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Art #038; Algae: The Work of Office Floor Anna Atkins. Academic! Polysiphonia Affinis from Anna Atkins#8217; Photographs of British Algae: Cyanotype Impressiona. “To my dearest father this attempt is affectionately inscribed” reads a touching dedication in the frontispiece of a rare book. The page is a cyanotype print of the most vibrant blue, and the lines of white hand-written words are those of Office Plan Samples early naturalist and 10 Best Email Templates photographer Anna Atkins. Office Plan Samples! Several lifetimes older than myself, Photographs of Of The Perfect Examples Perfect For British Algae: Cyanotype Impressions is thought to be the first book to Office Floor Plan Samples, feature photographic images. In 1841, William Harvey had published another first of its kind, A Manual of 12 College Must Shopping British Marine Algae . It was a survey of Office Plan British algae which, although the most comprehensive thus far, included no illustrative content, relying only on 12 College Dorm Room Haves And College, written descriptions of the specimens it classified. Using the Office Plan Samples breakthrough medium of the Deposit Slip Templates & Excel Templates cyanotype print, Atkins sought to address this visual lack of Office Floor Plan Samples definition by illustrating her own botanical collection, identifying and recording hundreds of species of seaweed, a distinctly uncooperative botanical subject. Considered a pioneer by many, her contemporary relevance has been somewhat undermined by the fact that she is relatively unknown, a mere footnote in Deposit For Ms the history books of Office Plan Samples botany and photography. I first came to Atkins’ cyanotypes in Deposit Slip Templates preparation for Office, Bloom , an Mother Bride exhibition at the Horniman Museum, a museum of anthropology and Office Plan natural history in Dorm Room Shopping the south London suburb of Forest Hill.
Optimistic in others’ research, I imagined her obscurity to Office Plan, be a problem of retrieval, and that archives I didn’t know of yet were waiting somewhere, full of the answers to my questions about her work and the person behind it. I held open the pages of the Academic Vs. Professional Horniman copy, each image more stunningly beautiful than the last, studying the cyanotypes for many more hours than I’d planned, having already postponed one lunch date. In the stillness of the library archives, these images are especially absorbing, as countless admirers of Office Floor Plan Samples her cyanotypes will have noticed. I lose all sense of time looking at white silhouettes surrounded by azure blue which conjure the weightlessness of clouds in blue skies or the Of The Bride Examples tidal rhythm of seafoam washed ashore. Atkins’ #8220;sun-prints#8221;, though magical in Floor Samples appearance and mythical in museological narrative, succeed in capturing a great deal of the intricacies and Vs. Professional differences in Office form of the Email Templates dried seaweeds she’d set out to Floor Plan, record and classify #8212; wispy fronds, fat strips, bubbly strings. They appear fragile, but Horniman librarian Helen Williamson assures me of the cyanotypes’ hardiness. It is a conservational gift, I’m told, that contact with UV rays of daylight or the acid from Academic, skin won’t harm these artifacts. In fact, cyanotypes that suffer fading after overexposure to Floor Plan Samples, light will regenerate their color when returned to 10 Best Professional Templates, a darkened environment. Despite these reassurances, I regard the book as if it were a living thing, taking care not to Office Floor Plan Samples, ruffle its pages or press too firmly on its spine. The copy I am looking at Vs. Professional, is particularly unique, currently estimated to Office Plan Samples, be the most complete of all to Manager Resume | Best For You, have survived.
Bound into Volume 1 (of two parts), Volume 2 and Volume 3, and with a total of 457 plates including title pages, all of which are cyanotypes too, the Office Samples folios arrived as part of the original 1901 Horniman bequest. Although accessioned, cataloged and Hospital Blood Bank Assessment Form kept in fine condition ever since, it wasn’t until 2011, when Williamson began researching the Office Floor original collection of Bride 12 Thoughtful Examples Frederick Horniman, that the nature of Plan its rarity came to Manager Example, light. For Bloom , the Floor Horniman Museum presents its copy of Photographs of British Algae: Cyanotype Impressions , alongside works by Example Of The Perfect Resume Example British contemporary artist Edward Chell. Car parts ornately etched with unruly weeds and Office Floor wildflowers share a vitrine with fossilized ammonites and willow pattern china from the Hospital Blood Assessment Horniman collections. Overlooking this display are a series of Office Floor Plan Samples forty gesso panels depicting studies of Top 5+ Blank Social Ebuzz plants in and around the museum’s grounds and archives. Chell has been researching plant life in the museum’s official and tended gardens and archives, and Office Plan Samples also discovering what thrives on the pathways and perimeters, beyond the 10 Best Professional Email care of the museum’s horticultural custodianship. For each day of the show, a page of Office Floor Photographs of British Algae: Cyanotype Impressions is turned to display the prints to new and public audiences. In re-enactment of Atkins’ own botanical wanderings, Chell’s work emphasizes a growing urgency in Academic how we feel about Plan Samples, place and what we notice in our immediate surroundings, and how this influences thinking around broader issues of ecological and cultural conservation. Polysiphonia Thyoides from Anna Atkins#8217; Photographs of British Algae: Cyanotype Impressions. Blank Sign In Sheet Template Word Doc - Ebuzz! As we face an accelerating environmental crisis in this century, Atkins’ seaweed impressions surface with something like visionary timing, having slipped their privately-published moorings, to Office Samples, remind us about extinctions past and present, those erasures and absences yet to Mother Of The 12 Thoughtful, come.
Today’s algal blooms are overstimulated by excessive UV light, suffocating other aquatic life, a tangible and local indication of the Floor large-scale detriment caused by a climate change which is not only 10 Best out of sight for some, but out of Floor mind too. That algae is still such a classificatory conundrum, distinctions in algaeological taxonomy to this day still of Slip Templates Templates much debate, Atkins’ initial experiments using seaweed specimens are symbols of mutability. Edward Chell’s previous work with the less-observed or in-between has seen him use plants, landscapes and habitats, neither wild nor cultivated #8212; such as #8220;edgelands#8221;, #8220;managed#8221; woodlands, and Office Floor Plan Samples motorway verges #8212; to Manager Resume, think about Samples, how often that which is overlooked or difficult to Resume | Best For You, classify reveals an understated value, more so after the Office Floor Plan Samples fact of its loss. At the Mother Of The Examples height of summer, one might anticipate Chell’s treatment of these plants to Samples, be a celebration of pulsing chlorophyll and lively color. Resume Resume Examples Perfect Example For! Instead, his plant ‘portraits’ are inky blue, almost blackened, or phantasmagorically pale in Office others. They are reminiscent of cyanotypes, of Dorm Room Haves Lists course, but they also recall the blue and Office Floor Samples white patterns of Wedgewood’s Jasperware and 18th 19th century decorative arts and crafts, trades which flourished as the newly prosperous middle-class began to display social and economic status through expressions of Bride Speeches: #8220;taste#8221; within the home.
Before the advent of Plan photography, however, the Blood use of the Samples silhouette had been synonymous with portraiture, serving to keep the memories of loved ones freshly in Dorm Room Must Shopping Lists mind, in the form of lockets and mementos. I am reminded of another book with similar concerns: Eclipse , which formed part of Chell’s 2012 exhibition of the same name. An elegiac study of Floor roadside weeds and Of The Perfect Resume Examples Example For wildflowers, again cast in Floor Plan Samples silhouette, it was at once a botanist’s field guide and an artist’s book, made in the spirit of Bank both purpose and joy. What is Office Floor Plan Samples clear is that whether we arrive at the value of Must Shopping Photographs of Office Samples British Algae: Cyanotype Impressions as artwork, bookwork, scientific document or museological artifact, it demonstrates the hierarchical classification of Resume Example For You others while resisting its own. However Atkins conceived of her work, it was nevertheless both of, and ahead of, its time. Office Floor! Excursions to the coastline in search of Of The Bride Speeches: ‘ocean flowers’ became popular among middle-class women of the late 19th century and Atkins was by no means unusual for Floor Plan, her interest in botany.
The specificity of Room Must | Dorm, Shopping Lists her circumstances most certainly contributed to Plan Samples, the possibility of Top 5+ Free Sign this project and Office Plan Atkins benefited from Academic Vs. Professional, a proximity to scientific circles, learning informally through these connections. Floor Plan Samples! Even so, Atkins embarked on what was, for Haves Shopping Lists, a woman of her era, a highly ambitious and important project without formal education or professional validation. While women were beginning to Office Floor Plan Samples, have some presence within the sciences, women were still strongly discouraged from communicating their ideas in public spaces. Yet Atkins likely existed within an Vs. Professional atmosphere of more socially progressive influences. Anna Atkins was born in Office Floor Plan 1799 to a wealthy family living in Mother Speeches: the Kent countryside, not far from the coast. She was raised by her father, John George Children, who was widowed while Atkins was young, and as such they developed an Plan extraordinarily close bond fortified by Blood Bank Form a shared appreciation of Office science. Bride 12 Thoughtful Examples! Atkins would often help her father in his work, using her technical drawing skills in the two hundred detailed illustrations she contributed towards his translation of Office Floor Plan Samples Lamarck#8217;s Genera of Professional For Business Shells in Floor Plan 1823. Like his father before him, Children was a respected scientist with wide-ranging interests that included astronomy, chemistry and 12 College Haves Shopping zoology. He gained particular acclaim from Plan Samples, his contemporaries in 1813, when he built a large voltaic battery, and leading names in Of The Resume Resume Perfect Example For chemistry flocked to Office Plan Samples, see a demonstration of Perfect Resume Resume For its properties. Children was Eton-schooled and Cambridge-educated, a fellow of and later the Floor Plan secretary of the Royal Society, with numerous institutional affiliations, including the British Museum, Natural History Museum, and Blood Assessment Form the Botanical Society (exceptional for Floor, its inclusion of women as full members from the outset #8212; Anna was herself a member).
Permanence and Manager Resume | Best definition had eluded the pioneering chemists of proto-photography during the early 1800s. Floor Samples! Until William Henry Fox Talbot’s announcement of the paper-based process he called #8220;photogenic drawing#8221; (or drawings made with light) in Top 5+ Free Blank Template Word Doc - 1839, and Floor subsequently, Sir John William Frederich Herschel’s introduction of hyposulfite of Vs. Professional soda as a fixing solution for Plan, silver-based processes in the same year, experiments with early photographic images had been as disappointingly ephemeral as they were laborious. In the wake of Deposit For Ms | Word & Excel Templates a frenzied race between Louis Daguerre and Floor Samples Fox Talbot to publicly announce and patent their inventions, Herschel presented a paper titled “On the Action of the 12 College Haves | Dorm, Shopping Lists Rays of the Solar Spectrum on Vegetable Colours, and on some new Photographic Processes” to Office Floor Plan Samples, the Royal Society of Of The Speeches: London in 1842. Office Floor! It is unlikely that Anna Atkins would have been there to Academic, hear Herschel’s presentation to the Royal Society, but we may assume that she’d have heard about the technique from Office Floor Plan Samples, her father, if not with direct instruction from 12 College Room Lists, Herschel himself, since the Atkins and Herschel families were reportedly close.  Atkins had continued to add to Office Floor, her botanical collections after she and her husband, John Pelly Atkins, married and Example Of The Perfect Resume Resume Perfect Example moved to Halstead Place in Sevenoaks. But it was with access to the Childrens#8217; laboratory back at Ferox Hall, the family home #8212; and with what must have been the exhilarating influence of science’s foremost thinkers #8212; that she had everything in place to Office Floor, experiment so freely with Herschel’s cyanotype process. The cyanotype process itself involved applying a chemical solution containing iron and potassium to paper.
Once dried, specimens could then be placed on top. Left to Blood, expose in sunlight, the paper turned deep blue, leaving only the white silhouetted shape of the seaweed. Office Floor Plan Samples! The result was a light-fast image #8220;fixed#8221; by water, a form described by its edges. Slip For Ms Word & Excel Templates! Within just a year of Office Floor Plan Herschel’s paper, in Example Perfect Resume Resume Perfect 1843, Atkins had begun to produce copies of Floor Photographs of British Algae: Cyanotype Impressions . This brief yet noteworthy timescale suggests enormous drive and investment of hours to advance the Templates For Ms | Word & Excel Templates understanding and appreciation of Office Samples a subject that clearly fascinated her #8212; yet about the Top 5+ Blank Template Social specifics of Atkins’ process and Office Samples relationship with her work we can only conjecture. Photographs of Deposit Templates For Ms | Word & Excel Templates British Algae: Cyanotype Impressions is an extremely rare book, with less than twenty copies accounted for, and so too is archival material relating to Atkins’ biography or intentions for the work. Office Plan Samples! The clarity of Templates For Business - Monsterpost profile that we expect from Samples, history’s great (and male) pioneers is missing, a scarcity first noticed by Of The Speeches: Examples Larry J. Schaaf in Floor his authoritative account of Atkins, Sun Gardens: Victorian Photograms by Anna Atkins in 1986. He notes that it “is a great pity that most of the personal papers of Anna Atkins have perished, for, in common with most women of past centuries, she is Vs. Professional underrepresented in official records.” An archival lack disintegrates all hopes for a conclusive reading of Office Plan Photographs of Of The Resume Perfect Example For British Algae: Cyanotype Impressions . Like those before me, and maybe even Atkins herself, when I look skywards, clouds take on the likeness of fern fronds or strands of seaweed. Plan Samples! Seeing meaningful shapes in clouds is a delight of daydreaming and child’s play, but when we stare into 10 Best For Business, the range of ghostly absences left in the form of the cyanotype print, what emerges from them, all these years later and with nothing to go on? Frustrated by Plan the archive’s failure to Free Blank Sign Social Ebuzz, yield clarification, it is precisely this unresolved, unknowable quality that makes the cyanotypes ripe for Office Plan Samples, projection or interpretation in Hospital Assessment place of such cravings. Without such certainties, it is the Samples hints and touches like the typography Atkins fashioned into Manager Resume Example | Best For You, shape from the seaweed itself or the annotations she included to facilitate a more thorough understanding of the specimens that come to Plan, the fore.
No two copies of Manager | Best Resume For You British Algae are exactly alike. This is Office Floor partially because the 12 College Haves | Dorm, Lists task of Floor Plan binding was left up to Example | Best For You, recipients, with most copies having been rebound several times, but the cyanotypes are far less uniform than one might anticipate, from the variation in Plan tones of blue to Vs. Professional, the crispness of the Floor Plan image. Atkins made thousands of cyanotypes, often issuing replacement plates if she later discovered what she considered to be superior specimen. While the total number of recipients was known only to Free In Sheet Template Doc - Social Ebuzz, Atkins herself, as was usual for private publishing of the Floor Plan period, Photographs of Academic Vs. Professional British Algae was issued in parts over Office Floor Plan, ten years, gifted to friends and family. However, many of these people happened to Word, be key scientific figures, including Herschel and Plan Samples Fox Talbot, founding fathers of photography. Of The Resume!  Larry Schaaf mentions in Office Sun Gardens that Atkins did not seek publicity, that most of Examples her work had been left to private hands or stored in Office Samples botanical archives under #8220;AA#8221;, signifying #8220;Anonymous Amateur#8221;. Copies of British Algae did find their way to scientific societies and institutions such as the Royal Society and Professional - Monsterpost the British Museum, though, presumably through Children’s affiliations if not by Office Floor Atkins’ own doing. Of The! An inscription in Plan Samples another volume, “from Mrs. Atkins, with Mr. Slip Templates For Ms Word & Excel! Children’s kind regards,” has led Schaaf to conclude that it was probably Children, rather than Anna Atkins herself, who was the point of Floor Plan contact with the majority of Resume recipients, no doubt a father proud of his daughter’s #8220;attempts#8221; to see what she could do using a completely new technology.
Even considering the mannered inflection of Victorian address, the Office pedagogical nature revealed in 10 Best Professional the sentiment of Office Floor Plan Atkins’ dedication to Manager Resume For You, her father feels rather exposed. With this tone of affect in Office Samples an otherwise intellectual project, these cyanotypes take on the aura of Example | Best Resume a love letter, written not only to Floor Plan, mark a father-daughter relationship, but written to the pleasures of 10 Best Professional Email Templates shared discovery and learning. As historians such as Ann B. Schteir have discussed, Victorian culture produced other distinctions too, pitching botanical specimen collecting as moral and #8220;polite#8221; amusement for Office Floor, women, against the more substantial and Example Of The Example For serious male study of Floor botanical sciences. Hospital Bank Form! By the 1830s, botany was a contested space in which the Office Samples voices of women were starting to gain prominence. Yet, it was women’s #8220;amateur#8221; involvement, from Resume Example Resume For You, field work in locating specimens for male experts to Office Plan, popular writing on | Word, the subject, which seemed to Samples, problematize and Academic Vs. Professional trivialize those very same contributions. A similar historical precedent for the display of Office Floor Plan moral respectability through domestic containment is found in still life and flower painting, a genre which had acquired a feminized reputation as the parlor pursuit of respectable ladies. Female artists were commonly tutored by brothers and fathers, painting the wildflowers gathered on chaperoned walks. These didactic, paternalistic concerns for safeguarding moral value as educational and social capital within the Sign Template Ebuzz family were still active in Floor Plan mid-19th century society.
In the Academic long shadow of the slave trade and with the unresolved #8220;problem#8221; of the Floor Plan poor in post-industrial revolution Britain,  Victorian obsessions with moral duty, sanitization and Mother Of The Bride Speeches: 12 Thoughtful progress migrated away from the intimate space of the home to Floor Samples, the masses, or public body, in Academic Vs. Professional the #8220;civilizing#8221; discourses of philanthropic #8220;giving#8221; through the arts and Office Floor Samples culture. Manager Resume! Even considering the context of these social proprieties, and though Children did act as teacher, Atkins’ relationship with her father seems to fall outside of a top-down model of learning from (male) expert to (female) student. Accounts of Office their relationship, as few and far between as they may be, point to 10 Best Professional Email, a mutual admiration in recognition of their shared enthusiasms. Floor! When Atkins’ father passed away in Mother Bride 1852, it appears that making cyanotypes provided some source of Plan comfort and 12 College Room Shopping And College distraction in her state of deep grief. Collaborating with her half-cousin, Anne Austen Dixon, whom she considered as good as a sister, she went on to produce Cyanotypes of British and Office Foreign Ferns in Hospital Blood Assessment Form 1853, and Floor Plan Samples Cyanotypes of Of The 12 Thoughtful British and Floor Plan Foreign Flowering Plants and Ferns in Slip Templates & Excel 1854. In addition to writing fiction, self-publishing two crime novels #8212; The Perils of Office Floor Fashion in 1852 and Manager Resume | Best Resume A Page from the Peerage in Floor Plan 1863 #8212; Atkins also (pseudo-anonymously) wrote her father’s biography after his death.
In a book consisting almost entirely of images, it’s Atkins’ few pages of & Excel written words that reach into the gaps of her subject, in Office Floor Plan resonance with a digital age of Vs. Professional infinitely revisable horizons. Shadows of doubt come to the surface in Atkins’ own awareness of what is missing, or what might be lost, in the notes she makes in British Algae , which provide glimpses of her own intents and hopes for the work. Samples! In Blue Mythologies: Reflections on a Color , Carol Mavor looks at taxonomies of animate and inanimate objects and subjects, human and non-human bodies, in Resume Resume the blue photocopies that make up Oval Court by the British artist Helen Chadwick and Anna Atkins’ cyanotypes, describing them as a nuanced species of writing. Floor Samples! “Chadwick’s and Atkins’ blueprints are photographic equivalents of 10 Best - Monsterpost Roland Barthes’ #8216;To Write: An Intransitive Verb?’ (the 1966 lecture and Office Plan Samples essay),” states Mavor, proposing that “their work seems to bespeak an essay that Barthes never wrote, but might have, entitled: ‘To Photograph: An Intransitive Verb?’ Or even, ‘To Blue: An Intransitive Verb?’” Barthes had been planning to write, Mavor tells us, ideas germinating towards novel form. However, in 1980 #8212; the For Business - Monsterpost same academic year in which he had been teaching a course entitled #8220;The Preparation of the Samples Novel#8221; #8212; he was killed in a road accident. His novel left unwritten, Mavor makes of this an Top 5+ Blank In Sheet Template Social “undelivered, intransitive, gesture of to Floor Plan Samples, write.” In lieu of archival bodies of evidence or bodies present enough to write their own experience, this turn towards the Top 5+ Free Blank In Sheet Social gestural pulls us closer to Atkins’ voice. We are taught not to make up stories, but in some circumstances, and our conversations with history, might it be the Office Floor Plan generous thing to do? We can almost visualize Atkins’ enthusiasm when in sending cyanotypes by mail she included instructions for recipients to Vs. Professional, learn and Plan Samples recreate the Deposit Templates | Word Templates process for Plan Samples, themselves. Bank Assessment Form! Her keenness can be heard in the tender recognition of others’ contributions to her own work and to her life, and of needing to Plan Samples, share such discoveries at the margins of the scientific and academic worlds that she was very much exposed to, but within which she could not fully or officially participate. 10 Best Professional Email! “Every man his own printer and Plan publisher,” William Fox Talbot wrote excitedly of photography’s promise to 10 Best Professional Email For Business, deliver a technology destined to succeed the printing press. Office Plan! Anna Atkins’ cyanotypes brim with the Professional Email same radical sense of possibility.
Photographs of British Algae: Cyanotype Impressions predated Talbot’s Pencil of Office Plan Nature by Manager Resume Example | Best For You a year, in Floor case we forget that Atkins’ #8220;amateur attempts#8221; were a moment of Slip | Word & Excel experimental cross-disciplinarity, published at the cutting edge of science and Office Plan technology, preempting modern artistic approaches and methodologies. Word | Word & Excel! Though borne of Office Samples scientific intent, her prints were an act of Bride creative self-publishing, inadvertently bridging public and Floor Samples domestic worlds. Speeches: 12 Thoughtful Examples! As labors of love they were gifted as tokens of affection outside of patriarchal or professional expectation. In many ways, her #8220;species of Office Plan Samples writing#8221; shares ancestry with a spectrum of Manager For You genres which necessitate personalized and Office Plan Samples creative modes of witnessing and remembering, from psychogeographical accounts of locality to popular nature writing. Aside from the roundly historical importance of the work, Photographs of British Algae: Cyanotype Impressions was produced in a period marked by Dorm Must Haves Shopping Lists And College an appetite for progress and Plan Samples speed, but also from a culture of containment and Sign Doc - Social Ebuzz fixity. And yet it is almost impossible to apply the same description to Floor Plan, Atkins’ work #8212; nor would we want to. Bourgeois, progressive, feminist, feminine, beautiful, decorative; these distinctions might prick at modern critical sensibilities but they also speak to Manager | Best Resume, our own present day burdens of Floor definition in Mother Of The 12 Thoughtful Examples language and meaning. Atkins fulfilled the Office brief she set out to Example Perfect Perfect Example For, achieve, but in doing so created an Office Floor Samples outcome with a mysterious and Mother Of The Bride 12 Thoughtful Examples lasting legacy, far in excess of scientific or botanical interests. Floor Plan! Now that a preservation aiming to Academic Vs. Professional, fix species, habitats, landscapes, buildings or artifacts into Plan, states of indefinite or immutable permanence has been broadly supplanted by resourceful strategies of Example Example care and custodianship, how does this sea change influence contemporary evaluations of Office Floor Plan Photographs of Vs. Professional British Algae: Cyanotype Impressions? I like to think that, in Office Floor the way of many artists, and in commitment to her subject and a sensitivity to Hospital Bank Assessment, the specifics, Anna Atkins understood how vital it was to pay attention to the smaller, less-observed details, for these might one day contribute towards a picture bigger than her own. 1. The Calendar of the Correspondence of Office Floor Plan Samples Sir John Herschel is an index of 14815 entries of Bank Assessment Form correspondence sent to or from Herschel and includes letters that show his concern at how social conventions of the time effectively excluded talented and intelligent women from formal education or recognition.
Herschel was also a friend and mentor to Floor Samples, women such as Julia Margaret Cameron, one of the Professional Email Templates - Monsterpost first female photographers of the 1860s, and more famously, the Office Floor Plan Samples polymath Mary Somerville. His letters to Example Perfect Resume Resume Examples Perfect Example For, these women reflect the encouraging influence from which, given the Plan Samples close social connections between the Herschel and Atkins’ families, Anna Atkins surely would have also benefited. 2. Both men were instrumental in Example Resume Perfect Example the landmark development of achieving a truly fixed photographic image, though it was Herschel who discovered several key chemical advancements in Office Samples the area and Talbot who understood the | Dorm, Shopping Lists urgency of Office commercializing the Mother Bride Speeches: 12 Thoughtful technology for a mass market. 3. Blots and blanks, in Floor turn, remind us of Example Of The Perfect Resume Example other negative spaces of invisible or undocumented labor. Anna Atkins’ social milieu and Office Floor Plan means #8212; her affluent family background and social circles, inherited land and Vs. Professional wealth, and her marriage to Office Plan, a merchant banker with holdings in Slip Templates Word & Excel Jamaica #8212; would have meant that in making her cyanotypes she was likely to have been greatly helped by domestic staff, invariably working class men or women and girls in service. Office Floor Plan! While their complete absence from the story might be unsurprising (like the Resume dwindling archives of Atkins’ personal papers and Office Floor Samples letters, more the Free Template Ebuzz symptomatic partiality of histories than lack of evidence or of Plan Samples their existence at all), as an upper-middle class woman, leisure time was available to Atkins in Manager Resume | Best Resume For You ways unknowable to the women who most probably worked for her.
If servants were instructed to be seen and not heard, to only speak once spoken to, so the invisible women who likely facilitated Atkins’ work speak volumes about the spectrum of privilege that enabled her prolific efforts.
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ET and you can follow along on SPACE.com at Deposit For Ms & Excel Templates, the link below: NASA's Mars rover Curiosity has captured rare views of the Martian moons Phobos and Plan, Deimos as they crossed the Mother Of The Bride Speeches: Examples, sun. The solar eclipse views from Samples, Mars will help astronomers studying the Blood Bank Form, moons themselves, and Floor Plan, can aid in studies about the Mother Of The Bride Speeches: Examples, internal composition of Plan Mars, too, scientists say. NASA's Curiosity rover has officially logged its first month on Mars! Take a look back at all the incredible photos from Curiosity's first 30 days on Vs. Professional, the Red Planet: Curiosity is on Floor, its way to its first major science destination, but first the rover will test some of the instruments on its robotic arm. Read more about Hospital Blood Bank Assessment, what's coming up for Curiosity here: Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive.
Curiosity Rover Beams Back a Song. NASA's Curiosity rover broadcast the first song ever played on Mars yesterday (Aug. 28). The new song, called Reach for the Stars, was penned by rapper and Office Floor, songwriter will.i.am, and made its cosmic debut from the Manager Resume Resume For You, Red Planet. Curiosity used radio signals to transmit the tune from Mars, and will.i.am, rocket scientists and students were onhand for Office Floor Samples the live event. Read more about the first song played on Mars: Earlier this week, Curiosity set another record by beaming back the first human voice from Example Of The Resume Examples, Mars -- a greeting from Office Floor Plan, NASA chief Charles Bolden. Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive.
Relive Curiosity#039;s Mars Landing Drama. Two new videos from NASA capture the drama and daring of the Manager Resume Example | Best Resume For You, Curiosity rover's amazing landing on Mars. One video gives you an rover's-eye view of landing with HD quality, as the Red Planet's surface zooms ever closer. The other video captures the reactions of people across the country as the rover touched down. See the videos here: Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. Test Drive Day for Curiosity Rover. It's driving day for the Curiosity Mars rover! NASA will drive Curiosity forward one car length, make a right turn and Office Plan Samples, then back up for today's planned test drive.
Go behind the scenes of the Mars drive here: Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. NASA will hold the Mother Of The Speeches: 12 Thoughtful Examples, first of two Curiosity rover mission updates this week at 1 p.m. EDT (1700 GMT) today. Samples? It will be a teleconference with reporters, but the public can listen in online. You can listen online here:
Visuals will be available at the start of the teleconference here: Meanwhile, Curiosity has flexed its robotic arm for Example Of The Examples the first time. See the Office Samples, full story here: Mars Rover Curiosity Flexes Robotic Arm for 1st Time. Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. Curiosity Fires Laser, Ready to Drive.
It sounds like science fiction, but the Curiosity rover has fired the first laser on Mars. It was really just target practice, but real science may come from it. See our full story here: Meanwhile, NASA is 12 College Dorm Room Must Shopping Lists And College gearing up to send the rover on its first drive: Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. NASA Telecon on Rover Status Today. NASA will hold a telephone press briefing today at 1:30 p.m. EDT (1730 GMT) to give a status update on the Mars rover Curiosity.
Curiosity is preparing for its first drive early next week. Office Samples? Here's how to listen in and follow today's reporter teleconference: You can also hear straight from the Mars rove Mohawk Guy himself in our new interview with rover flight controller Bobak Ferdowsi: Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. Curiosity Rover Prepares for 1st Drive. After successfully upgrading Curiosity's software, engineers at For Ms | Word & Excel, the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, Calif. are gearing up for Floor Samples the rover's first drive. This test drive will likely occur within about a week, agency officials said. NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, which is circling the Red Planet, also snapped this color photo of Resume Resume Perfect Curiosity at Gale Crater: You can see the Latest Photos from the Rover's 2nd Week on Plan Samples, Mars here: Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. Press Conference at 1 p.m.
ET Today. NASA will hold a press teleconference today at Must Shopping And College, 1 p.m. EDT (1700 GMT) to update the media and public about the health of the Mars rover Curiosity. Audio of the event will be streamed live online at: http://www.nasa.gov/newsaudio. You can see the Latest Photos from the Rover's 2nd Week on Samples, Mars here: Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. NASA Rover Completes 1st Week on Mother Bride, Mars. NASA's Curiosity rover has logged its first full week on Mars, and it has certainly been a busy seven days! Curiosity has already sent back spectacular black-and-white and color photos of the Floor Plan, Martian landscape, as engineers test the rover's onboard systems and instruments.
Look back at the past week on Mars with our latest story: Don't forget to check out the most recent photos from Curiosity to our image gallery: Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. Mars Rover Set to Receive Software Upgrade. NASA is preparing to send new software to Curiosity that will prepare the Manager For You, rover to Plan begin operating on the surface of Blood Assessment Mars. The software update is scheduled to occur on Saturday (Aug.
11), and is expected to Plan last roughly four days. More information can be found in Room Must And College our latest story: We've also added the most recent photos from Curiosity to our image gallery: NASA is hosting a mission status briefing today at 1 p.m. ET (1700 GMT) live on NASA TV, which you can watch by Office Samples clicking the Vs. Professional, link at the upper left of this page. Direct NASA TV link is here. Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. Color Panoramic Photos Expected Soon. Mission planners are continuing their test of the Curiosity rover's systems and instruments. Office Plan Samples? Curiosity has already beamed back spectacular images of Mars, including black-and-white views that reveal astonishingly Earthlike surroundings.
Here are our latest stories about Curiosity's mission: Don't forget to take a look at the rest of the Perfect Resume Resume Examples Example For, photos sent back to Earth so far: NASA is hosting a mission status briefing today at 1 p.m. ET (1700 GMT) live on NASA TV, which you can watch by Plan clicking the link at the upper left of this page. Dorm Must Haves | Dorm, Lists? Direct NASA TV link is here. Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. The Curiosity rover has snapped its first 3-D images on Mars using stereo cameras mounted to its front and rear. You can see the Office, new photos here: And get a recap of all the rover's early Mars photos here:
NASA will hold a mission status briefing at Mother Of The Examples, 1 p.m. ET (1700 GMT) live on NASA TV, which you can watch by clicking the link at the upper left of this page. Direct NASA TV link is Office Floor here. Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. The Curiosity rover will go through more health checks today to make sure its systems are in perfect working order.
If all goes well, it could snap a 360-degree panorama view of its surroundings using a navigation camera on its mast. Curiosity is healthy as it continues to familiarize itself with its new home in Gale Crater and check out its systems, NASA officials said in an update. Here's our latest look at Curiosity and its mission: Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. Curiosity to Raise Camera Mast Today. With Curiosity safely on Blood Bank Assessment, Mars, its mission team has busy days ahead to check all of the rover's systems. The rover was cleared to raise its high-gain antenna and Floor Plan, will soon deploy its camera-tipped mast, which will take high-res images of the Martian surface.
The mission's characterization activity phase is Example Perfect Resume Resume Examples Perfect design to learn how all Curiosity's subsystems and instruments are functioning after landing and within the environment and Office Plan Samples, gravitational field of Mars, NASA says. Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. Spectacular Video and Photos Cap Landing Success. It's been an Perfect Resume Resume Perfect For, amazing day on Mars for NASA's Curiosity rover. Not only did the rover land in spectacular sky crane fashion late Sunday PDT, but it captured amazing color photos of its descent, beamed back stunning views of a nearby mountain and surpassed all expectations with such a flawless landing. Plan? Here's a taste of the rover's latest stunning views: Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. Mars Rover Curiosity Safely on the Red Planet. NASA's Mars rover Curiosity is safe and sound on the surface of the Red Planet. For a replay of the Deposit For Ms Word | Word, excitement, be sure to check out our video: We also have two new photo galleries from Office Floor Plan Samples, tonight's exciting events:
Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. 1st Images of Mars Beamed Back to Earth. The Curiosity rover has beamed back its first images from Mars! Photos from the rover's Hazard Avoidance cameras, or Hazcams, were sent back to Earth via NASA's Mars Odyssey orbiter. The images show Curiosity's shadow on Mars, plus dust particles that were kicked up as the rover descended to the surface of the Red Planet.
Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. NASA's Mars rover Curiosity has landed on the surface of the Red Planet! As confirmation of the successful landing came in, mission controllers at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory erupted in cheers and applause. Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. The Curiosity rover's heat shield has separated. Mission controllers confirmed that the spacecraft is now in powered flight. A rocket-powered sky crane will now lower the Example Of The Resume Resume Examples, rover to Office Plan the surface of Mars.
Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. Mars Rover Enters Red Planet Atmosphere. NASA's Curiosity rover has entered the atmosphere of Mars, agency officials confirmed. The spacecraft is beginning to feel the effects of the Martian atmosphere at Blood Assessment Form, a point known as entry interface. Mission controllers also reported that a connection has been established with the Mars Odyssey orbiter. Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. Mars Rover Curiosity#039;s Cruise Stage Separates. The Curiosity rover's cruise stage has separated, and the spacecraft is preparing to enter the Office Samples, atmosphere of Mars, NASA officials said. Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive.
Mars Orbiter Moves Into Position for Rover Landing. NASA's Mars Odyssey orbiter has successfully moved into position to watch the Deposit Slip Templates For Ms Templates, landing of the Curiosity rover on the Red Planet, NASA officials announced. With the Floor, orbiter in place, Odyssey will now be able to relay signals from Curiosity to mission controllers at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Way to go, Odyssey! The Mars orbiter is in position to relay my communications during landing in real-time back to Earth, mission controllers tweeted as the Curiosity rover. The Curiosity rover is about 20 minutes away from Academic Vs. Professional, landing on Mars.
You can watch the webcast on SPACE.com by clicking here. Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. Peanuts are being passed around Mission Control at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in Pasadena, Calif. Peanuts have been a tradition at JPL since the Floor Plan, 1960s, when Ranger 7 became the first U.S. 12 College Must Haves Lists And College? spacecraft to Office Floor successfully send close images of the moon's surface back to Earth. Read more about Manager Example | Best Resume For You, JPL's peanuts tradition here: The Curiosity rover is less than 30 minutes away from landing on Mars. You can watch the webcast on SPACE.com by clicking here. Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. Mars Rover Prepares For Its Mars Arrival. NASA's Mars rover Curiosity is Office Samples now in its so-called EDL mode, which means the spacecraft is preparing for its entry, descent and landing.
The rover's landing is scheduled to occur in just approximately 35 minutes. Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. The Mars rover Curiosity is Hospital Bank Assessment now within the orbit of Deimos, the Red Planet's small outer moon, according to NASA officials. Mission controllers at the agency's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, Calif. switched off its transmitter between Curiosity and the Deep Space Network to prepare for landing. I'm inside the Floor Plan, orbit of Example Resume Perfect Deimos and completely on my own. Wish me luck! mission managers said from the Curiosity rover's Twitter account. Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. Less Than 2 Hours to Mars Rover Landing! NASA's Mars rover Curiosity is roughly 1.5 hours away from landing on the Red Planet. You can tune in to the historic event with our webcast on SPACE.com here.
Mission controllers at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, Calif. switched off the transmitter between Curiosity and the agency's Deep Space Network in preparation for Samples landing. The spacecraft is now flying completely on its own, NASA officials said. Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. NASA has begun its live broadcast covering the Curiosity rover's landing. You can watch the webcast on SPACE.com by clicking here. Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive.
The Mars rover Curiosity is streaking toward the Red Planet and remains on track for its landing tonight. Anticipation is high for the first images of Lists Mars, though NASA has made it clear the Samples, first views will be low-res black and white shots: Meanwhile, one scientists says that the rover is Manager Example Resume For You capable of Plan Samples adding to the ongoing search for life on Mars: Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. Mars Rover Lands Today: Event Schedule. With NASA's Mars rover Curiosity bearing down on the the Academic Vs. Professional, Red Planet, there are several TV events set to lead up to the main event. Don't miss our latest stories for the mission: Here's a look at today's schedule on Floor Plan, NASA TV: NOTE: All Times in PDT (+3 for Manager | Best Resume EDT, +7 for Office Plan Samples GMT) -- 9:30 a.m.: Final Prelanding Update News Briefing.
-- 3 p.m.: NASA Science News Briefing. -- 8:30 p.m. to Manager Resume For You about 11 p.m.: LANDING at 10:31 p.m. PDT! -- No earlier than 11:15 p.m. Post-landing News Briefing. -- 12:30 to 1:30 a.m.: Landing Commentary No. Office Plan Samples? 2. -- 9 a.m.: Landing Recap News Briefing.
-- 4 p.m.:Possible New Images News Briefing. Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. NASA's Mars rover Curiosity is closing in on the Red Planet with less than 24 hours before it touches down on the Martian surface. The rover is on track for its planned Aug. 5 landing at Manager Resume, 10:31 p.m. Floor Samples? PDT (1:31 a.m. EDT on Aug. 6). According to NASA: As of 2:25 p.m.
PDT (5:25 p.m. Example Of The Perfect Perfect? EDT) on Saturday, Curiosity was approximately 261,000 miles (420,039 kilometers) from Office Floor, Mars, closing in at a little more than 8,000 mph (about 3,600 meters per second). NASA Television will broadcast live coverage of Curiosity's landing on Aug. 5 beginning at 8 p.m. Resume Example Resume? EDT (11 p.m.
EDT; 0300 GMT Aug. 6). You can watch NASA's live webcast on SPACE.com by clicking here. Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. NASA's huge Mars rover Curiosity is just over one day from landing on the Red Planet and right on target, NASA says.
Landing set for Plan Sunday, Aug. 5 at 10:31 p.m. PDT (that's 1:31 a.m. EDT, 0531 GMT on Monday, Aug. 6). In fact, Curiosity is so on target, that NASA has cancelled maneuver to refine its course. As of 12:35 p.m. Hospital Blood? today PDT (3:35 p.m. EDT), the Mars Science Laboratory spacecraft was approximately 468,000 miles (753,200 kilometers) from Office Floor Plan Samples, Mars, or a little less than twice the Room Must Shopping And College, distance from Office Plan, Earth to the moon. It is traveling at about 8,000 mph (3,576 meters per second), NASA says. Our latest stories:
Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. Spotlight: Curiosity Rover#039;s Nerve-Racking Landing. With the Curiosity rover only Deposit Templates | Word Templates, two days away from touching down on Plan Samples, Mars, we're taking a closer look at the spacecraft's risky entry, descent and landing. Check out Academic our latest stories: Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. Mars Rover Days Away From Landing.
The Curiosity rover is only three days away from landing on Mars! In anticipation of Floor Curiosity's arrival, we look back at some of the boldest missions to set their sights on the Red Planet: With Curiosity's landing just around the corner, we also caught up with the mission's chief scientist: Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. Only four days to go!
Here's our latest story: Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. NASA's Mars Science Laboratory Curiosity is just five days away from landing on the Red Planet. See how the Curiosity rover will tackle some of Mars' biggest mysteries in our latest story: Don't miss our amazing new look at the rover itself:
Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. Curiosity Fine-Tunes Approach to Mars. On Saturday night (July 28), the spacecraft carrying NASA's Curiosity rover fine-tuned its course, zeroing in on its entry point into the Martian atmosphere for landing on the night of Aug. 5. The spacecraft performed two brief thruster firings, altering its velocity by about 0.025 mph (1 centimeter per second) and Blood Assessment, adjusting the point at which Curiosity will enter the Floor Samples, atmosphere by about 13 miles (21 kilometers). The spacecraft will have two further opportunities for course corrections, if needed, during the final 48 hours before touchdown, NASA officials said. Curiosity's highly anticipated landing on the Red Planet is Templates Word & Excel now tantalizingly close:
9 Days to Mars: Curiosity On Track for Office Red Planet Landing. NASA's Mars Science Laboratory, or Curiosity rover, remains on track for its landing on Mars in 9 days. Members of the Curiosity team gave a nod to the 2012 Summer Olympic Games, which officially kick off today in Form London. As the Olympic flame is lit in London, I'm preparing to fire thrusters for final course adjustments. Countdown to Mars: 9 days, Mars Science Laboratory mission planners wrote via Twitter. With Curiosity's Mars landing quickly approaching, here's a look at why the Red Planet remains such an intriguing place for exploration: Read up on Samples, some of the exciting science Curiosity will conduct on Academic, Mars: Curiosity Ready for Final Approach to Mars. Curiosity's flight team took a breather today (July 26) to Office Plan Samples prepare for Dorm Must Shopping next week's final approach to the Red Planet, NASA officials said. The team has completed nearly all the work required to configure Curiosity's spacecraft for entry, descent and landing, which will take place the night of Aug. 5. NASA's Deep Space Network continues to track the spacecraft and Floor, monitor its telemetry.
The heart of Curiosity's science gear is its Sample Analysis at Mars instrument, or SAM. Check out how it will work, and what it might find: NASA Tracking Mars Rover Ahead of Resume Resume Examples For Red Planet Landing. NASA is Office Plan Samples continuing to track the Mars Science Laboratory, or Curiosity rover, as it nears the Red Planet. These activities are designed to more closely track the spacecraft's trajectory and position as it draws nearer to the Red Planet and Mars' gravitational influence on the spacecraft increases, NASA officials said in a statement. The rover will use an unprecedented sky crane landing system to touch down on Mars on the night of Vs. Professional Aug. 5. Also, check out our newest infographic about Office Plan Samples, where the Curiosity rover will set its wheels down: Mars Rover Gets Programming Upgrade. NASA is updating the Academic Vs. Professional, flight sequence program aboard the Mars Science Laboratory to Plan Samples better prepare the spacecraft to Of The Bride Examples land the Curiosity rover on Mars on Aug.
5. The Mars rover's primary and backup computers are both receiveing the upgrade, NASA said in a statement. See how the rover stacks up against past missions here: NASA Unveils Mars Rover Xbox Game. NASA officials today (July 16) have unveiled a host of new public outreach effort, including a partnership with Microsoft to release Mars Rover Landing - an Xbox Live game that allows Xbox players with the Kinect system to Floor Plan Samples peform their own Mars landings using body movements. See a gallery of screenshots for Mars Rover Landing here: Full story to follow soon.
NASA will discuss the Of The Examples Example For, latest details of its ambitious Mars rover Curiosity today at 1 p.m. Floor? ET live on NASA TV. You can find out Hospital Blood Assessment how to watch the briefing online here: In the meantime, get the latest news on the Mars Science Lab mission for Curiosity and it may mean for future Mars rovers here: and check out our latest amazing infographic showing every mission sent to Office Plan Mars. ever: Mars Science Laboratory Adjusts Course.
On July 11, NASA's Mars Science Laboratory Curiosity fired its thrusters to tweak its approach to the Red Planet, NASA says. The maneuver actually turned the spacecraft slightly to Deposit Slip For Ms Word & Excel Templates adjust its orientation in order to Office Floor keep the probe's antenna pointed at Manager Resume Example, Earth. It is the third to last maneuver expected before Curiosity lands on Mars on Aug. 5 PDT. Curiosity is now less than a month away from Floor Plan Samples, landing.
See our overview here: New Gallery! Curiosity#039;s Landing Explained. NASA's Curiosity rover has a daredevil ride ahead when it plunges toward the Red Planet for an Aug. 5 PDT landing. See how the landing will work in our newest gallery below:
The Curiosity rover is still a little over three weeks from its scheduled landing on Mars. As the spacecraft approaches its destination, here's a look back at all the previous missions that have attempted to land on the Red Planet: Stay on Target! NASA's newest Mars rover Curiosity is one month from landing on the Red Planet. Weighing in at 1 ton, Curiosity is the largest rover ever sent to Mars and Academic, is due to land late at night on Aug. 5 PDT (early Aug.
6 EDT). SPACE.com will offer complete coverage of Curiosity's Mars landing and 2-year mission on Samples, the Red Planet here. To start, check out Dorm Room Must Haves | Dorm, Lists And College our latest mission video: Nobel Prize for Physics: Einstein Would Be #039;Flabbergasted#039; by Gravitational Wave Win. Image of the Day. New Kids#039; Book Puts the Office Plan, Mind-Bogglingly Numbers of the Universe into Perspective. #039;What Happens Next#039; to Cosmic Rocker Joe Satriani? An All-Star Lineup!
Gravitational Waves: The Big Bang#039;s Smoking Gun.
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Specifications for Thesis Preparation. This entire document can be read from Office Floor Plan Samples, beginning to end or particular sections can be quickly referenced by using the table of contents. This guide has been prepared by the MIT Libraries, as prescribed by the Committee on Graduate Programs, to assist students and faculty in the preparation of theses. The Institute is committed to the preservation of Manager Resume | Best each student's thesis because it is both a requirement for the MIT degree and a record of Plan original research that contains information of Mother Bride Speeches: 12 Thoughtful lasting value. The requirements in this guide apply to all theses and have been specified both to facilitate the care and dissemination of the thesis and to assure the preservation of the Plan archival paper copy. Individual departments may dictate more stringent requirements. Questions not answered in 12 College Haves And College, this guide should be referred to the appropriate department officer or to the MIT Libraries (14N-118, [email protected], 617-253-5136). The academic department is required to deliver the proper number of copies of the Office Floor Plan thesis to the MIT Libraries within one month after the last day of the term in which the thesis was submitted (Faculty Regulation 2.72).
One copy is kept as part of the permanent archival collection, and the other copy is reserved for future disposition. An online catalog record, which includes the Example Perfect Resume Resume Examples Perfect Example thesis abstract, is prepared for all theses deposited in Office Plan Samples, the MIT Libraries. This information appears in Barton, our online catalog, which is accessible to researchers at other institutions through the Internet, as well as in the OCLC database WorldCat, an online international bibliographic system available to libraries and individuals worldwide. Blood Bank Form? PhD and ScD theses are also listed (with abstract) in ProQuest Dissertations Theses database ( PQDT ) and Dissertation Abstracts International ( DAI ). For each thesis received by the Libraries, a digital version is created and made publicly available in [email protected] (http://libraries.mit.edu/mit-theses). Copies of theses may be obtained through the MIT Libraries' Document Services (14-0551, 617-253-5668; [email protected]; http://libraries.mit.edu/docs/). Students may choose to submit a born-digital PDF of the thesis via the Libraries voluntary submission portal (http://thesis-dropbox.mit.edu/vireo/start). However, the electronic version is not considered to Office Floor Samples, be the official copy.
Degree candidates must submit the Assessment Form required copies of Office their theses to Shopping And College, the appropriate office of the department or program in which they are registered on the dates specified in the Academic Calendar. The Academic Calendar may be found in the MIT Bulletin and at http://web.mit.edu/registrar/www/calendar.html. September, February, and June are the only months in which degrees are awarded. Office Samples? Additional copies of the thesis may be required by the department. All theses should be turned in to the appropriate departmental office; the Manager Resume Example Resume office will deliver the theses to the MIT Libraries within a month after the last day of term. In this guide, the copy that remains in the Archives is called the first copy . Additional copies required for the divisional libraries (see following section) are referred to as the second and (possibly) third copies . The department may ask for copies in addition to those required for the Libraries. The student may, of course, keep personal copies. Not all departments send bachelor's theses to the Archives. Office Floor Plan? If your department does, only one copy should be submitted to the Archives. Please check the requirements of your department. Manager | Best Resume For You? Undergraduate students do not pay a library processing fee.
Number of copies: Normally, two copies are required for Floor Plan Samples, the Libraries €“ one for the Archives and a second for the appropriate divisional library. A third copy is required only Blood Bank Assessment Form when a student is submitting the same thesis to departments or programs from two separate MIT schools (e.g., Management and Floor Samples Engineering). If the departments are in the same school (e.g., Engineering Systems and Mechanical Engineering), only two copies are required. Doctoral theses only: A completed UMI/ProQuest form (see section below) with an additional copy of the Example Perfect Resume Example For title page and abstract stapled to Floor, it is also required. Most MIT theses are written by a single author. In those cases where two or more students are responsible, only a single copy (for undergraduates) or set of copies (for graduate students) should be submitted to the Archives. The title page of the thesis should bear the signatures of all authors and Of The Bride Examples thesis supervisors. (Permission to undertake collaborative thesis research must be obtained in advance from the Dean of Graduate Education [3-138, 617-253-4860, http://odge.mit.edu/gpp/degrees/thesis/joint-theses). Submission of Doctoral Thesis Abstract to International Database: UMI/ ProQuest Dissertations Theses Database.
Abstracts of all doctoral theses (PhD and ScD) will be submitted for inclusion in ProQuest Dissertations Theses , an online database used by researchers around the world. Office? PQDT can be searched by author name, subject terms, and all words in the title and Manager Resume Example | Best abstract. All MIT abstracts will contain a note stating that copies of the full text are available from [email protected] or the MIT Libraries' Document Services. Abstracts should be no longer than 350 words; longer abstracts will be edited by UMI/ProQuest. Please complete the UMI/ProQuest form at Office Plan, http://libraries.mit.edu/archives/thesis-specs/images/umi-proquest-form.pdf, staple it to a copy of your title page and abstract, and submit it with your thesis. The form may printed and completed by Of The Perfect Resume Resume Example, hand or opened and filled out in Office Floor Plan, Acrobat Reader, then printed. When filling out the form, choose the appropriate subject categories from the list provided with the form. Please take care both in choosing terms and writing them (if filling out the form by hand). Subject-based access to your thesis will depend on Academic Vs. Professional the accuracy of the information you provide and the precision with which it is transcribed by UMI/ProQuest.
It is especially important that your name appear on this form exactly as it does on Plan the title page and Vs. Professional abstract of your thesis. CHANGES AFTER SUBMISSION OF THESIS. All change made to a thesis, after the thesis has been submitted to the MIT Libraries by the student's department, must have prior approval from the Floor Plan Dean of Graduate or Undergraduate Education. When the Slip Templates For Ms Word purpose is to correct significant errors in content, the student should create an errata sheet using the form and instructions at http://libraries.mit.edu/archives/thesis-specs/images/errata-sheet.pdf and obtain approval from both thesis supervisor or program chair and the Dean for Graduate or Undergraduate Education. If the purpose of change is to excise classified, proprietary, or confidential information, the student should fill out the application form at http://libraries.mit.edu/archives/thesis-specs/images/page-substitution.pdf and have the request approved by the thesis supervisor or program chair and the Dean for Graduate or Undergraduate Education. Office Floor Samples? Students and supervisors should vet thesis content carefully before submission to avoid both scenarios whenever possible. Students receiving advanced degrees from Deposit Slip & Excel Templates, MIT are required to pay a library processing fee: $115.00 for a doctoral thesis ($50 for Floor Plan, processing and $65 for the UMI/ProQuest abstract fee) and $50.00 for all other advanced-degree theses. Undergraduate students do not pay a processing fee. Thesis charges are billed to the student€™s account when the thesis title is entered on the degree application. Please refer to the academic calendar on the Registrar€™s website to review relevant deadline dates. All copies must be submitted to Manager Example, the student€™s department unbound between cardboard covers; the Office Samples thesis and covers should be clipped or tied together, NOT stapled or punched.
Recycled temporary covers and binder clips are available in a cabinet in the first floor stairwell of Hayden Library, near the circulation desk. Hospital Assessment? The front cover should be labeled with the following information: author's name, thesis title, course, month and year of graduation, and Office Samples which copy it is (first, second, or third). The MIT Libraries pay for the binding of theses retained in Mother 12 Thoughtful Examples, their collection. Personal copies may be bound in hard or soft cover at MIT CopyTech or many commercial binderies in the Boston area. The Institute's policy concerning ownership of Office Floor Samples thesis copyright is covered in Rules and Regulations of the Hospital Bank Faculty , 2.73. (http://web.mit.edu/faculty/governance/rules/2.70.html) and MIT Policies and Procedures 13.1.3 (http://web.mit.edu/policies/13/13.1.html#sub3). The following are guidelines to Office Floor Plan, assist the student in Example Resume Examples Perfect Example, determining who holds ownership of the thesis copyright: The Institute will hold ownership of the copyrights to theses if: the thesis research is performed in whole or in part by the student with financial support in the form of Office Floor Plan wages, salary, stipend, or grant from funds administered by the Institute. the thesis research is performed in whole or in part utilizing equipment or facilities provided to the Institute under conditions that impose copyright restrictions.. In general, students may retain ownership of thesis copyrights when the only form of support is (a) teaching assistantships (the duties of which do not include research activities) and Word & Excel (b) NSF and NIH traineeships and Office fellowships (although the trainee or fellow may be required to grant certain publishing rights to NSF or NIH). Actual determination of a student's status is Bride Speeches: Examples made by reference to the account from which the Floor Plan Samples student receives support.
Questions regarding restrictions imposed on any of the Institute's facilities or equipment may be addressed to the administrative officer of the laboratory or department or to the appropriate contract administrator in the Office of Sponsored Programs (http://osp.mit.edu/). Specific questions on permission to copyright should be referred to the Technology Licensing Office (617-253-6966, [email protected]). When copyright ownership is held by the student, the student must, as condition of a degree award, grant royalty-free permission to the Institute to reproduce and publicly distribute copies of the thesis, and must place the Academic following legend on the thesis title page: The author hereby grants to MIT permission to reproduce and to distribute publicly paper and electronic copies of Office Plan this thesis document in whole or in part in any medium now known or hereafter created. For such theses, requests for permission to use portions of the Deposit Slip For Ms thesis in third-party publications must be addressed to and granted by the student author. When copyright is held by the Institute, students and Floor third parties should contact the Hospital Bank Assessment MIT Technology Licensing Office (617-253-6966, [email protected]) to Office Plan, obtain permission to | Best Resume, reuse thesis content in other publications. However, the student is authorized to post electronic versions of the student€™s own thesis, in whole or in part, on the World Wide Web. Any further publication of the Office Floor Plan thesis in whole or in Hospital Bank Form, part shall be made only with the authorization of the Technology Licensing Office, in consultation with the head of the department or course in which the student was registered when the thesis was accepted.
Regardless of whether copyright is held by the student or the Institute, the Plan MIT Libraries publish the thesis electronically in [email protected] (http://dspace.mit.edu) allowing open access viewing and limited downloading/ printing. Students may request a waiver of Manager Resume Example | Best Resume For You Institute copyright by written application to the Institute's Technology Licensing Office (http://tlo.mit.edu/). The waiver shall be granted only if the retained rights of the student as described in this guide are inadequate for the student€™s needs and if a license from the Institute to the student would also be inadequate. Any such waiver of the Institute€™s copyright shall be subject to a royalty-free grant from the student to the Institute to publicly distribute copies of the thesis, in whole or in part. The student must also place the legend above on the thesis title page. Implementation: How to Copyright a Thesis. Each student should place the appropriate copyright notice on the thesis. Copyright notice consists of four elements: the symbol c with a circle around it © and/or the word copyright, the year of publication (the year in which the degree is to Office Samples, be awarded), the name of the copyright owner, and the words All rights reserved. These four elements should appear together on the title page (or verso of the Deposit Slip For Ms | Word title page).
student is copyright owner: © 2008 Jane Doe. Floor Samples? All rights reserved. Institute is Example | Best Resume copyright owner: © 2008 Massachusetts Institute of Technology. All rights reserved. See sample title pages.
A copyright notice should also appear on any non-paper material (e.g., DVD or CD) included with a thesis. Use of Previously Published Material in a Thesis. Each student is responsible for obtaining permission, if necessary, to include previously published material in the thesis. This applies to Samples, most third-party materials (i.e., those created and Manager Resume | Best published by someone else); it may also apply to the student€™s own previous work. If, for example, a student has already published part of the Office Samples thesis as a journal article and, as a condition of publication, has assigned title to the journal's publisher, the student has no further rights in Dorm Must Haves | Dorm, Lists, the article. Written permission must be obtained from the publisher to include the article, or any portion of it, in the thesis. Similarly, permission must be obtained to include papers written while the student was employed by Office Floor, a commercial company or non-profit organization if title belongs to the company or organization. A sample permission letter can be obtained from the Office of the General Counsel (https://ogc.mit.edu/frequently-asked-questions). If the student knows, prior to publication or employment, that such material will be included in a thesis, he or she may wish to retain title to the material or to reserve sufficient rights to use the material. Further information is Dorm Room Haves | Dorm, And College available at Scholarly Publishing @MIT Libraries (http://libraries.mit.edu/scholarly/) or by contacting copyright-l[email protected] for more information. POLICY FOR TEMPORARY RESTRICTIONS ON THE DISTRIBUTION OF THESES.
Thesis research should be undertaken in light of MIT's policy of Office Plan open research and the free interchange of information. Written notification of Dorm Haves patent holds and other restrictions must reach the Institute Archives before the thesis in Office, question is received, since under normal circumstances all theses are open and available for Academic, public inspection once they have been received by the Archives. Office Floor Samples? When there is good reason for delaying the distribution of a thesis, the procedures below should be followed. For additional details on procedures for temporary restrictions, please see Graduate Policies and 12 College Dorm Must Shopping And College Procedures at http://odge.mit.edu/gpp/degrees/thesis/restrictions-on-thesis-publication/. When MIT holds the rights to any intellectual property contained in a thesis, students and their supervisors must work with the Office Floor MIT Technology Licensing Office (http://web.mit.edu/tlo/www/) to Manager Resume Example | Best Resume, determine if a patent application is to Office Floor Plan Samples, be filed. 12 College Dorm Room Haves | Dorm, Shopping? If so, the Technology Licensing Office will notify the Institute Archives, and the thesis will be withheld from distribution for Floor Plan, up to three months. If an extension is required, application must be made to Slip Templates Word, the Vice President for Research, who will inform the Archives if an extension is Plan approved. When a student holds the Deposit For Ms | Word rights to any intellectual property contained in Office Plan Samples, his or her thesis, application for permission to withhold a thesis must be made to the Dean for Graduate Education for graduate theses or the Dean for Undergraduate Education for undergraduate theses. If the hold is granted, the dean will inform the Archives, and Hospital Bank the thesis will be withheld for a period of three months. If an extension is required, application must be made to the Vice President for Research.
A student should not embark without prior approval on a thesis that requires government restrictions. The Institute recognizes that certain government agencies which sponsor research may require that theses be submitted for security review before they can be placed in Office Samples, the Libraries or published. Occasionally, on completing a thesis, a student may believe that its distribution will jeopardize the privacy or safety of the Dorm Room Must Shopping And College author, other individuals, or organizations. If the thesis cannot be rewritten to remove the Office Floor Samples problematic material, the author and supervisor should submit the thesis to the director of the program, who will prepare a recommendation for the Dean for Graduate Education for graduate theses or the Bank Form Dean for Office Plan Samples, Undergraduate Education for undergraduate theses, who will then consult with the Vice President for Research. The appropriate office will advise the Institute Archives of the Haves And College restricted period. Office Plan? In all cases the restricted period should be kept to a minimum.
The title page is always considered to be page 1, and every page must be included in the count regardless of whether a number is physically printed on a page. The entire thesis (including title page, prefatory material, illustrations, and all text and appendices) must be paginated in one consecutive numbering sequence. Theses should be prepared double-sided whenever possible. In a double-sided thesis, both sides of every page (starting with the title page and including any pages that have been left blank) must be accounted for in the numbering sequence. Therefore, in a double-sided thesis, odd-numbered pages are always on Hospital Blood Form the right and even-numbered pages on the left. Pages with illustrations may be single-sided, but both sides should be counted. Single-sided theses should be numbered only on the front of every sheet. When using thesis templates on Athena, use caution and verify that the pagination requirements are being met. Your work will be a more valuable research tool for other scholars if it can be located easily. Floor Plan? Search engines use the words in the title, and 12 College Dorm Must Haves Lists And College sometimes other descriptive words, to locate works.
Therefore, be sure to select a title that is a meaningful description of the content of your manuscript; and when possible, use word substitutes for Office Floor Plan, formulas, symbols, superscripts, Greek letters, etc., which do not appear on most computer keyboards and Of The Bride Speeches: 12 Thoughtful would make your title more difficult to Office Plan, search. The Effects of Ion Implantation and Annealing on the Properties of Titanium Silicide [not TiSi 2 ] Films on Silicon Substrates Radiative Decays of the J/Psi [not J/ ψ] to Resume Example | Best Resume, Two Pseudoscalar Final States The title page of the first copy must bear the Office original signatures of the author, supervisor, and chairman; a photocopy of the signed title page is Mother acceptable for the second copy. The title page should contain the title, name of the author, previous degrees, the Floor degree(s) to be awarded at MIT, the Deposit Slip Templates For Ms Word | Word & Excel date the degree(s) will be conferred (June, September, or February only), copyright notice, and appropriate names and signatures. For candidates receiving two degrees, both degrees to be awarded should appear on the title page.
For candidates receiving degrees across departments or programs, all degrees and departments or programs should appear on the title page and the signatures of both department heads/committee chairmen are required. Whenever there are co-supervisors, both signatures are required. Each thesis offered for a graduate degree must include an abstract, preferably one single-spaced page, but never more than two pages (generally less than 350 words). The abstract should be thought of Office Plan Samples as a brief descriptive summary rather than a lengthy introduction to the thesis. Doctoral abstracts are submitted for inclusion in Must Haves | Dorm, Shopping And College, UMI/ProQuest€™s Dissertation Abstracts International and ProQuest Dissertations Theses database ( PQDT ). Doctoral candidates should keep their abstracts under 350 words. Longer abstracts will be edited and shortened by UMI/ProQuest . Floor? Databases such as PQDT provide full-text searching of abstracts, so the presence of significant key words in a short abstract will facilitate access. The abstract should immediately follow the Mother 12 Thoughtful Examples title page.
Biographical Note and Acknowledgment. Although not a requirement, each thesis may contain a short biography of the Floor candidate, including institutions attended and dates of attendance, degrees and honors, titles of publications, teaching and professional experience, and other matters that may be pertinent. An acknowledgment page may also be included. These sections may be single-spaced. Please note that your thesis will be publicly available online at [email protected], which is regularly crawled and indexed by Google and other search-engine providers.. The style of Of The Bride Examples quotations, footnotes, and bibliographic references may be prescribed by your department.
If your department does not prescribe a style or specify a style manual, choose one and be consistent. Further information is available on the web site of the MIT Writing Center (http://cmsw.mit.edu/writing-and-communication-center/citation-formats/). NOTES AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC REFERENCES. Whenever possible, notes should be placed at the bottom of the appropriate page or in the body of the Office Samples text. Deposit Slip Word & Excel? Notes should conform to the style appropriate to the discipline. If notes appear at the bottom of the page, they should be single-spaced and included within the specified margins (see section below). It may be appropriate to place bibliographic references either at the end of the chapter in which they occur or at Office Floor Plan Samples, the end of the thesis.. The same paper size and quality, pagination, margins, notes, and illustration requirements apply to appendices.
They support the research in your thesis and should be as readable and reproducible as the rest of your work. Page numbering should continue the consecutive pagination of the Perfect Resume Examples Example thesis. For the main body of the Floor Samples text, including appendices and front matter, font size should be at Hospital Blood, least 11-point and Floor should not be script or italic. Italics may, however, be used for short quotations or to highlight variables in Bank Assessment Form, an equation, for Office Floor Samples, example. Notes and the text in tables, etc., should not be smaller than 10-point. Top, bottom, and both side margins must be at least an inch wide (1) to allow for binding and trimming. All information (text headings, notes, and illustrations), excluding page numbers , must be within the text area.
Theses should be prepared using both sides of the paper (double-sided) whenever possible. Oversize sheets must be folded to come within the text area so the folds will not be trimmed off or bound in during the binding procedure. The text of the thesis may be single- double- or one-and-a-half-spaced. The abstract, biography, notes, bibliography, and acknowledgment should be single-spaced. If you are writing your thesis on Bride Athena, follow the Office Plan Samples formatting and typeface instructions under the LATEX or FRAME olc stock answer topics by typing the command olc_answers on any Athena workstation. If you are preparing your thesis on Blood Bank Athena, follow the instructions under the LATEX or FRAME olc stock answer topics by typing the command olc_answers. When using Athena templates, be sure the format conforms to the required specifications, especially for Office Samples, the title page and pagination. Final copies should be printed on the printer Thesis (11-004), which is stocked with acid-neutral, Libraries-approved thesis paper. First copy: For the first copy the paper must be chosen for Slip Templates Templates, its permanence and Office Floor Plan durability. This is the copy that should bear the original signatures.
The paper must be (a) acid€‘neutral or acid-free, (b) watermarked, (c) at least 20-lb. weight, and (d) contain at least 25% cotton. It may contain some post-consumer waste (pcw) recycled material. The following 20€‘lb. watermarked acid€‘neutral papers are examples of those that are acceptable. Mohawk Via Bright White (available at CopyTech, 11-004) Xerox Image Elite Crane's Thesis Paper Hammermill Bond Strathmore Bond. Second copy: The paper for the second copy should be (a) acid-neutral or acid-free, (b) at least 20-lb. weight, and (c) contain 25% cotton. Example Of The Perfect Resume Resume Perfect Example For? It need not be watermarked. The following are not acceptable for either copy: MIT bond, erasable paper, or regular paper from Office, photocopy machines. The paper used should be sufficiently opaque so that text and illustrations on one side do not impair readability on the other.
If there are any questions about the acceptability of Resume Example | Best Resume For You paper, contact the Institute Archives ([email protected], 617-253-5136). The standard size for theses is Office Floor 8˝ by 11 inches (see section on oversized pages). DOUBLE-SIDED OR SINGLE-SIDED PRINTING. Double-sided printing is strongly recommended. However, the paper should be sufficiently opaque so that text and illustrations on one side do not impair readability on the other side. Bride Speeches: 12 Thoughtful? A single-sided illustration page in a double-sided thesis should be numbered on both sides. When creating a double-sided copy, be sure that the page numbers are either in the center or on the outside edge of each page. Charts, graphs, tables, etc., should be reduced whenever possible to an 8˝-by-11-inch format.
If material is not reducible, oversize sheets must be folded to come within the text area so the folds will not be trimmed off or bound in during the binding procedure. Acceptable 11-by-17-inch watermarked paper can be requested at CopyTech (11-004). Students may print their theses in full color. Theses containing color figures, illustrations, and Office Floor Samples photos will be scanned in color and converted to color PDFs for inclusion in [email protected] Please be aware that heavily saturated color graphics may €śbleed through€ť and compromise legibility for double-sided pages. In such cases, use of single-sided printing or heavier, less transparent paper stock is Hospital Blood Bank Assessment Form advised.. Pages containing photographs should be numbered as regular pages. A single-sided photograph page in a double-sided thesis should be numbered on both sides. All graphics must respect the 1€ť margins. Digital and magnetic materials such as cassette tapes, CDs, and Office Plan Samples DVDs may accompany the Of The Bride Speeches: 12 Thoughtful written text of the thesis; one should accompany each copy of the thesis submitted . Office Plan? No guarantee can be given that the Libraries can preserve, reproduce, or make this information available in the future.
Therefore, when feasible, the Deposit Slip For Ms Word Templates information that is in these forms should also be represented in the written text of the thesis. A label containing the author's name, the Office Floor Plan Samples date of the thesis, and the copyright notice must be applied to all material in Mother Of The Bride Speeches: 12 Thoughtful, non-paper format. The label should also include any relevant technical information, such as software or hardware specifications. Is the author€™s full name on the title page and Office Floor the abstract? (See sections on title page and abstract.) Before submitting to your department.
Are all necessary signatures on the title page of Hospital Blood Assessment Form each copy? (See section on title page ) Institute Archives and Special Collections. Technology Licensing Office. One Cambridge Center. Cambridge, MA 02142. Office of the General Counsel. Office of the Dean for Graduate Education. Dean for Undergraduate Education.
Office of the Vice President for Research. Prepared by the MIT Libraries. as prescribed by the Committee on Graduate Programs.
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8 Business Online Backup Services Reviewed. Business online backup isn#39;t always consumer-grade online backup with a different name and higher price. Office Floor? Business and enterprise cloud backup plans often offer serious advantages like advanced user management, intelligent dashboards, business-class support, and more. Of course consumer and the business online backup share important features: always-on backup, a focus on security, and of course the knowledge that the important data that keeps your business running will never be lost. Below are short reviews of every reputable business online backup service I#39;ve heard of. Please let me know if I#39;ve missed a provider or an update is needed. Note: See my Online Backup Services Reviewed list if you#39;re interested in a backup plan for 12 Thoughtful Examples your home or home office. You might also want to read through my Online Backup FAQ for Office Floor answers to Resume Example For, common questions about home, business, and enterprise online backup. Carbonite has been around for a long time and offers some very popular consumer-grade backup plans. Their business online backup plans are also very popular. Carbonite#39;s business plans come with an Admin Dashboard , support for 128-bit Blowfish encryption, unlimited computers, and Office Floor Plan Samples, options for greater installation and recovery support than you#39;ll find in their non-business plans.
Carbonite has three business plans: Core , with 250 GB of storage; Power , with 500 GB of storage but with Windows server backup too; and Ultimate that includes 500 GB as well but protects physical and virtual servers too, plus includes image and bare metal recovery, among other things. Carbonite#39;s business online backup plans are HIPAA compliant and support an Dorm Shopping Lists, unlimited number of devices . Additional backup space can be had in 100 GB increments for $99.99 /year . Office Plan? As you can see, Carbonite#39;s business plans are structured a bit differently than some of the other ones I#39;ve reviewed, so let#39;s look at Example Perfect Perfect Example For two examples so it#39;s easier to compare: A business with 5 computers (no servers) with no more than 250 GB of total space needed is best off with a 3-year prepayment of Floor Plan, Carbonite#39;s Core business plan for Blood Bank Assessment Form $728.99 (which is around $20.25 /month ). With 25 computers and 1 TB of cloud backup space needed, a larger business (with servers) gets the best deal with a 3-year prepayment of Carbonite#39;s Power business plan. Due to Office, the need to Hospital Bank Assessment Form, add 500 GB of extra storage onto the plan, the grand total would be $3,119.84 (about $86.66 /month ). Check out Carbonite#39;s Server Plans if your business needs to Office, back up live applications or databases like SQL, Exchange, or Oracle. More Continue Reading Below. Academic Vs. Professional? CrashPlan for Small Business is another one of my favorite business online backup services. CrashPlan encrypts data at 448-bit, making it one of the more secure services. Some of my favorite things about CrashPlan are unlimited versioning, support for a very wide variety of Office Plan Samples, operating systems, mobile apps for Academic Vs. Professional all major smartphone platforms, and an easy to use interface. CrashPlan has just one, very simple plan: unlimited data for Office Floor Plan Samples $10.00 /month /computer . For example, for a business with 5 computers , you will get space for unlimited data for $50.00 /month . A larger business, say with 25 computers , will have a $250.00 /month bill.
Unlimited data here too, of course. Their enterprise-class plan offers bonus features that very large organizations (over 200 computers) will appreciate like public/private cloud options, no data limits, and Bank Assessment, more. Contact them for pricing. Office? More Continue Reading Below. Backblaze is Hospital Bank Form another fantastic business online backup service. Everything about it is simple, including deployment, function, and pricing.
Backblaze has just one plan: unlimited storage for $50 /computer /year . Office Floor Samples? Unlike some other business online backup services, you#39;ll never need to worry about how much backup space you#39;ll need. Some simple math will get you a real-world example: a business with 5 computers can back up an unlimited amount of data for the equivalent of $20.83 /month with Backblaze. A business with 25 computers can back up unlimited data with Backblaze for around $104.17 /month with a 1-year prepayment. Backblaze keeps your critical business data very secure, using a 128-bit key to Academic, encrypt data and storing that key with 2048-bit RSA encryption. Backblaze#39;s business plan has a 5-computer minimum. If your business has less than five computers, you can always sign up for Office Plan Samples their standard service. See my Backblaze Review for more on it. If deployment and 12 College Room Must | Dorm, Shopping, management of yet another software program concerns you, or if making decisions about Office Floor what data on your employee#39;s computers should be backed up worries you, or if you#39;re anxious about Form incurring overage charges as your data backup needs change, then Backblaze is the online backup service your business has been looking for. Plan Samples? If you need to back up a server, you can pay $5 /month /TB with their B2 Cloud Storage plan. More SOS has one of the most popular consumer-grade backup plans in Haves And College, the world so it#39;s no surprise that their business online backup offering doesn#39;t disappoint either.
With SOS, you get centralized management, unlimited file versioning, 256-bit AES encryption as well as custom encryption keys, NAS and external device backup, mobile apps, support for Floor Plan Samples unlimited PCs, Macs, and Of The Resume Resume Examples, smartphones, and lots more. SOS Business comes in seven plans. Floor Plan? For an example, consider a requirement of Mother Of The Examples, 250 GB or 1,000 GB of storage. Respectively, these plans would come in at Office Floor Plan $50.00 /month and Example Perfect Examples Perfect Example For, $158.33 /month if you prepay for Floor Samples a year of Of The Resume Examples For, service. Since SOS#39;s plans are based not on the number of Office Plan Samples, computers, but instead on the online backup storage space your business needs, it#39;s pretty simple to determine how much their business-class service will run you based on the size of your company.
Infrascale Backup is Perfect Resume Resume Examples Perfect SOS#39;s enterprise-class cloud backup service, with support for Samples server operating systems, Microsoft Exchange, SQL, more than 1 TB of backup space, and Academic Vs. Professional, bare metal imaging. More Continue Reading Below. Mozy is Floor Plan a serious player in Manager Example Resume, the business online backup world. They were easily the most popular consumer-grade provider for Office Floor Samples many years and are now a popular option for Blood Bank business and enterprise customers. Office Floor Samples? Being owned and supported by EMC Corporation doesn#39;t hurt. As with all business-class backup services, security is a big deal with MozyPro. You have the Manager Example option of 256-bit AES encryption using your own key, or 448-bit Blowfish encryption if you let Mozy manage it. MozyPro plans are based on the storage you need and Office, whether or not you need servers - all plans allow for backup from an Templates For Ms Word | Word Templates, unlimited number of computers . Office Plan Samples? Let#39;s take a small business with 5 computers and a total backup need of 12 Thoughtful, 250 GB . Floor Plan Samples? In this example, MozyPro runs $110.98 /month , or as low as $67.98 /month with a 2-year prepayment.
A slightly larger business, with 25 computers and 1 TB of storage needs, would run $409.98 /month with MozyPro, slightly less with a 2-year upfront payment. Note: The prices here are for unlimited servers, desktops, and Academic Vs. Professional, laptops. Prices are slightly less without servers, and even more inexpensive if you prepay for Floor Plan Samples one or two years. Mozy also offers enterprise-class online backup, unsurprisingly called MozyEnterprise. It offers the additional support and features that you#39;d expect from a backup service intended for larger companies. More SugarSync is another company that offers business online backup. Business-class features like live support and Of The Perfect Resume Examples Example For, an admin dashboard set SugarSync#39;s business plan apart from Floor Plan their very popular consumer plans.
SugarSync offers one 1,000 GB plan that starts with 3 users with extra users running $13 /month /user . Here are some scenarios to help you compare SugarSync Business with the other business online backup services on my list: A business with five users will get 1,000 GB of online backup space for $81.00 /month . Manager Resume | Best Resume For You? A 25 user business must share the same 1,000 GB of space for Office Plan Samples around $275.00 /month . Mobile apps for Vs. Professional Android and iOS, easy file sharing, 256-bit AES encryption, and Office Floor Plan, remote data wiping are a few more of the many great features you get with SugarSync for Of The Speeches: 12 Thoughtful Examples Business. Office? If you have more than three users, you may be able to get a better deal that what I#39;ve calculated above by contacting them for a Custom plan. Dorm Room Must | Dorm, Lists? That#39;s the way to go as well if you need more than the 1,000 GB in their standard business plan. Continue Reading Below. OpenDrive also offers a business online backup plan, called Business Unlimited which, as you can guess, offers unlimited storage for your backed up business files.
In addition to unlimited storage in Office Floor Plan, their Business Unlimited plan, OpenDrive offers support for backup from an unlimited number computers, no file size limits, unlimited upload (backup) bandwidth, 256 AES custom encryption keys, an admin console for management, file versioning up to 99 versions, and lots more. For a 5 user business, unlimited cloud backup runs $497 /year, or $41.42 /month . A 25 user business gets unlimited backup space for Speeches: $1,487 /year, or $123.92 /month . Both of the plan options from above are with the 1-year prepayment option. Prices are a bit higher if you plan on paying by the month. More Zoolz Business has several pre-configured plans you can pick from, all of which include backup space for an unlimited number of computers and servers. The storage for these plans ranges from 1 TB all the way to 50 TB#43;. To make things easier, Zoolz lets you build your own custom plan. Using the #34;Mix and Match#34; tool, you can define exactly how many computers or servers you need to back up, how much space you require, and whether you#39;d like to use Cold Storage and/or Instant Storage . As an example, say you have 5 computers you need to back up, with a combined storage space requirement of 250 GB . The cheapest way to do this would be to build your own plan and Office Plan Samples, get 300 GB of instant/hot storage for Perfect Resume Resume Example as low as $240 /year ($20.00 /month). If you were to opt for Plan Samples just Cold Storage instead, by Resume Example | Best choosing the Office Plan Samples smallest closest amount of 500 GB, the cost would fall to Of The Perfect Resume Examples, $200 /year ($16.67 /month) When building your own plan, you can combine Instant Storage and Cold Storage , but sometimes it makes more sense to Office, stick to one.
If your organization requires 1 TB of Haves | Dorm, Shopping, space for Office Floor Plan something like 25 users , the Academic Vs. Professional 1 TB Cold Storage option puts you at Office Floor Plan Samples $400.00 /year , whereas the Hot Storage (instant storage) would raise the price to $800.00 /year. However, 500 GB of both storage types (to equal 1 TB in total) means you#39;re paying $600.00 /year. Zoolz Business also has a number of features worth mentioning: your files are never deleted from Deposit Word & Excel Templates your account when they#39;re removed from Office Plan Samples a computer, you can upload files directly to the Zoolz website, permissions for users can be centrally managed, all files are transferred and stored using 256-bit AES encryption, and much more. More Aren't There More Business Online Backup Services? Absolutely.
I'm currently looking closer at a number of additional business online backup services from companies like Iron Mountain, Barracuda, Rackspace, NETGEAR, SpiderOak, and many more. You'll see them all reviewed and ranked soon.
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Dhyana or Meditation In Hindu Tradition. This essays explores the practice of dhyana or meditation in Hinduism, from a historical perspective, based on the Hindu scriptures such as the Veda Samhitas, the Plan Upanishads, the Bhagavadgita and the Tantra shastras, with a brief analysis of Deposit Slip Word | Word & Excel meditation practices of Jainism and Buddhism. The purpose of meditation or dhyana is to become consciously aware of or investigate into one's own mind and body to know oneself. It is essentially an Office Floor, exclusive as well as an inclusive process, in which one withdraws one's mind and senses from the distractions of the world and contemplates upon Vs. Professional a chosen object or idea with concentration. It is focused thinking with or without the exercise of individual will, in which the mind and Floor Plan, the body has to be brought together to function as one harmonious whole. With the help of meditation we can overcome our mental blocks, negative thinking, debilitating fears, stress and anxiety by knowing their cause and dealing with them. Manager Example | Best Resume For You. In dhyana we gain insightful awareness whereby we can control over Office our responses and reactions. Through its regular practice, we come to Hospital understand the nature of things, the impermanence of our corporeal existence, the fluctuations of our minds, the source of our own suffering and Office Floor, its possible resolution. The difference between meditation and contemplation is Vs. Professional mostly academic.
According to, some meditation is an insightful observation and contemplation a concentrated reflection, with detachment being the Office Floor Samples common factor between the Example Of The Perfect Perfect Example two. In this essay both the words are used interchangeably to convey the same meaning as dhayna. Dhyana is a Sanskrit word. Dhi means receptacle or the mind and yana means moving or going. Dhyana means journey or movement of the mind. It is a mental activity of the mind (dhi). In Hindu philosophy, the mind (manas) is Floor Plan Samples viewed as a receptacle (dhi) into which thoughts pour back and forth from the universal pool of thought forms. According to Hindu tradition, the human mind has the creative potency of God. You become what you think. You are a sum total of your thoughts and desires, not only of this life but also of your past lives. What you think and desire grows upon you, becomes part of your latent impressions (samskaras) and influence the Vs. Professional course of your life here and here after.
These samskaras determine the future course of your lives as they accompany you to the next world. All your mental actions are part of your karma as much as any physical action. Even the Office Plan Samples animals have the ability to evolve into higher being through their mental focus 1 . Meditation is observing the inward and outward movement of Slip For Ms | Word & Excel Templates thoughts that are coming and going out of the mind, with silence (maunam), stability (dhiram) and detachment (vairagyam). According to Hindu theories of creation, all the Office Floor Samples beings and worlds emanated from God (mentioned as Brahma in some scriptures and Brahman in others) through meditation only. Its mysteries and its dimensions can be comprehended in transcendental states of self-absorption which is possible through meditation only.
Since each individual is a carbon copy of the universe, by | Best For You understanding ourselves we can understand the manifest universe. Thus our ancient rishis practiced meditation and contemplation to discover the truths concerning themselves and the world around them. In their deep meditative states they envisioned the Vedic wisdom and Samples, Universal Self. Example Perfect Perfect For. Since the knowledge poured forth into their receptive and stabilized minds from the universal consciousness, on its own, without any egoistic intention or selfishness on their part, it is considered as not man made (apaurusheya), but divine and truthful (pramana). All thoughts and knowledge exist in the universe. Plan. We do not create thoughts, although we erroneously believe so, just as we are not the Of The Bride Examples real doers of our actions, as declared in the Bhagavadgita, but mere instruments in the hands of God. Floor Plan. We can only receive them and make meaning out of them according to the flow of our inclinations, intentions, intellect and Academic Vs. Professional, attitudes. The most exalted spiritual truths are revealed to us in our moments of reverential silence, when our minds are focused, the senses and Plan Samples, the self-sense are asleep and the desires are extinguished. The six Hindu schools of philosophy are so called darshanas (visions) because they are products of Templates Word | Word & Excel Templates such receptive process in Floor, which knowledge was envisioned (darsanam) in the pit of the For Ms Word & Excel human mind that was untainted by the impurities of worldly life. While the followers of respective schools may argue or quarrel about the merits and demerits of their respective systems of philosophy, from a spiritual perspective, we hold them to be different standpoints of the same universal knowledge revealed to man at different points of time in Samples, history, and like any other standpoint they represent a particular view of the reality and do not wholly represent the universal reality itself, which is well rounded, eternal, infinite and absolute in itself without divisions, grades and contradictions.
The Vedic seers did not use the word dhyana in the early Vedic theology. But through their own personal experience, they were aware of the importance of the mind and its ability to manifest things. They viewed creation as the mental manifestation of the Isvara or Brahman, the universal Self and they believe through austerities and penances man could acquire similar potencies. The creation of an alternate heaven(trisanku) by sage Viswamitra is a case in point. According to Jenine Miller, a British scholar, the Vedic prayer was a form of dhyana in which the two sense functions, vision and sound, seership and singing are intimately connected. 2. The Vedic concept of dhayna or meditation seems to Academic have evolved gradually with the emergence of Upanishadic thought and the idea that man personified the entire universe within himself and by himself and that hidden deep within him was an eternal principle that was Universal Self in its individual aspect. Either man (purusha) was a projection of the Office Floor universe in 12 College Dorm Room Must Haves | Dorm, Shopping Lists And College, its own mode or the universe was a projection of the individual self (purusha) in its own form.
Both views enjoyed patronage of scholarly minds. If the former was true, our existence was ephemeral and Office Plan, part of a much larger dream, and Academic Vs. Professional, If the latter was true, then the universe might be an illusion. Office Floor Plan Samples. In either case the world seemed to be unreal or illusory, a view that caught the attention of Hindu scholars for centuries and found its way into the monistic (advauta) philosophy of Shankara. Miller proposed the view that in the beginning the Vedic seers held Brahman to be a meditative state, not a universal entity. She suggested that the Academic Vedic seers practiced three different types of meditation and were familiar with three states of transcendental reality, which they identified with Brahman. Samples. In addition they were also familiar with the forth state although it was not explicitly mentioned in the early Vedic hymns. They are: Mantric meditation or meditation on the Vedic mantras with concentration, Visual meditation or meditation on a particular deity with illumined thought, Absorption in mind and heart or meditation on illumined insight residing in the mind and Bank, the heart. Samadhi or the experience of the ecstatic state of Brahman was the fourth state of Brahman, which is Office Floor Plan Samples not mentioned in the Rigveda but described in the Mandukya Upanishad as the Fourth state (turiya)..
The early Vedic hymns may not mention the Hospital Blood word dhyana or dharana explicitly, but we have indications in the scriptures to believe that the Rigvedic seers were familiar with contemplative and meditative methods of self-enquiry. The Upanishads are not speculative works of human imagination, but revelatory scriptures envisioned by the Seers as they were exploring the riddles of Floor Plan human existence. Similarly the Vedic hymns, constituting the samhitas, were transmitted to them in deep meditative states. Apart from the Seers and Rishs, the Vedic texts mention many types of ascetics, including kesins, 3 the long haired ones, who appear to have practiced some kind of breath control, with elements of shamanism, mantra and tantra yoga, and had the ability to display some siddhis (perfectiosn) such as levitation. Vratyas were another group of Perfect Examples ascetics, outside the pale of Vedic society, who seem to have been treated rather unfairly by the Vedic scholars and Office Floor Plan Samples, who practiced austerities and esoteric rituals, some of which found their way into Hinduism possibly through Saivism. Descriptions of meditation practice in the Upanishads. In the Upanishads words such as dhaya, dhvai, manta, drsti, mati are used to denote meditation 4 . Tapas was a more popular spiritual practice in which meditation formed part of a set of austerities and penances that were aimed to generate bodily heat or inner fire to burn away the impurities of the mind and the body. Tapas was rooted in Dorm Room Haves | Dorm, Lists, Vedic tradition, a system by itself, having its own body of practices, which thrived prior to the emergence of the Floor classical yoga as a standard spiritual practice.
It was practiced by many seers and Perfect Examples, sages of the Vedic and epic age, who believed that tapas was the source of the Office Floor Plan Samples creative potency even in case of gods. According to the Rigveda, the word emanated from the primordial Being by Of The Bride Speeches: Examples the great heat of Floor Plan austerity (tapas) 5 Another word that is used in the Upanishads frequently to Of The Resume Resume Example denote meditation is upasana, a meditative practice that seems to have gradually evolved into dhyana. Compared to upasana, dhayana is a more concentrated and meditative practice without the outward ritual component and Office Plan, the devotional fervor. The word upansana is used in the Upanishads in a boarder sense to denotes ritual worship or service, with or without the employment of udgita (Aum), ritual chants or sacrificial mantras. The practice seems to have developed with the 12 College Must Haves Shopping And College evolution of the Vedic thought, as is evident in the Briahdaranyaka Upanishad, one of the earliest Upanishads, which led to the identification of the human body with the cosomos 6 , internalization of Office Floor Plan Vedic ritual and Of The Resume Examples For, internal worship, through contemplation, of various divinities such as the vital breaths, fire, water, speech, mind, the eyes, the body and the consciousness, each representing a particular aspect of the Floor Samples manifest creation. In this progressive form of Dorm And College meditation, which proceeded from the outer to the inner, worshipping the inmost Self or Brahman was considered to be the best 7 . These early ideas gradually gave way to Office Plan more advanced forms of meditation which sought to control the mind and the body for experiencing various transcendental states of Academic Vs. Professional consciousness. The knowledge of these states was kept confidential and expressed mostly in Plan Samples, symbolic terms. Brahman was now recognized as the highest and supreme Reality rather than mere meditative state.
The realization that beyond all divinities existed the resplendent and inmost Self and that it could be attained by withdrawing the Deposit Slip | Word & Excel Templates outgoing senses, stabilizing the mind and concentrating upon the inmost Self, gave way to the emergence of Samples dhyana as an essential and useful contemplative technique. In this process, silence (mauna) and renunciation of worldly life were the contributing or facilitating factors 8 . The Chandogya Upanishad reflects this progressive development in the Vedic thought. The Upanishad views meditation or contemplation (dhyna) as a journey into oneself till one reaches the reality that is permanent, reliable and beyond which there is Room Must Shopping nothing else to be found or realized. It explains the various ways in Office Floor, which one can meditate upon Aum (udgita). In a conversation between Narada and Sanatkumara, which is recorded in For Ms | Word & Excel, the Upanishad, the latter explains the progressive forms of meditation (upasana) upon the various aspects of the mind and the body, from the outer to Office Plan the inner, in | Best, order to overcome suffering and realize the true nature of Brahman. He begins by saying that one should meditate (upasana) upon Office the name (nama) as Brahman, then the speech (vak), then the mind (manas), then the cit consciousness (citta), then contemplation (dhyana), then intelligence (vijnanam), then strength (balam), then food (annam), then water, then heat, then ether and Bank Assessment Form, so on. Each of these methods of meditations said to result in some specific benefit.
The following verse from the Upanishad 9 envisions the whole universe and its constituent parts being in a state of deep meditation. Contemplation is assuredly greater than thought. Office Floor Samples. The earth contemplates as it were. The atmosphere contemplates as it were. The heaven contemplates as it were. The waters contemplate as it were, the mountains contemplate as it were. Gods and men contemplate as it were.
Therefore he among men here attains greatness, he seems to have obtained a share of (the reward of) contemplation. Now the small people of quarrelsome, abusive and slandering, the superior men have obtained a share of (the reward of) contemplation. Meditate on contemplation. The verse identifies stability or firmness as the outcome of contemplation (dhyana), a concept that became the focal point in the subsequent scriptures such as the Yogasutra and the Bhagavadgita. According to the Upanishad, contemplation is better than routine thinking because the former leads to stability while the latter leads to disturbances. The earth and the mountains are firm and Bank, stable because they are forever immersed in meditation. So men too can achieve greatness and firmness through contemplation. Ordinary people have no control on their minds so they speak carelessly. But superior men control their thoughts and speech because of contemplation.
The Katha Upanishad 10 also suggests a similar approach by emphasizing the Office Floor need to Resume Example Resume stabilize the mind through the Plan Samples practice of self-contemplation (adhyatma yoga) to overcome both joy and sorrow and realize Brahman who is difficult to be seen (durdasam), deeply hidden (gudham), inside a cave (guhatitam) and dwells in the deep (gahvarestham). Realizing through self-contemplation that primal God, difficult to Mother Of The be seen, deeply hidden, set in the cave (of the heart), dwelling in the deep, the wise man leaves behind both joy and sorrow. The Svetasvatara Upanishad, with its definitive leanings towards Saivism, mentions the word dhyana-yoga in one verse 11 and dhyana in two verses suggestive of the changing times and the systematization of the knowledge of yoga. It declares that those who practiced dhayna-yoga saw the Office self power of the divine (devatma sakti) hidden in His own qualities (sva gunair nigudham) as the first cause (karanam) of Room And College creation, which they understood in their contemplative mode 12 as a rotating wheel having fifty spokes (energies), three tires (qualities) and one hub (Isvara or God). In creation there is perishable matter (pradhana) and imperishable Lord (Hara).
By meditating upon Him, uniting with him and reflecting upon Him one is freed from illusion of the world (maya nivrittih) 13 . The Upanishad also explains how meditation should be performed. It is by using the body as the lower friction stick (arani) and the syllable aum (pranava) as the upper friction stick one may see hidden God (devam) in meditation. Office Floor Plan. This effort has to be accompanied by truthfulness (satyam) and austerity (tapas). According to the Upanishad, yoga of which dhyana is an important component, is a cleansing process. Just as a mirror covered with dust is able to reflect well when it is cleaned, when through yoga we overcome the illusion and ignorance we have about ourselves and our existence, we are able to Mother Of The Bride Speeches: 12 Thoughtful Examples discern the Universal Self hidden in all as the source of all and transcend death. According to Maitri Upanishad, Prajapati Brahma, the Office Floor Plan Samples creator god, being alone and unhappy, meditated upon himself (atmanam abhdhyat) and differentiated himself into diverse beings. When he found them to be lifeless and inert like stone, he entered into them and divided himself into Of The Perfect Resume Example five breaths and the internal fire (vaisvanara). Then, residing in the heart, he pierced five openings in each body and Office Floor Plan, through them began enjoying things using the five senses as his reigns.
The Upanishad further states that when the soul resides in the body and mind which is made up of the elements, it is known as the elemental-self (bhutatma). The elemental-self does not remember its highest state (parama padam) because of ignorance. It becomes free from such an evil existence (papam) only when it gains the knowledge of Brahman (Brahma vidya) through the triad, namely knowledge (vidya), austerity (tapas) and meditation (cinta). The Upanishad distinguishes two types of Brahman, the one with form and the other without form. Of the two, the formless Brahman is real, upon whom one should meditate as Aum to become united with Him.
Apart from the three fold practice mentioned above, the Maitri Upanishad prescribes six fold yoga (sadanga yoga) for the liberation of the Hospital Blood Assessment Form elemental soul from both good and evil. It consists of control of breath (pranayama), withdrawal of the senses (pratyahara), meditation (dhyanam), dharana (concentration), logical enquiry (tarka) and self-absoprtion (samadhi). In contrast to the classical yoga of Office Floor Plan Patanjali, in Blood Bank, this yoga, concentration (dharana) comes after dhyana. Probably in this system dhyana means passive meditation and tarka means concentrated meditation. According to S.Radhakrishnan, it is contemplative enquiry or reflective self-absorption (savitarka samadhi ). It may also mean an enquiry whether the mind has become transformed or not into object of meditation or investigation into the hindrances of concentration caused by the inferior powers acquired by meditation. 15 . The Upanishad mentions a higher concentration technique (parasya dharana) of seeing Brahman through contemplative thought (tarka), known as lumbika-yoga. It consists of holding the tip of the tongue down the palate, restraining the Office Floor Plan speech, the mind and Resume Example | Best, the breath and seeing the (shining) self through the (elemental or impure ) self. The Paingala Upanishad distinguishes four kinds of spiritual practice to attain Brahman and explains the Floor purport of each. They are hearing (sravanam), reflection (mananam), meditation (nidhidhaysanam) and self realization (atma darsana). Investigation into the meaning and purpose (vakyartha vicara) of the Vedic mantras such as Thou art That, and I am Brahman, constitute hearing (sravanam). Paying undivided attention to what is being being heard is reflection.
Concentrating the thought solely on Deposit Templates For Ms Word | Word Templates what has been understood through hearing and reflection is meditation. Floor Plan. When the 12 College Room Haves | Dorm, Lists And College distinction between the Plan Samples subject and the object disappears in Hospital Bank Assessment Form, the heightened state of concentration, it is called cognition of the self (atma darsana). With it all the karmas become destroyed and one experiences a shower of supreme bliss coming from thousand directions. The wise call such a state as dharma megha samadhi (self-absorption of the virtuous kind). As all the impurities are removed and the past and present karmas are neutralized, the knower of Brahman becomes a liberated being (jivan mukta). When the time of his departure from this world comes, he leaves his embodied state and enters into the supreme state of Plan non-movement (aspandatam), which is Bank Assessment eternal, devoid of sensations, constant, alone and perfect.
The Kaivalya Upanishad emphasizes the importance of Office Samples devotion in the practice of yoga and meditation. It identifies faith (sraddha), devotion (bhakti), meditation (dhyana) and Manager Resume Example, concentration as the means to know Brahman who is equated with Siva. One should meditate upon the lotus of the heart which is pure, without passion, where in Plan Samples, lies the Example | Best For You source of Brahma who is eternal. blue throated and companion of Uma. In the Bhagavadgita, Lord Krishna touches upon the subject of dhyana on Office Floor Samples many occasions during the course of his long conversation with Arjuna. Verses 10 to 16 in the 6th chapter entitled, Dhayana Yoga, explain how and in what conditions a yogi should subdue his mind through concentration. Living alone in solitude, in a clean place covered with kusa grass, a deer skin and a cloth, one over Templates For Ms Word Templates the other, on a firm seat, a yogi, who is pure and self-controlled, without desires and free from possessions, should sit with his body, head and neck erect and concentrate his mind upon Office Floor Plan Samples the tip of the nose. With concentration and subdued mind, he eventually attains lasting peace.
So although the chapter is Dorm Haves | Dorm, Lists entitled the yoga of Office Floor Plan Samples meditation (dhyana yoga), it basically speaks about the practice of concentration to control the mind and the senses. The same chapter defines yoga as disconnection from union with pain 16 . Of The Perfect Resume Examples. In Chapter 12 meditation is described to be superior to knowledge and renunciation of the fruit of action better than meditation from which peace follows immediately17. In Chapter 13 it is said that through dhyana one can see the Self in the Self by the Self 18 . Dhyana is an important limb of the eightfold (ashtanga) yoga of Patanajali, whose work the Yogasutra, considered to be the most authoritative ancient treatise on Samples Yoga, presents the practice of Yoga in a systematic and orderly manner. The eight limbs of yoga are inter related and are not meant to be practiced in isolation. The purpose of yoga is to control the fluctuations of the Academic Vs. Professional citta and facilitate its stability by cultivating purity (sattva) through a cleansing process so that one can become absorbed in Office Floor Samples, oneself and realize his true identity. Of the eightfold yoga, meditation (dhyana) is penultimate limb, preceded by yama, niyama, pranayama, pratyahara, asana, dharana and followed by samadhi. All the limbs are important and Example Perfect Resume Examples For, complimentary. In other words success in meditation depends upon Office Floor Samples the progress achieved in other areas, especially the ones preceding it in the order. So is the case with samadhi, which is not possible unless there is perfection in all the other areas of yoga. Dhyana is an important component of classical yoga. According to Patanjali stability of the mind can be achieved by practsing meditation of objects that are pleasing to us (Yatabhimata dhyanat va) 19 . In the third section of the Yogasutra he defines dhyana as the steady (pratyata) and continuous flow of awareness (ekantata) towards the 12 College Room Haves | Dorm, And College same point 20 . The epics and the Puranas are replete with the stories of seers, sages and gods practicing yoga, tapas and other forms of spiritual practices.
Some of the Floor Plan stories have deep symbolism, such as the story of the churning of the oceans (sagara manthanam) in which gods and Resume | Best For You, demons come together to churn the ocean to extract the elixir (amrita) 21 . The story symbolically represents various yogic practices which culminate in immortality. In the story the ocean represents the citta (often referred as the mind stuff or cit consciousness) which is subject to mental fluctuations (citta vrittis). The gods and demons represents the pure and impure thoughts and energies of the mind and the body (the physical realm). the serpent Vasuki represent desire or the vaisvanara fire. The mount mandhara represents concentration (dharana) of the Plan Samples mind (manas). The churning represents the reflective or contemplative process in Vs. Professional, search of Office Plan immortality. The poison that emerged during the churning represent the pain and suffering generated from the practice of austerities (tapas). Lord Siva represents the teacher who takes upon Mother Bride Speeches: himself the Office Floor Plan Samples suffering of his sincere disciples.
The various magical objects that came out of the ocean during the churning represent the Deposit Word | Word various perfections (siddhis) or supernatural powers described in the Yogasutra. Dharana (concentration) is focused bare attention and dhayana is focused meditation. Saivism has many sects and each has its own set of techniques and theories of yoga, rooted in the theoretical and philosophical aspects of Saiva religious texts (Agama) and tantras some of which are left handed (vamachara) and Floor Plan, some right handed (sadacara). The former use the mind and body, intoxicants, sexual intercourse and socially reprehensible behavior as a part of their self-cleansing process to achieve self-realization. All sects of Saivism and Templates For Ms Word | Word & Excel Templates, Shaktism worship Siva or shakti or both and aim to achieve union with them through various practices of which meditation or dhyana is an important component. Symbols and images of Shiva and shakti and various mystica diagrams (yantras) used religious worship, meditation and concentration, apart from proper conduct and devotion to keep the mind pure and elevated. The yoga traditions of Saivims go by different names such as hatha yoga, tantra yoga and kundalini yoga.
According to Kularnava Tantra, one of the Office Floor well known texts of Kaula tradtion composed during the medieval period, meditation is of two type coarse (sthula) and subtle (sukshma). The former is meditation on form, usually an object, image or symbol and the latter meditation on the formless, usually an abstract concept or state of Siva as pure and resplendent light, bliss. In both types of Manager Resume | Best For You meditation, the mind has to become stable or immobile and the distinction between the subject and object shoulld disappear to achieve the ectasic state of self-absorption (samadhi). Hatha yoga is an Office Floor Plan, important offshoot of Tantrism, which aims to develop the human body, through various ascetic and yogic practices, into a strong diamond (vajra) like and divine body that would be strong and pure enough to house the splendor of Siva or Shakti. Academic. When the body is transmuted and filled with light and the higher spiritual energies it becomes a fit vehicle for enlightenment and possession extraordinary powers and abilities (siddhis) such as the will to assume any form and live in the subtle regions in Office Samples, the subtle body at will. Hatha yoga is followed by Vs. Professional many traditions of Saivism but it was made popular by the natha tradition established by Gorakshanath who probably lived between 10th and 11th century C.E. Hatha yoga has many features common with the classical yoga but differ from the latter with regard to the intensity and intent of such practices. Hatha yoga used more painful and austere physical posture and Plan Samples, cleansing processes to perfect the Hospital Bank mind and body and make it fit transcendental experiences. Plan. Gheranda Samhita, prescribes six acts of purification for Dorm Must Haves And College, this purpose of which meditation (dhyana) is one.
According to it, the Samples postures (asana) make the Academic Vs. Professional body strong, the gestures (mudras) make it stable, sense withdrawal (pratyahara) leads to calmmess, breath control (pranayama) brings lightness, dhyana leads to the perception of the self and with samadhi comes the ecstasic union. Dhauli, basti, neti, lauli, trataka and kapala-bhati are the important and Office, more specific techniques suggested by the scripture for cleansing the variuos part of the mind and the body. It also mentions three types of Of The Resume Examples Example dhyana: Visualization of coarse objects (sthula dhyana), considered to be the least effective of all Contemplation of Office Plan Samples Absolute being as the light (tejo dhyana) which is said to be a hundred times better than the above. Visualization of Mother Of The Bride Speeches: subtle objects (sukshma dhayna) such as the essence of the Self, which is said to Office Floor Plan be the greatest of all and hundred time better than the meditation on light. The Goraksha Paddathi 22 describes meditation as two fold, composite (sakala) and impartite (nishkala).
It is composite owing to differences in performance, and impartite owing to Example Of The Perfect Resume Resume Example differences in performance, which is also devoid of Floor qualities (nirguna). Meditation has to be practiced by visualizing the various chakras in detail concentrating with focus on the serpent (kunadlini) starting from the base (muladhara) and gradually moving upward to the top of the head (ajna-cakra). Anus, penis, navel, lotus, the one above that (i.e., the throat), the bell, the place of 'hanger' (i.e.the Uuvula), the spot between the eyebrows, and the space cavity (at the crown of the head), are the nine locations (sthana) of the body for Deposit Templates For Ms | Word, focusing the mind and Plan, practicing visual meditation. It is important to remember that these techniques should not be followed in Templates For Ms | Word Templates, isolation but in conjunction with the remaining five acts of purification described above. Our knowledge of Jain yoga comes to us mainly from the work of writes like Haribhadra Suri ( 8th century C.E).
Jain yoga shares some common features with the yoga traditions of Hinduism and probably derived some of the concepts and practices from the classical yoga of Patanjali. Floor Plan. has two components: a preparatory course (purva seva) meant for the lay followers who have become dissolutioned with their worldly lifes and embarked upon a journey of liberation (apunar bandhaka) and the yoga proper meant for the more advanced practitioners, who have advanced on the path and Mother Bride 12 Thoughtful, have achieved some degree of right or mixed vision (samyag drishti). Yoga for the lay followers consists of ritual worship (pujana), proper conduct (sadacara), austerities (tapas), and no negative feelings towards liberation (mukti advesha). Five levels of practice is suggested for the advanced followers: centering in the self (adhyatma yoga), contemplation (bhavana), meditation (dhyana), equanimity (samata), cessation of the Office Plan Samples modifications (vritii samskhaya) of the consciousness. Dhayna or meditation is to Manager Example | Best Resume be practiced everyday one or more times, but at least once for 48 minutes, by all followers of Jainism as per Office Floor Plan the techniques prescribed in their tradition. The purpose of yoga in Buddhism to cultivate right attentiveness of the mind and the body and control the movements of the Example | Best Resume mind so that we can experience peace and equanimity (samatha). Floor Plan. Buddhism does not believe in the existence of soul. So unlike in Slip | Word & Excel Templates, classical yoga or in Hinduism, annihilation of the ego-sense or the ephemeral and aggregate personality rather than realization of the self is the ultimate goal of Buddhist yoga. Through meditation practitioners of Buddhism aim to develop insight into themselves, how they think and act motivated by various desires and subject themselves to Office Samples suffering in numerous ways. Thus, understanding and awareness or insight and mindfulness are the two important elements of Buddhist dhyana.
Balance or the middle approach is another important aspect of this practice so that we will neither over indulge nor neglect our duty to meditate regularly. As regards to the postures (asanas), breath control (pranayama ), with drawl of the senses (pratyahara), methods and meditation and states of self-absorption, there is a correlating between the yogic practices of Buddhism and Hinduism. But as we have already said, the difference lies mainly in the intent and the ultimate purpose of all of the practices. In truth, in Buddhism, every aspect of the mundane life, every activity and movement of the mind and the body can be an object of 12 College Dorm Room Lists meditation. Various techniques are followed to cultivate insightful awareness and end suffering, such as tranquility (samatha) meditation, insightful (vipassana) meditation In samatha meditation a meditator sits in a quietly place, closing his eyes and calmly and rather passively lets go of his thoughts and desires with detachment, with his attention focused on his breathing. Whenever his attention is strayed, he brings it back to his breath. Regular practice of this meditation said to result in calmness of the mind (samatha). Insight meditation,. also known as vipassana meditation, involves a deep exploration of all the movements that arise in the consciousness with mindfulness and Plan, detachment. Academic Vs. Professional. When a mediator becomes mindful of the contents of Office Floor Samples his mind, he develops a deep understanding of the source of his suffering and the impermanence of the world and eventually experiences peace. Sitting meditation and walking meditation are other popular forms of meditation in Buddhism.
There is an attempt on the part of some scholars to Deposit For Ms Word & Excel disassociate yoga and its practices like meditation from Office Floor Plan Samples, Hinduism and Blood, paint them either as non-religious or secular in nature. Yoga and Floor Plan Samples, its various practices have been part of Hindu tradition since the early Vedic times, long before Patanajali systematized them in his Yogasutra and Of The Bride 12 Thoughtful, the followers of Buddhism followed their meditation techniques. One should not overlook the fact that even Zen Buddhism came to Office Plan Samples China and Japan from India through Bodhidharma and the word Zen originated from the word dhyana, 23 which was a Sanskrit word of Hindu origin. Perfect Examples Perfect Example. Many ascetic traditions, including those of Jainism and Buddhism followed different versions of Yoga practiced in India since ancient times. They originated essentially from the Hindu traditions, both Vedic and Floor, non-Vedic, starting from the Deposit Slip Templates Word Templates munis and rishis who received the knowledge of the Veda Samhitas and the Upanishads and groups like the Vratyas and the Kapalikas who were outside the pale of Vedic society. Dhyana is not meant to be practiced in Office Plan, isolation but as a part of various other practices which are meant to prepare the mind and the body to Deposit Slip Templates For Ms & Excel Templates experience altered states of consciousness and assimilate higher forms of energy without side effects.
1. Kaluarnava Tantra - 9:16. 2. Jenine Miller. 3. Rigveda 10.139. 5. Rigveda 10.129. 6. Brihadaranyaka Upanishad Chapter 1 and Chapter 2. 7 Brihadaranyaka Upanishad Chapter 2, First Brahmana. 8. Briahdaranyaka Upanishad 3.5.1. 9. Briahdaranyaka Upanishad 7:6. 10. Katha Upanishad verse 12. 11.
Svetasvatara Upanishad 3. 12. Office Plan Samples. Svetasvatara Upanishad 4. 13. Vs. Professional. Svetasvatara Upanishad 10. 15. The Principal Upanishads, S.Radhakrishnan. 16. Office Floor Plan. Dukha samyoga viyogam yoga samjnitam. 17.
Bhagavadgita, Chatper 12, Verse 12. 18. Bhagavadgita, Chapter 13, Verse 24. 19. Yogasutra 1:39. 20. Yogasutra tatra pratyaya ekanta dhyanam (3.2) 21. Sagar Manthan - Symbolism of The Churning Of The Ocean, by Dorm Haves | Dorm, Shopping And College Jayaram V http://www.hinduwebsite.com/churning.asp. 22. Goraskha Paddathi, Translation as publised in the The Yoga Tradition, Its History, Literature, Philosophy And Practice by George Feuerstein.
23. The word zen is Japanese, derived from the Chinese word chanan-na, which in turn is a corrupted form of dhyana.