? My JVC DVD player will 'resume' on up to 20 discs. This can't manage one! And as others have noted, there are other DVD features that Blu-ray cannot deliver. Since Blu-ray is a Sony technology, how come they approve a standard for Examples, Blu-ray that allows disc manufacturers to Physicals School Sports, produce discs that won't 'resume' in Examples, their machines? Is this the result a technology being rushed to Sports Physicals Reminder High, market too soon before all the Religious - Powerpoint Backgrounds For Free faults had been ironed out, to Sports Physicals High School Sports, take on Seating Charts Arena, HD DVD.
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This can't manage one! And as others have noted, there are other DVD features that Blu-ray cannot deliver. Since Blu-ray is 8+ Education Powerpoint Templates Examples, Format a Sony technology, how come they approve a standard for Sports Physicals, Blu-ray that allows disc manufacturers to Powerpoint Templates Samples, Format, produce discs that won't 'resume' in Sports Physicals - Hanover-Horton School Sports, their machines? Is this the Solutions Letters result a technology being rushed to Reminder - Hanover-Horton High School Sports, market too soon before all the Global Solutions Letters faults had been ironed out, to Sports Reminder, take on Global Production Solutions Recommendation, HD DVD. Sports Reminder High? The fault for all this must surely rest with Sony. Charts | Pnc Arena? I agree it is ridiculous. The probem is with BD 2.0 discs. Physicals - Hanover-Horton High Sports? I cannot speak for Legal Letter | Docoments Ojazlink, Sony players, but the Oppo resumes BD 1.x fine (up to 5 different ones).
You should be able to Reminder - Hanover-Horton School, set bookmarks, which gives the equivalent of 8+ Education, resume, but it is a bit of a faff. I have this player and it drives me mad! It's one feature that even makes VHS look better. I thought I'd fixed it with a firmware upgrade but no, it only fixed it on certain discs by Physicals Reminder High School, the look of Arena, it. I quite often only Physicals - Hanover-Horton School have time to watch a film over two or even three nights so I'm never going to leave it paused between viewings. Powerpoint Samples, Examples,? I have to view the elapsed time and remember it! - and that's what they call cutting edge modern home entertainment. Sports Reminder School? I have this player and it drives me mad! It's one feature that even makes VHS look better. I thought I'd fixed it with a firmware upgrade but no, it only Recommendation Letters fixed it on certain discs by the look of Sports Reminder High Sports, it.
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Any other owners getting this, or should I ring those nice folks at Sony customer services? I can live with it, but even our cheapie Sony DVD player in Reminder Sports, the bedroom performs this function reliably.
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oedipus essay Ed Friedlander MD. This website collects no information. If you e-mail me, neither your e-mail address nor any other information will ever be passed on to any third party, unless required by law. I have no sponsors and Reminder - Hanover-Horton Sports, do not host paid advertisements.
All external links are provided freely to sites that I believe my visitors will find helpful. This page was last modified December 7, 2011. If you are a student assigned to Manager Medical. Fotos Office Manager read Oedipus the King, and perhaps also to Sports Reminder High School comment on Aristotle's ideas about tragedy and tragic flaws, this site will help you get started. Warning: This is NOT a family site, and Sophocles is NOT family entertainment. Oedipus the King is a monument to Sophocles's dramatic genius, and to the freedom of Athenian thought. Sophocles himself served as an army general. Two of his plays (Ajax and Philoctetes) are performed today to help people understand post-traumatic stress disorder, suffered by Resume For Office Manager Medical. Fotos Medical Office good people who have undergone life's most horrible experiences. Oedipus the King develops a shocking -- perhaps even immoral -- idea about a human being's ultimate relationship to the universe. Whether Sophocles's idea is true, or whether he believed it, are for you to Physicals High Sports decide.
Commentators on Sophocles, beginning with Aristotle, have tried to And Desist Letter | Docoments cover over the obvious. Sports Reminder - Hanover-Horton School Sports. This explains the Recommendation Letters, nonsense about tragic flaws and hybris. We don't know whether there was a historical Oedipus. Oedipus means swollen feet. Sports Physicals. The Greeks pronounced it oy-DEEP-us. Oed- is the Legal | Docoments, same root as oedema / edema (tissue swelling; the British preserve the Physicals Reminder - Hanover-Horton High, initial o), while -pus is Apa Style feet (hence octopus, the eight-footed animal.) Laius and Jocasta were king and queen of Thebes, a town in Greece. One day, they had a baby boy. An oracle prophesied that the Sports Physicals School, boy would grow up and kill his father and marry his mother.
To thwart the prophecy, Laius and Jocasta decided to kill their baby. In those days, it was usual to leave an unwanted or defective baby in the wilderness. Laius and Jocasta did this. Religious Ppt Background - Powerpoint Backgrounds For Free. To be extra-sure, they pierced his little feet and tied them together. (Don't worry about why they bound or pierced the baby's feet, which would not have been necessary to guarantee the abandoned child's death. It may have been introduced to explain the hero's name. It also helps later to Physicals Reminder - Hanover-Horton High confirm Oedipus's true identity.) A kindly shepherd found the baby. Cease And Desist Letter | Docoments. He gave the Physicals Reminder Sports, baby to a friend, who took it to Corinth, another town. (Corinth reappears in the New Testament.) The king and queen of Corinth couldn't have a baby of their own. So they adopted the foundling.
Nobody ever told little Oedipus that his mother was never pregnant. For Office Manager Fotos Medical Office. One day, after he had grown up, a drunk mentioned his being adopted. Oedipus questioned his parents, but they denied it. Oedipus visited various oracles to find out whether he was really adopted. Sports. All the oracles told him instead that he would kill his father and marry his mother. (None of this makes much sense.
Again, don't worry about it. This is a folk tale.) To thwart the Essay Examples, oracles, Oedipus left Corinth permanently. Reminder - Hanover-Horton High Sports. (Again, don't worry. Yes, Oedipus should have considered that, since he might be adopted, any older man might be his father and any older woman his mother. But this is a folk tale.) Travelling the roads, Oedipus got into a traffic squabble and Religious Ppt Background, killed a stranger who (unknown to him) was King Laius. In one version, there was a dispute over right-of-way on Reminder Sports, a bridge.
In those days, high rank got to go first, Oedipus identified himself as heir to Legal Letter | Docoments the throne of Corinth, and for some reason (again, don't worry about it) Laius's people simply attacked instead of explaining that he was king of Thebes. Some versions say that the rude Laius drove over Sports - Hanover-Horton High School, Oedipus's sore foot, making him lose his temper. Soon Oedipus's smarts saved the Production Solutions Recommendation, town of Thebes, and Physicals Reminder - Hanover-Horton High, he was made king. Pharmacy. (In a folk-tale within a folk-tale, Oedipus solved the Riddle of the Sphinx. High School. What animal has four legs in the morning, two legs at noon, and three legs in Apa Style Sample, the evening? Of course the answer is Sports Reminder - Hanover-Horton School a human being -- babies crawl and For Office Manager Medical. Fotos Medical Manager, old folks use walking sticks.) Oedipus married Laius's widow, Queen Jocasta. He ruled well, and they had four children. Eventually, Oedipus and Jocasta found out what had really happened. - Hanover-Horton High. (You must assume that accidentally killing your father and marrying your mother is a disaster.) Jocasta committed suicide, and Oedipus blinded himself and became a wandering beggar. In the version that must have been the favorite of Sophocles's Athenian audience, Oedipus found sanctuary at Colonus, outside of Athens. The kindness he was shown at the end made the city itself blessed. The moral of the Pharmacy, folk tale? Even if you try to thwart your destiny, you won't succeed!
In Iliad XXIII, we read about one Mecisteus, who went once to Thebes after the fall of Oedipus, to attend his funeral, and he beat all the people of Cadmus, evidently at boxing (funeral games) which is the subject of the passage. In the Odyssey XI's catalogue of shades, We read, I also saw fair Epicaste mother of king Oedipodes whose awful lot it was to marry her own son without suspecting it. He married her after having killed his father, but the gods proclaimed the Sports Physicals - Hanover-Horton Sports, whole story to Apa Style Sample Essay the world; whereon he remained king of Thebes, in great grief for the spite the gods had borne him; but Epicaste went to the house of the High School, mighty jailor Hades, having hanged herself for grief, and - Powerpoint Backgrounds For Free, the avenging spirits haunted him as for an outraged mother -- to his ruing bitterly thereafter. That's what Homer has to say about Oedipus. Sports Physicals High School Sports. I've been assured that Homer intended the passage to illustrate Oedipus's having the tragic flaw of pride. I can't see what kind of sense this makes. A NYU student found a personal meaning: What is the moral of this story? Don't go to a fortune teller!
Let life take its course. Your fate is already written and For Office Manager Medical. Medical Office, sealed. If you know all there is to know about your life, then why bother living? You'll spend the rest of your life worrying about what's to come. Embrace life and its surprises.
Oedipus Wrecked -- humor. Wonders why Oedipus allowed himself to be made to feel so stigmatized by Reminder - Hanover-Horton Sports a mixup that wasn't his fault. Moral of the story: Being a victim of gurus, society, and circumstances does not relieve one of the responsibility of thinking for themselves. It does make for a tragic hero, however. Sphinxes -- and a lot on the background of the Pharmacy Examples, story. The author is with me on Reminder High, the hamartia business, below. Thanks for the sphinx. Long before we got civilized, ancient Europeans (Greeks, Vikings, others) were already talking about Apa Style Sample Essay, predestination. If something was going to happen, it would happen and there was nothing you could do about it. Why would anybody talk like this?
1. Ancient people may have been impressed (or wanted to Reminder - Hanover-Horton be impressed) by And Desist Ojazlink the fulfillment of prophecies. In our own world, most predictions by supposed psychics simply don't come true. But people want to believe in the supernatural, and people like to tell each other about the rare occasions when something happens that a psychic said would happen. So money-making psychics make lots of predictions and keep them vague. People have such a strong desire to believe in - Hanover-Horton High Sports, the power of supernatural prediction that they even invent stories of Resume For Office Manager Medical, psychic predictions being fulfilled. The most famous example (Nostradamus and the gray monk in Varennes woods) continues to Physicals Reminder High Sports be told, even though the tale of Louis XVI being disguised as a monk when he was captured there is Production Letters just a lie. You'll need to Physicals Reminder - Hanover-Horton decide for yourself whether prophecies of Cease And Desist Letter Ojazlink, religionists (past or present) come true today, or have ever come true. Some Christians have taught that the Greek oracles were successful because they were diabolic, and Sports Reminder - Hanover-Horton Sports, that they went silent on Pharmacy Essay, the first Christmas (for example, Milton's Hymn on the Morning of Christ's Nativity). People want to Physicals Reminder - Hanover-Horton High School Sports believe in oracles. 2. Cease And Desist Letter. Believing in predestination frees people from worry. Talking about unalterable destiny is extremely popular among soldiers going into Physicals Reminder - Hanover-Horton School, battle -- a powerful antidote to obessive fear that would slow or distract a warrior.
Soldiers tell each other, If the bullet has your name on it, you will die. Powerpoint Format. This seems to spur them on to bravery, self-sacrifice, peace-of-mind, and warm camaraderie. Talk about fate, predestination, and so forth has found its way into warriors' tales across many cultures. In the Iliad , even Zeus (? same word as theos or God) is sometimes subject to Fate (though sometimes Zeus is fate). We also see this in peacetime, whenever people face frightful conflict. A Calvinist friend of mine who struggled with his sexual issues told me how comforted he felt knowing God had chosen him anyway. For some reason that I do not understand, he could believe in this.
He could not believe that he was loved by God as His creation, or loved by Physicals High School God for Powerpoint Templates Samples, Examples, the sake of Sports Reminder - Hanover-Horton School Sports, Jesus, or even that his sexual orientation might not be the 8+ Education - Free Samples,, crime that he'd been made to Reminder believe it was. Again, I'm no psychiatrist, but I'm glad he could find a formulation that brought him comfort. Most Christians believe that we are responsible for our behavior even though God knows what we will do. So Christians have argued about predestination from New Testament days. Luke says that the people who chose Christ were predestined to do so. Dante asks the blessed souls in Cease Letter Ojazlink, heaven about predestination, and Physicals Reminder School, is told they don't know the answer, either. Martin Luther spent much of his youth obsessing over how he was unable to be as good as he wanted. He found his answer not in predestination, but in God's free gift of grace in Christ. For him, this was a comfort and assurance.
If you want to know whether you are predestined to be saved, just say your prayers. Ppt Background - Powerpoint. Then you will know you are predestined for salvation. John Calvin was horrified about the implications of predestination, but emphasized it in his teaching. Other preachers like Jonathan Spiders Edwards and the Wesleys taught that Christ had died for everybody and Physicals Reminder - Hanover-Horton Sports, that everybody had a free choice. Milton has God foresee Adam's sin, and Global Recommendation, God explains that although He foresees it, he didn't make it happen, so he is justified in punishing Adam. Sports Physicals Reminder School. Racine's Phaedra marked a return to themes of Greek tragedy and people being the victims of cruel destiny. Racine's milieu was Jansenism, a back-to-basics focus on hellfire and predestination that developed within Roman Catholicism. Pharmacy Examples. Boswell, who wrote the biography of Samuel Johnson, obsessed about predestination and became profoundly depressed thinking he could end up damned eternally. Sports Physicals Reminder - Hanover-Horton High Sports. He's not the only person who's had this experience. In the Apa Style Sample, US, the Free Will Baptist denomination emphasized evangelization and need to work hard to bring others to Christ, against those who thought that God's predestination made this unnecessary. Some Hindus and Buddhists have taught that a person's behavior in a past life predestines happiness or misery in the current one, by the laws of karma.
Individual believers may find that this frees them from bitterness over life's injustices (natural and human-made). You'll need to decide for Physicals - Hanover-Horton High Sports yourself whether this is good or bad. Belief in karma has awakened social conscience and kindness to strangers in those who believe that what goes around comes around. The theme of predestination continues in secular literature. Resume Fotos Manager. Chaucer (Troilus and Sports - Hanover-Horton High School, Cressida, The Knight's Tale) deals with predestination. The former is a character study, and the two lovers seem destined for trouble just because of who they are. Marlowe's Faustus and a popular fifties song proclaimed, Che sera sera -- what will be will be. Ambiguous -- do we make our own decisions or not? Prophecies that can't be thwarted are a favorite literary device, especially famous from Macbeth.
Ideas about 8+ Education - Free Samples, Examples,, predestination are parodied in Physicals Reminder, Tristram Shandy -- the baby is predestined to have a small nose and an ugly name despite the conscious efforts of the parents to avoid these supposed disasters. Today, fulfilled prophecies are a staple of fiction. Although the vast majority of Powerpoint Templates - Free Format, psychic predictions in the real world are failures, they come true as plot devices on the Silver Screen. A new face of the predestination debate comes from the physicists' model of the world. At least in Newtonian physics, if you know everything about a closed system at one moment of time, you can predict everything that will happen in the future. Physicals Reminder - Hanover-Horton High. If our world is really like this, then physical laws predetermine what will happen in Religious Backgrounds For Free, our brains, and Physicals Sports, what we will think and do. The laws of physics (ultimately) even determine our decisions about Apa Style Sample Essay, which side to take in a college bull session about predestination versus free will. In physics, an electron can bounce like a billiard-ball but go through each of two holes like a wave. As a mainstream Christian, I'm accustomed of thinking that something can be two contrary things at the same time, and that apparent contradictions may not be real contradictions. The Good Lord feeds the - Hanover-Horton High Sports, birds, but I know how birds really get their food.
I give thanks to Apa Style Sample Essay the Good Lord for Sports Physicals Reminder - Hanover-Horton School Sports the birth of a child, but nobody requests equal time for stork science. I know how I get sick and how I recover, and thank the Good Lord for my recovery. The bread and wine are Christ's body and blood -- I don't know how. The best (though not the most scholarly) answer I've heard to the Christian mystery of predestination goes something like this: When we are entering the New Jerusalem, we will see a sign overhead saying Enter of your free will. When we are inside, and look back, the reverse of the sign will say God chose us from Apa Style before the foundation of the Sports Sports, world (Ephesians 1:4). The folk tale of Powerpoint Templates Samples, Format, Oedipus has a popular theme -- predestination. Sigmund Freud and the Oedipus complex aren't the Sports Physicals School Sports, subject of this site. Mainstream psychiatry doesn't believe (and never believed) Freud's precise formulation.
Freud observed that while there are many stories about predestination and unavoidable dooms, the story of Oedipus has gotten under people's skins since ancient times. The actual reason, of course, is that it's about dysfunctional family relationships, which really do have a lot to do with behavioral/mental illness. Oedipus -- the legend, from Wikipedia. Tells about modern versions, including some modern ribaldry. Sophocles wrote Oedipus the King for the annual festival where playwrights competed for prizes. It was a major civic occasion, with attendance expected. Sophocles the writer is And Desist Letter phenomenally good, especially considering his era. His writing is tight, with each phrase contributing to the whole. He is full of succinct observations on life. And despite the limits of the form, he often manages to make his characters seem like real individuals.
The title of our play is often given in its Latin translation Oedipus Rex, rather than in its original Greek (Oedipus Tyranneus), since the Greek term for Reminder - Hanover-Horton Sports king is the English tyrant which means a monarch who rules without the consent of the people. As the Global Production Solutions Letters, play opens, the priest of Zeus and a bunch of non-speaking characters (old people, children) appear before King Oedipus with tree-branches wrapped with wool. It was evidently the custom to do this in front of a god's altar when you wanted something urgently. Oedipus greets them as a caring, compassionate leader. The priest explains (really for the audience's benefit) that Thebes is suffering from a plague.
Plants, animals, and - Hanover-Horton High, people are all dying. The people know Oedipus is not a god, but they believe that some god inspired him to solve the riddle of the sphinx and save the town. And since Oedipus has been king, he has done a splendid job. So now people look to him to find a cure for the plague. Oedipus explains (really for Apa Style Essay the audience's benefit) that he has sent Creon (Jocasta's brother) to the oracle of the Sports Reminder - Hanover-Horton High School, god Apollo at Delphi to get an answer. He's late returning, but as soon as he gets back, Oedipus promises to do whatever the oracle says. Just then, Creon arrives.
Since it's good news, he is wearing laurel leaves with berries around his head. Creon says, All's well that ends well. (I'm told that the Greeks loved irony.) Apollo said that the Sample, killer of Sports Physicals - Hanover-Horton High School, Laius must be found and banished, and the plague will end. And Apollo has promised that a diligent investigation will reveal the killer. Oedipus asks to review the facts. All that is known is Examples that Laius left for Delphi and never returned. (Don't ask what Oedipus did with the bodies of Laius and his crew.) There was no immediate investigation, because of the sphinx problem. One of Laius's men escaped, and walked back to Thebes. Reminder High Sports. (Don't ask what Oedipus did with Laius's horses and chariot.) By the time he got back, Oedipus was being hailed as king. The witness said Laius was killed by a gang of robbers. (We can already figure out why the witness lied.
And we'll learn later that he asked immediately to be transferred away from Thebes, and Legal Cease And Desist Letter | Docoments Ojazlink, has been gone ever since.) Oedipus reflects that if the killers are still at large, they are still a danger. He decides to issue a policy statement to help find the killer. The chorus, in a song, calls on the various gods (including Triple Artemis, in her aspects as huntress, moon-goddess, and goddess of dark sorcery), to save them from the plague and from the evil god Ares, who is Sports Reminder - Hanover-Horton High ordinarily the god of war but is here the Resume For Office Manager Medical, god of general mass death. Oedipus issues a policy statement, that whoever comes forward with information about the murder of Laius will be rewarded, and that if the killer himself confesses, he will not be punished beyond having to leave the city permanently. On the Sports High Sports, other hand, if anyone conceals the Resume Medical. Fotos, killer, Oedipus says he will be cursed. Oedipus continues that he will pursue the investigation just as if Laius were my own father. Sports. (Irony.) The Chorus says that Apollo ought to come right out and say who the 8+ Education Powerpoint Samples, Examples, Format, murderer is. (The Chorus's job is to say what ordinary people think.) Oedipus says, Nobody can make the gods do what they don't want to. The chorus suggests bringing in the blind psychic, Teiresias. Especially, they hope he can find the missing witness to the killing.
In those days, the Greeks believed that human psychics got their insights from the gods. There are other stories about Teiresias. As a young man, he ran into Physicals Reminder High Sports, some magic snakes and got his gender changed for seven years. This enabled him to tell whether the male or the female enjoys sex more. This was a secret known only to the gods, so he was punished with permanent blindness.
Teiresias comes in. Oedipus asks his help finding the For Office Medical., killers, ending up by saying, The greatest thing you can do with your life is to use all your special talents to help others unselfishly. Teiresias says cryptically, It's a terrible thing to be wise when there's nothing you can do. (As A.A. Reminder - Hanover-Horton High. Milne would say later, and perhaps Oedipus too, When ignorance is bliss, it is folly to Resume For Office Manager Medical Office Manager be wise.) Teiresias says, I want to go home. Oedipus calls him unpatriotic. Teiresias says, Your words are wide of the mark ( hamartia ). Our expression in English is You're missing the point. (Originally an archery target was a point.) We'll hear about hamartia again. Teiresias continues to stonewall, and Oedipus gets very angry. Finally Teiresias gives in, says Oedipus is the killer, and adds that he is living in shame with his closest relative. Oedipus goes ballistic and calls Teiresias some bad things based on his being blind. (Irony.) Teiresias says, You'll see soon. Oedipus understandably thinks this is a political trick to smear him, with Teiresias and - Hanover-Horton High Sports, Creon in cahoots.
Oedipus adds that Teiresias can't be much of a psychic, because he hadn't been able to handle the sphinx problem. The Chorus tells both men to Cease | Docoments cool down. Teiresias leaves, predicting disaster. Physicals - Hanover-Horton School. Soon Oedipus will learn the truth and be a blind exile, leaning on his staff. The Chorus sings about the oracle at Delphi, which was supposedly the center of the world. Gods are omniscient, but the chorus has its doubts about human psychics like Teiresias. Especially, they cannot believe Oedipus is a killer. Creon comes in, incensed that Oedipus would accuse him of Pharmacy Examples, trying to smear him. The Chorus says Oedipus is Sports Physicals Reminder - Hanover-Horton School simply angry. Creon says he must be nuts. The Chorus says that to the king's faults and And Desist Letter, misbehavior, they are blind. (See no evil, hear no evil, speak no evil -- the norm in a non-democracy.) Oedipus comes in Sports School, and accuses Creon directly of planning a coup, using a smear by Religious - Powerpoint a crooked psychic as an excuse.
They exchange angry words. Oedipus asks why Teiresias never mentioned knowing the killer until today. Sports. Creon can't explain this. He defends himself from the accusation of planning a coup. Recommendation Letters. (1) Being king is Sports too much trouble. (2) Creon has other worthwhile things to do. (3) Creon has everything he needs. (4) Creon has political influence anyway. (5) Creon is well-liked and isn't going to do an 8+ Education Powerpoint Examples, Format, obvious wrong. Sports. You build a good reputation over a lifetime. Resume For Office Medical. Manager. A single bad action ruins it. Irony. Oedipus isn't satisfied. He says he wants Creon executed for Sports - Hanover-Horton High treason. The shouting-match continues until Jocasta comes in Powerpoint - Free Samples, Examples, Format, and tells them to Sports Physicals School break it up, there's too much trouble already. The Chorus says it agrees, and tells Jocasta that both men are at fault.
Creon leaves, and Manager Fotos Medical, Jocasta asks what's happened. The Chorus talks about Sports Physicals - Hanover-Horton School, what a fine king Oedipus has been, and says, Let's forget the whole business with Teiresias's prophecy. The Chorus uses a variant of the proverb, Let sleeping dogs lie. It's better not to ask about things that can make trouble. Irony.
Oedipus talks about it anyway. Jocasta says, Well, I don't believe in psychics. I'll prove it. Laius and I were told that our baby would kill him and marry me. Religious Backgrounds. But this never happened, because we left the baby to die in Physicals School, the woods. Religious Ppt Background Backgrounds. And the witness said that Laius was killed at that place where three roads meet by Sports Physicals - Hanover-Horton High Sports robbers. Uh-oh, says Oedipus.
Which three roads? Irony. Jocasta says, It's where the roads from Thebes, Delphi, and Daulis meet. And it happened just before you solved the riddle of the sphinx and became king. Oedipus is upset. He asks Zeus (chief god), What are you doing to me? He asks Jocasta for a description. Jocasta says, Tall, a little gray in his hair, and you know something, he looked a lot like you. Irony. Oedipus continues his questioning. The one witness, seeing Oedipus as the new king, asked for a distant transfer.
He was a good man, and Jocasta didn't know why he wanted away, but she granted his request. Oedipus tells his story. He was going to the oracles to find out whether he was adopted. Sample. All of them told him simply that he would kill his father and marry his mother. As he was traveling alone at the place Jocasta has mentioned, he met a group of men going in Reminder - Hanover-Horton High School, the opposite direction. The men, including the leader, started insulting him. Religious - Powerpoint Backgrounds For Free. Sophocles makes it sound like like a gang of rough men just hassling a lone stranger for fun. One of the men shoved Oedipus. Sports Physicals Sports. Oedipus punched him back. The leader struck Oedipus treacherously on the back of the head with the horse staff, Oedipus turned and 8+ Education - Free Examples,, hit the leader in the chest with his own staff, knocking him out Sports, of the chariot. Then Oedipus managed to kill them all except for the one who ran away.
It was justifiable, self-defense. But Oedipus is devastated. He says he must be the Solutions Recommendation Letters, killer of Laius, and Reminder High Sports, he is ashamed that he has been having sex with his victim's wife. Oedipus says This is too terrible to have happened naturally -- it must be the malicious work of some god or other. He says he will simply leave the city, now, and let the plague end. He adds that he cannot go back to Corinth, for fear of killing his own father and marrying his own mother. The Chorus is deeply sympathetic to Oedipus, and Sample Essay, appreciative of his willingness to Physicals High School Sports go voluntarily into exile to Pharmacy Examples save the city. They say, Before you make your final decision, try to Physicals - Hanover-Horton High find the last witness. Maybe he will exonerate you.
And Oedipus notes, The witness did say it was robbers, plural. Jocasta adds, Whatever happens, I'll never believe in psychics or oracles. Laius was prophesied to Solutions Recommendation die by the hand of his own child. The Chorus sings a puzzling song about how (1) we have to obey the gods; (2) the Physicals - Hanover-Horton School, gods's best gift is good government; (3) if the government is Resume For Office Medical. bad, there is no reason to be good; (4) nobody believes in Sports Reminder - Hanover-Horton High Sports, oracles any more. Jocasta comes in, having visited the local shrines and left little offerings, and asks people to join her in Pharmacy Essay, praying for the distraught Oedipus. He's our leader, and we need him now.
She prays to Apollo to make this disastrous situation better. Irony. Just then, a messenger comes in from Corinth. He says Lucky Jocasta, you lucky wife! (Actually, Blessed is your marriage bed! Irony.) The king of Corinth has died, and the Corinthians have chosen Oedipus to be their new king. (Greek city-states were often elective monarchies.) Jocasta says, Great news. And Oedipus will be especially pleased, because now the oracle about him killing his father is void.
You see, I was right not to believe in oracles. Irony. Oedipus comes in, hears the - Hanover-Horton, news, and says, Maybe the oracle has been fulfilled figuratively; perhaps he died of Manager Medical Manager, grief for my absence. But I'm still worried about marrying my mother. Physicals. Jocasta says, Forget it. Life is governed by chance, not destiny. Maybe you'll dream about Examples, marrying your mother.
You should ignore dreams. Oedipus is still worried. When he explains to the messenger, the man cracks up and Sports High School Sports, says, Well, I've got some good news for you. You don't have to worry about marrying the Global Solutions, lady you've called mother. because you're adopted! All hell breaks loose. Oedipus questions the messenger, and learns the messenger had been herding sheep, had met a shepherd who had found Oedipus, had taken the Sports Reminder High, baby, had taken the pin out of his ankles, and - Powerpoint, had given him to the king and queen of Corinth to raise as their own. Oedipus is starting to wonder about what has always been wrong with his feet. Oedipus says, It's time to Sports clear this up. Send for the other shepherd. Jocasta realizes exactly what has happened.
Jocasta begs Oedipus NOT to And Desist | Docoments pursue the matter. Oedipus says he has to know. (If Oedipus wasn't so intent on getting to the truth, there'd be no play.) Jocasta runs out horribly upset. Oedipus is Physicals - Hanover-Horton a little slower, and thinks, Perhaps she's upset to find out I'm not really of royal blood. Production Solutions Letters. But what the - Hanover-Horton Sports, heck -- I'm 'Destiny's child' -- and that's something to be proud of! I'm me.
Irony. The Chorus sing a song in honor of Apollo, and of the woods where Oedipus was found. The say the spot will become famous. Perhaps Oedipus is the child of Solutions Letters, nymphs and satyrs. Irony. The other shepherd is brought in.
He already has figured things out, and pretends he doesn't remember. Then he begs the other messenger to be quiet. But Oedipus insists on the truth. It comes out. Physicals - Hanover-Horton Sports. Jocasta and Laius crippled the And Desist | Docoments Ojazlink, baby and put it in the woods to foil a prophecy. Oedipus had, indeed, always wondered what was wrong with his feet. Now everybody knows the truth. Oedipus rushes out.
The Chorus sings a song about how transient happiness is, what a splendid king Oedipus has been, and how Oedipus is now the victim of destiny. The next scene is an extremely graphic account, by an eyewitness. Jocasta ran into the bedroom, screaming. She locked the door from inside. A few minutes later, Oedipus came in, and broke down the door with what seemed to be supernatural strength. He found Jocasta dead, hanging.
Oedipus took the body down, then removed the pin that held up her dress. He stabbed it again and again into - Hanover-Horton School, his eyes, saying he has looked at his mother's naked body when he shouldn't, and he has learned what he now wishes he hadn't. The blood didn't merely dribble, as after a single needlestick. It gushed on both sides. For this to Pharmacy Examples happen, the Reminder High, choroidal artery that enters the eye from behind must be severed. We can think that Oedipus has actually torn the globes from their sockets. Oedipus now begs to be taken out of the city (so that the plague will end), but he has no strength and no guide. Oedipus comes in. Evidently Oedipus passed out after blinding himself, and he curses the person who resuscitated him. The Chorus asks, How were you able to rip out For Office Manager Medical. Fotos Manager, your eyeballs?
Oedipus replies, Apollo gave me the Sports - Hanover-Horton High School, strength to 8+ Education Powerpoint Samples, do it. Creon is the new king. He is not angry, merely kind. He helps Oedipus up and out of the city, guided by his two daughters. Staff in Physicals Reminder - Hanover-Horton High, hand, Oedipus himself is the answer to the riddle of the sphinx. Oedipus says that some incredible destiny must surely await him.
But the Chorus ends with a reflection on how transient human happiness often is: Don't say anybody is fortunate until that person is dead -- the final rest, free from pain. (There is an echo here of Solon's words to Croesus -- don't assume that any particular life will end happily. Is the Global Production, sense the same here, or different?) What is Sophocles saying? To discern an author's intentions, look for material that is not required by the plot or intended simply to please the audience. In retelling the story of Reminder - Hanover-Horton Sports, Oedipus, Sophocles goes beyond mere irony.
A major theme in the play is whether one can believe in Cease And Desist Letter | Docoments Ojazlink, oracles and psychics. Sports Reminder High Sports. By extension, the question is whether the Pharmacy Essay, Greeks believed their own mythology. Sophocles makes a special effort to explain that Oedipus killed Laius in self-defense. More generally, Sophocles goes out of his way to present Oedipus as an Sports Physicals - Hanover-Horton School, extremely capable, beloved administrator. Conspicuously, Sophocles NEVER suggests that Oedipus has brought his destiny on himself by any ungodly pride ( hybris ) or tragic flaw ( hamartia ). The last lines seem ambiguous. They could mean that the dead are more fortunate than the living, because they do not experience pain. Is life really that bad? The gods made the prophecies that led Oedipus into disaster. The sphinx appeared (she must have been sent by the gods), and Pharmacy Essay, Oedipus solved her riddle (the chorus says he must have been guided by the gods.) Teiresias could not solve the Physicals School Sports, riddle, or detect the killer -- thanks to the gods.
At the beginning, Apollo's oracle simply says, Find the killer -- leading to the cruel ironies of the play. Oedipus specifically says the gods set up his extraordinary misfortune. And at the end, Apollo merely gives Oedipus the strength to And Desist | Docoments carve his own eyes out of their sockets. In other words, Sophocles says that Oedipus's frightful misadventure is the Sports Physicals - Hanover-Horton High School, intentional work of the gods. At the end, everybody says this. Pure and simple. Nobody even asks why. The Golden Age of Athens was a time for thinkers, scientists, inventors, and for Pharmacy Essay Examples people to share ideas freely. Sports Reminder - Hanover-Horton School Sports. Greeks were very impressed with reason, and must surely have been asking whether they still believed in their mythology. Social conservatives prosecuted Socrates for expressing doubts about the gods, but only because they thought this would corrupt the minds of young people. Manager Medical Office Manager. (Does this sound familiar?) People have often noted that comedy and melodrama have arisen independently in Physicals Reminder High School Sports, many cultures, but that tragedy has its unique beginnings in Athens's golden age -- the Ppt Background For Free, first time that we hear people asking the tough questions about what they really believed.
The idea that Sophocles is Reminder - Hanover-Horton putting forward is much like the dark supernatural suggestions that Stephen King offers our own doubting age. Stephen King and his readers don't really believe in his creepy monsters. And I don't know whether Sophocles really believed the message of Oedipus the King. Sophocles is saying, Maybe the Global Production Recommendation, gods do exist. and Sports Reminder, are consciously and elaborately MALICIOUS. This is the only reason that such terrible things could happen to people. Aristotle's Poetics are lecture notes on poetry, with a focus on tragedy. Apa Style Sample. Aristotle liked to classify and evaluate things, and also liked to talk about human virtue and vice. Reminder - Hanover-Horton High School Sports. Eventually, this got him the best teaching job of his time, as tutor to the boy who became Alexander the Great. Aristotle is Global Production Recommendation Letters reacting in part against Plato's objection to art and theater. Aristotle was especially interested in justifying tragedy to an audience concerned with public morals.
I am quoting below from the Sports Reminder High Sports, translation of the Poetics by S.H. Barber. After introducing his subject, Aristotle talks about the subject of tragedy. Since the objects of imitation are men in action, and these men must be either of a higher or a lower type (for moral character mainly answers to Solutions Recommendation Letters these divisions, goodness and badness being the distinguishing marks of Physicals Reminder Sports, moral differences), it follows that we must represent men either as better than in real life, or as worse, or as they are. Apa Style Sample Essay. It is the same in painting. Polygnotus depicted men as nobler than they are, Pauson as less noble, Dionysius drew them true to life. -- II. In other words, when you paint or play a person, you can idealize him, you can lampoon him, or you can try for realism. Aristotle continues. The same distinction marks off Tragedy from Comedy; for Comedy aims at representing men as worse, Tragedy as better than in actual life. -- II. Aristotle means both better-spoken and of better moral character.
Aristotle goes on to explain why people make poetry in the first place. He decides that there's an Sports Physicals High School, instinct to mimic things, and people like the imitations of others because it's fun to recognize things. He continues. Poetry now diverged in two directions, according to | Docoments Ojazlink the individual character of the writers. Sports Physicals - Hanover-Horton High Sports. The graver spirits imitated noble actions, and the actions of good men. The more trivial sort imitated the actions of meaner persons, at first composing satires, as the Manager Manager, former did hymns to the gods and the praises of famous men. -- IV. Aristotle adds that the tragedians were the Physicals Reminder - Hanover-Horton High School, successors of the epic poets, who also focused on high and Pharmacy Examples, noble deeds. Aristotle wonders whether Tragedy will ever be better than it was in his era. Physicals School Sports. He tells about its origins in improvisation, and its recent history. Aeschylus first introduced a second actor; he diminished the Powerpoint - Free Examples,, importance of the Chorus, and assigned the leading part to Sports - Hanover-Horton the dialogue.
Sophocles raised the number of actors to three, and added scene-painting. -- IV Originally, tragedies were songs sung by Templates - Free Format a chorus. Then one member would take the High, role of a character. Aeschylus added a second speaking part apart from the Legal Letter | Docoments, chorus. Sophocles added a third, and introduced stage scenery. Now Aristotle moves into the famous definition of tragedy. Tragedy, then, is an imitation of an action that is serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude; in language embellished with each kind of artistic ornament, the several kinds being found in separate parts of the play; in the form of action, not of narrative; through pity and fear effecting the Physicals - Hanover-Horton School, proper purgation of these emotions. -- VI. Tragedy must be a unified story, about something important. Aristotle would say later that tragedy should involve high-ranking people. He doesn't give any reason that makes sense. Probably he thought that the great themes of life required larger-than-life characters.
Arthur Miller would write about a salesman as a tragic hero, Willy Low-Man. And a comic hero would be Truman -- the one true-man in a world that deceives him. The end of the paragraph begins the business that has caused all the trouble. Production Solutions Letters. Purging means taking a laxative (our word cathartic for Reminder a laxative comes from the Essay, Greek term catharsis, which you already know). You watch a tragedy to have a good cry, and Sports Physicals - Hanover-Horton High, get rid of your ideas about bad things happening to Medical. Fotos good people. Every Tragedy, therefore, must have six parts, which parts determine its quality- namely, Plot, Character, Diction, Thought, Spectacle, Song. -- VI. Aristotle goes on to explain what these are. Plot: the story; the good ones focus on a single episode.
Character: the Physicals High School, personalities of the characters, as shown in their words and actions. (Considering the limitations of the form, the Greeks did a nice job of Legal And Desist Letter, drawing character.) Diction: the Physicals - Hanover-Horton School, right choice of words. Aristotle points out - Powerpoint For Free, how effective using just the right word can be. Thought: Arguments and Reminder - Hanover-Horton School, exposition. Legal Cease And Desist Letter Ojazlink. Aristotle compares it to rhetoric. Spectacle: as we'd say, special effects.
Not so much the poet's business as the stage-specialist's. Song: words joined to music. What is Sports Physicals Reminder - Hanover-Horton High missing? Aristotle never mentions theme , the thoughts about life on which tragedies can be based. Aristotle was a very smart person, and the Greek tragedies remain popular today, not as museum pieces, but as comments on Cease And Desist Letter, life.
Yet Aristotle is silent on this important element of tragedy. As you continue to study literature, you'll constantly look for Reminder Sports themes. I like Shakespeare, and like the ancient Greeks, his themes are often troubling. Macbeth gets much of its impact from its central question -- Is life really a meaningless exercise in a dog-eat-dog world? Hamlet focuses on the phoniness and meanness of human society. Hamlet starts by wishing he was dead. At the end, he comes to terms with life as many modern secularists do, deciding to live and love well in an unfair world. The themes of Romeo and Juliet were radical in Shakespeare's time. Global Production Letters. Shakespeare changed the messsage of his source (which was a cautionary tale for High teenagers to obey their parents instead of making their own decisions.) Young people should be allowed to - Powerpoint For Free choose their own husbands and wives. The disasters of young people -- even a godawful teenaged murder-suicide -- can sometimes be rightly blamed on their parents.
And love gives happiness and dignity even in the worst circumstances. Antony and Cleopatra asks the age-old question: Does illicit love ennoble people, or just degrade them? King Lear reaches a conclusion similar to Physicals - Hanover-Horton Sports Oedipus the King, but with the idea that unselfish human love can, at least temporarily, give beauty and meaning in 8+ Education Powerpoint Templates - Free Examples, Format, a godless world. Aristotle, the school-teacher, is Sports Physicals High School Sports actually steering his students AWAY from looking for themes. Aristotle goes on to say that the plot is 8+ Education Templates - Free Samples, Examples, best kept unified, without subplots, and the action not covering more then 24 hours. Physicals School. Subjects from mythology are traditional but not mandatory. (Aristotle thought people would be more willing to suspend disbelief if the stories came from accepted mythology.) If there are to be coincidences, they should seem to make sense. But again, Tragedy is an imitation not only of a complete action, but of events inspiring fear or pity. Such an Resume For Office Office, effect is best produced when the Sports - Hanover-Horton School Sports, events come on us by Essay surprise; and the effect is heightened when, at the same time, they follow as cause and effect.
The tragic wonder will then be greater than if they happened of themselves or by accident; for even coincidences are most striking when they have an air of design. Sports Reminder School Sports. We may instance the statue of Mitys at Argos, which fell upon And Desist | Docoments his murderer while he was a spectator at a festival, and Sports - Hanover-Horton School Sports, killed him. Powerpoint Templates. Such events seem not to be due to High School mere chance. Plots, therefore, constructed on these principles are necessarily the best. Medical. Fotos Medical. -- IX. Coincidences are crowd-pleasers, and Sports Physicals - Hanover-Horton High Sports, people are willing to suspend disbelief in them. (People want to believe in magic.) A character today might say that the Sample, falling statue expressed the will of the Force. Aristotle launches into a big discussion about simple vs. complex plots. The best plots are complex, with twists or irony (he calls both of these reversal of the Sports Physicals High, situation) or bombshells (recognition scenes).
Aristotle describes a scene of suffering as characteristic of Religious Ppt Background - Powerpoint Backgrounds For Free, tragedy; it depicts somebody suffering physically or dying onstage. A perfect tragedy should, as we have seen, be arranged not on the simple but on Sports Physicals - Hanover-Horton High School Sports, the complex plan. It should, moreover, imitate actions which excite pity and fear, this being the Apa Style Essay, distinctive mark of tragic imitation. It follows plainly, in the first place, that the change of fortune presented must not be the Sports Physicals, spectacle of Pharmacy Examples, a virtuous man brought from - Hanover-Horton School Sports prosperity to adversity: for this moves neither pity nor fear; it merely shocks us. Nor, again, that of Resume For Office Manager Medical, a bad man passing from adversity to prosperity: for nothing can be more alien to the spirit of Tragedy; it possesses no single tragic quality; it neither satisfies the moral sense nor calls forth pity or fear.
Nor, again, should the downfall of the utter villain be exhibited. A plot of this kind would, doubtless, satisfy the moral sense, but it would inspire neither pity nor fear; for pity is Sports Physicals Reminder High aroused by unmerited misfortune, fear by the misfortune of Production Letters, a man like ourselves. Such an event, therefore, will be neither pitiful nor terrible. There remains, then, the character between these two extremes- that of a man who is not eminently good and just, yet whose misfortune is brought about not by vice or depravity, but by some error or frailty . He must be one who is Physicals - Hanover-Horton High School Sports highly renowned and prosperous -- a personage like Oedipus, Thyestes, or other illustrious men of such families. -- XIII This passage continues to Cease Letter Ojazlink cause problems. Plays about bad people ending up happy don't satisfy Aristotle. (Beavis and Sports Physicals - Hanover-Horton High School Sports, Butt-Head Do America doesn't fit Aristotle's definition of tragedy.) Plays about Resume Manager Manager, thoroughly bad people getting their just deserts in Physicals High Sports, the end don't work because we can't identify with the bad guy. (Richard III doesn't fit Aristotle's definition of a tragedy, either.) Finally, Aristotle cannot imagine that a tragedy could deal with disaster befalling a completely sympathetic character. Templates Samples, Format. He says this would merely shock us. But Oedipus the King DOES shock us, and is intended to do so. Why is Aristotle avoiding the obvious? We'll soon see.
A well-constructed plot should, therefore, be single in - Hanover-Horton High School, its issue, rather than double as some maintain. Resume Manager Medical. Medical Office. The change of fortune should be not from bad to good, but, reversely, from good to bad. It should come about as the result not of Sports School Sports, vice, but of some great error or frailty, in a character either such as we have described, or better rather than worse. Legal Cease And Desist | Docoments. The practice of the stage bears out our view. -- XIII. By double plots, Aristotle is referring to serious plays that have a disaster in the middle, but a happy ending. Aristotle considers these to be inferior, but admits that many people prefer them.
In the Sports Reminder High, second rank comes the kind of tragedy which some place first. Like the Odyssey, it has a double thread of Ppt Background - Powerpoint Backgrounds, plot, and also an opposite catastrophe for Sports Physicals the good and for the bad. It is accounted the best because of the 8+ Education Powerpoint Samples, Format, weakness of the spectators; for Reminder the poet is guided in what he writes by the wishes of Essay, his audience. The pleasure, however, thence derived is not the true tragic pleasure. It is proper rather to Comedy, where those who, in the piece, are the Sports Physicals School Sports, deadliest enemies -- like Orestes and Aegisthus -- quit the stage as friends at the close, and no one slays or is slain. Religious Ppt Background - Powerpoint. -- XIII This only makes sense if you share Aristotle's assumption that the purpose of serious drama is to make you have a good scare and Sports Physicals - Hanover-Horton Sports, a good cry and go back to thinking that real-life is more fair.
Aristotle goes on to explain that the best plots and the best scripts themselves arouse pity and fear, and that the Examples,, best plays don't even need the special effects. Fear and pity may be aroused by spectacular means; but they may also result from the Physicals School Sports, inner structure of the piece, which is the better way, and Powerpoint Templates Samples, Format, indicates a superior poet. For the plot ought to be so constructed that, even without the aid of the Physicals - Hanover-Horton School Sports, eye, he who hears the Religious Ppt Background Backgrounds, tale told will thrill with horror and melt to pity at what takes place. This is the impression we should receive from Sports - Hanover-Horton hearing the story of the Oedipus. -- XIV. Aristotle goes on. Let us then determine what are the circumstances which strike us as terrible or pitiful. -- XIV They are aroused especially when people kill friends or family.
The killer may or may not know what he/she is doing. It can happen onstage, or be discovered, as (Aristotle points out) in Oedipus the King. Aristotle was a product of his times. In respect of Character there are four things to be aimed at. First, and most important, it must be good. Now any speech or action that manifests moral purpose of Production Letters, any kind will be expressive of character: the character will be good if the purpose is good. This rule is relative to each class. Even a woman may be good, and also a slave; though the High Sports, woman may be said to be an inferior being, and Religious - Powerpoint Backgrounds For Free, the slave quite worthless.
The second thing to aim at is propriety. There is Sports Physicals - Hanover-Horton Sports a type of Global Recommendation, manly valor; but valor in a woman, or unscrupulous cleverness is inappropriate. Physicals Reminder - Hanover-Horton High School. -- XV. We do not have to be left-wing activists or injustice-collectors to 8+ Education Powerpoint - Free despise this kind of sexism and Sports Physicals High School Sports, classism. Pharmacy Examples. But the truth is that on the Greek stage, the women are as interesting, sympathetic, intelligent and Sports Physicals School Sports, brave as the men -- an Apa Style Sample, obvious fact that Aristotle ignores. Aristotle goes on Sports Physicals Reminder - Hanover-Horton High, to say that characters should be believable, the kinds of people we meet in life, and that characters should be consistent. Aristotle has a problem with Euripides's Iphegenia in Aulis, which tells the story of a sudden decision for heroic altruism. It remains to speak of Diction and Sample, Thought, the other parts of Tragedy having been already discussed. Sports Reminder High Sports. Concerning Thought, we may assume what is said in Essay, the Rhetoric, to which inquiry the subject more strictly belongs.
Under Thought is included every effect which has to Reminder - Hanover-Horton High be produced by speech, the subdivisions being: proof and refutation; the excitation of the feelings, such as pity, fear, anger, and the like; the suggestion of importance or its opposite. Now, it is evident that the dramatic incidents must be treated from the same points of view as the dramatic speeches, when the object is to evoke the Essay, sense of pity, fear, importance, or probability. -- XIX. Aristotle talks about realism, which is a curious topic when talking about Sports Reminder - Hanover-Horton School Sports, tales from Manager Medical. Manager Greek mythology. Further, if it be objected that the description is not true to Sports Physicals Reminder Sports fact, the Global Production Solutions Recommendation, poet may perhaps reply, But the objects are as they ought to be; just as Sophocles said that he drew men as they ought to be; Euripides, as they are. In this way the Sports Physicals High, objection may be met. If, however, the representation be of neither kind, the poet may answer, This is 8+ Education Templates how men say the Sports Reminder High, thing is, applies to tales about the gods. It may well be that these stories are not higher than fact nor yet true to fact: they are, very possibly, what Xenophanes says of them. -- XXV. Xenophanes came out and said it -- the tales of Greek Mythology are fiction.
Aristotle knows this is important, but once again, he avoided the rough issue. Somebody may ask you about - Free Format, Sophocles portraying people as they should be, and Euripides portraying people as they are. Sophocles shows Oedipus as gracious, capable, and altruistic. Sophocles has Ajax write a magnificent suicide note and end a useful life rather than live with the stigma of mental illness. Sophocles has Orestes kill his own mother without a lick of regret, making a speech about how everybody who breaks any law should be summarily executed. Euripides, by contrast, shows a woman murdering her two children in cold blood just to get back at their father. You can have fun examining this further.
I think I understand. Aristotle got paid to tell young people that if they lived good lives, really bad things wouldn't happen to them. To explain why they saw really bad things happening to good people onstage, Aristotle gave two (contradictory) answers. 1. When something really bad happens to a good person in Physicals Reminder - Hanover-Horton Sports, a tragedy, it is because that person has a tragic flaw. 2. Backgrounds For Free. When something really bad happens to - Hanover-Horton Sports a good person in a tragedy, it is just make-believe. It is so you can have a good scare and Examples, a good cry.
This gets these emotions out of your system. Sports Physicals. You can go back to the real world, where life is fair. It's bunk, intended to keep people from complaining about Sophocles's devastating theme. Aristotle may have been the first schoolteacher to smokescreen Sophocles's message that the gods might be malicious. He may have thought he was right to do so. Aristotle's popularity among schoolteachers has helped hide Sophocles's grim idea. Pharmacy Essay. Even today, students are forced to write essays about tragic flaws and Reminder School Sports, purging pity and fear. Somehow, hybris (ungodly pride, arrogance, and so forth) has come to Religious - Powerpoint For Free be identified as the usual tragic fault. I cannot understand why -- the idea does not seem to be Aristotle's. But whenever something bad happens to a basically good person in a tragedy, students are invited to see hybris. (Hubris is the same word; the Sports - Hanover-Horton High, Greek letter upsilon looks like our Y and is its origin, but the sound was more like the uhh that I make when I have no idea what to Apa Style say.) In Antigone , Sophocles has the chorus specifically call Creon on his hybris, i.e., his impious decree intended to promote national security. I have seen this section from Antigone quoted and - Hanover-Horton, said to be from Oedipus the King, as proof that Oedipus has a tragic flaw of hybris.
In Aeschylus's Agamemnon , the murderess gets the Essay, victim to do a vainglorious, un-Greek walk down a red carpet in - Hanover-Horton School Sports, order to gain public support after the murder. Production Solutions Recommendation. Other characters (Aeschylus's Prometheus, the Reminder High School, victims of Euripides's Dionysus) are punished wrongfully for standing up for what most of Cease Letter | Docoments, us would say is Physicals Reminder - Hanover-Horton High School common sense and genuine goodness. It is For Office Office hard to generalize this. Interestingly, I can't find the idea of hybris in Aristotle's Poetics. During the sixties, we especially resented being told that Antigone's act of civil disobedience / political protest was hybris. You can't defend yourself against an accusation of Sports - Hanover-Horton High School, hybris. I am an honest physician who engages in public debates. Global Solutions. When I catch somebody deliberately deceiving the public, they never defend their cases on the facts, but almost always call me arrogant or elitist. (If you have no case, shout hybris!) Through my Shakespeare site, I often get requests, What is Hamlet's tragic flaw?, etc., etc. I tell people that they're asking the wrong question, and to look instead at what the author is really saying about Sports - Hanover-Horton Sports, life. If Aristotle and his successors had been free to speak the truth clearly, here are some points that would come up in discussion and with which most students (then and now) would probably agree.
In our world, very bad things do sometimes happen to very good people. Your chief security comes from Essay what people know you can do well. This results in turn from your natural abilities, your effort, and your good character. It's safest, and the best strategy, to try to be a good person. It's fun to be scared at Physicals Reminder School shows, and to cry. But we don't want to be rid of Essay Examples, these emotions, but to feel them most intensely. Perhaps we can also bring back, from a good play or movie, something that will help us make sense of ourselves, our neighbors, and our world. Oedipus seeks the Physicals Reminder - Hanover-Horton High School Sports, truth about himself despite the Resume Medical. Fotos Medical Office, warnings that it will not bring him happiness.
We cannot blame Aristotle for the centuries of ignorance during which his authority was used to Sports High School Sports limit free inquiry. But today, most people admire those who bravely seek the Production Solutions Recommendation Letters, truth about nature, and Physicals Reminder - Hanover-Horton High School, about themselves. It is a modern, rather than an 8+ Education - Free Format, Aristotelian, theme. Greek serious drama (tragedy) reaches an intensity that remains unsurpassed. Serious drama did go on, after the Sports Reminder High Sports, Greeks, to become richer in many ways, including variety of plot, character, and theme. Much of the power of serious literature (like tragedy, and like the comedies of Legal Cease And Desist Letter | Docoments, Aristophanes and Shakespeare) comes from the - Hanover-Horton School, philosophical issues that it raises. We do not have to be frightened when we run into a theme with which we disagree. If history teaches us anything, it is that we need to be more frightened of Global Solutions Recommendation Letters, people who would restrict the free sharing of ideas, or force a stupid right-wing or left-wing ideology on us.
Young people naturally discuss whether the stories they hear in church are true, and perhaps even whether the Sports Physicals Reminder Sports, universe itself might be malevolent. (Today's teens enjoy the tongue-in-cheek adventure game, Call of Pharmacy, Cthulhu, in which the spiritual powers of the universe are insanely cruel, though less subtle.) Whether or not Sophocles was serious in putting this latter idea forward, simply recognizing that he has done so will not corrupt the morals of young people. Every person must find his or her own answer to Sports the mystery of why bad things happen to good people in a universe supposedly under God's control. Yet even if people reach different conclusions, and Religious Ppt Background - Powerpoint Backgrounds For Free, express them freely, people can usually still live and work together in peace and good-will. Few thinking people, then or now, will credit the idea that Apollo, or one of his counterparts, deliberately engineers disasters. But Sophocles's theme rings partially true to those of us who approach the universe with a sense of Sports Physicals Reminder - Hanover-Horton School, awe, as a mystery where perhaps there is Ppt Background - Powerpoint Backgrounds For Free more than there appears to Physicals Reminder - Hanover-Horton High School Sports be. They may not have told you that hamartia is the word used in the original Greek of the New Testament for Ppt Background - Powerpoint For Free sin. The King James Version has 172 instances.
Jim Donahoe's essay on Oedipus's tragic flaw is School no longer online. In the Backgrounds, end however, Oedipus becomes more humble and accepts his fate. He becomes a better person and is better off after his fall. Dr. Physicals High. Black, from Malaspina College (link now down) wrote that Oedipus's flaw is his special ability to solve riddles, his detective ability, one might say, or his intellect. Yet this is a form of hubris -- the belief that one can understand, read, predict, control the future etc. through one's native wit, and - Free, this is what brings him down, despite several warnings to give up the hunt. Reason = Apollo. Myth Man. Oedipus. brought about his own downfall because of his excessive obsession to know himself. I'm honored to be the Physicals High, source of his quotation (Thus, some say that the moral of the Legal And Desist Letter | Docoments Ojazlink, story is, Even if you try to thwart your destiny, you won't succeed.).
Link is now down. University of Pennsylvania classics department essay on Oedipus's tragic flaw . in this account, his basic flaw is his lack of knowledge about his own identity. The writer is fair enough to point out that unlike other tragic heroes, Oedipus bears no responsibility for his flaw. You can decide for yourself whether this fits with Aristotle's use of the term, taken in context. Ian Johnston -- also offers a free translation (thanks!) Points out themes common to Physicals Reminder High world literature prior to the decline in religious belief. Who does control our lives? What sort of Manager Fotos, relationship do we have to that divine force? Concludes that Oedipus has no moral failures, and that his flaw is Sports Physicals Reminder Sports his very excellence -- and this also gives him his tragic greatness.
Letters on the Classics People always think that because Aristotle said a tragic hero's downfall should be due to a tragic flaw (hamartia) , and Aristotle admired King Oedipus above all tragedies, therefore Oedipus must have a flaw. [This is a false premise under Aristotle's very own logic.] And so they have struggled to find one. 8+ Education Samples, Examples,. The whole business of 'tragic flaws' is something that English and Drama teachers have got hold of from some book they read when they were students. No one these days who has actually studied Greek tragedy believes there is any such thing. Tragic Flaws . . I realized something quite interesting: just about everything Aristle says about tragic heroes is wrong. Aristotle had postulated the principle of the tragic flaw in Sports Reminder School Sports, tragedy. A hero, who is mostly good, makes some sort of Legal Letter, mistake related to acharacter flaw, usually hybris or pride. Sports - Hanover-Horton. However, from what I read, I realised that tragic heroes are almost never brought down by flaws or by hybris . In fact, in most cases, the protagonist is Backgrounds actually destroyed by his or her virtues. In puzzling over this, I realised that Aristotle is, in fact,not trying to explain exactly what is happening in tragedy but what should be happening. Physicals Reminder High Sports. He is 8+ Education Templates answering a very specific challenge to the very existence of Sports, tragedy presented by For Office Manager Medical. Office Plato in the Republic Book III.
Plato had argued that tragedy corrupted the Sports Physicals High, audience. Powerpoint Samples, Examples,. Aristotle's development of the tragic flaw is a response to - Hanover-Horton High School Sports this challenge. Resume For Office Fotos. The author has a Ph.D. in Ancient and Sports Reminder High Sports, Medieval Philosophy. Link is now down: Cyber Essays to help students. The anonymous author discusses Oedipus the King with reference to Socrates's dictum, The unexamined life is not worth living and (A.A. Winnie the Pooh Milne's dictum) When ignorance is bliss, it is folly to Global Recommendation be wise. Seeking a tragic flaw for Oedipus, the author says that Oedipus would have been better not to have been so curious. What the essay ignores is Physicals Reminder - Hanover-Horton High Sports that Oedipus pursued the truth to save his city, not to amuse himself.
The author avoids this obvious point in Apa Style Sample Essay, drawing his own non-Sophoclean conclusion. It's better not to know. We used to hear this from anti-science college-campus types on Sports Physicals Reminder High School, both the far-right and the far-left, who want to reshape society down ideological lines. You'll have to decide for yourself about this. But like it or not, focusing on 8+ Education - Free Examples,, science over Sports Physicals - Hanover-Horton, make-believe has a lot to do with why whole cities don't die of the plague any more. This essay has been offered for sale (and perhaps still is) by at least two websites set up for students who for whatever reason do not want to write their own papers. I have received no response to my protests. Teachers: Click here to begin your search for online essays intended for Ppt Background would-be plagiarists. Dishonesty was your tragic flaw, kid! Good luck.
Plagtracker.com -- a new, free plagiary-catcher service. Students: If your teacher is at all computer-savvy, and you turn in a paper that you took for School free off the web, you will be caught. Everybody will make fun of you, and you can forget about being a doctor, lawyer, or whatever. That'll be your tragic flaw. Ha ha! Arthur Miller wrote, The flaw, or crack in Examples,, the character [of Oedipus], is really nothing -- and need be nothing -- but his inherent unwillingness to remain passive in the face of what he conceives to be a challenge to his dignity, his image of his rightful status.
Only the passive, only Reminder School Sports, those who accept their lots without active retaliation, are 'flawless.' Most of us are in that category. Apa Style Sample. Miller adds that the terror and the fear that is classically associated with tragedy comes from questioning the Sports Physicals Reminder - Hanover-Horton High Sports, unquestioned. Templates - Free Format. Maybe this is more about Reminder High School, Miller than about Sophocles -- but it was a good thought for 8+ Education Powerpoint - Free Samples, Format the conformist, self-satisfied Fifties. Oedipus -- heroic-fantasy style painting. Jocaste (was Iokaste) -- contemporary novel about Oedipus's wife-mother. Release date Sept. 2004. Re-released 2011.
I'm Ed. You can visit me at my own page and follow the links from there to - Hanover-Horton Sports my autopsy page, my notes on Production Recommendation Letters, disease (the largest one-man online medical show, helping individuals around the world), my Adventure Gaming sites, or any of the Sports Reminder - Hanover-Horton, other sites. Fellow English majors -- Okay, okay, I know the commas are supposed to Production Solutions Recommendation go inside the quotation marks. This became standard to protect fragile bits of movable type. My practice lets me know I'm the one who's typed a particular document.
Teens: Stay away from Physicals Reminder - Hanover-Horton High Sports drugs, work yourself extremely hard in class or at your trade, play sports if and only if you like it, tell the Resume For Office Manager Medical, grownups who support you that you love them (no matter what the circumstances), and Sports Physicals - Hanover-Horton High School, get out of abusive relationships by any means. The best thing anybody can say about 8+ Education Powerpoint - Free Format, you is, That kid likes to work too hard and isn't taking it easy like other young people. Thanks for Physicals - Hanover-Horton High Sports visiting. Health and friendship. To include this page in a bibliography, you may use this format: Friedlander ER (1999) Enjoying Oedipus the King by Sophocles Retrieved Dec. 25, 2003 from http://www.pathguy.com/oedipus.htm. For Modern Language Association sticklers, the Global Solutions Recommendation Letters, name of the site itself is The Pathology Guy and - Hanover-Horton High, the Sponsoring Institution or Organization is Ed Friedlander MD.
Visitors send me this question from time to time. If being a contemporary American means being focused on dirty TV sitcoms, greed, casual sex, big-money sports, shout-and-pout grievance-group politics, televangelism, professional wrestling, crybabies, slot machines, postmodernism, political action committees, and war on drugs profiteering. then the answer is probably Nothing. If a contemporary American can still ask, If there is a God, why do horrible things happen to perfectly good people? And how do we explain this to children? -- then the answer is maybe that Sophocles deals with basic human issues. A week after setting up this site, people are already writing me to tell me that I am wrong, but not why. Ppt Background Backgrounds. Each of Sports Physicals - Hanover-Horton High, three teachers has told me that The class agreed Oedipus caused his own problem. I use the term immoral for the idea that the gods deliberately set up horrible disasters, simply for lack of a better English word. And it seems appropriate to me. (Cliff Notes used the word moral for the idea that the gods are fair and decent.) If you can think of a better one, please let me know. If you are a student writing on Oedipus , perhaps you can find a typically Greek solution.
Athenians often constructed sentences in the form of One the one hand ( men ). and on the other hand ( de ). Ppt Background For Free. Argue both sides. It'll be fun and Sports - Hanover-Horton School Sports, prevent trouble. If your instructor is Recommendation a proponent of one of the three sides of the culture war, you can make him/her happy and still be honest. If your instructor is a conservative religionist (Religious Right, etc., etc.), point out how Sophocles recognizes the falsity of old, heathen mythologies, how their false idols were cruel and amoral, etc., etc. If your instructor is a left-wing social-activist / postmodernist focused on grievance-group politics, point out how Sophocles challenges the traditional belief structures of the Physicals - Hanover-Horton High, oppressive patriarchy, etc., etc. If your instructor is a scientific naturalist, argue that Sophocles actually knew that Greek mythology, and all the talk about gods and so forth, was bunk, and maybe this is what he is really telling us. If you are a teacher taking a traditional classroom approach to Oedipus the King, be ready for these questions from your students.
Cliff Notes, which is as usual pretty good, warns that overemphasis on a search for the decisive flaw in the protagonist as the key factor for understanding the tragedy can lead to superficial or false interpretations. The author also warns that Aristotle's approach is sometimes too artificial or formula-prone in its conclusions. He goes on to say that some people say Oedipus's tragic flaw is his anger (at Laius, at Tiresias), his trying to escape his destiny, and his pride and determination in trying to get the herdsman to tell the truth. (The author adds that Sophocles believes that the universe is fundamentally a profoundly moral place, though I can't tell why.) Why all the different supposed tragic flaws? If a lone man is hassled and then physically attacked by a group of thugs on a deserted stretch of highway, especially when the area is not patrolled by fast police cars, he is much safer if he hits back than if he runs or begs for mercy. This isn't right, but it's a fact of life, and if you didn't know it, you have been protected and are naive. Sophocles presents Oedipus's killing of Laius as self-defense.
What kind of sense does this make if Sophocles wants us to think Oedipus caused his own downfall? Today, if a psychic went on the air and accused a decent, respected government official of murder and incest, people would be furious and believe that this is crooked politics. Oedipus is Templates - Free Samples, right to think this and to be very angry, though I think (as the Chorus does) that he goes too far in assuming Creon is Physicals Sports behind it. Why would anybody think Oedipus should NOT be suspicious and angry? If Oedipus had not tried hard to get to the truth, there would have been no play. - Powerpoint. Oedipus loses his temper with Creon, and Physicals Reminder - Hanover-Horton Sports, the Chorus says he is over-reacting, but not that this causes his disaster. The Chorus sings about the 8+ Education Powerpoint Templates - Free Samples,, need to revere the gods, but never that Oedipus has not done do.
In fact, the Chorus, representing public opinion, never says Oedipus caused his disaster. This is in spectacular contrast to the ending of Antigone, where the Chorus sings about Creon's hybris (I refuse to Physicals Reminder School Sports allow proper religious burial rites for a man who endangered National Security, this will make him an example and keep our people safe) and how it caused his ruin (Religion and conscience and decency and human love take precedence over supposed National Security.) Does the word hybris even appear in Aristotle's Poetics? The site went up in 1998, and has proved very popular. Essay Examples. Most of Reminder School, my correspondents express appreciation -- especially fellow-educators. I do get maybe half a dozen abusive e-mails per year specifically about this page, all claiming to come from teachers. (My second such correspondent from 2007 claimed to teach English at a major university, but the department chairman tells me that he knows of no such person.) At least I'm glad people still feel strongly enough about classical literature to Production Recommendation send hate mail. However, not one of them (or anyone else) has ever tried to explain why I am wrong -- and that leads me to draw the Sports Physicals High Sports, obvious conclusion. If you have no case, shout hybris . If you are a student who has been punished for using this website, please contact me and Essay Examples, I'll probably be able to take care of it for you. Whatever you decide, I hope that everybody enjoys Sophocles's Oedipus the King, and the Greek custom of free intellectual inquiry, as much as I have! Health and friendship! This isn't the first time that everybody's told me that conventional wisdom is right and that I'm wrong, but not why.
In the 1970's, I said: Peptic ulcer craters contain spiral bacteria, which are part of the process. Patients presenting with fibromyalgia symptoms have a real disease. Nitrates do not dilate atherosclerotic coronary arteries. Bismuth has a specific, powerful effect on indigestion apart from its antacid effect. The psychologic roots for criminality are not in lack of self-esteem, but in a sense of entitlement and special privilege. Selenium has a specific, powerful effect on dandruff apart from its keratolytic effect. A large percentage of SIDS deaths are intentional or negligent homicides, and a baby can smother by overling or on Reminder High Sports, a mattress or big toy.
William Blake's private papers show that psychosis does not necessarily mean disability or lack of insight. I'm no Teiresias. But except for the last (where people are still telling me I'm wrong, but not why), I've been glad that common sense and a little basic understanding of the world eventually wins out over academic dogma. I'm thankful for the experimental method and the fact that science corrects itself. To the For Office Manager Medical. Medical Manager, best of my knowledge, all the links on my literature pages are to Sports Physicals School free sites. In August 2000, the operator of the large for-profit help-with-homework online Shakespeare site offered to buy these pages out for a price in the low four figures.
I refused, and the site owner replied that I wish you would just close down the domain and spare everybody from a lot of wasted time. It's a shame. This site will always remain free, to help everybody enjoy the works that I have, myself, enjoyed so much. Resume Manager Fotos Manager. If any of the sites to which I have linked are asking students for their money, please let me know. reset Jan. 30, 2005: Ed says, This world would be a sorry place if people like me who call ourselves Christians didn't try to Physicals - Hanover-Horton High School act as good as other good people . Click here to - Powerpoint see the author's friend, Dr.
Ken Savage, do it right.
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Spencer’s Website Endorses “Leaderless Resistance” of KKK. Since Charlottesville the Alt-Right has fallen into infighting, backpedaling, and reeling after a suspected member of the neo-Nazi group Vanguard America killed antifascist protester Heather Heyer on August 12th. In the wake of her murder, multiple neo-Nazi and Alt-Right websites have been kicked off their platforms and Physicals - Hanover-Horton numerous attendees of the ‘Unite the Right’ rally have been fired from their jobs and outed for their white supremacist beliefs. Groups like Act for For Office Medical Office, America, a far-Right and anti-Muslim group which held demonstrations across the US on June 10th that relied heavily on Alt-Right and militia muscle to build it’s numbers, canceled 67 upcoming rallies on September 10th. Physicals Reminder School Sports. Moreover, tens of thousands took the Letter | Docoments, streets in Boston and in the Bay Area against “free speech” far-Right rallies which were set to feature speakers from Unite the Right. In the face of popular opposition that isn’t controlled, organized, or contained by the Democratic Party and seeking a bogeyman to demonize, the mainstream media, sections of the Left, “extremist” watchdog groups like the ADL and SPLC, the entire Right, and the security state have all set their sights on ‘antifa.’ Meanwhile, out of the view of much of the Physicals Reminder High School, media and raising no eyebrows from the Religious Ppt Background - Powerpoint Backgrounds, government is a growing call from within the Alt-Right itself to go underground and engage in Sports Reminder High Sports “leaderless resistance.” For anyone who is paying attention and who knows the history of far-Right and white supremacist groups in For Office Medical. Manager the US, this should set off major alarms, for leaderless resistance set in motion a strategy of targeted murder and terror. Moreover, Alt-Right groups in Sports Physicals Reminder High Sports the last several months have switched up their tactics, and are now openly targeting what they call “soft targets,” or liberal and social justice groups which are unable or refuse to fight back. These strategies also aren’t being hidden, they’re openly discussed and promoted on Alt-Right and Global Recommendation Letters neo-Nazi chat rooms and discussed in youtube videos. In Discord chat rooms as leaked by Unicorn Riot, not only did members of the Physicals High School, Alt-Right celebrate Heather Heyer’s death, but they called for an escalation of violence and leveling up the use of firearms at future demonstrations. These realities of where the Alt-Right is Essay, headed fly in the face of liberal and Centrist delusions about the Reminder, movement.
Far from simply wanting to troll, these groups have a political project that they hope to promote and if they are unable to do so with conventional methods they are more than willing to switch to For Free terror and wholesale murder. As we will show, this is simply taking a page from their not so ancient history. As liberals complain about antifa, @RichardBSpencer website just encouraged people to pick up leaderless resistance tactics from the KKK. Physicals School. pic.twitter.com/ACrr18DQQA. On August 31st, Vincent Law, the same person who penned a series of articles on AltRight.com (run by Richard Spencer) promoting ‘Unite the Right’ in Religious Charlottesville authored an essay entitled, Leaderless Resistance. Sports Physicals Reminder School Sports. The essay should be seen as the second part to another piece entitled, The Alt-Right Are Finished Debating. In that essay, published on August 22nd, only 10 days after Charlottesville, Law argues that the time for outreach, discussion, and open debate is over, and that the Alt-Right now can only 8+ Education Templates Samples,, talk among it’s own “tribe.” In is they argue: The public will see very soon that debate is pointless. There are no principles at play anymore.
Only our tribe and Physicals School theirs. And only one group out there has drawn a line in the clay and decided to make a stand for what is theirs by birth, by blood and by the will of God. The Alt-Right is Pharmacy Examples, finished debating, negotiating, surrendering. We’re ready to close ranks and fight for what is ours. Post-Charlottesville our fleet lies at Physicals Reminder High Sports the bottom of a deep and troubled sea and we can only march on forward like Cortez once did. And like him, we stand poised to conquer the continent. In many ways, the article sets the ground work for an argument that the Alt-Right needs to go “underground,” and in the essay Leaderless Resistance, Law encourages just that.
In it he argues that instead of pivoting towards ‘positive actions’ like organizing Hurricane Harvey relief or previous paths like entryism into the GOP, instead the Alt-Right should focus on creating a network of cells which can fundraise and carry out actions on it’s own, outside of central leadership. Law writes: The older generations had abandoned us. The structures had failed us. We were way way out there in uncharted territory without any tether. Get out Sample, there and network. Start fundraising any way you can. Harden yourself emotionally, physically and if at all possible, financially. Start thinking pro-actively about what you can do for Sports Physicals Reminder - Hanover-Horton Sports, the movement. Like it or not, the period of passive red-pilling is coming to a close.
We’ve been too successful and so they are coming to clamp down on us. We have to work with what we have for now. For Office. In other words, if you are reading this, you are the vanguard now. Congratulations on the promotion by the way. By promotion, Law is Reminder School, referring to the idea that under the concept of “Leaderless Resistance” which was first popularized by KKK leader, Louis Beam, who Law quotes from at Sample Essay length. Under Beam’s idea of leaderless resistance, cells of white supremacists are free to take action and initiative and carry out acts of Sports Physicals School, violence and terrorism, specifically against Left targets as well as people of color, queer and trans people, and Jews. True to his word, Beam carried out a series of actions which fit into this tactical framework. According to the Southern Poverty Law Center: Beam was arrested in the early 1970s in Houston and charged in For Office Medical. Office Manager connection with the bombing of a left-wing Pacifica radio station and a machine-gun attack on the local Communist Party headquarters, but the charges were later dropped. Later in the decade, he was arrested for the attempted assault of Deng Xiaoping, the visiting leader of Communist China, in Texas.
Beam would go on to make alliances between the KKK and High School the neo-Nazi group, Aryan Nations and in the early 1980s even moved onto Powerpoint Templates - Free Samples, Examples, Format, the compound’s grounds. Beams written works such as Essays of Reminder - Hanover-Horton Sports, a Klansman and newspapers like The Seditionist would go on to influence a wide range of white supremacists, neo-Nazis, and Ppt Background For Free KKK members who would go on to carry out Reminder High, violent action. One of these groups is the infamous “Order;” creators of the “14 words” which carried out a string of bombings, robberies, and murders across the Pacific North West. Other supporters of leaderless resistance included Tom Metzger of Essay, White Aryan Resistance (WAR), which attempt to mold the neo-Nazi skinhead subculture into Sports Physicals Reminder - Hanover-Horton High School Sports, a fighting force for the ‘race war.’ Metzger’s “war skins” would go on Religious to commit a host of atrocities, inspired in part by the idea that with each act of - Hanover-Horton High, racial terror they were bringing their ultimate goal of an all white fascist state closer to fruition. Later, the concept could be seen in the actions of Timothy McVeigh, who carried out the bombing of a federal building in Global Production Solutions Oklahoma City which killed 168 as well as the massacre of 9 people at a church in South Carolina by Dylann Roof.
The SPLC describes the concept of leaderless resistance as such: “[L]eaderless [R]esistance”…called on white revolutionaries to abandon planning in Physicals Reminder Sports large groups, and to instead take action in small cells of one to six men. The basic idea was to 8+ Education Powerpoint Templates Samples, avoid the destruction of revolutionary organizations when they were infiltrated or in other ways compromised by Physicals - Hanover-Horton High Sports law enforcement officials, limiting damage to a single cell at most. Rather than act on orders from above, Beam thought the cells should act independently. These “lone wolves” would “act when they feel the time is ripe, or [would] take their cues from others who precede[d] them.” It’s important to keep in Essay Examples mind that Beam crafted the idea of leaderless resistance after a trial in 1988 which sought to charge him with conspiracy to overthrow the US government along with a variety of white supremacist leaders. Then, like now, white power organizers saw the playing field of Physicals Reminder High, above ground activism closing around them, and instead moved to Resume Medical. Medical Manager embrace a strategy of Sports, targeted violence and terror. Antifascists and anti-racist community organizers should take these signs and threats seriously. - Powerpoint Backgrounds For Free. AltRight.com is fully aware that they are quoting from a KKK leader that engaged in acts of targeted violence as are they aware that they are endorsing bringing such a strategy back. For those of us that know this history we should take note.
If the Alt-Right begins to take a page from Beam, it means that they may again begin to plan acts of violence, murder, and outright wholesale slaughter in Sports Physicals School Sports order to advance their agenda where grassroots activism and outreach has failed them time and For Office Manager Fotos Manager time again. It also means that if they follow Beam’s lead, their first target would be, us. We can also begin to see widespread acceptance of such a strategy within the wider Alt-Right and far-Right. Sports Physicals Reminder - Hanover-Horton Sports. In the wake of the massively successful antifascist mobilizations in the bay area on Resume Office August 26th and 27th which mobilized tens of thousands of people, the white nationalist livestreamers with The Red Elephants remarked as they drove out of Berkeley that they needed to Physicals Reminder - Hanover-Horton High Sports form militias in order to kill counter-protesters and Pharmacy Essay start a war. They also stated that the mass numbers of Sports Physicals Sports, antifascists in For Office Manager Medical. Fotos Medical Office the streets made them sympathetic to the murderer of Heather Heyer. Here we can see, as with AltRight.com, a desire to engage in targeted acts of murder and terror in order to Reminder School Sports make up for their low numbers and lack of support and organization. While the For Free, media has covered a lot of aspects of the Physicals Reminder - Hanover-Horton High, Charlottesville demonstrations, outside of local papers like The OC Weekly, few journalists have covered the fact that white nationalist groups are going after what they call “soft targets.” Soft Targets is Pharmacy, used by white supremacists to refer to Sports High liberal and social justice groups which in general will not physically fight back, defend themselves, or attempt to stop Alt-Right groups from Manager Medical. Office Manager, disrupting their events. - Hanover-Horton School Sports. With this in mind, Alt-Right and neo-Nazi groups have specifically targeted liberal, social justice, and community based organizations because they know they can get away with it and they will face little, if any resistance. Neo-Nazis have now disrupted + attacked liberals + social justice mtgs in Pharmacy Florida, Santa Monica, + Austin. pic.twitter.com/S9ylB1RFSV. Examples of this strategy includes two disruptions in Santa Monica at racial justice workshops over the past two months.
These actions have included members of the neo-Nazi group Rise Above Movement and livestreamers from The Red Elephants and have been attended by Sports Physicals Reminder - Hanover-Horton Sports Augustus Invictus and Baked Alaska who were both scheduled to speak at Unite the Right. Essay. At the Physicals Reminder - Hanover-Horton High, last confrontation which took place days before Charlottesville, neo-Nazis were heard yelling, “Warm up the ovens!,” and threatening that they would would come back with hundreds. These disruptions faced hardly any opposition and in the case of the first disruption which featured masked men sitting throughout a training, people simply let them sit there and film the entire crowd. Baked Alaska participates in neo-Nazi disruption of Powerpoint Templates - Free Examples, Format, racial justice training in Santa Monica. Sports High Sports. Several days later he attended Unite the Right in Charlottesville. Identity Evropa, one of the main groups which organized and attended Unite the Right in Charlottesville also have carried out two disruptions of social justice events in Florida in the last several months. These disruptions faced no resistance and Cease Letter the neo-Nazis were allowed to stay during the events they were disrupting while holding a banner. Unite the Right speakers Baked Alaska + Augustus Invictus along with neo-Nazis disrupted racial justice mtg in #SantaMonica on Aug 6th. pic.twitter.com/aKtHgWY1aS.
Vanguard America, the group that the killer of Heather Heyer is suspected to have been a member of, organized a rally in June which ended in Sports Physicals Reminder High an attack on a member of the progressive group Indivisible. After the group held a rally at the capitol in Texas, they then headed to a bar where Indivisible members were meeting. The neo-Nazis proceeded to hurl anti-Semitic insults and vandalized one Indivisible member’s vehicle. Later on a podcast, participants in the attack bragged about assaulting queer folks and other marginalized people on the street. Like the other mentioned events, the original neo-Nazi rally was not announced before hand on social media and thus faced no opposition. In short, the lack of any sort of resistance allowed the neo-Nazis to physically attack both liberals and people on the street, despite the fact that they had not been provoked. Clearly, it didn’t matter.
Neo-Nazis holding small rally at Resume Medical. Office Manager #Texas capitol #Austin. Same group who were kicked out of #Houston event on June 10th. Mike Enoch speaking. pic.twitter.com/jGndXMjwVc. Of course the greatest example of neo-Nazis in recent memory going after a “soft target” took place on August 11th in Charlottesville, VA, the Reminder High School Sports, night before Unite the Right. At the local university, hundreds of members of the Alt-Right and neo-Nazis marched while chanting “Jews will not replace us!,” and screaming racist slurs. They then descended on Resume For Office Medical. Medical Office a small group of students who had locked arms around a statue and Reminder High School Sports proceeded to beat and Religious Backgrounds attack them, even pouring tiki torch fluid on them. Those attacked included students as young as 17 and one person that was in a wheelchair. All of Sports Physicals - Hanover-Horton, these examples share a similar theme: they were all soft targets.
In all of - Powerpoint For Free, these instances, those targeted had no knowledge that their events would be disrupted and that they would be on the receiving end of potentially bodily harm. Moreover, almost all were unprepared, or unwilling, to defend themselves. Such actions also throw out the window the idea that neo-Nazis and the Alt-Right do not “provoke” violence from their enemies, or that they are bound by some sort of - Hanover-Horton School Sports, code of ethics. In all of these cases the Apa Style Sample Essay, groups involved chose to attack liberal and social justice groups because they knew that antifascists would not be around to physical protect them. Sports Physicals Reminder Sports. Moreover, the ability to Global Production Solutions Recommendation film these events and put them on the internet was a plus. Sports Physicals High Sports. In short, they wanted an easy win against Ppt Background Backgrounds For Free, an enemy that they knew wouldn’t pose a threat to them. Such a reality flies in the face of calls from the Sports Reminder - Hanover-Horton High School Sports, ADL and Apa Style Essay the SPLC to “just ignore them” as well as liberals that say by confronting fascism we “give them what they want.” In all of these cases, community defense could have prevented physical violence, kept people safe, protected people’s identities, and also stopped neo-Nazis from being able to organize and disrupt that of others.
Another escalation we have seen is the direct targeting of places of worship, synagogues, Holocaust memorials, and also private store fronts. A report in The Huffington Post documents that just in Physicals Reminder the few weeks since Charlottesville the wave of attacks and acts of racist vandalism that has been carried out by neo-Nazis and the Alt-Right is staggering. Tattoo parlor in #Berkeley reporting windows broken by Resume For Office Medical. Office Alt-Right for anti-Hate poster. Latest in string of attacks. https://t.co/Op8bR0xW2f pic.twitter.com/JSad1OxWyz. Meanwhile in Berkeley, CA, it appears that a tattoo parlor is only the most recent business to be attacked following an Alt-Right rally. On August 31st, it was reported that a tattoo parlor with an anti-hate sign had its windows broken out in Reminder the Downtown area and its owners suspect the Global Production Recommendation Letters, Alt-Right. This attack mirrors similar ones which have taken place in the city against other businesses which in the past have been targeted after other Alt-Right rallies for having Black Lives Matter and antifascist signs. Liberal detractors claim that antifascists and anarchists want simply an escalation of violence with the far-Right. Physicals High School Sports. This is untrue. As events in Boston and the Bay Area show, by bringing more people into the organizing and making more people aware of the threat of far-Right and Alt-Right violence, we all become safer and Essay Examples it becomes easier to shut them down.
At the same time, the Physicals Reminder High School Sports, more people there are in the street, the more afraid both the State and the police become. This is one of the reasons that they are attacking ‘antifa’ now, in order to split the movement and scare people off the streets, for fear that it will grow into a movement against Ppt Background Backgrounds For Free, Trump himself. But regardless of big numbers on the streets, this doesn’t mean that the far-Right and the Alt-Right are going to stop being a threat to our safety. As we have seen, their tactics are already adjusting to a period in time where they won’t have to be public in order to attack the enemies of their future ‘ethno-state.’ With this in mind, the more of Reminder - Hanover-Horton, us out there protecting each other and looking out for one another, the safer we all will be. Experts on ‘extremism’ from the SPLC, to the ADL, to Reveal, are all based around the Solutions Recommendation, idea that ultimately the State will protect us from the threat of the far-Right and fascism. That democracy and Physicals - Hanover-Horton School ‘civil society’ give us all the tools we need to Cease Letter protect against genocide, as if our current system isn’t itself a product of it.
But as we have seen these last several months, the State cannot protect us, in fact, its making it worse. Not only has the Trump administration used the far-Right as a base of Sports Physicals Reminder - Hanover-Horton High, support, but it has also pulled from it in terms of ideas, messaging, money, and even staff positions. If the Trump era has taught us anything, it’s that we as community members must come together to keep each other safe, and in doing so, ultimately this means committing to being able to defend ourselves from Solutions Recommendation, threats of violence. Against Colonialism #038; Neoliberalism: Solidarity with Puerto Rico. Black August Resistance 2017: Report from Physicals - Hanover-Horton High School Sports, Holman Prison. Philadelphia, PA: Anti-Racist Mobilization on ‘Leif Erickson Day’
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89 Best yet Free Resume Templates for Reminder High Sports Word. Medical Manager! A resume, also called CV or curriculum vitae, is what creates your first impression to the potential employer. When you are in a job hunt, nothing helps you more than an impressive resume. Even though it is such a vital tool of networking, a study shows that over 90% of resumes in Sports Sports, the world contain mistakes; and those mistakes cause unemployment. Cease Ojazlink! Today we are sharing Microsoft Word resume templates that are designed and crafted so perfectly that you will never have any problem creating a resume ever again.
These are the best resume templates Word format. Mind you, we are not only sharing the Word templates but this article also contains a brief guide for drafting perfect resumes. Sports Reminder! This guide includes methodology, theory and Examples, practical ways of creating captivating resumes. Here#8217;s what this article contains: Since you came here looking for resume templates, here is the list of top 100 Microsoft Word resume templates. Check these resumes out, but please don’t forget to study the sections below these templates . That part guides you for editing these templates and even creating your own resume template. Physicals High School Sports! It#8217;s quite a contemporary design, ideal for designers and communication personnel but not that great for managerial staff.
It does look cool while maintaining a cool outlook, but make sure the hiring company prints out Global Letters, resumes on color printers, otherwise the orange color will just come out as dull gray. One thing you should keep in mind while using this template is that it contains gray background. It won#8217;t print properly. It should only be used for digital viewing. The dark colors look really cool but you must make sure that you don#8217;t send it anywhere they have to get a print out of it. If they do, the dark version will eat half of Sports Reminder - Hanover-Horton Sports their toner. And here#8217;s another one from the same producer and same page.
This is a two-column layout with multiple sections for designer, IT or education professionals. This is Powerpoint - Free Samples,, a personal branding template for a marketer, public relations, sales, or accountant. Sports Physicals Reminder School Sports! A nice little template for Powerpoint Templates marketing, public relations or communications professionals. This template comes with flow short design as the main graphical element for the template for you to download. Sports - Hanover-Horton! This is a wonderful template for realtors, insurance agents, interior designer, or home contractor. These are well structured resumes that also stand out thanks to their unique designs. This one is an Samples, Format HTML CV but I#8217;m adding it in this list anyway because you can edit it in Notepad or Microsoft Word.
The good thing about High School Sports this one is that it is responsive. Even though this is an old fashioned resume, the no-margin heading style and curly brace designs do make it modern. Rate your expertise with the green and gray squared bar meters. Resume For Office Manager Medical. Fotos Medical Office! This is a template for Sports Sports designers, marketers, and communications specialists. This is an impressive CV that describes between the lines that this person thinks out of the Apa Style box. This is more of a functional resume than chronological.
The first two templates in classic section are the most conventional, most beautiful, yet most unmemorable templates out there. I say this because such designs have been around for Physicals Reminder - Hanover-Horton High quite a long time. Hence, they are not most memorable. Religious Ppt Background - Powerpoint For Free! However, they do look beautiful, professional and serious. Large font section in Reminder High School Sports, colored font for 8+ Education Powerpoint Samples, Examples, main focus point, and bulleted list for qualifications summary. This website offers almost a dozen free word resume templates. I#8217;m listing two of my favorites, you can check out the rest by going to the link. This is a pretty cool design for a one page resume where you can place your work history, awards and skills in plain view. As the Sports - Hanover-Horton High Sports name suggest, this resume is Recommendation Letters, designed for people with a lot of Sports Reminder High School Sports experience to show. This is Essay, a congested resume design, it will not look beautiful if some parts are left empty. Pure black and white design.
Ideal for newcomers as well. Very plain, minimalist style. Clear headings covering everything that the reader needs to Sports - Hanover-Horton High Sports, know. This template is made by Microsoft itself. Global Production Solutions! This download packet contains multiple resume templates for Microsoft Word. Physicals School Sports! There#8217;s a general resume and a student resume. Both can be used to create chronological or functional resumes. This template and 8+ Education Templates - Free Samples, Format, the next one are created by Reminder - Hanover-Horton High School Sports the same one who produced the first two templates in classic section. All hail the St. Peter.
This is a British styled CV made by a British website. If you are in the UK, this one should be a good option. Backgrounds! This is an - Hanover-Horton High HTML template. There are 7 variations of the following templates, I#8217;m sharing the 2 best ones but you can follow the link and find the other ones. This is one of the only two templates that present data in a tabular manner.
This is the Ppt Background Backgrounds For Free second tabular resume template. This is one striking template. Make sure to use some really cool action words with this template. A two columned layout. This trend is Reminder - Hanover-Horton School Sports, quite in these days. Compact and - Powerpoint, to-the-point resume. Ideal design if you are going for a brief one-page resume.
This resume template for Word seems ideal for professionals of IT, customer service or engineering. Objective and summary sections with centered key competencies cloud. Reminder - Hanover-Horton Sports! Ideal resume template for project managers, directors and other management professionals. Your contact information is printed vertically from For Office Manager Medical. Medical Manager, top to bottom down the right side of the page. I personally don#8217;t like this idea that the Physicals Reminder reader would have to rotate your document in Production Solutions Recommendation, order to make sense of - Hanover-Horton Sports it, but hey, Microsoft designed it. This a very basic resume template but it has a serene color scheme and a built-in mechanism to add photos easily. This resume template is framed by Essay a light gray border and highlights your work experience. This one also includes a Quick Parts menu to Sports Physicals Reminder School, select a header with or without photo.
Comes with the same Quick Parts menu. This is an ideal template if you wanna put an emphasis on your skills. This is a two-column content heavy design for people who have a lot to say. This is Pharmacy, quite a formal-looking sample with a corporate feel. This is Sports - Hanover-Horton High Sports, another responsive HTML resume that you can edit in Notepad, Word or a specialist HTML editor such as Dreamweaver.
BONUS: Creative PSD Resume Templates. Unlike the Global usual resumes, these resumes edit in Photoshop . After all, they#8217;re really creative and Word can be creative but only to Sports Reminder, a limit. I wanted to start this part with something eccentric so here it goes. This is not really a resume but an application letter to Pharmacy, the employer. If you don#8217;t have loads of degrees or work experience, this could really work. This template comes in when you want to add a personal touch in Physicals Reminder High, an ordinary design and make it extraordinary. Adam is an established designer. This is Apa Style Sample, his CV but he is generous enough to share it with the rest of you. The producers of this resume are working on a website called Freesumes. I have no idea what that website will hold but I presume it should be something good. Damn, that#8217;s one cool CV.
We saw a dark one, here are the lighter shades. Super Marry created a super resume. Physicals School Sports! These are not really resume templates but portfolio templates that you can edit in Pharmacy, Microsoft Word. However, for certain professionals such as photographers, portfolios alone may serve the purpose of resume. Sports - Hanover-Horton High School! Here are the templates. A visually appealing resume template that highlights photographic ability on a single page. The incorporated charts and Essay Examples, graphs in this template make it easy to Sports Physicals Reminder - Hanover-Horton School Sports, showcase your skills as well as your work. Legal Ojazlink! This is an amalgamation of Physicals Reminder School a CV and Manager Medical. Fotos Office Manager, a portfolio. School! This is a high contrast colorful layout template. This one also is a mixture of a resume and portfolio.
If we divide resume creating process into two parts, would end up with: Getting the content ready Designing it in Microsoft Word. The templates you have seen above can only help you in the second part. Religious Ppt Background - Powerpoint! Even if you have a brilliantly designed template, you still need the brilliantly crafted content. A template can only help in the design part; you will have to Sports, focus on Global Production the content as well. And mind you, content is much more important than the design of the resume! A standard resume should contain the following elements. The order of the elements depends on your strong points. If you don’t have any commendable experience, place the experience tab below education tab and vice versa if you don’t have a big degree. The basic idea is to write a personal statement that describes what you want to become or do eventually. This used to Sports Physicals Reminder - Hanover-Horton High Sports, be a very important part of the resume, but now it has become sort of a cliche that almost never contains the Essay 100% truth.
So now employers are not much affected by Sports Physicals Reminder School your personal statement. For Office Medical Manager! You can leave this out in Physicals - Hanover-Horton High School, brief resumes (know more about brief resumes below). This is the most important section of your resume. Nothing attracts an employer towards you more than your experience. Essay Examples! If you have a presentable experience, place it on the top of everything else. Here are the things you should include about your previous jobs: Company Name Company Location Duration of Job (how many months/years you worked there) Your Designation A line or small paragraph about the duties you performed. Sports Physicals Reminder! If you have a big time degree from a big time university, you may mention your education even before experience. You can mention all your academic timeline or you can only mention the most recent degree or qualification you’ve received. If you have been a very bright student with incredible grades, you should mention all your academic achievements. If you were just a normal student, you don’t have to mention your grades.
Write down all your skills. For instance, if you a designer, you might write the names of the software you work. You can also write additional skills. For instance, you are a journalist but you are also very good with computers. Write about your computer proficiency here. Pharmacy Essay Examples! If you have won any awards, maybe in university for your research papers or maybe in your professional life, whatever awards you have won, you should mention them here. Here, you describe your hobbies. Basically this section describes ‘you’ to the employer. It describes who you are at the core, who you are when you are not working. Be careful about writing your interests because you don’t want to Physicals Reminder - Hanover-Horton High School Sports, give a wrong impression about yourself. Your contact details of course.
These elements should be added to detailed resumes, i.e. routine resumes. Sometimes, you have to send a brief resume. For instance a company asks you to send your resume, or maybe you already know someone in the company and you just need to send is an official document containing the important facts. In such a case, send a brief resume. Global Production Solutions Recommendation Letters! Brief resumes are always one page max. The first template in the templates list is a brief resume. Sports Reminder! You need to show that you have done things. For that you need to Apa Style Sample, use resume action words, aka resume power words. Here’s a brief list of those words: Of course, there are many other resume power words in English, but these are the basic ones. Sports - Hanover-Horton High School Sports! For more details, you can of course read a book about creating the perfect resume. The layout of the resume is important.
Depending on your field of Pharmacy Examples work, you should choose your resume. For instance, if you are a stock broker, you would want a resume that looks very organized and Sports - Hanover-Horton High Sports, clean but if you are a graphic designer, you would do something out of the ordinary. One tip I want to give you is that when you are using hard copies of Fotos Manager your resume, make sure the paper is of the finest quality and the paper suits your resume design. One more thing I should mention is that don’t use Times New Roman font for resumes. That is used too much. Physicals Reminder - Hanover-Horton School Sports! Calibri is a font that comes built-in in Microsoft Word 2007 and the versions that came after, you can use Calibri or you might use Arial.
Typography is very important part of the Pharmacy layout and Sports - Hanover-Horton School, Times New Roman just kills the typography because it is used too much. Essay! (But that#8217;s just my personal opinion.) Never lie. That’s the worst thing you can do. Sports - Hanover-Horton! A relationship (even a professional one) that is based on lies never works. Don’t lie about anything. Resume Medical Office Manager! Don’t use a generic objective . Be clear, be specific. You may change the Reminder - Hanover-Horton High School personal statement according to the company or job you are applying to… but don’t just make one-goes-for-all kind of personal statement. That never works. Don’t list a hobby that makes you look lazy or uninterested in your job. I have seen resumes that listed a hobby Facebook. Don’t do that. And most importantly, never ever write anything that can be offensive to Pharmacy Examples, anyone.
Always double-check your resume yourself and then get it checked by Sports Reminder School Sports your friends, colleagues and family members. Try your best to be politically, morally and legally correct. Copyrights 2016 - Designzzz. All Rights Reserved.
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essay or report Click on the highlighted text to Physicals Reminder - Hanover-Horton Sports see the comments. Computer systems computer systems. This report investigates the current state of scanner technology and examines the predicted future advancements of scanners. A brief history of the scanner and its operation is initially outlined. The discussion then focuses on the advantages and limitations of the five main types of scanners in common use today: drum, flatbed, sheet-fed, slide, and hand held scanners. The performance of Resume For Office Medical., these scanners is Reminder School, examined in relation to four main criteria: resolution, bit-depth, dynamic range and Sample Essay, software. It is concluded that further technological advances in these four areas as well as the deployment of new sensor technology will continue to improve the quality of scanned images. It is also suggested that specialised scanners will increasingly be incorporated into High School Sports, other types of technology such as digital cameras. The purpose of Production Recommendation Letters, this report is to survey the current state of scanner technology and to briefly discuss predicted advancements in the field.
By examining a range of Sports Physicals High Sports, recently published journal articles, magazine articles and internet sites on the topic of Ppt Background - Powerpoint Backgrounds For Free, scanners this report describes the Physicals - Hanover-Horton High School Sports main types of scanners in common use today and examines their performance in relation to four criteria: resolution, bit-depth, dynamic range and software. The report then considers the effect of further technological advances in these four areas, as well as the deployment of Production Solutions, new sensor technology on the future development of scanners. The first scanner, initially referred to as a #039;reading machine#039;, was developed in 1960 by Jacob Rabinow, a Russian born engineer. The device could scan printed material and then compare each character to a set of standards in Sports Physicals - Hanover-Horton School Sports, a matrix using, for the first time, the best match principle to determine the original message (Blatner, Fleishman and Roth 1998, p.3). This reading machine was to form the basis for the development of current scanning, sorting and - Powerpoint Backgrounds For Free, processing machines. An early improvement on the reading machine was the drum scanner.
These scanners used a type of scanning technology called photomultiplier tubes (PMT) . Drum scanners are still used in industry today because of the high quality images they produce. The development of smaller, more economical scanners such as desktop scanners and scanners for domestic use followed the drum scanner as the Sports Physicals Reminder Sports number of computer users increased and computer technology advanced. Scanners can now capture images from a wide variety of two and three dimensional sources. Powerpoint - Free Format. These images are converted to digitised computer files that can be stored on a hard-drive or floppy disk. With the aid of Reminder Sports, specific software, these images can then be manipulated and enhanced by the user. It is now possible to deploy electronic acquisition to create an entire layout (including all graphic elements) from the same computer. Legal Cease And Desist Letter Ojazlink. This means manual stripping is no longer required (Scanners, digital cameras and photo CDs 2000).
Scanners are considered an invaluable tool for adding graphics and text to documents and have been readily adopted by both business and Sports - Hanover-Horton School, domestic users. A scanner is a device that uses a light source to electronically convert an image into binary data (0s and Pharmacy Essay, 1s). This binary data can then be used to store the scanned image on a computer. A scanner recreates an image by using small electronic components referred to as the scanner#039;s #039;eyes#039; (Scanner tips 2000). The type of #039;eyes#039; used in today#039;s scanners are charge-coupled devices (CCD) and photomultiplier tubes (PMT). These electronic eyes measure the amount of light reflected from individual points on the page and translate it to digital signals that correspond to - Hanover-Horton High Sports the brightness of each point (Englander 2000).
To create a file on the computer that represents a colour image, the scanner divides the Production Solutions Recommendation Letters image into a grid with many individual points called pixels or picture elements (Scanner tips 2000). A scanning head, termed a row of #039;eyes#039;, reads over the grid and assigns a number to each pixel based on the main colour in that pixel, using green, blue and red. For example an aqua pixel would be saved as a number to represent the Reminder - Hanover-Horton High School Sports proportion of blue, green and Legal Cease Letter | Docoments, red which represents the colour aqua (Scanners, digital cameras and photo CDs 2000). There are five main types of scanners in common use today: drum scanners, flatbed scanners, sheet-fed scanners, slide scanners, and hand held scanners. Drum scanners were widely used in School, the past, however they are much less commonly used today due to advances in scanner technology. As a result of Resume For Office Medical. Fotos Office Manager, their expense, these machines are primarily used by professionals in industry, where they are considered important due to the high-end quality image they produce and because they use PMT technology which is Sports Physicals - Hanover-Horton High School, more sophisticated than charge-coupled devices (CCDs) and contact image sensor#039;s (CISs).
Drum scanners are difficult to Office Manager operate and Physicals - Hanover-Horton, technicians operate these scanners by placing the item to be scanned on a glass cylinder rotating at high speeds around the sensor (Sullivan 1996). The most popular scanners for general use are flatbed scanners. This type of scanner is 8+ Education Powerpoint Templates Samples,, highly versatile because it is able to scan flat objects as well as small three dimensional objects. Flat-bed scanners operate by placing the item to be scanned on a glass window while scanning heads move underneath it. A transparency adapter is used to scan transparent originals such as slides or x-rays, and an automatic document feeder is available for scanning large numbers of documents (Scanner tips 2000) . Sheet-fed scanners have grown in popularity in recent years, particularly for small office or domestic use as they are reasonably priced, can scan full-sized documents and are compact, requiring limited desk space (Scanner tips 2000).
Most models of sheet-fed scanners have an Sports Physicals - Hanover-Horton High School Sports, inbuilt document feeder to overcome the problem of Solutions Recommendation, manually feeding one sheet of paper at Reminder - Hanover-Horton School Sports, a time. However the actual process or scanning with a sheet-fed scanner may result in distortion as the image to be scanned moves over the scanning heads (Scanner tips 2000). A further limitation of Sample Essay, sheet-fed scanners is that they are unable to Physicals Reminder - Hanover-Horton School Sports scan three dimensional objects. This type of scanner is used to scan items such as slides that need careful handling during scanning. Unlike other scanners, the scanning heads in slide scanners do not reflect light from the image, but rather pass light through it.
This enables these scanners to produce superior results without distortions caused by 8+ Education Templates Format reflective light. To be able to scan small and detailed items, these scanners have a large number of eyes on the scanning head which produces a high quality result. Slide scanners tend to be more expensive and less versatile than flatbed and sheet-fed scanners as they are limited to only scanning slides and film. These scanners, however, are well suited to users requiring high quality scans of large numbers of slides (Scanner tips 2000). Hand held scanners are compact, portable scanners which are simply dragged across a page manually to capture an image. These scanners are easy to Physicals Sports use and economical to purchase; however, their use is limited to text of up to four inches in diameter that does not require a high resolution. For this reason, hand held scanners are unsuitable for colour images.
A further disadvantage of hand held scanners is that the user must have a steady hand when scanning or the Powerpoint Templates Samples, Examples, resulting image will be distorted (Scanner tips 2000). The performance of a scanner can be examined in relation to four main criteria: resolution, bit-depth, dynamic range and Sports Reminder, software. Resolution is a measure of how many pixels a scanner can sample in a given image. It is used to describe the - Free Samples, Examples, amount of detail in an image (Figeiredo, McIllree and Thomas 1996). Higher resolution scanners are generally more expensive and produce superior results as they have a greater capacity to capture detail. Scanners have two types of resolutions: optical resolution and Reminder High School Sports, interpolated resolution. Optical resolution, or hardware resolution, is a measure of how many pixels a scanner can actually read. Powerpoint - Free Samples, Examples, Format. A current model desktop scanner typically has a resolution of - Hanover-Horton School, 300 x 300 dots per inch (dpi) (Anderson 1999) . This means that this scanner has a scanning head with 300 sensors per inch, so it can sample 300 dpi in Ppt Background For Free, one direction and 300 dpi in the other direction by stopping the scanning head 300 times per inch in Sports Sports, both directions. Some scanners stop the 8+ Education Powerpoint Templates Examples, scanning head more frequently as it moves down the page, giving an optical resolution of 300 x 600 dpi; however, scanning more frequently in one direction does not improve the result of the scan. The basic requirement for scanning detailed images and line art from photos or other printed originals is an optical resolution of 600 dpi. When scanning slides and negatives the minimum optical resolution is 1200 dpi.
Interpolated resolution measures the number of pixels a scanner is able to predict. A scanner can turn a 300 x 300 dpi scan into a 600 x 600 dpi scan by looking in-between scanned pixels and guessing what that spot would have looked like if it had been scanned. This prediction is then used to insert new pixels in between the actual ones scanned. This technique is less precise than optical resolution; however it assists in improving the enlargement of scanned images. Bit depth refers to Sports Physicals - Hanover-Horton High Sports the amount of information that a scanner records for each pixel when converting an image to digital form. Scanners differ in the amount of data they record for each pixel within an Apa Style Essay, image. The simplest kinds of scanners only - Hanover-Horton, record data related to black and white details and have a bit depth of 1 (Anderson 1999). The minimum bit depth required for scanning photographs and documents is 24-bits, while slides, negatives or transparencies need a scanner with at least 30-bits. Thus for a scanner to produce a high quality scan with colour, a higher bit depth is required.
In general, current scanners have a bit depth of 24, which means that 8 bits of information can be collected for the three primary colours used in scanning; blue, red and green (Anderson 1999). This high resolution allows scanners to produce images close to photographic quality. Dynamic range refers to the measurement of the Resume Manager Medical. Fotos Medical Office range of tones a scanner can record on a scale of 0.0 to Reminder High School Sports 4.0, with 0.0 being perfect white and 4.0 being perfect black. Colour flat-bed scanners usually have a dynamic range of Powerpoint Templates Samples, Examples, Format, 2.4. A range of this measurement is Sports Reminder - Hanover-Horton School, unable to provide high quality colour scans.
A dynamic range of 2.8 and 3.2 is suited to professional purposes and can be found in high-end scanners. An even higher dynamic range of 3.0 to 3.8 can be provided by drum scanners. A scanner, like any type of hardware, requires software. Typically the two most common pieces of software provided with scanners include optical character recognition (OCR) and image editing software. Letter. Optical character recognition software translates the information recorded in a scan, tiny dots, into a text file which can be edited. Image editing software allows the tones and colours of an image to be manipulated for better printing and display. Physicals - Hanover-Horton High. Image editing also gives filters to apply special effects to scanned images. The quality of scanned images is Ojazlink, constantly improving as characteristics such as resolution, bit-depth and dynamic range are enhanced and further developed. More sophisticated image editing and optical character recognition software development is also resulting in superior quality scans. Future advances are expected to result in the incorporation of specialized scanners into other types of technology such as the recently developed digital camera.
This device allows the user to take pictures of three-dimensional objects much like a regular camera, except that instead of using film, the objects are scanned by the camera in a similar process to the functioning of a flatbed scanner. The relatively new area of sensor technology in the form of a contact image sensor (CIS) (see Appendix 1) is expected to improve the functionality of scanners and the quality of Reminder - Hanover-Horton Sports, images as it replaces the cumbersome optical reduction technique with a single row of sensors (Grotta and Wiener 1998, p. Cease Letter | Docoments Ojazlink. 1). Developers have already been able to produce a CIS scanner which is thinner, lighter, more energy efficient and cheaper to manufacture than a traditional CCD base device. Sports - Hanover-Horton School. However, the quality of the Global Production Solutions Recommendation scan is not as good as its counterparts. Further development of CIS technology is needed to improve image quality and colour, and to address the problem of a limited 300 or 600 dpi. This report has identified five types of Sports Reminder - Hanover-Horton High, scanners currently available. Some are primarily used for professional purposes such as the drum scanner; others are used more broadly in the workplace and home such as flatbed scanners and to Apa Style Essay a lesser extent sheetfed scanners.
Scanners for specialized purposes have also been identified such as slide and handheld scanners. The performance of these scanners is dependent upon their resolution, bit-depth, dynamic range and software. Scanners have improved significantly in recent years in terms of weight, size, price and speed, and the replacement of Sports Physicals Reminder - Hanover-Horton High School Sports, CCD technology with CIS technology is anticipated to produce further benefits to these areas as well as to scan quality. The impact of these improvements is expected to Resume For Office Fotos Medical Manager increase the accessibility of scanner technology to a wider range of users and its suitability for a wider range of purposes. In relation to this, the future of Physicals - Hanover-Horton School, scanner technology seems to point to Solutions Letters the convergence of different technologies. Specialized scanners are currently being incorporated into other types of School Sports, technologies such as digital cameras, printers, and photocopiers.
This can be expected to Manager Fotos Medical Office Manager continue with other forms of technology in conjunction with further improvements to image quality, speed, price, size and weight. Anderson, D. The PC Guide. [http:www.pctechguide.com/18scanners.htm]. Blatner, D., Fleishman, G. Sports Reminder High School. Roth, G. (1998) Real world scanning and halftones 2nd edition, Peachpit Press, USA. Englander, I (2000). The Architecture of computer hardware and systems software. John Wiley, USA, p272. Figeiredo, J. Pharmacy Essay Examples. McIllree, J. Thomas, N. (1996) Introducing information technology 2nd edition Jacaranda Press, Singapore, p145. Grotta, D. and Weiner, S. What#039;s now . What#039;s next. [http://www.zdnet.com/pcmag/features/scanners98/intro.html] PC Magazines 20 October 1998. 8/4/00. Prepress, scanners, digital cameras and photoCDs. [http://www.prepress.pps.com/mem/lib/ptr/scanners.html] 1998. Sports Reminder - Hanover-Horton High Sports. 6/4/00.
Scansoft scanner tips [http://www.scannercentral.com/scanners/tips/tips1.asp] 2000.6/4/00. Sullivan. M. Medical. Manager. Types of scanners. [http://hsdesign.com/scanning/types/types.html] 1996. 8/4/00. Clear statement of the four criteria used in the report to assess the technology. Appropriately mentions an important aspect of Sports Physicals Reminder High School Sports, future enhancements - sensor technology, as well as other aspects of future scanning technology. The comment on Pharmacy Examples the quality of scanned images could be extended to include other desirable improvement outcomes; for example, faster scanning or 3D scanning. States the purpose and outlines the content of the report succinctly at Sports Physicals Reminder, the start. Historical background is 8+ Education Powerpoint Templates Examples,, then provided.
This level of detail should be placed in Section 2 #039;How Scanners Work#039;. Physicals Reminder - Hanover-Horton School Sports. Try to avoid repeating ideas in the body of the report by grouping ideas on the same topic or subtopic together. Good comment - provides an overall picture. It would be more appropriate to discuss such detailed aspects of scanning in Religious - Powerpoint, the body of the report rather than the introduction. When a technical term such as this is used it should be explained and related to Reminder - Hanover-Horton School the previous sentence(s). This paragraph presents a clear definition of how a scanner works. Manager Medical. Medical Office Manager. The student#039;s understanding of the concept is evident because the definition has been clearly expressed in the student#039;s own words and the sources of the definition have been acknowledged.
The student has used information from only one source for Sections 3.2, 3.3, 3.4, and 3.5. This has severely limited the content of these sections of the report. This paragraph provides a good description of this criteria in Sports Physicals Sports, simple clear language. It would be better to Pharmacy Examples use a more recent reference here. A 1999 reference which states this is current typical resolution in an essay written in 2002 is inappropriate - computer technology develops very quickly. This concept is poorly explained. The student needs to express the main point in more detail. The ideas in this paragraph are well expressed; however the source of Physicals Reminder - Hanover-Horton High School, these ideas has not been provided. The student needs to provide references. The concept of Resume For Office Manager Medical Office Manager, #039;dynamic range#039; has not been sufficiently explained here. - Hanover-Horton Sports. The student needs to provide further detail and to Cease And Desist Letter Ojazlink provide references to the sources of information used.
As in the previous paragraph, the concept has not been sufficiently explained. Further detail is required, especially in relation to the current capabilities and limitations of the software. Physicals Reminder - Hanover-Horton Sports. References to the sources used are also required here. This sentence is Resume Medical. Manager, too general. Reminder Sports. It would be better to include more specific information about the kind of enhancements being referred to. This paragraph provides an appropriate amount of detail. Significant improvements to the field are identified in a brief discussion of Examples, new technology. However the Physicals Reminder School student has again omitted references to the sources used in the discussion. This conclusion presents a brief summary of the main ideas that have been established in - Powerpoint, the report. Unfortunately, it typifies the limitations of the report; that is, the Sports - Hanover-Horton High School Sports content is too general - more specific detail is required. A further improvement would be to Sample provide more detail on how the current state and Physicals Reminder - Hanover-Horton High School, future position of scanner technology is Ppt Background For Free, related to the broader field of computer technology.
WARNING - do not use this reference list as a model! The number of sources used in an assignment depends on the quality of the Sports Physicals High School Sports sources - their currency, reliability, and the amount of relevant information. And Desist. This reference list consists of 8 sources: 3 books, 1 magazine, and 4 commercial web sites. It does not meet the requirements of the Sports - Hanover-Horton School Sports assignment description. One source is Recommendation, used for Sports - Hanover-Horton High a number of sections in the report. The reference list needs to include several academic journal articles and more magazine articles.
This would enable a wider range of opinions and ideas to be included. For this report, it is best to only use commercial web sites published by Essay Examples major manufacturing companies which provide technical and educational information rather than online shopping or reseller sites, or sites developed by individuals. Content and Physicals Reminder High, layout: The citations need to include appropriate details, and to be punctuated according to the Harvard Referencing System. For example, the country (USA) has been provided as the place of publication in a number of citations instead of the name of a city or town, the copyright dates of Legal Letter | Docoments, many of the web sites has not been included, and the inclusion of a page number for a book (p.145) is not necessary in the reference list (it is required in the text if the student is making a direct quote). The use of punctuation in this reference list is inconsistent and Physicals Reminder - Hanover-Horton High School Sports, not always appropriate.
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Institute for Writing and Rhetoric. When you design a syllabus for Sports High Sports any course, you begin with the outcomes that you intend for Solutions Recommendation your students to achieve, and you work backwards from these to particular readings and writing assignments. This method, formalized, is Physicals High School Sports called the method of Essay, backward design. Backward design is a useful method for any professor in that it ensures that all assignments, readings, and activities will connect students with the outcomes that the professor deems essential to the course. At the first stage of backward design, writing instructors should consider two issues: what they want their students to know/experience in their courses, and Sports - Hanover-Horton School what they want them to be able to do, in these courses and afterwards. Put another way, instructors need to Legal Letter, think both about their focusing questions and their course outcomes.
You'll note that the first issue—what instructors want their students to know/experience—distinguishes between knowledge and experience. Sports Physicals Reminder - Hanover-Horton School! Indeed, this distinction is significant in a writing class, where course content (while important) does not drive the Essay Examples course. The best writing classes consider the students' experiential learning in Reminder their course design. To accomplish the aims of experiential learning, it's important to come up with a course question that can bring together the many smaller questions of the course and that can engage students intellectually and experientially. For instance: What is happiness? What are the roots of violence?
What is the Apa Style nature of the Reminder - Hanover-Horton High School self? Technology: friend or foe? These are the kinds of questions that can focus course readings and class discussions. They are also the kinds of questions that students can engage with outside of the context of the writing classroom. Finally, they are the kinds of questions around which professors can build a course that is intellectually coherent. Even more important the the course questions, however, are the course outcomes—in other words, what students should be able to do when the course comes to an end. In the first-year writing classes, an Legal Cease Letter | Docoments, instructor's set of Reminder High School, outcomes will be informed by the course outcomes (see the | Docoments outcomes for Writing 2-3, Writing 5, or the First-Year Seminar). Take some time to review these outcomes, and to consider how every assignment and classroom activity might work to help students achieve them.
As you design your assignments, you'll want first to determine the outcomes that each assignment will work to accomplish. If your aim is to ensure, for instance, that students learn how to shape good academic questions, you might ask them to compose, share, and then revise their questions. If you want them to develop their research capabilities, have them take these questions to the library databases in Sports Reminder order to look for appropriate sources. If you want to ensure that students learn how to work with sources, ask them to compose a summary and synthesis document, in which they nutshell their sources and show how these sources are in conversation with one another. Finally, if you want to ensure that they learn how to compose and revise, assign drafts and give them feedback. Have their peers offer feedback as well. Whatever you decide to Pharmacy Examples, assign, use the Sports Sports outcomes to guide you. Second, you'll want to scaffold your assignments, so that students can build on their capabilities. You'll see in the examples cited in the paragraph above that each assignment builds on the one before.
Students work on one step in the process and get feedback on Manager Fotos Medical Manager, it (from the instructor or their peers) before moving on to the Physicals Sports next challenge. By scaffolding, instructors can be sure that students know how to successfully complete the Global Production Solutions final assignment. Students can also track the evolution and transfer of their skills. Third, writing instructors frequently comment that Dartmouth's ten-week term is very short. Assignments must therefore be designed to achieve multiple outcomes. Reminder - Hanover-Horton High! Consider the Recommendation first step of the assignment sequence outlined above: Ask students to compose, share, and then revise their questions. Several outcomes are achieved here: students are composing, they are collaborating, and they are revising.
If you design your assignments to Sports - Hanover-Horton School, achieve multiple outcomes, you'll be surprised at Essay, how much your students can accomplish. Whatever assignments you design, do understand that simply making an assignment does not ensure that students will acquire the desired skills. Physicals - Hanover-Horton High School! For an assignment to succeed it should be transparent and progressive—that is, your students should understand your goals for the assignment, and they should be able to Legal | Docoments, chart their own development in relation to these goals. The better students understand your assignments and Sports Reminder your vision for your course, the better they'll be able to Religious - Powerpoint, meet the course aims. When designing your syllabus, you will want to consider carefully the spacing of your writing assignments. It's important that students are given enough time to write and to revise their papers. Professors who use a writing assistant will also want to be sure that they provide the Sports Physicals High Sports writing assistant enough time to read and respond to students' papers. Here are some things to Pharmacy Essay Examples, consider:
Give students time to move through the writing process. If you are teaching a first-year course whose purpose is to Reminder - Hanover-Horton High School Sports, make students able writers, you will have to give them time to move through the various inventions, composing, and revision processes. One way of Essay, making room for Sports - Hanover-Horton School these various steps in Legal Cease And Desist the writing process is by assigning a paper in three parts: the pre-draft (which could consist of crafting questions, writing a discovery draft, creating an outline, and Sports Physicals Reminder - Hanover-Horton High School so on), the first draft, and the revised final draft. Give students time to Cease, revise. If we want our students to revise their papers substantively, we must give them adequate time. This means that we need to Sports, get their papers back on time, particularly the first drafts. Consider whether you'll need two days, four days, or a full week to return an assignment. Also consider whether or not you expect the student to see a writing assistant or to Religious Backgrounds For Free, meet with you between drafts. Try not to Sports Physicals - Hanover-Horton School Sports, make a reading assignment on the day a major paper is due. And Desist Letter Ojazlink! Let your students focus their attention fully on their writing. Schedule writing workshops the day that a paper is due instead.
Long assignments (particularly those that involve research) work better if you break them up into smaller assignments. Ask students to bring in an annotated bibliography, a working thesis, an Sports Reminder Sports, outline, etc. Scheduling these shorter assignments ensures that students remain engaged in Production Solutions the writing process. It also prevents them from writing the paper at the last minute. Physicals High Sports! Consider what's best for you. Many students and instructors like Monday due dates: students get the Apa Style Sample weekend to Reminder School, work on their papers, and professors keep their weekends free.
Other instructors prefer for papers to come in on Thursday or Friday, so that they can use the Legal Letter | Docoments Ojazlink weekends to respond. Think of your own rhythms as you plan. Professors often wonder, when creating writing assignments, how detailed the assignments should be. Some professors don't use prompts, requiring students to come up with the Physicals - Hanover-Horton High School topics and questions themselves. Others create detailed writing assignments, arguing that this allows students to save energy for writing their papers (as opposed to generating topics and questions). Still others craft writing prompts that offer students ideas for writing but that leave plenty of room for students to come up with ideas of their own. We'll consider the options of prompting and not prompting here. The Open Writing Assignment.
Professors who don't use writing prompts believe that an important part of scholarship is learning to Powerpoint - Free Examples, Format, raise questions that will yield a good academic argument. Instead of creating a writing prompt, these professors craft an assignment process that supports students as they work through the various challenges of scholarly inquiry. In a sense, these professors are asking students to craft their own prompts, and to write the paper that will answer the questions that they outline there. The obvious pedagogical advantage of the open assignment is Sports Reminder - Hanover-Horton High School Sports that it allows students to learn to Pharmacy Examples, develop topics on their own. In the open assignment, students are not only permitted to pursue intellectual questions that are of interest to them, they also gain some experience in framing a topic that is neither too narrow nor too broad. If you elect not to Reminder, use prompts, you should intend to devote class and Examples conference time to assisting students in this process.
For instance, you might ask students to come up with three good academic questions about the course's reading materials. Students can post these questions on Sports Physicals Sports, the Canvas discussion board. You can then workshop these questions, using class time to talk about which questions will (or won't) yield a good academic argument, and why. Samples, Examples,! You should also comment thoroughly on the questions submitted, raising further questions for the student to consider. You might also invite students to comment on one another's questions on the Canvas site. Students can then revise their questions and resubmit them for another round of feedback before they write. Some professors find it useful to offer students models of good academic questions.
Other professors give explicit instruction regarding what the paper shouldn't do and Physicals Reminder - Hanover-Horton High leave it to the students to determine what they want to do within these parameters. All professors ask students to submit their prompts in advance of drafting so that they can determine, before the students proceed too far, whether or not these topics are appropriate and promising. Whatever you decide, do note that a prompt-less writing assignment needs a good infrastructure in order to succeed. Indeed, Karen Gocsik's research assignment for Writing 2-3 has twelve steps, indicating the many moments of support and Templates Samples, Examples, feedback that first-year students require as they work through the Physicals Reminder High School Sports process of writing a research paper Your assignment need not have twelve steps to be effective; it may have four steps, for instance, or five. Craft your assignment steps according to the aims of your assignment.
Writing a good prompt for a writing assignment is a difficult task. Powerpoint - Free Format! Too often, professors write prompts for writing assignments knowing exactly what sorts of essays they want their students to produce, only to get papers that miss the Sports Reminder School mark. How can you produce writing assignments that clearly convey the tasks and questions you want your students to undertake? Before writing your prompts, you will want to Cease And Desist Ojazlink, consider a few matters. Consider what you want the Physicals Reminder assignment to require the students to do, in relation to the course outcomes. What outcomes are most important at this point in your course? How can the Apa Style Sample assignment move students closer to achieving these outcomes? Consider what you want the assignment to do, in terms of the larger questions of your course. What questions, in particular, do you want your students to consider?
Are these questions related closely or peripherally to - Hanover-Horton Sports, topics you've been discussing in class? Consider what kinds of thinking you want students to Legal Cease And Desist | Docoments Ojazlink, do. Do you want your students to define, illustrate, compare, analyze, or evaluate? You will want to come up with prompts that clearly direct students as to the kind of thinking they will have to do. Consider your students' writing processes. Are you focusing on teaching students to place their arguments within a larger conversation or context? If so, your prompt should address the importance of context and Physicals - Hanover-Horton suggest things that you want students to consider as they write. Are you hoping to Cease | Docoments Ojazlink, get your students to understand the mechanics of the Physicals - Hanover-Horton Sports paragraph?
Your prompt might ask students to write paragraphs that summarize, then analyze, then synthesize, so that they can see how different tasks require different paragraph development. Resume Manager Fotos Medical! If the paper involves research, consider outlining your research requirements in a way that educates students about the research process. You may want to require students to Sports Reminder - Hanover-Horton School, use a variety of sources, or to use certain sources that you've either put on reserve or listed in the course syllabus. Apa Style Sample Essay! Understand that students may need help with finding sources, evaluating them, and incorporating them successfully into their arguments. Craft your prompt accordingly. Once you've determined the outcomes for Sports - Hanover-Horton School your writing assignment, you're ready to craft the prompt. Here are some things to consider: Break the assignment down into specific tasks.
If, for example, you want students to compare the effectiveness of Templates - Free Samples,, two political movements, you might first ask students to define the goals of each movement; then to Sports - Hanover-Horton High School, consider the history of each movement; then to discuss how the history of the movement affected the Religious Ppt Background - Powerpoint Backgrounds creation of its goals; and finally, to consider how history influenced the movement's ultimate success (or failure). Break the assignment down into Sports Physicals specific questions. For example, if you want students to Apa Style Essay, discuss the formal elements of Physicals - Hanover-Horton School, a particular painting, you might, as Art Historian Joy Kenseth does, ask the students: What is the focus of the painting? How does the Recommendation Letters artist treat such things as light and Sports - Hanover-Horton School Sports shadow, line, space, and composition? How does this treatment communicate the painting's ideas? If you don't want students to answer all of the questions you put to them, but want them simply to consider these questions before writing their responses, make that clear. Provide context. A writing prompt that asks students to Templates Examples,, discuss whether or not the films of Leni Riefenstahl are propagandistic does not point students to the interesting controversy surrounding Riefenstahl's work. Nor does it indicate whether they should limit themselves to discussing the formal elements of Sports Physicals High School Sports, Riefenstahl's films, or whether they should include biographical detail.
The more contextual information you give your students, the more precise their responses will be. Craft each sentence carefully. You will want to be sure that there is no room for misunderstanding the assignment. If you ask students to analyze how a myth informed paintings and sculptors during the first century of the Renaissance, do you want students to examine the works themselves or the artists that produced them? Sometimes a slip in word choice or the careless placement of a modifier can leave students confused as to Global, what, precisely, you are asking them to do.
Be clear about what you don't want. If you don't want students to discuss Virginia Woolf's personal experiences as they relate to A Room of One's Own , then be sure to Sports Physicals - Hanover-Horton High School Sports, instruct them not to include biographical references. In addition, explaining why such information should be excluded will help students to understand better the questions and the desired response. Be clear about the paper requirements. Have you indicated the paper's due date? How many pages you require? How many sources you require? What special criteria (if any) you will use when grading this paper? If your requirements are rigid, say so.
If you're flexible, let the students know. This may be the aspect of the prompt that students are most anxious about, so offer as much detail as you think is necessary. Religious Ppt Background - Powerpoint! Try to write (or at Sports Reminder School, least to outline) the assignment yourself. If you have trouble outlining a paper based on this prompt, your students will, too. You will want to think about ways of revising the assignment to And Desist Ojazlink, make it clearer and more manageable.
Discuss the assignment with the class. When you distribute the assignment to Physicals High, the class, take time to go over it. Resume For Office Manager Medical. Fotos Manager! Ask for their questions. Make notes as to Sports Sports, where their understanding of the assignment differs from Apa Style, yours so that you can improve the Reminder - Hanover-Horton High School prompt the next time you use it.